diff mbox series

[09/30] elf: Implement ld.so --help

Message ID 59cdd2c02d8ee7b07b78aed5547006e12c726410.1592836143.git.fweimer@redhat.com
State New
Headers show
Series RFC: elf: glibc-hwcaps support | expand

Commit Message

Florian Weimer June 22, 2020, 3:13 p.m. UTC
--help processing is deferred to the point where the executable has
been loaded, so that it is possible to eventually include information
from the main executable in the help output.

As suggested in the GNU command-line interface guidelines, the help
message is printed to standard output, and the exit status is
successful.

Handle usage errors closer to the GNU command-line interface
guidelines.
---
 elf/dl-main.h  |  9 +++++++--
 elf/dl-usage.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++----
 elf/rtld.c     | 55 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
 3 files changed, 74 insertions(+), 14 deletions(-)
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/elf/dl-main.h b/elf/dl-main.h
index 68dd27d0d7..71ca5114de 100644
--- a/elf/dl-main.h
+++ b/elf/dl-main.h
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@  struct audit_list
 };
 
 /* This is a list of all the modes the dynamic loader can be in.  */
-enum mode { normal, list, verify, trace };
+enum mode { normal, list, verify, trace, rtld_help };
 
 /* Aggregated state information extracted from environment variables
    and the ld.so command line.  */
@@ -98,6 +98,11 @@  call_init_paths (const struct dl_main_state *state)
 }
 
 /* Print ld.so usage information and exit.  */
-void _dl_usage (void) attribute_hidden __attribute__ ((__noreturn__));
+void _dl_usage (const char *argv0, const char *wrong_option)
+  attribute_hidden __attribute__ ((__noreturn__));
+
+/* Print ld.so --help output and exit.  */
+void _dl_help (const char *argv0, struct dl_main_state *state)
+  attribute_hidden __attribute__ ((__noreturn__));
 
 #endif /* _DL_MAIN */
diff --git a/elf/dl-usage.c b/elf/dl-usage.c
index e03f183622..e1dc5d33b2 100644
--- a/elf/dl-usage.c
+++ b/elf/dl-usage.c
@@ -19,12 +19,24 @@ 
 #include <dl-cache.h>
 #include <dl-main.h>
 #include <ldsodefs.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
 
 void
-_dl_usage (void)
+_dl_usage (const char *argv0, const char *wrong_option)
 {
-  _dl_fatal_printf ("\
-Usage: ld.so [OPTION]... EXECUTABLE-FILE [ARGS-FOR-PROGRAM...]\n\
+  if (wrong_option != NULL)
+    _dl_error_printf ("%s: unrecognized option '%s'\n", argv0, wrong_option);
+  else
+    _dl_error_printf ("%s: missing program name\n", argv0);
+  _dl_error_printf ("Try '%s --help' for more information.\n", argv0);
+  _exit (1);
+}
+
+void
+_dl_help (const char *argv0, struct dl_main_state *state)
+{
+  _dl_printf ("\
+Usage: %s [OPTION]... EXECUTABLE-FILE [ARGS-FOR-PROGRAM...]\n\
 You have invoked `ld.so', the helper program for shared library executables.\n\
 This program usually lives in the file `/lib/ld.so', and special directives\n\
 in executable files using ELF shared libraries tell the system's program\n\
@@ -46,5 +58,9 @@  of this helper program; chances are you did not intend to run this program.\n\
   --inhibit-rpath LIST  ignore RUNPATH and RPATH information in object names\n\
                         in LIST\n\
   --audit LIST          use objects named in LIST as auditors\n\
-  --preload LIST        preload objects named in LIST\n");
+  --preload LIST        preload objects named in LIST\n\
+  --help                display this help and exit\n\
+",
+              argv0);
+  _exit (0);
 }
diff --git a/elf/rtld.c b/elf/rtld.c
index eac9a1e743..610203d5d2 100644
--- a/elf/rtld.c
+++ b/elf/rtld.c
@@ -1131,6 +1131,7 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
   _dl_starting_up = 1;
 #endif
 
