diff mbox series

Update catch2 testing framework: v1.12.2 -> v2.13.3

Message ID 20201214230557.1562103-1-maennich@google.com
State Committed
Headers show
Series Update catch2 testing framework: v1.12.2 -> v2.13.3 | expand

Commit Message

Matthias Maennich Dec. 14, 2020, 11:05 p.m. UTC
We can now use the latest upstream stable version since we bumped up our
minimum C++ standard version.

	* tests/lib/catch.hpp: update to v2.13.3

Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
---
 tests/lib/catch.hpp | 24261 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 1 file changed, 15225 insertions(+), 9036 deletions(-)

Comments

Dodji Seketeli Dec. 15, 2020, 10:21 a.m. UTC | #1
Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com> a écrit:

[...]

> diff --git a/tests/lib/catch.hpp b/tests/lib/catch.hpp

[...]

>  #ifdef __clang__
>  #   ifdef __ICC // icpc defines the __clang__ macro
>  #       pragma warning(push)
>  #       pragma warning(disable: 161 1682)
>  #   else // __ICC
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wglobal-constructors"
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wvariadic-macros"
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc99-extensions"
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"
>  #       pragma clang diagnostic push
>  #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc++98-compat"
> -#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc++98-compat-pedantic"
>  #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wswitch-enum"
>  #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wcovered-switch-default"
>  #    endif
>  #elif defined __GNUC__
> -#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wvariadic-macros"
> -#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"

Due to this change (I think), I am getting warnings/errors like this on
the EL7 compiler:

/home/dodji/git/libabigail/patches/tests/test-symtab.cc:177:24: erreur: unused variable ‘corpus’ [-Werror=unused-variable]
     const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 0);
                        ^
/home/dodji/git/libabigail/patches/tests/test-symtab.cc:183:24: erreur: unused variable ‘corpus’ [-Werror=unused-variable]
     const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 0, 1);
                        ^
/home/dodji/git/libabigail/patches/tests/test-symtab.cc:189:24: erreur: unused variable ‘corpus’ [-Werror=unused-variable]
     const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 1);

So I a adapted the code to do this:

diff --git a/tests/test-symtab.cc b/tests/test-symtab.cc
index fcfde3a..ffb20a4 100644
--- a/tests/test-symtab.cc
+++ b/tests/test-symtab.cc
@@ -174,19 +174,19 @@ TEST_CASE("Symtab::SimpleSymtabs", "[symtab, basic]")
   GIVEN("a binary with a single undefined function")
   {
     const std::string  binary = "basic/single_undefined_function.so";
-    const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 0);
+    const corpus_sptr corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 0);
   }
 
   GIVEN("a binary with a single undefined variable")
   {
     const std::string  binary = "basic/single_undefined_variable.so";
-    const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 0, 1);
+    const corpus_sptr corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 0, 1);
   }
 
   GIVEN("a binary with one function and one variable undefined")
   {
     const std::string  binary = "basic/one_function_one_variable_undefined.so";
-    const corpus_sptr& corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 1);
+    const corpus_sptr corpus = assert_symbol_count(binary, 0, 0, 1, 1);
   }
 }

And it passes.

[...]

> We can now use the latest upstream stable version since we bumped up our
> minimum C++ standard version.
>
> 	* tests/lib/catch.hpp: update to v2.13.3
>
> Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>

Applied to master with the change above, and an updated to the ChangeLog
section of the commit log.


Please find below the patch I have applied.

Thanks!

[...]

From 9fc16dbc7d535c08d2f7c327607482262620abf4 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
Date: Mon, 14 Dec 2020 23:05:57 +0000
Subject: [PATCH] Update catch2 testing framework: v1.12.2 -> v2.13.3

We can now use the latest upstream stable version since we bumped up our
minimum C++ standard version.

	* tests/lib/catch.hpp: update to v2.13.3
	* tests/test-symtab.cc (TEST_CASE("Symtab::SimpleSymtabs")): Use
	the corpus variable to avoid unused variable warnings.

Signed-off-by: Matthias Maennich <maennich@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Dodji Seketeli <dodji@redhat.com>
---
 tests/lib/catch.hpp  | 24261 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
 tests/test-symtab.cc |     6 +-
 2 files changed, 15228 insertions(+), 9039 deletions(-)

diff --git a/tests/lib/catch.hpp b/tests/lib/catch.hpp
index a0a87f2..3174515 100644
--- a/tests/lib/catch.hpp
+++ b/tests/lib/catch.hpp
@@ -1,17 +1,22 @@
 // SPDX-License-Identifier: BSL-1.0
-/*  Catch v1.12.2
- *  Generated: 2018-05-14 15:10:01.112442
+/*
+ *  Catch v2.13.3
+ *  Generated: 2020-10-31 18:20:31.045274
  *  ----------------------------------------------------------
  *  This file has been merged from multiple headers. Please don't edit it directly
- *  Copyright (c) 2012 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. All rights reserved.
+ *  Copyright (c) 2020 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. All rights reserved.
  *
  *  Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
  *  file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
  */
 #ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_SINGLE_INCLUDE_CATCH_HPP_INCLUDED
 #define TWOBLUECUBES_SINGLE_INCLUDE_CATCH_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch.hpp
 
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_HPP_INCLUDED
+
+#define CATCH_VERSION_MAJOR 2
+#define CATCH_VERSION_MINOR 13
+#define CATCH_VERSION_PATCH 3
 
 #ifdef __clang__
 #    pragma clang system_header
@@ -19,36 +24,66 @@
 #    pragma GCC system_header
 #endif
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_suppress_warnings.h
+// start catch_suppress_warnings.h
 
 #ifdef __clang__
 #   ifdef __ICC // icpc defines the __clang__ macro
 #       pragma warning(push)
 #       pragma warning(disable: 161 1682)
 #   else // __ICC
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wglobal-constructors"
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wvariadic-macros"
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc99-extensions"
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"
 #       pragma clang diagnostic push
 #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc++98-compat"
-#       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc++98-compat-pedantic"
 #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wswitch-enum"
 #       pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wcovered-switch-default"
 #    endif
 #elif defined __GNUC__
-#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wvariadic-macros"
-#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"
-#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wparentheses"
+     // Because REQUIREs trigger GCC's -Wparentheses, and because still
+     // supported version of g++ have only buggy support for _Pragmas,
+     // Wparentheses have to be suppressed globally.
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wparentheses" // See #674 for details
 
 #    pragma GCC diagnostic push
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-variable"
 #    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
 #endif
+// end catch_suppress_warnings.h
 #if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_MAIN) || defined(CATCH_CONFIG_RUNNER)
 #  define CATCH_IMPL
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ALL_PARTS
+#endif
+
+// In the impl file, we want to have access to all parts of the headers
+// Can also be used to sanely support PCHs
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ALL_PARTS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_EXTERNAL_INTERFACES
+#  if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS)
+#    undef CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+#  endif
+#  if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+#  endif
+#endif
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_IMPL_ONLY)
+// start catch_platform.h
+
+#ifdef __APPLE__
+# include <TargetConditionals.h>
+# if TARGET_OS_OSX == 1
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+# elif TARGET_OS_IPHONE == 1
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE
+# endif
+
+#elif defined(linux) || defined(__linux) || defined(__linux__)
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX
+
+#elif defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER) || defined(__MINGW32__)
+#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
 #endif
 
+// end catch_platform.h
+
 #ifdef CATCH_IMPL
 #  ifndef CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN
 #    define CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN_NOT_DEFINED
@@ -56,93 +91,106 @@
 #  endif
 #endif
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_notimplemented_exception.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_NOTIMPLEMENTED_EXCEPTION_H_INCLUDED
+// start catch_user_interfaces.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    unsigned int rngSeed();
+}
+
+// end catch_user_interfaces.h
+// start catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.h
 
-// #included from: catch_common.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_COMMON_H_INCLUDED
+// start catch_common.h
 
-// #included from: catch_compiler_capabilities.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_COMPILER_CAPABILITIES_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch_compiler_capabilities.h
 
-// Detect a number of compiler features - mostly C++11/14 conformance - by compiler
+// Detect a number of compiler features - by compiler
 // The following features are defined:
 //
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR : is nullptr supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT : is noexcept supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS : The delete and default keywords for compiler generated methods
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM : std::is_enum is supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE : std::tuple is supported
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG : is long long supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE : is override supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR : is unique_ptr supported (otherwise use auto_ptr)
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE : is std::shuffle supported?
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS : are type_traits and enable_if supported?
-
-// CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_OR_GREATER : Is C++11 supported?
-
-// CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS : are variadic macros supported?
 // CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER : is the __COUNTER__ macro supported?
 // CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH : is Windows SEH supported?
 // CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS : are POSIX signals supported?
+// CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS : Are exceptions enabled?
 // ****************
 // Note to maintainers: if new toggles are added please document them
 // in configuration.md, too
 // ****************
 
 // In general each macro has a _NO_<feature name> form
-// (e.g. CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NULLPTR) which disables the feature.
+// (e.g. CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) which disables the feature.
 // Many features, at point of detection, define an _INTERNAL_ macro, so they
 // can be combined, en-mass, with the _NO_ forms later.
 
-// All the C++11 features can be disabled with CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11
-
 #ifdef __cplusplus
 
-#  if __cplusplus >= 201103L
-#    define CATCH_CPP11_OR_GREATER
+#  if (__cplusplus >= 201402L) || (defined(_MSVC_LANG) && _MSVC_LANG >= 201402L)
+#    define CATCH_CPP14_OR_GREATER
 #  endif
 
-#  if __cplusplus >= 201402L
-#    define CATCH_CPP14_OR_GREATER
+#  if (__cplusplus >= 201703L) || (defined(_MSVC_LANG) && _MSVC_LANG >= 201703L)
+#    define CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER
 #  endif
 
 #endif
 
-#ifdef __clang__
+// We have to avoid both ICC and Clang, because they try to mask themselves
+// as gcc, and we want only GCC in this block
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(__clang__) && !defined(__ICC) && !defined(__CUDACC__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION _Pragma( "GCC diagnostic push" )
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION  _Pragma( "GCC diagnostic pop" )
 
-#  if __has_feature(cxx_nullptr)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#  endif
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN(...) (void)__builtin_constant_p(__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#endif
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
 
-#  if __has_feature(cxx_noexcept)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" )
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION  _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
+
+// As of this writing, IBM XL's implementation of __builtin_constant_p has a bug
+// which results in calls to destructors being emitted for each temporary,
+// without a matching initialization. In practice, this can result in something
+// like `std::string::~string` being called on an uninitialized value.
+//
+// For example, this code will likely segfault under IBM XL:
+// ```
+// REQUIRE(std::string("12") + "34" == "1234")
+// ```
+//
+// Therefore, `CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN` is not implemented.
+#  if !defined(__ibmxl__) && !defined(__CUDACC__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN(...) (void)__builtin_constant_p(__VA_ARGS__) /* NOLINT(cppcoreguidelines-pro-type-vararg, hicpp-vararg) */
 #  endif
 
-#   if defined(CATCH_CPP11_OR_GREATER)
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" ) \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wexit-time-destructors\"" )
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
-
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic push" ) \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wparentheses\"" )
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-            _Pragma( "clang diagnostic pop" )
-#   endif
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wexit-time-destructors\"" ) \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wglobal-constructors\"")
+
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wparentheses\"" )
+
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wunused-variable\"" )
+
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wgnu-zero-variadic-macro-arguments\"" )
+
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+         _Pragma( "clang diagnostic ignored \"-Wunused-template\"" )
 
 #endif // __clang__
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// We know some environments not to support full POSIX signals
-#if defined(__CYGWIN__) || defined(__QNX__)
-
-#   if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS)
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS
-#   endif
+// Assume that non-Windows platforms support posix signals by default
+#if !defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#endif
 
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// We know some environments not to support full POSIX signals
+#if defined(__CYGWIN__) || defined(__QNX__) || defined(__EMSCRIPTEN__) || defined(__DJGPP__)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS
 #endif
 
 #ifdef __OS400__
@@ -151,225 +199,268 @@
 #endif
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// Cygwin
-#ifdef __CYGWIN__
-
-// Required for some versions of Cygwin to declare gettimeofday
-// see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/36901803/gettimeofday-not-declared-in-this-scope-cygwin
-#   define _BSD_SOURCE
-
-#endif // __CYGWIN__
-
-////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// Borland
-#ifdef __BORLANDC__
-
-#endif // __BORLANDC__
+// Android somehow still does not support std::to_string
+#if defined(__ANDROID__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_ANDROID_LOGWRITE
+#endif
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// EDG
-#ifdef __EDG_VERSION__
-
-#endif // __EDG_VERSION__
+// Not all Windows environments support SEH properly
+#if defined(__MINGW32__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH
+#endif
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// Digital Mars
-#ifdef __DMC__
-
-#endif // __DMC__
+// PS4
+#if defined(__ORBIS__)
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE
+#endif
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// GCC
-#ifdef __GNUC__
+// Cygwin
+#ifdef __CYGWIN__
 
-#   if __GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 6 && defined(__GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__)
-#       define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#   endif
+// Required for some versions of Cygwin to declare gettimeofday
+// see: http://stackoverflow.com/questions/36901803/gettimeofday-not-declared-in-this-scope-cygwin
+#   define _BSD_SOURCE
+// some versions of cygwin (most) do not support std::to_string. Use the libstd check.
+// https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-4.8.2/libstdc++/api/a01053_source.html line 2812-2813
+# if !((__cplusplus >= 201103L) && defined(_GLIBCXX_USE_C99) \
+           && !defined(_GLIBCXX_HAVE_BROKEN_VSWPRINTF))
 
-// - otherwise more recent versions define __cplusplus >= 201103L
-// and will get picked up below
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING
 
-#endif // __GNUC__
+# endif
+#endif // __CYGWIN__
 
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 // Visual C++
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
 
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION __pragma( warning(push) )
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION  __pragma( warning(pop) )
 
-#if (_MSC_VER >= 1600)
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#endif
+// Universal Windows platform does not support SEH
+// Or console colours (or console at all...)
+#  if defined(WINAPI_FAMILY) && (WINAPI_FAMILY == WINAPI_FAMILY_APP)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE
+#  else
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#  endif
 
-#if (_MSC_VER >= 1900 ) // (VC++ 13 (VS2015))
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS
-#endif
+// MSVC traditional preprocessor needs some workaround for __VA_ARGS__
+// _MSVC_TRADITIONAL == 0 means new conformant preprocessor
+// _MSVC_TRADITIONAL == 1 means old traditional non-conformant preprocessor
+#  if !defined(__clang__) // Handle Clang masquerading for msvc
+#    if !defined(_MSVC_TRADITIONAL) || (defined(_MSVC_TRADITIONAL) && _MSVC_TRADITIONAL)
+#      define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#    endif // MSVC_TRADITIONAL
+#  endif // __clang__
 
 #endif // _MSC_VER
 
-////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#if defined(_REENTRANT) || defined(_MSC_VER)
+// Enable async processing, as -pthread is specified or no additional linking is required
+# define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC
+#endif // _MSC_VER
 
-// Use variadic macros if the compiler supports them
-#if ( defined _MSC_VER && _MSC_VER > 1400 && !defined __EDGE__) || \
-    ( defined __WAVE__ && __WAVE_HAS_VARIADICS ) || \
-    ( defined __GNUC__ && __GNUC__ >= 3 ) || \
-    ( !defined __cplusplus && __STDC_VERSION__ >= 199901L || __cplusplus >= 201103L )
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Check if we are compiled with -fno-exceptions or equivalent
+#if defined(__EXCEPTIONS) || defined(__cpp_exceptions) || defined(_CPPUNWIND)
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_EXCEPTIONS_ENABLED
+#endif
 
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// DJGPP
+#ifdef __DJGPP__
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR
+#endif // __DJGPP__
 
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Embarcadero C++Build
+#if defined(__BORLANDC__)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN
 #endif
 
-// Use __COUNTER__ if the compiler supports it
-#if ( defined _MSC_VER && _MSC_VER >= 1300 ) || \
-    ( defined __GNUC__  && ( __GNUC__ > 4 || (__GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 3 )) ) || \
-    ( defined __clang__ && __clang_major__ >= 3 )
+////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-// Use of __COUNTER__ is suppressed during code analysis in CLion/AppCode 2017.2.x and former,
-// because __COUNTER__ is not properly handled by it.
-// This does not affect compilation
-#if ( !defined __JETBRAINS_IDE__ || __JETBRAINS_IDE__ >= 20170300L )
+// Use of __COUNTER__ is suppressed during code analysis in
+// CLion/AppCode 2017.2.x and former, because __COUNTER__ is not properly
+// handled by it.
+// Otherwise all supported compilers support COUNTER macro,
+// but user still might want to turn it off
+#if ( !defined(__JETBRAINS_IDE__) || __JETBRAINS_IDE__ >= 20170300L )
     #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_COUNTER
 #endif
 
-#endif
-
 ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// C++ language feature support
 
-// catch all support for C++11
-#if defined(CATCH_CPP11_OR_GREATER)
-
-#  if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#  endif
+// RTX is a special version of Windows that is real time.
+// This means that it is detected as Windows, but does not provide
+// the same set of capabilities as real Windows does.
+#if defined(UNDER_RTSS) || defined(RTX64_BUILD)
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH
+    #define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_ASYNC
+    #define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE
+#endif
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#  endif
+#if !defined(_GLIBCXX_USE_C99_MATH_TR1)
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER
+#endif
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#  endif
+// Various stdlib support checks that require __has_include
+#if defined(__has_include)
+  // Check if string_view is available and usable
+  #if __has_include(<string_view>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+  #    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+  #endif
+
+  // Check if optional is available and usable
+  #  if __has_include(<optional>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+  #    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_OPTIONAL
+  #  endif // __has_include(<optional>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+
+  // Check if byte is available and usable
+  #  if __has_include(<cstddef>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+  #    include <cstddef>
+  #    if __cpp_lib_byte > 0
+  #      define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE
+  #    endif
+  #  endif // __has_include(<cstddef>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+
+  // Check if variant is available and usable
+  #  if __has_include(<variant>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+  #    if defined(__clang__) && (__clang_major__ < 8)
+         // work around clang bug with libstdc++ https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=31852
+         // fix should be in clang 8, workaround in libstdc++ 8.2
+  #      include <ciso646>
+  #      if defined(__GLIBCXX__) && defined(_GLIBCXX_RELEASE) && (_GLIBCXX_RELEASE < 9)
+  #        define CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_VARIANT
+  #      else
+  #        define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT
+  #      endif // defined(__GLIBCXX__) && defined(_GLIBCXX_RELEASE) && (_GLIBCXX_RELEASE < 9)
+  #    else
+  #      define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT
+  #    endif // defined(__clang__) && (__clang_major__ < 8)
+  #  endif // __has_include(<variant>) && defined(CATCH_CPP17_OR_GREATER)
+#endif // defined(__has_include)
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM
-#  endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER
+#endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#endif
+// This is set by default, because we assume that unix compilers are posix-signal-compatible by default.
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#endif
+// This is set by default, because we assume that compilers with no wchar_t support are just rare exceptions.
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WCHAR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR)
+#   define CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR
+#endif
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
-#  endif
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11_TO_STRING) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING)
+#    define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING
+#endif
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
-#  endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_OPTIONAL) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_OPTIONAL) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_OPTIONAL)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_OPTIONAL
+#endif
 
-#  if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-#  endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_STRING_VIEW) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+#endif
 
-#  if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
-#  endif
-#  if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR)
-#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#  endif
-# if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE)
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE
-#  endif
-# if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS)
-#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS
-# endif
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_VARIANT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT
+#endif
 
-#endif // __cplusplus >= 201103L
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_BYTE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE
+#endif
 
-// Now set the actual defines based on the above + anything the user has configured
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NULLPTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL_REDIRECT)
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_NEW_CAPTURE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_EXCEPTIONS_ENABLED) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_IS_ENUM) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POLYFILL_ISNAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_TUPLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC)  && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_ASYNC) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_USE_ASYNC) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_VARIADIC_MACROS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_ANDROID_LOGWRITE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_ANDROID_LOGWRITE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ANDROID_LOGWRITE)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ANDROID_LOGWRITE
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_LONG_LONG) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
+
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
+
+// Even if we do not think the compiler has that warning, we still have
+// to provide a macro that can be used by the code.
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_COUNTER) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS
 #endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_SHUFFLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
 #endif
-# if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_TYPE_TRAITS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS
-# endif
-#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WINDOWS_SEH) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS
 #endif
-// This is set by default, because we assume that unix compilers are posix-signal-compatible by default.
-#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_POSIX_SIGNALS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS)
-#   define CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS
 #endif
 
-#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS)
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS
-#endif
-#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS)
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
-#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+// The goal of this macro is to avoid evaluation of the arguments, but
+// still have the compiler warn on problems inside...
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN(...)
 #endif
 
-// noexcept support:
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CATCH_NOEXCEPT)
-#  define CATCH_NOEXCEPT noexcept
-#  define CATCH_NOEXCEPT_IS(x) noexcept(x)
-#else
-#  define CATCH_NOEXCEPT throw()
-#  define CATCH_NOEXCEPT_IS(x)
+#if defined(__APPLE__) && defined(__apple_build_version__) && (__clang_major__ < 10)
+#   undef CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS
+#elif defined(__clang__) && (__clang_major__ < 5)
+#   undef CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS
 #endif
 
-// nullptr support
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#   define CATCH_NULL nullptr
-#else
-#   define CATCH_NULL NULL
+#if !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS)
+#   define CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS
 #endif
 
-// override support
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
-#   define CATCH_OVERRIDE override
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+#define CATCH_TRY if ((true))
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ALL if ((false))
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ANON(type) if ((false))
 #else
-#   define CATCH_OVERRIDE
+#define CATCH_TRY try
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ALL catch (...)
+#define CATCH_CATCH_ANON(type) catch (type)
 #endif
 
-// unique_ptr support
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#   define CATCH_AUTO_PTR( T ) std::unique_ptr<T>
-#else
-#   define CATCH_AUTO_PTR( T ) std::auto_ptr<T>
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR)
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
 #endif
 
+// end catch_compiler_capabilities.h
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE2( name, line ) name##line
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE( name, line ) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE2( name, line )
 #ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_COUNTER
@@ -378,95 +469,48 @@
 #  define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( name ) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME_LINE( name, __LINE__ )
 #endif
 
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIFY2( expr ) #expr
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIFY( expr ) INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIFY2( expr )
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <string>
+#include <cstdint>
 
-#include <sstream>
-#include <algorithm>
+// We need a dummy global operator<< so we can bring it into Catch namespace later
+struct Catch_global_namespace_dummy {};
+std::ostream& operator<<(std::ostream&, Catch_global_namespace_dummy);
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct IConfig;
-
     struct CaseSensitive { enum Choice {
         Yes,
         No
     }; };
 
     class NonCopyable {
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
         NonCopyable( NonCopyable const& )              = delete;
         NonCopyable( NonCopyable && )                  = delete;
         NonCopyable& operator = ( NonCopyable const& ) = delete;
         NonCopyable& operator = ( NonCopyable && )     = delete;
-#else
-        NonCopyable( NonCopyable const& info );
-        NonCopyable& operator = ( NonCopyable const& );
-#endif
 
     protected:
-        NonCopyable() {}
+        NonCopyable();
         virtual ~NonCopyable();
     };
 
-    class SafeBool {
-    public:
-        typedef void (SafeBool::*type)() const;
-
-        static type makeSafe( bool value ) {
-            return value ? &SafeBool::trueValue : 0;
-        }
-    private:
-        void trueValue() const {}
-    };
-
-    template<typename ContainerT>
-    void deleteAll( ContainerT& container ) {
-        typename ContainerT::const_iterator it = container.begin();
-        typename ContainerT::const_iterator itEnd = container.end();
-        for(; it != itEnd; ++it )
-            delete *it;
-    }
-    template<typename AssociativeContainerT>
-    void deleteAllValues( AssociativeContainerT& container ) {
-        typename AssociativeContainerT::const_iterator it = container.begin();
-        typename AssociativeContainerT::const_iterator itEnd = container.end();
-        for(; it != itEnd; ++it )
-            delete it->second;
-    }
-
-    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& prefix );
-    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, char prefix );
-    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& suffix );
-    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, char suffix );
-    bool contains( std::string const& s, std::string const& infix );
-    void toLowerInPlace( std::string& s );
-    std::string toLower( std::string const& s );
-    std::string trim( std::string const& str );
-    bool replaceInPlace( std::string& str, std::string const& replaceThis, std::string const& withThis );
-
-    struct pluralise {
-        pluralise( std::size_t count, std::string const& label );
-
-        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, pluralise const& pluraliser );
+    struct SourceLineInfo {
 
-        std::size_t m_count;
-        std::string m_label;
-    };
+        SourceLineInfo() = delete;
+        SourceLineInfo( char const* _file, std::size_t _line ) noexcept
+        :   file( _file ),
+            line( _line )
+        {}
 
-    struct SourceLineInfo {
+        SourceLineInfo( SourceLineInfo const& other )            = default;
+        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo const& )     = default;
+        SourceLineInfo( SourceLineInfo&& )              noexcept = default;
+        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo&& ) noexcept = default;
 
-        SourceLineInfo();
-        SourceLineInfo( char const* _file, std::size_t _line );
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        SourceLineInfo(SourceLineInfo const& other)          = default;
-        SourceLineInfo( SourceLineInfo && )                  = default;
-        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo const& ) = default;
-        SourceLineInfo& operator = ( SourceLineInfo && )     = default;
-#  endif
-        bool empty() const;
-        bool operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const;
-        bool operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const;
+        bool empty() const noexcept { return file[0] == '\0'; }
+        bool operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept;
+        bool operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept;
 
         char const* file;
         std::size_t line;
@@ -474,24 +518,17 @@ namespace Catch {
 
     std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, SourceLineInfo const& info );
 
-    // This is just here to avoid compiler warnings with macro constants and boolean literals
-    inline bool isTrue( bool value ){ return value; }
-    inline bool alwaysTrue() { return true; }
-    inline bool alwaysFalse() { return false; }
-
-    void throwLogicError( std::string const& message, SourceLineInfo const& locationInfo );
-
-    void seedRng( IConfig const& config );
-    unsigned int rngSeed();
+    // Bring in operator<< from global namespace into Catch namespace
+    // This is necessary because the overload of operator<< above makes
+    // lookup stop at namespace Catch
+    using ::operator<<;
 
     // Use this in variadic streaming macros to allow
     //    >> +StreamEndStop
     // as well as
     //    >> stuff +StreamEndStop
     struct StreamEndStop {
-        std::string operator+() {
-            return std::string();
-        }
+        std::string operator+() const;
     };
     template<typename T>
     T const& operator + ( T const& value, StreamEndStop ) {
@@ -499,363 +536,812 @@ namespace Catch {
     }
 }
 
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ::Catch::SourceLineInfo( __FILE__, static_cast<std::size_t>( __LINE__ ) )
-#define CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( msg ) ::Catch::throwLogicError( msg, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO );
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO \
+    ::Catch::SourceLineInfo( __FILE__, static_cast<std::size_t>( __LINE__ ) )
 
+// end catch_common.h
 namespace Catch {
 
-    class NotImplementedException : public std::exception
-    {
-    public:
-        NotImplementedException( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
-
-        virtual ~NotImplementedException() CATCH_NOEXCEPT {}
-
-        virtual const char* what() const CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
-
-    private:
-        std::string m_what;
-        SourceLineInfo m_lineInfo;
+    struct RegistrarForTagAliases {
+        RegistrarForTagAliases( char const* alias, char const* tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
     };
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define CATCH_NOT_IMPLEMENTED throw Catch::NotImplementedException( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO )
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_TAG_ALIAS( alias, spec ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+    namespace{ Catch::RegistrarForTagAliases INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( AutoRegisterTagAlias )( alias, spec, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_context.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CONTEXT_H_INCLUDED
+// end catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.h
+// start catch_test_registry.h
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_generators.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_GENERATORS_H_INCLUDED
+// start catch_interfaces_testcase.h
 
-#include <string>
+#include <vector>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct IGeneratorInfo {
-        virtual ~IGeneratorInfo();
-        virtual bool moveNext() = 0;
-        virtual std::size_t getCurrentIndex() const = 0;
+    class TestSpec;
+
+    struct ITestInvoker {
+        virtual void invoke () const = 0;
+        virtual ~ITestInvoker();
     };
 
-    struct IGeneratorsForTest {
-        virtual ~IGeneratorsForTest();
+    class TestCase;
+    struct IConfig;
 
-        virtual IGeneratorInfo& getGeneratorInfo( std::string const& fileInfo, std::size_t size ) = 0;
-        virtual bool moveNext() = 0;
+    struct ITestCaseRegistry {
+        virtual ~ITestCaseRegistry();
+        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const = 0;
+        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const = 0;
     };
 
-    IGeneratorsForTest* createGeneratorsForTest();
+    bool isThrowSafe( TestCase const& testCase, IConfig const& config );
+    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config );
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+}
 
-// #included from: catch_ptr.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_PTR_HPP_INCLUDED
+// end catch_interfaces_testcase.h
+// start catch_stringref.h
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
-#endif
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <cassert>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    // An intrusive reference counting smart pointer.
-    // T must implement addRef() and release() methods
-    // typically implementing the IShared interface
-    template<typename T>
-    class Ptr {
+    /// A non-owning string class (similar to the forthcoming std::string_view)
+    /// Note that, because a StringRef may be a substring of another string,
+    /// it may not be null terminated.
+    class StringRef {
     public:
-        Ptr() : m_p( CATCH_NULL ){}
-        Ptr( T* p ) : m_p( p ){
-            if( m_p )
-                m_p->addRef();
-        }
-        Ptr( Ptr const& other ) : m_p( other.m_p ){
-            if( m_p )
-                m_p->addRef();
-        }
-        ~Ptr(){
-            if( m_p )
-                m_p->release();
-        }
-        void reset() {
-            if( m_p )
-                m_p->release();
-            m_p = CATCH_NULL;
-        }
-        Ptr& operator = ( T* p ){
-            Ptr temp( p );
-            swap( temp );
-            return *this;
-        }
-        Ptr& operator = ( Ptr const& other ){
-            Ptr temp( other );
-            swap( temp );
-            return *this;
-        }
-        void swap( Ptr& other ) { std::swap( m_p, other.m_p ); }
-        T* get() const{ return m_p; }
-        T& operator*() const { return *m_p; }
-        T* operator->() const { return m_p; }
-        bool operator !() const { return m_p == CATCH_NULL; }
-        operator SafeBool::type() const { return SafeBool::makeSafe( m_p != CATCH_NULL ); }
+        using size_type = std::size_t;
+        using const_iterator = const char*;
 
     private:
-        T* m_p;
-    };
+        static constexpr char const* const s_empty = "";
 
-    struct IShared : NonCopyable {
-        virtual ~IShared();
-        virtual void addRef() const = 0;
-        virtual void release() const = 0;
-    };
+        char const* m_start = s_empty;
+        size_type m_size = 0;
+
+    public: // construction
+        constexpr StringRef() noexcept = default;
 
-    template<typename T = IShared>
-    struct SharedImpl : T {
+        StringRef( char const* rawChars ) noexcept;
 
-        SharedImpl() : m_rc( 0 ){}
+        constexpr StringRef( char const* rawChars, size_type size ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( rawChars ),
+            m_size( size )
+        {}
+
+        StringRef( std::string const& stdString ) noexcept
+        :   m_start( stdString.c_str() ),
+            m_size( stdString.size() )
+        {}
 
-        virtual void addRef() const {
-            ++m_rc;
+        explicit operator std::string() const {
+            return std::string(m_start, m_size);
         }
-        virtual void release() const {
-            if( --m_rc == 0 )
-                delete this;
+
+    public: // operators
+        auto operator == ( StringRef const& other ) const noexcept -> bool;
+        auto operator != (StringRef const& other) const noexcept -> bool {
+            return !(*this == other);
         }
 
-        mutable unsigned int m_rc;
-    };
+        auto operator[] ( size_type index ) const noexcept -> char {
+            assert(index < m_size);
+            return m_start[index];
+        }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    public: // named queries
+        constexpr auto empty() const noexcept -> bool {
+            return m_size == 0;
+        }
+        constexpr auto size() const noexcept -> size_type {
+            return m_size;
+        }
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
+        // Returns the current start pointer. If the StringRef is not
+        // null-terminated, throws std::domain_exception
+        auto c_str() const -> char const*;
 
-namespace Catch {
+    public: // substrings and searches
+        // Returns a substring of [start, start + length).
+        // If start + length > size(), then the substring is [start, size()).
+        // If start > size(), then the substring is empty.
+        auto substr( size_type start, size_type length ) const noexcept -> StringRef;
 
-    class TestCase;
-    class Stream;
-    struct IResultCapture;
-    struct IRunner;
-    struct IGeneratorsForTest;
-    struct IConfig;
+        // Returns the current start pointer. May not be null-terminated.
+        auto data() const noexcept -> char const*;
 
-    struct IContext
-    {
-        virtual ~IContext();
+        constexpr auto isNullTerminated() const noexcept -> bool {
+            return m_start[m_size] == '\0';
+        }
 
-        virtual IResultCapture* getResultCapture() = 0;
-        virtual IRunner* getRunner() = 0;
-        virtual size_t getGeneratorIndex( std::string const& fileInfo, size_t totalSize ) = 0;
-        virtual bool advanceGeneratorsForCurrentTest() = 0;
-        virtual Ptr<IConfig const> getConfig() const = 0;
+    public: // iterators
+        constexpr const_iterator begin() const { return m_start; }
+        constexpr const_iterator end() const { return m_start + m_size; }
     };
 
-    struct IMutableContext : IContext
-    {
-        virtual ~IMutableContext();
-        virtual void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) = 0;
-        virtual void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) = 0;
-        virtual void setConfig( Ptr<IConfig const> const& config ) = 0;
-    };
+    auto operator += ( std::string& lhs, StringRef const& sr ) -> std::string&;
+    auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, StringRef const& sr ) -> std::ostream&;
 
-    IContext& getCurrentContext();
-    IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
-    void cleanUpContext();
-    Stream createStream( std::string const& streamName );
+    constexpr auto operator "" _sr( char const* rawChars, std::size_t size ) noexcept -> StringRef {
+        return StringRef( rawChars, size );
+    }
+} // namespace Catch
 
+constexpr auto operator "" _catch_sr( char const* rawChars, std::size_t size ) noexcept -> Catch::StringRef {
+    return Catch::StringRef( rawChars, size );
 }
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_test_registry.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_REGISTRY_HPP_INCLUDED
+// end catch_stringref.h
+// start catch_preprocessor.hpp
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_testcase.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_TESTCASE_H_INCLUDED
 
-#include <vector>
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(...) __VA_ARGS__
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL0(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL1(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL2(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL3(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL4(__VA_ARGS__)))
 
-namespace Catch {
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(...) __VA_ARGS__
+// MSVC needs more evaluations
+#define CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(...) CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#define CATCH_RECURSE(...)  CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL6(__VA_ARGS__))
+#else
+#define CATCH_RECURSE(...)  CATCH_RECURSION_LEVEL5(__VA_ARGS__)
+#endif
 
-    class TestSpec;
+#define CATCH_REC_END(...)
+#define CATCH_REC_OUT
+
+#define CATCH_EMPTY()
+#define CATCH_DEFER(id) id CATCH_EMPTY()
+
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END2() 0, CATCH_REC_END
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END1(...) CATCH_REC_GET_END2
+#define CATCH_REC_GET_END(...) CATCH_REC_GET_END1
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT0(test, next, ...) next CATCH_REC_OUT
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT1(test, next) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT0 ) ( test, next, 0)
+#define CATCH_REC_NEXT(test, next)  CATCH_REC_NEXT1(CATCH_REC_GET_END test, next)
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST0(f, x, peek, ...) , f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST1(f, x, peek, ...) , f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST0) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST2(f, x, peek, ...)   f(x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1) ) ( f, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST0_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...) , f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...) , f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST0_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST2_UD(f, userdata, x, peek, ...)   f(userdata, x) CATCH_DEFER ( CATCH_REC_NEXT(peek, CATCH_REC_LIST1_UD) ) ( f, userdata, peek, __VA_ARGS__ )
+
+// Applies the function macro `f` to each of the remaining parameters, inserts commas between the results,
+// and passes userdata as the first parameter to each invocation,
+// e.g. CATCH_REC_LIST_UD(f, x, a, b, c) evaluates to f(x, a), f(x, b), f(x, c)
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST_UD(f, userdata, ...) CATCH_RECURSE(CATCH_REC_LIST2_UD(f, userdata, __VA_ARGS__, ()()(), ()()(), ()()(), 0))
+
+#define CATCH_REC_LIST(f, ...) CATCH_RECURSE(CATCH_REC_LIST2(f, __VA_ARGS__, ()()(), ()()(), ()()(), 0))
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND1(param) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND2(param)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND2(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_NO## __VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF __VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NOINTERNAL_CATCH_DEF
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE2(__VA_ARGS__)
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE2(...) #__VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS(param) INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(param))
+#else
+// MSVC is adding extra space and needs another indirection to expand INTERNAL_CATCH_NOINTERNAL_CATCH_DEF
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE2(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE3(__VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE3(...) #__VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS(param) (INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(param)) + 1)
+#endif
 
-    struct ITestCase : IShared {
-        virtual void invoke () const = 0;
-    protected:
-        virtual ~ITestCase();
-    };
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE2(...) ns_##__VA_ARGS__
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(name) INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE2(name)
 
-    class TestCase;
-    struct IConfig;
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND1(INTERNAL_CATCH_DEF __VA_ARGS__)
 
-    struct ITestCaseRegistry {
-        virtual ~ITestCaseRegistry();
-        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const = 0;
-        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const = 0;
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST2(...) decltype(get_wrapper<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_GEN(__VA_ARGS__)>())
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST2(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(__VA_ARGS__))
+#else
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST2(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(decltype(get_wrapper<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_GEN(__VA_ARGS__)>()))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST2(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(__VA_ARGS__)))
+#endif
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LISTS_FROM_TYPES(...)\
+    CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LIST,__VA_ARGS__)
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_1_ARG(_0) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_2_ARG(_0, _1) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_1_ARG(_1)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_3_ARG(_0, _1, _2) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_2_ARG(_1, _2)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_4_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_3_ARG(_1, _2, _3)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_5_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_4_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_6_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_5_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_7_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_6_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_8_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_7_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_9_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_8_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_10_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_9_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_11_ARG(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10) INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(_0), INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_10_ARG(_1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10)
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL(_0, _1, _2, _3, _4, _5, _6, _7, _8, _9, _10, N, ...) N
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN\
+    template<typename...> struct TypeList {};\
+    template<typename...Ts>\
+    constexpr auto get_wrapper() noexcept -> TypeList<Ts...> { return {}; }\
+    template<template<typename...> class...> struct TemplateTypeList{};\
+    template<template<typename...> class...Cs>\
+    constexpr auto get_wrapper() noexcept -> TemplateTypeList<Cs...> { return {}; }\
+    template<typename...>\
+    struct append;\
+    template<typename...>\
+    struct rewrap;\
+    template<template<typename...> class, typename...>\
+    struct create;\
+    template<template<typename...> class, typename>\
+    struct convert;\
+    \
+    template<typename T> \
+    struct append<T> { using type = T; };\
+    template< template<typename...> class L1, typename...E1, template<typename...> class L2, typename...E2, typename...Rest>\
+    struct append<L1<E1...>, L2<E2...>, Rest...> { using type = typename append<L1<E1...,E2...>, Rest...>::type; };\
+    template< template<typename...> class L1, typename...E1, typename...Rest>\
+    struct append<L1<E1...>, TypeList<mpl_::na>, Rest...> { using type = L1<E1...>; };\
+    \
+    template< template<typename...> class Container, template<typename...> class List, typename...elems>\
+    struct rewrap<TemplateTypeList<Container>, List<elems...>> { using type = TypeList<Container<elems...>>; };\
+    template< template<typename...> class Container, template<typename...> class List, class...Elems, typename...Elements>\
+    struct rewrap<TemplateTypeList<Container>, List<Elems...>, Elements...> { using type = typename append<TypeList<Container<Elems...>>, typename rewrap<TemplateTypeList<Container>, Elements...>::type>::type; };\
+    \
+    template<template <typename...> class Final, template< typename...> class...Containers, typename...Types>\
+    struct create<Final, TemplateTypeList<Containers...>, TypeList<Types...>> { using type = typename append<Final<>, typename rewrap<TemplateTypeList<Containers>, Types...>::type...>::type; };\
+    template<template <typename...> class Final, template <typename...> class List, typename...Ts>\
+    struct convert<Final, List<Ts...>> { using type = typename append<Final<>,TypeList<Ts>...>::type; };
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> struct Nttp{};\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    constexpr auto get_wrapper() noexcept -> Nttp<__VA_ARGS__> { return {}; } \
+    template<template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class...> struct NttpTemplateTypeList{};\
+    template<template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class...Cs>\
+    constexpr auto get_wrapper() noexcept -> NttpTemplateTypeList<Cs...> { return {}; } \
+    \
+    template< template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class Container, template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class List, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    struct rewrap<NttpTemplateTypeList<Container>, List<__VA_ARGS__>> { using type = TypeList<Container<__VA_ARGS__>>; };\
+    template< template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class Container, template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class List, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature), typename...Elements>\
+    struct rewrap<NttpTemplateTypeList<Container>, List<__VA_ARGS__>, Elements...> { using type = typename append<TypeList<Container<__VA_ARGS__>>, typename rewrap<NttpTemplateTypeList<Container>, Elements...>::type>::type; };\
+    template<template <typename...> class Final, template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> class...Containers, typename...Types>\
+    struct create<Final, NttpTemplateTypeList<Containers...>, TypeList<Types...>> { using type = typename append<Final<>, typename rewrap<NttpTemplateTypeList<Containers>, Types...>::type...>::type; };
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST0(TestName)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST1(TestName, signature)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    static void TestName()
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X(TestName, signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    static void TestName()
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST0(TestName)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST1(TestName, signature)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    static void TestName()
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X(TestName, signature,...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    static void TestName()
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER0(TestFunc, signature)\
+    template<typename Type>\
+    void reg_test(TypeList<Type>, Catch::NameAndTags nameAndTags)\
+    {\
+        Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker(&TestFunc<Type>), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), nameAndTags);\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER(TestFunc, signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    void reg_test(Nttp<__VA_ARGS__>, Catch::NameAndTags nameAndTags)\
+    {\
+        Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker(&TestFunc<__VA_ARGS__>), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), nameAndTags);\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD0(TestName, signature, ...)\
+    template<typename Type>\
+    void reg_test(TypeList<Type>, Catch::StringRef className, Catch::NameAndTags nameAndTags)\
+    {\
+        Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker(&TestName<Type>::test), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, className, nameAndTags);\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD(TestName, signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)>\
+    void reg_test(Nttp<__VA_ARGS__>, Catch::StringRef className, Catch::NameAndTags nameAndTags)\
+    {\
+        Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker(&TestName<__VA_ARGS__>::test), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, className, nameAndTags);\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0(TestName, ClassName)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1(TestName, ClassName, signature)\
+    template<typename TestType> \
+    struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName)<TestType> { \
+        void test();\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X(TestName, ClassName, signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> \
+    struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName)<__VA_ARGS__> { \
+        void test();\
+    }
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0(TestName)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1(TestName, signature)\
+    template<typename TestType> \
+    void INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName)::TestName<TestType>::test()
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X(TestName, signature, ...)\
+    template<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(signature)> \
+    void INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName)::TestName<__VA_ARGS__>::test()
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_0
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(__VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(__VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(__VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(__VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1(__VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1( __VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1( __VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1( __VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1( __VA_ARGS__),INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1( __VA_ARGS__), INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_0)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ClassName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0)(TestName, ClassName, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_METHOD_GEN(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD0, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_GEN(TestFunc, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER0, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER0)(TestFunc, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_GEN(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_11_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_10_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_9_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_8_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_7_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_6_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_5_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_4_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_3_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_2_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_1_ARG)(__VA_ARGS__)
+#else
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_0(signature)
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1,INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_1, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_0)( __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ClassName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD0)(TestName, ClassName, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_METHOD_GEN(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD0, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER_METHOD0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_GEN(TestFunc, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER0, INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REGISTER0)(TestFunc, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST(TestName, ...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL( "dummy", __VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X,INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_X, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST1, INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST0)(TestName, __VA_ARGS__))
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_GEN(...) INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS(INTERNAL_CATCH_VA_NARGS_IMPL(__VA_ARGS__, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_11_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_10_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_9_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_8_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_7_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_6_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_5_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_4_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_3_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_2_ARG,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS_1_ARG)(__VA_ARGS__))
+#endif
+
+// end catch_preprocessor.hpp
+// start catch_meta.hpp
+
+
+#include <type_traits>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    template<typename T>
+    struct always_false : std::false_type {};
+
+    template <typename> struct true_given : std::true_type {};
+    struct is_callable_tester {
+        template <typename Fun, typename... Args>
+        true_given<decltype(std::declval<Fun>()(std::declval<Args>()...))> static test(int);
+        template <typename...>
+        std::false_type static test(...);
     };
 
-    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
-    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
-    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config );
+    template <typename T>
+    struct is_callable;
+
+    template <typename Fun, typename... Args>
+    struct is_callable<Fun(Args...)> : decltype(is_callable_tester::test<Fun, Args...>(0)) {};
 
+#if defined(__cpp_lib_is_invocable) && __cpp_lib_is_invocable >= 201703
+    // std::result_of is deprecated in C++17 and removed in C++20. Hence, it is
+    // replaced with std::invoke_result here.
+    template <typename Func, typename... U>
+    using FunctionReturnType = std::remove_reference_t<std::remove_cv_t<std::invoke_result_t<Func, U...>>>;
+#else
+    // Keep ::type here because we still support C++11
+    template <typename Func, typename... U>
+    using FunctionReturnType = typename std::remove_reference<typename std::remove_cv<typename std::result_of<Func(U...)>::type>::type>::type;
+#endif
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+namespace mpl_{
+    struct na;
 }
 
+// end catch_meta.hpp
 namespace Catch {
 
 template<typename C>
-class MethodTestCase : public SharedImpl<ITestCase> {
-
+class TestInvokerAsMethod : public ITestInvoker {
+    void (C::*m_testAsMethod)();
 public:
-    MethodTestCase( void (C::*method)() ) : m_method( method ) {}
+    TestInvokerAsMethod( void (C::*testAsMethod)() ) noexcept : m_testAsMethod( testAsMethod ) {}
 
-    virtual void invoke() const {
+    void invoke() const override {
         C obj;
-        (obj.*m_method)();
+        (obj.*m_testAsMethod)();
     }
-
-private:
-    virtual ~MethodTestCase() {}
-
-    void (C::*m_method)();
 };
 
-typedef void(*TestFunction)();
+auto makeTestInvoker( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept -> ITestInvoker*;
 
-struct NameAndDesc {
-    NameAndDesc( const char* _name = "", const char* _description= "" )
-    : name( _name ), description( _description )
-    {}
+template<typename C>
+auto makeTestInvoker( void (C::*testAsMethod)() ) noexcept -> ITestInvoker* {
+    return new(std::nothrow) TestInvokerAsMethod<C>( testAsMethod );
+}
 
-    const char* name;
-    const char* description;
+struct NameAndTags {
+    NameAndTags( StringRef const& name_ = StringRef(), StringRef const& tags_ = StringRef() ) noexcept;
+    StringRef name;
+    StringRef tags;
 };
 
-void registerTestCase
-    (   ITestCase* testCase,
-        char const* className,
-        NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc,
-        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
-
-struct AutoReg {
-
-    AutoReg
-        (   TestFunction function,
-            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-            NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc );
-
-    template<typename C>
-    AutoReg
-        (   void (C::*method)(),
-            char const* className,
-            NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc,
-            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) {
+struct AutoReg : NonCopyable {
+    AutoReg( ITestInvoker* invoker, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, StringRef const& classOrMethod, NameAndTags const& nameAndTags ) noexcept;
+    ~AutoReg();
+};
 
-        registerTestCase
-            (   new MethodTestCase<C>( method ),
-                className,
-                nameAndDesc,
-                lineInfo );
-    }
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-    ~AutoReg();
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ... ) \
+        static void TestName()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION( TestName, ClassName, ... ) \
+        namespace{                        \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName) { \
+                void test();              \
+            };                            \
+        }                                 \
+        void TestName::test()
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION_2( TestName, TestFunc, Name, Tags, Signature, ... )  \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST(TestFunc, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION_2( TestNameClass, TestName, ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... )    \
+        namespace{                                                                                  \
+            namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName) {                                      \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ClassName, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature));\
+        }                                                                                           \
+        }                                                                                           \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))
+
+    #ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION(Name, Tags, ...) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename TestType, __VA_ARGS__ )
+    #else
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION(Name, Tags, ...) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename TestType, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+    #endif
 
