Patchwork [v5,1/6] arm64: HWCAP: add support for AT_HWCAP2

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Submitter Andrew Murray
Date April 9, 2019, 9:52 a.m.
Message ID <20190409095245.42524-2-andrew.murray@arm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/32210/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Andrew Murray - April 9, 2019, 9:52 a.m.
As we will exhaust the first 32 bits of AT_HWCAP let's start
exposing AT_HWCAP2 to userspace to give us up to 64 caps.

Whilst it's possible to use the remaining 32 bits of AT_HWCAP, we
prefer to expand into AT_HWCAP2 in order to provide a consistent
view to userspace between ILP32 and LP64. However internal to the
kernel we prefer to continue to use the full space of elf_hwcap.

To reduce complexity and allow for future expansion, we now
represent hwcaps in the kernel as ordinals and use a
KERNEL_HWCAP_ prefix. This allows us to support automatic feature
based module loading for all our hwcaps.

We introduce cpu_set_feature to set hwcaps which complements the
existing cpu_have_feature helper. These helpers allow us to clean
up existing direct uses of elf_hwcap and reduce any future effort
required to move beyond 64 caps.

For convenience we also introduce cpu_{have,set}_named_feature which
makes use of the cpu_feature macro to allow providing a hwcap name
without a {KERNEL_}HWCAP_ prefix.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
---
 Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt       | 14 +++--
 arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c     |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c    |  4 +-
 arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c        |  8 +--
 arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c          |  4 +-
 arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h      | 22 ++++----
 arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h           | 52 ++++++++++++++++++-
 arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h      |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c           | 66 ++++++++++++------------
 arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c              |  2 +-
 arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c               |  4 +-
 drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c     |  8 +++
 15 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
Will Deacon - April 16, 2019, 1:51 p.m.
On Tue, Apr 09, 2019 at 10:52:40AM +0100, Andrew Murray wrote:
> As we will exhaust the first 32 bits of AT_HWCAP let's start
> exposing AT_HWCAP2 to userspace to give us up to 64 caps.
> 
> Whilst it's possible to use the remaining 32 bits of AT_HWCAP, we
> prefer to expand into AT_HWCAP2 in order to provide a consistent
> view to userspace between ILP32 and LP64. However internal to the
> kernel we prefer to continue to use the full space of elf_hwcap.
> 
> To reduce complexity and allow for future expansion, we now
> represent hwcaps in the kernel as ordinals and use a
> KERNEL_HWCAP_ prefix. This allows us to support automatic feature
> based module loading for all our hwcaps.
> 
> We introduce cpu_set_feature to set hwcaps which complements the
> existing cpu_have_feature helper. These helpers allow us to clean
> up existing direct uses of elf_hwcap and reduce any future effort
> required to move beyond 64 caps.
> 
> For convenience we also introduce cpu_{have,set}_named_feature which
> makes use of the cpu_feature macro to allow providing a hwcap name
> without a {KERNEL_}HWCAP_ prefix.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt       | 14 +++--
>  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c      |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c      |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c     |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c    |  4 +-
>  arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c        |  8 +--
>  arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c          |  4 +-
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h      | 22 ++++----
>  arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h           | 52 ++++++++++++++++++-
>  arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h      |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c           | 66 ++++++++++++------------
>  arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c              |  2 +-
>  arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c               |  4 +-
>  drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c     |  8 +++
>  15 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> index 13d6691b37be..c04f8e87bab8 100644
> --- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> @@ -13,9 +13,9 @@ architected discovery mechanism available to userspace code at EL0. The
>  kernel exposes the presence of these features to userspace through a set
>  of flags called hwcaps, exposed in the auxilliary vector.
>  
> -Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP entry
> -of the auxilliary vector, and testing whether the relevant flags are
> -set, e.g.
> +Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP or
> +AT_HWCAP2 entry of the auxiliary vector, and testing whether the relevant
> +flags are set, e.g.
>  
>  bool floating_point_is_present(void)
>  {
> @@ -194,3 +194,11 @@ HWCAP_PACG
>      Functionality implied by ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPA == 0b0001 or
>      ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPI == 0b0001, as described by
>      Documentation/arm64/pointer-authentication.txt.
> +
> +
> +4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
> +-----------------------
> +
> +Each AT_HWCAP and AT_HWCAP2 entry provides for up to 32 hwcaps contained
> +in bits [31:0]. For interoperation with userspace we guarantee that bits
> +62 and 63 of AT_HWCAP will always be returned as 0.

