Patchwork [v3,18/28] arm64/sve: Preserve SVE registers around EFI runtime service calls

login
register
mail settings
Submitter Dave Martin
Date Oct. 10, 2017, 6:38 p.m.
Message ID <1507660725-7986-19-git-send-email-Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/23449/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Dave Martin - Oct. 10, 2017, 6:38 p.m.
The EFI runtime services ABI allows EFI to make free use of the
FPSIMD registers during EFI runtime service calls, subject to the
callee-save requirements of the AArch64 procedure call standard.

However, the SVE architecture allows upper bits of the SVE vector
registers to be zeroed as a side-effect of FPSIMD V-register
writes.  This means that the SVE vector registers must be saved in
their entirety in order to avoid data loss: non-SVE-aware EFI
implementations cannot restore them correctly.

The non-IRQ case is already handled gracefully by
kernel_neon_begin().  For the IRQ case, this patch allocates a
suitable per-CPU stash buffer for the full SVE register state and
uses it to preserve the affected registers around EFI calls.  It is
currently unclear how the EFI runtime services ABI will be
clarified with respect to SVE, so it safest to assume that the
predicate registers and FFR must be saved and restored too.

No attempt is made to restore the restore the vector length after
a call, for now.  It is deemed rather insane for EFI to change it,
and contemporary EFI implementations certainly won't.

Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

---

Changes since v2
----------------

Miscellaneous:

 * Applied a BUG_ON removal that was split into the wrong patch in v2.

 * Fixed overindentation of panic() call in sve_efi_setup().
---
 arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c | 67 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 61 insertions(+), 6 deletions(-)
Catalin Marinas - Oct. 12, 2017, 10:57 a.m.
On Tue, Oct 10, 2017 at 07:38:35PM +0100, Dave P Martin wrote:
> The EFI runtime services ABI allows EFI to make free use of the
> FPSIMD registers during EFI runtime service calls, subject to the
> callee-save requirements of the AArch64 procedure call standard.
> 
> However, the SVE architecture allows upper bits of the SVE vector
> registers to be zeroed as a side-effect of FPSIMD V-register
> writes.  This means that the SVE vector registers must be saved in
> their entirety in order to avoid data loss: non-SVE-aware EFI
> implementations cannot restore them correctly.
> 
> The non-IRQ case is already handled gracefully by
> kernel_neon_begin().  For the IRQ case, this patch allocates a
> suitable per-CPU stash buffer for the full SVE register state and
> uses it to preserve the affected registers around EFI calls.  It is
> currently unclear how the EFI runtime services ABI will be
> clarified with respect to SVE, so it safest to assume that the
> predicate registers and FFR must be saved and restored too.
> 
> No attempt is made to restore the restore the vector length after
> a call, for now.  It is deemed rather insane for EFI to change it,
> and contemporary EFI implementations certainly won't.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> Reviewed-by: Alex Bennée <alex.bennee@linaro.org>
> Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ard.biesheuvel@linaro.org>

Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
index b1d383a..c194627 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/fpsimd.c
@@ -121,11 +121,13 @@  static int sve_default_vl = -1;
 int __ro_after_init sve_max_vl = -1;
 /* Set of available vector lengths, as vq_to_bit(vq): */
 static __ro_after_init DECLARE_BITMAP(sve_vq_map, SVE_VQ_MAX);
+static void __percpu *efi_sve_state;
 
 #else /* ! CONFIG_ARM64_SVE */
 
 /* Dummy declaration for code that will be optimised out: */
 extern __ro_after_init DECLARE_BITMAP(sve_vq_map, SVE_VQ_MAX);
+extern void __percpu *efi_sve_state;
 
 #endif /* ! CONFIG_ARM64_SVE */
 
@@ -562,6 +564,30 @@  int sve_verify_vq_map(void)
 	return ret;
 }
 
+static void __init sve_efi_setup(void)
+{
+	if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_EFI))
+		return;
+
+	/*
+	 * alloc_percpu() warns and prints a backtrace if this goes wrong.
+	 * This is evidence of a crippled system and we are returning void,
+	 * so no attempt is made to handle this situation here.
+	 */
+	if (!sve_vl_valid(sve_max_vl))
+		goto fail;
+
+	efi_sve_state = __alloc_percpu(
+		SVE_SIG_REGS_SIZE(sve_vq_from_vl(sve_max_vl)), SVE_VQ_BYTES);
+	if (!efi_sve_state)
+		goto fail;
+
+	return;
+
+fail:
+	panic("Cannot allocate percpu memory for EFI SVE save/restore");
+}
+
 /*
  * Enable SVE for EL1.
  * Intended for use by the cpufeatures code during CPU boot.
@@ -609,6 +635,8 @@  void __init sve_setup(void)
 		sve_max_vl);
 	pr_info("SVE: default vector length %u bytes per vector\n",
 		sve_default_vl);
+
+	sve_efi_setup();
 }
 
 void fpsimd_release_thread(struct task_struct *dead_task)
@@ -950,6 +978,7 @@  EXPORT_SYMBOL(kernel_neon_end);
 
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct fpsimd_state, efi_fpsimd_state);
 static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, efi_fpsimd_state_used);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, efi_sve_state_used);
 
 /*
  * EFI runtime services support functions
@@ -975,10 +1004,24 @@  void __efi_fpsimd_begin(void)
 
 	WARN_ON(preemptible());
 
-	if (may_use_simd())
+	if (may_use_simd()) {
 		kernel_neon_begin();
-	else {
-		fpsimd_save_state(this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state));
+	} else {
+		/*
+		 * If !efi_sve_state, SVE can't be in use yet and doesn't need
+		 * preserving:
+		 */
+		if (system_supports_sve() && likely(efi_sve_state)) {
+			char *sve_state = this_cpu_ptr(efi_sve_state);
+
+			__this_cpu_write(efi_sve_state_used, true);
+
+			sve_save_state(sve_state + sve_ffr_offset(sve_max_vl),
+				       &this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state)->fpsr);
+		} else {
+			fpsimd_save_state(this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state));
+		}
+
 		__this_cpu_write(efi_fpsimd_state_used, true);
 	}
 }
@@ -991,10 +1034,22 @@  void __efi_fpsimd_end(void)
 	if (!system_supports_fpsimd())
 		return;
 
-	if (__this_cpu_xchg(efi_fpsimd_state_used, false))
-		fpsimd_load_state(this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state));
-	else
+	if (!__this_cpu_xchg(efi_fpsimd_state_used, false)) {
 		kernel_neon_end();
+	} else {
+		if (system_supports_sve() &&
+		    likely(__this_cpu_read(efi_sve_state_used))) {
+			char const *sve_state = this_cpu_ptr(efi_sve_state);
+
+			sve_load_state(sve_state + sve_ffr_offset(sve_max_vl),
+				       &this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state)->fpsr,
+				       sve_vq_from_vl(sve_get_vl()) - 1);
+
+			__this_cpu_write(efi_sve_state_used, false);
+		} else {
+			fpsimd_load_state(this_cpu_ptr(&efi_fpsimd_state));
+		}
+	}
 }
 
 #endif /* CONFIG_EFI */