-private:
-    AutoReg( AutoReg const& );
-    void operator= ( AutoReg const& );
-};
+    #ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_SIG_NO_REGISTRATION(Name, Tags, Signature, ...) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ )
+    #else
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_SIG_NO_REGISTRATION(Name, Tags, Signature, ...) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+    #endif
 
-void registerTestCaseFunction
-    (   TestFunction function,
-        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-        NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc );
+    #ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ )
+    #else
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+    #endif
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    #ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG_NO_REGISTRATION( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... ) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ )
+    #else
+        #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG_NO_REGISTRATION( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... ) \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_NO_REGISTRATION_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+    #endif
+#endif
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( TestName, ... ) \
         static void TestName(); \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( &TestName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::NameAndDesc( __VA_ARGS__ ) ); } /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); } /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
         static void TestName()
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE( ... ) \
         INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), __VA_ARGS__ )
 
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_METHOD_AS_TEST_CASE( QualifiedMethod, ... ) \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( &QualifiedMethod, "&" #QualifiedMethod, Catch::NameAndDesc( __VA_ARGS__ ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); } /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &QualifiedMethod ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, "&" #QualifiedMethod, Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); } /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( TestName, ClassName, ... )\
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
         namespace{ \
-            struct TestName : ClassName{ \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName) { \
                 void test(); \
             }; \
-            Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar ) ( &TestName::test, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndDesc( __VA_ARGS__ ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); /* NOLINT */ \
+            Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar ) ( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName::test ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); /* NOLINT */ \
         } \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
         void TestName::test()
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, ... ) \
         INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), ClassName, __VA_ARGS__ )
 
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
     #define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_TESTCASE( Function, ... ) \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        Catch::AutoReg( Function, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::NameAndDesc( __VA_ARGS__ ) ); /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( Catch::makeTestInvoker( Function ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ __VA_ARGS__ } ); /* NOLINT */ \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 
-#else
     ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( TestName, Name, Desc ) \
-        static void TestName(); \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( &TestName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::NameAndDesc( Name, Desc ) ); } /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        static void TestName()
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE( Name, Desc ) \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_TESTCASE2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), Name, Desc )
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2(TestName, TestFunc, Name, Tags, Signature, ... )\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST(TestFunc, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature));\
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName){\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_GEN(TestFunc,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))\
+            template<typename...Types> \
+            struct TestName{\
+                TestName(){\
+                    int index = 0;                                    \
+                    constexpr char const* tmpl_types[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, __VA_ARGS__)};\
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    (void)expander{(reg_test(Types{}, Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(tmpl_types[index]), Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){\
+            TestName<INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LISTS_FROM_TYPES(__VA_ARGS__)>();\
+            return 0;\
+        }();\
+        }\
+        }\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST(TestFunc,INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename TestType, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename TestType, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_METHOD_AS_TEST_CASE( QualifiedMethod, Name, Desc ) \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        namespace{ Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar )( &QualifiedMethod, "&" #QualifiedMethod, Catch::NameAndDesc( Name, Desc ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); } /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_SIG(Name, Tags, Signature, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_SIG(Name, Tags, Signature, ...) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( TestCaseName, ClassName, TestName, Desc )\
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        namespace{ \
-            struct TestCaseName : ClassName{ \
-                void test(); \
-            }; \
-            Catch::AutoReg INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( autoRegistrar ) ( &TestCaseName::test, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndDesc( TestName, Desc ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); /* NOLINT */ \
-        } \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        void TestCaseName::test()
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, TestName, Desc )\
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_CASE_METHOD2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_S_T____ ), ClassName, TestName, Desc )
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE2(TestName, TestFuncName, Name, Tags, Signature, TmplTypes, TypesList) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION                      \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS                      \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS                \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS              \
+        template<typename TestType> static void TestFuncName();       \
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName) {                                     \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN                                                  \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))         \
+            template<typename... Types>                               \
+            struct TestName {                                         \
+                void reg_tests() {                                          \
+                    int index = 0;                                    \
+                    using expander = int[];                           \
+                    constexpr char const* tmpl_types[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TmplTypes))};\
+                    constexpr char const* types_list[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TypesList))};\
+                    constexpr auto num_types = sizeof(types_list) / sizeof(types_list[0]);\
+                    (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestFuncName<Types> ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(tmpl_types[index / num_types]) + "<" + std::string(types_list[index % num_types]) + ">", Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */\
+                }                                                     \
+            };                                                        \
+            static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){ \
+                using TestInit = typename create<TestName, decltype(get_wrapper<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TmplTypes)>()), TypeList<INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LISTS_FROM_TYPES(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TypesList))>>::type; \
+                TestInit t;                                           \
+                t.reg_tests();                                        \
+                return 0;                                             \
+            }();                                                      \
+        }                                                             \
+        }                                                             \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION                       \
+        template<typename TestType>                                   \
+        static void TestFuncName()
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...)\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE2(INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename T,__VA_ARGS__)
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, ...)\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_TESTCASE( Function, Name, Desc ) \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS \
-        Catch::AutoReg( Function, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::NameAndDesc( Name, Desc ) ); /* NOLINT */ \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_SIG(Name, Tags, Signature, ...)\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE2(INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__)
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_SIG(Name, Tags, Signature, ...)\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
+
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE_2(TestName, TestFunc, Name, Tags, TmplList)\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+        template<typename TestType> static void TestFunc();       \
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName){\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN\
+        template<typename... Types>                               \
+        struct TestName {                                         \
+            void reg_tests() {                                          \
+                int index = 0;                                    \
+                using expander = int[];                           \
+                (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestFunc<Types> ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(TmplList)) + " - " + std::to_string(index), Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */\
+            }                                                     \
+        };\
+        static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){ \
+                using TestInit = typename convert<TestName, TmplList>::type; \
+                TestInit t;                                           \
+                t.reg_tests();                                        \
+                return 0;                                             \
+            }();                                                      \
+        }}\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION                       \
+        template<typename TestType>                                   \
+        static void TestFunc()
+
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE(Name, Tags, TmplList) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), Name, Tags, TmplList )
+
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( TestNameClass, TestName, ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... ) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName){ \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_DECLARE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, ClassName, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature));\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_REG_METHOD_GEN(TestName, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))\
+            template<typename...Types> \
+            struct TestNameClass{\
+                TestNameClass(){\
+                    int index = 0;                                    \
+                    constexpr char const* tmpl_types[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, __VA_ARGS__)};\
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    (void)expander{(reg_test(Types{}, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(tmpl_types[index]), Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){\
+                TestNameClass<INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LISTS_FROM_TYPES(__VA_ARGS__)>();\
+                return 0;\
+        }();\
+        }\
+        }\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_DEFINE_SIG_TEST_METHOD(TestName, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags,... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____C_L_A_S_S____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ) , ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
 #endif
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_capture.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CAPTURE_HPP_INCLUDED
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2(TestNameClass, TestName, ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, TmplTypes, TypesList)\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ZERO_VARIADIC_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+            struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName <TestType>) { \
+                void test();\
+            };\
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestNameClass) {\
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN                  \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_NTTP_GEN(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(Signature))\
+            template<typename...Types>\
+            struct TestNameClass{\
+                void reg_tests(){\
+                    int index = 0;\
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    constexpr char const* tmpl_types[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TmplTypes))};\
+                    constexpr char const* types_list[] = {CATCH_REC_LIST(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE_WITHOUT_PARENS, INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TypesList))};\
+                    constexpr auto num_types = sizeof(types_list) / sizeof(types_list[0]);\
+                    (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName<Types>::test ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(tmpl_types[index / num_types]) + "<" + std::string(types_list[index % num_types]) + ">", Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){\
+                using TestInit = typename create<TestNameClass, decltype(get_wrapper<INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TmplTypes)>()), TypeList<INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_TYPE_LISTS_FROM_TYPES(INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(TypesList))>>::type;\
+                TestInit t;\
+                t.reg_tests();\
+                return 0;\
+            }(); \
+        }\
+        }\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        void TestName<TestType>::test()
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags, ... )\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD( ClassName, Name, Tags, ... )\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), ClassName, Name, Tags, typename T,__VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
-// #included from: catch_result_builder.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_RESULT_BUILDER_H_INCLUDED
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_TRADITIONAL_MSVC_PREPROCESSOR
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... )\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, __VA_ARGS__ )
+#else
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_SIG( ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature, ... )\
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_EXPAND_VARGS( INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_PRODUCT_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), ClassName, Name, Tags, Signature,__VA_ARGS__ ) )
+#endif
 
-// #included from: catch_result_type.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_RESULT_TYPE_H_INCLUDED
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( TestNameClass, TestName, ClassName, Name, Tags, TmplList) \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_TEMPLATE_WARNINGS \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        struct TestName : INTERNAL_CATCH_REMOVE_PARENS(ClassName <TestType>) { \
+            void test();\
+        };\
+        namespace {\
+        namespace INTERNAL_CATCH_MAKE_NAMESPACE(TestName){ \
+            INTERNAL_CATCH_TYPE_GEN\
+            template<typename...Types>\
+            struct TestNameClass{\
+                void reg_tests(){\
+                    int index = 0;\
+                    using expander = int[];\
+                    (void)expander{(Catch::AutoReg( Catch::makeTestInvoker( &TestName<Types>::test ), CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, #ClassName, Catch::NameAndTags{ Name " - " + std::string(INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(TmplList)) + " - " + std::to_string(index), Tags } ), index++)... };/* NOLINT */ \
+                }\
+            };\
+            static int INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( globalRegistrar ) = [](){\
+                using TestInit = typename convert<TestNameClass, TmplList>::type;\
+                TestInit t;\
+                t.reg_tests();\
+                return 0;\
+            }(); \
+        }}\
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        template<typename TestType> \
+        void TestName<TestType>::test()
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE_METHOD(ClassName, Name, Tags, TmplList) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TEMPLATE_LIST_TEST_CASE_METHOD_2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____ ), INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( ____C_A_T_C_H____T_E_M_P_L_A_T_E____T_E_S_T____F_U_N_C____ ), ClassName, Name, Tags, TmplList )
+
+// end catch_test_registry.h
+// start catch_capture.hpp
+
+// start catch_assertionhandler.h
+
+// start catch_assertioninfo.h
+
+// start catch_result_type.h
 
 namespace Catch {
 
@@ -880,12 +1366,8 @@ namespace Catch {
 
     }; };
 
-    inline bool isOk( ResultWas::OfType resultType ) {
-        return ( resultType & ResultWas::FailureBit ) == 0;
-    }
-    inline bool isJustInfo( int flags ) {
-        return flags == ResultWas::Info;
-    }
+    bool isOk( ResultWas::OfType resultType );
+    bool isJustInfo( int flags );
 
     // ResultDisposition::Flags enum
     struct ResultDisposition { enum Flags {
@@ -896,620 +1378,123 @@ namespace Catch {
         SuppressFail = 0x08         // Failures are reported but do not fail the test
     }; };
 
-    inline ResultDisposition::Flags operator | ( ResultDisposition::Flags lhs, ResultDisposition::Flags rhs ) {
-        return static_cast<ResultDisposition::Flags>( static_cast<int>( lhs ) | static_cast<int>( rhs ) );
-    }
+    ResultDisposition::Flags operator | ( ResultDisposition::Flags lhs, ResultDisposition::Flags rhs );
 
-    inline bool shouldContinueOnFailure( int flags )    { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::ContinueOnFailure ) != 0; }
-    inline bool isFalseTest( int flags )                { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::FalseTest ) != 0; }
-    inline bool shouldSuppressFailure( int flags )      { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::SuppressFail ) != 0; }
+    bool shouldContinueOnFailure( int flags );
+    inline bool isFalseTest( int flags ) { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::FalseTest ) != 0; }
+    bool shouldSuppressFailure( int flags );
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-// #included from: catch_assertionresult.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_ASSERTIONRESULT_H_INCLUDED
-
-#include <string>
-
+// end catch_result_type.h
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison;
-
-    struct DecomposedExpression
-    {
-        virtual ~DecomposedExpression() {}
-        virtual bool isBinaryExpression() const {
-            return false;
-        }
-        virtual void reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const = 0;
-
-        // Only simple binary comparisons can be decomposed.
-        // If more complex check is required then wrap sub-expressions in parentheses.
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator + ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator - ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator * ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator / ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator % ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator && ( T const& );
-        template<typename T> STATIC_ASSERT_Expression_Too_Complex_Please_Rewrite_As_Binary_Comparison& operator || ( T const& );
-
-    private:
-        DecomposedExpression& operator = (DecomposedExpression const&);
-    };
-
     struct AssertionInfo
     {
-        AssertionInfo();
-        AssertionInfo(  char const * _macroName,
-                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
-                        char const * _capturedExpression,
-                        ResultDisposition::Flags _resultDisposition,
-                        char const * _secondArg = "");
-
-        char const * macroName;
+        StringRef macroName;
         SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
-        char const * capturedExpression;
+        StringRef capturedExpression;
         ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition;
-        char const * secondArg;
-    };
-
-    struct AssertionResultData
-    {
-        AssertionResultData() : decomposedExpression( CATCH_NULL )
-                              , resultType( ResultWas::Unknown )
-                              , negated( false )
-                              , parenthesized( false ) {}
-
-        void negate( bool parenthesize ) {
-            negated = !negated;
-            parenthesized = parenthesize;
-            if( resultType == ResultWas::Ok )
-                resultType = ResultWas::ExpressionFailed;
-            else if( resultType == ResultWas::ExpressionFailed )
-                resultType = ResultWas::Ok;
-        }
-
-        std::string const& reconstructExpression() const {
-            if( decomposedExpression != CATCH_NULL ) {
-                decomposedExpression->reconstructExpression( reconstructedExpression );
-                if( parenthesized ) {
-                    reconstructedExpression.insert( 0, 1, '(' );
-                    reconstructedExpression.append( 1, ')' );
-                }
-                if( negated ) {
-                    reconstructedExpression.insert( 0, 1, '!' );
-                }
-                decomposedExpression = CATCH_NULL;
-            }
-            return reconstructedExpression;
-        }
 
-        mutable DecomposedExpression const* decomposedExpression;
-        mutable std::string reconstructedExpression;
-        std::string message;
-        ResultWas::OfType resultType;
-        bool negated;
-        bool parenthesized;
+        // We want to delete this constructor but a compiler bug in 4.8 means
+        // the struct is then treated as non-aggregate
+        //AssertionInfo() = delete;
     };
 
-    class AssertionResult {
-    public:
-        AssertionResult();
-        AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data );
-        ~AssertionResult();
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-         AssertionResult( AssertionResult const& )              = default;
-         AssertionResult( AssertionResult && )                  = default;
-         AssertionResult& operator = ( AssertionResult const& ) = default;
-         AssertionResult& operator = ( AssertionResult && )     = default;
-#  endif
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-        bool isOk() const;
-        bool succeeded() const;
-        ResultWas::OfType getResultType() const;
-        bool hasExpression() const;
-        bool hasMessage() const;
-        std::string getExpression() const;
-        std::string getExpressionInMacro() const;
-        bool hasExpandedExpression() const;
-        std::string getExpandedExpression() const;
-        std::string getMessage() const;
-        SourceLineInfo getSourceInfo() const;
-        std::string getTestMacroName() const;
-        void discardDecomposedExpression() const;
-        void expandDecomposedExpression() const;
+// end catch_assertioninfo.h
+// start catch_decomposer.h
 
-    protected:
-        AssertionInfo m_info;
-        AssertionResultData m_resultData;
-    };
+// start catch_tostring.h
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+#include <vector>
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <string>
+// start catch_stream.h
 
-// #included from: catch_matchers.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_MATCHERS_HPP_INCLUDED
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <ostream>
 
 namespace Catch {
-namespace Matchers {
-    namespace Impl {
-
-        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAllOf;
-        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAnyOf;
-        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchNotOf;
 
-        class MatcherUntypedBase {
-        public:
-            std::string toString() const {
-                if( m_cachedToString.empty() )
-                    m_cachedToString = describe();
-                return m_cachedToString;
-            }
+    std::ostream& cout();
+    std::ostream& cerr();
+    std::ostream& clog();
 
-        protected:
-            virtual ~MatcherUntypedBase();
-            virtual std::string describe() const = 0;
-            mutable std::string m_cachedToString;
-        private:
-            MatcherUntypedBase& operator = ( MatcherUntypedBase const& );
-        };
+    class StringRef;
 
-        template<typename ObjectT>
-        struct MatcherMethod {
-            virtual bool match( ObjectT const& arg ) const = 0;
-        };
-        template<typename PtrT>
-        struct MatcherMethod<PtrT*> {
-            virtual bool match( PtrT* arg ) const = 0;
-        };
+    struct IStream {
+        virtual ~IStream();
+        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
+    };
 
-        template<typename ObjectT, typename ComparatorT = ObjectT>
-        struct MatcherBase : MatcherUntypedBase, MatcherMethod<ObjectT> {
+    auto makeStream( StringRef const &filename ) -> IStream const*;
 
-            MatchAllOf<ComparatorT> operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
-            MatchAnyOf<ComparatorT> operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
-            MatchNotOf<ComparatorT> operator ! () const;
-        };
+    class ReusableStringStream : NonCopyable {
+        std::size_t m_index;
+        std::ostream* m_oss;
+    public:
+        ReusableStringStream();
+        ~ReusableStringStream();
 
-        template<typename ArgT>
-        struct MatchAllOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
-            virtual bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_matchers.size(); ++i ) {
-                    if (!m_matchers[i]->match(arg))
-                        return false;
-                }
-                return true;
-            }
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                std::string description;
-                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
-                description += "( ";
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_matchers.size(); ++i ) {
-                    if( i != 0 )
-                        description += " and ";
-                    description += m_matchers[i]->toString();
-                }
-                description += " )";
-                return description;
-            }
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
 
-            MatchAllOf<ArgT>& operator && ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
-                m_matchers.push_back( &other );
-                return *this;
-            }
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator << ( T const& value ) -> ReusableStringStream& {
+            *m_oss << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+        auto get() -> std::ostream& { return *m_oss; }
+    };
+}
 
-            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
-        };
-        template<typename ArgT>
-        struct MatchAnyOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+// end catch_stream.h
+// start catch_interfaces_enum_values_registry.h
 
-            virtual bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_matchers.size(); ++i ) {
-                    if (m_matchers[i]->match(arg))
-                        return true;
-                }
-                return false;
-            }
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                std::string description;
-                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
-                description += "( ";
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_matchers.size(); ++i ) {
-                    if( i != 0 )
-                        description += " or ";
-                    description += m_matchers[i]->toString();
-                }
-                description += " )";
-                return description;
-            }
+#include <vector>
 
-            MatchAnyOf<ArgT>& operator || ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
-                m_matchers.push_back( &other );
-                return *this;
-            }
+namespace Catch {
 
-            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
-        };
+    namespace Detail {
+        struct EnumInfo {
+            StringRef m_name;
+            std::vector<std::pair<int, StringRef>> m_values;
 
-        template<typename ArgT>
-        struct MatchNotOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+            ~EnumInfo();
 
-            MatchNotOf( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& underlyingMatcher ) : m_underlyingMatcher( underlyingMatcher ) {}
+            StringRef lookup( int value ) const;
+        };
+    } // namespace Detail
 
-            virtual bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return !m_underlyingMatcher.match( arg );
-            }
+    struct IMutableEnumValuesRegistry {
+        virtual ~IMutableEnumValuesRegistry();
 
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return "not " + m_underlyingMatcher.toString();
-            }
-            MatcherBase<ArgT> const& m_underlyingMatcher;
-        };
+        virtual Detail::EnumInfo const& registerEnum( StringRef enumName, StringRef allEnums, std::vector<int> const& values ) = 0;
 
-        template<typename ObjectT, typename ComparatorT>
-        MatchAllOf<ComparatorT> MatcherBase<ObjectT, ComparatorT>::operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
-            return MatchAllOf<ComparatorT>() && *this && other;
-        }
-        template<typename ObjectT, typename ComparatorT>
-        MatchAnyOf<ComparatorT> MatcherBase<ObjectT, ComparatorT>::operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
-            return MatchAnyOf<ComparatorT>() || *this || other;
-        }
-        template<typename ObjectT, typename ComparatorT>
-        MatchNotOf<ComparatorT> MatcherBase<ObjectT, ComparatorT>::operator ! () const {
-            return MatchNotOf<ComparatorT>( *this );
+        template<typename E>
+        Detail::EnumInfo const& registerEnum( StringRef enumName, StringRef allEnums, std::initializer_list<E> values ) {
+            static_assert(sizeof(int) >= sizeof(E), "Cannot serialize enum to int");
+            std::vector<int> intValues;
+            intValues.reserve( values.size() );
+            for( auto enumValue : values )
+                intValues.push_back( static_cast<int>( enumValue ) );
+            return registerEnum( enumName, allEnums, intValues );
         }
+    };
 
-    } // namespace Impl
+} // Catch
 
-    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
-    // This allows the types to be inferred
-    // - deprecated: prefer ||, && and !
-    template<typename T>
-    Impl::MatchNotOf<T> Not( Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& underlyingMatcher ) {
-        return Impl::MatchNotOf<T>( underlyingMatcher );
-    }
-    template<typename T>
-    Impl::MatchAllOf<T> AllOf( Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m1, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m2 ) {
-        return Impl::MatchAllOf<T>() && m1 && m2;
-    }
-    template<typename T>
-    Impl::MatchAllOf<T> AllOf( Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m1, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m2, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m3 ) {
-        return Impl::MatchAllOf<T>() && m1 && m2 && m3;
-    }
-    template<typename T>
-    Impl::MatchAnyOf<T> AnyOf( Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m1, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m2 ) {
-        return Impl::MatchAnyOf<T>() || m1 || m2;
-    }
-    template<typename T>
-    Impl::MatchAnyOf<T> AnyOf( Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m1, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m2, Impl::MatcherBase<T> const& m3 ) {
-        return Impl::MatchAnyOf<T>() || m1 || m2 || m3;
-    }
+// end catch_interfaces_enum_values_registry.h
 
-} // namespace Matchers
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+#include <string_view>
+#endif
 
-using namespace Matchers;
-using Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase;
-
-} // namespace Catch
-
-namespace Catch {
-
-    struct TestFailureException{};
-
-    template<typename T> class ExpressionLhs;
-
-    struct CopyableStream {
-        CopyableStream() {}
-        CopyableStream( CopyableStream const& other ) {
-            oss << other.oss.str();
-        }
-        CopyableStream& operator=( CopyableStream const& other ) {
-            oss.str(std::string());
-            oss << other.oss.str();
-            return *this;
-        }
-        std::ostringstream oss;
-    };
-
-    class ResultBuilder : public DecomposedExpression {
-    public:
-        ResultBuilder(  char const* macroName,
-                        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-                        char const* capturedExpression,
-                        ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition,
-                        char const* secondArg = "" );
-        ~ResultBuilder();
-
-        template<typename T>
-        ExpressionLhs<T const&> operator <= ( T const& operand );
-        ExpressionLhs<bool> operator <= ( bool value );
-
-        template<typename T>
-        ResultBuilder& operator << ( T const& value ) {
-            stream().oss << value;
-            return *this;
-        }
-
-        ResultBuilder& setResultType( ResultWas::OfType result );
-        ResultBuilder& setResultType( bool result );
-
-        void endExpression( DecomposedExpression const& expr );
-
-        virtual void reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-
-        AssertionResult build() const;
-        AssertionResult build( DecomposedExpression const& expr ) const;
-
-        void useActiveException( ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition = ResultDisposition::Normal );
-        void captureResult( ResultWas::OfType resultType );
-        void captureExpression();
-        void captureExpectedException( std::string const& expectedMessage );
-        void captureExpectedException( Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string> const& matcher );
-        void handleResult( AssertionResult const& result );
-        void react();
-        bool shouldDebugBreak() const;
-        bool allowThrows() const;
-
-        template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
-        void captureMatch( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher, char const* matcherString );
-
-        void setExceptionGuard();
-        void unsetExceptionGuard();
-
-    private:
-        AssertionInfo m_assertionInfo;
-        AssertionResultData m_data;
-
-        CopyableStream &stream()
-        {
-            if(!m_usedStream)
-            {
-                m_usedStream = true;
-                m_stream().oss.str("");
-            }
-            return m_stream();
-        }
-
-        static CopyableStream &m_stream()
-        {
-            static CopyableStream s;
-            return s;
-        }
-
-        bool m_shouldDebugBreak;
-        bool m_shouldThrow;
-        bool m_guardException;
-        bool m_usedStream;
-    };
-
-} // namespace Catch
-
-// Include after due to circular dependency:
-// #included from: catch_expression_lhs.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_EXPRESSION_LHS_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-// #included from: catch_evaluate.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_EVALUATE_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
-#pragma warning(push)
-#pragma warning(disable:4389) // '==' : signed/unsigned mismatch
-#pragma warning(disable:4018) // more "signed/unsigned mismatch"
-#pragma warning(disable:4312) // Converting int to T* using reinterpret_cast (issue on x64 platform)
-#endif
-
-#include <cstddef>
-
-namespace Catch {
-namespace Internal {
-
-    enum Operator {
-        IsEqualTo,
-        IsNotEqualTo,
-        IsLessThan,
-        IsGreaterThan,
-        IsLessThanOrEqualTo,
-        IsGreaterThanOrEqualTo
-    };
-
-    template<Operator Op> struct OperatorTraits             { static const char* getName(){ return "*error*"; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsEqualTo>             { static const char* getName(){ return "=="; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsNotEqualTo>          { static const char* getName(){ return "!="; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsLessThan>            { static const char* getName(){ return "<"; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsGreaterThan>         { static const char* getName(){ return ">"; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsLessThanOrEqualTo>   { static const char* getName(){ return "<="; } };
-    template<> struct OperatorTraits<IsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>{ static const char* getName(){ return ">="; } };
-
-    template<typename T>
-    T& opCast(T const& t) { return const_cast<T&>(t); }
-
-// nullptr_t support based on pull request #154 from Konstantin Baumann
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-    inline std::nullptr_t opCast(std::nullptr_t) { return nullptr; }
-#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-
-    // So the compare overloads can be operator agnostic we convey the operator as a template
-    // enum, which is used to specialise an Evaluator for doing the comparison.
-    template<typename T1, typename T2, Operator Op>
-    struct Evaluator{};
-
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsEqualTo> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) ==  opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsNotEqualTo> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) != opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsLessThan> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) < opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsGreaterThan> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) > opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsGreaterThanOrEqualTo> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) >= opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-    template<typename T1, typename T2>
-    struct Evaluator<T1, T2, IsLessThanOrEqualTo> {
-        static bool evaluate( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-            return bool( opCast( lhs ) <= opCast( rhs ) );
-        }
-    };
-
-    template<Operator Op, typename T1, typename T2>
-    bool applyEvaluator( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T1, T2, Op>::evaluate( lhs, rhs );
-    }
-
-    // This level of indirection allows us to specialise for integer types
-    // to avoid signed/ unsigned warnings
-
-    // "base" overload
-    template<Operator Op, typename T1, typename T2>
-    bool compare( T1 const& lhs, T2 const& rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T1, T2, Op>::evaluate( lhs, rhs );
-    }
-
-    // unsigned X to int
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned int lhs, int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned int>( rhs ) );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long lhs, int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned int>( rhs ) );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned char lhs, int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned int>( rhs ) );
-    }
-
-    // unsigned X to long
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned int lhs, long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned long>( rhs ) );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long lhs, long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned long>( rhs ) );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned char lhs, long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( lhs, static_cast<unsigned long>( rhs ) );
-    }
-
-    // int to unsigned X
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( int lhs, unsigned int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned int>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( int lhs, unsigned long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned int>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( int lhs, unsigned char rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned int>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-
-    // long to unsigned X
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long lhs, unsigned int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long lhs, unsigned long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long lhs, unsigned char rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-
-    // pointer to long (when comparing against NULL)
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( long lhs, T* rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( reinterpret_cast<T*>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( T* lhs, long rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( lhs, reinterpret_cast<T*>( rhs ) );
-    }
-
-    // pointer to int (when comparing against NULL)
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( int lhs, T* rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( reinterpret_cast<T*>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( T* lhs, int rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( lhs, reinterpret_cast<T*>( rhs ) );
-    }
-
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-    // long long to unsigned X
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long long lhs, unsigned int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long long lhs, unsigned long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long long lhs, unsigned long long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( long long lhs, unsigned char rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<unsigned long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-
-    // unsigned long long to X
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long long lhs, int rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long long lhs, long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long long lhs, long long rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op> bool compare( unsigned long long lhs, char rhs ) {
-        return applyEvaluator<Op>( static_cast<long>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-
-    // pointer to long long (when comparing against NULL)
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( long long lhs, T* rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( reinterpret_cast<T*>( lhs ), rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( T* lhs, long long rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( lhs, reinterpret_cast<T*>( rhs ) );
-    }
-#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-    // pointer to nullptr_t (when comparing against nullptr)
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( std::nullptr_t, T* rhs ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( nullptr, rhs );
-    }
-    template<Operator Op, typename T> bool compare( T* lhs, std::nullptr_t ) {
-        return Evaluator<T*, T*, Op>::evaluate( lhs, nullptr );
-    }
-#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-
-} // end of namespace Internal
-} // end of namespace Catch
-
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
-#pragma warning(pop)
-#endif
-
-// #included from: catch_tostring.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TOSTRING_H_INCLUDED
-
-#include <sstream>
-#include <iomanip>
-#include <limits>
-#include <vector>
-#include <cstddef>
-
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-// #included from: catch_objc_arc.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OBJC_ARC_HPP_INCLUDED
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+// start catch_objc_arc.hpp
 
 #import <Foundation/Foundation.h>
 
@@ -1551,863 +1536,1319 @@ inline id performOptionalSelector( id obj, SEL sel ) {
 #define CATCH_ARC_STRONG __strong
 #endif
 
+// end catch_objc_arc.hpp
 #endif
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
-#include <tuple>
-#endif
-
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM
-#include <type_traits>
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4180) // We attempt to stream a function (address) by const&, which MSVC complains about but is harmless
 #endif
 
 namespace Catch {
+    namespace Detail {
 
-// Why we're here.
-template<typename T>
-std::string toString( T const& value );
+        extern const std::string unprintableString;
+
+        std::string rawMemoryToString( const void *object, std::size_t size );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        std::string rawMemoryToString( const T& object ) {
+          return rawMemoryToString( &object, sizeof(object) );
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        class IsStreamInsertable {
+            template<typename Stream, typename U>
+            static auto test(int)
+                -> decltype(std::declval<Stream&>() << std::declval<U>(), std::true_type());
+
+            template<typename, typename>
+            static auto test(...)->std::false_type;
+
+        public:
+            static const bool value = decltype(test<std::ostream, const T&>(0))::value;
+        };
+
+        template<typename E>
+        std::string convertUnknownEnumToString( E e );
 
-// Built in overloads
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            !std::is_enum<T>::value && !std::is_base_of<std::exception, T>::value,
+        std::string>::type convertUnstreamable( T const& ) {
+            return Detail::unprintableString;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            !std::is_enum<T>::value && std::is_base_of<std::exception, T>::value,
+         std::string>::type convertUnstreamable(T const& ex) {
+            return ex.what();
+        }
 
-std::string toString( std::string const& value );
-std::string toString( std::wstring const& value );
-std::string toString( const char* const value );
-std::string toString( char* const value );
-std::string toString( const wchar_t* const value );
-std::string toString( wchar_t* const value );
-std::string toString( int value );
-std::string toString( unsigned long value );
-std::string toString( unsigned int value );
-std::string toString( const double value );
-std::string toString( const float value );
-std::string toString( bool value );
-std::string toString( char value );
-std::string toString( signed char value );
-std::string toString( unsigned char value );
+        template<typename T>
+        typename std::enable_if<
+            std::is_enum<T>::value
+        , std::string>::type convertUnstreamable( T const& value ) {
+            return convertUnknownEnumToString( value );
+        }
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-std::string toString( long long value );
-std::string toString( unsigned long long value );
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+        //! Convert a CLR string to a utf8 std::string
+        template<typename T>
+        std::string clrReferenceToString( T^ ref ) {
+            if (ref == nullptr)
+                return std::string("null");
+            auto bytes = System::Text::Encoding::UTF8->GetBytes(ref->ToString());
+            cli::pin_ptr<System::Byte> p = &bytes[0];
+            return std::string(reinterpret_cast<char const *>(p), bytes->Length);
+        }
 #endif
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-std::string toString( std::nullptr_t );
+    } // namespace Detail
+
+    // If we decide for C++14, change these to enable_if_ts
+    template <typename T, typename = void>
+    struct StringMaker {
+        template <typename Fake = T>
+        static
+        typename std::enable_if<::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<Fake>::value, std::string>::type
+            convert(const Fake& value) {
+                ReusableStringStream rss;
+                // NB: call using the function-like syntax to avoid ambiguity with
+                // user-defined templated operator<< under clang.
+                rss.operator<<(value);
+                return rss.str();
+        }
+
+        template <typename Fake = T>
+        static
+        typename std::enable_if<!::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<Fake>::value, std::string>::type
+            convert( const Fake& value ) {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FALLBACK_STRINGIFIER)
+            return Detail::convertUnstreamable(value);
+#else
+            return CATCH_CONFIG_FALLBACK_STRINGIFIER(value);
 #endif
+        }
+    };
 
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-    std::string toString( NSString const * const& nsstring );
-    std::string toString( NSString * CATCH_ARC_STRONG & nsstring );
-    std::string toString( NSObject* const& nsObject );
+    namespace Detail {
+
+        // This function dispatches all stringification requests inside of Catch.
+        // Should be preferably called fully qualified, like ::Catch::Detail::stringify
+        template <typename T>
+        std::string stringify(const T& e) {
+            return ::Catch::StringMaker<typename std::remove_cv<typename std::remove_reference<T>::type>::type>::convert(e);
+        }
+
+        template<typename E>
+        std::string convertUnknownEnumToString( E e ) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<typename std::underlying_type<E>::type>(e));
+        }
+
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+        template <typename T>
+        std::string stringify( T^ e ) {
+            return ::Catch::StringMaker<T^>::convert(e);
+        }
 #endif
 
-namespace Detail {
+    } // namespace Detail
 
-    extern const std::string unprintableString;
+    // Some predefined specializations
 
- #if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_STREAM_INSERTABLE_CHECK)
-    struct BorgType {
-        template<typename T> BorgType( T const& );
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::string> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::string& str);
     };
 
-    struct TrueType { char sizer[1]; };
-    struct FalseType { char sizer[2]; };
-
-    TrueType& testStreamable( std::ostream& );
-    FalseType testStreamable( FalseType );
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::string_view> {
+        static std::string convert(std::string_view str);
+    };
+#endif
 
-    FalseType operator<<( std::ostream const&, BorgType const& );
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char const *> {
+        static std::string convert(char const * str);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char *> {
+        static std::string convert(char * str);
+    };
 
-    template<typename T>
-    struct IsStreamInsertable {
-        static std::ostream &s;
-        static T  const&t;
-        enum { value = sizeof( testStreamable(s << t) ) == sizeof( TrueType ) };
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::wstring> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::wstring& wstr);
     };
-#else
-    template<typename T>
-    class IsStreamInsertable {
-        template<typename SS, typename TT>
-        static auto test(int)
-        -> decltype( std::declval<SS&>() << std::declval<TT>(), std::true_type() );
 
-        template<typename, typename>
-        static auto test(...) -> std::false_type;
+# ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::wstring_view> {
+        static std::string convert(std::wstring_view str);
+    };
+# endif
 
-    public:
-        static const bool value = decltype(test<std::ostream,const T&>(0))::value;
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<wchar_t const *> {
+        static std::string convert(wchar_t const * str);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<wchar_t *> {
+        static std::string convert(wchar_t * str);
     };
 #endif
 
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM)
-    template<typename T,
-             bool IsEnum = std::is_enum<T>::value
-             >
-    struct EnumStringMaker
-    {
-        static std::string convert( T const& ) { return unprintableString; }
+    // TBD: Should we use `strnlen` to ensure that we don't go out of the buffer,
+    //      while keeping string semantics?
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ str });
+        }
     };
-
-    template<typename T>
-    struct EnumStringMaker<T,true>
-    {
-        static std::string convert( T const& v )
-        {
-            return ::Catch::toString(
-                static_cast<typename std::underlying_type<T>::type>(v)
-                );
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<signed char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(signed char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ reinterpret_cast<char const *>(str) });
         }
     };
-#endif
-    template<bool C>
-    struct StringMakerBase {
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_IS_ENUM)
-        template<typename T>
-        static std::string convert( T const& v )
-        {
-            return EnumStringMaker<T>::convert( v );
+    template<int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned char[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned char const* str) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ reinterpret_cast<char const *>(str) });
         }
-#else
-        template<typename T>
-        static std::string convert( T const& ) { return unprintableString; }
-#endif
     };
 
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE)
     template<>
-    struct StringMakerBase<true> {
-        template<typename T>
-        static std::string convert( T const& _value ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << _value;
-            return oss.str();
-        }
+    struct StringMaker<std::byte> {
+        static std::string convert(std::byte value);
+    };
+#endif // defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE)
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<int> {
+        static std::string convert(int value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<long> {
+        static std::string convert(long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<long long> {
+        static std::string convert(long long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned int> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned int value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned long> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned long value);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned long long> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned long long value);
     };
 
-    std::string rawMemoryToString( const void *object, std::size_t size );
-
-    template<typename T>
-    std::string rawMemoryToString( const T& object ) {
-      return rawMemoryToString( &object, sizeof(object) );
-    }
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<bool> {
+        static std::string convert(bool b);
+    };
 
-} // end namespace Detail
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<char> {
+        static std::string convert(char c);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<signed char> {
+        static std::string convert(signed char c);
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<unsigned char> {
+        static std::string convert(unsigned char c);
+    };
 
-template<typename T>
-struct StringMaker :
-    Detail::StringMakerBase<Detail::IsStreamInsertable<T>::value> {};
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::nullptr_t> {
+        static std::string convert(std::nullptr_t);
+    };
 
-template<typename T>
-struct StringMaker<T*> {
-    template<typename U>
-    static std::string convert( U* p ) {
-        if( !p )
-            return "NULL";
-        else
-            return Detail::rawMemoryToString( p );
-    }
-};
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<float> {
+        static std::string convert(float value);
+        static int precision;
+    };
 
-template<typename R, typename C>
-struct StringMaker<R C::*> {
-    static std::string convert( R C::* p ) {
-        if( !p )
-            return "NULL";
-        else
-            return Detail::rawMemoryToString( p );
-    }
-};
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<double> {
+        static std::string convert(double value);
+        static int precision;
+    };
 
-namespace Detail {
-    template<typename InputIterator>
-    std::string rangeToString( InputIterator first, InputIterator last );
-}
-
-//template<typename T, typename Allocator>
-//struct StringMaker<std::vector<T, Allocator> > {
-//    static std::string convert( std::vector<T,Allocator> const& v ) {
-//        return Detail::rangeToString( v.begin(), v.end() );
-//    }
-//};
-
-template<typename T, typename Allocator>
-std::string toString( std::vector<T,Allocator> const& v ) {
-    return Detail::rangeToString( v.begin(), v.end() );
-}
-
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
-
-// toString for tuples
-namespace TupleDetail {
-  template<
-      typename Tuple,
-      std::size_t N = 0,
-      bool = (N < std::tuple_size<Tuple>::value)
-      >
-  struct ElementPrinter {
-      static void print( const Tuple& tuple, std::ostream& os )
-      {
-          os << ( N ? ", " : " " )
-             << Catch::toString(std::get<N>(tuple));
-          ElementPrinter<Tuple,N+1>::print(tuple,os);
-      }
-  };
-
-  template<
-      typename Tuple,
-      std::size_t N
-      >
-  struct ElementPrinter<Tuple,N,false> {
-      static void print( const Tuple&, std::ostream& ) {}
-  };
-
-}
+    template <typename T>
+    struct StringMaker<T*> {
+        template <typename U>
+        static std::string convert(U* p) {
+            if (p) {
+                return ::Catch::Detail::rawMemoryToString(p);
+            } else {
+                return "nullptr";
+            }
+        }
+    };
 
-template<typename ...Types>
-struct StringMaker<std::tuple<Types...>> {
+    template <typename R, typename C>
+    struct StringMaker<R C::*> {
+        static std::string convert(R C::* p) {
+            if (p) {
+                return ::Catch::Detail::rawMemoryToString(p);
+            } else {
+                return "nullptr";
+            }
+        }
+    };
 
-    static std::string convert( const std::tuple<Types...>& tuple )
-    {
-        std::ostringstream os;
-        os << '{';
-        TupleDetail::ElementPrinter<std::tuple<Types...>>::print( tuple, os );
-        os << " }";
-        return os.str();
-    }
-};
-#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TUPLE
+#if defined(_MANAGED)
+    template <typename T>
+    struct StringMaker<T^> {
+        static std::string convert( T^ ref ) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::clrReferenceToString(ref);
+        }
+    };
+#endif
 
-namespace Detail {
-    template<typename T>
-    std::string makeString( T const& value ) {
-        return StringMaker<T>::convert( value );
+    namespace Detail {
+        template<typename InputIterator, typename Sentinel = InputIterator>
+        std::string rangeToString(InputIterator first, Sentinel last) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "{ ";
+            if (first != last) {
+                rss << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(*first);
+                for (++first; first != last; ++first)
+                    rss << ", " << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(*first);
+            }
+            rss << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
     }
-} // end namespace Detail
 
-/// \brief converts any type to a string
-///
-/// The default template forwards on to ostringstream - except when an
-/// ostringstream overload does not exist - in which case it attempts to detect
-/// that and writes {?}.
-/// Overload (not specialise) this template for custom typs that you don't want
-/// to provide an ostream overload for.
-template<typename T>
-std::string toString( T const& value ) {
-    return StringMaker<T>::convert( value );
-}
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<NSString*> {
+        static std::string convert(NSString * nsstring) {
+            if (!nsstring)
+                return "nil";
+            return std::string("@") + [nsstring UTF8String];
+        }
+    };
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<NSObject*> {
+        static std::string convert(NSObject* nsObject) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify([nsObject description]);
+        }
 
+    };
     namespace Detail {
-    template<typename InputIterator>
-    std::string rangeToString( InputIterator first, InputIterator last ) {
-        std::ostringstream oss;
-        oss << "{ ";
-        if( first != last ) {
-            oss << Catch::toString( *first );
-            for( ++first ; first != last ; ++first )
-                oss << ", " << Catch::toString( *first );
-        }
-        oss << " }";
-        return oss.str();
-    }
-}
+        inline std::string stringify( NSString* nsstring ) {
+            return StringMaker<NSString*>::convert( nsstring );
+        }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    } // namespace Detail
+#endif // __OBJC__
 
-namespace Catch {
+} // namespace Catch
 
-template<typename LhsT, Internal::Operator Op, typename RhsT>
-class BinaryExpression;
+//////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Separate std-lib types stringification, so it can be selectively enabled
+// This means that we do not bring in
 
-template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
-class MatchExpression;
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_ALL_STRINGMAKERS)
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_OPTIONAL_STRINGMAKER
+#endif
 
-// Wraps the LHS of an expression and overloads comparison operators
-// for also capturing those and RHS (if any)
-template<typename T>
-class ExpressionLhs : public DecomposedExpression {
-public:
-    ExpressionLhs( ResultBuilder& rb, T lhs ) : m_rb( rb ), m_lhs( lhs ), m_truthy(false) {}
+// Separate std::pair specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <utility>
+namespace Catch {
+    template<typename T1, typename T2>
+    struct StringMaker<std::pair<T1, T2> > {
+        static std::string convert(const std::pair<T1, T2>& pair) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "{ "
+                << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(pair.first)
+                << ", "
+                << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(pair.second)
+                << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_PAIR_STRINGMAKER
 
-    ExpressionLhs& operator = ( const ExpressionLhs& );
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_OPTIONAL_STRINGMAKER) && defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_OPTIONAL)
+#include <optional>
+namespace Catch {
+    template<typename T>
+    struct StringMaker<std::optional<T> > {
+        static std::string convert(const std::optional<T>& optional) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            if (optional.has_value()) {
+                rss << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(*optional);
+            } else {
+                rss << "{ }";
+            }
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_OPTIONAL_STRINGMAKER
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsEqualTo, RhsT const&>
-    operator == ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+// Separate std::tuple specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <tuple>
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Detail {
+        template<
+            typename Tuple,
+            std::size_t N = 0,
+            bool = (N < std::tuple_size<Tuple>::value)
+            >
+            struct TupleElementPrinter {
+            static void print(const Tuple& tuple, std::ostream& os) {
+                os << (N ? ", " : " ")
+                    << ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::get<N>(tuple));
+                TupleElementPrinter<Tuple, N + 1>::print(tuple, os);
+            }
+        };
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsNotEqualTo, RhsT const&>
-    operator != ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsNotEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+        template<
+            typename Tuple,
+            std::size_t N
+        >
+            struct TupleElementPrinter<Tuple, N, false> {
+            static void print(const Tuple&, std::ostream&) {}
+        };
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsLessThan, RhsT const&>
-    operator < ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsLessThan>( rhs );
     }
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsGreaterThan, RhsT const&>
-    operator > ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsGreaterThan>( rhs );
-    }
+    template<typename ...Types>
+    struct StringMaker<std::tuple<Types...>> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::tuple<Types...>& tuple) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << '{';
+            Detail::TupleElementPrinter<std::tuple<Types...>>::print(tuple, rss.get());
+            rss << " }";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_TUPLE_STRINGMAKER
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsLessThanOrEqualTo, RhsT const&>
-    operator <= ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsLessThanOrEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER) && defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_VARIANT)
+#include <variant>
+namespace Catch {
+    template<>
+    struct StringMaker<std::monostate> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::monostate&) {
+            return "{ }";
+        }
+    };
 
-    template<typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsGreaterThanOrEqualTo, RhsT const&>
-    operator >= ( RhsT const& rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsGreaterThanOrEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+    template<typename... Elements>
+    struct StringMaker<std::variant<Elements...>> {
+        static std::string convert(const std::variant<Elements...>& variant) {
+            if (variant.valueless_by_exception()) {
+                return "{valueless variant}";
+            } else {
+                return std::visit(
+                    [](const auto& value) {
+                        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(value);
+                    },
+                    variant
+                );
+            }
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_VARIANT_STRINGMAKER
 
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsEqualTo, bool> operator == ( bool rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+namespace Catch {
+    // Import begin/ end from std here
+    using std::begin;
+    using std::end;
+
+    namespace detail {
+        template <typename...>
+        struct void_type {
+            using type = void;
+        };
 
-    BinaryExpression<T, Internal::IsNotEqualTo, bool> operator != ( bool rhs ) {
-        return captureExpression<Internal::IsNotEqualTo>( rhs );
-    }
+        template <typename T, typename = void>
+        struct is_range_impl : std::false_type {
+        };
 
-    void endExpression() {
-        m_truthy = m_lhs ? true : false;
-        m_rb
-            .setResultType( m_truthy )
-            .endExpression( *this );
-    }
+        template <typename T>
+        struct is_range_impl<T, typename void_type<decltype(begin(std::declval<T>()))>::type> : std::true_type {
+        };
+    } // namespace detail
 
-    virtual void reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        dest = Catch::toString( m_lhs );
-    }
+    template <typename T>
+    struct is_range : detail::is_range_impl<T> {
+    };
 
-private:
-    template<Internal::Operator Op, typename RhsT>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Op, RhsT&> captureExpression( RhsT& rhs ) const {
-        return BinaryExpression<T, Op, RhsT&>( m_rb, m_lhs, rhs );
+#if defined(_MANAGED) // Managed types are never ranges
+    template <typename T>
+    struct is_range<T^> {
+        static const bool value = false;
+    };
+#endif
+
+    template<typename Range>
+    std::string rangeToString( Range const& range ) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::rangeToString( begin( range ), end( range ) );
     }
 
-    template<Internal::Operator Op>
-    BinaryExpression<T, Op, bool> captureExpression( bool rhs ) const {
-        return BinaryExpression<T, Op, bool>( m_rb, m_lhs, rhs );
+    // Handle vector<bool> specially
+    template<typename Allocator>
+    std::string rangeToString( std::vector<bool, Allocator> const& v ) {
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << "{ ";
+        bool first = true;
+        for( bool b : v ) {
+            if( first )
+                first = false;
+            else
+                rss << ", ";
+            rss << ::Catch::Detail::stringify( b );
+        }
+        rss << " }";
+        return rss.str();
     }
 
-private:
-    ResultBuilder& m_rb;
-    T m_lhs;
-    bool m_truthy;
-};
+    template<typename R>
+    struct StringMaker<R, typename std::enable_if<is_range<R>::value && !::Catch::Detail::IsStreamInsertable<R>::value>::type> {
+        static std::string convert( R const& range ) {
+            return rangeToString( range );
+        }
+    };
 