+  const char *argv0 = _dl_argv[0];
   if (*user_entry == (ElfW(Addr)) ENTRY_POINT)
     {
       /* Ho ho.  We are not the program interpreter!  We are the program
@@ -1156,8 +1157,12 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
       while (_dl_argc > 1)
 	if (! strcmp (_dl_argv[1], "--list"))
 	  {
-	    state.mode = list;
-	    GLRO(dl_lazy) = -1;	/* This means do no dependency analysis.  */
+	    if (state.mode != rtld_help)
+	      {
+	       state.mode = list;
+		/* This means do no dependency analysis.  */
+		GLRO(dl_lazy) = -1;
+	      }
 
 	    ++_dl_skip_args;
 	    --_dl_argc;
@@ -1165,7 +1170,8 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
 	  }
 	else if (! strcmp (_dl_argv[1], "--verify"))
 	  {
-	    state.mode = verify;
+	    if (state.mode != rtld_help)
+	      state.mode = verify;
 
 	    ++_dl_skip_args;
 	    --_dl_argc;
@@ -1212,13 +1218,34 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
 	    _dl_argc -= 2;
 	    _dl_argv += 2;
 	  }
+	else if (strcmp (_dl_argv[1], "--help") == 0)
+	  {
+	    state.mode = rtld_help;
+	    --_dl_argc;
+	    ++_dl_argv;
+	  }
+	else if (_dl_argv[1][0] == '-' && _dl_argv[1][1] == '-')
+	  {
+	   if (_dl_argv[1][1] == '\0')
+	     /* End of option list.  */
+	     break;
+	   else
+	     /* Unrecognized option.  */
+	     _dl_usage (argv0, _dl_argv[1]);
+	  }
 	else
 	  break;
 
       /* If we have no further argument the program was called incorrectly.
 	 Grant the user some education.  */
       if (_dl_argc < 2)
-	_dl_usage ();
+	{
+	  if (state.mode == rtld_help)
+	    /* --help without an executable is not an error.  */
+	    _dl_help (argv0, &state);
+	  else
+	    _dl_usage (argv0, NULL);
+	}
 
       ++_dl_skip_args;
       --_dl_argc;
@@ -1243,7 +1270,7 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
 	    break;
 	  }
 
-      if (__builtin_expect (state.mode, normal) == verify)
+      if (state.mode == verify || state.mode == rtld_help)
 	{
 	  const char *objname;
 	  const char *err_str = NULL;
@@ -1256,9 +1283,16 @@  dl_main (const ElfW(Phdr) *phdr,
 	  (void) _dl_catch_error (&objname, &err_str, &malloced, map_doit,
 				  &args);
 	  if (__glibc_unlikely (err_str != NULL))
-	    /* We don't free the returned string, the programs stops
-	       anyway.  */
-	    _exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+	    {
+	      /* We don't free the returned string, the programs stops
+		 anyway.  */
+	      if (state.mode == rtld_help)
+		/* Mask the failure to load the main object.  The help
+		   message contains less information in this case.  */
+		_dl_help (argv0, &state);
+	      else
+		_exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
+	    }
 	}
       else
 	{
@@ -1607,6 +1641,11 @@  ERROR: '%s': cannot process note segment.\n", _dl_argv[0]);
   audit_list_add_dynamic_tag (&state.audit_list, main_map, DT_AUDIT);
   audit_list_add_dynamic_tag (&state.audit_list, main_map, DT_DEPAUDIT);
 
+  /* At this point, all data has been obtained that is included in the
+     --help output.  */
+  if (__builtin_expect (state.mode, normal) == rtld_help)
+    _dl_help (argv0, &state);
+
   /* If we have auditing DSOs to load, do it now.  */
   bool need_security_init = true;
   if (state.audit_list.length > 0)