I'm a little nervous about the first sentence here, since it could be
taken to mean that we will never allocate 61:32. Mind if I drop it?

> diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> index aa4ec53281ce..6cc8aff83805 100644
> --- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> +++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> @@ -833,7 +833,11 @@ static void arch_timer_evtstrm_enable(int divider)
>  	cntkctl |= (divider << ARCH_TIMER_EVT_TRIGGER_SHIFT)
>  			| ARCH_TIMER_VIRT_EVT_EN;
>  	arch_timer_set_cntkctl(cntkctl);
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> +	cpu_set_named_feature(EVTSTRM);
> +#else
>  	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
> +#endif
>  #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
>  	compat_elf_hwcap |= COMPAT_HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
>  #endif
> @@ -1055,7 +1059,11 @@ static int arch_timer_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
>  	} else if (action == CPU_PM_ENTER_FAILED || action == CPU_PM_EXIT) {
>  		arch_timer_set_cntkctl(__this_cpu_read(saved_cntkctl));
>  
> +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> +		if (cpu_have_named_feature(EVTSTRM))
> +#else
>  		if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_EVTSTRM)
> +#endif

I think this is an indication that the abstraction isn't quite right and
should probably be done in an arch-helped via asm/arch_timer.h. However,
that can be done as a separate patch later on.

Will
Dave Martin - April 16, 2019, 4:30 p.m.
On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 02:51:57PM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 09, 2019 at 10:52:40AM +0100, Andrew Murray wrote:
> > As we will exhaust the first 32 bits of AT_HWCAP let's start
> > exposing AT_HWCAP2 to userspace to give us up to 64 caps.
> > 
> > Whilst it's possible to use the remaining 32 bits of AT_HWCAP, we
> > prefer to expand into AT_HWCAP2 in order to provide a consistent
> > view to userspace between ILP32 and LP64. However internal to the
> > kernel we prefer to continue to use the full space of elf_hwcap.
> > 
> > To reduce complexity and allow for future expansion, we now
> > represent hwcaps in the kernel as ordinals and use a
> > KERNEL_HWCAP_ prefix. This allows us to support automatic feature
> > based module loading for all our hwcaps.
> > 
> > We introduce cpu_set_feature to set hwcaps which complements the
> > existing cpu_have_feature helper. These helpers allow us to clean
> > up existing direct uses of elf_hwcap and reduce any future effort
> > required to move beyond 64 caps.
> > 
> > For convenience we also introduce cpu_{have,set}_named_feature which
> > makes use of the cpu_feature macro to allow providing a hwcap name
> > without a {KERNEL_}HWCAP_ prefix.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
> > ---
> >  Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt       | 14 +++--
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c      |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c      |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c     |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c    |  4 +-
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c        |  8 +--
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c          |  4 +-
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h      | 22 ++++----
> >  arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h           | 52 ++++++++++++++++++-
> >  arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h      |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c           | 66 ++++++++++++------------
> >  arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c              |  2 +-
> >  arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c               |  4 +-
> >  drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c     |  8 +++
> >  15 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > index 13d6691b37be..c04f8e87bab8 100644
> > --- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > +++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > @@ -13,9 +13,9 @@ architected discovery mechanism available to userspace code at EL0. The
> >  kernel exposes the presence of these features to userspace through a set
> >  of flags called hwcaps, exposed in the auxilliary vector.
> >  
> > -Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP entry
> > -of the auxilliary vector, and testing whether the relevant flags are
> > -set, e.g.
> > +Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP or
> > +AT_HWCAP2 entry of the auxiliary vector, and testing whether the relevant
> > +flags are set, e.g.
> >  
> >  bool floating_point_is_present(void)
> >  {
> > @@ -194,3 +194,11 @@ HWCAP_PACG
> >      Functionality implied by ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPA == 0b0001 or
> >      ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPI == 0b0001, as described by
> >      Documentation/arm64/pointer-authentication.txt.
> > +
> > +
> > +4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
> > +-----------------------
> > +
> > +Each AT_HWCAP and AT_HWCAP2 entry provides for up to 32 hwcaps contained
> > +in bits [31:0]. For interoperation with userspace we guarantee that bits
> > +62 and 63 of AT_HWCAP will always be returned as 0.
> 
> I'm a little nervous about the first sentence here, since it could be
> taken to mean that we will never allocate 61:32. Mind if I drop it?

