Patchwork [4/6,BZ,#11588] benchtests: Add benchmarks for pthread_cond_* functions

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Submitter Gratian Crisan
Date July 30, 2014, 12:31 a.m.
Message ID <1406680317-20189-5-git-send-email-gratian.crisan@ni.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/2229/
State New
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Comments

Gratian Crisan - July 30, 2014, 12:31 a.m.
From: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>

Add a benchmark set that measures the average execution time, min, max,
running variance and standard deviation for:

 - N threads calling pthread_cond_signal/pthread_cond_broadcast w/o any
waiters consuming the signal.

 - time it takes to execute pthread_cond_signal/pthread_cond_broadcast in
the presence of a waiter.

 - round trip time from the ptread_cond_signal call to pthread_cond_wait or
pthread_cond_timedwait return for N threads.

 - round trip time from the ptread_cond_broadcast call to pthread_cond_wait
or pthread_cond_timedwait return for N threads.

Signed-off-by: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>

--
Changes since v1:
* Removed debugging leftover '-g' option from Makefile.
* Replaced bzero() with memset().
* Use size_t where appropriate.

ChangeLog:

2014-07-29  Gratian Crisan  <gratian.crisan@ni.com>

	[BZ #11588]
	* benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c: New file.
	* benchtests/Makefile: Add pthread_cond benchmark.

---
 benchtests/Makefile             |   4 +-
 benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c | 387 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 390 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c
Torvald Riegel - Aug. 13, 2014, 3:31 p.m.
On Tue, 2014-07-29 at 19:31 -0500, gratian.crisan@ni.com wrote:
> From: Gratian Crisan <gratian.crisan@ni.com>
> 
> Add a benchmark set that measures the average execution time, min, max,
> running variance and standard deviation for:

Probably quite a bit of this should be factored out into a general
facility to run multi-threaded benchtests.

I think the mean may not be very useful here.  If we're looking at
latencies, I suppose it would be best if we could show the 90th
percentile or so of the latencies we measured.  Your benchmark
measurements show that there are very large outliers, which seem to
disturb the mean significantly.

>  - N threads calling pthread_cond_signal/pthread_cond_broadcast w/o any
> waiters consuming the signal.

But those threads all use their own separate mutex and condvar -- so
you're not actually testing scalability of the condvar.  You do test
single-thread latency in some way, but wouldn't it be better to do that
with just one thread to remove all the interference from oversubscribing
the system (ie, more threads than cores/CPUs available)?

If you were testing scalability of a single mutex/condvar instance,
tunning 100 threads seems too large.  For most hardware that means
oversubscription, so you're not really testing how much contention the
data structure creates but rather how your scheduler deals with
oversubscription, and whether you need to schedule particular threads.
Oversubscription is a scenario that should be tested, but I think you'd
rather want to test 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, and then a 100 threads.

>  - time it takes to execute pthread_cond_signal/pthread_cond_broadcast in
> the presence of a waiter.

Makes sense -- but I believe you still want to also test scalability.
So, test with N waiters and 1 signaler, for example.  1 waiter and N
signalers or N waiters and N signalers could also be interesting, but
less so than N waiters and 1 signaler.

>  - round trip time from the ptread_cond_signal call to pthread_cond_wait or
> pthread_cond_timedwait return for N threads.

Again, your threads all seem to use their own condvar.  What this should
test, I believe, is if you have N threads, which all wait for a signal
and after they got one they send out another signal.  A waiter should
test that the signal was really for it, so a signal would set some
number or pointer that indicates which thread it intended to wake up.

>  - round trip time from the ptread_cond_broadcast call to pthread_cond_wait
> or pthread_cond_timedwait return for N threads.

Likewise, but we don't need to check for spurious wake-ups I believe.

I believe this benchmark is large enough to warrant a comment at the top
of the file about what it actually tests.  Or the output needs to be
more self-explanatory.

Some more comments below.