-template<typename LhsT, Internal::Operator Op, typename RhsT>
-class BinaryExpression : public DecomposedExpression {
-public:
-    BinaryExpression( ResultBuilder& rb, LhsT lhs, RhsT rhs )
-        : m_rb( rb ), m_lhs( lhs ), m_rhs( rhs ) {}
+    template <typename T, int SZ>
+    struct StringMaker<T[SZ]> {
+        static std::string convert(T const(&arr)[SZ]) {
+            return rangeToString(arr);
+        }
+    };
 
-    BinaryExpression& operator = ( BinaryExpression& );
+} // namespace Catch
 
-    void endExpression() const {
-        m_rb
-            .setResultType( Internal::compare<Op>( m_lhs, m_rhs ) )
-            .endExpression( *this );
-    }
+// Separate std::chrono::duration specialization
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER)
+#include <ctime>
+#include <ratio>
+#include <chrono>
 
-    virtual bool isBinaryExpression() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        return true;
-    }
+namespace Catch {
 
-    virtual void reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        std::string lhs = Catch::toString( m_lhs );
-        std::string rhs = Catch::toString( m_rhs );
-        char delim = lhs.size() + rhs.size() < 40 &&
-                     lhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos &&
-                     rhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos ? ' ' : '\n';
-        dest.reserve( 7 + lhs.size() + rhs.size() );
-                   // 2 for spaces around operator
-                   // 2 for operator
-                   // 2 for parentheses (conditionally added later)
-                   // 1 for negation (conditionally added later)
-        dest = lhs;
-        dest += delim;
-        dest += Internal::OperatorTraits<Op>::getName();
-        dest += delim;
-        dest += rhs;
-    }
+template <class Ratio>
+struct ratio_string {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
 
-private:
-    ResultBuilder& m_rb;
-    LhsT m_lhs;
-    RhsT m_rhs;
+template <class Ratio>
+std::string ratio_string<Ratio>::symbol() {
+    Catch::ReusableStringStream rss;
+    rss << '[' << Ratio::num << '/'
+        << Ratio::den << ']';
+    return rss.str();
+}
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::atto> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::femto> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::pico> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::nano> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::micro> {
+    static std::string symbol();
+};
+template <>
+struct ratio_string<std::milli> {
+    static std::string symbol();
 };
 
-template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
-class MatchExpression : public DecomposedExpression {
-public:
-    MatchExpression( ArgT arg, MatcherT matcher, char const* matcherString )
-        : m_arg( arg ), m_matcher( matcher ), m_matcherString( matcherString ) {}
+    ////////////
+    // std::chrono::duration specializations
+    template<typename Value, typename Ratio>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, Ratio>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, Ratio> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << ' ' << ratio_string<Ratio>::symbol() << 's';
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<1>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<1>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " s";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<60>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<60>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " m";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
+    template<typename Value>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<3600>>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::duration<Value, std::ratio<3600>> const& duration) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << duration.count() << " h";
+            return rss.str();
+        }
+    };
 
-    virtual bool isBinaryExpression() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        return true;
-    }
+    ////////////
+    // std::chrono::time_point specialization
+    // Generic time_point cannot be specialized, only std::chrono::time_point<system_clock>
+    template<typename Clock, typename Duration>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::time_point<Clock, Duration> const& time_point) {
+            return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(time_point.time_since_epoch()) + " since epoch";
+        }
+    };
+    // std::chrono::time_point<system_clock> specialization
+    template<typename Duration>
+    struct StringMaker<std::chrono::time_point<std::chrono::system_clock, Duration>> {
+        static std::string convert(std::chrono::time_point<std::chrono::system_clock, Duration> const& time_point) {
+            auto converted = std::chrono::system_clock::to_time_t(time_point);
 
-    virtual void reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        std::string matcherAsString = m_matcher.toString();
-        dest = Catch::toString( m_arg );
-        dest += ' ';
-        if( matcherAsString == Detail::unprintableString )
-            dest += m_matcherString;
-        else
-            dest += matcherAsString;
-    }
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+            std::tm timeInfo = {};
+            gmtime_s(&timeInfo, &converted);
+#else
+            std::tm* timeInfo = std::gmtime(&converted);
+#endif
 
-private:
-    ArgT m_arg;
-    MatcherT m_matcher;
-    char const* m_matcherString;
-};
+            auto const timeStampSize = sizeof("2017-01-16T17:06:45Z");
+            char timeStamp[timeStampSize];
+            const char * const fmt = "%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ";
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+            std::strftime(timeStamp, timeStampSize, fmt, &timeInfo);
+#else
+            std::strftime(timeStamp, timeStampSize, fmt, timeInfo);
+#endif
+            return std::string(timeStamp);
+        }
+    };
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_ENUM( enumName, ... ) \
+namespace Catch { \
+    template<> struct StringMaker<enumName> { \
+        static std::string convert( enumName value ) { \
+            static const auto& enumInfo = ::Catch::getMutableRegistryHub().getMutableEnumValuesRegistry().registerEnum( #enumName, #__VA_ARGS__, { __VA_ARGS__ } ); \
+            return static_cast<std::string>(enumInfo.lookup( static_cast<int>( value ) )); \
+        } \
+    }; \
+}
 
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_ENUM( enumName, ... ) INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_ENUM( enumName, __VA_ARGS__ )
 
-namespace Catch {
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
 
-    template<typename T>
-    ExpressionLhs<T const&> ResultBuilder::operator <= ( T const& operand ) {
-        return ExpressionLhs<T const&>( *this, operand );
-    }
+// end catch_tostring.h
+#include <iosfwd>
 
-    inline ExpressionLhs<bool> ResultBuilder::operator <= ( bool value ) {
-        return ExpressionLhs<bool>( *this, value );
-    }
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4389) // '==' : signed/unsigned mismatch
+#pragma warning(disable:4018) // more "signed/unsigned mismatch"
+#pragma warning(disable:4312) // Converting int to T* using reinterpret_cast (issue on x64 platform)
+#pragma warning(disable:4180) // qualifier applied to function type has no meaning
+#pragma warning(disable:4800) // Forcing result to true or false
+#endif
 
-    template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
-    void ResultBuilder::captureMatch( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher,
-                                             char const* matcherString ) {
-        MatchExpression<ArgT const&, MatcherT const&> expr( arg, matcher, matcherString );
-        setResultType( matcher.match( arg ) );
-        endExpression( expr );
-    }
+namespace Catch {
 
-} // namespace Catch
+    struct ITransientExpression {
+        auto isBinaryExpression() const -> bool { return m_isBinaryExpression; }
+        auto getResult() const -> bool { return m_result; }
+        virtual void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const = 0;
 
-// #included from: catch_message.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_MESSAGE_H_INCLUDED
+        ITransientExpression( bool isBinaryExpression, bool result )
+        :   m_isBinaryExpression( isBinaryExpression ),
+            m_result( result )
+        {}
 
-#include <string>
+        // We don't actually need a virtual destructor, but many static analysers
+        // complain if it's not here :-(
+        virtual ~ITransientExpression();
 
-namespace Catch {
+        bool m_isBinaryExpression;
+        bool m_result;
 
-    struct MessageInfo {
-        MessageInfo(    std::string const& _macroName,
-                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
-                        ResultWas::OfType _type );
+    };
 
-        std::string macroName;
-        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
-        ResultWas::OfType type;
-        std::string message;
-        unsigned int sequence;
+    void formatReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os, std::string const& lhs, StringRef op, std::string const& rhs );
 
-        bool operator == ( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
-            return sequence == other.sequence;
-        }
-        bool operator < ( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
-            return sequence < other.sequence;
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    class BinaryExpr  : public ITransientExpression {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
+        StringRef m_op;
+        RhsT m_rhs;
+
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            formatReconstructedExpression
+                    ( os, Catch::Detail::stringify( m_lhs ), m_op, Catch::Detail::stringify( m_rhs ) );
         }
-    private:
-        static unsigned int globalCount;
-    };
 
-    struct MessageBuilder {
-        MessageBuilder( std::string const& macroName,
-                        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-                        ResultWas::OfType type )
-        : m_info( macroName, lineInfo, type )
+    public:
+        BinaryExpr( bool comparisonResult, LhsT lhs, StringRef op, RhsT rhs )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ true, comparisonResult },
+            m_lhs( lhs ),
+            m_op( op ),
+            m_rhs( rhs )
         {}
 
         template<typename T>
-        MessageBuilder& operator << ( T const& value ) {
-            m_stream << value;
-            return *this;
+        auto operator && ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
         }
 
-        MessageInfo m_info;
-        std::ostringstream m_stream;
-    };
-
-    class ScopedMessage {
-    public:
-        ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder );
-        ScopedMessage( ScopedMessage const& other );
-        ~ScopedMessage();
-
-        MessageInfo m_info;
-    };
-
-} // end namespace Catch
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator || ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_capture.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_CAPTURE_H_INCLUDED
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator == ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-#include <string>
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator != ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-namespace Catch {
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator > ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-    class TestCase;
-    class AssertionResult;
-    struct AssertionInfo;
-    struct SectionInfo;
-    struct SectionEndInfo;
-    struct MessageInfo;
-    class ScopedMessageBuilder;
-    struct Counts;
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator < ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-    struct IResultCapture {
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator >= ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
 
-        virtual ~IResultCapture();
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator <= ( T ) const -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<T>::value,
+            "chained comparisons are not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
+    };
 
-        virtual void assertionEnded( AssertionResult const& result ) = 0;
-        virtual bool sectionStarted(    SectionInfo const& sectionInfo,
-                                        Counts& assertions ) = 0;
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
-        virtual void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
-        virtual void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
-        virtual void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
+    template<typename LhsT>
+    class UnaryExpr : public ITransientExpression {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
 
-        virtual std::string getCurrentTestName() const = 0;
-        virtual const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const = 0;
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            os << Catch::Detail::stringify( m_lhs );
+        }
 
-        virtual void exceptionEarlyReported() = 0;
+    public:
+        explicit UnaryExpr( LhsT lhs )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ false, static_cast<bool>(lhs) },
+            m_lhs( lhs )
+        {}
+    };
 
-        virtual void handleFatalErrorCondition( std::string const& message ) = 0;
+    // Specialised comparison functions to handle equality comparisons between ints and pointers (NULL deduces as an int)
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    auto compareEqual( LhsT const& lhs, RhsT const& rhs ) -> bool { return static_cast<bool>(lhs == rhs); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( T* const& lhs, int rhs ) -> bool { return lhs == reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( T* const& lhs, long rhs ) -> bool { return lhs == reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( int lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) == rhs; }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareEqual( long lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) == rhs; }
 
-        virtual bool lastAssertionPassed() = 0;
-        virtual void assertionPassed() = 0;
-        virtual void assertionRun() = 0;
-    };
+    template<typename LhsT, typename RhsT>
+    auto compareNotEqual( LhsT const& lhs, RhsT&& rhs ) -> bool { return static_cast<bool>(lhs != rhs); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( T* const& lhs, int rhs ) -> bool { return lhs != reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( T* const& lhs, long rhs ) -> bool { return lhs != reinterpret_cast<void const*>( rhs ); }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( int lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) != rhs; }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto compareNotEqual( long lhs, T* const& rhs ) -> bool { return reinterpret_cast<void const*>( lhs ) != rhs; }
 
-    IResultCapture& getResultCapture();
-}
+    template<typename LhsT>
+    class ExprLhs {
+        LhsT m_lhs;
+    public:
+        explicit ExprLhs( LhsT lhs ) : m_lhs( lhs ) {}
 
-// #included from: catch_debugger.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_DEBUGGER_H_INCLUDED
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator == ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { compareEqual( m_lhs, rhs ), m_lhs, "==", rhs };
+        }
+        auto operator == ( bool rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, bool> const {
+            return { m_lhs == rhs, m_lhs, "==", rhs };
+        }
 
-// #included from: catch_platform.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_PLATFORM_H_INCLUDED
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator != ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { compareNotEqual( m_lhs, rhs ), m_lhs, "!=", rhs };
+        }
+        auto operator != ( bool rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, bool> const {
+            return { m_lhs != rhs, m_lhs, "!=", rhs };
+        }
 
-#if defined(__MAC_OS_X_VERSION_MIN_REQUIRED)
-#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
-#elif  defined(__IPHONE_OS_VERSION_MIN_REQUIRED)
-#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE
-#elif defined(linux) || defined(__linux) || defined(__linux__)
-#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX
-#elif defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER)
-#  define CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
-#  if !defined(NOMINMAX) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_NOMINMAX)
-#    define CATCH_DEFINES_NOMINMAX
-#  endif
-#  if !defined(WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN)
-#    define CATCH_DEFINES_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
-#  endif
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator > ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs > rhs), m_lhs, ">", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator < ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs < rhs), m_lhs, "<", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator >= ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs >= rhs), m_lhs, ">=", rhs };
+        }
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator <= ( RhsT const& rhs ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs <= rhs), m_lhs, "<=", rhs };
+        }
+        template <typename RhsT>
+        auto operator | (RhsT const& rhs) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs | rhs), m_lhs, "|", rhs };
+        }
+        template <typename RhsT>
+        auto operator & (RhsT const& rhs) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs & rhs), m_lhs, "&", rhs };
+        }
+        template <typename RhsT>
+        auto operator ^ (RhsT const& rhs) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            return { static_cast<bool>(m_lhs ^ rhs), m_lhs, "^", rhs };
+        }
+
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator && ( RhsT const& ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<RhsT>::value,
+            "operator&& is not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
+
+        template<typename RhsT>
+        auto operator || ( RhsT const& ) -> BinaryExpr<LhsT, RhsT const&> const {
+            static_assert(always_false<RhsT>::value,
+            "operator|| is not supported inside assertions, "
+            "wrap the expression inside parentheses, or decompose it");
+        }
+
+        auto makeUnaryExpr() const -> UnaryExpr<LhsT> {
+            return UnaryExpr<LhsT>{ m_lhs };
+        }
+    };
+
+    void handleExpression( ITransientExpression const& expr );
+
+    template<typename T>
+    void handleExpression( ExprLhs<T> const& expr ) {
+        handleExpression( expr.makeUnaryExpr() );
+    }
+
+    struct Decomposer {
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator <= ( T const& lhs ) -> ExprLhs<T const&> {
+            return ExprLhs<T const&>{ lhs };
+        }
+
+        auto operator <=( bool value ) -> ExprLhs<bool> {
+            return ExprLhs<bool>{ value };
+        }
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#pragma warning(pop)
 #endif
 
+// end catch_decomposer.h
+// start catch_interfaces_capture.h
+
 #include <string>
+#include <chrono>
 
-namespace Catch{
+namespace Catch {
 
-    bool isDebuggerActive();
-    void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text );
+    class AssertionResult;
+    struct AssertionInfo;
+    struct SectionInfo;
+    struct SectionEndInfo;
+    struct MessageInfo;
+    struct MessageBuilder;
+    struct Counts;
+    struct AssertionReaction;
+    struct SourceLineInfo;
+
+    struct ITransientExpression;
+    struct IGeneratorTracker;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+    struct BenchmarkInfo;
+    template <typename Duration = std::chrono::duration<double, std::nano>>
+    struct BenchmarkStats;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+    struct IResultCapture {
+
+        virtual ~IResultCapture();
+
+        virtual bool sectionStarted(    SectionInfo const& sectionInfo,
+                                        Counts& assertions ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) = 0;
+
+        virtual auto acquireGeneratorTracker( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& = 0;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        virtual void benchmarkPreparing( std::string const& name ) = 0;
+        virtual void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& info ) = 0;
+        virtual void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats<> const& stats ) = 0;
+        virtual void benchmarkFailed( std::string const& error ) = 0;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+        virtual void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
+        virtual void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void emplaceUnscopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void handleFatalErrorCondition( StringRef message ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void handleExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ITransientExpression const& expr,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleMessage
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    StringRef const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleUnexpectedInflightException
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    std::string const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleIncomplete
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info ) = 0;
+        virtual void handleNonExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    AssertionReaction &reaction ) = 0;
+
+        virtual bool lastAssertionPassed() = 0;
+        virtual void assertionPassed() = 0;
+
+        // Deprecated, do not use:
+        virtual std::string getCurrentTestName() const = 0;
+        virtual const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const = 0;
+        virtual void exceptionEarlyReported() = 0;
+    };
+
+    IResultCapture& getResultCapture();
 }
 
-#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+// end catch_interfaces_capture.h
+namespace Catch {
 
-    // The following code snippet based on:
-    // http://cocoawithlove.com/2008/03/break-into-debugger.html
-    #if defined(__ppc64__) || defined(__ppc__)
-        #define CATCH_TRAP() \
-                __asm__("li r0, 20\nsc\nnop\nli r0, 37\nli r4, 2\nsc\nnop\n" \
-                : : : "memory","r0","r3","r4" ) /* NOLINT */
-    #else
-        #define CATCH_TRAP() __asm__("int $3\n" : : /* NOLINT */ )
-    #endif
+    struct TestFailureException{};
+    struct AssertionResultData;
+    struct IResultCapture;
+    class RunContext;
 
-#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
-    // If we can use inline assembler, do it because this allows us to break
-    // directly at the location of the failing check instead of breaking inside
-    // raise() called from it, i.e. one stack frame below.
-    #if defined(__GNUC__) && (defined(__i386) || defined(__x86_64))
-        #define CATCH_TRAP() asm volatile ("int $3") /* NOLINT */
-    #else // Fall back to the generic way.
-        #include <signal.h>
+    class LazyExpression {
+        friend class AssertionHandler;
+        friend struct AssertionStats;
+        friend class RunContext;
 
-        #define CATCH_TRAP() raise(SIGTRAP)
-    #endif
-#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
-    #define CATCH_TRAP() __debugbreak()
-#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
-    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) void __stdcall DebugBreak();
-    #define CATCH_TRAP() DebugBreak()
-#endif
+        ITransientExpression const* m_transientExpression = nullptr;
+        bool m_isNegated;
+    public:
+        LazyExpression( bool isNegated );
+        LazyExpression( LazyExpression const& other );
+        LazyExpression& operator = ( LazyExpression const& ) = delete;
 
-#ifdef CATCH_TRAP
-    #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() if( Catch::isDebuggerActive() ) { CATCH_TRAP(); }
-#else
-    #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() Catch::alwaysTrue();
-#endif
+        explicit operator bool() const;
+
+        friend auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, LazyExpression const& lazyExpr ) -> std::ostream&;
+    };
+
+    struct AssertionReaction {
+        bool shouldDebugBreak = false;
+        bool shouldThrow = false;
+    };
+
+    class AssertionHandler {
+        AssertionInfo m_assertionInfo;
+        AssertionReaction m_reaction;
+        bool m_completed = false;
+        IResultCapture& m_resultCapture;
+
+    public:
+        AssertionHandler
+            (   StringRef const& macroName,
+                SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                StringRef capturedExpression,
+                ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition );
+        ~AssertionHandler() {
+            if ( !m_completed ) {
+                m_resultCapture.handleIncomplete( m_assertionInfo );
+            }
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        void handleExpr( ExprLhs<T> const& expr ) {
+            handleExpr( expr.makeUnaryExpr() );
+        }
+        void handleExpr( ITransientExpression const& expr );
+
+        void handleMessage(ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef const& message);
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_runner.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_RUNNER_H_INCLUDED
+        void handleExceptionThrownAsExpected();
+        void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown();
+        void handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected();
+        void handleThrowingCallSkipped();
+        void handleUnexpectedInflightException();
+
+        void complete();
+        void setCompleted();
+
+        // query
+        auto allowThrows() const -> bool;
+    };
+
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, std::string const& str, StringRef const& matcherString );
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_assertionhandler.h
+// start catch_message.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
 
 namespace Catch {
-    class TestCase;
 
-    struct IRunner {
-        virtual ~IRunner();
-        virtual bool aborting() const = 0;
+    struct MessageInfo {
+        MessageInfo(    StringRef const& _macroName,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                        ResultWas::OfType _type );
+
+        StringRef macroName;
+        std::string message;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+        ResultWas::OfType type;
+        unsigned int sequence;
+
+        bool operator == ( MessageInfo const& other ) const;
+        bool operator < ( MessageInfo const& other ) const;
+    private:
+        static unsigned int globalCount;
     };
-}
+
+    struct MessageStream {
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MessageStream& operator << ( T const& value ) {
+            m_stream << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        ReusableStringStream m_stream;
+    };
+
+    struct MessageBuilder : MessageStream {
+        MessageBuilder( StringRef const& macroName,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                        ResultWas::OfType type );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MessageBuilder& operator << ( T const& value ) {
+            m_stream << value;
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        MessageInfo m_info;
+    };
+
+    class ScopedMessage {
+    public:
+        explicit ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder );
+        ScopedMessage( ScopedMessage& duplicate ) = delete;
+        ScopedMessage( ScopedMessage&& old );
+        ~ScopedMessage();
+
+        MessageInfo m_info;
+        bool m_moved;
+    };
+
+    class Capturer {
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> m_messages;
+        IResultCapture& m_resultCapture = getResultCapture();
+        size_t m_captured = 0;
+    public:
+        Capturer( StringRef macroName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef names );
+        ~Capturer();
+
+        void captureValue( size_t index, std::string const& value );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        void captureValues( size_t index, T const& value ) {
+            captureValue( index, Catch::Detail::stringify( value ) );
+        }
+
+        template<typename T, typename... Ts>
+        void captureValues( size_t index, T const& value, Ts const&... values ) {
+            captureValue( index, Catch::Detail::stringify(value) );
+            captureValues( index+1, values... );
+        }
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_message.h
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
 
 #if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_STRINGIFICATION)
-# define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr) #expr
+  #define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(...) #__VA_ARGS__
 #else
-# define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr) "Disabled by CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_STRINGIFICATION"
+  #define CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(...) "Disabled by CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_STRINGIFICATION"
 #endif
 
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE)
-///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// We can speedup compilation significantly by breaking into debugger lower in
-// the callstack, because then we don't have to expand CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER
-// macro in each assertion
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( resultBuilder ) \
-    resultBuilder.react();
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE) || defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 // Another way to speed-up compilation is to omit local try-catch for REQUIRE*
 // macros.
-// This can potentially cause false negative, if the test code catches
-// the exception before it propagates back up to the runner.
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST_NO_TRY( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ) \
-    do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr), resultDisposition ); \
-        __catchResult.setExceptionGuard(); \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-        ( __catchResult <= expr ).endExpression(); \
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-        __catchResult.unsetExceptionGuard(); \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::isTrue( false && static_cast<bool>( !!(expr) ) ) ) // expr here is never evaluated at runtime but it forces the compiler to give it a look
-// The double negation silences MSVC's C4800 warning, the static_cast forces short-circuit evaluation if the type has overloaded &&.
-
-#define INTERNAL_CHECK_THAT_NO_TRY( macroName, matcher, resultDisposition, arg ) \
-    do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(arg) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
-        __catchResult.setExceptionGuard(); \
-        __catchResult.captureMatch( arg, matcher, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher) ); \
-        __catchResult.unsetExceptionGuard(); \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( capturer )
+
+#else // CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY try
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( handler ) catch(...) { handler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); }
 
-#else
-///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// In the event of a failure works out if the debugger needs to be invoked
-// and/or an exception thrown and takes appropriate action.
-// This needs to be done as a macro so the debugger will stop in the user
-// source code rather than in Catch library code
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( resultBuilder ) \
-    if( resultBuilder.shouldDebugBreak() ) CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER(); \
-    resultBuilder.react();
 #endif
 
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( handler ) handler.complete();
+
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ) \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
     do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr), resultDisposition ); \
-        try { \
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_IGNORE_BUT_WARN(__VA_ARGS__); \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY { \
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
             CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-            ( __catchResult <= expr ).endExpression(); \
-            CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_PARENTHESES_WARNINGS \
-        } \
-        catch( ... ) { \
-            __catchResult.useActiveException( resultDisposition ); \
-        } \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::isTrue( false && static_cast<bool>( !!(expr) ) ) ) // expr here is never evaluated at runtime but it forces the compiler to give it a look
-    // The double negation silences MSVC's C4800 warning, the static_cast forces short-circuit evaluation if the type has overloaded &&.
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::Decomposer() <= __VA_ARGS__ ); \
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+        } INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( (void)0, (false) && static_cast<bool>( !!(__VA_ARGS__) ) )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_IF( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ) \
-    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ); \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_IF( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
     if( Catch::getResultCapture().lastAssertionPassed() )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_ELSE( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ) \
-    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ); \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_ELSE( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    INTERNAL_CATCH_TEST( macroName, resultDisposition, __VA_ARGS__ ); \
     if( !Catch::getResultCapture().lastAssertionPassed() )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NO_THROW( macroName, resultDisposition, expr ) \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_NO_THROW( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
     do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr), resultDisposition ); \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition ); \
         try { \
-            static_cast<void>(expr); \
-            __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::Ok ); \
+            static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected(); \
         } \
         catch( ... ) { \
-            __catchResult.useActiveException( resultDisposition ); \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
         } \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS( macroName, resultDisposition, matcher, expr ) \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS( macroName, resultDisposition, ... ) \
     do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr), resultDisposition, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher) ); \
-        if( __catchResult.allowThrows() ) \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__), resultDisposition); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
             try { \
-                static_cast<void>(expr); \
-                __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::DidntThrowException ); \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
             } \
             catch( ... ) { \
-                __catchResult.captureExpectedException( matcher ); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionThrownAsExpected(); \
             } \
         else \
-            __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::Ok ); \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_AS( macroName, exceptionType, resultDisposition, expr ) \
     do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(exceptionType), resultDisposition ); \
-        if( __catchResult.allowThrows() ) \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(expr) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(exceptionType), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
             try { \
                 static_cast<void>(expr); \
-                __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::DidntThrowException ); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
             } \
-            catch( exceptionType ) { \
-                __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::Ok ); \
+            catch( exceptionType const& ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExceptionThrownAsExpected(); \
             } \
             catch( ... ) { \
-                __catchResult.useActiveException( resultDisposition ); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
             } \
         else \
-            __catchResult.captureResult( Catch::ResultWas::Ok ); \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_MSG( macroName, messageType, resultDisposition, ... ) \
-        do { \
-            Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, "", resultDisposition ); \
-            __catchResult << __VA_ARGS__ + ::Catch::StreamEndStop(); \
-            __catchResult.captureResult( messageType ); \
-            INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-        } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
-#else
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_MSG( macroName, messageType, resultDisposition, log ) \
-        do { \
-            Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, "", resultDisposition ); \
-            __catchResult << log + ::Catch::StreamEndStop(); \
-            __catchResult.captureResult( messageType ); \
-            INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-        } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
-#endif
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_MSG( macroName, messageType, resultDisposition, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::StringRef(), resultDisposition ); \
+        catchAssertionHandler.handleMessage( messageType, ( Catch::MessageStream() << __VA_ARGS__ + ::Catch::StreamEndStop() ).m_stream.str() ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_CAPTURE( varName, macroName, ... ) \
+    auto varName = Catch::Capturer( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info, #__VA_ARGS__ ); \
+    varName.captureValues( 0, __VA_ARGS__ )
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_INFO( macroName, log ) \
-    Catch::ScopedMessage INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( scopedMessage ) = Catch::MessageBuilder( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info ) << log;
+    Catch::ScopedMessage INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( scopedMessage )( Catch::MessageBuilder( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info ) << log );
 
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define INTERNAL_CHECK_THAT( macroName, matcher, resultDisposition, arg ) \
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_UNSCOPED_INFO( macroName, log ) \
+    Catch::getResultCapture().emplaceUnscopedMessage( Catch::MessageBuilder( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, Catch::ResultWas::Info ) << log )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// Although this is matcher-based, it can be used with just a string
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_STR_MATCHES( macroName, resultDisposition, matcher, ... ) \
     do { \
-        Catch::ResultBuilder __catchResult( macroName, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(arg) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
-        try { \
-            __catchResult.captureMatch( arg, matcher, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher) ); \
-        } catch( ... ) { \
-            __catchResult.useActiveException( resultDisposition | Catch::ResultDisposition::ContinueOnFailure ); \
-        } \
-        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( __catchResult ) \
-    } while( Catch::alwaysFalse() )
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                Catch::handleExceptionMatchExpr( catchAssertionHandler, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_section.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_SECTION_H_INCLUDED
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
 
-// #included from: catch_section_info.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_SECTION_INFO_H_INCLUDED
+// end catch_capture.hpp
+// start catch_section.h
 
-// #included from: catch_totals.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TOTALS_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch_section_info.h
+
+// start catch_totals.h
 
 #include <cstddef>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
     struct Counts {
-        Counts() : passed( 0 ), failed( 0 ), failedButOk( 0 ) {}
-
-        Counts operator - ( Counts const& other ) const {
-            Counts diff;
-            diff.passed = passed - other.passed;
-            diff.failed = failed - other.failed;
-            diff.failedButOk = failedButOk - other.failedButOk;
-            return diff;
-        }
-        Counts& operator += ( Counts const& other ) {
-            passed += other.passed;
-            failed += other.failed;
-            failedButOk += other.failedButOk;
-            return *this;
-        }
+        Counts operator - ( Counts const& other ) const;
+        Counts& operator += ( Counts const& other );
 
-        std::size_t total() const {
-            return passed + failed + failedButOk;
-        }
-        bool allPassed() const {
-            return failed == 0 && failedButOk == 0;
-        }
-        bool allOk() const {
-            return failed == 0;
-        }
+        std::size_t total() const;
+        bool allPassed() const;
+        bool allOk() const;
 
-        std::size_t passed;
-        std::size_t failed;
-        std::size_t failedButOk;
+        std::size_t passed = 0;
+        std::size_t failed = 0;
+        std::size_t failedButOk = 0;
     };
 
     struct Totals {
 
-        Totals operator - ( Totals const& other ) const {
-            Totals diff;
-            diff.assertions = assertions - other.assertions;
-            diff.testCases = testCases - other.testCases;
-            return diff;
-        }
-
-        Totals delta( Totals const& prevTotals ) const {
-            Totals diff = *this - prevTotals;
-            if( diff.assertions.failed > 0 )
-                ++diff.testCases.failed;
-            else if( diff.assertions.failedButOk > 0 )
-                ++diff.testCases.failedButOk;
-            else
-                ++diff.testCases.passed;
-            return diff;
-        }
+        Totals operator - ( Totals const& other ) const;
+        Totals& operator += ( Totals const& other );
 
-        Totals& operator += ( Totals const& other ) {
-            assertions += other.assertions;
-            testCases += other.testCases;
-            return *this;
-        }
+        Totals delta( Totals const& prevTotals ) const;
 
+        int error = 0;
         Counts assertions;
         Counts testCases;
     };
 }
 
+// end catch_totals.h
 #include <string>
 
 namespace Catch {
@@ -2415,19 +2856,20 @@ namespace Catch {
     struct SectionInfo {
         SectionInfo
             (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                std::string const& _name );
+
+        // Deprecated
+        SectionInfo
+            (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
                 std::string const& _name,
-                std::string const& _description = std::string() );
+                std::string const& ) : SectionInfo( _lineInfo, _name ) {}
 
         std::string name;
-        std::string description;
+        std::string description; // !Deprecated: this will always be empty
         SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
     };
 
     struct SectionEndInfo {
-        SectionEndInfo( SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo, Counts const& _prevAssertions, double _durationInSeconds )
-        : sectionInfo( _sectionInfo ), prevAssertions( _prevAssertions ), durationInSeconds( _durationInSeconds )
-        {}
-
         SectionInfo sectionInfo;
         Counts prevAssertions;
         double durationInSeconds;
@@ -2435,36 +2877,29 @@ namespace Catch {
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-// #included from: catch_timer.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TIMER_H_INCLUDED
+// end catch_section_info.h
+// start catch_timer.h
 
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
+#include <cstdint>
 
 namespace Catch {
-    typedef unsigned long long UInt64;
-}
-#else
-#include <stdint.h>
-namespace Catch {
-    typedef uint64_t UInt64;
-}
-#endif
 
-namespace Catch {
+    auto getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch() -> uint64_t;
+    auto getEstimatedClockResolution() -> uint64_t;
+
     class Timer {
+        uint64_t m_nanoseconds = 0;
     public:
-        Timer() : m_ticks( 0 ) {}
         void start();
-        unsigned int getElapsedMicroseconds() const;
-        unsigned int getElapsedMilliseconds() const;
-        double getElapsedSeconds() const;
-
-    private:
-        UInt64 m_ticks;
+        auto getElapsedNanoseconds() const -> uint64_t;
+        auto getElapsedMicroseconds() const -> uint64_t;
+        auto getElapsedMilliseconds() const -> unsigned int;
+        auto getElapsedSeconds() const -> double;
     };
 
 } // namespace Catch
 
+// end catch_timer.h
 #include <string>
 
 namespace Catch {
@@ -2475,7 +2910,7 @@ namespace Catch {
         ~Section();
 
         // This indicates whether the section should be executed or not
-        operator bool() const;
+        explicit operator bool() const;
 
     private:
         SectionInfo m_info;
@@ -2488,246 +2923,85 @@ namespace Catch {
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_SECTION( ... ) \
-        if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, __VA_ARGS__ ) )
-#else
-    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_SECTION( name, desc ) \
-        if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, name, desc ) )
-#endif
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_SECTION( ... ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+    if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, __VA_ARGS__ ) ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_generators.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_GENERATORS_HPP_INCLUDED
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_DYNAMIC_SECTION( ... ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_UNUSED_WARNINGS \
+    if( Catch::Section const& INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_Section ) = Catch::SectionInfo( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, (Catch::ReusableStringStream() << __VA_ARGS__).str() ) ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
+
+// end catch_section.h
+// start catch_interfaces_exception.h
+
+// start catch_interfaces_registry_hub.h
 
-#include <vector>
 #include <string>
-#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <memory>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-template<typename T>
-struct IGenerator {
-    virtual ~IGenerator() {}
-    virtual T getValue( std::size_t index ) const = 0;
-    virtual std::size_t size () const = 0;
-};
+    class TestCase;
+    struct ITestCaseRegistry;
+    struct IExceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+    struct IExceptionTranslator;
+    struct IReporterRegistry;
+    struct IReporterFactory;
+    struct ITagAliasRegistry;
+    struct IMutableEnumValuesRegistry;
 
-template<typename T>
-class BetweenGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
-public:
-    BetweenGenerator( T from, T to ) : m_from( from ), m_to( to ){}
+    class StartupExceptionRegistry;
 
-    virtual T getValue( std::size_t index ) const {
-        return m_from+static_cast<int>( index );
-    }
+    using IReporterFactoryPtr = std::shared_ptr<IReporterFactory>;
 
-    virtual std::size_t size() const {
-        return static_cast<std::size_t>( 1+m_to-m_from );
-    }
-
-private:
-
-    T m_from;
-    T m_to;
-};
-
-template<typename T>
-class ValuesGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
-public:
-    ValuesGenerator(){}
-
-    void add( T value ) {
-        m_values.push_back( value );
-    }
-
-    virtual T getValue( std::size_t index ) const {
-        return m_values[index];
-    }
-
-    virtual std::size_t size() const {
-        return m_values.size();
-    }
-
-private:
-    std::vector<T> m_values;
-};
-
-template<typename T>
-class CompositeGenerator {
-public:
-    CompositeGenerator() : m_totalSize( 0 ) {}
-
-    // *** Move semantics, similar to auto_ptr ***
-    CompositeGenerator( CompositeGenerator& other )
-    :   m_fileInfo( other.m_fileInfo ),
-        m_totalSize( 0 )
-    {
-        move( other );
-    }
-
-    CompositeGenerator& setFileInfo( const char* fileInfo ) {
-        m_fileInfo = fileInfo;
-        return *this;
-    }
-
-    ~CompositeGenerator() {
-        deleteAll( m_composed );
-    }
-
-    operator T () const {
-        size_t overallIndex = getCurrentContext().getGeneratorIndex( m_fileInfo, m_totalSize );
-
-        typename std::vector<const IGenerator<T>*>::const_iterator it = m_composed.begin();
-        typename std::vector<const IGenerator<T>*>::const_iterator itEnd = m_composed.end();
-        for( size_t index = 0; it != itEnd; ++it )
-        {
-            const IGenerator<T>* generator = *it;
-            if( overallIndex >= index && overallIndex < index + generator->size() )
-            {
-                return generator->getValue( overallIndex-index );
-            }
-            index += generator->size();
-        }
-        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Indexed past end of generated range" );
-        return T(); // Suppress spurious "not all control paths return a value" warning in Visual Studio - if you know how to fix this please do so
-    }
-
-    void add( const IGenerator<T>* generator ) {
-        m_totalSize += generator->size();
-        m_composed.push_back( generator );
-    }
-
-    CompositeGenerator& then( CompositeGenerator& other ) {
-        move( other );
-        return *this;
-    }
-
-    CompositeGenerator& then( T value ) {
-        ValuesGenerator<T>* valuesGen = new ValuesGenerator<T>();
-        valuesGen->add( value );
-        add( valuesGen );
-        return *this;
-    }
-
-private:
-
-    void move( CompositeGenerator& other ) {
-        m_composed.insert( m_composed.end(), other.m_composed.begin(), other.m_composed.end() );
-        m_totalSize += other.m_totalSize;
-        other.m_composed.clear();
-    }
-
-    std::vector<const IGenerator<T>*> m_composed;
-    std::string m_fileInfo;
-    size_t m_totalSize;
-};
-
-namespace Generators
-{
-    template<typename T>
-    CompositeGenerator<T> between( T from, T to ) {
-        CompositeGenerator<T> generators;
-        generators.add( new BetweenGenerator<T>( from, to ) );
-        return generators;
-    }
-
-    template<typename T>
-    CompositeGenerator<T> values( T val1, T val2 ) {
-        CompositeGenerator<T> generators;
-        ValuesGenerator<T>* valuesGen = new ValuesGenerator<T>();
-        valuesGen->add( val1 );
-        valuesGen->add( val2 );
-        generators.add( valuesGen );
-        return generators;
-    }
-
-    template<typename T>
-    CompositeGenerator<T> values( T val1, T val2, T val3 ){
-        CompositeGenerator<T> generators;
-        ValuesGenerator<T>* valuesGen = new ValuesGenerator<T>();
-        valuesGen->add( val1 );
-        valuesGen->add( val2 );
-        valuesGen->add( val3 );
-        generators.add( valuesGen );
-        return generators;
-    }
-
-    template<typename T>
-    CompositeGenerator<T> values( T val1, T val2, T val3, T val4 ) {
-        CompositeGenerator<T> generators;
-        ValuesGenerator<T>* valuesGen = new ValuesGenerator<T>();
-        valuesGen->add( val1 );
-        valuesGen->add( val2 );
-        valuesGen->add( val3 );
-        valuesGen->add( val4 );
-        generators.add( valuesGen );
-        return generators;
-    }
-
-} // end namespace Generators
-
-using namespace Generators;
-
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_LINESTR2( line ) #line
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_LINESTR( line ) INTERNAL_CATCH_LINESTR2( line )
-
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_GENERATE( expr ) expr.setFileInfo( __FILE__ "(" INTERNAL_CATCH_LINESTR( __LINE__ ) ")" )
-
-// #included from: internal/catch_interfaces_exception.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_EXCEPTION_H_INCLUDED
-
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
-
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_registry_hub.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_REGISTRY_HUB_H_INCLUDED
-
-#include <string>
-
-namespace Catch {
-
-    class TestCase;
-    struct ITestCaseRegistry;
-    struct IExceptionTranslatorRegistry;
-    struct IExceptionTranslator;
-    struct IReporterRegistry;
-    struct IReporterFactory;
-    struct ITagAliasRegistry;
-
-    struct IRegistryHub {
-        virtual ~IRegistryHub();
+    struct IRegistryHub {
+        virtual ~IRegistryHub();
 
         virtual IReporterRegistry const& getReporterRegistry() const = 0;
         virtual ITestCaseRegistry const& getTestCaseRegistry() const = 0;
         virtual ITagAliasRegistry const& getTagAliasRegistry() const = 0;
+        virtual IExceptionTranslatorRegistry const& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() const = 0;
 
-        virtual IExceptionTranslatorRegistry& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() = 0;
+        virtual StartupExceptionRegistry const& getStartupExceptionRegistry() const = 0;
     };
 
     struct IMutableRegistryHub {
         virtual ~IMutableRegistryHub();
-        virtual void registerReporter( std::string const& name, Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) = 0;
-        virtual void registerListener( Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) = 0;
         virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testInfo ) = 0;
         virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) = 0;
         virtual void registerTagAlias( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void registerStartupException() noexcept = 0;
+        virtual IMutableEnumValuesRegistry& getMutableEnumValuesRegistry() = 0;
     };
 
-    IRegistryHub& getRegistryHub();
+    IRegistryHub const& getRegistryHub();
     IMutableRegistryHub& getMutableRegistryHub();
     void cleanUp();
     std::string translateActiveException();
 
 }
 
-namespace Catch {
+// end catch_interfaces_registry_hub.h
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+    #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION_NO_REG( translatorName, signature) \
+        static std::string translatorName( signature )
+#endif
 
-    typedef std::string(*exceptionTranslateFunction)();
+#include <exception>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    using exceptionTranslateFunction = std::string(*)();
 
     struct IExceptionTranslator;
-    typedef std::vector<const IExceptionTranslator*> ExceptionTranslators;
+    using ExceptionTranslators = std::vector<std::unique_ptr<IExceptionTranslator const>>;
 
     struct IExceptionTranslator {
         virtual ~IExceptionTranslator();
@@ -2749,16 +3023,20 @@ namespace Catch {
             : m_translateFunction( translateFunction )
             {}
 
-            virtual std::string translate( ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator it, ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator itEnd ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
+            std::string translate( ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator it, ExceptionTranslators::const_iterator itEnd ) const override {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+                return "";
+#else
                 try {
                     if( it == itEnd )
-                        throw;
+                        std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
                     else
                         return (*it)->translate( it+1, itEnd );
                 }
                 catch( T& ex ) {
                     return m_translateFunction( ex );
                 }
+#endif
             }
 
         protected:
@@ -2777,62 +3055,56 @@ namespace Catch {
 ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION2( translatorName, signature ) \
     static std::string translatorName( signature ); \
-    namespace{ Catch::ExceptionTranslatorRegistrar INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_ExceptionRegistrar )( &translatorName ); }\
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS \
+    namespace{ Catch::ExceptionTranslatorRegistrar INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_ExceptionRegistrar )( &translatorName ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION \
     static std::string translatorName( signature )
 
 #define INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION( signature ) INTERNAL_CATCH_TRANSLATE_EXCEPTION2( INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( catch_internal_ExceptionTranslator ), signature )
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_approx.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_APPROX_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-#include <cmath>
-#include <limits>
+// end catch_interfaces_exception.h
+// start catch_approx.h
 
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS)
 #include <type_traits>
-#endif
 
 namespace Catch {
 namespace Detail {
 
     class Approx {
+    private:
+        bool equalityComparisonImpl(double other) const;
+        // Validates the new margin (margin >= 0)
+        // out-of-line to avoid including stdexcept in the header
+        void setMargin(double margin);
+        // Validates the new epsilon (0 < epsilon < 1)
+        // out-of-line to avoid including stdexcept in the header
+        void setEpsilon(double epsilon);
+
     public:
-        explicit Approx ( double value )
-        :   m_epsilon( std::numeric_limits<float>::epsilon()*100 ),
-            m_margin( 0.0 ),
-            m_scale( 1.0 ),
-            m_value( value )
-        {}
+        explicit Approx ( double value );
 
-        static Approx custom() {
-            return Approx( 0 );
-        }
+        static Approx custom();
 
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TYPE_TRAITS)
+        Approx operator-() const;
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        Approx operator()( T value ) {
+        Approx operator()( T const& value ) {
             Approx approx( static_cast<double>(value) );
-            approx.epsilon( m_epsilon );
-            approx.margin( m_margin );
-            approx.scale( m_scale );
+            approx.m_epsilon = m_epsilon;
+            approx.m_margin = m_margin;
+            approx.m_scale = m_scale;
             return approx;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        explicit Approx( T value ): Approx(static_cast<double>(value))
+        explicit Approx( T const& value ): Approx(static_cast<double>(value))
         {}
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
         friend bool operator == ( const T& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            // Thanks to Richard Harris for his help refining this formula
-            auto lhs_v = double(lhs);
-            bool relativeOK = std::fabs(lhs_v - rhs.m_value) < rhs.m_epsilon * (rhs.m_scale + (std::max)(std::fabs(lhs_v), std::fabs(rhs.m_value)));
-            if (relativeOK) {
-                return true;
-            }
-
-            return std::fabs(lhs_v - rhs.m_value) <= rhs.m_margin;
+            auto lhs_v = static_cast<double>(lhs);
+            return rhs.equalityComparisonImpl(lhs_v);
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
@@ -2841,121 +3113,56 @@ namespace Detail {
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator != ( T lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+        friend bool operator != ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
             return !operator==( lhs, rhs );
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator != ( Approx const& lhs, T rhs ) {
+        friend bool operator != ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
             return !operator==( rhs, lhs );
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator <= ( T lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            return double(lhs) < rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
+        friend bool operator <= ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            return static_cast<double>(lhs) < rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator <= ( Approx const& lhs, T rhs ) {
-            return lhs.m_value < double(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
+        friend bool operator <= ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
+            return lhs.m_value < static_cast<double>(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator >= ( T lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            return double(lhs) > rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
+        friend bool operator >= ( T const& lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
+            return static_cast<double>(lhs) > rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        friend bool operator >= ( Approx const& lhs, T rhs ) {
-            return lhs.m_value > double(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
+        friend bool operator >= ( Approx const& lhs, T const& rhs ) {
+            return lhs.m_value > static_cast<double>(rhs) || lhs == rhs;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        Approx& epsilon( T newEpsilon ) {
-            m_epsilon = double(newEpsilon);
+        Approx& epsilon( T const& newEpsilon ) {
+            double epsilonAsDouble = static_cast<double>(newEpsilon);
+            setEpsilon(epsilonAsDouble);
             return *this;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        Approx& margin( T newMargin ) {
-            m_margin = double(newMargin);
+        Approx& margin( T const& newMargin ) {
+            double marginAsDouble = static_cast<double>(newMargin);
+            setMargin(marginAsDouble);
             return *this;
         }
 
         template <typename T, typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
-        Approx& scale( T newScale ) {
-            m_scale = double(newScale);
-            return *this;
-        }
-
-#else
-
-        Approx operator()( double value ) {
-            Approx approx( value );
-            approx.epsilon( m_epsilon );
-            approx.margin( m_margin );
-            approx.scale( m_scale );
-            return approx;
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator == ( double lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            // Thanks to Richard Harris for his help refining this formula
-            bool relativeOK = std::fabs( lhs - rhs.m_value ) < rhs.m_epsilon * (rhs.m_scale + (std::max)( std::fabs(lhs), std::fabs(rhs.m_value) ) );
-            if (relativeOK) {
-                return true;
-            }
-            return std::fabs(lhs - rhs.m_value) <= rhs.m_margin;
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator == ( Approx const& lhs, double rhs ) {
-            return operator==( rhs, lhs );
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator != ( double lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            return !operator==( lhs, rhs );
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator != ( Approx const& lhs, double rhs ) {
-            return !operator==( rhs, lhs );
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator <= ( double lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            return lhs < rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator <= ( Approx const& lhs, double rhs ) {
-            return lhs.m_value < rhs || lhs == rhs;
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator >= ( double lhs, Approx const& rhs ) {
-            return lhs > rhs.m_value || lhs == rhs;
-        }
-
-        friend bool operator >= ( Approx const& lhs, double rhs ) {
-            return lhs.m_value > rhs || lhs == rhs;
-        }
-
-        Approx& epsilon( double newEpsilon ) {
-            m_epsilon = newEpsilon;
-            return *this;
-        }
-
-        Approx& margin( double newMargin ) {
-            m_margin = newMargin;
-            return *this;
-        }
-
-        Approx& scale( double newScale ) {
-            m_scale = newScale;
+        Approx& scale( T const& newScale ) {
+            m_scale = static_cast<double>(newScale);
             return *this;
         }
-#endif
 
-        std::string toString() const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << "Approx( " << Catch::toString( m_value ) << " )";
-            return oss.str();
-        }
+        std::string toString() const;
 
     private:
         double m_epsilon;
@@ -2963,5344 +3170,10831 @@ namespace Detail {
         double m_scale;
         double m_value;
     };
-}
+} // end namespace Detail
+
+namespace literals {
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(long double val);
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(unsigned long long val);
+} // end namespace literals
 
 template<>
-inline std::string toString<Detail::Approx>( Detail::Approx const& value ) {
-    return value.toString();
-}
+struct StringMaker<Catch::Detail::Approx> {
+    static std::string convert(Catch::Detail::Approx const& value);
+};
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_matchers_string.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_MATCHERS_STRING_H_INCLUDED
-
-namespace Catch {
-namespace Matchers {
-
-    namespace StdString {
+// end catch_approx.h
+// start catch_string_manip.h
 