Ack: I don't think we want to say explicitly that we will never use
those bits, apart from AT_HWCAP[63:62] for which there are specific
reasons.

(For now of course, we won't use them.)

> > diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > index aa4ec53281ce..6cc8aff83805 100644
> > --- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > +++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > @@ -833,7 +833,11 @@ static void arch_timer_evtstrm_enable(int divider)
> >  	cntkctl |= (divider << ARCH_TIMER_EVT_TRIGGER_SHIFT)
> >  			| ARCH_TIMER_VIRT_EVT_EN;
> >  	arch_timer_set_cntkctl(cntkctl);
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> > +	cpu_set_named_feature(EVTSTRM);
> > +#else
> >  	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
> > +#endif
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
> >  	compat_elf_hwcap |= COMPAT_HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
> >  #endif
> > @@ -1055,7 +1059,11 @@ static int arch_timer_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> >  	} else if (action == CPU_PM_ENTER_FAILED || action == CPU_PM_EXIT) {
> >  		arch_timer_set_cntkctl(__this_cpu_read(saved_cntkctl));
> >  
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> > +		if (cpu_have_named_feature(EVTSTRM))
> > +#else
> >  		if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_EVTSTRM)
> > +#endif
> 
> I think this is an indication that the abstraction isn't quite right and
> should probably be done in an arch-helped via asm/arch_timer.h. However,
> that can be done as a separate patch later on.

It probably does make sense to add an arch-specific helper for that.

Given that we don't want to encourage this kind of poking about in
elf_hwcap.  It might make sense to have a single-purpose helper just for
checking this flag.