> diff --git a/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c b/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..8accdb7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,387 @@
> +/* Measure the performance of pthread_cond_* family of functions.
> +   Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> +   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> +   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
> +   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> +   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> +   Lesser General Public License for more details.
> +
> +   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
> +   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
> +
> +
> +#include <error.h>
> +#include <errno.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +#include <pthread.h>
> +#include <sched.h>
> +#include <stdio.h>
> +#include <stdlib.h>
> +#include <string.h>
> +#include <stdint.h>
> +#include <sched.h>
> +#include <time.h>
> +#include <math.h>
> +
> +#include "bench-timing.h"
> +
> +typedef enum
> +  {
> +    COND_START,
> +    COND_WAITING,
> +    COND_SIGNALED,
> +    COND_STOP
> +  } state_t;
> +
> +/* Uncomment to run benchmarks at RT priority */
> +/* #define REALTIME 1	*/
> +
> +#define TIMEDWAIT_FLAG	(1<<0)
> +#define BROADCAST_FLAG	(1<<1)
> +#define ROUNDTRIP_FLAG	(1<<2)
> +
> +typedef struct
> +{
> +  pthread_t tid;
> +  pthread_cond_t cond;
> +  pthread_mutex_t mutex;
> +  volatile state_t state;
> +  uint32_t flags;
> +  size_t iters;
> +  timing_t start;
> +  timing_t stop;
> +} params_t;
> +
> +typedef struct
> +{
> +  timing_t sum;
> +  timing_t min;
> +  timing_t max;
> +  size_t n;
> +  double rmean;
> +  double rvar;
> +} stats_t;
> +
> +static stats_t g_stats;
> +static pthread_mutex_t g_stats_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
> +
> +static void
> +init_stats (void)
> +{
> +  memset (&g_stats, 0, sizeof (stats_t));
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +update_stats (params_t *p)
> +{
> +  timing_t diff;
> +  double delta;
> +
> +  pthread_mutex_lock (&g_stats_mutex);
> +
> +  g_stats.n++;
> +  TIMING_DIFF (diff, p->start, p->stop);
> +  TIMING_ACCUM (g_stats.sum, diff);
> +  if (diff > g_stats.max)
> +    g_stats.max = diff;
> +  if (diff < g_stats.min || g_stats.min == 0)
> +    g_stats.min = diff;
> +  delta = diff - g_stats.rmean;
> +  g_stats.rmean += delta / g_stats.n;
> +  g_stats.rvar += delta * (diff - g_stats.rmean);
> +
> +  pthread_mutex_unlock (&g_stats_mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +print_stats (size_t niters, size_t nthreads)
> +{
> +  double variance;
> +
> +  variance = (g_stats.n > 1) ? g_stats.rvar / (g_stats.n - 1) : 0.0;
> +
> +  printf ("%-14u%-11u", (unsigned int) niters, (unsigned int) nthreads);
> +  printf ("%-11g", (double) g_stats.sum / (double) g_stats.n);
> +  printf ("%-8u%-12u", (unsigned int) g_stats.min, (unsigned int) g_stats.max);
> +  printf ("%-15e%g\n", variance, sqrt (variance));
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +create_thread (params_t *p, void *(*function) (void *))
> +{
> +  pthread_attr_t attr;
> +  pthread_condattr_t cond_attr;
> +#ifdef REALTIME
> +  int priority;
> +  struct sched_param schedp;
> +#endif
> +
> +  p->state = COND_START;
> +  p->start = 0;
> +  p->stop = 0;
> +
> +  if (pthread_mutex_init (&p->mutex, NULL) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_mutex_init failed");
> +
> +  if (pthread_condattr_init (&cond_attr) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_condattr_init failed");
> +
> +  if (p->flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG)
> +    if (pthread_condattr_setclock (&cond_attr, CLOCK_MONOTONIC) != 0)
> +      error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_condattr_setclock failed");
> +
> +  if (pthread_cond_init (&p->cond, &cond_attr) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_init failed");
> +
> +  if (pthread_attr_init (&attr) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_attr_init failed");
> +
> +#ifdef REALTIME
> +  priority = sched_get_priority_max (SCHED_FIFO);
> +  if (priority == -1)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_get_priority_max failed");
> +
> +  schedp.sched_priority = priority - 1;
> +  if (sched_setscheduler (getpid (), SCHED_FIFO, &schedp) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
> +
> +  if (pthread_attr_setschedpolicy (&attr, SCHED_FIFO) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
> +
> +  if (pthread_attr_setschedparam (&attr, &schedp) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
> +#endif
> +
> +  if (pthread_create (&p->tid, &attr, function, (void *) p) != 0)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_create failed");
> +}
> +
> +static void *
> +signaler (void *arg)
> +{
> +  params_t *p = (params_t *) arg;
> +  size_t i;
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < p->iters; i++)
> +    {
> +      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +      if (p->flags & BROADCAST_FLAG)
> +	{
> +	  TIMING_NOW (p->start);
> +	  if (pthread_cond_broadcast (&p->cond) != 0)
> +	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_broadcast failed");
> +	}
> +      else
> +	{
> +	  TIMING_NOW (p->start);
> +	  if (pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond) != 0)
> +	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_signal failed");
> +	}
> +      TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
> +      update_stats (p);
> +      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +    }
> +
> +  return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +do_signal_test (size_t niters, size_t nthreads, uint32_t flags)
> +{
> +  size_t i;
> +  params_t *params;
> +
> +  init_stats ();
> +
> +  params = (params_t *) malloc (sizeof (params_t) * nthreads);
> +  if (params == NULL)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "out of memory");
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
> +    {
> +      params[i].iters = niters;
> +      params[i].flags = flags;
> +      create_thread (&params[i], signaler);
> +    }
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
> +    pthread_join (params[i].tid, NULL);
> +
> +  printf ("%s\t",
> +	  (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ?
> +	  "broadcast (w/o waiters)" : "signal (w/o waiters)");
> +  print_stats (niters, nthreads);
> +
> +  free (params);
> +}
> +
> +static void *
> +waiter (void *arg)
> +{
> +  params_t *p = (params_t *) arg;
> +  struct timespec ts;
> +
> +  while (p->state == COND_START)