-        struct CasedString
-        {
-            CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
-            std::string adjustString( std::string const& str ) const;
-            std::string caseSensitivitySuffix() const;
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <vector>
 
-            CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
-            std::string m_str;
-        };
+namespace Catch {
 
-        struct StringMatcherBase : MatcherBase<std::string> {
-            StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator );
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& prefix );
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, char prefix );
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& suffix );
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, char suffix );
+    bool contains( std::string const& s, std::string const& infix );
+    void toLowerInPlace( std::string& s );
+    std::string toLower( std::string const& s );
+    //! Returns a new string without whitespace at the start/end
+    std::string trim( std::string const& str );
+    //! Returns a substring of the original ref without whitespace. Beware lifetimes!
+    StringRef trim(StringRef ref);
 
-            CasedString m_comparator;
-            std::string m_operation;
-        };
+    // !!! Be aware, returns refs into original string - make sure original string outlives them
+    std::vector<StringRef> splitStringRef( StringRef str, char delimiter );
+    bool replaceInPlace( std::string& str, std::string const& replaceThis, std::string const& withThis );
 
-        struct EqualsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
-            EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
-            virtual bool match( std::string const& source ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-        };
-        struct ContainsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
-            ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
-            virtual bool match( std::string const& source ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-        };
-        struct StartsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
-            StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
-            virtual bool match( std::string const& source ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-        };
-        struct EndsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
-            EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
-            virtual bool match( std::string const& source ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-        };
+    struct pluralise {
+        pluralise( std::size_t count, std::string const& label );
 
-    } // namespace StdString
+        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, pluralise const& pluraliser );
 
-    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
-    // This allows the types to be inferred
+        std::size_t m_count;
+        std::string m_label;
+    };
+}
 
-    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
-    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
-    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
-    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+// end catch_string_manip.h
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+// start catch_capture_matchers.h
 
-} // namespace Matchers
-} // namespace Catch
+// start catch_matchers.h
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_matchers_vector.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_MATCHERS_VECTOR_H_INCLUDED
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
 
 namespace Catch {
 namespace Matchers {
+    namespace Impl {
 
-    namespace Vector {
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAllOf;
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchAnyOf;
+        template<typename ArgT> struct MatchNotOf;
 
-        template<typename T>
-        struct ContainsElementMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>, T> {
+        class MatcherUntypedBase {
+        public:
+            MatcherUntypedBase() = default;
+            MatcherUntypedBase ( MatcherUntypedBase const& ) = default;
+            MatcherUntypedBase& operator = ( MatcherUntypedBase const& ) = delete;
+            std::string toString() const;
 
-            ContainsElementMatcher(T const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator) {}
+        protected:
+            virtual ~MatcherUntypedBase();
+            virtual std::string describe() const = 0;
+            mutable std::string m_cachedToString;
+        };
 
-            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return std::find(v.begin(), v.end(), m_comparator) != v.end();
-            }
+#ifdef __clang__
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wnon-virtual-dtor"
+#endif
 
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return "Contains: " + Catch::toString( m_comparator );
-            }
+        template<typename ObjectT>
+        struct MatcherMethod {
+            virtual bool match( ObjectT const& arg ) const = 0;
+        };
 
-            T const& m_comparator;
+#if defined(__OBJC__)
+        // Hack to fix Catch GH issue #1661. Could use id for generic Object support.
+        // use of const for Object pointers is very uncommon and under ARC it causes some kind of signature mismatch that breaks compilation
+        template<>
+        struct MatcherMethod<NSString*> {
+            virtual bool match( NSString* arg ) const = 0;
         };
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
 
         template<typename T>
-        struct ContainsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>, std::vector<T> > {
+        struct MatcherBase : MatcherUntypedBase, MatcherMethod<T> {
 
-            ContainsMatcher(std::vector<T> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+            MatchAllOf<T> operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
+            MatchAnyOf<T> operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const;
+            MatchNotOf<T> operator ! () const;
+        };
 
-            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                // !TBD: see note in EqualsMatcher
-                if (m_comparator.size() > v.size())
-                    return false;
-                for (size_t i = 0; i < m_comparator.size(); ++i)
-                    if (std::find(v.begin(), v.end(), m_comparator[i]) == v.end())
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchAllOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if (!matcher->match(arg))
                         return false;
+                }
                 return true;
             }
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return "Contains: " + Catch::toString( m_comparator );
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                std::string description;
+                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
+                description += "( ";
+                bool first = true;
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if( first )
+                        first = false;
+                    else
+                        description += " and ";
+                    description += matcher->toString();
+                }
+                description += " )";
+                return description;
             }
 