Cheers
---Dave
Andrew Murray - April 30, 2019, 11:09 a.m.
On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 05:30:41PM +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Tue, Apr 16, 2019 at 02:51:57PM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > On Tue, Apr 09, 2019 at 10:52:40AM +0100, Andrew Murray wrote:
> > > As we will exhaust the first 32 bits of AT_HWCAP let's start
> > > exposing AT_HWCAP2 to userspace to give us up to 64 caps.
> > > 
> > > Whilst it's possible to use the remaining 32 bits of AT_HWCAP, we
> > > prefer to expand into AT_HWCAP2 in order to provide a consistent
> > > view to userspace between ILP32 and LP64. However internal to the
> > > kernel we prefer to continue to use the full space of elf_hwcap.
> > > 
> > > To reduce complexity and allow for future expansion, we now
> > > represent hwcaps in the kernel as ordinals and use a
> > > KERNEL_HWCAP_ prefix. This allows us to support automatic feature
> > > based module loading for all our hwcaps.
> > > 
> > > We introduce cpu_set_feature to set hwcaps which complements the
> > > existing cpu_have_feature helper. These helpers allow us to clean
> > > up existing direct uses of elf_hwcap and reduce any future effort
> > > required to move beyond 64 caps.
> > > 
> > > For convenience we also introduce cpu_{have,set}_named_feature which
> > > makes use of the cpu_feature macro to allow providing a hwcap name
> > > without a {KERNEL_}HWCAP_ prefix.
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <andrew.murray@arm.com>
> > > ---
> > >  Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt       | 14 +++--
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c      |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c      |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c     |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c    |  4 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c        |  8 +--
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c          |  4 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h      | 22 ++++----
> > >  arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h           | 52 ++++++++++++++++++-
> > >  arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h      |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c           | 66 ++++++++++++------------
> > >  arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c              |  2 +-
> > >  arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c               |  4 +-
> > >  drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c     |  8 +++
> > >  15 files changed, 131 insertions(+), 63 deletions(-)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > > index 13d6691b37be..c04f8e87bab8 100644
> > > --- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > > +++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
> > > @@ -13,9 +13,9 @@ architected discovery mechanism available to userspace code at EL0. The
> > >  kernel exposes the presence of these features to userspace through a set
> > >  of flags called hwcaps, exposed in the auxilliary vector.
> > >  
> > > -Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP entry
> > > -of the auxilliary vector, and testing whether the relevant flags are
> > > -set, e.g.
> > > +Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP or
> > > +AT_HWCAP2 entry of the auxiliary vector, and testing whether the relevant
> > > +flags are set, e.g.
> > >  
> > >  bool floating_point_is_present(void)
> > >  {
> > > @@ -194,3 +194,11 @@ HWCAP_PACG
> > >      Functionality implied by ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPA == 0b0001 or
> > >      ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPI == 0b0001, as described by
> > >      Documentation/arm64/pointer-authentication.txt.
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
> > > +-----------------------
> > > +
> > > +Each AT_HWCAP and AT_HWCAP2 entry provides for up to 32 hwcaps contained
> > > +in bits [31:0]. For interoperation with userspace we guarantee that bits
> > > +62 and 63 of AT_HWCAP will always be returned as 0.
> > 
> > I'm a little nervous about the first sentence here, since it could be
> > taken to mean that we will never allocate 61:32. Mind if I drop it?
> 
> Ack: I don't think we want to say explicitly that we will never use
> those bits, apart from AT_HWCAP[63:62] for which there are specific
> reasons.

No problem with me. Thanks for making this change (and const_ilog2).

> 
> (For now of course, we won't use them.)
> 
> > > diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > > index aa4ec53281ce..6cc8aff83805 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > > +++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
> > > @@ -833,7 +833,11 @@ static void arch_timer_evtstrm_enable(int divider)
> > >  	cntkctl |= (divider << ARCH_TIMER_EVT_TRIGGER_SHIFT)
> > >  			| ARCH_TIMER_VIRT_EVT_EN;
> > >  	arch_timer_set_cntkctl(cntkctl);
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> > > +	cpu_set_named_feature(EVTSTRM);
> > > +#else
> > >  	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
> > > +#endif
> > >  #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
> > >  	compat_elf_hwcap |= COMPAT_HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
> > >  #endif
> > > @@ -1055,7 +1059,11 @@ static int arch_timer_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
> > >  	} else if (action == CPU_PM_ENTER_FAILED || action == CPU_PM_EXIT) {
> > >  		arch_timer_set_cntkctl(__this_cpu_read(saved_cntkctl));
> > >  
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
> > > +		if (cpu_have_named_feature(EVTSTRM))
> > > +#else
> > >  		if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_EVTSTRM)
> > > +#endif
> > 
> > I think this is an indication that the abstraction isn't quite right and
> > should probably be done in an arch-helped via asm/arch_timer.h. However,
> > that can be done as a separate patch later on.
> 
> It probably does make sense to add an arch-specific helper for that.
> 
> Given that we don't want to encourage this kind of poking about in
> elf_hwcap.  It might make sense to have a single-purpose helper just for
> checking this flag.

I'll propose something in a separate patch.

Thanks,

Andrew Murray

> 
> Cheers
> ---Dave

Patch

diff --git a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
index 13d6691b37be..c04f8e87bab8 100644
--- a/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
+++ b/Documentation/arm64/elf_hwcaps.txt
@@ -13,9 +13,9 @@  architected discovery mechanism available to userspace code at EL0. The
 kernel exposes the presence of these features to userspace through a set
 of flags called hwcaps, exposed in the auxilliary vector.
 
-Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP entry
-of the auxilliary vector, and testing whether the relevant flags are
-set, e.g.
+Userspace software can test for features by acquiring the AT_HWCAP or
+AT_HWCAP2 entry of the auxiliary vector, and testing whether the relevant
+flags are set, e.g.
 
 bool floating_point_is_present(void)
 {
@@ -194,3 +194,11 @@  HWCAP_PACG
     Functionality implied by ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPA == 0b0001 or
     ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1.GPI == 0b0001, as described by
     Documentation/arm64/pointer-authentication.txt.
+
+
+4. Unused AT_HWCAP bits
+-----------------------
+
+Each AT_HWCAP and AT_HWCAP2 entry provides for up to 32 hwcaps contained
+in bits [31:0]. For interoperation with userspace we guarantee that bits
+62 and 63 of AT_HWCAP will always be returned as 0.
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c
index 5fc6f51908fd..036ea77f83bc 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-ce-ccm-glue.c
@@ -372,7 +372,7 @@  static struct aead_alg ccm_aes_alg = {
 
 static int __init aes_mod_init(void)
 {
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_AES))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(AES))
 		return -ENODEV;
 	return crypto_register_aead(&ccm_aes_alg);
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c
index e7a95a566462..bf1b321ff4c1 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/aes-neonbs-glue.c
@@ -440,7 +440,7 @@  static int __init aes_init(void)
 	int err;
 	int i;
 
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		return -ENODEV;
 
 	err = crypto_register_skciphers(aes_algs, ARRAY_SIZE(aes_algs));
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c
index bece1d85bd81..cb054f51c917 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/chacha-neon-glue.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@  static struct skcipher_alg algs[] = {
 
 static int __init chacha_simd_mod_init(void)
 {
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		return -ENODEV;
 
 	return crypto_register_skciphers(algs, ARRAY_SIZE(algs));
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c
index dd325829ee44..e81d5bd555c0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/crct10dif-ce-glue.c
@@ -101,7 +101,7 @@  static struct shash_alg crc_t10dif_alg[] = {{
 
 static int __init crc_t10dif_mod_init(void)
 {
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_PMULL)
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(PMULL))
 		return crypto_register_shashes(crc_t10dif_alg,
 					       ARRAY_SIZE(crc_t10dif_alg));
 	else
@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@  static int __init crc_t10dif_mod_init(void)
 
 static void __exit crc_t10dif_mod_exit(void)
 {
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_PMULL)
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(PMULL))
 		crypto_unregister_shashes(crc_t10dif_alg,
 					  ARRAY_SIZE(crc_t10dif_alg));
 	else
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c
index 791ad422c427..4e69bb78ea89 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/ghash-ce-glue.c
@@ -704,10 +704,10 @@  static int __init ghash_ce_mod_init(void)
 {
 	int ret;
 
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		return -ENODEV;
 
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_PMULL)
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(PMULL))
 		ret = crypto_register_shashes(ghash_alg,
 					      ARRAY_SIZE(ghash_alg));
 	else
@@ -717,7 +717,7 @@  static int __init ghash_ce_mod_init(void)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_PMULL) {
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(PMULL)) {
 		ret = crypto_register_aead(&gcm_aes_alg);
 		if (ret)
 			crypto_unregister_shashes(ghash_alg,
@@ -728,7 +728,7 @@  static int __init ghash_ce_mod_init(void)
 
 static void __exit ghash_ce_mod_exit(void)
 {
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_PMULL)
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(PMULL))
 		crypto_unregister_shashes(ghash_alg, ARRAY_SIZE(ghash_alg));
 	else
 		crypto_unregister_shash(ghash_alg);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c
index 22cc32ac9448..38a589044b6c 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/nhpoly1305-neon-glue.c
@@ -56,7 +56,7 @@  static struct shash_alg nhpoly1305_alg = {
 
 static int __init nhpoly1305_mod_init(void)
 {
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		return -ENODEV;
 
 	return crypto_register_shash(&nhpoly1305_alg);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c b/arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c
index 4aedeaefd61f..0cccdb9cc2c0 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/crypto/sha256-glue.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@  static int __init sha256_mod_init(void)
 	if (ret)
 		return ret;
 