Data race (w/ signal_waiter).

> +    {
> +      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +      p->state = COND_WAITING;
> +      if (p->flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG)
> +	{
> +	  if (clock_gettime (CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts) != 0)
> +	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "clock_gettime failed");
> +
> +	  /* Long timeout value, for this benchmark
> +	     we do not want to time out. */
> +	  ts.tv_sec += 60;
> +	  if (pthread_cond_timedwait (&p->cond, &p->mutex, &ts) != 0)
> +	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_timedwait failed");
> +	}
> +      else
> +	{
> +	  if (pthread_cond_wait (&p->cond, &p->mutex) != 0)
> +	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_wait failed");
> +	}
> +      if (p->flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG)
> +	{
> +	  TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
> +	  update_stats (p);
> +	}
> +      if (p->state == COND_STOP)
> +	{
> +	  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +	  break;
> +	}
> +      p->state = COND_SIGNALED;
> +      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +
> +      while (p->state == COND_SIGNALED)

Likewise.

> +	sched_yield ();
> +    }
> +
> +  return NULL;
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +signal_waiter (params_t *p)
> +{
> +  pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +  while (p->state == COND_START)
> +    {
> +      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +      sched_yield ();
> +      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +    }
> +
> +  if (p->flags & BROADCAST_FLAG)
> +    {
> +      TIMING_NOW (p->start);
> +      if (pthread_cond_broadcast (&p->cond) != 0)
> +	error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_broadcast failed");
> +    }
> +  else
> +    {
> +      TIMING_NOW (p->start);
> +      if (pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond) != 0)
> +	error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_signal failed");
> +    }
> +  if (!(p->flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG))
> +    {
> +      TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
> +      update_stats (p);
> +    }
> +
> +  do
> +    {
> +      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +      sched_yield ();
> +      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +    }
> +  while (p->state != COND_SIGNALED);
> +
> +  p->state = COND_START;
> +  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +stop_waiter (params_t *p)
> +{
> +  pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +  while (p->state != COND_WAITING)
> +    {
> +      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +      sched_yield ();
> +      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
> +    }
> +  p->state = COND_STOP;
> +  pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond);
> +  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
> +
> +  pthread_join (p->tid, NULL);
> +}
> +
> +static void
> +do_test (size_t niters, size_t nthreads, uint32_t flags)
> +{
> +  size_t i, j;
> +  params_t *params;
> +
> +  init_stats ();
> +
> +  params = (params_t *) malloc (sizeof (params_t) * nthreads);
> +  if (params == NULL)
> +    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "out of memory");
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
> +    {
> +      params[i].flags = flags;
> +      create_thread (&params[i], waiter);
> +    }
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < niters; i++)
> +    for (j = 0; j < nthreads; j++)
> +      signal_waiter (&params[j]);
> +
> +  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
> +    stop_waiter (&params[i]);
> +
> +  if (flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG)
> +    printf ("%s/%s\t",
> +	    (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ? "broadcast" : "signal",
> +	    (flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG) ? "timedwait" : "wait\t");
> +  else
> +    printf ("%s\t\t",
> +	    (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ? "broadcast" : "signal\t");
> +  print_stats (niters, nthreads);
> +
> +  free (params);
> +}
> +
> +int
> +test_main (void)
> +{
> +  printf ("pthread_cond_[test]\titerations    threads    mean       min     "
> +	  "max         variance       std. deviation\n");
> +  printf ("-----------------------------------------------------------------"
> +	  "--------------------------------------------\n");
> +  do_signal_test (1000000, 100, 0);
> +  do_signal_test (1000000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG);
> +  do_test (1000000, 1, 0);
> +  do_test (1000000, 1, BROADCAST_FLAG);
> +  do_test (100000, 100, ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
> +  do_test (100000, 100, TIMEDWAIT_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
> +  do_test (100000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
> +  do_test (100000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG | TIMEDWAIT_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);