-            std::vector<T> const& m_comparator;
-        };
+            MatchAllOf<ArgT> operator && ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
+                auto copy(*this);
+                copy.m_matchers.push_back( &other );
+                return copy;
+            }
+
+            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
+        };
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchAnyOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if (matcher->match(arg))
+                        return true;
+                }
+                return false;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                std::string description;
+                description.reserve( 4 + m_matchers.size()*32 );
+                description += "( ";
+                bool first = true;
+                for( auto matcher : m_matchers ) {
+                    if( first )
+                        first = false;
+                    else
+                        description += " or ";
+                    description += matcher->toString();
+                }
+                description += " )";
+                return description;
+            }
+
+            MatchAnyOf<ArgT> operator || ( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& other ) {
+                auto copy(*this);
+                copy.m_matchers.push_back( &other );
+                return copy;
+            }
+
+            std::vector<MatcherBase<ArgT> const*> m_matchers;
+        };
+
+        template<typename ArgT>
+        struct MatchNotOf : MatcherBase<ArgT> {
+
+            MatchNotOf( MatcherBase<ArgT> const& underlyingMatcher ) : m_underlyingMatcher( underlyingMatcher ) {}
+
+            bool match( ArgT const& arg ) const override {
+                return !m_underlyingMatcher.match( arg );
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "not " + m_underlyingMatcher.toString();
+            }
+            MatcherBase<ArgT> const& m_underlyingMatcher;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchAllOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator && ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
+            return MatchAllOf<T>() && *this && other;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchAnyOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator || ( MatcherBase const& other ) const {
+            return MatchAnyOf<T>() || *this || other;
+        }
+        template<typename T>
+        MatchNotOf<T> MatcherBase<T>::operator ! () const {
+            return MatchNotOf<T>( *this );
+        }
+
+    } // namespace Impl
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+
+using namespace Matchers;
+using Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers.h
+// start catch_matchers_exception.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Exception {
+
+class ExceptionMessageMatcher : public MatcherBase<std::exception> {
+    std::string m_message;
+public:
+
+    ExceptionMessageMatcher(std::string const& message):
+        m_message(message)
+    {}
+
+    bool match(std::exception const& ex) const override;
+
+    std::string describe() const override;
+};
+
+} // namespace Exception
+
+Exception::ExceptionMessageMatcher Message(std::string const& message);
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_exception.hpp
+// start catch_matchers_floating.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace Floating {
+
+        enum class FloatingPointKind : uint8_t;
+
+        struct WithinAbsMatcher : MatcherBase<double> {
+            WithinAbsMatcher(double target, double margin);
+            bool match(double const& matchee) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+        private:
+            double m_target;
+            double m_margin;
+        };
+
+        struct WithinUlpsMatcher : MatcherBase<double> {
+            WithinUlpsMatcher(double target, uint64_t ulps, FloatingPointKind baseType);
+            bool match(double const& matchee) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+        private:
+            double m_target;
+            uint64_t m_ulps;
+            FloatingPointKind m_type;
+        };
+
+        // Given IEEE-754 format for floats and doubles, we can assume
+        // that float -> double promotion is lossless. Given this, we can
+        // assume that if we do the standard relative comparison of
+        // |lhs - rhs| <= epsilon * max(fabs(lhs), fabs(rhs)), then we get
+        // the same result if we do this for floats, as if we do this for
+        // doubles that were promoted from floats.
+        struct WithinRelMatcher : MatcherBase<double> {
+            WithinRelMatcher(double target, double epsilon);
+            bool match(double const& matchee) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+        private:
+            double m_target;
+            double m_epsilon;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace Floating
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+    Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(double target, uint64_t maxUlpDiff);
+    Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(float target, uint64_t maxUlpDiff);
+    Floating::WithinAbsMatcher WithinAbs(double target, double margin);
+    Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(double target, double eps);
+    // defaults epsilon to 100*numeric_limits<double>::epsilon()
+    Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(double target);
+    Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(float target, float eps);
+    // defaults epsilon to 100*numeric_limits<float>::epsilon()
+    Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(float target);
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_floating.h
+// start catch_matchers_generic.hpp
+
+#include <functional>
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Generic {
+
+namespace Detail {
+    std::string finalizeDescription(const std::string& desc);
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+class PredicateMatcher : public MatcherBase<T> {
+    std::function<bool(T const&)> m_predicate;
+    std::string m_description;
+public:
+
+    PredicateMatcher(std::function<bool(T const&)> const& elem, std::string const& descr)
+        :m_predicate(std::move(elem)),
+        m_description(Detail::finalizeDescription(descr))
+    {}
+
+    bool match( T const& item ) const override {
+        return m_predicate(item);
+    }
+
+    std::string describe() const override {
+        return m_description;
+    }
+};
+
+} // namespace Generic
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // The user has to explicitly specify type to the function, because
+    // inferring std::function<bool(T const&)> is hard (but possible) and
+    // requires a lot of TMP.
+    template<typename T>
+    Generic::PredicateMatcher<T> Predicate(std::function<bool(T const&)> const& predicate, std::string const& description = "") {
+        return Generic::PredicateMatcher<T>(predicate, description);
+    }
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_generic.hpp
+// start catch_matchers_string.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace StdString {
+
+        struct CasedString
+        {
+            CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+            std::string adjustString( std::string const& str ) const;
+            std::string caseSensitivitySuffix() const;
+
+            CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+            std::string m_str;
+        };
+
+        struct StringMatcherBase : MatcherBase<std::string> {
+            StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator );
+            std::string describe() const override;
+
+            CasedString m_comparator;
+            std::string m_operation;
+        };
+
+        struct EqualsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct ContainsMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct StartsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+        struct EndsWithMatcher : StringMatcherBase {
+            EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator );
+            bool match( std::string const& source ) const override;
+        };
+
+        struct RegexMatcher : MatcherBase<std::string> {
+            RegexMatcher( std::string regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+            bool match( std::string const& matchee ) const override;
+            std::string describe() const override;
+
+        private:
+            std::string m_regex;
+            CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace StdString
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+
+    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+    StdString::RegexMatcher Matches( std::string const& regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity = CaseSensitive::Yes );
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_string.h
+// start catch_matchers_vector.h
+
+#include <algorithm>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+
+    namespace Vector {
+        template<typename T, typename Alloc>
+        struct ContainsElementMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T, Alloc>> {
+
+            ContainsElementMatcher(T const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T, Alloc> const &v) const override {
+                for (auto const& el : v) {
+                    if (el == m_comparator) {
+                        return true;
+                    }
+                }
+                return false;
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Contains: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+
+            T const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T, typename AllocComp, typename AllocMatch>
+        struct ContainsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T, AllocMatch>> {
+
+            ContainsMatcher(std::vector<T, AllocComp> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T, AllocMatch> const &v) const override {
+                // !TBD: see note in EqualsMatcher
+                if (m_comparator.size() > v.size())
+                    return false;
+                for (auto const& comparator : m_comparator) {
+                    auto present = false;
+                    for (const auto& el : v) {
+                        if (el == comparator) {
+                            present = true;
+                            break;
+                        }
+                    }
+                    if (!present) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                }
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Contains: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+
+            std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T, typename AllocComp, typename AllocMatch>
+        struct EqualsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T, AllocMatch>> {
+
+            EqualsMatcher(std::vector<T, AllocComp> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T, AllocMatch> const &v) const override {
+                // !TBD: This currently works if all elements can be compared using !=
+                // - a more general approach would be via a compare template that defaults
+                // to using !=. but could be specialised for, e.g. std::vector<T, Alloc> etc
+                // - then just call that directly
+                if (m_comparator.size() != v.size())
+                    return false;
+                for (std::size_t i = 0; i < v.size(); ++i)
+                    if (m_comparator[i] != v[i])
+                        return false;
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "Equals: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+            std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& m_comparator;
+        };
+
+        template<typename T, typename AllocComp, typename AllocMatch>
+        struct ApproxMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T, AllocMatch>> {
+
+            ApproxMatcher(std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+
+            bool match(std::vector<T, AllocMatch> const &v) const override {
+                if (m_comparator.size() != v.size())
+                    return false;
+                for (std::size_t i = 0; i < v.size(); ++i)
+                    if (m_comparator[i] != approx(v[i]))
+                        return false;
+                return true;
+            }
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "is approx: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_comparator );
+            }
+            template <typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+            ApproxMatcher& epsilon( T const& newEpsilon ) {
+                approx.epsilon(newEpsilon);
+                return *this;
+            }
+            template <typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+            ApproxMatcher& margin( T const& newMargin ) {
+                approx.margin(newMargin);
+                return *this;
+            }
+            template <typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<double, T>::value>::type>
+            ApproxMatcher& scale( T const& newScale ) {
+                approx.scale(newScale);
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+            std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& m_comparator;
+            mutable Catch::Detail::Approx approx = Catch::Detail::Approx::custom();
+        };
+
+        template<typename T, typename AllocComp, typename AllocMatch>
+        struct UnorderedEqualsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T, AllocMatch>> {
+            UnorderedEqualsMatcher(std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& target) : m_target(target) {}
+            bool match(std::vector<T, AllocMatch> const& vec) const override {
+                if (m_target.size() != vec.size()) {
+                    return false;
+                }
+                return std::is_permutation(m_target.begin(), m_target.end(), vec.begin());
+            }
+
+            std::string describe() const override {
+                return "UnorderedEquals: " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_target);
+            }
+        private:
+            std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& m_target;
+        };
+
+    } // namespace Vector
+
+    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
+    // This allows the types to be inferred
+
+    template<typename T, typename AllocComp = std::allocator<T>, typename AllocMatch = AllocComp>
+    Vector::ContainsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch> Contains( std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::ContainsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T, typename Alloc = std::allocator<T>>
+    Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T, Alloc> VectorContains( T const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T, Alloc>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T, typename AllocComp = std::allocator<T>, typename AllocMatch = AllocComp>
+    Vector::EqualsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch> Equals( std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::EqualsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T, typename AllocComp = std::allocator<T>, typename AllocMatch = AllocComp>
+    Vector::ApproxMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch> Approx( std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& comparator ) {
+        return Vector::ApproxMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch>( comparator );
+    }
+
+    template<typename T, typename AllocComp = std::allocator<T>, typename AllocMatch = AllocComp>
+    Vector::UnorderedEqualsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch> UnorderedEquals(std::vector<T, AllocComp> const& target) {
+        return Vector::UnorderedEqualsMatcher<T, AllocComp, AllocMatch>( target );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_matchers_vector.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
+    class MatchExpr : public ITransientExpression {
+        ArgT const& m_arg;
+        MatcherT m_matcher;
+        StringRef m_matcherString;
+    public:
+        MatchExpr( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString )
+        :   ITransientExpression{ true, matcher.match( arg ) },
+            m_arg( arg ),
+            m_matcher( matcher ),
+            m_matcherString( matcherString )
+        {}
+
+        void streamReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os ) const override {
+            auto matcherAsString = m_matcher.toString();
+            os << Catch::Detail::stringify( m_arg ) << ' ';
+            if( matcherAsString == Detail::unprintableString )
+                os << m_matcherString;
+            else
+                os << matcherAsString;
+        }
+    };
+
+    using StringMatcher = Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string>;
+
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, StringMatcher const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  );
+
+    template<typename ArgT, typename MatcherT>
+    auto makeMatchExpr( ArgT const& arg, MatcherT const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  ) -> MatchExpr<ArgT, MatcherT> {
+        return MatchExpr<ArgT, MatcherT>( arg, matcher, matcherString );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CHECK_THAT( macroName, matcher, resultDisposition, arg ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(arg) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_TRY { \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::makeMatchExpr( arg, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ) ); \
+        } INTERNAL_CATCH_CATCH( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_THROWS_MATCHES( macroName, exceptionType, resultDisposition, matcher, ... ) \
+    do { \
+        Catch::AssertionHandler catchAssertionHandler( macroName##_catch_sr, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(__VA_ARGS__) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(exceptionType) ", " CATCH_INTERNAL_STRINGIFY(matcher), resultDisposition ); \
+        if( catchAssertionHandler.allowThrows() ) \
+            try { \
+                static_cast<void>(__VA_ARGS__ ); \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(); \
+            } \
+            catch( exceptionType const& ex ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleExpr( Catch::makeMatchExpr( ex, matcher, #matcher##_catch_sr ) ); \
+            } \
+            catch( ... ) { \
+                catchAssertionHandler.handleUnexpectedInflightException(); \
+            } \
+        else \
+            catchAssertionHandler.handleThrowingCallSkipped(); \
+        INTERNAL_CATCH_REACT( catchAssertionHandler ) \
+    } while( false )
+
+// end catch_capture_matchers.h
+#endif
+// start catch_generators.hpp
+
+// start catch_interfaces_generatortracker.h
+
+
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    namespace Generators {
+        class GeneratorUntypedBase {
+        public:
+            GeneratorUntypedBase() = default;
+            virtual ~GeneratorUntypedBase();
+            // Attempts to move the generator to the next element
+             //
+             // Returns true iff the move succeeded (and a valid element
+             // can be retrieved).
+            virtual bool next() = 0;
+        };
+        using GeneratorBasePtr = std::unique_ptr<GeneratorUntypedBase>;
+
+    } // namespace Generators
+
+    struct IGeneratorTracker {
+        virtual ~IGeneratorTracker();
+        virtual auto hasGenerator() const -> bool = 0;
+        virtual auto getGenerator() const -> Generators::GeneratorBasePtr const& = 0;
+        virtual void setGenerator( Generators::GeneratorBasePtr&& generator ) = 0;
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_generatortracker.h
+// start catch_enforce.h
+
+#include <exception>
+
+namespace Catch {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+    template <typename Ex>
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(Ex const& e) {
+        throw e;
+    }
+#else // ^^ Exceptions are enabled //  Exceptions are disabled vv
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(std::exception const& e);
+#endif
+
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_logic_error(std::string const& msg);
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_domain_error(std::string const& msg);
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_runtime_error(std::string const& msg);
+
+} // namespace Catch;
+
+#define CATCH_MAKE_MSG(...) \
+    (Catch::ReusableStringStream() << __VA_ARGS__).str()
+
+#define CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR(...) \
+    Catch::throw_logic_error(CATCH_MAKE_MSG( CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO << ": Internal Catch2 error: " << __VA_ARGS__))
+
+#define CATCH_ERROR(...) \
+    Catch::throw_domain_error(CATCH_MAKE_MSG( __VA_ARGS__ ))
+
+#define CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR(...) \
+    Catch::throw_runtime_error(CATCH_MAKE_MSG( __VA_ARGS__ ))
+
+#define CATCH_ENFORCE( condition, ... ) \
+    do{ if( !(condition) ) CATCH_ERROR( __VA_ARGS__ ); } while(false)
+
+// end catch_enforce.h
+#include <memory>
+#include <vector>
+#include <cassert>
+
+#include <utility>
+#include <exception>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+class GeneratorException : public std::exception {
+    const char* const m_msg = "";
+
+public:
+    GeneratorException(const char* msg):
+        m_msg(msg)
+    {}
+
+    const char* what() const noexcept override final;
+};
+
+namespace Generators {
+
+    // !TBD move this into its own location?
+    namespace pf{
+        template<typename T, typename... Args>
+        std::unique_ptr<T> make_unique( Args&&... args ) {
+            return std::unique_ptr<T>(new T(std::forward<Args>(args)...));
+        }
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct IGenerator : GeneratorUntypedBase {
+        virtual ~IGenerator() = default;
+
+        // Returns the current element of the generator
+        //
+        // \Precondition The generator is either freshly constructed,
+        // or the last call to `next()` returned true
+        virtual T const& get() const = 0;
+        using type = T;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class SingleValueGenerator final : public IGenerator<T> {
+        T m_value;
+    public:
+        SingleValueGenerator(T&& value) : m_value(std::move(value)) {}
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_value;
+        }
+        bool next() override {
+            return false;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class FixedValuesGenerator final : public IGenerator<T> {
+        static_assert(!std::is_same<T, bool>::value,
+            "FixedValuesGenerator does not support bools because of std::vector<bool>"
+            "specialization, use SingleValue Generator instead.");
+        std::vector<T> m_values;
+        size_t m_idx = 0;
+    public:
+        FixedValuesGenerator( std::initializer_list<T> values ) : m_values( values ) {}
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_values[m_idx];
+        }
+        bool next() override {
+            ++m_idx;
+            return m_idx < m_values.size();
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    class GeneratorWrapper final {
+        std::unique_ptr<IGenerator<T>> m_generator;
+    public:
+        GeneratorWrapper(std::unique_ptr<IGenerator<T>> generator):
+            m_generator(std::move(generator))
+        {}
+        T const& get() const {
+            return m_generator->get();
+        }
+        bool next() {
+            return m_generator->next();
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> value(T&& value) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<SingleValueGenerator<T>>(std::forward<T>(value)));
+    }
+    template <typename T>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> values(std::initializer_list<T> values) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<FixedValuesGenerator<T>>(values));
+    }
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class Generators : public IGenerator<T> {
+        std::vector<GeneratorWrapper<T>> m_generators;
+        size_t m_current = 0;
+
+        void populate(GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator) {
+            m_generators.emplace_back(std::move(generator));
+        }
+        void populate(T&& val) {
+            m_generators.emplace_back(value(std::forward<T>(val)));
+        }
+        template<typename U>
+        void populate(U&& val) {
+            populate(T(std::forward<U>(val)));
+        }
+        template<typename U, typename... Gs>
+        void populate(U&& valueOrGenerator, Gs &&... moreGenerators) {
+            populate(std::forward<U>(valueOrGenerator));
+            populate(std::forward<Gs>(moreGenerators)...);
+        }
+
+    public:
+        template <typename... Gs>
+        Generators(Gs &&... moreGenerators) {
+            m_generators.reserve(sizeof...(Gs));
+            populate(std::forward<Gs>(moreGenerators)...);
+        }
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_generators[m_current].get();
+        }
+
+        bool next() override {
+            if (m_current >= m_generators.size()) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            const bool current_status = m_generators[m_current].next();
+            if (!current_status) {
+                ++m_current;
+            }
+            return m_current < m_generators.size();
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename... Ts>
+    GeneratorWrapper<std::tuple<Ts...>> table( std::initializer_list<std::tuple<typename std::decay<Ts>::type...>> tuples ) {
+        return values<std::tuple<Ts...>>( tuples );
+    }
+
+    // Tag type to signal that a generator sequence should convert arguments to a specific type
+    template <typename T>
+    struct as {};
+
+    template<typename T, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator, Gs &&... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return Generators<T>(std::move(generator), std::forward<Gs>(moreGenerators)...);
+    }
+    template<typename T>
+    auto makeGenerators( GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return Generators<T>(std::move(generator));
+    }
+    template<typename T, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( T&& val, Gs &&... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return makeGenerators( value( std::forward<T>( val ) ), std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+    }
+    template<typename T, typename U, typename... Gs>
+    auto makeGenerators( as<T>, U&& val, Gs &&... moreGenerators ) -> Generators<T> {
+        return makeGenerators( value( T( std::forward<U>( val ) ) ), std::forward<Gs>( moreGenerators )... );
+    }
+
+    auto acquireGeneratorTracker( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker&;
+
+    template<typename L>
+    // Note: The type after -> is weird, because VS2015 cannot parse
+    //       the expression used in the typedef inside, when it is in
+    //       return type. Yeah.
+    auto generate( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, L const& generatorExpression ) -> decltype(std::declval<decltype(generatorExpression())>().get()) {
+        using UnderlyingType = typename decltype(generatorExpression())::type;
+
+        IGeneratorTracker& tracker = acquireGeneratorTracker( generatorName, lineInfo );
+        if (!tracker.hasGenerator()) {
+            tracker.setGenerator(pf::make_unique<Generators<UnderlyingType>>(generatorExpression()));
+        }
+
+        auto const& generator = static_cast<IGenerator<UnderlyingType> const&>( *tracker.getGenerator() );
+        return generator.get();
+    }
+
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#define GENERATE( ... ) \
+    Catch::Generators::generate( INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME(generator)), \
+                                 CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, \
+                                 [ ]{ using namespace Catch::Generators; return makeGenerators( __VA_ARGS__ ); } ) //NOLINT(google-build-using-namespace)
+#define GENERATE_COPY( ... ) \
+    Catch::Generators::generate( INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME(generator)), \
+                                 CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, \
+                                 [=]{ using namespace Catch::Generators; return makeGenerators( __VA_ARGS__ ); } ) //NOLINT(google-build-using-namespace)
+#define GENERATE_REF( ... ) \
+    Catch::Generators::generate( INTERNAL_CATCH_STRINGIZE(INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME(generator)), \
+                                 CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO, \
+                                 [&]{ using namespace Catch::Generators; return makeGenerators( __VA_ARGS__ ); } ) //NOLINT(google-build-using-namespace)
+
+// end catch_generators.hpp
+// start catch_generators_generic.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Generators {
+
+    template <typename T>
+    class TakeGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        GeneratorWrapper<T> m_generator;
+        size_t m_returned = 0;
+        size_t m_target;
+    public:
+        TakeGenerator(size_t target, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator):
+            m_generator(std::move(generator)),
+            m_target(target)
+        {
+            assert(target != 0 && "Empty generators are not allowed");
+        }
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_generator.get();
+        }
+        bool next() override {
+            ++m_returned;
+            if (m_returned >= m_target) {
+                return false;
+            }
+
+            const auto success = m_generator.next();
+            // If the underlying generator does not contain enough values
+            // then we cut short as well
+            if (!success) {
+                m_returned = m_target;
+            }
+            return success;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> take(size_t target, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<TakeGenerator<T>>(target, std::move(generator)));
+    }
+
+    template <typename T, typename Predicate>
+    class FilterGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        GeneratorWrapper<T> m_generator;
+        Predicate m_predicate;
+    public:
+        template <typename P = Predicate>
+        FilterGenerator(P&& pred, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator):
+            m_generator(std::move(generator)),
+            m_predicate(std::forward<P>(pred))
+        {
+            if (!m_predicate(m_generator.get())) {
+                // It might happen that there are no values that pass the
+                // filter. In that case we throw an exception.
+                auto has_initial_value = next();
+                if (!has_initial_value) {
+                    Catch::throw_exception(GeneratorException("No valid value found in filtered generator"));
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_generator.get();
+        }
+
+        bool next() override {
+            bool success = m_generator.next();
+            if (!success) {
+                return false;
+            }
+            while (!m_predicate(m_generator.get()) && (success = m_generator.next()) == true);
+            return success;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T, typename Predicate>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> filter(Predicate&& pred, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(std::unique_ptr<IGenerator<T>>(pf::make_unique<FilterGenerator<T, Predicate>>(std::forward<Predicate>(pred), std::move(generator))));
+    }
+
+    template <typename T>
+    class RepeatGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        static_assert(!std::is_same<T, bool>::value,
+            "RepeatGenerator currently does not support bools"
+            "because of std::vector<bool> specialization");
+        GeneratorWrapper<T> m_generator;
+        mutable std::vector<T> m_returned;
+        size_t m_target_repeats;
+        size_t m_current_repeat = 0;
+        size_t m_repeat_index = 0;
+    public:
+        RepeatGenerator(size_t repeats, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator):
+            m_generator(std::move(generator)),
+            m_target_repeats(repeats)
+        {
+            assert(m_target_repeats > 0 && "Repeat generator must repeat at least once");
+        }
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            if (m_current_repeat == 0) {
+                m_returned.push_back(m_generator.get());
+                return m_returned.back();
+            }
+            return m_returned[m_repeat_index];
+        }
+
+        bool next() override {
+            // There are 2 basic cases:
+            // 1) We are still reading the generator
+            // 2) We are reading our own cache
+
+            // In the first case, we need to poke the underlying generator.
+            // If it happily moves, we are left in that state, otherwise it is time to start reading from our cache
+            if (m_current_repeat == 0) {
+                const auto success = m_generator.next();
+                if (!success) {
+                    ++m_current_repeat;
+                }
+                return m_current_repeat < m_target_repeats;
+            }
+
+            // In the second case, we need to move indices forward and check that we haven't run up against the end
+            ++m_repeat_index;
+            if (m_repeat_index == m_returned.size()) {
+                m_repeat_index = 0;
+                ++m_current_repeat;
+            }
+            return m_current_repeat < m_target_repeats;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> repeat(size_t repeats, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<RepeatGenerator<T>>(repeats, std::move(generator)));
+    }
+
+    template <typename T, typename U, typename Func>
+    class MapGenerator : public IGenerator<T> {
+        // TBD: provide static assert for mapping function, for friendly error message
+        GeneratorWrapper<U> m_generator;
+        Func m_function;
+        // To avoid returning dangling reference, we have to save the values
+        T m_cache;
+    public:
+        template <typename F2 = Func>
+        MapGenerator(F2&& function, GeneratorWrapper<U>&& generator) :
+            m_generator(std::move(generator)),
+            m_function(std::forward<F2>(function)),
+            m_cache(m_function(m_generator.get()))
+        {}
+
+        T const& get() const override {
+            return m_cache;
+        }
+        bool next() override {
+            const auto success = m_generator.next();
+            if (success) {
+                m_cache = m_function(m_generator.get());
+            }
+            return success;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename Func, typename U, typename T = FunctionReturnType<Func, U>>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> map(Func&& function, GeneratorWrapper<U>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(
+            pf::make_unique<MapGenerator<T, U, Func>>(std::forward<Func>(function), std::move(generator))
+        );
+    }
+
+    template <typename T, typename U, typename Func>
+    GeneratorWrapper<T> map(Func&& function, GeneratorWrapper<U>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<T>(
+            pf::make_unique<MapGenerator<T, U, Func>>(std::forward<Func>(function), std::move(generator))
+        );
+    }
+
+    template <typename T>
+    class ChunkGenerator final : public IGenerator<std::vector<T>> {
+        std::vector<T> m_chunk;
+        size_t m_chunk_size;
+        GeneratorWrapper<T> m_generator;
+        bool m_used_up = false;
+    public:
+        ChunkGenerator(size_t size, GeneratorWrapper<T> generator) :
+            m_chunk_size(size), m_generator(std::move(generator))
+        {
+            m_chunk.reserve(m_chunk_size);
+            if (m_chunk_size != 0) {
+                m_chunk.push_back(m_generator.get());
+                for (size_t i = 1; i < m_chunk_size; ++i) {
+                    if (!m_generator.next()) {
+                        Catch::throw_exception(GeneratorException("Not enough values to initialize the first chunk"));
+                    }
+                    m_chunk.push_back(m_generator.get());
+                }
+            }
+        }
+        std::vector<T> const& get() const override {
+            return m_chunk;
+        }
+        bool next() override {
+            m_chunk.clear();
+            for (size_t idx = 0; idx < m_chunk_size; ++idx) {
+                if (!m_generator.next()) {
+                    return false;
+                }
+                m_chunk.push_back(m_generator.get());
+            }
+            return true;
+        }
+    };
+
+    template <typename T>
+    GeneratorWrapper<std::vector<T>> chunk(size_t size, GeneratorWrapper<T>&& generator) {
+        return GeneratorWrapper<std::vector<T>>(
+            pf::make_unique<ChunkGenerator<T>>(size, std::move(generator))
+        );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_generators_generic.hpp
+// start catch_generators_specific.hpp
+
+// start catch_context.h
+
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IResultCapture;
+    struct IRunner;
+    struct IConfig;
+    struct IMutableContext;
+
+    using IConfigPtr = std::shared_ptr<IConfig const>;
+
+    struct IContext
+    {
+        virtual ~IContext();
+
+        virtual IResultCapture* getResultCapture() = 0;
+        virtual IRunner* getRunner() = 0;
+        virtual IConfigPtr const& getConfig() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    struct IMutableContext : IContext
+    {
+        virtual ~IMutableContext();
+        virtual void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) = 0;
+        virtual void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) = 0;
+        virtual void setConfig( IConfigPtr const& config ) = 0;
+
+    private:
+        static IMutableContext *currentContext;
+        friend IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
+        friend void cleanUpContext();
+        static void createContext();
+    };
+
+    inline IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext()
+    {
+        if( !IMutableContext::currentContext )
+            IMutableContext::createContext();
+        // NOLINTNEXTLINE(clang-analyzer-core.uninitialized.UndefReturn)
+        return *IMutableContext::currentContext;
+    }
+
+    inline IContext& getCurrentContext()
+    {
+        return getCurrentMutableContext();
+    }
+
+    void cleanUpContext();
+
+    class SimplePcg32;
+    SimplePcg32& rng();
+}
+
+// end catch_context.h
+// start catch_interfaces_config.h
+
+// start catch_option.hpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    // An optional type
+    template<typename T>
+    class Option {
+    public:
+        Option() : nullableValue( nullptr ) {}
+        Option( T const& _value )
+        : nullableValue( new( storage ) T( _value ) )
+        {}
+        Option( Option const& _other )
+        : nullableValue( _other ? new( storage ) T( *_other ) : nullptr )
+        {}
+
+        ~Option() {
+            reset();
+        }
+
+        Option& operator= ( Option const& _other ) {
+            if( &_other != this ) {
+                reset();
+                if( _other )
+                    nullableValue = new( storage ) T( *_other );
+            }
+            return *this;
+        }
+        Option& operator = ( T const& _value ) {
+            reset();
+            nullableValue = new( storage ) T( _value );
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        void reset() {
+            if( nullableValue )
+                nullableValue->~T();
+            nullableValue = nullptr;
+        }
+
+        T& operator*() { return *nullableValue; }
+        T const& operator*() const { return *nullableValue; }
+        T* operator->() { return nullableValue; }
+        const T* operator->() const { return nullableValue; }
+
+        T valueOr( T const& defaultValue ) const {
+            return nullableValue ? *nullableValue : defaultValue;
+        }
+
+        bool some() const { return nullableValue != nullptr; }
+        bool none() const { return nullableValue == nullptr; }
+
+        bool operator !() const { return nullableValue == nullptr; }
+        explicit operator bool() const {
+            return some();
+        }
+
+    private:
+        T *nullableValue;
+        alignas(alignof(T)) char storage[sizeof(T)];
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_option.hpp
+#include <chrono>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    enum class Verbosity {
+        Quiet = 0,
+        Normal,
+        High
+    };
+
+    struct WarnAbout { enum What {
+        Nothing = 0x00,
+        NoAssertions = 0x01,
+        NoTests = 0x02
+    }; };
+
+    struct ShowDurations { enum OrNot {
+        DefaultForReporter,
+        Always,
+        Never
+    }; };
+    struct RunTests { enum InWhatOrder {
+        InDeclarationOrder,
+        InLexicographicalOrder,
+        InRandomOrder
+    }; };
+    struct UseColour { enum YesOrNo {
+        Auto,
+        Yes,
+        No
+    }; };
+    struct WaitForKeypress { enum When {
+        Never,
+        BeforeStart = 1,
+        BeforeExit = 2,
+        BeforeStartAndExit = BeforeStart | BeforeExit
+    }; };
+
+    class TestSpec;
+
+    struct IConfig : NonCopyable {
+
+        virtual ~IConfig();
+
+        virtual bool allowThrows() const = 0;
+        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
+        virtual std::string name() const = 0;
+        virtual bool includeSuccessfulResults() const = 0;
+        virtual bool shouldDebugBreak() const = 0;
+        virtual bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const = 0;
+        virtual bool warnAboutNoTests() const = 0;
+        virtual int abortAfter() const = 0;
+        virtual bool showInvisibles() const = 0;
+        virtual ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const = 0;
+        virtual double minDuration() const = 0;
+        virtual TestSpec const& testSpec() const = 0;
+        virtual bool hasTestFilters() const = 0;
+        virtual std::vector<std::string> const& getTestsOrTags() const = 0;
+        virtual RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const = 0;
+        virtual unsigned int rngSeed() const = 0;
+        virtual UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const = 0;
+        virtual std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const = 0;
+        virtual Verbosity verbosity() const = 0;
+
+        virtual bool benchmarkNoAnalysis() const = 0;
+        virtual int benchmarkSamples() const = 0;
+        virtual double benchmarkConfidenceInterval() const = 0;
+        virtual unsigned int benchmarkResamples() const = 0;
+        virtual std::chrono::milliseconds benchmarkWarmupTime() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    using IConfigPtr = std::shared_ptr<IConfig const>;
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_config.h
+// start catch_random_number_generator.h
+
+#include <cstdint>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    // This is a simple implementation of C++11 Uniform Random Number
+    // Generator. It does not provide all operators, because Catch2
+    // does not use it, but it should behave as expected inside stdlib's
+    // distributions.
+    // The implementation is based on the PCG family (http://pcg-random.org)
+    class SimplePcg32 {
+        using state_type = std::uint64_t;
+    public:
+        using result_type = std::uint32_t;
+        static constexpr result_type (min)() {
+            return 0;
+        }
+        static constexpr result_type (max)() {
+            return static_cast<result_type>(-1);
+        }
+
+        // Provide some default initial state for the default constructor
+        SimplePcg32():SimplePcg32(0xed743cc4U) {}
+
+        explicit SimplePcg32(result_type seed_);
+
+        void seed(result_type seed_);
+        void discard(uint64_t skip);
+
+        result_type operator()();
+
+    private:
+        friend bool operator==(SimplePcg32 const& lhs, SimplePcg32 const& rhs);
+        friend bool operator!=(SimplePcg32 const& lhs, SimplePcg32 const& rhs);
+
+        // In theory we also need operator<< and operator>>
+        // In practice we do not use them, so we will skip them for now
+
+        std::uint64_t m_state;
+        // This part of the state determines which "stream" of the numbers
+        // is chosen -- we take it as a constant for Catch2, so we only
+        // need to deal with seeding the main state.
+        // Picked by reading 8 bytes from `/dev/random` :-)
+        static const std::uint64_t s_inc = (0x13ed0cc53f939476ULL << 1ULL) | 1ULL;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_random_number_generator.h
+#include <random>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Generators {
+
+template <typename Float>
+class RandomFloatingGenerator final : public IGenerator<Float> {
+    Catch::SimplePcg32& m_rng;
+    std::uniform_real_distribution<Float> m_dist;
+    Float m_current_number;
+public:
+
+    RandomFloatingGenerator(Float a, Float b):
+        m_rng(rng()),
+        m_dist(a, b) {
+        static_cast<void>(next());
+    }
+
+    Float const& get() const override {
+        return m_current_number;
+    }
+    bool next() override {
+        m_current_number = m_dist(m_rng);
+        return true;
+    }
+};
+
+template <typename Integer>
+class RandomIntegerGenerator final : public IGenerator<Integer> {
+    Catch::SimplePcg32& m_rng;
+    std::uniform_int_distribution<Integer> m_dist;
+    Integer m_current_number;
+public:
+
+    RandomIntegerGenerator(Integer a, Integer b):
+        m_rng(rng()),
+        m_dist(a, b) {
+        static_cast<void>(next());
+    }
+
+    Integer const& get() const override {
+        return m_current_number;
+    }
+    bool next() override {
+        m_current_number = m_dist(m_rng);
+        return true;
+    }
+};
+
+// TODO: Ideally this would be also constrained against the various char types,
+//       but I don't expect users to run into that in practice.
+template <typename T>
+typename std::enable_if<std::is_integral<T>::value && !std::is_same<T, bool>::value,
+GeneratorWrapper<T>>::type
+random(T a, T b) {
+    return GeneratorWrapper<T>(
+        pf::make_unique<RandomIntegerGenerator<T>>(a, b)
+    );
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+typename std::enable_if<std::is_floating_point<T>::value,
+GeneratorWrapper<T>>::type
+random(T a, T b) {
+    return GeneratorWrapper<T>(
+        pf::make_unique<RandomFloatingGenerator<T>>(a, b)
+    );
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+class RangeGenerator final : public IGenerator<T> {
+    T m_current;
+    T m_end;
+    T m_step;
+    bool m_positive;
+
+public:
+    RangeGenerator(T const& start, T const& end, T const& step):
+        m_current(start),
+        m_end(end),
+        m_step(step),
+        m_positive(m_step > T(0))
+    {
+        assert(m_current != m_end && "Range start and end cannot be equal");
+        assert(m_step != T(0) && "Step size cannot be zero");
+        assert(((m_positive && m_current <= m_end) || (!m_positive && m_current >= m_end)) && "Step moves away from end");
+    }
+
+    RangeGenerator(T const& start, T const& end):
+        RangeGenerator(start, end, (start < end) ? T(1) : T(-1))
+    {}
+
+    T const& get() const override {
+        return m_current;
+    }
+
+    bool next() override {
+        m_current += m_step;
+        return (m_positive) ? (m_current < m_end) : (m_current > m_end);
+    }
+};
+
+template <typename T>
+GeneratorWrapper<T> range(T const& start, T const& end, T const& step) {
+    static_assert(std::is_arithmetic<T>::value && !std::is_same<T, bool>::value, "Type must be numeric");
+    return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<RangeGenerator<T>>(start, end, step));
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+GeneratorWrapper<T> range(T const& start, T const& end) {
+    static_assert(std::is_integral<T>::value && !std::is_same<T, bool>::value, "Type must be an integer");
+    return GeneratorWrapper<T>(pf::make_unique<RangeGenerator<T>>(start, end));
+}
+
+template <typename T>
+class IteratorGenerator final : public IGenerator<T> {
+    static_assert(!std::is_same<T, bool>::value,
+        "IteratorGenerator currently does not support bools"
+        "because of std::vector<bool> specialization");
+
+    std::vector<T> m_elems;
+    size_t m_current = 0;
+public:
+    template <typename InputIterator, typename InputSentinel>
+    IteratorGenerator(InputIterator first, InputSentinel last):m_elems(first, last) {
+        if (m_elems.empty()) {
+            Catch::throw_exception(GeneratorException("IteratorGenerator received no valid values"));
+        }
+    }
+
+    T const& get() const override {
+        return m_elems[m_current];
+    }
+
+    bool next() override {
+        ++m_current;
+        return m_current != m_elems.size();
+    }
+};
+
+template <typename InputIterator,
+          typename InputSentinel,
+          typename ResultType = typename std::iterator_traits<InputIterator>::value_type>
+GeneratorWrapper<ResultType> from_range(InputIterator from, InputSentinel to) {
+    return GeneratorWrapper<ResultType>(pf::make_unique<IteratorGenerator<ResultType>>(from, to));
+}
+
+template <typename Container,
+          typename ResultType = typename Container::value_type>
+GeneratorWrapper<ResultType> from_range(Container const& cnt) {
+    return GeneratorWrapper<ResultType>(pf::make_unique<IteratorGenerator<ResultType>>(cnt.begin(), cnt.end()));
+}
+
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_generators_specific.hpp
+
+// These files are included here so the single_include script doesn't put them
+// in the conditionally compiled sections
+// start catch_test_case_info.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ITestInvoker;
+
+    struct TestCaseInfo {
+        enum SpecialProperties{
+            None = 0,
+            IsHidden = 1 << 1,
+            ShouldFail = 1 << 2,
+            MayFail = 1 << 3,
+            Throws = 1 << 4,
+            NonPortable = 1 << 5,
+            Benchmark = 1 << 6
+        };
+
+        TestCaseInfo(   std::string const& _name,
+                        std::string const& _className,
+                        std::string const& _description,
+                        std::vector<std::string> const& _tags,
+                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo );
+
+        friend void setTags( TestCaseInfo& testCaseInfo, std::vector<std::string> tags );
+
+        bool isHidden() const;
+        bool throws() const;
+        bool okToFail() const;
+        bool expectedToFail() const;
+
+        std::string tagsAsString() const;
+
+        std::string name;
+        std::string className;
+        std::string description;
+        std::vector<std::string> tags;
+        std::vector<std::string> lcaseTags;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+        SpecialProperties properties;
+    };
+
+    class TestCase : public TestCaseInfo {
+    public:
+
+        TestCase( ITestInvoker* testCase, TestCaseInfo&& info );
+
+        TestCase withName( std::string const& _newName ) const;
+
+        void invoke() const;
+
+        TestCaseInfo const& getTestCaseInfo() const;
+
+        bool operator == ( TestCase const& other ) const;
+        bool operator < ( TestCase const& other ) const;
+
+    private:
+        std::shared_ptr<ITestInvoker> test;
+    };
+
+    TestCase makeTestCase(  ITestInvoker* testCase,
+                            std::string const& className,
+                            NameAndTags const& nameAndTags,
+                            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
+}
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_case_info.h
+// start catch_interfaces_runner.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IRunner {
+        virtual ~IRunner();
+        virtual bool aborting() const = 0;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_interfaces_runner.h
+
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+// start catch_objc.hpp
+
+#import <objc/runtime.h>
+
+#include <string>
+
+// NB. Any general catch headers included here must be included
+// in catch.hpp first to make sure they are included by the single
+// header for non obj-usage
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+// This protocol is really only here for (self) documenting purposes, since
+// all its methods are optional.
+@protocol OcFixture
+
+@optional
+
+-(void) setUp;
+-(void) tearDown;
+
+@end
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class OcMethod : public ITestInvoker {
+
+    public:
+        OcMethod( Class cls, SEL sel ) : m_cls( cls ), m_sel( sel ) {}
+
+        virtual void invoke() const {
+            id obj = [[m_cls alloc] init];
+
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(setUp)  );
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, m_sel );
+            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(tearDown)  );
+
+            arcSafeRelease( obj );
+        }
+    private:
+        virtual ~OcMethod() {}
+
+        Class m_cls;
+        SEL m_sel;
+    };
+
+    namespace Detail{
+
+        inline std::string getAnnotation(   Class cls,
+                                            std::string const& annotationName,
+                                            std::string const& testCaseName ) {
+            NSString* selStr = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@"Catch_%s_%s", annotationName.c_str(), testCaseName.c_str()];
+            SEL sel = NSSelectorFromString( selStr );
+            arcSafeRelease( selStr );
+            id value = performOptionalSelector( cls, sel );
+            if( value )
+                return [(NSString*)value UTF8String];
+            return "";
+        }
+    }
+
+    inline std::size_t registerTestMethods() {
+        std::size_t noTestMethods = 0;
+        int noClasses = objc_getClassList( nullptr, 0 );
+
+        Class* classes = (CATCH_UNSAFE_UNRETAINED Class *)malloc( sizeof(Class) * noClasses);
+        objc_getClassList( classes, noClasses );
+
+        for( int c = 0; c < noClasses; c++ ) {
+            Class cls = classes[c];
+            {
+                u_int count;
+                Method* methods = class_copyMethodList( cls, &count );
+                for( u_int m = 0; m < count ; m++ ) {
+                    SEL selector = method_getName(methods[m]);
+                    std::string methodName = sel_getName(selector);
+                    if( startsWith( methodName, "Catch_TestCase_" ) ) {
+                        std::string testCaseName = methodName.substr( 15 );
+                        std::string name = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Name", testCaseName );
+                        std::string desc = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Description", testCaseName );
+                        const char* className = class_getName( cls );
+
+                        getMutableRegistryHub().registerTest( makeTestCase( new OcMethod( cls, selector ), className, NameAndTags( name.c_str(), desc.c_str() ), SourceLineInfo("",0) ) );
+                        noTestMethods++;
+                    }
+                }
+                free(methods);
+            }
+        }
+        return noTestMethods;
+    }
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS)
+
+    namespace Matchers {
+        namespace Impl {
+        namespace NSStringMatchers {
+
+            struct StringHolder : MatcherBase<NSString*>{
+                StringHolder( NSString* substr ) : m_substr( [substr copy] ){}
+                StringHolder( StringHolder const& other ) : m_substr( [other.m_substr copy] ){}
+                StringHolder() {
+                    arcSafeRelease( m_substr );
+                }
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return false;
+                }
+
+                NSString* CATCH_ARC_STRONG m_substr;
+            };
+
+            struct Equals : StringHolder {
+                Equals( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str isEqualToString:m_substr];
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "equals string: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+            struct Contains : StringHolder {
+                Contains( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location != NSNotFound;
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "contains string: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+            struct StartsWith : StringHolder {
+                StartsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == 0;
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "starts with: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+            struct EndsWith : StringHolder {
+                EndsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+
+                bool match( NSString* str ) const override {
+                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
+                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == [str length] - [m_substr length];
+                }
+
+                std::string describe() const override {
+                    return "ends with: " + Catch::Detail::stringify( m_substr );
+                }
+            };
+
+        } // namespace NSStringMatchers
+        } // namespace Impl
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals
+            Equals( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains
+            Contains( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith
+            StartsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith( substr ); }
+
+        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith
+            EndsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith( substr ); }
+
+    } // namespace Matchers
+
+    using namespace Matchers;
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_MATCHERS
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#define OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( root, uniqueSuffix ) root##uniqueSuffix
+#define OC_TEST_CASE2( name, desc, uniqueSuffix ) \
++(NSString*) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Name_test_, uniqueSuffix ) \
+{ \
+return @ name; \
+} \
++(NSString*) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Description_test_, uniqueSuffix ) \
+{ \
+return @ desc; \
+} \
+-(void) OC_MAKE_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_TestCase_test_, uniqueSuffix )
+
+#define OC_TEST_CASE( name, desc ) OC_TEST_CASE2( name, desc, __LINE__ )
+
+// end catch_objc.hpp
+#endif
+
+// Benchmarking needs the externally-facing parts of reporters to work
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_EXTERNAL_INTERFACES) || defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+// start catch_external_interfaces.h
+
+// start catch_reporter_bases.hpp
+
+// start catch_interfaces_reporter.h
+
+// start catch_config.hpp
+
+// start catch_test_spec_parser.h
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+// start catch_test_spec.h
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#endif
+
+// start catch_wildcard_pattern.h
+
+namespace Catch
+{
+    class WildcardPattern {
+        enum WildcardPosition {
+            NoWildcard = 0,
+            WildcardAtStart = 1,
+            WildcardAtEnd = 2,
+            WildcardAtBothEnds = WildcardAtStart | WildcardAtEnd
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        WildcardPattern( std::string const& pattern, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity );
+        virtual ~WildcardPattern() = default;
+        virtual bool matches( std::string const& str ) const;
+
+    private:
+        std::string normaliseString( std::string const& str ) const;
+        CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
+        WildcardPosition m_wildcard = NoWildcard;
+        std::string m_pattern;
+    };
+}
+
+// end catch_wildcard_pattern.h
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IConfig;
+
+    class TestSpec {
+        class Pattern {
+        public:
+            explicit Pattern( std::string const& name );
+            virtual ~Pattern();
+            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const = 0;
+            std::string const& name() const;
+        private:
+            std::string const m_name;
+        };
+        using PatternPtr = std::shared_ptr<Pattern>;
+
+        class NamePattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            explicit NamePattern( std::string const& name, std::string const& filterString );
+            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            WildcardPattern m_wildcardPattern;
+        };
+
+        class TagPattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            explicit TagPattern( std::string const& tag, std::string const& filterString );
+            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            std::string m_tag;
+        };
+
+        class ExcludedPattern : public Pattern {
+        public:
+            explicit ExcludedPattern( PatternPtr const& underlyingPattern );
+            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const override;
+        private:
+            PatternPtr m_underlyingPattern;
+        };
+
+        struct Filter {
+            std::vector<PatternPtr> m_patterns;
+
+            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const;
+            std::string name() const;
+        };
+
+    public:
+        struct FilterMatch {
+            std::string name;
+            std::vector<TestCase const*> tests;
+        };
+        using Matches = std::vector<FilterMatch>;
+        using vectorStrings = std::vector<std::string>;
+
+        bool hasFilters() const;
+        bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const;
+        Matches matchesByFilter( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, IConfig const& config ) const;
+        const vectorStrings & getInvalidArgs() const;
+
+    private:
+        std::vector<Filter> m_filters;
+        std::vector<std::string> m_invalidArgs;
+        friend class TestSpecParser;
+    };
+}
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_spec.h
+// start catch_interfaces_tag_alias_registry.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct TagAlias;
+
+    struct ITagAliasRegistry {
+        virtual ~ITagAliasRegistry();
+        // Nullptr if not present
+        virtual TagAlias const* find( std::string const& alias ) const = 0;
+        virtual std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const = 0;
+
+        static ITagAliasRegistry const& get();
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_tag_alias_registry.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TestSpecParser {
+        enum Mode{ None, Name, QuotedName, Tag, EscapedName };
+        Mode m_mode = None;
+        Mode lastMode = None;
+        bool m_exclusion = false;
+        std::size_t m_pos = 0;
+        std::size_t m_realPatternPos = 0;
+        std::string m_arg;
+        std::string m_substring;
+        std::string m_patternName;
+        std::vector<std::size_t> m_escapeChars;
+        TestSpec::Filter m_currentFilter;
+        TestSpec m_testSpec;
+        ITagAliasRegistry const* m_tagAliases = nullptr;
+
+    public:
+        TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry const& tagAliases );
+
+        TestSpecParser& parse( std::string const& arg );
+        TestSpec testSpec();
+
+    private:
+        bool visitChar( char c );
+        void startNewMode( Mode mode );
+        bool processNoneChar( char c );
+        void processNameChar( char c );
+        bool processOtherChar( char c );
+        void endMode();
+        void escape();
+        bool isControlChar( char c ) const;
+        void saveLastMode();
+        void revertBackToLastMode();
+        void addFilter();
+        bool separate();
+
+        // Handles common preprocessing of the pattern for name/tag patterns
+        std::string preprocessPattern();
+        // Adds the current pattern as a test name
+        void addNamePattern();
+        // Adds the current pattern as a tag
+        void addTagPattern();
+
+        inline void addCharToPattern(char c) {
+            m_substring += c;
+            m_patternName += c;
+            m_realPatternPos++;
+        }
+
+    };
+    TestSpec parseTestSpec( std::string const& arg );
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+
+// end catch_test_spec_parser.h
+// Libstdc++ doesn't like incomplete classes for unique_ptr
+
+#include <memory>
+#include <vector>
+#include <string>
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IStream;
+
+    struct ConfigData {
+        bool listTests = false;
+        bool listTags = false;
+        bool listReporters = false;
+        bool listTestNamesOnly = false;
+
+        bool showSuccessfulTests = false;
+        bool shouldDebugBreak = false;
+        bool noThrow = false;
+        bool showHelp = false;
+        bool showInvisibles = false;
+        bool filenamesAsTags = false;
+        bool libIdentify = false;
+
+        int abortAfter = -1;
+        unsigned int rngSeed = 0;
+
+        bool benchmarkNoAnalysis = false;
+        unsigned int benchmarkSamples = 100;
+        double benchmarkConfidenceInterval = 0.95;
+        unsigned int benchmarkResamples = 100000;
+        std::chrono::milliseconds::rep benchmarkWarmupTime = 100;
+
+        Verbosity verbosity = Verbosity::Normal;
+        WarnAbout::What warnings = WarnAbout::Nothing;
+        ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations = ShowDurations::DefaultForReporter;
+        double minDuration = -1;
+        RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+        UseColour::YesOrNo useColour = UseColour::Auto;
+        WaitForKeypress::When waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::Never;
+
+        std::string outputFilename;
+        std::string name;
+        std::string processName;
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER "console"
+#endif
+        std::string reporterName = CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER;
+#undef CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER
+
+        std::vector<std::string> testsOrTags;
+        std::vector<std::string> sectionsToRun;
+    };
+
+    class Config : public IConfig {
+    public:
+
+        Config() = default;
+        Config( ConfigData const& data );
+        virtual ~Config() = default;
+
+        std::string const& getFilename() const;
+
+        bool listTests() const;
+        bool listTestNamesOnly() const;
+        bool listTags() const;
+        bool listReporters() const;
+
+        std::string getProcessName() const;
+        std::string const& getReporterName() const;
+
+        std::vector<std::string> const& getTestsOrTags() const override;
+        std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const override;
+
+        TestSpec const& testSpec() const override;
+        bool hasTestFilters() const override;
+
+        bool showHelp() const;
+
+        // IConfig interface
+        bool allowThrows() const override;
+        std::ostream& stream() const override;
+        std::string name() const override;
+        bool includeSuccessfulResults() const override;
+        bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const override;
+        bool warnAboutNoTests() const override;
+        ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const override;
+        double minDuration() const override;
+        RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const override;
+        unsigned int rngSeed() const override;
+        UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const override;
+        bool shouldDebugBreak() const override;
+        int abortAfter() const override;
+        bool showInvisibles() const override;
+        Verbosity verbosity() const override;
+        bool benchmarkNoAnalysis() const override;
+        int benchmarkSamples() const override;
+        double benchmarkConfidenceInterval() const override;
+        unsigned int benchmarkResamples() const override;
+        std::chrono::milliseconds benchmarkWarmupTime() const override;
+
+    private:
+
+        IStream const* openStream();
+        ConfigData m_data;
+
+        std::unique_ptr<IStream const> m_stream;
+        TestSpec m_testSpec;
+        bool m_hasTestFilters = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_config.hpp
+// start catch_assertionresult.h
+
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct AssertionResultData
+    {
+        AssertionResultData() = delete;
+
+        AssertionResultData( ResultWas::OfType _resultType, LazyExpression const& _lazyExpression );
+
+        std::string message;
+        mutable std::string reconstructedExpression;
+        LazyExpression lazyExpression;
+        ResultWas::OfType resultType;
+
+        std::string reconstructExpression() const;
+    };
+
+    class AssertionResult {
+    public:
+        AssertionResult() = delete;
+        AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data );
+
+        bool isOk() const;
+        bool succeeded() const;
+        ResultWas::OfType getResultType() const;
+        bool hasExpression() const;
+        bool hasMessage() const;
+        std::string getExpression() const;
+        std::string getExpressionInMacro() const;
+        bool hasExpandedExpression() const;
+        std::string getExpandedExpression() const;
+        std::string getMessage() const;
+        SourceLineInfo getSourceInfo() const;
+        StringRef getTestMacroName() const;
+
+    //protected:
+        AssertionInfo m_info;
+        AssertionResultData m_resultData;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_assertionresult.h
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+// start catch_estimate.hpp
+
+ // Statistics estimates
+
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Duration>
+        struct Estimate {
+            Duration point;
+            Duration lower_bound;
+            Duration upper_bound;
+            double confidence_interval;
+
+            template <typename Duration2>
+            operator Estimate<Duration2>() const {
+                return { point, lower_bound, upper_bound, confidence_interval };
+            }
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_estimate.hpp
+// start catch_outlier_classification.hpp
+
+// Outlier information
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        struct OutlierClassification {
+            int samples_seen = 0;
+            int low_severe = 0;     // more than 3 times IQR below Q1
+            int low_mild = 0;       // 1.5 to 3 times IQR below Q1
+            int high_mild = 0;      // 1.5 to 3 times IQR above Q3
+            int high_severe = 0;    // more than 3 times IQR above Q3
+
+            int total() const {
+                return low_severe + low_mild + high_mild + high_severe;
+            }
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_outlier_classification.hpp
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+#include <string>
+#include <iosfwd>
+#include <map>
+#include <set>
+#include <memory>
+#include <algorithm>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct ReporterConfig {
+        explicit ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig );
+
+        ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig, std::ostream& _stream );
+
+        std::ostream& stream() const;
+        IConfigPtr fullConfig() const;
+
+    private:
+        std::ostream* m_stream;
+        IConfigPtr m_fullConfig;
+    };
+
+    struct ReporterPreferences {
+        bool shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+        bool shouldReportAllAssertions = false;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    struct LazyStat : Option<T> {
+        LazyStat& operator=( T const& _value ) {
+            Option<T>::operator=( _value );
+            used = false;
+            return *this;
+        }
+        void reset() {
+            Option<T>::reset();
+            used = false;
+        }
+        bool used = false;
+    };
+
+    struct TestRunInfo {
+        TestRunInfo( std::string const& _name );
+        std::string name;
+    };
+    struct GroupInfo {
+        GroupInfo(  std::string const& _name,
+                    std::size_t _groupIndex,
+                    std::size_t _groupsCount );
+
+        std::string name;
+        std::size_t groupIndex;
+        std::size_t groupsCounts;
+    };
+
+    struct AssertionStats {
+        AssertionStats( AssertionResult const& _assertionResult,
+                        std::vector<MessageInfo> const& _infoMessages,
+                        Totals const& _totals );
+
+        AssertionStats( AssertionStats const& )              = default;
+        AssertionStats( AssertionStats && )                  = default;
+        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats const& ) = delete;
+        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats && )     = delete;
+        virtual ~AssertionStats();
+
+        AssertionResult assertionResult;
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> infoMessages;
+        Totals totals;
+    };
+
+    struct SectionStats {
+        SectionStats(   SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo,
+                        Counts const& _assertions,
+                        double _durationInSeconds,
+                        bool _missingAssertions );
+        SectionStats( SectionStats const& )              = default;
+        SectionStats( SectionStats && )                  = default;
+        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats const& ) = default;
+        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~SectionStats();
+
+        SectionInfo sectionInfo;
+        Counts assertions;
+        double durationInSeconds;
+        bool missingAssertions;
+    };
+
+    struct TestCaseStats {
+        TestCaseStats(  TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        std::string const& _stdOut,
+                        std::string const& _stdErr,
+                        bool _aborting );
+
+        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats const& )              = default;
+        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats && )                  = default;
+        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats const& ) = default;
+        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestCaseStats();
+
+        TestCaseInfo testInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        std::string stdOut;
+        std::string stdErr;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+    struct TestGroupStats {
+        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        bool _aborting );
+        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo );
+
+        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats const& )              = default;
+        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats && )                  = default;
+        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats const& ) = default;
+        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestGroupStats();
+
+        GroupInfo groupInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+    struct TestRunStats {
+        TestRunStats(   TestRunInfo const& _runInfo,
+                        Totals const& _totals,
+                        bool _aborting );
+
+        TestRunStats( TestRunStats const& )              = default;
+        TestRunStats( TestRunStats && )                  = default;
+        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats const& ) = default;
+        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats && )     = default;
+        virtual ~TestRunStats();
+
+        TestRunInfo runInfo;
+        Totals totals;
+        bool aborting;
+    };
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+    struct BenchmarkInfo {
+        std::string name;
+        double estimatedDuration;
+        int iterations;
+        int samples;
+        unsigned int resamples;
+        double clockResolution;
+        double clockCost;
+    };
+
+    template <class Duration>
+    struct BenchmarkStats {
+        BenchmarkInfo info;
+
+        std::vector<Duration> samples;
+        Benchmark::Estimate<Duration> mean;
+        Benchmark::Estimate<Duration> standardDeviation;
+        Benchmark::OutlierClassification outliers;
+        double outlierVariance;
+
+        template <typename Duration2>
+        operator BenchmarkStats<Duration2>() const {
+            std::vector<Duration2> samples2;
+            samples2.reserve(samples.size());
+            std::transform(samples.begin(), samples.end(), std::back_inserter(samples2), [](Duration d) { return Duration2(d); });
+            return {
+                info,
+                std::move(samples2),
+                mean,
+                standardDeviation,
+                outliers,
+                outlierVariance,
+            };
+        }
+    };
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+    struct IStreamingReporter {
+        virtual ~IStreamingReporter() = default;
+
+        // Implementing class must also provide the following static methods:
+        // static std::string getDescription();
+        // static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities()
+
+        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const = 0;
+
+        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void reportInvalidArguments(std::string const&) {}
+
+        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
+        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) = 0;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        virtual void benchmarkPreparing( std::string const& ) {}
+        virtual void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& ) {}
+        virtual void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats<> const& ) {}
+        virtual void benchmarkFailed( std::string const& ) {}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) = 0;
+
+        // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
+        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) = 0;
+        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) = 0;
+
+        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
+
+        // Default empty implementation provided
+        virtual void fatalErrorEncountered( StringRef name );
+
+        virtual bool isMulti() const;
+    };
+    using IStreamingReporterPtr = std::unique_ptr<IStreamingReporter>;
+
+    struct IReporterFactory {
+        virtual ~IReporterFactory();
+        virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const = 0;
+        virtual std::string getDescription() const = 0;
+    };
+    using IReporterFactoryPtr = std::shared_ptr<IReporterFactory>;
+
+    struct IReporterRegistry {
+        using FactoryMap = std::map<std::string, IReporterFactoryPtr>;
+        using Listeners = std::vector<IReporterFactoryPtr>;
+
+        virtual ~IReporterRegistry();
+        virtual IStreamingReporterPtr create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const = 0;
+        virtual FactoryMap const& getFactories() const = 0;
+        virtual Listeners const& getListeners() const = 0;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_interfaces_reporter.h
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <cfloat>
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <cassert>
+#include <memory>
+#include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    void prepareExpandedExpression(AssertionResult& result);
+
+    // Returns double formatted as %.3f (format expected on output)
+    std::string getFormattedDuration( double duration );
+
+    //! Should the reporter show
+    bool shouldShowDuration( IConfig const& config, double duration );
+
+    std::string serializeFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& container );
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    struct StreamingReporterBase : IStreamingReporter {
+
+        StreamingReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
+        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
+            stream( _config.stream() )
+        {
+            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+            if( !DerivedT::getSupportedVerbosities().count( m_config->verbosity() ) )
+                CATCH_ERROR( "Verbosity level not supported by this reporter" );
+        }
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override {
+            return m_reporterPrefs;
+        }
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities() {
+            return { Verbosity::Normal };
+        }
+
+        ~StreamingReporterBase() override = default;
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const&) override {}
+
+        void reportInvalidArguments(std::string const&) override {}
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& _testRunInfo) override {
+            currentTestRunInfo = _testRunInfo;
+        }
+
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& _groupInfo) override {
+            currentGroupInfo = _groupInfo;
+        }
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo) override  {
+            currentTestCaseInfo = _testInfo;
+        }
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo) override {
+            m_sectionStack.push_back(_sectionInfo);
+        }
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& /* _sectionStats */) override {
+            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        }
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& /* _testCaseStats */) override {
+            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
+        }
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& /* _testGroupStats */) override {
+            currentGroupInfo.reset();
+        }
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& /* _testRunStats */) override {
+            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
+            currentGroupInfo.reset();
+            currentTestRunInfo.reset();
+        }
+
+        void skipTest(TestCaseInfo const&) override {
+            // Don't do anything with this by default.
+            // It can optionally be overridden in the derived class.
+        }
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        std::ostream& stream;
+
+        LazyStat<TestRunInfo> currentTestRunInfo;
+        LazyStat<GroupInfo> currentGroupInfo;
+        LazyStat<TestCaseInfo> currentTestCaseInfo;
+
+        std::vector<SectionInfo> m_sectionStack;
+        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
+    };
+
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    struct CumulativeReporterBase : IStreamingReporter {
+        template<typename T, typename ChildNodeT>
+        struct Node {
+            explicit Node( T const& _value ) : value( _value ) {}
+            virtual ~Node() {}
+
+            using ChildNodes = std::vector<std::shared_ptr<ChildNodeT>>;
+            T value;
+            ChildNodes children;
+        };
+        struct SectionNode {
+            explicit SectionNode(SectionStats const& _stats) : stats(_stats) {}
+            virtual ~SectionNode() = default;
+
+            bool operator == (SectionNode const& other) const {
+                return stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == other.stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo;
+            }
+            bool operator == (std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> const& other) const {
+                return operator==(*other);
+            }
+
+            SectionStats stats;
+            using ChildSections = std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>>;
+            using Assertions = std::vector<AssertionStats>;
+            ChildSections childSections;
+            Assertions assertions;
+            std::string stdOut;
+            std::string stdErr;
+        };
+
+        struct BySectionInfo {
+            BySectionInfo( SectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other ) {}
+            BySectionInfo( BySectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other.m_other ) {}
+            bool operator() (std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> const& node) const {
+                return ((node->stats.sectionInfo.name == m_other.name) &&
+                        (node->stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == m_other.lineInfo));
+            }
+            void operator=(BySectionInfo const&) = delete;
+
+        private:
+            SectionInfo const& m_other;
+        };
+
+        using TestCaseNode = Node<TestCaseStats, SectionNode>;
+        using TestGroupNode = Node<TestGroupStats, TestCaseNode>;
+        using TestRunNode = Node<TestRunStats, TestGroupNode>;
+
+        CumulativeReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
+        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
+            stream( _config.stream() )
+        {
+            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+            if( !DerivedT::getSupportedVerbosities().count( m_config->verbosity() ) )
+                CATCH_ERROR( "Verbosity level not supported by this reporter" );
+        }
+        ~CumulativeReporterBase() override = default;
+
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override {
+            return m_reporterPrefs;
+        }
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities() {
+            return { Verbosity::Normal };
+        }
+
+        void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& ) override {}
+        void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& ) override {}
+
+        void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& ) override {}
+
+        void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) override {
+            SectionStats incompleteStats( sectionInfo, Counts(), 0, false );
+            std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> node;
+            if( m_sectionStack.empty() ) {
+                if( !m_rootSection )
+                    m_rootSection = std::make_shared<SectionNode>( incompleteStats );
+                node = m_rootSection;
+            }
+            else {
+                SectionNode& parentNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
+                auto it =
+                    std::find_if(   parentNode.childSections.begin(),
+                                    parentNode.childSections.end(),
+                                    BySectionInfo( sectionInfo ) );
+                if( it == parentNode.childSections.end() ) {
+                    node = std::make_shared<SectionNode>( incompleteStats );
+                    parentNode.childSections.push_back( node );
+                }
+                else
+                    node = *it;
+            }
+            m_sectionStack.push_back( node );
+            m_deepestSection = std::move(node);
+        }
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override {}
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override {
+            assert(!m_sectionStack.empty());
+            // AssertionResult holds a pointer to a temporary DecomposedExpression,
+            // which getExpandedExpression() calls to build the expression string.
+            // Our section stack copy of the assertionResult will likely outlive the
+            // temporary, so it must be expanded or discarded now to avoid calling
+            // a destroyed object later.
+            prepareExpandedExpression(const_cast<AssertionResult&>( assertionStats.assertionResult ) );
+            SectionNode& sectionNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
+            sectionNode.assertions.push_back(assertionStats);
+            return true;
+        }
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& sectionStats) override {
+            assert(!m_sectionStack.empty());
+            SectionNode& node = *m_sectionStack.back();
+            node.stats = sectionStats;
+            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        }
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestCaseNode>(testCaseStats);
+            assert(m_sectionStack.size() == 0);
+            node->children.push_back(m_rootSection);
+            m_testCases.push_back(node);
+            m_rootSection.reset();
+
+            assert(m_deepestSection);
+            m_deepestSection->stdOut = testCaseStats.stdOut;
+            m_deepestSection->stdErr = testCaseStats.stdErr;
+        }
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestGroupNode>(testGroupStats);
+            node->children.swap(m_testCases);
+            m_testGroups.push_back(node);
+        }
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& testRunStats) override {
+            auto node = std::make_shared<TestRunNode>(testRunStats);
+            node->children.swap(m_testGroups);
+            m_testRuns.push_back(node);
+            testRunEndedCumulative();
+        }
+        virtual void testRunEndedCumulative() = 0;
+
+        void skipTest(TestCaseInfo const&) override {}
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        std::ostream& stream;
+        std::vector<AssertionStats> m_assertions;
+        std::vector<std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>>> m_sections;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestCaseNode>> m_testCases;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestGroupNode>> m_testGroups;
+
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<TestRunNode>> m_testRuns;
+
+        std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> m_rootSection;
+        std::shared_ptr<SectionNode> m_deepestSection;
+        std::vector<std::shared_ptr<SectionNode>> m_sectionStack;
+        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
+    };
+
+    template<char C>
+    char const* getLineOfChars() {
+        static char line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH] = {0};
+        if( !*line ) {
+            std::memset( line, C, CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1 );
+            line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1] = 0;
+        }
+        return line;
+    }
+
+    struct TestEventListenerBase : StreamingReporterBase<TestEventListenerBase> {
+        TestEventListenerBase( ReporterConfig const& _config );
+
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities();
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const&) override;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_bases.hpp
+// start catch_console_colour.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct Colour {
+        enum Code {
+            None = 0,
+
+            White,
+            Red,
+            Green,
+            Blue,
+            Cyan,
+            Yellow,
+            Grey,
+
+            Bright = 0x10,
+
+            BrightRed = Bright | Red,
+            BrightGreen = Bright | Green,
+            LightGrey = Bright | Grey,
+            BrightWhite = Bright | White,
+            BrightYellow = Bright | Yellow,
+
+            // By intention
+            FileName = LightGrey,
+            Warning = BrightYellow,
+            ResultError = BrightRed,
+            ResultSuccess = BrightGreen,
+            ResultExpectedFailure = Warning,
+
+            Error = BrightRed,
+            Success = Green,
+
+            OriginalExpression = Cyan,
+            ReconstructedExpression = BrightYellow,
+
+            SecondaryText = LightGrey,
+            Headers = White
+        };
+
+        // Use constructed object for RAII guard
+        Colour( Code _colourCode );
+        Colour( Colour&& other ) noexcept;
+        Colour& operator=( Colour&& other ) noexcept;
+        ~Colour();
+
+        // Use static method for one-shot changes
+        static void use( Code _colourCode );
+
+    private:
+        bool m_moved = false;
+    };
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Colour const& );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_console_colour.h
+// start catch_reporter_registrars.hpp
+
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ReporterRegistrar {
+
+        class ReporterFactory : public IReporterFactory {
+
+            IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const override {
+                return std::unique_ptr<T>( new T( config ) );
+            }
+
+            std::string getDescription() const override {
+                return T::getDescription();
+            }
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        explicit ReporterRegistrar( std::string const& name ) {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerReporter( name, std::make_shared<ReporterFactory>() );
+        }
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ListenerRegistrar {
+
+        class ListenerFactory : public IReporterFactory {
+
+            IStreamingReporterPtr create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const override {
+                return std::unique_ptr<T>( new T( config ) );
+            }
+            std::string getDescription() const override {
+                return std::string();
+            }
+        };
+
+    public:
+
+        ListenerRegistrar() {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerListener( std::make_shared<ListenerFactory>() );
+        }
+    };
+}
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE)
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( name, reporterType ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION         \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS          \
+    namespace{ Catch::ReporterRegistrar<reporterType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##reporterType( name ); } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER( listenerType ) \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION   \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS    \
+    namespace{ Catch::ListenerRegistrar<listenerType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##listenerType; } \
+    CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
+#else // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
+
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER(name, reporterType)
+#define CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER(listenerType)
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE
+
+// end catch_reporter_registrars.hpp
+// Allow users to base their work off existing reporters
+// start catch_reporter_compact.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct CompactReporter : StreamingReporterBase<CompactReporter> {
+
+        using StreamingReporterBase::StreamingReporterBase;
+
+        ~CompactReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& spec) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& _assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& _testRunStats) override;
+
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_compact.h
+// start catch_reporter_console.h
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4061) // Not all labels are EXPLICITLY handled in switch
+                              // Note that 4062 (not all labels are handled
+                              // and default is missing) is enabled
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+    // Fwd decls
+    struct SummaryColumn;
+    class TablePrinter;
+
+    struct ConsoleReporter : StreamingReporterBase<ConsoleReporter> {
+        std::unique_ptr<TablePrinter> m_tablePrinter;
+
+        ConsoleReporter(ReporterConfig const& config);
+        ~ConsoleReporter() override;
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& spec) override;
+
+        void reportInvalidArguments(std::string const&arg) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& _assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo) override;
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) override;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        void benchmarkPreparing(std::string const& name) override;
+        void benchmarkStarting(BenchmarkInfo const& info) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded(BenchmarkStats<> const& stats) override;
+        void benchmarkFailed(std::string const& error) override;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& _testCaseStats) override;
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& _testGroupStats) override;
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& _testRunStats) override;
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& _testRunInfo) override;
+    private:
+
+        void lazyPrint();
+
+        void lazyPrintWithoutClosingBenchmarkTable();
+        void lazyPrintRunInfo();
+        void lazyPrintGroupInfo();
+        void printTestCaseAndSectionHeader();
+
+        void printClosedHeader(std::string const& _name);
+        void printOpenHeader(std::string const& _name);
+
+        // if string has a : in first line will set indent to follow it on
+        // subsequent lines
+        void printHeaderString(std::string const& _string, std::size_t indent = 0);
+
+        void printTotals(Totals const& totals);
+        void printSummaryRow(std::string const& label, std::vector<SummaryColumn> const& cols, std::size_t row);
+
+        void printTotalsDivider(Totals const& totals);
+        void printSummaryDivider();
+        void printTestFilters();
+
+    private:
+        bool m_headerPrinted = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
+
+// end catch_reporter_console.h
+// start catch_reporter_junit.h
+
+// start catch_xmlwriter.h
+
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    enum class XmlFormatting {
+        None = 0x00,
+        Indent = 0x01,
+        Newline = 0x02,
+    };
+
+    XmlFormatting operator | (XmlFormatting lhs, XmlFormatting rhs);
+    XmlFormatting operator & (XmlFormatting lhs, XmlFormatting rhs);
+
+    class XmlEncode {
+    public:
+        enum ForWhat { ForTextNodes, ForAttributes };
+
+        XmlEncode( std::string const& str, ForWhat forWhat = ForTextNodes );
+
+        void encodeTo( std::ostream& os ) const;
+
+        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, XmlEncode const& xmlEncode );
+
+    private:
+        std::string m_str;
+        ForWhat m_forWhat;
+    };
+
+    class XmlWriter {
+    public:
+
+        class ScopedElement {
+        public:
+            ScopedElement( XmlWriter* writer, XmlFormatting fmt );
+
+            ScopedElement( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept;
+            ScopedElement& operator=( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept;
+
+            ~ScopedElement();
+
+            ScopedElement& writeText( std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent );
+
+            template<typename T>
+            ScopedElement& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
+                m_writer->writeAttribute( name, attribute );
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+        private:
+            mutable XmlWriter* m_writer = nullptr;
+            XmlFormatting m_fmt;
+        };
+
+        XmlWriter( std::ostream& os = Catch::cout() );
+        ~XmlWriter();
+
+        XmlWriter( XmlWriter const& ) = delete;
+        XmlWriter& operator=( XmlWriter const& ) = delete;
+
+        XmlWriter& startElement( std::string const& name, XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent);
+
+        ScopedElement scopedElement( std::string const& name, XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent);
+
+        XmlWriter& endElement(XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent);
+
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, std::string const& attribute );
+
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, bool attribute );
+
+        template<typename T>
+        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << attribute;
+            return writeAttribute( name, rss.str() );
+        }
+
+        XmlWriter& writeText( std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent);
+
+        XmlWriter& writeComment(std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt = XmlFormatting::Newline | XmlFormatting::Indent);
+
+        void writeStylesheetRef( std::string const& url );
+
+        XmlWriter& writeBlankLine();
+
+        void ensureTagClosed();
+
+    private:
+
+        void applyFormatting(XmlFormatting fmt);
+
+        void writeDeclaration();
+
+        void newlineIfNecessary();
+
+        bool m_tagIsOpen = false;
+        bool m_needsNewline = false;
+        std::vector<std::string> m_tags;
+        std::string m_indent;
+        std::ostream& m_os;
+    };
+
+}
+
+// end catch_xmlwriter.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class JunitReporter : public CumulativeReporterBase<JunitReporter> {
+    public:
+        JunitReporter(ReporterConfig const& _config);
+
+        ~JunitReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& /*spec*/) override;
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& runInfo) override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& groupInfo) override;
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo) override;
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override;
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override;
+
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEndedCumulative() override;
+
+        void writeGroup(TestGroupNode const& groupNode, double suiteTime);
+
+        void writeTestCase(TestCaseNode const& testCaseNode);
+
+        void writeSection(std::string const& className,
+                          std::string const& rootName,
+                          SectionNode const& sectionNode);
+
+        void writeAssertions(SectionNode const& sectionNode);
+        void writeAssertion(AssertionStats const& stats);
+
+        XmlWriter xml;
+        Timer suiteTimer;
+        std::string stdOutForSuite;
+        std::string stdErrForSuite;
+        unsigned int unexpectedExceptions = 0;
+        bool m_okToFail = false;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_junit.h
+// start catch_reporter_xml.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    class XmlReporter : public StreamingReporterBase<XmlReporter> {
+    public:
+        XmlReporter(ReporterConfig const& _config);
+
+        ~XmlReporter() override;
+
+        static std::string getDescription();
+
+        virtual std::string getStylesheetRef() const;
+
+        void writeSourceInfo(SourceLineInfo const& sourceInfo);
+
+    public: // StreamingReporterBase
+
+        void noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& s) override;
+
+        void testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& testInfo) override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting(GroupInfo const& groupInfo) override;
+
+        void testCaseStarting(TestCaseInfo const& testInfo) override;
+
+        void sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& sectionInfo) override;
+
+        void assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) override;
+
+        bool assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& assertionStats) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded(SectionStats const& sectionStats) override;
+
+        void testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats) override;
+
+        void testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats) override;
+
+        void testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& testRunStats) override;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        void benchmarkPreparing(std::string const& name) override;
+        void benchmarkStarting(BenchmarkInfo const&) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded(BenchmarkStats<> const&) override;
+        void benchmarkFailed(std::string const&) override;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+    private:
+        Timer m_testCaseTimer;
+        XmlWriter m_xml;
+        int m_sectionDepth = 0;
+    };
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_reporter_xml.h
+
+// end catch_external_interfaces.h
+#endif
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+// start catch_benchmarking_all.hpp
+
+// A proxy header that includes all of the benchmarking headers to allow
+// concise include of the benchmarking features. You should prefer the
+// individual includes in standard use.
+
+// start catch_benchmark.hpp
+
+ // Benchmark
+
+// start catch_chronometer.hpp
+
+// User-facing chronometer
+
+
+// start catch_clock.hpp
+
+// Clocks
+
+
+#include <chrono>
+#include <ratio>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Clock>
+        using ClockDuration = typename Clock::duration;
+        template <typename Clock>
+        using FloatDuration = std::chrono::duration<double, typename Clock::period>;
+
+        template <typename Clock>
+        using TimePoint = typename Clock::time_point;
+
+        using default_clock = std::chrono::steady_clock;
+
+        template <typename Clock>
+        struct now {
+            TimePoint<Clock> operator()() const {
+                return Clock::now();
+            }
+        };
+
+        using fp_seconds = std::chrono::duration<double, std::ratio<1>>;
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_clock.hpp
+// start catch_optimizer.hpp
+
+ // Hinting the optimizer
+
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#   include <atomic> // atomic_thread_fence
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+#if defined(__GNUC__) || defined(__clang__)
+        template <typename T>
+        inline void keep_memory(T* p) {
+            asm volatile("" : : "g"(p) : "memory");
+        }
+        inline void keep_memory() {
+            asm volatile("" : : : "memory");
+        }
+
+        namespace Detail {
+            inline void optimizer_barrier() { keep_memory(); }
+        } // namespace Detail
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+
+#pragma optimize("", off)
+        template <typename T>
+        inline void keep_memory(T* p) {
+            // thanks @milleniumbug
+            *reinterpret_cast<char volatile*>(p) = *reinterpret_cast<char const volatile*>(p);
+        }
+        // TODO equivalent keep_memory()
+#pragma optimize("", on)
+
+        namespace Detail {
+            inline void optimizer_barrier() {
+                std::atomic_thread_fence(std::memory_order_seq_cst);
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+
+#endif
+
+        template <typename T>
+        inline void deoptimize_value(T&& x) {
+            keep_memory(&x);
+        }
+
+        template <typename Fn, typename... Args>
+        inline auto invoke_deoptimized(Fn&& fn, Args&&... args) -> typename std::enable_if<!std::is_same<void, decltype(fn(args...))>::value>::type {
+            deoptimize_value(std::forward<Fn>(fn) (std::forward<Args...>(args...)));
+        }
+
+        template <typename Fn, typename... Args>
+        inline auto invoke_deoptimized(Fn&& fn, Args&&... args) -> typename std::enable_if<std::is_same<void, decltype(fn(args...))>::value>::type {
+            std::forward<Fn>(fn) (std::forward<Args...>(args...));
+        }
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_optimizer.hpp
+// start catch_complete_invoke.hpp
+
+// Invoke with a special case for void
+
+
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <utility>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename T>
+            struct CompleteType { using type = T; };
+            template <>
+            struct CompleteType<void> { struct type {}; };
+
+            template <typename T>
+            using CompleteType_t = typename CompleteType<T>::type;
+
+            template <typename Result>
+            struct CompleteInvoker {
+                template <typename Fun, typename... Args>
+                static Result invoke(Fun&& fun, Args&&... args) {
+                    return std::forward<Fun>(fun)(std::forward<Args>(args)...);
+                }
+            };
+            template <>
+            struct CompleteInvoker<void> {
+                template <typename Fun, typename... Args>
+                static CompleteType_t<void> invoke(Fun&& fun, Args&&... args) {
+                    std::forward<Fun>(fun)(std::forward<Args>(args)...);
+                    return {};
+                }
+            };
+
+            // invoke and not return void :(
+            template <typename Fun, typename... Args>
+            CompleteType_t<FunctionReturnType<Fun, Args...>> complete_invoke(Fun&& fun, Args&&... args) {
+                return CompleteInvoker<FunctionReturnType<Fun, Args...>>::invoke(std::forward<Fun>(fun), std::forward<Args>(args)...);
+            }
+
+            const std::string benchmarkErrorMsg = "a benchmark failed to run successfully";
+        } // namespace Detail
+
+        template <typename Fun>
+        Detail::CompleteType_t<FunctionReturnType<Fun>> user_code(Fun&& fun) {
+            CATCH_TRY{
+                return Detail::complete_invoke(std::forward<Fun>(fun));
+            } CATCH_CATCH_ALL{
+                getResultCapture().benchmarkFailed(translateActiveException());
+                CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR(Detail::benchmarkErrorMsg);
+            }
+        }
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_complete_invoke.hpp
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            struct ChronometerConcept {
+                virtual void start() = 0;
+                virtual void finish() = 0;
+                virtual ~ChronometerConcept() = default;
+            };
+            template <typename Clock>
+            struct ChronometerModel final : public ChronometerConcept {
+                void start() override { started = Clock::now(); }
+                void finish() override { finished = Clock::now(); }
+
+                ClockDuration<Clock> elapsed() const { return finished - started; }
+
+                TimePoint<Clock> started;
+                TimePoint<Clock> finished;
+            };
+        } // namespace Detail
+
+        struct Chronometer {
+        public:
+            template <typename Fun>
+            void measure(Fun&& fun) { measure(std::forward<Fun>(fun), is_callable<Fun(int)>()); }
+
+            int runs() const { return k; }
+
+            Chronometer(Detail::ChronometerConcept& meter, int k)
+                : impl(&meter)
+                , k(k) {}
+
+        private:
+            template <typename Fun>
+            void measure(Fun&& fun, std::false_type) {
+                measure([&fun](int) { return fun(); }, std::true_type());
+            }
+
+            template <typename Fun>
+            void measure(Fun&& fun, std::true_type) {
+                Detail::optimizer_barrier();
+                impl->start();
+                for (int i = 0; i < k; ++i) invoke_deoptimized(fun, i);
+                impl->finish();
+                Detail::optimizer_barrier();
+            }
+
+            Detail::ChronometerConcept* impl;
+            int k;
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_chronometer.hpp
+// start catch_environment.hpp
+
+// Environment information
+
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Duration>
+        struct EnvironmentEstimate {
+            Duration mean;
+            OutlierClassification outliers;
+
+            template <typename Duration2>
+            operator EnvironmentEstimate<Duration2>() const {
+                return { mean, outliers };
+            }
+        };
+        template <typename Clock>
+        struct Environment {
+            using clock_type = Clock;
+            EnvironmentEstimate<FloatDuration<Clock>> clock_resolution;
+            EnvironmentEstimate<FloatDuration<Clock>> clock_cost;
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_environment.hpp
+// start catch_execution_plan.hpp
+
+ // Execution plan
+
+
+// start catch_benchmark_function.hpp
+
+ // Dumb std::function implementation for consistent call overhead
+
+
+#include <cassert>
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <utility>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename T>
+            using Decay = typename std::decay<T>::type;
+            template <typename T, typename U>
+            struct is_related
+                : std::is_same<Decay<T>, Decay<U>> {};
+
+            /// We need to reinvent std::function because every piece of code that might add overhead
+            /// in a measurement context needs to have consistent performance characteristics so that we
+            /// can account for it in the measurement.
+            /// Implementations of std::function with optimizations that aren't always applicable, like
+            /// small buffer optimizations, are not uncommon.
+            /// This is effectively an implementation of std::function without any such optimizations;
+            /// it may be slow, but it is consistently slow.
+            struct BenchmarkFunction {
+            private:
+                struct callable {
+                    virtual void call(Chronometer meter) const = 0;
+                    virtual callable* clone() const = 0;
+                    virtual ~callable() = default;
+                };
+                template <typename Fun>
+                struct model : public callable {
+                    model(Fun&& fun) : fun(std::move(fun)) {}
+                    model(Fun const& fun) : fun(fun) {}
+
+                    model<Fun>* clone() const override { return new model<Fun>(*this); }
+
+                    void call(Chronometer meter) const override {
+                        call(meter, is_callable<Fun(Chronometer)>());
+                    }
+                    void call(Chronometer meter, std::true_type) const {
+                        fun(meter);
+                    }
+                    void call(Chronometer meter, std::false_type) const {
+                        meter.measure(fun);
+                    }
+
+                    Fun fun;
+                };
+
+                struct do_nothing { void operator()() const {} };
+
+                template <typename T>
+                BenchmarkFunction(model<T>* c) : f(c) {}
+
+            public:
+                BenchmarkFunction()
+                    : f(new model<do_nothing>{ {} }) {}
+
+                template <typename Fun,
+                    typename std::enable_if<!is_related<Fun, BenchmarkFunction>::value, int>::type = 0>
+                    BenchmarkFunction(Fun&& fun)
+                    : f(new model<typename std::decay<Fun>::type>(std::forward<Fun>(fun))) {}
+
+                BenchmarkFunction(BenchmarkFunction&& that)
+                    : f(std::move(that.f)) {}
+
+                BenchmarkFunction(BenchmarkFunction const& that)
+                    : f(that.f->clone()) {}
+
+                BenchmarkFunction& operator=(BenchmarkFunction&& that) {
+                    f = std::move(that.f);
+                    return *this;
+                }
+
+                BenchmarkFunction& operator=(BenchmarkFunction const& that) {
+                    f.reset(that.f->clone());
+                    return *this;
+                }
+
+                void operator()(Chronometer meter) const { f->call(meter); }
+
+            private:
+                std::unique_ptr<callable> f;
+            };
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_benchmark_function.hpp
+// start catch_repeat.hpp
+
+// repeat algorithm
+
+
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <utility>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename Fun>
+            struct repeater {
+                void operator()(int k) const {
+                    for (int i = 0; i < k; ++i) {
+                        fun();
+                    }
+                }
+                Fun fun;
+            };
+            template <typename Fun>
+            repeater<typename std::decay<Fun>::type> repeat(Fun&& fun) {
+                return { std::forward<Fun>(fun) };
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_repeat.hpp
+// start catch_run_for_at_least.hpp
+
+// Run a function for a minimum amount of time
+
+
+// start catch_measure.hpp
+
+// Measure
+
+
+// start catch_timing.hpp
+
+// Timing
+
+
+#include <tuple>
+#include <type_traits>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Duration, typename Result>
+        struct Timing {
+            Duration elapsed;
+            Result result;
+            int iterations;
+        };
+        template <typename Clock, typename Func, typename... Args>
+        using TimingOf = Timing<ClockDuration<Clock>, Detail::CompleteType_t<FunctionReturnType<Func, Args...>>>;
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_timing.hpp
+#include <utility>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename Clock, typename Fun, typename... Args>
+            TimingOf<Clock, Fun, Args...> measure(Fun&& fun, Args&&... args) {
+                auto start = Clock::now();
+                auto&& r = Detail::complete_invoke(fun, std::forward<Args>(args)...);
+                auto end = Clock::now();
+                auto delta = end - start;
+                return { delta, std::forward<decltype(r)>(r), 1 };
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_measure.hpp
+#include <utility>
+#include <type_traits>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename Clock, typename Fun>
+            TimingOf<Clock, Fun, int> measure_one(Fun&& fun, int iters, std::false_type) {
+                return Detail::measure<Clock>(fun, iters);
+            }
+            template <typename Clock, typename Fun>
+            TimingOf<Clock, Fun, Chronometer> measure_one(Fun&& fun, int iters, std::true_type) {
+                Detail::ChronometerModel<Clock> meter;
+                auto&& result = Detail::complete_invoke(fun, Chronometer(meter, iters));
+
+                return { meter.elapsed(), std::move(result), iters };
+            }
+
+            template <typename Clock, typename Fun>
+            using run_for_at_least_argument_t = typename std::conditional<is_callable<Fun(Chronometer)>::value, Chronometer, int>::type;
+
+            struct optimized_away_error : std::exception {
+                const char* what() const noexcept override {
+                    return "could not measure benchmark, maybe it was optimized away";
+                }
+            };
+
+            template <typename Clock, typename Fun>
+            TimingOf<Clock, Fun, run_for_at_least_argument_t<Clock, Fun>> run_for_at_least(ClockDuration<Clock> how_long, int seed, Fun&& fun) {
+                auto iters = seed;
+                while (iters < (1 << 30)) {
+                    auto&& Timing = measure_one<Clock>(fun, iters, is_callable<Fun(Chronometer)>());
+
+                    if (Timing.elapsed >= how_long) {
+                        return { Timing.elapsed, std::move(Timing.result), iters };
+                    }
+                    iters *= 2;
+                }
+                throw optimized_away_error{};
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_run_for_at_least.hpp
+#include <algorithm>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Duration>
+        struct ExecutionPlan {
+            int iterations_per_sample;
+            Duration estimated_duration;
+            Detail::BenchmarkFunction benchmark;
+            Duration warmup_time;
+            int warmup_iterations;
+
+            template <typename Duration2>
+            operator ExecutionPlan<Duration2>() const {
+                return { iterations_per_sample, estimated_duration, benchmark, warmup_time, warmup_iterations };
+            }
+
+            template <typename Clock>
+            std::vector<FloatDuration<Clock>> run(const IConfig &cfg, Environment<FloatDuration<Clock>> env) const {
+                // warmup a bit
+                Detail::run_for_at_least<Clock>(std::chrono::duration_cast<ClockDuration<Clock>>(warmup_time), warmup_iterations, Detail::repeat(now<Clock>{}));
+
+                std::vector<FloatDuration<Clock>> times;
+                times.reserve(cfg.benchmarkSamples());
+                std::generate_n(std::back_inserter(times), cfg.benchmarkSamples(), [this, env] {
+                    Detail::ChronometerModel<Clock> model;
+                    this->benchmark(Chronometer(model, iterations_per_sample));
+                    auto sample_time = model.elapsed() - env.clock_cost.mean;
+                    if (sample_time < FloatDuration<Clock>::zero()) sample_time = FloatDuration<Clock>::zero();
+                    return sample_time / iterations_per_sample;
+                });
+                return times;
+            }
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_execution_plan.hpp
+// start catch_estimate_clock.hpp
+
+ // Environment measurement
+
+
+// start catch_stats.hpp
+
+// Statistical analysis tools
+
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <functional>
+#include <vector>
+#include <iterator>
+#include <numeric>
+#include <tuple>
+#include <cmath>
+#include <utility>
+#include <cstddef>
+#include <random>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            using sample = std::vector<double>;
+
+            double weighted_average_quantile(int k, int q, std::vector<double>::iterator first, std::vector<double>::iterator last);
+
+            template <typename Iterator>
+            OutlierClassification classify_outliers(Iterator first, Iterator last) {
+                std::vector<double> copy(first, last);
+
+                auto q1 = weighted_average_quantile(1, 4, copy.begin(), copy.end());
+                auto q3 = weighted_average_quantile(3, 4, copy.begin(), copy.end());
+                auto iqr = q3 - q1;
+                auto los = q1 - (iqr * 3.);
+                auto lom = q1 - (iqr * 1.5);
+                auto him = q3 + (iqr * 1.5);
+                auto his = q3 + (iqr * 3.);
+
+                OutlierClassification o;
+                for (; first != last; ++first) {
+                    auto&& t = *first;
+                    if (t < los) ++o.low_severe;
+                    else if (t < lom) ++o.low_mild;
+                    else if (t > his) ++o.high_severe;
+                    else if (t > him) ++o.high_mild;
+                    ++o.samples_seen;
+                }
+                return o;
+            }
+
+            template <typename Iterator>
+            double mean(Iterator first, Iterator last) {
+                auto count = last - first;
+                double sum = std::accumulate(first, last, 0.);
+                return sum / count;
+            }
+
+            template <typename URng, typename Iterator, typename Estimator>
+            sample resample(URng& rng, int resamples, Iterator first, Iterator last, Estimator& estimator) {
+                auto n = last - first;
+                std::uniform_int_distribution<decltype(n)> dist(0, n - 1);
+
+                sample out;
+                out.reserve(resamples);
+                std::generate_n(std::back_inserter(out), resamples, [n, first, &estimator, &dist, &rng] {
+                    std::vector<double> resampled;
+                    resampled.reserve(n);
+                    std::generate_n(std::back_inserter(resampled), n, [first, &dist, &rng] { return first[dist(rng)]; });
+                    return estimator(resampled.begin(), resampled.end());
+                });
+                std::sort(out.begin(), out.end());
+                return out;
+            }
+
+            template <typename Estimator, typename Iterator>
+            sample jackknife(Estimator&& estimator, Iterator first, Iterator last) {
+                auto n = last - first;
+                auto second = std::next(first);
+                sample results;
+                results.reserve(n);
+
+                for (auto it = first; it != last; ++it) {
+                    std::iter_swap(it, first);
+                    results.push_back(estimator(second, last));
+                }
+
+                return results;
+            }
+
+            inline double normal_cdf(double x) {
+                return std::erfc(-x / std::sqrt(2.0)) / 2.0;
+            }
+
+            double erfc_inv(double x);
+
+            double normal_quantile(double p);
+
+            template <typename Iterator, typename Estimator>
+            Estimate<double> bootstrap(double confidence_level, Iterator first, Iterator last, sample const& resample, Estimator&& estimator) {
+                auto n_samples = last - first;
+
+                double point = estimator(first, last);
+                // Degenerate case with a single sample
+                if (n_samples == 1) return { point, point, point, confidence_level };
+
+                sample jack = jackknife(estimator, first, last);
+                double jack_mean = mean(jack.begin(), jack.end());
+                double sum_squares, sum_cubes;
+                std::tie(sum_squares, sum_cubes) = std::accumulate(jack.begin(), jack.end(), std::make_pair(0., 0.), [jack_mean](std::pair<double, double> sqcb, double x) -> std::pair<double, double> {
+                    auto d = jack_mean - x;
+                    auto d2 = d * d;
+                    auto d3 = d2 * d;
+                    return { sqcb.first + d2, sqcb.second + d3 };
+                });
+
+                double accel = sum_cubes / (6 * std::pow(sum_squares, 1.5));
+                int n = static_cast<int>(resample.size());
+                double prob_n = std::count_if(resample.begin(), resample.end(), [point](double x) { return x < point; }) / (double)n;
+                // degenerate case with uniform samples
+                if (prob_n == 0) return { point, point, point, confidence_level };
+
+                double bias = normal_quantile(prob_n);
+                double z1 = normal_quantile((1. - confidence_level) / 2.);
+
+                auto cumn = [n](double x) -> int {
+                    return std::lround(normal_cdf(x) * n); };
+                auto a = [bias, accel](double b) { return bias + b / (1. - accel * b); };
+                double b1 = bias + z1;
+                double b2 = bias - z1;
+                double a1 = a(b1);
+                double a2 = a(b2);
+                auto lo = std::max(cumn(a1), 0);
+                auto hi = std::min(cumn(a2), n - 1);
+
+                return { point, resample[lo], resample[hi], confidence_level };
+            }
+
+            double outlier_variance(Estimate<double> mean, Estimate<double> stddev, int n);
+
+            struct bootstrap_analysis {
+                Estimate<double> mean;
+                Estimate<double> standard_deviation;
+                double outlier_variance;
+            };
+
+            bootstrap_analysis analyse_samples(double confidence_level, int n_resamples, std::vector<double>::iterator first, std::vector<double>::iterator last);
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_stats.hpp
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <iterator>
+#include <tuple>
+#include <vector>
+#include <cmath>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename Clock>
+            std::vector<double> resolution(int k) {
+                std::vector<TimePoint<Clock>> times;
+                times.reserve(k + 1);
+                std::generate_n(std::back_inserter(times), k + 1, now<Clock>{});
+
+                std::vector<double> deltas;
+                deltas.reserve(k);
+                std::transform(std::next(times.begin()), times.end(), times.begin(),
+                    std::back_inserter(deltas),
+                    [](TimePoint<Clock> a, TimePoint<Clock> b) { return static_cast<double>((a - b).count()); });
+
+                return deltas;
+            }
+
+            const auto warmup_iterations = 10000;
+            const auto warmup_time = std::chrono::milliseconds(100);
+            const auto minimum_ticks = 1000;
+            const auto warmup_seed = 10000;
+            const auto clock_resolution_estimation_time = std::chrono::milliseconds(500);
+            const auto clock_cost_estimation_time_limit = std::chrono::seconds(1);
+            const auto clock_cost_estimation_tick_limit = 100000;
+            const auto clock_cost_estimation_time = std::chrono::milliseconds(10);
+            const auto clock_cost_estimation_iterations = 10000;
+
+            template <typename Clock>
+            int warmup() {
+                return run_for_at_least<Clock>(std::chrono::duration_cast<ClockDuration<Clock>>(warmup_time), warmup_seed, &resolution<Clock>)
+                    .iterations;
+            }
+            template <typename Clock>
+            EnvironmentEstimate<FloatDuration<Clock>> estimate_clock_resolution(int iterations) {
+                auto r = run_for_at_least<Clock>(std::chrono::duration_cast<ClockDuration<Clock>>(clock_resolution_estimation_time), iterations, &resolution<Clock>)
+                    .result;
+                return {
+                    FloatDuration<Clock>(mean(r.begin(), r.end())),
+                    classify_outliers(r.begin(), r.end()),
+                };
+            }
+            template <typename Clock>
+            EnvironmentEstimate<FloatDuration<Clock>> estimate_clock_cost(FloatDuration<Clock> resolution) {
+                auto time_limit = std::min(resolution * clock_cost_estimation_tick_limit, FloatDuration<Clock>(clock_cost_estimation_time_limit));
+                auto time_clock = [](int k) {
+                    return Detail::measure<Clock>([k] {
+                        for (int i = 0; i < k; ++i) {
+                            volatile auto ignored = Clock::now();
+                            (void)ignored;
+                        }
+                    }).elapsed;
+                };
+                time_clock(1);
+                int iters = clock_cost_estimation_iterations;
+                auto&& r = run_for_at_least<Clock>(std::chrono::duration_cast<ClockDuration<Clock>>(clock_cost_estimation_time), iters, time_clock);
+                std::vector<double> times;
+                int nsamples = static_cast<int>(std::ceil(time_limit / r.elapsed));
+                times.reserve(nsamples);
+                std::generate_n(std::back_inserter(times), nsamples, [time_clock, &r] {
+                    return static_cast<double>((time_clock(r.iterations) / r.iterations).count());
+                });
+                return {
+                    FloatDuration<Clock>(mean(times.begin(), times.end())),
+                    classify_outliers(times.begin(), times.end()),
+                };
+            }
+
+            template <typename Clock>
+            Environment<FloatDuration<Clock>> measure_environment() {
+                static Environment<FloatDuration<Clock>>* env = nullptr;
+                if (env) {
+                    return *env;
+                }
+
+                auto iters = Detail::warmup<Clock>();
+                auto resolution = Detail::estimate_clock_resolution<Clock>(iters);
+                auto cost = Detail::estimate_clock_cost<Clock>(resolution.mean);
+
+                env = new Environment<FloatDuration<Clock>>{ resolution, cost };
+                return *env;
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_estimate_clock.hpp
+// start catch_analyse.hpp
+
+ // Run and analyse one benchmark
+
+
+// start catch_sample_analysis.hpp
+
+// Benchmark results
+
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <vector>
+#include <string>
+#include <iterator>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        template <typename Duration>
+        struct SampleAnalysis {
+            std::vector<Duration> samples;
+            Estimate<Duration> mean;
+            Estimate<Duration> standard_deviation;
+            OutlierClassification outliers;
+            double outlier_variance;
+
+            template <typename Duration2>
+            operator SampleAnalysis<Duration2>() const {
+                std::vector<Duration2> samples2;
+                samples2.reserve(samples.size());
+                std::transform(samples.begin(), samples.end(), std::back_inserter(samples2), [](Duration d) { return Duration2(d); });
+                return {
+                    std::move(samples2),
+                    mean,
+                    standard_deviation,
+                    outliers,
+                    outlier_variance,
+                };
+            }
+        };
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_sample_analysis.hpp
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <iterator>
+#include <vector>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename Duration, typename Iterator>
+            SampleAnalysis<Duration> analyse(const IConfig &cfg, Environment<Duration>, Iterator first, Iterator last) {
+                if (!cfg.benchmarkNoAnalysis()) {
+                    std::vector<double> samples;
+                    samples.reserve(last - first);
+                    std::transform(first, last, std::back_inserter(samples), [](Duration d) { return d.count(); });
+
+                    auto analysis = Catch::Benchmark::Detail::analyse_samples(cfg.benchmarkConfidenceInterval(), cfg.benchmarkResamples(), samples.begin(), samples.end());
+                    auto outliers = Catch::Benchmark::Detail::classify_outliers(samples.begin(), samples.end());
+
+                    auto wrap_estimate = [](Estimate<double> e) {
+                        return Estimate<Duration> {
+                            Duration(e.point),
+                                Duration(e.lower_bound),
+                                Duration(e.upper_bound),
+                                e.confidence_interval,
+                        };
+                    };
+                    std::vector<Duration> samples2;
+                    samples2.reserve(samples.size());
+                    std::transform(samples.begin(), samples.end(), std::back_inserter(samples2), [](double d) { return Duration(d); });
+                    return {
+                        std::move(samples2),
+                        wrap_estimate(analysis.mean),
+                        wrap_estimate(analysis.standard_deviation),
+                        outliers,
+                        analysis.outlier_variance,
+                    };
+                } else {
+                    std::vector<Duration> samples;
+                    samples.reserve(last - first);
+
+                    Duration mean = Duration(0);
+                    int i = 0;
+                    for (auto it = first; it < last; ++it, ++i) {
+                        samples.push_back(Duration(*it));
+                        mean += Duration(*it);
+                    }
+                    mean /= i;
+
+                    return {
+                        std::move(samples),
+                        Estimate<Duration>{mean, mean, mean, 0.0},
+                        Estimate<Duration>{Duration(0), Duration(0), Duration(0), 0.0},
+                        OutlierClassification{},
+                        0.0
+                    };
+                }
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_analyse.hpp
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <functional>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <cmath>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        struct Benchmark {
+            Benchmark(std::string &&name)
+                : name(std::move(name)) {}
+
+            template <class FUN>
+            Benchmark(std::string &&name, FUN &&func)
+                : fun(std::move(func)), name(std::move(name)) {}
+
+            template <typename Clock>
+            ExecutionPlan<FloatDuration<Clock>> prepare(const IConfig &cfg, Environment<FloatDuration<Clock>> env) const {
+                auto min_time = env.clock_resolution.mean * Detail::minimum_ticks;
+                auto run_time = std::max(min_time, std::chrono::duration_cast<decltype(min_time)>(cfg.benchmarkWarmupTime()));
+                auto&& test = Detail::run_for_at_least<Clock>(std::chrono::duration_cast<ClockDuration<Clock>>(run_time), 1, fun);
+                int new_iters = static_cast<int>(std::ceil(min_time * test.iterations / test.elapsed));
+                return { new_iters, test.elapsed / test.iterations * new_iters * cfg.benchmarkSamples(), fun, std::chrono::duration_cast<FloatDuration<Clock>>(cfg.benchmarkWarmupTime()), Detail::warmup_iterations };
+            }
+
+            template <typename Clock = default_clock>
+            void run() {
+                IConfigPtr cfg = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
+
+                auto env = Detail::measure_environment<Clock>();
+
+                getResultCapture().benchmarkPreparing(name);
+                CATCH_TRY{
+                    auto plan = user_code([&] {
+                        return prepare<Clock>(*cfg, env);
+                    });
+
+                    BenchmarkInfo info {
+                        name,
+                        plan.estimated_duration.count(),
+                        plan.iterations_per_sample,
+                        cfg->benchmarkSamples(),
+                        cfg->benchmarkResamples(),
+                        env.clock_resolution.mean.count(),
+                        env.clock_cost.mean.count()
+                    };
+
+                    getResultCapture().benchmarkStarting(info);
+
+                    auto samples = user_code([&] {
+                        return plan.template run<Clock>(*cfg, env);
+                    });
+
+                    auto analysis = Detail::analyse(*cfg, env, samples.begin(), samples.end());
+                    BenchmarkStats<FloatDuration<Clock>> stats{ info, analysis.samples, analysis.mean, analysis.standard_deviation, analysis.outliers, analysis.outlier_variance };
+                    getResultCapture().benchmarkEnded(stats);
+
+                } CATCH_CATCH_ALL{
+                    if (translateActiveException() != Detail::benchmarkErrorMsg) // benchmark errors have been reported, otherwise rethrow.
+                        std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+                }
+            }
+
+            // sets lambda to be used in fun *and* executes benchmark!
+            template <typename Fun,
+                typename std::enable_if<!Detail::is_related<Fun, Benchmark>::value, int>::type = 0>
+                Benchmark & operator=(Fun func) {
+                fun = Detail::BenchmarkFunction(func);
+                run();
+                return *this;
+            }
+
+            explicit operator bool() {
+                return true;
+            }
+
+        private:
+            Detail::BenchmarkFunction fun;
+            std::string name;
+        };
+    }
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_GET_1_ARG(arg1, arg2, ...) arg1
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_GET_2_ARG(arg1, arg2, ...) arg2
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_BENCHMARK(BenchmarkName, name, benchmarkIndex)\
+    if( Catch::Benchmark::Benchmark BenchmarkName{name} ) \
+        BenchmarkName = [&](int benchmarkIndex)
+
+#define INTERNAL_CATCH_BENCHMARK_ADVANCED(BenchmarkName, name)\
+    if( Catch::Benchmark::Benchmark BenchmarkName{name} ) \
+        BenchmarkName = [&]
+
+// end catch_benchmark.hpp
+// start catch_constructor.hpp
+
+// Constructor and destructor helpers
+
+
+#include <type_traits>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+            template <typename T, bool Destruct>
+            struct ObjectStorage
+            {
+                using TStorage = typename std::aligned_storage<sizeof(T), std::alignment_of<T>::value>::type;
+
+                ObjectStorage() : data() {}
+
+                ObjectStorage(const ObjectStorage& other)
+                {
+                    new(&data) T(other.stored_object());
+                }
+
+                ObjectStorage(ObjectStorage&& other)
+                {
+                    new(&data) T(std::move(other.stored_object()));
+                }
+
+                ~ObjectStorage() { destruct_on_exit<T>(); }
+
+                template <typename... Args>
+                void construct(Args&&... args)
+                {
+                    new (&data) T(std::forward<Args>(args)...);
+                }
+
+                template <bool AllowManualDestruction = !Destruct>
+                typename std::enable_if<AllowManualDestruction>::type destruct()
+                {
+                    stored_object().~T();
+                }
+
+            private:
+                // If this is a constructor benchmark, destruct the underlying object
+                template <typename U>
+                void destruct_on_exit(typename std::enable_if<Destruct, U>::type* = 0) { destruct<true>(); }
+                // Otherwise, don't
+                template <typename U>
+                void destruct_on_exit(typename std::enable_if<!Destruct, U>::type* = 0) { }
+
+                T& stored_object() {
+                    return *static_cast<T*>(static_cast<void*>(&data));
+                }
+
+                T const& stored_object() const {
+                    return *static_cast<T*>(static_cast<void*>(&data));
+                }
+
+                TStorage data;
+            };
+        }
+
+        template <typename T>
+        using storage_for = Detail::ObjectStorage<T, true>;
+
+        template <typename T>
+        using destructable_object = Detail::ObjectStorage<T, false>;
+    }
+}
+
+// end catch_constructor.hpp
+// end catch_benchmarking_all.hpp
+#endif
+
+#endif // ! CATCH_CONFIG_IMPL_ONLY
+
+#ifdef CATCH_IMPL
+// start catch_impl.hpp
+
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wweak-vtables"
+#endif
+
+// Keep these here for external reporters
+// start catch_test_case_tracker.h
+
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace TestCaseTracking {
+
+    struct NameAndLocation {
+        std::string name;
+        SourceLineInfo location;
+
+        NameAndLocation( std::string const& _name, SourceLineInfo const& _location );
+        friend bool operator==(NameAndLocation const& lhs, NameAndLocation const& rhs) {
+            return lhs.name == rhs.name
+                && lhs.location == rhs.location;
+        }
+    };
+
+    class ITracker;
+
+    using ITrackerPtr = std::shared_ptr<ITracker>;
+
+    class  ITracker {
+        NameAndLocation m_nameAndLocation;
+
+    public:
+        ITracker(NameAndLocation const& nameAndLoc) :
+            m_nameAndLocation(nameAndLoc)
+        {}
+
+        // static queries
+        NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation() const {
+            return m_nameAndLocation;
+        }
+
+        virtual ~ITracker();
+
+        // dynamic queries
+        virtual bool isComplete() const = 0; // Successfully completed or failed
+        virtual bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const = 0;
+        virtual bool isOpen() const = 0; // Started but not complete
+        virtual bool hasChildren() const = 0;
+        virtual bool hasStarted() const = 0;
+
+        virtual ITracker& parent() = 0;
+
+        // actions
+        virtual void close() = 0; // Successfully complete
+        virtual void fail() = 0;
+        virtual void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() = 0;
+
+        virtual void addChild( ITrackerPtr const& child ) = 0;
+        virtual ITrackerPtr findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) = 0;
+        virtual void openChild() = 0;
+
+        // Debug/ checking
+        virtual bool isSectionTracker() const = 0;
+        virtual bool isGeneratorTracker() const = 0;
+    };
+
+    class TrackerContext {
+
+        enum RunState {
+            NotStarted,
+            Executing,
+            CompletedCycle
+        };
+
+        ITrackerPtr m_rootTracker;
+        ITracker* m_currentTracker = nullptr;
+        RunState m_runState = NotStarted;
+
+    public:
+
+        ITracker& startRun();
+        void endRun();
+
+        void startCycle();
+        void completeCycle();
+
+        bool completedCycle() const;
+        ITracker& currentTracker();
+        void setCurrentTracker( ITracker* tracker );
+    };
+
+    class TrackerBase : public ITracker {
+    protected:
+        enum CycleState {
+            NotStarted,
+            Executing,
+            ExecutingChildren,
+            NeedsAnotherRun,
+            CompletedSuccessfully,
+            Failed
+        };
+
+        using Children = std::vector<ITrackerPtr>;
+        TrackerContext& m_ctx;
+        ITracker* m_parent;
+        Children m_children;
+        CycleState m_runState = NotStarted;
+
+    public:
+        TrackerBase( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent );
+
+        bool isComplete() const override;
+        bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const override;
+        bool isOpen() const override;
+        bool hasChildren() const override;
+        bool hasStarted() const override {
+            return m_runState != NotStarted;
+        }
+
+        void addChild( ITrackerPtr const& child ) override;
+
+        ITrackerPtr findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) override;
+        ITracker& parent() override;
+
+        void openChild() override;
+
+        bool isSectionTracker() const override;
+        bool isGeneratorTracker() const override;
+
+        void open();
+
+        void close() override;
+        void fail() override;
+        void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() override;
+
+    private:
+        void moveToParent();
+        void moveToThis();
+    };
+
+    class SectionTracker : public TrackerBase {
+        std::vector<std::string> m_filters;
+        std::string m_trimmed_name;
+    public:
+        SectionTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent );
+
+        bool isSectionTracker() const override;
+
+        bool isComplete() const override;
+
+        static SectionTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation );
+
+        void tryOpen();
+
+        void addInitialFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters );
+        void addNextFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters );
+        //! Returns filters active in this tracker
+        std::vector<std::string> const& getFilters() const;
+        //! Returns whitespace-trimmed name of the tracked section
+        std::string const& trimmedName() const;
+    };
+
+} // namespace TestCaseTracking
+
+using TestCaseTracking::ITracker;
+using TestCaseTracking::TrackerContext;
+using TestCaseTracking::SectionTracker;
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_test_case_tracker.h
+
+// start catch_leak_detector.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct LeakDetector {
+        LeakDetector();
+        ~LeakDetector();
+    };
+
+}
+// end catch_leak_detector.h
+// Cpp files will be included in the single-header file here
+// start catch_stats.cpp
+
+// Statistical analysis tools
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+
+#include <cassert>
+#include <random>
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC)
+#include <future>
+#endif
+
+namespace {
+    double erf_inv(double x) {
+        // Code accompanying the article "Approximating the erfinv function" in GPU Computing Gems, Volume 2
+        double w, p;
+
+        w = -log((1.0 - x) * (1.0 + x));
+
+        if (w < 6.250000) {
+            w = w - 3.125000;
+            p = -3.6444120640178196996e-21;
+            p = -1.685059138182016589e-19 + p * w;
+            p = 1.2858480715256400167e-18 + p * w;
+            p = 1.115787767802518096e-17 + p * w;
+            p = -1.333171662854620906e-16 + p * w;
+            p = 2.0972767875968561637e-17 + p * w;
+            p = 6.6376381343583238325e-15 + p * w;
+            p = -4.0545662729752068639e-14 + p * w;
+            p = -8.1519341976054721522e-14 + p * w;
+            p = 2.6335093153082322977e-12 + p * w;
+            p = -1.2975133253453532498e-11 + p * w;
+            p = -5.4154120542946279317e-11 + p * w;
+            p = 1.051212273321532285e-09 + p * w;
+            p = -4.1126339803469836976e-09 + p * w;
+            p = -2.9070369957882005086e-08 + p * w;
+            p = 4.2347877827932403518e-07 + p * w;
+            p = -1.3654692000834678645e-06 + p * w;
+            p = -1.3882523362786468719e-05 + p * w;
+            p = 0.0001867342080340571352 + p * w;
+            p = -0.00074070253416626697512 + p * w;
+            p = -0.0060336708714301490533 + p * w;
+            p = 0.24015818242558961693 + p * w;
+            p = 1.6536545626831027356 + p * w;
+        } else if (w < 16.000000) {
+            w = sqrt(w) - 3.250000;
+            p = 2.2137376921775787049e-09;
+            p = 9.0756561938885390979e-08 + p * w;
+            p = -2.7517406297064545428e-07 + p * w;
+            p = 1.8239629214389227755e-08 + p * w;
+            p = 1.5027403968909827627e-06 + p * w;
+            p = -4.013867526981545969e-06 + p * w;
+            p = 2.9234449089955446044e-06 + p * w;
+            p = 1.2475304481671778723e-05 + p * w;
+            p = -4.7318229009055733981e-05 + p * w;
+            p = 6.8284851459573175448e-05 + p * w;
+            p = 2.4031110387097893999e-05 + p * w;
+            p = -0.0003550375203628474796 + p * w;
+            p = 0.00095328937973738049703 + p * w;
+            p = -0.0016882755560235047313 + p * w;
+            p = 0.0024914420961078508066 + p * w;
+            p = -0.0037512085075692412107 + p * w;
+            p = 0.005370914553590063617 + p * w;
+            p = 1.0052589676941592334 + p * w;
+            p = 3.0838856104922207635 + p * w;
+        } else {
+            w = sqrt(w) - 5.000000;
+            p = -2.7109920616438573243e-11;
+            p = -2.5556418169965252055e-10 + p * w;
+            p = 1.5076572693500548083e-09 + p * w;
+            p = -3.7894654401267369937e-09 + p * w;
+            p = 7.6157012080783393804e-09 + p * w;
+            p = -1.4960026627149240478e-08 + p * w;
+            p = 2.9147953450901080826e-08 + p * w;
+            p = -6.7711997758452339498e-08 + p * w;
+            p = 2.2900482228026654717e-07 + p * w;
+            p = -9.9298272942317002539e-07 + p * w;
+            p = 4.5260625972231537039e-06 + p * w;
+            p = -1.9681778105531670567e-05 + p * w;
+            p = 7.5995277030017761139e-05 + p * w;
+            p = -0.00021503011930044477347 + p * w;
+            p = -0.00013871931833623122026 + p * w;
+            p = 1.0103004648645343977 + p * w;
+            p = 4.8499064014085844221 + p * w;
+        }
+        return p * x;
+    }
+
+    double standard_deviation(std::vector<double>::iterator first, std::vector<double>::iterator last) {
+        auto m = Catch::Benchmark::Detail::mean(first, last);
+        double variance = std::accumulate(first, last, 0., [m](double a, double b) {
+            double diff = b - m;
+            return a + diff * diff;
+            }) / (last - first);
+            return std::sqrt(variance);
+    }
+
+}
+
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace Benchmark {
+        namespace Detail {
+
+            double weighted_average_quantile(int k, int q, std::vector<double>::iterator first, std::vector<double>::iterator last) {
+                auto count = last - first;
+                double idx = (count - 1) * k / static_cast<double>(q);
+                int j = static_cast<int>(idx);
+                double g = idx - j;
+                std::nth_element(first, first + j, last);
+                auto xj = first[j];
+                if (g == 0) return xj;
+
+                auto xj1 = *std::min_element(first + (j + 1), last);
+                return xj + g * (xj1 - xj);
+            }
+
+            double erfc_inv(double x) {
+                return erf_inv(1.0 - x);
+            }
+
+            double normal_quantile(double p) {
+                static const double ROOT_TWO = std::sqrt(2.0);
+
+                double result = 0.0;
+                assert(p >= 0 && p <= 1);
+                if (p < 0 || p > 1) {
+                    return result;
+                }
+
+                result = -erfc_inv(2.0 * p);
+                // result *= normal distribution standard deviation (1.0) * sqrt(2)
+                result *= /*sd * */ ROOT_TWO;
+                // result += normal disttribution mean (0)
+                return result;
+            }
+
+            double outlier_variance(Estimate<double> mean, Estimate<double> stddev, int n) {
+                double sb = stddev.point;
+                double mn = mean.point / n;
+                double mg_min = mn / 2.;
+                double sg = std::min(mg_min / 4., sb / std::sqrt(n));
+                double sg2 = sg * sg;
+                double sb2 = sb * sb;
+
+                auto c_max = [n, mn, sb2, sg2](double x) -> double {
+                    double k = mn - x;
+                    double d = k * k;
+                    double nd = n * d;
+                    double k0 = -n * nd;
+                    double k1 = sb2 - n * sg2 + nd;
+                    double det = k1 * k1 - 4 * sg2 * k0;
+                    return (int)(-2. * k0 / (k1 + std::sqrt(det)));
+                };
+
+                auto var_out = [n, sb2, sg2](double c) {
+                    double nc = n - c;
+                    return (nc / n) * (sb2 - nc * sg2);
+                };
+
+                return std::min(var_out(1), var_out(std::min(c_max(0.), c_max(mg_min)))) / sb2;
+            }
+
+            bootstrap_analysis analyse_samples(double confidence_level, int n_resamples, std::vector<double>::iterator first, std::vector<double>::iterator last) {
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_START_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_GLOBALS_WARNINGS
+                static std::random_device entropy;
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_STOP_WARNINGS_SUPPRESSION
+
+                auto n = static_cast<int>(last - first); // seriously, one can't use integral types without hell in C++
+
+                auto mean = &Detail::mean<std::vector<double>::iterator>;
+                auto stddev = &standard_deviation;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_USE_ASYNC)
+                auto Estimate = [=](double(*f)(std::vector<double>::iterator, std::vector<double>::iterator)) {
+                    auto seed = entropy();
+                    return std::async(std::launch::async, [=] {
+                        std::mt19937 rng(seed);
+                        auto resampled = resample(rng, n_resamples, first, last, f);
+                        return bootstrap(confidence_level, first, last, resampled, f);
+                    });
+                };
+
+                auto mean_future = Estimate(mean);
+                auto stddev_future = Estimate(stddev);
+
+                auto mean_estimate = mean_future.get();
+                auto stddev_estimate = stddev_future.get();
+#else
+                auto Estimate = [=](double(*f)(std::vector<double>::iterator, std::vector<double>::iterator)) {
+                    auto seed = entropy();
+                    std::mt19937 rng(seed);
+                    auto resampled = resample(rng, n_resamples, first, last, f);
+                    return bootstrap(confidence_level, first, last, resampled, f);
+                };
+
+                auto mean_estimate = Estimate(mean);
+                auto stddev_estimate = Estimate(stddev);
+#endif // CATCH_USE_ASYNC
+
+                double outlier_variance = Detail::outlier_variance(mean_estimate, stddev_estimate, n);
+
+                return { mean_estimate, stddev_estimate, outlier_variance };
+            }
+        } // namespace Detail
+    } // namespace Benchmark
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+// end catch_stats.cpp
+// start catch_approx.cpp
+
+#include <cmath>
+#include <limits>
+
+namespace {
+
+// Performs equivalent check of std::fabs(lhs - rhs) <= margin
+// But without the subtraction to allow for INFINITY in comparison
+bool marginComparison(double lhs, double rhs, double margin) {
+    return (lhs + margin >= rhs) && (rhs + margin >= lhs);
+}
+
+}
+
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Detail {
+
+    Approx::Approx ( double value )
+    :   m_epsilon( std::numeric_limits<float>::epsilon()*100 ),
+        m_margin( 0.0 ),
+        m_scale( 0.0 ),
+        m_value( value )
+    {}
+
+    Approx Approx::custom() {
+        return Approx( 0 );
+    }
+
+    Approx Approx::operator-() const {
+        auto temp(*this);
+        temp.m_value = -temp.m_value;
+        return temp;
+    }
+
+    std::string Approx::toString() const {
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << "Approx( " << ::Catch::Detail::stringify( m_value ) << " )";
+        return rss.str();
+    }
+
+    bool Approx::equalityComparisonImpl(const double other) const {
+        // First try with fixed margin, then compute margin based on epsilon, scale and Approx's value
+        // Thanks to Richard Harris for his help refining the scaled margin value
+        return marginComparison(m_value, other, m_margin)
+            || marginComparison(m_value, other, m_epsilon * (m_scale + std::fabs(std::isinf(m_value)? 0 : m_value)));
+    }
+
+    void Approx::setMargin(double newMargin) {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(newMargin >= 0,
+            "Invalid Approx::margin: " << newMargin << '.'
+            << " Approx::Margin has to be non-negative.");
+        m_margin = newMargin;
+    }
+
+    void Approx::setEpsilon(double newEpsilon) {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(newEpsilon >= 0 && newEpsilon <= 1.0,
+            "Invalid Approx::epsilon: " << newEpsilon << '.'
+            << " Approx::epsilon has to be in [0, 1]");
+        m_epsilon = newEpsilon;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Detail
+
+namespace literals {
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(long double val) {
+        return Detail::Approx(val);
+    }
+    Detail::Approx operator "" _a(unsigned long long val) {
+        return Detail::Approx(val);
+    }
+} // end namespace literals
+
+std::string StringMaker<Catch::Detail::Approx>::convert(Catch::Detail::Approx const& value) {
+    return value.toString();
+}
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_approx.cpp
+// start catch_assertionhandler.cpp
+
+// start catch_debugger.h
+
+namespace Catch {
+    bool isDebuggerActive();
+}
+
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+
+    #if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP() __asm__("int $3\n" : : ) /* NOLINT */
+    #elif defined(__aarch64__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP()  __asm__(".inst 0xd4200000")
+    #endif
+
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE)
+
+    // use inline assembler
+    #if defined(__i386__) || defined(__x86_64__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP()  __asm__("int $3")
+    #elif defined(__aarch64__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP()  __asm__(".inst 0xd4200000")
+    #elif defined(__arm__) && !defined(__thumb__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP()  __asm__(".inst 0xe7f001f0")
+    #elif defined(__arm__) &&  defined(__thumb__)
+        #define CATCH_TRAP()  __asm__(".inst 0xde01")
+    #endif
+
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
+    // If we can use inline assembler, do it because this allows us to break
+    // directly at the location of the failing check instead of breaking inside
+    // raise() called from it, i.e. one stack frame below.
+    #if defined(__GNUC__) && (defined(__i386) || defined(__x86_64))
+        #define CATCH_TRAP() asm volatile ("int $3") /* NOLINT */
+    #else // Fall back to the generic way.
+        #include <signal.h>
+
+        #define CATCH_TRAP() raise(SIGTRAP)
+    #endif
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #define CATCH_TRAP() __debugbreak()
+#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) void __stdcall DebugBreak();
+    #define CATCH_TRAP() DebugBreak()
+#endif
+
+#ifndef CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER
+    #ifdef CATCH_TRAP
+        #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() []{ if( Catch::isDebuggerActive() ) { CATCH_TRAP(); } }()
+    #else
+        #define CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER() []{}()
+    #endif
+#endif
+
+// end catch_debugger.h
+// start catch_run_context.h
+
+// start catch_fatal_condition.h
+
+// start catch_windows_h_proxy.h
+
+
+#if defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+
+#if !defined(NOMINMAX) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_NOMINMAX)
+#  define CATCH_DEFINED_NOMINMAX
+#  define NOMINMAX
+#endif
+#if !defined(WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN)
+#  define CATCH_DEFINED_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#  define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#endif
+
+#ifdef __AFXDLL
+#include <AfxWin.h>
+#else
+#include <windows.h>
+#endif
+
+#ifdef CATCH_DEFINED_NOMINMAX
+#  undef NOMINMAX
+#endif
+#ifdef CATCH_DEFINED_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#  undef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
+#endif
+
+#endif // defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+
+// end catch_windows_h_proxy.h
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH )
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+
+        static LONG CALLBACK handleVectoredException(PEXCEPTION_POINTERS ExceptionInfo);
+        FatalConditionHandler();
+        static void reset();
+        ~FatalConditionHandler();
+
+    private:
+        static bool isSet;
+        static ULONG guaranteeSize;
+        static PVOID exceptionHandlerHandle;
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#elif defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
+
+#include <signal.h>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+
+        static bool isSet;
+        static struct sigaction oldSigActions[];
+        static stack_t oldSigStack;
+        static char altStackMem[];
+
+        static void handleSignal( int sig );
+
+        FatalConditionHandler();
+        ~FatalConditionHandler();
+        static void reset();
+    };
+
+} // namespace Catch
+
+#else
+
+namespace Catch {
+    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+        void reset();
+    };
+}
+
+#endif
+
+// end catch_fatal_condition.h
+#include <string>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    struct IMutableContext;
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    class RunContext : public IResultCapture, public IRunner {
+
+    public:
+        RunContext( RunContext const& ) = delete;
+        RunContext& operator =( RunContext const& ) = delete;
+
+        explicit RunContext( IConfigPtr const& _config, IStreamingReporterPtr&& reporter );
+
+        ~RunContext() override;
+
+        void testGroupStarting( std::string const& testSpec, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount );
+        void testGroupEnded( std::string const& testSpec, Totals const& totals, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount );
+
+        Totals runTest(TestCase const& testCase);
+
+        IConfigPtr config() const;
+        IStreamingReporter& reporter() const;
+
+    public: // IResultCapture
+
+        // Assertion handlers
+        void handleExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ITransientExpression const& expr,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleMessage
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    StringRef const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleUnexpectedInflightException
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info,
+                    std::string const& message,
+                    AssertionReaction& reaction ) override;
+        void handleIncomplete
+                (   AssertionInfo const& info ) override;
+        void handleNonExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    AssertionReaction &reaction ) override;
+
+        bool sectionStarted( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo, Counts& assertions ) override;
+
+        void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) override;
+        void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) override;
+
+        auto acquireGeneratorTracker( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& override;
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        void benchmarkPreparing( std::string const& name ) override;
+        void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& info ) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats<> const& stats ) override;
+        void benchmarkFailed( std::string const& error ) override;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
+
+        void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) override;
+        void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) override;
+
+        void emplaceUnscopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder ) override;
+
+        std::string getCurrentTestName() const override;
+
+        const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const override;
+
+        void exceptionEarlyReported() override;
+
+        void handleFatalErrorCondition( StringRef message ) override;
+
+        bool lastAssertionPassed() override;
+
+        void assertionPassed() override;
+
+    public:
+        // !TBD We need to do this another way!
+        bool aborting() const final;
+
+    private:
+
+        void runCurrentTest( std::string& redirectedCout, std::string& redirectedCerr );
+        void invokeActiveTestCase();
+
+        void resetAssertionInfo();
+        bool testForMissingAssertions( Counts& assertions );
+
+        void assertionEnded( AssertionResult const& result );
+        void reportExpr
+                (   AssertionInfo const &info,
+                    ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+                    ITransientExpression const *expr,
+                    bool negated );
+
+        void populateReaction( AssertionReaction& reaction );
+
+    private:
+
+        void handleUnfinishedSections();
+
+        TestRunInfo m_runInfo;
+        IMutableContext& m_context;
+        TestCase const* m_activeTestCase = nullptr;
+        ITracker* m_testCaseTracker = nullptr;
+        Option<AssertionResult> m_lastResult;
+
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        Totals m_totals;
+        IStreamingReporterPtr m_reporter;
+        std::vector<MessageInfo> m_messages;
+        std::vector<ScopedMessage> m_messageScopes; /* Keeps owners of so-called unscoped messages. */
+        AssertionInfo m_lastAssertionInfo;
+        std::vector<SectionEndInfo> m_unfinishedSections;
+        std::vector<ITracker*> m_activeSections;
+        TrackerContext m_trackerContext;
+        bool m_lastAssertionPassed = false;
+        bool m_shouldReportUnexpected = true;
+        bool m_includeSuccessfulResults;
+    };
+
+    void seedRng(IConfig const& config);
+    unsigned int rngSeed();
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_run_context.h
+namespace Catch {
+
+    namespace {
+        auto operator <<( std::ostream& os, ITransientExpression const& expr ) -> std::ostream& {
+            expr.streamReconstructedExpression( os );
+            return os;
+        }
+    }
+
+    LazyExpression::LazyExpression( bool isNegated )
+    :   m_isNegated( isNegated )
+    {}
+
+    LazyExpression::LazyExpression( LazyExpression const& other ) : m_isNegated( other.m_isNegated ) {}
+
+    LazyExpression::operator bool() const {
+        return m_transientExpression != nullptr;
+    }
+
+    auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, LazyExpression const& lazyExpr ) -> std::ostream& {
+        if( lazyExpr.m_isNegated )
+            os << "!";
+
+        if( lazyExpr ) {
+            if( lazyExpr.m_isNegated && lazyExpr.m_transientExpression->isBinaryExpression() )
+                os << "(" << *lazyExpr.m_transientExpression << ")";
+            else
+                os << *lazyExpr.m_transientExpression;
+        }
+        else {
+            os << "{** error - unchecked empty expression requested **}";
+        }
+        return os;
+    }
+
+    AssertionHandler::AssertionHandler
+        (   StringRef const& macroName,
+            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+            StringRef capturedExpression,
+            ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition )
+    :   m_assertionInfo{ macroName, lineInfo, capturedExpression, resultDisposition },
+        m_resultCapture( getResultCapture() )
+    {}
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExpr( ITransientExpression const& expr ) {
+        m_resultCapture.handleExpr( m_assertionInfo, expr, m_reaction );
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::handleMessage(ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef const& message) {
+        m_resultCapture.handleMessage( m_assertionInfo, resultType, message, m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    auto AssertionHandler::allowThrows() const -> bool {
+        return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->allowThrows();
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::complete() {
+        setCompleted();
+        if( m_reaction.shouldDebugBreak ) {
+
+            // If you find your debugger stopping you here then go one level up on the
+            // call-stack for the code that caused it (typically a failed assertion)
+
+            // (To go back to the test and change execution, jump over the throw, next)
+            CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER();
+        }
+        if (m_reaction.shouldThrow) {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+            throw Catch::TestFailureException();
+#else
+            CATCH_ERROR( "Test failure requires aborting test!" );
+#endif
+        }
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::setCompleted() {
+        m_completed = true;
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleUnexpectedInflightException() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleUnexpectedInflightException( m_assertionInfo, Catch::translateActiveException(), m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExceptionThrownAsExpected() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+    void AssertionHandler::handleExceptionNotThrownAsExpected() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown( m_assertionInfo, m_reaction );
+    }
+
+    void AssertionHandler::handleThrowingCallSkipped() {
+        m_resultCapture.handleNonExpr(m_assertionInfo, ResultWas::Ok, m_reaction);
+    }
+
+    // This is the overload that takes a string and infers the Equals matcher from it
+    // The more general overload, that takes any string matcher, is in catch_capture_matchers.cpp
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, std::string const& str, StringRef const& matcherString  ) {
+        handleExceptionMatchExpr( handler, Matchers::Equals( str ), matcherString );
+    }
+
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_assertionhandler.cpp
+// start catch_assertionresult.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    AssertionResultData::AssertionResultData(ResultWas::OfType _resultType, LazyExpression const & _lazyExpression):
+        lazyExpression(_lazyExpression),
+        resultType(_resultType) {}
+
+    std::string AssertionResultData::reconstructExpression() const {
+
+        if( reconstructedExpression.empty() ) {
+            if( lazyExpression ) {
+                ReusableStringStream rss;
+                rss << lazyExpression;
+                reconstructedExpression = rss.str();
+            }
+        }
+        return reconstructedExpression;
+    }
+
+    AssertionResult::AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data )
+    :   m_info( info ),
+        m_resultData( data )
+    {}
 