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD) {
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD)) {
 		ret = crypto_register_shashes(neon_algs, ARRAY_SIZE(neon_algs));
 		if (ret)
 			crypto_unregister_shashes(algs, ARRAY_SIZE(algs));
@@ -183,7 +183,7 @@  static int __init sha256_mod_init(void)
 
 static void __exit sha256_mod_fini(void)
 {
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD)
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		crypto_unregister_shashes(neon_algs, ARRAY_SIZE(neon_algs));
 	crypto_unregister_shashes(algs, ARRAY_SIZE(algs));
 }
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
index e505e1fbd2b9..347c17046668 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
@@ -14,15 +14,8 @@ 
 #include <asm/hwcap.h>
 #include <asm/sysreg.h>
 
-/*
- * In the arm64 world (as in the ARM world), elf_hwcap is used both internally
- * in the kernel and for user space to keep track of which optional features
- * are supported by the current system. So let's map feature 'x' to HWCAP_x.
- * Note that HWCAP_x constants are bit fields so we need to take the log.
- */
-
-#define MAX_CPU_FEATURES	(8 * sizeof(elf_hwcap))
-#define cpu_feature(x)		ilog2(HWCAP_ ## x)
+#define MAX_CPU_FEATURES	64
+#define cpu_feature(x)		KERNEL_HWCAP_ ## x
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
@@ -400,10 +393,19 @@  extern DECLARE_BITMAP(boot_capabilities, ARM64_NPATCHABLE);
 
 bool this_cpu_has_cap(unsigned int cap);
 
+static inline void cpu_set_feature(unsigned int num)
+{
+	WARN_ON(num >= MAX_CPU_FEATURES);
+	elf_hwcap |= BIT(num);
+}
+#define cpu_set_named_feature(name) cpu_set_feature(cpu_feature(name))
+
 static inline bool cpu_have_feature(unsigned int num)
 {
-	return elf_hwcap & (1UL << num);
+	WARN_ON(num >= MAX_CPU_FEATURES);
+	return elf_hwcap & BIT(num);
 }
+#define cpu_have_named_feature(name) cpu_have_feature(cpu_feature(name))
 
 /* System capability check for constant caps */
 static inline bool __cpus_have_const_cap(int num)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
index 400b80b49595..beb53a00eb16 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -40,11 +40,61 @@ 
 #define COMPAT_HWCAP2_CRC32	(1 << 4)
 
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/log2.h>
+
+/*
+ * For userspace we represent hwcaps as a collection of HWCAP{,2}_x bitfields
+ * as described in uapi/asm/hwcap.h. For the kernel we represent hwcaps as
+ * natural numbers (in a single range of size MAX_CPU_FEATURES) defined here
+ * with prefix KERNEL_HWCAP_ mapped to their HWCAP{,2}_x counterpart.
+ *
+ * Hwcaps should be set and tested within the kernel via the
+ * cpu_{set,have}_named_feature(feature) where feature is the unique suffix
+ * of KERNEL_HWCAP_{feature}.
+ */
+#define __khwcap_feature(x)		ilog2(HWCAP_ ## x)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_FP			__khwcap_feature(FP)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMD		__khwcap_feature(ASIMD)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_EVTSTRM		__khwcap_feature(EVTSTRM)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_AES		__khwcap_feature(AES)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_PMULL		__khwcap_feature(PMULL)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA1		__khwcap_feature(SHA1)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA2		__khwcap_feature(SHA2)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_CRC32		__khwcap_feature(CRC32)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ATOMICS		__khwcap_feature(ATOMICS)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_FPHP		__khwcap_feature(FPHP)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDHP		__khwcap_feature(ASIMDHP)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_CPUID		__khwcap_feature(CPUID)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDRDM		__khwcap_feature(ASIMDRDM)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_JSCVT		__khwcap_feature(JSCVT)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_FCMA		__khwcap_feature(FCMA)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_LRCPC		__khwcap_feature(LRCPC)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_DCPOP		__khwcap_feature(DCPOP)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA3		__khwcap_feature(SHA3)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SM3		__khwcap_feature(SM3)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SM4		__khwcap_feature(SM4)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDDP		__khwcap_feature(ASIMDDP)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA512		__khwcap_feature(SHA512)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SVE		__khwcap_feature(SVE)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDFHM		__khwcap_feature(ASIMDFHM)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_DIT		__khwcap_feature(DIT)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_USCAT		__khwcap_feature(USCAT)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_ILRCPC		__khwcap_feature(ILRCPC)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_FLAGM		__khwcap_feature(FLAGM)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SSBS		__khwcap_feature(SSBS)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_SB			__khwcap_feature(SB)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_PACA		__khwcap_feature(PACA)
+#define KERNEL_HWCAP_PACG		__khwcap_feature(PACG)
+
+#define __khwcap2_feature(x)		(ilog2(HWCAP2_ ## x) + 32)
+
 /*
  * This yields a mask that user programs can use to figure out what
  * instruction set this cpu supports.
  */
-#define ELF_HWCAP		(elf_hwcap)
+#define ELF_HWCAP		lower_32_bits(elf_hwcap)
+#define ELF_HWCAP2		upper_32_bits(elf_hwcap)
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
 #define COMPAT_ELF_HWCAP	(compat_elf_hwcap)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
index 5f0750c2199c..453b45af80b7 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/uapi/asm/hwcap.h
@@ -18,7 +18,7 @@ 
 #define _UAPI__ASM_HWCAP_H
 