Can the output be more self-explanatory?  Or, add comments in the code.

Patch

diff --git a/benchtests/Makefile b/benchtests/Makefile
index fd3036d..3ea254a 100644
--- a/benchtests/Makefile
+++ b/benchtests/Makefile
@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@  bench-math := acos acosh asin asinh atan atanh cos cosh exp exp2 ffs ffsll \
 	      log log2 modf pow rint sin sincos sinh sqrt tan tanh
 
 bench-pthread := pthread_once
+bench-pthread-set := pthread_cond
 
 bench := $(bench-math) $(bench-pthread)
 
@@ -39,13 +40,14 @@  string-bench-all := $(string-bench)
 
 stdlib-bench := strtod
 
-benchset := $(string-bench-all) $(stdlib-bench)
+benchset := $(string-bench-all) $(stdlib-bench) $(bench-pthread-set)
 
 CFLAGS-bench-ffs.c += -fno-builtin
 CFLAGS-bench-ffsll.c += -fno-builtin
 
 $(addprefix $(objpfx)bench-,$(bench-math)): $(libm)
 $(addprefix $(objpfx)bench-,$(bench-pthread)): $(shared-thread-library)
+$(addprefix $(objpfx)bench-,$(bench-pthread-set)): $(shared-thread-library) $(libm)
 
 
 