-        template<typename T>
-        struct EqualsMatcher : MatcherBase<std::vector<T>, std::vector<T> > {
+    // Result was a success
+    bool AssertionResult::succeeded() const {
+        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType );
+    }
 
-            EqualsMatcher(std::vector<T> const &comparator) : m_comparator( comparator ) {}
+    // Result was a success, or failure is suppressed
+    bool AssertionResult::isOk() const {
+        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType ) || shouldSuppressFailure( m_info.resultDisposition );
+    }
 
-            bool match(std::vector<T> const &v) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                // !TBD: This currently works if all elements can be compared using !=
-                // - a more general approach would be via a compare template that defaults
-                // to using !=. but could be specialised for, e.g. std::vector<T> etc
-                // - then just call that directly
-                if (m_comparator.size() != v.size())
-                    return false;
-                for (size_t i = 0; i < v.size(); ++i)
-                    if (m_comparator[i] != v[i])
-                        return false;
-                return true;
-            }
-            virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return "Equals: " + Catch::toString( m_comparator );
-            }
-            std::vector<T> const& m_comparator;
-        };
+    ResultWas::OfType AssertionResult::getResultType() const {
+        return m_resultData.resultType;
+    }
 
-    } // namespace Vector
+    bool AssertionResult::hasExpression() const {
+        return !m_info.capturedExpression.empty();
+    }
 
-    // The following functions create the actual matcher objects.
-    // This allows the types to be inferred
+    bool AssertionResult::hasMessage() const {
+        return !m_resultData.message.empty();
+    }
 
-    template<typename T>
-    Vector::ContainsMatcher<T> Contains( std::vector<T> const& comparator ) {
-        return Vector::ContainsMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpression() const {
+        // Possibly overallocating by 3 characters should be basically free
+        std::string expr; expr.reserve(m_info.capturedExpression.size() + 3);
+        if (isFalseTest(m_info.resultDisposition)) {
+            expr += "!(";
+        }
+        expr += m_info.capturedExpression;
+        if (isFalseTest(m_info.resultDisposition)) {
+            expr += ')';
+        }
+        return expr;
     }
 
-    template<typename T>
-    Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T> VectorContains( T const& comparator ) {
-        return Vector::ContainsElementMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpressionInMacro() const {
+        std::string expr;
+        if( m_info.macroName.empty() )
+            expr = static_cast<std::string>(m_info.capturedExpression);
+        else {
+            expr.reserve( m_info.macroName.size() + m_info.capturedExpression.size() + 4 );
+            expr += m_info.macroName;
+            expr += "( ";
+            expr += m_info.capturedExpression;
+            expr += " )";
+        }
+        return expr;
     }
 
-    template<typename T>
-    Vector::EqualsMatcher<T> Equals( std::vector<T> const& comparator ) {
-        return Vector::EqualsMatcher<T>( comparator );
+    bool AssertionResult::hasExpandedExpression() const {
+        return hasExpression() && getExpandedExpression() != getExpression();
     }
 
-} // namespace Matchers
-} // namespace Catch
+    std::string AssertionResult::getExpandedExpression() const {
+        std::string expr = m_resultData.reconstructExpression();
+        return expr.empty()
+                ? getExpression()
+                : expr;
+    }
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_interfaces_tag_alias_registry.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_TAG_ALIAS_REGISTRY_H_INCLUDED
+    std::string AssertionResult::getMessage() const {
+        return m_resultData.message;
+    }
+    SourceLineInfo AssertionResult::getSourceInfo() const {
+        return m_info.lineInfo;
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_tag_alias.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TAG_ALIAS_H_INCLUDED
+    StringRef AssertionResult::getTestMacroName() const {
+        return m_info.macroName;
+    }
 
-#include <string>
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_assertionresult.cpp
+// start catch_capture_matchers.cpp
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct TagAlias {
-        TagAlias( std::string const& _tag, SourceLineInfo _lineInfo ) : tag( _tag ), lineInfo( _lineInfo ) {}
+    using StringMatcher = Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string>;
 
-        std::string tag;
-        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
-    };
+    // This is the general overload that takes a any string matcher
+    // There is another overload, in catch_assertionhandler.h/.cpp, that only takes a string and infers
+    // the Equals matcher (so the header does not mention matchers)
+    void handleExceptionMatchExpr( AssertionHandler& handler, StringMatcher const& matcher, StringRef const& matcherString  ) {
+        std::string exceptionMessage = Catch::translateActiveException();
+        MatchExpr<std::string, StringMatcher const&> expr( exceptionMessage, matcher, matcherString );
+        handler.handleExpr( expr );
+    }
 
-    struct RegistrarForTagAliases {
-        RegistrarForTagAliases( char const* alias, char const* tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
-    };
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_capture_matchers.cpp
+// start catch_commandline.cpp
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+// start catch_commandline.h
 
-#define CATCH_REGISTER_TAG_ALIAS( alias, spec ) namespace{ Catch::RegistrarForTagAliases INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( AutoRegisterTagAlias )( alias, spec, CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ); }
-// #included from: catch_option.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OPTION_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch_clara.h
 
-namespace Catch {
+// Use Catch's value for console width (store Clara's off to the side, if present)
+#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#undef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1
 
-    // An optional type
-    template<typename T>
-    class Option {
-    public:
-        Option() : nullableValue( CATCH_NULL ) {}
-        Option( T const& _value )
-        : nullableValue( new( storage ) T( _value ) )
-        {}
-        Option( Option const& _other )
-        : nullableValue( _other ? new( storage ) T( *_other ) : CATCH_NULL )
-        {}
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wweak-vtables"
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wshadow"
+#endif
 
-        ~Option() {
-            reset();
-        }
+// start clara.hpp
+// Copyright 2017 Two Blue Cubes Ltd. All rights reserved.
+//
+// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
+// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
+//
+// See https://github.com/philsquared/Clara for more details
 
-        Option& operator= ( Option const& _other ) {
-            if( &_other != this ) {
-                reset();
-                if( _other )
-                    nullableValue = new( storage ) T( *_other );
-            }
-            return *this;
-        }
-        Option& operator = ( T const& _value ) {
-            reset();
-            nullableValue = new( storage ) T( _value );
-            return *this;
-        }
+// Clara v1.1.5
 
-        void reset() {
-            if( nullableValue )
-                nullableValue->~T();
-            nullableValue = CATCH_NULL;
-        }
 
-        T& operator*() { return *nullableValue; }
-        T const& operator*() const { return *nullableValue; }
-        T* operator->() { return nullableValue; }
-        const T* operator->() const { return nullableValue; }
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
 
-        T valueOr( T const& defaultValue ) const {
-            return nullableValue ? *nullableValue : defaultValue;
-        }
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
 
-        bool some() const { return nullableValue != CATCH_NULL; }
-        bool none() const { return nullableValue == CATCH_NULL; }
+#ifndef CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+#ifdef __has_include
+#if __has_include(<optional>) && __cplusplus >= 201703L
+#include <optional>
+#define CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE std::optional
+#endif
+#endif
+#endif
 
-        bool operator !() const { return nullableValue == CATCH_NULL; }
-        operator SafeBool::type() const {
-            return SafeBool::makeSafe( some() );
-        }
+// ----------- #included from clara_textflow.hpp -----------
 
-    private:
-        T *nullableValue;
-        union {
-            char storage[sizeof(T)];
+// TextFlowCpp
+//
+// A single-header library for wrapping and laying out basic text, by Phil Nash
+//
+// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
+// file LICENSE.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
+//
+// This project is hosted at https://github.com/philsquared/textflowcpp
 
-            // These are here to force alignment for the storage
-            long double dummy1;
-            void (*dummy2)();
-            long double dummy3;
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-            long long dummy4;
-#endif
-        };
-    };
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+#include <cassert>
+#include <ostream>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <vector>
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
+#endif
 
 namespace Catch {
+namespace clara {
+namespace TextFlow {
 
-    struct ITagAliasRegistry {
-        virtual ~ITagAliasRegistry();
-        virtual Option<TagAlias> find( std::string const& alias ) const = 0;
-        virtual std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const = 0;
+inline auto isWhitespace(char c) -> bool {
+	static std::string chars = " \t\n\r";
+	return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
+inline auto isBreakableBefore(char c) -> bool {
+	static std::string chars = "[({<|";
+	return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
+inline auto isBreakableAfter(char c) -> bool {
+	static std::string chars = "])}>.,:;*+-=&/\\";
+	return chars.find(c) != std::string::npos;
+}
 