 /*
- * HWCAP flags - for elf_hwcap (in kernel) and AT_HWCAP
+ * HWCAP flags - for AT_HWCAP
  */
 #define HWCAP_FP		(1 << 0)
 #define HWCAP_ASIMD		(1 << 1)
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
index 4061de10cea6..986ceeacd19f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
@@ -1571,39 +1571,39 @@  static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities ptr_auth_hwcap_gen_matches[] = {
 #endif
 
 static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_elf_hwcaps[] = {
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_AES_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_PMULL),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_AES_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_AES),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA1_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SHA1),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA2_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SHA2),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA2_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SHA512),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_CRC32_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_CRC32),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_ATOMICS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ATOMICS),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_RDM_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ASIMDRDM),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA3_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SHA3),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SM3_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SM3),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SM4_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SM4),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_DP_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ASIMDDP),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_FHM_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ASIMDFHM),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_TS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_FLAGM),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_FP_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 0, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_FP),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_FP_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_FPHP),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_ASIMD_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 0, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ASIMD),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_ASIMD_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ASIMDHP),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_DIT_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_DIT),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_DPB_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_DCPOP),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_JSCVT_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_JSCVT),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_FCMA_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_FCMA),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_LRCPC_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_LRCPC),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_LRCPC_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_ILRCPC),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_SB_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SB),
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1, ID_AA64MMFR2_AT_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_USCAT),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_AES_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PMULL),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_AES_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_AES),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA1_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA1),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA2_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA2),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA2_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA512),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_CRC32_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_CRC32),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_ATOMICS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ATOMICS),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_RDM_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDRDM),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SHA3_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SHA3),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SM3_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SM3),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_SM4_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SM4),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_DP_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDDP),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_FHM_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDFHM),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR0_TS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_FLAGM),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_FP_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 0, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_FP),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_FP_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_FPHP),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_ASIMD_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 0, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMD),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_ASIMD_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ASIMDHP),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_DIT_SHIFT, FTR_SIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_DIT),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_DPB_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_DCPOP),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_JSCVT_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_JSCVT),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_FCMA_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_FCMA),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_LRCPC_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_LRCPC),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_LRCPC_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 2, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_ILRCPC),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1, ID_AA64ISAR1_SB_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SB),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1, ID_AA64MMFR2_AT_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, 1, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_USCAT),
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_SVE
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR0_SVE, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SVE),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1, ID_AA64PFR0_SVE_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR0_SVE, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SVE),
 #endif
-	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_INSNS, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_SSBS),
+	HWCAP_CAP(SYS_ID_AA64PFR1_EL1, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_SHIFT, FTR_UNSIGNED, ID_AA64PFR1_SSBS_PSTATE_INSNS, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_SSBS),
 #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PTR_AUTH
-	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_addr_matches, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_PACA),
-	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_gen_matches, CAP_HWCAP, HWCAP_PACG),
+	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_addr_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACA),
+	HWCAP_MULTI_CAP(ptr_auth_hwcap_gen_matches, CAP_HWCAP, KERNEL_HWCAP_PACG),
 #endif
 	{},
 };
@@ -1623,7 +1623,7 @@  static void __init cap_set_elf_hwcap(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
 {
 	switch (cap->hwcap_type) {
 	case CAP_HWCAP:
-		elf_hwcap |= cap->hwcap;
+		cpu_set_feature(cap->hwcap);
 		break;
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
 	case CAP_COMPAT_HWCAP:
@@ -1646,7 +1646,7 @@  static bool cpus_have_elf_hwcap(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
 