diff --git a/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c b/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8accdb7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/benchtests/bench-pthread_cond.c
@@ -0,0 +1,387 @@ 
+/* Measure the performance of pthread_cond_* family of functions.
+   Copyright (C) 2013-2014 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+
+#include <error.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdint.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <math.h>
+
+#include "bench-timing.h"
+
+typedef enum
+  {
+    COND_START,
+    COND_WAITING,
+    COND_SIGNALED,
+    COND_STOP
+  } state_t;
+
+/* Uncomment to run benchmarks at RT priority */
+/* #define REALTIME 1	*/
+
+#define TIMEDWAIT_FLAG	(1<<0)
+#define BROADCAST_FLAG	(1<<1)
+#define ROUNDTRIP_FLAG	(1<<2)
+
+typedef struct
+{
+  pthread_t tid;
+  pthread_cond_t cond;
+  pthread_mutex_t mutex;
+  volatile state_t state;
+  uint32_t flags;
+  size_t iters;
+  timing_t start;
+  timing_t stop;
+} params_t;
+
+typedef struct
+{
+  timing_t sum;
+  timing_t min;
+  timing_t max;
+  size_t n;
+  double rmean;
+  double rvar;
+} stats_t;
+
+static stats_t g_stats;
+static pthread_mutex_t g_stats_mutex = PTHREAD_MUTEX_INITIALIZER;
+
+static void
+init_stats (void)
+{
+  memset (&g_stats, 0, sizeof (stats_t));
+}
+
+static void
+update_stats (params_t *p)
+{
+  timing_t diff;
+  double delta;
+
+  pthread_mutex_lock (&g_stats_mutex);
+
+  g_stats.n++;
+  TIMING_DIFF (diff, p->start, p->stop);
+  TIMING_ACCUM (g_stats.sum, diff);
+  if (diff > g_stats.max)
+    g_stats.max = diff;
+  if (diff < g_stats.min || g_stats.min == 0)
+    g_stats.min = diff;
+  delta = diff - g_stats.rmean;
+  g_stats.rmean += delta / g_stats.n;
+  g_stats.rvar += delta * (diff - g_stats.rmean);
+
+  pthread_mutex_unlock (&g_stats_mutex);
+}
+
+static void
+print_stats (size_t niters, size_t nthreads)
+{
+  double variance;
+
+  variance = (g_stats.n > 1) ? g_stats.rvar / (g_stats.n - 1) : 0.0;
+
+  printf ("%-14u%-11u", (unsigned int) niters, (unsigned int) nthreads);
+  printf ("%-11g", (double) g_stats.sum / (double) g_stats.n);
+  printf ("%-8u%-12u", (unsigned int) g_stats.min, (unsigned int) g_stats.max);
+  printf ("%-15e%g\n", variance, sqrt (variance));
+}
+
+static void
+create_thread (params_t *p, void *(*function) (void *))
+{
+  pthread_attr_t attr;
+  pthread_condattr_t cond_attr;
+#ifdef REALTIME
+  int priority;
+  struct sched_param schedp;
+#endif
+
+  p->state = COND_START;
+  p->start = 0;
+  p->stop = 0;
+
+  if (pthread_mutex_init (&p->mutex, NULL) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_mutex_init failed");
+
+  if (pthread_condattr_init (&cond_attr) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_condattr_init failed");
+
+  if (p->flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG)
+    if (pthread_condattr_setclock (&cond_attr, CLOCK_MONOTONIC) != 0)
+      error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_condattr_setclock failed");
+
+  if (pthread_cond_init (&p->cond, &cond_attr) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_init failed");
+
+  if (pthread_attr_init (&attr) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_attr_init failed");
+
+#ifdef REALTIME
+  priority = sched_get_priority_max (SCHED_FIFO);
+  if (priority == -1)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_get_priority_max failed");
+
+  schedp.sched_priority = priority - 1;
+  if (sched_setscheduler (getpid (), SCHED_FIFO, &schedp) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
+
+  if (pthread_attr_setschedpolicy (&attr, SCHED_FIFO) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
+
+  if (pthread_attr_setschedparam (&attr, &schedp) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "sched_setscheduler failed");
+#endif
+
+  if (pthread_create (&p->tid, &attr, function, (void *) p) != 0)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_create failed");
+}
+
+static void *
+signaler (void *arg)
+{
+  params_t *p = (params_t *) arg;
+  size_t i;
+
+  for (i = 0; i < p->iters; i++)
+    {
+      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+      if (p->flags & BROADCAST_FLAG)
+	{
+	  TIMING_NOW (p->start);
+	  if (pthread_cond_broadcast (&p->cond) != 0)
+	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_broadcast failed");
+	}
+      else
+	{
+	  TIMING_NOW (p->start);
+	  if (pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond) != 0)
+	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_signal failed");
+	}
+      TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
+      update_stats (p);
+      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+    }
+
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static void
+do_signal_test (size_t niters, size_t nthreads, uint32_t flags)
+{
+  size_t i;
+  params_t *params;
+
+  init_stats ();
+
+  params = (params_t *) malloc (sizeof (params_t) * nthreads);
+  if (params == NULL)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "out of memory");
+
+  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
+    {
+      params[i].iters = niters;
+      params[i].flags = flags;