-        static ITagAliasRegistry const& get();
-    };
+class Columns;
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+class Column {
+	std::vector<std::string> m_strings;
+	size_t m_width = CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
+	size_t m_indent = 0;
+	size_t m_initialIndent = std::string::npos;
 
-// These files are included here so the single_include script doesn't put them
-// in the conditionally compiled sections
-// #included from: internal/catch_test_case_info.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_CASE_INFO_H_INCLUDED
+public:
+	class iterator {
+		friend Column;
+
+		Column const& m_column;
+		size_t m_stringIndex = 0;
+		size_t m_pos = 0;
+
+		size_t m_len = 0;
+		size_t m_end = 0;
+		bool m_suffix = false;
+
+		iterator(Column const& column, size_t stringIndex)
+			: m_column(column),
+			m_stringIndex(stringIndex) {}
+
+		auto line() const -> std::string const& { return m_column.m_strings[m_stringIndex]; }
+
+		auto isBoundary(size_t at) const -> bool {
+			assert(at > 0);
+			assert(at <= line().size());
+
+			return at == line().size() ||
+				(isWhitespace(line()[at]) && !isWhitespace(line()[at - 1])) ||
+				isBreakableBefore(line()[at]) ||
+				isBreakableAfter(line()[at - 1]);
+		}
+
+		void calcLength() {
+			assert(m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size());
+
+			m_suffix = false;
+			auto width = m_column.m_width - indent();
+			m_end = m_pos;
+			if (line()[m_pos] == '\n') {
+				++m_end;
+			}
+			while (m_end < line().size() && line()[m_end] != '\n')
+				++m_end;
+
+			if (m_end < m_pos + width) {
+				m_len = m_end - m_pos;
+			} else {
+				size_t len = width;
+				while (len > 0 && !isBoundary(m_pos + len))
+					--len;
+				while (len > 0 && isWhitespace(line()[m_pos + len - 1]))
+					--len;
+
+				if (len > 0) {
+					m_len = len;
+				} else {
+					m_suffix = true;
+					m_len = width - 1;
+				}
+			}
+		}
+
+		auto indent() const -> size_t {
+			auto initial = m_pos == 0 && m_stringIndex == 0 ? m_column.m_initialIndent : std::string::npos;
+			return initial == std::string::npos ? m_column.m_indent : initial;
+		}
+
+		auto addIndentAndSuffix(std::string const &plain) const -> std::string {
+			return std::string(indent(), ' ') + (m_suffix ? plain + "-" : plain);
+		}
+
+	public:
+		using difference_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
+		using value_type = std::string;
+		using pointer = value_type * ;
+		using reference = value_type & ;
+		using iterator_category = std::forward_iterator_tag;
+
+		explicit iterator(Column const& column) : m_column(column) {
+			assert(m_column.m_width > m_column.m_indent);
+			assert(m_column.m_initialIndent == std::string::npos || m_column.m_width > m_column.m_initialIndent);
+			calcLength();
+			if (m_len == 0)
+				m_stringIndex++; // Empty string
+		}
+
+		auto operator *() const -> std::string {
+			assert(m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size());
+			assert(m_pos <= m_end);
+			return addIndentAndSuffix(line().substr(m_pos, m_len));
+		}
+
+		auto operator ++() -> iterator& {
+			m_pos += m_len;
+			if (m_pos < line().size() && line()[m_pos] == '\n')
+				m_pos += 1;
+			else
+				while (m_pos < line().size() && isWhitespace(line()[m_pos]))
+					++m_pos;
+
+			if (m_pos == line().size()) {
+				m_pos = 0;
+				++m_stringIndex;
+			}
+			if (m_stringIndex < m_column.m_strings.size())
+				calcLength();
+			return *this;
+		}
+		auto operator ++(int) -> iterator {
+			iterator prev(*this);
+			operator++();
+			return prev;
+		}
+
+		auto operator ==(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+			return
+				m_pos == other.m_pos &&
+				m_stringIndex == other.m_stringIndex &&
+				&m_column == &other.m_column;
+		}
+		auto operator !=(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+			return !operator==(other);
+		}
+	};
+	using const_iterator = iterator;
+
+	explicit Column(std::string const& text) { m_strings.push_back(text); }
+
+	auto width(size_t newWidth) -> Column& {
+		assert(newWidth > 0);
+		m_width = newWidth;
+		return *this;
+	}
+	auto indent(size_t newIndent) -> Column& {
+		m_indent = newIndent;
+		return *this;
+	}
+	auto initialIndent(size_t newIndent) -> Column& {
+		m_initialIndent = newIndent;
+		return *this;
+	}
+
+	auto width() const -> size_t { return m_width; }
+	auto begin() const -> iterator { return iterator(*this); }
+	auto end() const -> iterator { return { *this, m_strings.size() }; }
+
+	inline friend std::ostream& operator << (std::ostream& os, Column const& col) {
+		bool first = true;
+		for (auto line : col) {
+			if (first)
+				first = false;
+			else
+				os << "\n";
+			os << line;
+		}
+		return os;
+	}
+
+	auto operator + (Column const& other)->Columns;
+
+	auto toString() const -> std::string {
+		std::ostringstream oss;
+		oss << *this;
+		return oss.str();
+	}
+};
+
+class Spacer : public Column {
+
+public:
+	explicit Spacer(size_t spaceWidth) : Column("") {
+		width(spaceWidth);
+	}
+};
+
+class Columns {
+	std::vector<Column> m_columns;
+
+public:
+
+	class iterator {
+		friend Columns;
+		struct EndTag {};
+
+		std::vector<Column> const& m_columns;
+		std::vector<Column::iterator> m_iterators;
+		size_t m_activeIterators;
+
+		iterator(Columns const& columns, EndTag)
+			: m_columns(columns.m_columns),
+			m_activeIterators(0) {
+			m_iterators.reserve(m_columns.size());
+
+			for (auto const& col : m_columns)
+				m_iterators.push_back(col.end());
+		}
+
+	public:
+		using difference_type = std::ptrdiff_t;
+		using value_type = std::string;
+		using pointer = value_type * ;
+		using reference = value_type & ;
+		using iterator_category = std::forward_iterator_tag;
+
+		explicit iterator(Columns const& columns)
+			: m_columns(columns.m_columns),
+			m_activeIterators(m_columns.size()) {
+			m_iterators.reserve(m_columns.size());
+
+			for (auto const& col : m_columns)
+				m_iterators.push_back(col.begin());
+		}
+
+		auto operator ==(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+			return m_iterators == other.m_iterators;
+		}
+		auto operator !=(iterator const& other) const -> bool {
+			return m_iterators != other.m_iterators;
+		}
+		auto operator *() const -> std::string {
+			std::string row, padding;
+
+			for (size_t i = 0; i < m_columns.size(); ++i) {
+				auto width = m_columns[i].width();
+				if (m_iterators[i] != m_columns[i].end()) {
+					std::string col = *m_iterators[i];
+					row += padding + col;
+					if (col.size() < width)
+						padding = std::string(width - col.size(), ' ');
+					else
+						padding = "";
+				} else {
+					padding += std::string(width, ' ');
+				}
+			}
+			return row;
+		}
+		auto operator ++() -> iterator& {
+			for (size_t i = 0; i < m_columns.size(); ++i) {
+				if (m_iterators[i] != m_columns[i].end())
+					++m_iterators[i];
+			}
+			return *this;
+		}
+		auto operator ++(int) -> iterator {
+			iterator prev(*this);
+			operator++();
+			return prev;
+		}
+	};
+	using const_iterator = iterator;
+
+	auto begin() const -> iterator { return iterator(*this); }
+	auto end() const -> iterator { return { *this, iterator::EndTag() }; }
+
+	auto operator += (Column const& col) -> Columns& {
+		m_columns.push_back(col);
+		return *this;
+	}
+	auto operator + (Column const& col) -> Columns {
+		Columns combined = *this;
+		combined += col;
+		return combined;
+	}
+
+	inline friend std::ostream& operator << (std::ostream& os, Columns const& cols) {
+
+		bool first = true;
+		for (auto line : cols) {
+			if (first)
+				first = false;
+			else
+				os << "\n";
+			os << line;
+		}
+		return os;
+	}
+
+	auto toString() const -> std::string {
+		std::ostringstream oss;
+		oss << *this;
+		return oss.str();
+	}
+};
+
+inline auto Column::operator + (Column const& other) -> Columns {
+	Columns cols;
+	cols += *this;
+	cols += other;
+	return cols;
+}
+}
+
+}
+}
+
+// ----------- end of #include from clara_textflow.hpp -----------
+// ........... back in clara.hpp
 
+#include <cctype>
 #include <string>
+#include <memory>
 #include <set>
+#include <algorithm>
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
+#if !defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS) && ( defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER) )
+#define CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
 #endif
 
-namespace Catch {
+namespace Catch { namespace clara {
+namespace detail {
 
-    struct ITestCase;
+    // Traits for extracting arg and return type of lambdas (for single argument lambdas)
+    template<typename L>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits : UnaryLambdaTraits<decltype( &L::operator() )> {};
 
-    struct TestCaseInfo {
-        enum SpecialProperties{
-            None = 0,
-            IsHidden = 1 << 1,
-            ShouldFail = 1 << 2,
-            MayFail = 1 << 3,
-            Throws = 1 << 4,
-            NonPortable = 1 << 5
-        };
+    template<typename ClassT, typename ReturnT, typename... Args>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits<ReturnT( ClassT::* )( Args... ) const> {
+        static const bool isValid = false;
+    };
 
-        TestCaseInfo(   std::string const& _name,
-                        std::string const& _className,
-                        std::string const& _description,
-                        std::set<std::string> const& _tags,
-                        SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo );
+    template<typename ClassT, typename ReturnT, typename ArgT>
+    struct UnaryLambdaTraits<ReturnT( ClassT::* )( ArgT ) const> {
+        static const bool isValid = true;
+        using ArgType = typename std::remove_const<typename std::remove_reference<ArgT>::type>::type;
+        using ReturnType = ReturnT;
+    };
 
-        TestCaseInfo( TestCaseInfo const& other );
+    class TokenStream;
 
-        friend void setTags( TestCaseInfo& testCaseInfo, std::set<std::string> const& tags );
+    // Transport for raw args (copied from main args, or supplied via init list for testing)
+    class Args {
+        friend TokenStream;
+        std::string m_exeName;
+        std::vector<std::string> m_args;
 
-        bool isHidden() const;
-        bool throws() const;
-        bool okToFail() const;
-        bool expectedToFail() const;
+    public:
+        Args( int argc, char const* const* argv )
+            : m_exeName(argv[0]),
+              m_args(argv + 1, argv + argc) {}
 
-        std::string name;
-        std::string className;
-        std::string description;
-        std::set<std::string> tags;
-        std::set<std::string> lcaseTags;
-        std::string tagsAsString;
-        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
-        SpecialProperties properties;
+        Args( std::initializer_list<std::string> args )
+        :   m_exeName( *args.begin() ),
+            m_args( args.begin()+1, args.end() )
+        {}
+
+        auto exeName() const -> std::string {
+            return m_exeName;
+        }
     };
 
-    class TestCase : public TestCaseInfo {
+    // Wraps a token coming from a token stream. These may not directly correspond to strings as a single string
+    // may encode an option + its argument if the : or = form is used
+    enum class TokenType {
+        Option, Argument
+    };
+    struct Token {
+        TokenType type;
+        std::string token;
+    };
+
+    inline auto isOptPrefix( char c ) -> bool {
+        return c == '-'
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+            || c == '/'
+#endif
+        ;
+    }
+
+    // Abstracts iterators into args as a stream of tokens, with option arguments uniformly handled
+    class TokenStream {
+        using Iterator = std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator;
+        Iterator it;
+        Iterator itEnd;
+        std::vector<Token> m_tokenBuffer;
+
+        void loadBuffer() {
+            m_tokenBuffer.resize( 0 );
+
+            // Skip any empty strings
+            while( it != itEnd && it->empty() )
+                ++it;
+
+            if( it != itEnd ) {
+                auto const &next = *it;
+                if( isOptPrefix( next[0] ) ) {
+                    auto delimiterPos = next.find_first_of( " :=" );
+                    if( delimiterPos != std::string::npos ) {
+                        m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, next.substr( 0, delimiterPos ) } );
+                        m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Argument, next.substr( delimiterPos + 1 ) } );
+                    } else {
+                        if( next[1] != '-' && next.size() > 2 ) {
+                            std::string opt = "- ";
+                            for( size_t i = 1; i < next.size(); ++i ) {
+                                opt[1] = next[i];
+                                m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, opt } );
+                            }
+                        } else {
+                            m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Option, next } );
+                        }
+                    }
+                } else {
+                    m_tokenBuffer.push_back( { TokenType::Argument, next } );
+                }
+            }
+        }
+
     public:
+        explicit TokenStream( Args const &args ) : TokenStream( args.m_args.begin(), args.m_args.end() ) {}
 
-        TestCase( ITestCase* testCase, TestCaseInfo const& info );
-        TestCase( TestCase const& other );
+        TokenStream( Iterator it, Iterator itEnd ) : it( it ), itEnd( itEnd ) {
+            loadBuffer();
+        }
 
-        TestCase withName( std::string const& _newName ) const;
+        explicit operator bool() const {
+            return !m_tokenBuffer.empty() || it != itEnd;
+        }
 
-        void invoke() const;
+        auto count() const -> size_t { return m_tokenBuffer.size() + (itEnd - it); }
 
-        TestCaseInfo const& getTestCaseInfo() const;
+        auto operator*() const -> Token {
+            assert( !m_tokenBuffer.empty() );
+            return m_tokenBuffer.front();
+        }
 
-        void swap( TestCase& other );
-        bool operator == ( TestCase const& other ) const;
-        bool operator < ( TestCase const& other ) const;
-        TestCase& operator = ( TestCase const& other );
+        auto operator->() const -> Token const * {
+            assert( !m_tokenBuffer.empty() );
+            return &m_tokenBuffer.front();
+        }
 
-    private:
-        Ptr<ITestCase> test;
+        auto operator++() -> TokenStream & {
+            if( m_tokenBuffer.size() >= 2 ) {
+                m_tokenBuffer.erase( m_tokenBuffer.begin() );
+            } else {
+                if( it != itEnd )
+                    ++it;
+                loadBuffer();
+            }
+            return *this;
+        }
     };
 
-    TestCase makeTestCase(  ITestCase* testCase,
-                            std::string const& className,
-                            std::string const& name,
-                            std::string const& description,
-                            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
-}
+    class ResultBase {
+    public:
+        enum Type {
+            Ok, LogicError, RuntimeError
+        };
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
+    protected:
+        ResultBase( Type type ) : m_type( type ) {}
+        virtual ~ResultBase() = default;
+
+        virtual void enforceOk() const = 0;
+
+        Type m_type;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    class ResultValueBase : public ResultBase {
+    public:
+        auto value() const -> T const & {
+            enforceOk();
+            return m_value;
+        }
+
+    protected:
+        ResultValueBase( Type type ) : ResultBase( type ) {}
+
+        ResultValueBase( ResultValueBase const &other ) : ResultBase( other ) {
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                new( &m_value ) T( other.m_value );
+        }
+
+        ResultValueBase( Type, T const &value ) : ResultBase( Ok ) {
+            new( &m_value ) T( value );
+        }
 
+        auto operator=( ResultValueBase const &other ) -> ResultValueBase & {
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                m_value.~T();
+            ResultBase::operator=(other);
+            if( m_type == ResultBase::Ok )
+                new( &m_value ) T( other.m_value );
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        ~ResultValueBase() override {
+            if( m_type == Ok )
+                m_value.~T();
+        }
+
+        union {
+            T m_value;
+        };
+    };
 
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-// #included from: internal/catch_objc.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OBJC_HPP_INCLUDED
+    template<>
+    class ResultValueBase<void> : public ResultBase {
+    protected:
+        using ResultBase::ResultBase;
+    };
 
-#import <objc/runtime.h>
+    template<typename T = void>
+    class BasicResult : public ResultValueBase<T> {
+    public:
+        template<typename U>
+        explicit BasicResult( BasicResult<U> const &other )
+        :   ResultValueBase<T>( other.type() ),
+            m_errorMessage( other.errorMessage() )
+        {
+            assert( type() != ResultBase::Ok );
+        }
 
-#include <string>
+        template<typename U>
+        static auto ok( U const &value ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::Ok, value }; }
+        static auto ok() -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::Ok }; }
+        static auto logicError( std::string const &message ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::LogicError, message }; }
+        static auto runtimeError( std::string const &message ) -> BasicResult { return { ResultBase::RuntimeError, message }; }
 
-// NB. Any general catch headers included here must be included
-// in catch.hpp first to make sure they are included by the single
-// header for non obj-usage
+        explicit operator bool() const { return m_type == ResultBase::Ok; }
+        auto type() const -> ResultBase::Type { return m_type; }
+        auto errorMessage() const -> std::string { return m_errorMessage; }
 
-///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// This protocol is really only here for (self) documenting purposes, since
-// all its methods are optional.
-@protocol OcFixture
+    protected:
+        void enforceOk() const override {
 
-@optional
+            // Errors shouldn't reach this point, but if they do
+            // the actual error message will be in m_errorMessage
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::LogicError );
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::RuntimeError );
+            if( m_type != ResultBase::Ok )
+                std::abort();
+        }
 
--(void) setUp;
--(void) tearDown;
+        std::string m_errorMessage; // Only populated if resultType is an error
 
-@end
+        BasicResult( ResultBase::Type type, std::string const &message )
+        :   ResultValueBase<T>(type),
+            m_errorMessage(message)
+        {
+            assert( m_type != ResultBase::Ok );
+        }
 
-namespace Catch {
+        using ResultValueBase<T>::ResultValueBase;
+        using ResultBase::m_type;
+    };
 
-    class OcMethod : public SharedImpl<ITestCase> {
+    enum class ParseResultType {
+        Matched, NoMatch, ShortCircuitAll, ShortCircuitSame
+    };
 
+    class ParseState {
     public:
-        OcMethod( Class cls, SEL sel ) : m_cls( cls ), m_sel( sel ) {}
 
-        virtual void invoke() const {
-            id obj = [[m_cls alloc] init];
+        ParseState( ParseResultType type, TokenStream const &remainingTokens )
+        : m_type(type),
+          m_remainingTokens( remainingTokens )
+        {}
 
-            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(setUp)  );
-            performOptionalSelector( obj, m_sel );
-            performOptionalSelector( obj, @selector(tearDown)  );
+        auto type() const -> ParseResultType { return m_type; }
+        auto remainingTokens() const -> TokenStream { return m_remainingTokens; }
 
-            arcSafeRelease( obj );
-        }
     private:
-        virtual ~OcMethod() {}
-
-        Class m_cls;
-        SEL m_sel;
+        ParseResultType m_type;
+        TokenStream m_remainingTokens;
     };
 
-    namespace Detail{
+    using Result = BasicResult<void>;
+    using ParserResult = BasicResult<ParseResultType>;
+    using InternalParseResult = BasicResult<ParseState>;
 
-        inline std::string getAnnotation(   Class cls,
-                                            std::string const& annotationName,
-                                            std::string const& testCaseName ) {
-            NSString* selStr = [[NSString alloc] initWithFormat:@"Catch_%s_%s", annotationName.c_str(), testCaseName.c_str()];
-            SEL sel = NSSelectorFromString( selStr );
-            arcSafeRelease( selStr );
-            id value = performOptionalSelector( cls, sel );
-            if( value )
-                return [(NSString*)value UTF8String];
-            return "";
-        }
+    struct HelpColumns {
+        std::string left;
+        std::string right;
+    };
+
+    template<typename T>
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, T& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        std::stringstream ss;
+        ss << source;
+        ss >> target;
+        if( ss.fail() )
+            return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unable to convert '" + source + "' to destination type" );
+        else
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+    }
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, std::string& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        target = source;
+        return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+    }
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, bool &target ) -> ParserResult {
+        std::string srcLC = source;
+        std::transform( srcLC.begin(), srcLC.end(), srcLC.begin(), []( unsigned char c ) { return static_cast<char>( std::tolower(c) ); } );
+        if (srcLC == "y" || srcLC == "1" || srcLC == "true" || srcLC == "yes" || srcLC == "on")
+            target = true;
+        else if (srcLC == "n" || srcLC == "0" || srcLC == "false" || srcLC == "no" || srcLC == "off")
+            target = false;
+        else
+            return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Expected a boolean value but did not recognise: '" + source + "'" );
+        return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
     }
+#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+    template<typename T>
+    inline auto convertInto( std::string const &source, CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE<T>& target ) -> ParserResult {
+        T temp;
+        auto result = convertInto( source, temp );
+        if( result )
+            target = std::move(temp);
+        return result;
+    }
+#endif // CLARA_CONFIG_OPTIONAL_TYPE
+
+    struct NonCopyable {
+        NonCopyable() = default;
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable const & ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable( NonCopyable && ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable &operator=( NonCopyable const & ) = delete;
+        NonCopyable &operator=( NonCopyable && ) = delete;
+    };
 
-    inline size_t registerTestMethods() {
-        size_t noTestMethods = 0;
-        int noClasses = objc_getClassList( CATCH_NULL, 0 );
+    struct BoundRef : NonCopyable {
+        virtual ~BoundRef() = default;
+        virtual auto isContainer() const -> bool { return false; }
+        virtual auto isFlag() const -> bool { return false; }
+    };
+    struct BoundValueRefBase : BoundRef {
+        virtual auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult = 0;
+    };
+    struct BoundFlagRefBase : BoundRef {
+        virtual auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult = 0;
+        virtual auto isFlag() const -> bool { return true; }
+    };
 
-        Class* classes = (CATCH_UNSAFE_UNRETAINED Class *)malloc( sizeof(Class) * noClasses);
-        objc_getClassList( classes, noClasses );
+    template<typename T>
+    struct BoundValueRef : BoundValueRefBase {
+        T &m_ref;
 
-        for( int c = 0; c < noClasses; c++ ) {
-            Class cls = classes[c];
-            {
-                u_int count;
-                Method* methods = class_copyMethodList( cls, &count );
-                for( u_int m = 0; m < count ; m++ ) {
-                    SEL selector = method_getName(methods[m]);
-                    std::string methodName = sel_getName(selector);
-                    if( startsWith( methodName, "Catch_TestCase_" ) ) {
-                        std::string testCaseName = methodName.substr( 15 );
-                        std::string name = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Name", testCaseName );
-                        std::string desc = Detail::getAnnotation( cls, "Description", testCaseName );
-                        const char* className = class_getName( cls );
+        explicit BoundValueRef( T &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
 
-                        getMutableRegistryHub().registerTest( makeTestCase( new OcMethod( cls, selector ), className, name.c_str(), desc.c_str(), SourceLineInfo() ) );
-                        noTestMethods++;
-                    }
-                }
-                free(methods);
-            }
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return convertInto( arg, m_ref );
         }
-        return noTestMethods;
-    }
+    };
 
-    namespace Matchers {
-        namespace Impl {
-        namespace NSStringMatchers {
+    template<typename T>
+    struct BoundValueRef<std::vector<T>> : BoundValueRefBase {
+        std::vector<T> &m_ref;
 
-            struct StringHolder : MatcherBase<NSString*>{
-                StringHolder( NSString* substr ) : m_substr( [substr copy] ){}
-                StringHolder( StringHolder const& other ) : m_substr( [other.m_substr copy] ){}
-                StringHolder() {
-                    arcSafeRelease( m_substr );
-                }
+        explicit BoundValueRef( std::vector<T> &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
 
-                virtual bool match( NSString* arg ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return false;
-                }
+        auto isContainer() const -> bool override { return true; }
 
-                NSString* m_substr;
-            };
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            T temp;
+            auto result = convertInto( arg, temp );
+            if( result )
+                m_ref.push_back( temp );
+            return result;
+        }
+    };
 
-            struct Equals : StringHolder {
-                Equals( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+    struct BoundFlagRef : BoundFlagRefBase {
+        bool &m_ref;
 
-                virtual bool match( NSString* str ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
-                            [str isEqualToString:m_substr];
-                }
+        explicit BoundFlagRef( bool &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
 
-                virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return "equals string: " + Catch::toString( m_substr );
-                }
-            };
+        auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult override {
+            m_ref = flag;
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        }
+    };
 
-            struct Contains : StringHolder {
-                Contains( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+    template<typename ReturnType>
+    struct LambdaInvoker {
+        static_assert( std::is_same<ReturnType, ParserResult>::value, "Lambda must return void or clara::ParserResult" );
 
-                virtual bool match( NSString* str ) const {
-                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
-                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location != NSNotFound;
-                }
+        template<typename L, typename ArgType>
+        static auto invoke( L const &lambda, ArgType const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+            return lambda( arg );
+        }
+    };
 
-                virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return "contains string: " + Catch::toString( m_substr );
-                }
-            };
+    template<>
+    struct LambdaInvoker<void> {
+        template<typename L, typename ArgType>
+        static auto invoke( L const &lambda, ArgType const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+            lambda( arg );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        }
+    };
 
-            struct StartsWith : StringHolder {
-                StartsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+    template<typename ArgType, typename L>
+    inline auto invokeLambda( L const &lambda, std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult {
+        ArgType temp{};
+        auto result = convertInto( arg, temp );
+        return !result
+           ? result
+           : LambdaInvoker<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ReturnType>::invoke( lambda, temp );
+    }
 
-                virtual bool match( NSString* str ) const {
-                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
-                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == 0;
-                }
+    template<typename L>
+    struct BoundLambda : BoundValueRefBase {
+        L m_lambda;
 
-                virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return "starts with: " + Catch::toString( m_substr );
-                }
-            };
-            struct EndsWith : StringHolder {
-                EndsWith( NSString* substr ) : StringHolder( substr ){}
+        static_assert( UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::isValid, "Supplied lambda must take exactly one argument" );
+        explicit BoundLambda( L const &lambda ) : m_lambda( lambda ) {}
 
-                virtual bool match( NSString* str ) const {
-                    return  (str != nil || m_substr == nil ) &&
-                            [str rangeOfString:m_substr].location == [str length] - [m_substr length];
-                }
+        auto setValue( std::string const &arg ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return invokeLambda<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ArgType>( m_lambda, arg );
+        }
+    };
 
-                virtual std::string describe() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                    return "ends with: " + Catch::toString( m_substr );
-                }
-            };
+    template<typename L>
+    struct BoundFlagLambda : BoundFlagRefBase {
+        L m_lambda;
 
-        } // namespace NSStringMatchers
-        } // namespace Impl
+        static_assert( UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::isValid, "Supplied lambda must take exactly one argument" );
+        static_assert( std::is_same<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ArgType, bool>::value, "flags must be boolean" );
 
-        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals
-            Equals( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Equals( substr ); }
+        explicit BoundFlagLambda( L const &lambda ) : m_lambda( lambda ) {}
 
-        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains
-            Contains( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::Contains( substr ); }
+        auto setFlag( bool flag ) -> ParserResult override {
+            return LambdaInvoker<typename UnaryLambdaTraits<L>::ReturnType>::invoke( m_lambda, flag );
+        }
+    };
 
-        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith
-            StartsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::StartsWith( substr ); }
+    enum class Optionality { Optional, Required };
 
-        inline Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith
-            EndsWith( NSString* substr ){ return Impl::NSStringMatchers::EndsWith( substr ); }
+    struct Parser;
 
-    } // namespace Matchers
+    class ParserBase {
+    public:
+        virtual ~ParserBase() = default;
+        virtual auto validate() const -> Result { return Result::ok(); }
+        virtual auto parse( std::string const& exeName, TokenStream const &tokens) const -> InternalParseResult  = 0;
+        virtual auto cardinality() const -> size_t { return 1; }
 
-    using namespace Matchers;
+        auto parse( Args const &args ) const -> InternalParseResult {
+            return parse( args.exeName(), TokenStream( args ) );
+        }
+    };
 
-} // namespace Catch
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    class ComposableParserImpl : public ParserBase {
+    public:
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser;
 
-///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-#define OC_TEST_CASE( name, desc )\
-+(NSString*) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Name_test ) \
-{\
-return @ name; \
-}\
-+(NSString*) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_Description_test ) \
-{ \
-return @ desc; \
-} \
--(void) INTERNAL_CATCH_UNIQUE_NAME( Catch_TestCase_test )
+		template<typename T>
+        auto operator+( T const &other ) const -> Parser;
+    };
 
-#endif
+    // Common code and state for Args and Opts
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    class ParserRefImpl : public ComposableParserImpl<DerivedT> {
+    protected:
+        Optionality m_optionality = Optionality::Optional;
+        std::shared_ptr<BoundRef> m_ref;
+        std::string m_hint;
+        std::string m_description;
 
-#ifdef CATCH_IMPL
+        explicit ParserRefImpl( std::shared_ptr<BoundRef> const &ref ) : m_ref( ref ) {}
 
-// !TBD: Move the leak detector code into a separate header
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_CRTDBG
-#include <crtdbg.h>
-class LeakDetector {
-public:
-    LeakDetector() {
-        int flag = _CrtSetDbgFlag(_CRTDBG_REPORT_FLAG);
-        flag |= _CRTDBG_LEAK_CHECK_DF;
-        flag |= _CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF;
-        _CrtSetDbgFlag(flag);
-        _CrtSetReportMode(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_MODE_FILE | _CRTDBG_MODE_DEBUG);
-        _CrtSetReportFile(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_FILE_STDERR);
-        // Change this to leaking allocation's number to break there
-        _CrtSetBreakAlloc(-1);
-    }
-};
-#else
-class LeakDetector {};
-#endif
+    public:
+        template<typename T>
+        ParserRefImpl( T &ref, std::string const &hint )
+        :   m_ref( std::make_shared<BoundValueRef<T>>( ref ) ),
+            m_hint( hint )
+        {}
 
-LeakDetector leakDetector;
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        ParserRefImpl( LambdaT const &ref, std::string const &hint )
+        :   m_ref( std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( ref ) ),
+            m_hint(hint)
+        {}
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_impl.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
+        auto operator()( std::string const &description ) -> DerivedT & {
+            m_description = description;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        }
 
-// Collect all the implementation files together here
-// These are the equivalent of what would usually be cpp files
+        auto optional() -> DerivedT & {
+            m_optionality = Optionality::Optional;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        };
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wweak-vtables"
-#endif
+        auto required() -> DerivedT & {
+            m_optionality = Optionality::Required;
+            return static_cast<DerivedT &>( *this );
+        };
 
-// #included from: ../catch_session.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_RUNNER_HPP_INCLUDED
+        auto isOptional() const -> bool {
+            return m_optionality == Optionality::Optional;
+        }
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_commandline.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_COMMANDLINE_HPP_INCLUDED
+        auto cardinality() const -> size_t override {
+            if( m_ref->isContainer() )
+                return 0;
+            else
+                return 1;
+        }
 
-// #included from: catch_config.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CONFIG_HPP_INCLUDED
+        auto hint() const -> std::string { return m_hint; }
+    };
 
-// #included from: catch_test_spec_parser.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_SPEC_PARSER_HPP_INCLUDED
+    class ExeName : public ComposableParserImpl<ExeName> {
+        std::shared_ptr<std::string> m_name;
+        std::shared_ptr<BoundValueRefBase> m_ref;
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
-#endif
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        static auto makeRef(LambdaT const &lambda) -> std::shared_ptr<BoundValueRefBase> {
+            return std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( lambda) ;
+        }
 
-// #included from: catch_test_spec.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_SPEC_HPP_INCLUDED
+    public:
+        ExeName() : m_name( std::make_shared<std::string>( "<executable>" ) ) {}
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wpadded"
-#endif
+        explicit ExeName( std::string &ref ) : ExeName() {
+            m_ref = std::make_shared<BoundValueRef<std::string>>( ref );
+        }
 
-// #included from: catch_wildcard_pattern.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_WILDCARD_PATTERN_HPP_INCLUDED
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        explicit ExeName( LambdaT const& lambda ) : ExeName() {
+            m_ref = std::make_shared<BoundLambda<LambdaT>>( lambda );
+        }
 
-#include <stdexcept>
+        // The exe name is not parsed out of the normal tokens, but is handled specially
+        auto parse( std::string const&, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, tokens ) );
+        }
 
-namespace Catch
-{
-    class WildcardPattern {
-        enum WildcardPosition {
-            NoWildcard = 0,
-            WildcardAtStart = 1,
-            WildcardAtEnd = 2,
-            WildcardAtBothEnds = WildcardAtStart | WildcardAtEnd
-        };
+        auto name() const -> std::string { return *m_name; }
+        auto set( std::string const& newName ) -> ParserResult {
 
-    public:
+            auto lastSlash = newName.find_last_of( "\\/" );
+            auto filename = ( lastSlash == std::string::npos )
+                    ? newName
+                    : newName.substr( lastSlash+1 );
 
-        WildcardPattern( std::string const& pattern, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity )
-        :   m_caseSensitivity( caseSensitivity ),
-            m_wildcard( NoWildcard ),
-            m_pattern( adjustCase( pattern ) )
-        {
-            if( startsWith( m_pattern, '*' ) ) {
-                m_pattern = m_pattern.substr( 1 );
-                m_wildcard = WildcardAtStart;
-            }
-            if( endsWith( m_pattern, '*' ) ) {
-                m_pattern = m_pattern.substr( 0, m_pattern.size()-1 );
-                m_wildcard = static_cast<WildcardPosition>( m_wildcard | WildcardAtEnd );
-            }
+            *m_name = filename;
+            if( m_ref )
+                return m_ref->setValue( filename );
+            else
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
         }
-        virtual ~WildcardPattern();
-        virtual bool matches( std::string const& str ) const {
-            switch( m_wildcard ) {
-                case NoWildcard:
-                    return m_pattern == adjustCase( str );
-                case WildcardAtStart:
-                    return endsWith( adjustCase( str ), m_pattern );
-                case WildcardAtEnd:
-                    return startsWith( adjustCase( str ), m_pattern );
-                case WildcardAtBothEnds:
-                    return contains( adjustCase( str ), m_pattern );
-            }
+    };
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunreachable-code"
-#endif
-            throw std::logic_error( "Unknown enum" );
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
-        }
-    private:
-        std::string adjustCase( std::string const& str ) const {
-            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No ? toLower( str ) : str;
+    class Arg : public ParserRefImpl<Arg> {
+    public:
+        using ParserRefImpl::ParserRefImpl;
+
+        auto parse( std::string const &, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            auto validationResult = validate();
+            if( !validationResult )
+                return InternalParseResult( validationResult );
+
+            auto remainingTokens = tokens;
+            auto const &token = *remainingTokens;
+            if( token.type != TokenType::Argument )
+                return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, remainingTokens ) );
+
+            assert( !m_ref->isFlag() );
+            auto valueRef = static_cast<detail::BoundValueRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+
+            auto result = valueRef->setValue( remainingTokens->token );
+            if( !result )
+                return InternalParseResult( result );
+            else
+                return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::Matched, ++remainingTokens ) );
         }
-        CaseSensitive::Choice m_caseSensitivity;
-        WildcardPosition m_wildcard;
-        std::string m_pattern;
     };
-}
 
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
+    inline auto normaliseOpt( std::string const &optName ) -> std::string {
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+        if( optName[0] == '/' )
+            return "-" + optName.substr( 1 );
+        else
+#endif
+            return optName;
+    }
+
+    class Opt : public ParserRefImpl<Opt> {
+    protected:
+        std::vector<std::string> m_optNames;
 
-namespace Catch {
+    public:
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        explicit Opt( LambdaT const &ref ) : ParserRefImpl( std::make_shared<BoundFlagLambda<LambdaT>>( ref ) ) {}
 
-    class TestSpec {
-        struct Pattern : SharedImpl<> {
-            virtual ~Pattern();
-            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const = 0;
-        };
-        class NamePattern : public Pattern {
-        public:
-            NamePattern( std::string const& name )
-            : m_wildcardPattern( toLower( name ), CaseSensitive::No )
-            {}
-            virtual ~NamePattern();
-            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
-                return m_wildcardPattern.matches( toLower( testCase.name ) );
-            }
-        private:
-            WildcardPattern m_wildcardPattern;
-        };
+        explicit Opt( bool &ref ) : ParserRefImpl( std::make_shared<BoundFlagRef>( ref ) ) {}
 
-        class TagPattern : public Pattern {
-        public:
-            TagPattern( std::string const& tag ) : m_tag( toLower( tag ) ) {}
-            virtual ~TagPattern();
-            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
-                return testCase.lcaseTags.find( m_tag ) != testCase.lcaseTags.end();
-            }
-        private:
-            std::string m_tag;
-        };
+        template<typename LambdaT>
+        Opt( LambdaT const &ref, std::string const &hint ) : ParserRefImpl( ref, hint ) {}
 
-        class ExcludedPattern : public Pattern {
-        public:
-            ExcludedPattern( Ptr<Pattern> const& underlyingPattern ) : m_underlyingPattern( underlyingPattern ) {}
-            virtual ~ExcludedPattern();
-            virtual bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const { return !m_underlyingPattern->matches( testCase ); }
-        private:
-            Ptr<Pattern> m_underlyingPattern;
-        };
+        template<typename T>
+        Opt( T &ref, std::string const &hint ) : ParserRefImpl( ref, hint ) {}
 
-        struct Filter {
-            std::vector<Ptr<Pattern> > m_patterns;
+        auto operator[]( std::string const &optName ) -> Opt & {
+            m_optNames.push_back( optName );
+            return *this;
+        }
 
-            bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
-                // All patterns in a filter must match for the filter to be a match
-                for( std::vector<Ptr<Pattern> >::const_iterator it = m_patterns.begin(), itEnd = m_patterns.end(); it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                    if( !(*it)->matches( testCase ) )
-                        return false;
-                }
-                return true;
+        auto getHelpColumns() const -> std::vector<HelpColumns> {
+            std::ostringstream oss;
+            bool first = true;
+            for( auto const &opt : m_optNames ) {
+                if (first)
+                    first = false;
+                else
+                    oss << ", ";
+                oss << opt;
             }
-        };
-
-    public:
-        bool hasFilters() const {
-            return !m_filters.empty();
+            if( !m_hint.empty() )
+                oss << " <" << m_hint << ">";
+            return { { oss.str(), m_description } };
         }
-        bool matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
-            // A TestSpec matches if any filter matches
-            for( std::vector<Filter>::const_iterator it = m_filters.begin(), itEnd = m_filters.end(); it != itEnd; ++it )
-                if( it->matches( testCase ) )
+
+        auto isMatch( std::string const &optToken ) const -> bool {
+            auto normalisedToken = normaliseOpt( optToken );
+            for( auto const &name : m_optNames ) {
+                if( normaliseOpt( name ) == normalisedToken )
                     return true;
+            }
             return false;
         }
 
-    private:
-        std::vector<Filter> m_filters;
+        using ParserBase::parse;
+
+        auto parse( std::string const&, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
+            auto validationResult = validate();
+            if( !validationResult )
+                return InternalParseResult( validationResult );
+
+            auto remainingTokens = tokens;
+            if( remainingTokens && remainingTokens->type == TokenType::Option ) {
+                auto const &token = *remainingTokens;
+                if( isMatch(token.token ) ) {
+                    if( m_ref->isFlag() ) {
+                        auto flagRef = static_cast<detail::BoundFlagRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+                        auto result = flagRef->setFlag( true );
+                        if( !result )
+                            return InternalParseResult( result );
+                        if( result.value() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( result.value(), remainingTokens ) );
+                    } else {
+                        auto valueRef = static_cast<detail::BoundValueRefBase*>( m_ref.get() );
+                        ++remainingTokens;
+                        if( !remainingTokens )
+                            return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Expected argument following " + token.token );
+                        auto const &argToken = *remainingTokens;
+                        if( argToken.type != TokenType::Argument )
+                            return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Expected argument following " + token.token );
+                        auto result = valueRef->setValue( argToken.token );
+                        if( !result )
+                            return InternalParseResult( result );
+                        if( result.value() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( result.value(), remainingTokens ) );
+                    }
+                    return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::Matched, ++remainingTokens ) );
+                }
+            }
+            return InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, remainingTokens ) );
+        }
 
-        friend class TestSpecParser;
+        auto validate() const -> Result override {
+            if( m_optNames.empty() )
+                return Result::logicError( "No options supplied to Opt" );
+            for( auto const &name : m_optNames ) {
+                if( name.empty() )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name cannot be empty" );
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+                if( name[0] != '-' && name[0] != '/' )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name must begin with '-' or '/'" );
+#else
+                if( name[0] != '-' )
+                    return Result::logicError( "Option name must begin with '-'" );
+#endif
+            }
+            return ParserRefImpl::validate();
+        }
     };
-}
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
+    struct Help : Opt {
+        Help( bool &showHelpFlag )
+        :   Opt([&]( bool flag ) {
+                showHelpFlag = flag;
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll );
+            })
+        {
+            static_cast<Opt &>( *this )
+                    ("display usage information")
+                    ["-?"]["-h"]["--help"]
+                    .optional();
+        }
+    };
 
-namespace Catch {
+    struct Parser : ParserBase {
 
-    class TestSpecParser {
-        enum Mode{ None, Name, QuotedName, Tag, EscapedName };
-        Mode m_mode;
-        bool m_exclusion;
-        std::size_t m_start, m_pos;
-        std::string m_arg;
-        std::vector<std::size_t> m_escapeChars;
-        TestSpec::Filter m_currentFilter;
-        TestSpec m_testSpec;
-        ITagAliasRegistry const* m_tagAliases;
+        mutable ExeName m_exeName;
+        std::vector<Opt> m_options;
+        std::vector<Arg> m_args;
 
-    public:
-        TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry const& tagAliases ) :m_mode(None), m_exclusion(false), m_start(0), m_pos(0), m_tagAliases( &tagAliases ) {}
-
-        TestSpecParser& parse( std::string const& arg ) {
-            m_mode = None;
-            m_exclusion = false;
-            m_start = std::string::npos;
-            m_arg = m_tagAliases->expandAliases( arg );
-            m_escapeChars.clear();
-            for( m_pos = 0; m_pos < m_arg.size(); ++m_pos )
-                visitChar( m_arg[m_pos] );
-            if( m_mode == Name )
-                addPattern<TestSpec::NamePattern>();
+        auto operator|=( ExeName const &exeName ) -> Parser & {
+            m_exeName = exeName;
             return *this;
         }
-        TestSpec testSpec() {
-            addFilter();
-            return m_testSpec;
+
+        auto operator|=( Arg const &arg ) -> Parser & {
+            m_args.push_back(arg);
+            return *this;
         }
-    private:
-        void visitChar( char c ) {
-            if( m_mode == None ) {
-                switch( c ) {
-                case ' ': return;
-                case '~': m_exclusion = true; return;
-                case '[': return startNewMode( Tag, ++m_pos );
-                case '"': return startNewMode( QuotedName, ++m_pos );
-                case '\\': return escape();
-                default: startNewMode( Name, m_pos ); break;
-                }
+
+        auto operator|=( Opt const &opt ) -> Parser & {
+            m_options.push_back(opt);
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        auto operator|=( Parser const &other ) -> Parser & {
+            m_options.insert(m_options.end(), other.m_options.begin(), other.m_options.end());
+            m_args.insert(m_args.end(), other.m_args.begin(), other.m_args.end());
+            return *this;
+        }
+
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser {
+            return Parser( *this ) |= other;
+        }
+
+        // Forward deprecated interface with '+' instead of '|'
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator+=( T const &other ) -> Parser & { return operator|=( other ); }
+        template<typename T>
+        auto operator+( T const &other ) const -> Parser { return operator|( other ); }
+
+        auto getHelpColumns() const -> std::vector<HelpColumns> {
+            std::vector<HelpColumns> cols;
+            for (auto const &o : m_options) {
+                auto childCols = o.getHelpColumns();
+                cols.insert( cols.end(), childCols.begin(), childCols.end() );
             }
-            if( m_mode == Name ) {
-                if( c == ',' ) {
-                    addPattern<TestSpec::NamePattern>();
-                    addFilter();
-                }
-                else if( c == '[' ) {
-                    if( subString() == "exclude:" )
-                        m_exclusion = true;
+            return cols;
+        }
+
+        void writeToStream( std::ostream &os ) const {
+            if (!m_exeName.name().empty()) {
+                os << "usage:\n" << "  " << m_exeName.name() << " ";
+                bool required = true, first = true;
+                for( auto const &arg : m_args ) {
+                    if (first)
+                        first = false;
                     else
-                        addPattern<TestSpec::NamePattern>();
-                    startNewMode( Tag, ++m_pos );
+                        os << " ";
+                    if( arg.isOptional() && required ) {
+                        os << "[";
+                        required = false;
+                    }
+                    os << "<" << arg.hint() << ">";
+                    if( arg.cardinality() == 0 )
+                        os << " ... ";
                 }
-                else if( c == '\\' )
-                    escape();
-            }
-            else if( m_mode == EscapedName )
-                m_mode = Name;
-            else if( m_mode == QuotedName && c == '"' )
-                addPattern<TestSpec::NamePattern>();
-            else if( m_mode == Tag && c == ']' )
-                addPattern<TestSpec::TagPattern>();
-        }
-        void startNewMode( Mode mode, std::size_t start ) {
-            m_mode = mode;
-            m_start = start;
-        }
-        void escape() {
-            if( m_mode == None )
-                m_start = m_pos;
-            m_mode = EscapedName;
-            m_escapeChars.push_back( m_pos );
-        }
-        std::string subString() const { return m_arg.substr( m_start, m_pos - m_start ); }
-        template<typename T>
-        void addPattern() {
-            std::string token = subString();
-            for( size_t i = 0; i < m_escapeChars.size(); ++i )
-                token = token.substr( 0, m_escapeChars[i]-m_start-i ) + token.substr( m_escapeChars[i]-m_start-i+1 );
-            m_escapeChars.clear();
-            if( startsWith( token, "exclude:" ) ) {
-                m_exclusion = true;
-                token = token.substr( 8 );
+                if( !required )
+                    os << "]";
+                if( !m_options.empty() )
+                    os << " options";
+                os << "\n\nwhere options are:" << std::endl;
             }
-            if( !token.empty() ) {
-                Ptr<TestSpec::Pattern> pattern = new T( token );
-                if( m_exclusion )
-                    pattern = new TestSpec::ExcludedPattern( pattern );
-                m_currentFilter.m_patterns.push_back( pattern );
+
+            auto rows = getHelpColumns();
+            size_t consoleWidth = CATCH_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
+            size_t optWidth = 0;
+            for( auto const &cols : rows )
+                optWidth = (std::max)(optWidth, cols.left.size() + 2);
+
+            optWidth = (std::min)(optWidth, consoleWidth/2);
+
+            for( auto const &cols : rows ) {
+                auto row =
+                        TextFlow::Column( cols.left ).width( optWidth ).indent( 2 ) +
+                        TextFlow::Spacer(4) +
+                        TextFlow::Column( cols.right ).width( consoleWidth - 7 - optWidth );
+                os << row << std::endl;
             }
-            m_exclusion = false;
-            m_mode = None;
         }
-        void addFilter() {
-            if( !m_currentFilter.m_patterns.empty() ) {
-                m_testSpec.m_filters.push_back( m_currentFilter );
-                m_currentFilter = TestSpec::Filter();
+
+        friend auto operator<<( std::ostream &os, Parser const &parser ) -> std::ostream& {
+            parser.writeToStream( os );
+            return os;
+        }
+
+        auto validate() const -> Result override {
+            for( auto const &opt : m_options ) {
+                auto result = opt.validate();
+                if( !result )
+                    return result;
+            }
+            for( auto const &arg : m_args ) {
+                auto result = arg.validate();
+                if( !result )
+                    return result;
             }
+            return Result::ok();
         }
-    };
-    inline TestSpec parseTestSpec( std::string const& arg ) {
-        return TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( arg ).testSpec();
-    }
 
-} // namespace Catch
+        using ParserBase::parse;
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
+        auto parse( std::string const& exeName, TokenStream const &tokens ) const -> InternalParseResult override {
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_config.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_CONFIG_H_INCLUDED
+            struct ParserInfo {
+                ParserBase const* parser = nullptr;
+                size_t count = 0;
+            };
+            const size_t totalParsers = m_options.size() + m_args.size();
+            assert( totalParsers < 512 );
+            // ParserInfo parseInfos[totalParsers]; // <-- this is what we really want to do
+            ParserInfo parseInfos[512];
 
-#include <iosfwd>
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
+            {
+                size_t i = 0;
+                for (auto const &opt : m_options) parseInfos[i++].parser = &opt;
+                for (auto const &arg : m_args) parseInfos[i++].parser = &arg;
+            }
 