 	switch (cap->hwcap_type) {
 	case CAP_HWCAP:
-		rc = (elf_hwcap & cap->hwcap) != 0;
+		rc = cpu_have_feature(cap->hwcap);
 		break;
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
 	case CAP_COMPAT_HWCAP:
@@ -1667,7 +1667,7 @@  static bool cpus_have_elf_hwcap(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
 static void __init setup_elf_hwcaps(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *hwcaps)
 {
 	/* We support emulation of accesses to CPU ID feature registers */
-	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_CPUID;
+	cpu_set_named_feature(CPUID);
 	for (; hwcaps->matches; hwcaps++)
 		if (hwcaps->matches(hwcaps, cpucap_default_scope(hwcaps)))
 			cap_set_elf_hwcap(hwcaps);
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
index ca0685f33900..810db95f293f 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpuinfo.c
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@  static int c_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
 #endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
 		} else {
 			for (j = 0; hwcap_str[j]; j++)
-				if (elf_hwcap & (1 << j))
+				if (cpu_have_feature(j))
 					seq_printf(m, " %s", hwcap_str[j]);
 		}
 		seq_puts(m, "\n");
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
index 5ebe73b69961..735cf1f8b109 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
@@ -1258,14 +1258,14 @@  static inline void fpsimd_hotplug_init(void) { }
  */
 static int __init fpsimd_init(void)
 {
-	if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_FP) {
+	if (cpu_have_named_feature(FP)) {
 		fpsimd_pm_init();
 		fpsimd_hotplug_init();
 	} else {
 		pr_notice("Floating-point is not implemented\n");
 	}
 
-	if (!(elf_hwcap & HWCAP_ASIMD))
+	if (!cpu_have_named_feature(ASIMD))
 		pr_notice("Advanced SIMD is not implemented\n");
 
 	return sve_sysctl_init();
diff --git a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
index aa4ec53281ce..6cc8aff83805 100644
--- a/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
+++ b/drivers/clocksource/arm_arch_timer.c
@@ -833,7 +833,11 @@  static void arch_timer_evtstrm_enable(int divider)
 	cntkctl |= (divider << ARCH_TIMER_EVT_TRIGGER_SHIFT)
 			| ARCH_TIMER_VIRT_EVT_EN;
 	arch_timer_set_cntkctl(cntkctl);
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
+	cpu_set_named_feature(EVTSTRM);
+#else
 	elf_hwcap |= HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
+#endif
 #ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
 	compat_elf_hwcap |= COMPAT_HWCAP_EVTSTRM;
 #endif
@@ -1055,7 +1059,11 @@  static int arch_timer_cpu_pm_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
 	} else if (action == CPU_PM_ENTER_FAILED || action == CPU_PM_EXIT) {
 		arch_timer_set_cntkctl(__this_cpu_read(saved_cntkctl));
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_ARM64
+		if (cpu_have_named_feature(EVTSTRM))
+#else
 		if (elf_hwcap & HWCAP_EVTSTRM)
+#endif
 			cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &evtstrm_available);
 	}
 	return NOTIFY_OK;