+      create_thread (&params[i], signaler);
+    }
+
+  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
+    pthread_join (params[i].tid, NULL);
+
+  printf ("%s\t",
+	  (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ?
+	  "broadcast (w/o waiters)" : "signal (w/o waiters)");
+  print_stats (niters, nthreads);
+
+  free (params);
+}
+
+static void *
+waiter (void *arg)
+{
+  params_t *p = (params_t *) arg;
+  struct timespec ts;
+
+  while (p->state == COND_START)
+    {
+      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+      p->state = COND_WAITING;
+      if (p->flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG)
+	{
+	  if (clock_gettime (CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts) != 0)
+	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "clock_gettime failed");
+
+	  /* Long timeout value, for this benchmark
+	     we do not want to time out. */
+	  ts.tv_sec += 60;
+	  if (pthread_cond_timedwait (&p->cond, &p->mutex, &ts) != 0)
+	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_timedwait failed");
+	}
+      else
+	{
+	  if (pthread_cond_wait (&p->cond, &p->mutex) != 0)
+	    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_wait failed");
+	}
+      if (p->flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG)
+	{
+	  TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
+	  update_stats (p);
+	}
+      if (p->state == COND_STOP)
+	{
+	  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+	  break;
+	}
+      p->state = COND_SIGNALED;
+      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+
+      while (p->state == COND_SIGNALED)
+	sched_yield ();
+    }
+
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static void
+signal_waiter (params_t *p)
+{
+  pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+  while (p->state == COND_START)
+    {
+      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+      sched_yield ();
+      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+    }
+
+  if (p->flags & BROADCAST_FLAG)
+    {
+      TIMING_NOW (p->start);
+      if (pthread_cond_broadcast (&p->cond) != 0)
+	error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_broadcast failed");
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      TIMING_NOW (p->start);
+      if (pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond) != 0)
+	error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "pthread_cond_signal failed");
+    }
+  if (!(p->flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG))
+    {
+      TIMING_NOW (p->stop);
+      update_stats (p);
+    }
+
+  do
+    {
+      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+      sched_yield ();
+      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+    }
+  while (p->state != COND_SIGNALED);
+
+  p->state = COND_START;
+  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+}
+
+static void
+stop_waiter (params_t *p)
+{
+  pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+  while (p->state != COND_WAITING)
+    {
+      pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+      sched_yield ();
+      pthread_mutex_lock (&p->mutex);
+    }
+  p->state = COND_STOP;
+  pthread_cond_signal (&p->cond);
+  pthread_mutex_unlock (&p->mutex);
+
+  pthread_join (p->tid, NULL);
+}
+
+static void
+do_test (size_t niters, size_t nthreads, uint32_t flags)
+{
+  size_t i, j;
+  params_t *params;
+
+  init_stats ();
+
+  params = (params_t *) malloc (sizeof (params_t) * nthreads);
+  if (params == NULL)
+    error (EXIT_FAILURE, errno, "out of memory");
+
+  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
+    {
+      params[i].flags = flags;
+      create_thread (&params[i], waiter);
+    }
+
+  for (i = 0; i < niters; i++)
+    for (j = 0; j < nthreads; j++)
+      signal_waiter (&params[j]);
+
+  for (i = 0; i < nthreads; i++)
+    stop_waiter (&params[i]);
+
+  if (flags & ROUNDTRIP_FLAG)
+    printf ("%s/%s\t",
+	    (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ? "broadcast" : "signal",
+	    (flags & TIMEDWAIT_FLAG) ? "timedwait" : "wait\t");
+  else
+    printf ("%s\t\t",
+	    (flags & BROADCAST_FLAG) ? "broadcast" : "signal\t");
+  print_stats (niters, nthreads);
+
+  free (params);
+}
+
+int
+test_main (void)
+{
+  printf ("pthread_cond_[test]\titerations    threads    mean       min     "
+	  "max         variance       std. deviation\n");
+  printf ("-----------------------------------------------------------------"
+	  "--------------------------------------------\n");
+  do_signal_test (1000000, 100, 0);
+  do_signal_test (1000000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG);
+  do_test (1000000, 1, 0);
+  do_test (1000000, 1, BROADCAST_FLAG);
+  do_test (100000, 100, ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
+  do_test (100000, 100, TIMEDWAIT_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
+  do_test (100000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
+  do_test (100000, 100, BROADCAST_FLAG | TIMEDWAIT_FLAG | ROUNDTRIP_FLAG);
+
+  return EXIT_SUCCESS;
+}
+
+#define TIMEOUT (4 * 60)
+#define TEST_FUNCTION test_main ()
+#include "../test-skeleton.c"