-namespace Catch {
+            m_exeName.set( exeName );
+
+            auto result = InternalParseResult::ok( ParseState( ParseResultType::NoMatch, tokens ) );
+            while( result.value().remainingTokens() ) {
+                bool tokenParsed = false;
+
+                for( size_t i = 0; i < totalParsers; ++i ) {
+                    auto&  parseInfo = parseInfos[i];
+                    if( parseInfo.parser->cardinality() == 0 || parseInfo.count < parseInfo.parser->cardinality() ) {
+                        result = parseInfo.parser->parse(exeName, result.value().remainingTokens());
+                        if (!result)
+                            return result;
+                        if (result.value().type() != ParseResultType::NoMatch) {
+                            tokenParsed = true;
+                            ++parseInfo.count;
+                            break;
+                        }
+                    }
+                }
 
-    struct Verbosity { enum Level {
-        NoOutput = 0,
-        Quiet,
-        Normal
-    }; };
+                if( result.value().type() == ParseResultType::ShortCircuitAll )
+                    return result;
+                if( !tokenParsed )
+                    return InternalParseResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised token: " + result.value().remainingTokens()->token );
+            }
+            // !TBD Check missing required options
+            return result;
+        }
+    };
 
-    struct WarnAbout { enum What {
-        Nothing = 0x00,
-        NoAssertions = 0x01
-    }; };
+    template<typename DerivedT>
+    template<typename T>
+    auto ComposableParserImpl<DerivedT>::operator|( T const &other ) const -> Parser {
+        return Parser() | static_cast<DerivedT const &>( *this ) | other;
+    }
+} // namespace detail
 
-    struct ShowDurations { enum OrNot {
-        DefaultForReporter,
-        Always,
-        Never
-    }; };
-    struct RunTests { enum InWhatOrder {
-        InDeclarationOrder,
-        InLexicographicalOrder,
-        InRandomOrder
-    }; };
-    struct UseColour { enum YesOrNo {
-        Auto,
-        Yes,
-        No
-    }; };
-    struct WaitForKeypress { enum When {
-        Never,
-        BeforeStart = 1,
-        BeforeExit = 2,
-        BeforeStartAndExit = BeforeStart | BeforeExit
-    }; };
+// A Combined parser
+using detail::Parser;
 
-    class TestSpec;
+// A parser for options
+using detail::Opt;
 
-    struct IConfig : IShared {
+// A parser for arguments
+using detail::Arg;
 
-        virtual ~IConfig();
+// Wrapper for argc, argv from main()
+using detail::Args;
 
-        virtual bool allowThrows() const = 0;
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
-        virtual std::string name() const = 0;
-        virtual bool includeSuccessfulResults() const = 0;
-        virtual bool shouldDebugBreak() const = 0;
-        virtual bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const = 0;
-        virtual int abortAfter() const = 0;
-        virtual bool showInvisibles() const = 0;
-        virtual ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const = 0;
-        virtual TestSpec const& testSpec() const = 0;
-        virtual RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const = 0;
-        virtual unsigned int rngSeed() const = 0;
-        virtual UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const = 0;
-        virtual std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const = 0;
+// Specifies the name of the executable
+using detail::ExeName;
 
-    };
-}
+// Convenience wrapper for option parser that specifies the help option
+using detail::Help;
+
+// enum of result types from a parse
+using detail::ParseResultType;
+
+// Result type for parser operation
+using detail::ParserResult;
 
-// #included from: catch_stream.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_STREAM_H_INCLUDED
+}} // namespace Catch::clara
 
-// #included from: catch_streambuf.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_STREAMBUF_H_INCLUDED
+// end clara.hpp
+#ifdef __clang__
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
 
-#include <streambuf>
+// Restore Clara's value for console width, if present
+#ifdef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#define CATCH_CLARA_TEXTFLOW_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#undef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#endif
 
+// end catch_clara.h
 namespace Catch {
 
-    class StreamBufBase : public std::streambuf {
-    public:
-        virtual ~StreamBufBase() CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
-    };
-}
+    clara::Parser makeCommandLineParser( ConfigData& config );
 
-#include <streambuf>
-#include <ostream>
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_commandline.h
 #include <fstream>
-#include <memory>
+#include <ctime>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    std::ostream& cout();
-    std::ostream& cerr();
-    std::ostream& clog();
+    clara::Parser makeCommandLineParser( ConfigData& config ) {
 
-    struct IStream {
-        virtual ~IStream() CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const = 0;
-    };
+        using namespace clara;
 
-    class FileStream : public IStream {
-        mutable std::ofstream m_ofs;
-    public:
-        FileStream( std::string const& filename );
-        virtual ~FileStream() CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
-    public: // IStream
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-    };
+        auto const setWarning = [&]( std::string const& warning ) {
+                auto warningSet = [&]() {
+                    if( warning == "NoAssertions" )
+                        return WarnAbout::NoAssertions;
 
-    class CoutStream : public IStream {
-        mutable std::ostream m_os;
-    public:
-        CoutStream();
-        virtual ~CoutStream() CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
+                    if ( warning == "NoTests" )
+                        return WarnAbout::NoTests;
 
-    public: // IStream
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-    };
+                    return WarnAbout::Nothing;
+                }();
 
-    class DebugOutStream : public IStream {
-        CATCH_AUTO_PTR( StreamBufBase ) m_streamBuf;
-        mutable std::ostream m_os;
-    public:
-        DebugOutStream();
-        virtual ~DebugOutStream() CATCH_NOEXCEPT;
+                if (warningSet == WarnAbout::Nothing)
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised warning: '" + warning + "'" );
+                config.warnings = static_cast<WarnAbout::What>( config.warnings | warningSet );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const loadTestNamesFromFile = [&]( std::string const& filename ) {
+                std::ifstream f( filename.c_str() );
+                if( !f.is_open() )
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unable to load input file: '" + filename + "'" );
+
+                std::string line;
+                while( std::getline( f, line ) ) {
+                    line = trim(line);
+                    if( !line.empty() && !startsWith( line, '#' ) ) {
+                        if( !startsWith( line, '"' ) )
+                            line = '"' + line + '"';
+                        config.testsOrTags.push_back( line );
+                        config.testsOrTags.emplace_back( "," );
+                    }
+                }
+                //Remove comma in the end
+                if(!config.testsOrTags.empty())
+                    config.testsOrTags.erase( config.testsOrTags.end()-1 );
 
-    public: // IStream
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-    };
-}
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setTestOrder = [&]( std::string const& order ) {
+                if( startsWith( "declared", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+                else if( startsWith( "lexical", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InLexicographicalOrder;
+                else if( startsWith( "random", order ) )
+                    config.runOrder = RunTests::InRandomOrder;
+                else
+                    return clara::ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised ordering: '" + order + "'" );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setRngSeed = [&]( std::string const& seed ) {
+                if( seed != "time" )
+                    return clara::detail::convertInto( seed, config.rngSeed );
+                config.rngSeed = static_cast<unsigned int>( std::time(nullptr) );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setColourUsage = [&]( std::string const& useColour ) {
+                    auto mode = toLower( useColour );
+
+                    if( mode == "yes" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::Yes;
+                    else if( mode == "no" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::No;
+                    else if( mode == "auto" )
+                        config.useColour = UseColour::Auto;
+                    else
+                        return ParserResult::runtimeError( "colour mode must be one of: auto, yes or no. '" + useColour + "' not recognised" );
+                return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setWaitForKeypress = [&]( std::string const& keypress ) {
+                auto keypressLc = toLower( keypress );
+                if (keypressLc == "never")
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::Never;
+                else if( keypressLc == "start" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStart;
+                else if( keypressLc == "exit" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeExit;
+                else if( keypressLc == "both" )
+                    config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStartAndExit;
+                else
+                    return ParserResult::runtimeError( "keypress argument must be one of: never, start, exit or both. '" + keypress + "' not recognised" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+            };
+        auto const setVerbosity = [&]( std::string const& verbosity ) {
+            auto lcVerbosity = toLower( verbosity );
+            if( lcVerbosity == "quiet" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::Quiet;
+            else if( lcVerbosity == "normal" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::Normal;
+            else if( lcVerbosity == "high" )
+                config.verbosity = Verbosity::High;
+            else
+                return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognised verbosity, '" + verbosity + "'" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        };
+        auto const setReporter = [&]( std::string const& reporter ) {
+            IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& factories = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getFactories();
 
-#include <memory>
-#include <vector>
-#include <string>
-#include <stdexcept>
+            auto lcReporter = toLower( reporter );
+            auto result = factories.find( lcReporter );
 
-#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-#define CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH 80
-#endif
+            if( factories.end() != result )
+                config.reporterName = lcReporter;
+            else
+                return ParserResult::runtimeError( "Unrecognized reporter, '" + reporter + "'. Check available with --list-reporters" );
+            return ParserResult::ok( ParseResultType::Matched );
+        };
+
+        auto cli
+            = ExeName( config.processName )
+            | Help( config.showHelp )
+            | Opt( config.listTests )
+                ["-l"]["--list-tests"]
+                ( "list all/matching test cases" )
+            | Opt( config.listTags )
+                ["-t"]["--list-tags"]
+                ( "list all/matching tags" )
+            | Opt( config.showSuccessfulTests )
+                ["-s"]["--success"]
+                ( "include successful tests in output" )
+            | Opt( config.shouldDebugBreak )
+                ["-b"]["--break"]
+                ( "break into debugger on failure" )
+            | Opt( config.noThrow )
+                ["-e"]["--nothrow"]
+                ( "skip exception tests" )
+            | Opt( config.showInvisibles )
+                ["-i"]["--invisibles"]
+                ( "show invisibles (tabs, newlines)" )
+            | Opt( config.outputFilename, "filename" )
+                ["-o"]["--out"]
+                ( "output filename" )
+            | Opt( setReporter, "name" )
+                ["-r"]["--reporter"]
+                ( "reporter to use (defaults to console)" )
+            | Opt( config.name, "name" )
+                ["-n"]["--name"]
+                ( "suite name" )
+            | Opt( [&]( bool ){ config.abortAfter = 1; } )
+                ["-a"]["--abort"]
+                ( "abort at first failure" )
+            | Opt( [&]( int x ){ config.abortAfter = x; }, "no. failures" )
+                ["-x"]["--abortx"]
+                ( "abort after x failures" )
+            | Opt( setWarning, "warning name" )
+                ["-w"]["--warn"]
+                ( "enable warnings" )
+            | Opt( [&]( bool flag ) { config.showDurations = flag ? ShowDurations::Always : ShowDurations::Never; }, "yes|no" )
+                ["-d"]["--durations"]
+                ( "show test durations" )
+            | Opt( config.minDuration, "seconds" )
+                ["-D"]["--min-duration"]
+                ( "show test durations for tests taking at least the given number of seconds" )
+            | Opt( loadTestNamesFromFile, "filename" )
+                ["-f"]["--input-file"]
+                ( "load test names to run from a file" )
+            | Opt( config.filenamesAsTags )
+                ["-#"]["--filenames-as-tags"]
+                ( "adds a tag for the filename" )
+            | Opt( config.sectionsToRun, "section name" )
+                ["-c"]["--section"]
+                ( "specify section to run" )
+            | Opt( setVerbosity, "quiet|normal|high" )
+                ["-v"]["--verbosity"]
+                ( "set output verbosity" )
+            | Opt( config.listTestNamesOnly )
+                ["--list-test-names-only"]
+                ( "list all/matching test cases names only" )
+            | Opt( config.listReporters )
+                ["--list-reporters"]
+                ( "list all reporters" )
+            | Opt( setTestOrder, "decl|lex|rand" )
+                ["--order"]
+                ( "test case order (defaults to decl)" )
+            | Opt( setRngSeed, "'time'|number" )
+                ["--rng-seed"]
+                ( "set a specific seed for random numbers" )
+            | Opt( setColourUsage, "yes|no" )
+                ["--use-colour"]
+                ( "should output be colourised" )
+            | Opt( config.libIdentify )
+                ["--libidentify"]
+                ( "report name and version according to libidentify standard" )
+            | Opt( setWaitForKeypress, "never|start|exit|both" )
+                ["--wait-for-keypress"]
+                ( "waits for a keypress before exiting" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkSamples, "samples" )
+                ["--benchmark-samples"]
+                ( "number of samples to collect (default: 100)" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkResamples, "resamples" )
+                ["--benchmark-resamples"]
+                ( "number of resamples for the bootstrap (default: 100000)" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkConfidenceInterval, "confidence interval" )
+                ["--benchmark-confidence-interval"]
+                ( "confidence interval for the bootstrap (between 0 and 1, default: 0.95)" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkNoAnalysis )
+                ["--benchmark-no-analysis"]
+                ( "perform only measurements; do not perform any analysis" )
+            | Opt( config.benchmarkWarmupTime, "benchmarkWarmupTime" )
+                ["--benchmark-warmup-time"]
+                ( "amount of time in milliseconds spent on warming up each test (default: 100)" )
+            | Arg( config.testsOrTags, "test name|pattern|tags" )
+                ( "which test or tests to use" );
+
+        return cli;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_commandline.cpp
+// start catch_common.cpp
+
+#include <cstring>
+#include <ostream>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct ConfigData {
+    bool SourceLineInfo::operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept {
+        return line == other.line && (file == other.file || std::strcmp(file, other.file) == 0);
+    }
+    bool SourceLineInfo::operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const noexcept {
+        // We can assume that the same file will usually have the same pointer.
+        // Thus, if the pointers are the same, there is no point in calling the strcmp
+        return line < other.line || ( line == other.line && file != other.file && (std::strcmp(file, other.file) < 0));
+    }
 
-        ConfigData()
-        :   listTests( false ),
-            listTags( false ),
-            listReporters( false ),
-            listTestNamesOnly( false ),
-            listExtraInfo( false ),
-            showSuccessfulTests( false ),
-            shouldDebugBreak( false ),
-            noThrow( false ),
-            showHelp( false ),
-            showInvisibles( false ),
-            filenamesAsTags( false ),
-            libIdentify( false ),
-            abortAfter( -1 ),
-            rngSeed( 0 ),
-            verbosity( Verbosity::Normal ),
-            warnings( WarnAbout::Nothing ),
-            showDurations( ShowDurations::DefaultForReporter ),
-            runOrder( RunTests::InDeclarationOrder ),
-            useColour( UseColour::Auto ),
-            waitForKeypress( WaitForKeypress::Never )
-        {}
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, SourceLineInfo const& info ) {
+#ifndef __GNUG__
+        os << info.file << '(' << info.line << ')';
+#else
+        os << info.file << ':' << info.line;
+#endif
+        return os;
+    }
 
-        bool listTests;
-        bool listTags;
-        bool listReporters;
-        bool listTestNamesOnly;
-        bool listExtraInfo;
-
-        bool showSuccessfulTests;
-        bool shouldDebugBreak;
-        bool noThrow;
-        bool showHelp;
-        bool showInvisibles;
-        bool filenamesAsTags;
-        bool libIdentify;
-
-        int abortAfter;
-        unsigned int rngSeed;
-
-        Verbosity::Level verbosity;
-        WarnAbout::What warnings;
-        ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations;
-        RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder;
-        UseColour::YesOrNo useColour;
-        WaitForKeypress::When waitForKeypress;
+    std::string StreamEndStop::operator+() const {
+        return std::string();
+    }
 
-        std::string outputFilename;
-        std::string name;
-        std::string processName;
+    NonCopyable::NonCopyable() = default;
+    NonCopyable::~NonCopyable() = default;
 
-        std::vector<std::string> reporterNames;
-        std::vector<std::string> testsOrTags;
-        std::vector<std::string> sectionsToRun;
-    };
+}
+// end catch_common.cpp
+// start catch_config.cpp
 
-    class Config : public SharedImpl<IConfig> {
-    private:
-        Config( Config const& other );
-        Config& operator = ( Config const& other );
-        virtual void dummy();
-    public:
+namespace Catch {
 
-        Config()
-        {}
+    Config::Config( ConfigData const& data )
+    :   m_data( data ),
+        m_stream( openStream() )
+    {
+        // We need to trim filter specs to avoid trouble with superfluous
+        // whitespace (esp. important for bdd macros, as those are manually
+        // aligned with whitespace).
 
-        Config( ConfigData const& data )
-        :   m_data( data ),
-            m_stream( openStream() )
-        {
-            if( !data.testsOrTags.empty() ) {
-                TestSpecParser parser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() );
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < data.testsOrTags.size(); ++i )
-                    parser.parse( data.testsOrTags[i] );
-                m_testSpec = parser.testSpec();
-            }
+        for (auto& elem : m_data.testsOrTags) {
+            elem = trim(elem);
+        }
+        for (auto& elem : m_data.sectionsToRun) {
+            elem = trim(elem);
         }
 
-        virtual ~Config() {}
-
-        std::string const& getFilename() const {
-            return m_data.outputFilename ;
+        TestSpecParser parser(ITagAliasRegistry::get());
+        if (!m_data.testsOrTags.empty()) {
+            m_hasTestFilters = true;
+            for (auto const& testOrTags : m_data.testsOrTags) {
+                parser.parse(testOrTags);
+            }
         }
+        m_testSpec = parser.testSpec();
+    }
 
-        bool listTests() const { return m_data.listTests; }
-        bool listTestNamesOnly() const { return m_data.listTestNamesOnly; }
-        bool listTags() const { return m_data.listTags; }
-        bool listReporters() const { return m_data.listReporters; }
-        bool listExtraInfo() const { return m_data.listExtraInfo; }
+    std::string const& Config::getFilename() const {
+        return m_data.outputFilename ;
+    }
 
-        std::string getProcessName() const { return m_data.processName; }
+    bool Config::listTests() const          { return m_data.listTests; }
+    bool Config::listTestNamesOnly() const  { return m_data.listTestNamesOnly; }
+    bool Config::listTags() const           { return m_data.listTags; }
+    bool Config::listReporters() const      { return m_data.listReporters; }
 
-        std::vector<std::string> const& getReporterNames() const { return m_data.reporterNames; }
-        std::vector<std::string> const& getSectionsToRun() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_data.sectionsToRun; }
+    std::string Config::getProcessName() const { return m_data.processName; }
+    std::string const& Config::getReporterName() const { return m_data.reporterName; }
 
-        virtual TestSpec const& testSpec() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_testSpec; }
+    std::vector<std::string> const& Config::getTestsOrTags() const { return m_data.testsOrTags; }
+    std::vector<std::string> const& Config::getSectionsToRun() const { return m_data.sectionsToRun; }
 
-        bool showHelp() const { return m_data.showHelp; }
+    TestSpec const& Config::testSpec() const { return m_testSpec; }
+    bool Config::hasTestFilters() const { return m_hasTestFilters; }
 
-        // IConfig interface
-        virtual bool allowThrows() const CATCH_OVERRIDE                 { return !m_data.noThrow; }
-        virtual std::ostream& stream() const CATCH_OVERRIDE             { return m_stream->stream(); }
-        virtual std::string name() const CATCH_OVERRIDE                 { return m_data.name.empty() ? m_data.processName : m_data.name; }
-        virtual bool includeSuccessfulResults() const CATCH_OVERRIDE    { return m_data.showSuccessfulTests; }
-        virtual bool warnAboutMissingAssertions() const CATCH_OVERRIDE  { return m_data.warnings & WarnAbout::NoAssertions; }
-        virtual ShowDurations::OrNot showDurations() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_data.showDurations; }
-        virtual RunTests::InWhatOrder runOrder() const CATCH_OVERRIDE   { return m_data.runOrder; }
-        virtual unsigned int rngSeed() const CATCH_OVERRIDE             { return m_data.rngSeed; }
-        virtual UseColour::YesOrNo useColour() const CATCH_OVERRIDE     { return m_data.useColour; }
-        virtual bool shouldDebugBreak() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_data.shouldDebugBreak; }
-        virtual int abortAfter() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_data.abortAfter; }
-        virtual bool showInvisibles() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return m_data.showInvisibles; }
+    bool Config::showHelp() const { return m_data.showHelp; }
 
-    private:
+    // IConfig interface
+    bool Config::allowThrows() const                   { return !m_data.noThrow; }
+    std::ostream& Config::stream() const               { return m_stream->stream(); }
+    std::string Config::name() const                   { return m_data.name.empty() ? m_data.processName : m_data.name; }
+    bool Config::includeSuccessfulResults() const      { return m_data.showSuccessfulTests; }
+    bool Config::warnAboutMissingAssertions() const    { return !!(m_data.warnings & WarnAbout::NoAssertions); }
+    bool Config::warnAboutNoTests() const              { return !!(m_data.warnings & WarnAbout::NoTests); }
+    ShowDurations::OrNot Config::showDurations() const { return m_data.showDurations; }
+    double Config::minDuration() const                 { return m_data.minDuration; }
+    RunTests::InWhatOrder Config::runOrder() const     { return m_data.runOrder; }
+    unsigned int Config::rngSeed() const               { return m_data.rngSeed; }
+    UseColour::YesOrNo Config::useColour() const       { return m_data.useColour; }
+    bool Config::shouldDebugBreak() const              { return m_data.shouldDebugBreak; }
+    int Config::abortAfter() const                     { return m_data.abortAfter; }
+    bool Config::showInvisibles() const                { return m_data.showInvisibles; }
+    Verbosity Config::verbosity() const                { return m_data.verbosity; }
 
-        IStream const* openStream() {
-            if( m_data.outputFilename.empty() )
-                return new CoutStream();
-            else if( m_data.outputFilename[0] == '%' ) {
-                if( m_data.outputFilename == "%debug" )
-                    return new DebugOutStream();
-                else
-                    throw std::domain_error( "Unrecognised stream: " + m_data.outputFilename );
-            }
-            else
-                return new FileStream( m_data.outputFilename );
-        }
-        ConfigData m_data;
+    bool Config::benchmarkNoAnalysis() const                      { return m_data.benchmarkNoAnalysis; }
+    int Config::benchmarkSamples() const                          { return m_data.benchmarkSamples; }
+    double Config::benchmarkConfidenceInterval() const            { return m_data.benchmarkConfidenceInterval; }
+    unsigned int Config::benchmarkResamples() const               { return m_data.benchmarkResamples; }
+    std::chrono::milliseconds Config::benchmarkWarmupTime() const { return std::chrono::milliseconds(m_data.benchmarkWarmupTime); }
 
-        CATCH_AUTO_PTR( IStream const ) m_stream;
-        TestSpec m_testSpec;
-    };
+    IStream const* Config::openStream() {
+        return Catch::makeStream(m_data.outputFilename);
+    }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_config.cpp
+// start catch_console_colour.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_clara.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CLARA_H_INCLUDED
-
-// Use Catch's value for console width (store Clara's off to the side, if present)
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-#define CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-#undef CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
 #endif
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
 
-// Declare Clara inside the Catch namespace
-#define STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE namespace Catch {
-// #included from: ../external/clara.h
+// start catch_errno_guard.h
 
-// Version 0.0.2.4
+namespace Catch {
 
-// Only use header guard if we are not using an outer namespace
-#if !defined(TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_H_INCLUDED) || defined(STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE)
+    class ErrnoGuard {
+    public:
+        ErrnoGuard();
+        ~ErrnoGuard();
+    private:
+        int m_oldErrno;
+    };
 
-#ifndef STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_H_INCLUDED
-#define STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-#define STITCH_CLARA_CLOSE_NAMESPACE
-#else
-#define STITCH_CLARA_CLOSE_NAMESPACE }
-#endif
+}
 
-#define STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OPEN_NAMESPACE STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
+// end catch_errno_guard.h
+#include <sstream>
 
-// ----------- #included from tbc_text_format.h -----------
+namespace Catch {
+    namespace {
 
-// Only use header guard if we are not using an outer namespace
-#if !defined(TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_H_INCLUDED) || defined(STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE)
-#ifndef STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-#define TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_H_INCLUDED
-#endif
+        struct IColourImpl {
+            virtual ~IColourImpl() = default;
+            virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) = 0;
+        };
 
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
-#include <sstream>
-#include <algorithm>
-#include <cctype>
+        struct NoColourImpl : IColourImpl {
+            void use( Colour::Code ) override {}
 
-// Use optional outer namespace
-#ifdef STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-namespace STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE {
-#endif
+            static IColourImpl* instance() {
+                static NoColourImpl s_instance;
+                return &s_instance;
+            }
+        };
 
-namespace Tbc {
+    } // anon namespace
+} // namespace Catch
 
-#ifdef TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
-#else
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = 80;
+#if !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI )
+#   ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS
+#   else
+#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI
+#   endif
 #endif
 
-    struct TextAttributes {
-        TextAttributes()
-        :   initialIndent( std::string::npos ),
-            indent( 0 ),
-            width( consoleWidth-1 ),
-            tabChar( '\t' )
-        {}
-
-        TextAttributes& setInitialIndent( std::size_t _value )  { initialIndent = _value; return *this; }
-        TextAttributes& setIndent( std::size_t _value )         { indent = _value; return *this; }
-        TextAttributes& setWidth( std::size_t _value )          { width = _value; return *this; }
-        TextAttributes& setTabChar( char _value )               { tabChar = _value; return *this; }
+#if defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) /////////////////////////////////////////
 
-        std::size_t initialIndent;  // indent of first line, or npos
-        std::size_t indent;         // indent of subsequent lines, or all if initialIndent is npos
-        std::size_t width;          // maximum width of text, including indent. Longer text will wrap
-        char tabChar;               // If this char is seen the indent is changed to current pos
-    };
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
 
-    class Text {
+    class Win32ColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
     public:
-        Text( std::string const& _str, TextAttributes const& _attr = TextAttributes() )
-        : attr( _attr )
+        Win32ColourImpl() : stdoutHandle( GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE) )
         {
-            std::string wrappableChars = " [({.,/|\\-";
-            std::size_t indent = _attr.initialIndent != std::string::npos
-                ? _attr.initialIndent
-                : _attr.indent;
-            std::string remainder = _str;
-
-            while( !remainder.empty() ) {
-                if( lines.size() >= 1000 ) {
-                    lines.push_back( "... message truncated due to excessive size" );
-                    return;
-                }
-                std::size_t tabPos = std::string::npos;
-                std::size_t width = (std::min)( remainder.size(), _attr.width - indent );
-                std::size_t pos = remainder.find_first_of( '\n' );
-                if( pos <= width ) {
-                    width = pos;
-                }
-                pos = remainder.find_last_of( _attr.tabChar, width );
-                if( pos != std::string::npos ) {
-                    tabPos = pos;
-                    if( remainder[width] == '\n' )
-                        width--;
-                    remainder = remainder.substr( 0, tabPos ) + remainder.substr( tabPos+1 );
-                }
-
-                if( width == remainder.size() ) {
-                    spliceLine( indent, remainder, width );
-                }
-                else if( remainder[width] == '\n' ) {
-                    spliceLine( indent, remainder, width );
-                    if( width <= 1 || remainder.size() != 1 )
-                        remainder = remainder.substr( 1 );
-                    indent = _attr.indent;
-                }
-                else {
-                    pos = remainder.find_last_of( wrappableChars, width );
-                    if( pos != std::string::npos && pos > 0 ) {
-                        spliceLine( indent, remainder, pos );
-                        if( remainder[0] == ' ' )
-                            remainder = remainder.substr( 1 );
-                    }
-                    else {
-                        spliceLine( indent, remainder, width-1 );
-                        lines.back() += "-";
-                    }
-                    if( lines.size() == 1 )
-                        indent = _attr.indent;
-                    if( tabPos != std::string::npos )
-                        indent += tabPos;
-                }
-            }
+            CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbiInfo;
+            GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo( stdoutHandle, &csbiInfo );
+            originalForegroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( BACKGROUND_GREEN | BACKGROUND_RED | BACKGROUND_BLUE | BACKGROUND_INTENSITY );
+            originalBackgroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
         }
 
-        void spliceLine( std::size_t _indent, std::string& _remainder, std::size_t _pos ) {
-            lines.push_back( std::string( _indent, ' ' ) + _remainder.substr( 0, _pos ) );
-            _remainder = _remainder.substr( _pos );
-        }
+        void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) override {
+            switch( _colourCode ) {
+                case Colour::None:      return setTextAttribute( originalForegroundAttributes );
+                case Colour::White:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::Red:       return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED );
+                case Colour::Green:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Blue:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::Cyan:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Yellow:    return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::Grey:      return setTextAttribute( 0 );
 
-        typedef std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator const_iterator;
+                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
+                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_RED );
+                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
+                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+                case Colour::BrightYellow:  return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
 
-        const_iterator begin() const { return lines.begin(); }
-        const_iterator end() const { return lines.end(); }
-        std::string const& last() const { return lines.back(); }
-        std::size_t size() const { return lines.size(); }
-        std::string const& operator[]( std::size_t _index ) const { return lines[_index]; }
-        std::string toString() const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << *this;
-            return oss.str();
-        }
+                case Colour::Bright: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "not a colour" );
 
-        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& _stream, Text const& _text ) {
-            for( Text::const_iterator it = _text.begin(), itEnd = _text.end();
-                it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                if( it != _text.begin() )
-                    _stream << "\n";
-                _stream << *it;
+                default:
+                    CATCH_ERROR( "Unknown colour requested" );
             }
-            return _stream;
         }
 
     private:
-        std::string str;
-        TextAttributes attr;
-        std::vector<std::string> lines;
+        void setTextAttribute( WORD _textAttribute ) {
+            SetConsoleTextAttribute( stdoutHandle, _textAttribute | originalBackgroundAttributes );
+        }
+        HANDLE stdoutHandle;
+        WORD originalForegroundAttributes;
+        WORD originalBackgroundAttributes;
     };
 
-} // end namespace Tbc
+    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
+        static Win32ColourImpl s_instance;
 
-#ifdef STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-} // end outer namespace
-#endif
+        IConfigPtr config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
+        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
+            ? config->useColour()
+            : UseColour::Auto;
+        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
+            colourMode = UseColour::Yes;
+        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
+            ? &s_instance
+            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+    }
 
-#endif // TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_H_INCLUDED
+} // end anon namespace
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-// ----------- end of #include from tbc_text_format.h -----------
-// ........... back in clara.h
+#elif defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI ) //////////////////////////////////////
 
-#undef STITCH_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OPEN_NAMESPACE
+#include <unistd.h>
 
-// ----------- #included from clara_compilers.h -----------
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
 
-#ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_COMPILERS_H_INCLUDED
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_COMPILERS_H_INCLUDED
+    // use POSIX/ ANSI console terminal codes
+    // Thanks to Adam Strzelecki for original contribution
+    // (http://github.com/nanoant)
+    // https://github.com/philsquared/Catch/pull/131
+    class PosixColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
+    public:
+        void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) override {
+            switch( _colourCode ) {
+                case Colour::None:
+                case Colour::White:     return setColour( "[0m" );
+                case Colour::Red:       return setColour( "[0;31m" );
+                case Colour::Green:     return setColour( "[0;32m" );
+                case Colour::Blue:      return setColour( "[0;34m" );
+                case Colour::Cyan:      return setColour( "[0;36m" );
+                case Colour::Yellow:    return setColour( "[0;33m" );
+                case Colour::Grey:      return setColour( "[1;30m" );
 
-// Detect a number of compiler features - mostly C++11/14 conformance - by compiler
-// The following features are defined:
-//
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR : is nullptr supported?
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT : is noexcept supported?
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS : The delete and default keywords for compiler generated methods
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE : is override supported?
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR : is unique_ptr supported (otherwise use auto_ptr)
+                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setColour( "[0;37m" );
+                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setColour( "[1;31m" );
+                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setColour( "[1;32m" );
+                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setColour( "[1;37m" );
+                case Colour::BrightYellow:  return setColour( "[1;33m" );
 
-// CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_OR_GREATER : Is C++11 supported?
+                case Colour::Bright: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "not a colour" );
+                default: CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown colour requested" );
+            }
+        }
+        static IColourImpl* instance() {
+            static PosixColourImpl s_instance;
+            return &s_instance;
+        }
 
-// CLARA_CONFIG_VARIADIC_MACROS : are variadic macros supported?
+    private:
+        void setColour( const char* _escapeCode ) {
+            getCurrentContext().getConfig()->stream()
+                << '\033' << _escapeCode;
+        }
+    };
 
-// In general each macro has a _NO_<feature name> form
-// (e.g. CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NULLPTR) which disables the feature.
-// Many features, at point of detection, define an _INTERNAL_ macro, so they
-// can be combined, en-mass, with the _NO_ forms later.
+    bool useColourOnPlatform() {
+        return
+#if defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC) || defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE)
+            !isDebuggerActive() &&
+#endif
+#if !(defined(__DJGPP__) && defined(__STRICT_ANSI__))
+            isatty(STDOUT_FILENO)
+#else
+            false
+#endif
+            ;
+    }
+    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
+        ErrnoGuard guard;
+        IConfigPtr config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
+        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
+            ? config->useColour()
+            : UseColour::Auto;
+        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
+            colourMode = useColourOnPlatform()
+                ? UseColour::Yes
+                : UseColour::No;
+        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
+            ? PosixColourImpl::instance()
+            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+    }
 
-// All the C++11 features can be disabled with CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11
+} // end anon namespace
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-#ifdef __clang__
+#else  // not Windows or ANSI ///////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-#if __has_feature(cxx_nullptr)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#endif
+namespace Catch {
 
-#if __has_feature(cxx_noexcept)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#endif
+    static IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() { return NoColourImpl::instance(); }
 
-#endif // __clang__
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// GCC
-#ifdef __GNUC__
+#endif // Windows/ ANSI/ None
 
-#if __GNUC__ == 4 && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 6 && defined(__GXX_EXPERIMENTAL_CXX0X__)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#endif
+namespace Catch {
 
-// - otherwise more recent versions define __cplusplus >= 201103L
-// and will get picked up below
+    Colour::Colour( Code _colourCode ) { use( _colourCode ); }
+    Colour::Colour( Colour&& other ) noexcept {
+        m_moved = other.m_moved;
+        other.m_moved = true;
+    }
+    Colour& Colour::operator=( Colour&& other ) noexcept {
+        m_moved = other.m_moved;
+        other.m_moved  = true;
+        return *this;
+    }
 
-#endif // __GNUC__
+    Colour::~Colour(){ if( !m_moved ) use( None ); }
 
-////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// Visual C++
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
+    void Colour::use( Code _colourCode ) {
+        static IColourImpl* impl = platformColourInstance();
+        // Strictly speaking, this cannot possibly happen.
+        // However, under some conditions it does happen (see #1626),
+        // and this change is small enough that we can let practicality
+        // triumph over purity in this case.
+        if (impl != nullptr) {
+            impl->use( _colourCode );
+        }
+    }
 
-#if (_MSC_VER >= 1600)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#endif
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Colour const& ) {
+        return os;
+    }
+
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-#if (_MSC_VER >= 1900 ) // (VC++ 13 (VS2015))
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
 #endif
 
-#endif // _MSC_VER
+// end catch_console_colour.cpp
+// start catch_context.cpp
 
-////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-// C++ language feature support
+namespace Catch {
 
-// catch all support for C++11
-#if defined(__cplusplus) && __cplusplus >= 201103L
+    class Context : public IMutableContext, NonCopyable {
 
-#define CLARA_CPP11_OR_GREATER
+    public: // IContext
+        IResultCapture* getResultCapture() override {
+            return m_resultCapture;
+        }
+        IRunner* getRunner() override {
+            return m_runner;
+        }
 
-#if !defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#endif
+        IConfigPtr const& getConfig() const override {
+            return m_config;
+        }
 
-#ifndef CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#endif
+        ~Context() override;
 
-#ifndef CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#endif
+    public: // IMutableContext
+        void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) override {
+            m_resultCapture = resultCapture;
+        }
+        void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) override {
+            m_runner = runner;
+        }
+        void setConfig( IConfigPtr const& config ) override {
+            m_config = config;
+        }
 
-#if !defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
-#endif
-#if !defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR)
-#define CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#endif
+        friend IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
 
-#endif // __cplusplus >= 201103L
+    private:
+        IConfigPtr m_config;
+        IRunner* m_runner = nullptr;
+        IResultCapture* m_resultCapture = nullptr;
+    };
 
-// Now set the actual defines based on the above + anything the user has configured
-#if defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NULLPTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#endif
-#if defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT
-#endif
-#if defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NO_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-#endif
-#if defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
-#endif
-#if defined(CLARA_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR) && !defined(CLARA_CONFIG_NO_CPP11)
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#endif
+    IMutableContext *IMutableContext::currentContext = nullptr;
 
-// noexcept support:
-#if defined(CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NOEXCEPT) && !defined(CLARA_NOEXCEPT)
-#define CLARA_NOEXCEPT noexcept
-#  define CLARA_NOEXCEPT_IS(x) noexcept(x)
-#else
-#define CLARA_NOEXCEPT throw()
-#  define CLARA_NOEXCEPT_IS(x)
-#endif
+    void IMutableContext::createContext()
+    {
+        currentContext = new Context();
+    }
 
-// nullptr support
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-#define CLARA_NULL nullptr
-#else
-#define CLARA_NULL NULL
-#endif
+    void cleanUpContext() {
+        delete IMutableContext::currentContext;
+        IMutableContext::currentContext = nullptr;
+    }
+    IContext::~IContext() = default;
+    IMutableContext::~IMutableContext() = default;
+    Context::~Context() = default;
 
-// override support
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_OVERRIDE
-#define CLARA_OVERRIDE override
-#else
-#define CLARA_OVERRIDE
-#endif
+    SimplePcg32& rng() {
+        static SimplePcg32 s_rng;
+        return s_rng;
+    }
 
-// unique_ptr support
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_UNIQUE_PTR
-#   define CLARA_AUTO_PTR( T ) std::unique_ptr<T>
-#else
-#   define CLARA_AUTO_PTR( T ) std::auto_ptr<T>
-#endif
+}
+// end catch_context.cpp
+// start catch_debug_console.cpp
 
-#endif // TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_COMPILERS_H_INCLUDED
+// start catch_debug_console.h
 
-// ----------- end of #include from clara_compilers.h -----------
-// ........... back in clara.h
+#include <string>
 
-#include <map>
-#include <stdexcept>
-#include <memory>
+namespace Catch {
+    void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text );
+}
 
-#if defined(WIN32) || defined(__WIN32__) || defined(_WIN32) || defined(_MSC_VER)
-#define CLARA_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
-#endif
+// end catch_debug_console.h
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ANDROID_LOGWRITE)
+#include <android/log.h>
 
-// Use optional outer namespace
-#ifdef STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-#endif
+    namespace Catch {
+        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
+            __android_log_write( ANDROID_LOG_DEBUG, "Catch", text.c_str() );
+        }
+    }
+
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS)
+
+    namespace Catch {
+        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
+            ::OutputDebugStringA( text.c_str() );
+        }
+    }
 
-namespace Clara {
+#else
 
-    struct UnpositionalTag {};
+    namespace Catch {
+        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
+            // !TBD: Need a version for Mac/ XCode and other IDEs
+            Catch::cout() << text;
+        }
+    }
 
-    extern UnpositionalTag _;
+#endif // Platform
+// end catch_debug_console.cpp
+// start catch_debugger.cpp
 
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_MAIN
-    UnpositionalTag _;
-#endif
+#if defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC) || defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_IPHONE)
 
-    namespace Detail {
+#  include <cassert>
+#  include <sys/types.h>
+#  include <unistd.h>
+#  include <cstddef>
+#  include <ostream>
 
-#ifdef CLARA_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
-#else
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = 80;
+#ifdef __apple_build_version__
+    // These headers will only compile with AppleClang (XCode)
+    // For other compilers (Clang, GCC, ... ) we need to exclude them
+#  include <sys/sysctl.h>
 #endif
 
-        using namespace Tbc;
-
-        inline bool startsWith( std::string const& str, std::string const& prefix ) {
-            return str.size() >= prefix.size() && str.substr( 0, prefix.size() ) == prefix;
-        }
-
-        template<typename T> struct RemoveConstRef{ typedef T type; };
-        template<typename T> struct RemoveConstRef<T&>{ typedef T type; };
-        template<typename T> struct RemoveConstRef<T const&>{ typedef T type; };
-        template<typename T> struct RemoveConstRef<T const>{ typedef T type; };
-
-        template<typename T>    struct IsBool       { static const bool value = false; };
-        template<>              struct IsBool<bool> { static const bool value = true; };
+    namespace Catch {
+        #ifdef __apple_build_version__
+        // The following function is taken directly from the following technical note:
+        // https://developer.apple.com/library/archive/qa/qa1361/_index.html
 
-        template<typename T>
-        void convertInto( std::string const& _source, T& _dest ) {
-            std::stringstream ss;
-            ss << _source;
-            ss >> _dest;
-            if( ss.fail() )
-                throw std::runtime_error( "Unable to convert " + _source + " to destination type" );
-        }
-        inline void convertInto( std::string const& _source, std::string& _dest ) {
-            _dest = _source;
-        }
-        char toLowerCh(char c) {
-            return static_cast<char>( std::tolower( c ) );
-        }
-        inline void convertInto( std::string const& _source, bool& _dest ) {
-            std::string sourceLC = _source;
-            std::transform( sourceLC.begin(), sourceLC.end(), sourceLC.begin(), toLowerCh );
-            if( sourceLC == "y" || sourceLC == "1" || sourceLC == "true" || sourceLC == "yes" || sourceLC == "on" )
-                _dest = true;
-            else if( sourceLC == "n" || sourceLC == "0" || sourceLC == "false" || sourceLC == "no" || sourceLC == "off" )
-                _dest = false;
-            else
-                throw std::runtime_error( "Expected a boolean value but did not recognise:\n  '" + _source + "'" );
-        }
+        // Returns true if the current process is being debugged (either
+        // running under the debugger or has a debugger attached post facto).
+        bool isDebuggerActive(){
+            int                 mib[4];
+            struct kinfo_proc   info;
+            std::size_t         size;
 
-        template<typename ConfigT>
-        struct IArgFunction {
-            virtual ~IArgFunction() {}
-#ifdef CLARA_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-            IArgFunction()                      = default;
-            IArgFunction( IArgFunction const& ) = default;
-#endif
-            virtual void set( ConfigT& config, std::string const& value ) const = 0;
-            virtual bool takesArg() const = 0;
-            virtual IArgFunction* clone() const = 0;
-        };
+            // Initialize the flags so that, if sysctl fails for some bizarre
+            // reason, we get a predictable result.
 
-        template<typename ConfigT>
-        class BoundArgFunction {
-        public:
-            BoundArgFunction() : functionObj( CLARA_NULL ) {}
-            BoundArgFunction( IArgFunction<ConfigT>* _functionObj ) : functionObj( _functionObj ) {}
-            BoundArgFunction( BoundArgFunction const& other ) : functionObj( other.functionObj ? other.functionObj->clone() : CLARA_NULL ) {}
-            BoundArgFunction& operator = ( BoundArgFunction const& other ) {
-                IArgFunction<ConfigT>* newFunctionObj = other.functionObj ? other.functionObj->clone() : CLARA_NULL;
-                delete functionObj;
-                functionObj = newFunctionObj;
-                return *this;
-            }
-            ~BoundArgFunction() { delete functionObj; }
+            info.kp_proc.p_flag = 0;
 
-            void set( ConfigT& config, std::string const& value ) const {
-                functionObj->set( config, value );
-            }
-            bool takesArg() const { return functionObj->takesArg(); }
+            // Initialize mib, which tells sysctl the info we want, in this case
+            // we're looking for information about a specific process ID.
 
-            bool isSet() const {
-                return functionObj != CLARA_NULL;
-            }
-        private:
-            IArgFunction<ConfigT>* functionObj;
-        };
+            mib[0] = CTL_KERN;
+            mib[1] = KERN_PROC;
+            mib[2] = KERN_PROC_PID;
+            mib[3] = getpid();
 
-        template<typename C>
-        struct NullBinder : IArgFunction<C>{
-            virtual void set( C&, std::string const& ) const {}
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return true; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new NullBinder( *this ); }
-        };
+            // Call sysctl.
 
-        template<typename C, typename M>
-        struct BoundDataMember : IArgFunction<C>{
-            BoundDataMember( M C::* _member ) : member( _member ) {}
-            virtual void set( C& p, std::string const& stringValue ) const {
-                convertInto( stringValue, p.*member );
+            size = sizeof(info);
+            if( sysctl(mib, sizeof(mib) / sizeof(*mib), &info, &size, nullptr, 0) != 0 ) {
+                Catch::cerr() << "\n** Call to sysctl failed - unable to determine if debugger is active **\n" << std::endl;
+                return false;
             }
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return !IsBool<M>::value; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new BoundDataMember( *this ); }
-            M C::* member;
-        };
-        template<typename C, typename M>
-        struct BoundUnaryMethod : IArgFunction<C>{
-            BoundUnaryMethod( void (C::*_member)( M ) ) : member( _member ) {}
-            virtual void set( C& p, std::string const& stringValue ) const {
-                typename RemoveConstRef<M>::type value;
-                convertInto( stringValue, value );
-                (p.*member)( value );
-            }
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return !IsBool<M>::value; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new BoundUnaryMethod( *this ); }
-            void (C::*member)( M );
-        };
-        template<typename C>
-        struct BoundNullaryMethod : IArgFunction<C>{
-            BoundNullaryMethod( void (C::*_member)() ) : member( _member ) {}
-            virtual void set( C& p, std::string const& stringValue ) const {
-                bool value;
-                convertInto( stringValue, value );
-                if( value )
-                    (p.*member)();
-            }
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return false; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new BoundNullaryMethod( *this ); }
-            void (C::*member)();
-        };
 
-        template<typename C>
-        struct BoundUnaryFunction : IArgFunction<C>{
-            BoundUnaryFunction( void (*_function)( C& ) ) : function( _function ) {}
-            virtual void set( C& obj, std::string const& stringValue ) const {
-                bool value;
-                convertInto( stringValue, value );
-                if( value )
-                    function( obj );
-            }
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return false; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new BoundUnaryFunction( *this ); }
-            void (*function)( C& );
-        };
+            // We're being debugged if the P_TRACED flag is set.
 
-        template<typename C, typename T>
-        struct BoundBinaryFunction : IArgFunction<C>{
-            BoundBinaryFunction( void (*_function)( C&, T ) ) : function( _function ) {}
-            virtual void set( C& obj, std::string const& stringValue ) const {
-                typename RemoveConstRef<T>::type value;
-                convertInto( stringValue, value );
-                function( obj, value );
-            }
-            virtual bool takesArg() const { return !IsBool<T>::value; }
-            virtual IArgFunction<C>* clone() const { return new BoundBinaryFunction( *this ); }
-            void (*function)( C&, T );
-        };
+            return ( (info.kp_proc.p_flag & P_TRACED) != 0 );
+        }
+        #else
+        bool isDebuggerActive() {
+            // We need to find another way to determine this for non-appleclang compilers on macOS
+            return false;
+        }
+        #endif
+    } // namespace Catch
 
-    } // namespace Detail
+#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
+    #include <fstream>
+    #include <string>
 
-    inline std::vector<std::string> argsToVector( int argc, char const* const* const argv ) {
-        std::vector<std::string> args( static_cast<std::size_t>( argc ) );
-        for( std::size_t i = 0; i < static_cast<std::size_t>( argc ); ++i )
-            args[i] = argv[i];
+    namespace Catch{
+        // The standard POSIX way of detecting a debugger is to attempt to
+        // ptrace() the process, but this needs to be done from a child and not
+        // this process itself to still allow attaching to this process later
+        // if wanted, so is rather heavy. Under Linux we have the PID of the
+        // "debugger" (which doesn't need to be gdb, of course, it could also
+        // be strace, for example) in /proc/$PID/status, so just get it from
+        // there instead.
+        bool isDebuggerActive(){
+            // Libstdc++ has a bug, where std::ifstream sets errno to 0
+            // This way our users can properly assert over errno values
+            ErrnoGuard guard;
+            std::ifstream in("/proc/self/status");
+            for( std::string line; std::getline(in, line); ) {
+                static const int PREFIX_LEN = 11;
+                if( line.compare(0, PREFIX_LEN, "TracerPid:\t") == 0 ) {
+                    // We're traced if the PID is not 0 and no other PID starts
+                    // with 0 digit, so it's enough to check for just a single
+                    // character.
+                    return line.length() > PREFIX_LEN && line[PREFIX_LEN] != '0';
+                }
+            }
 
-        return args;
+            return false;
+        }
+    } // namespace Catch
+#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
+    namespace Catch {
+        bool isDebuggerActive() {
+            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
+        }
     }
+#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
+    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
+    namespace Catch {
+        bool isDebuggerActive() {
+            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
+        }
+    }
+#else
+    namespace Catch {
+       bool isDebuggerActive() { return false; }
+    }
+#endif // Platform
+// end catch_debugger.cpp
+// start catch_decomposer.cpp
 
-    class Parser {
-        enum Mode { None, MaybeShortOpt, SlashOpt, ShortOpt, LongOpt, Positional };
-        Mode mode;
-        std::size_t from;
-        bool inQuotes;
-    public:
-
-        struct Token {
-            enum Type { Positional, ShortOpt, LongOpt };
-            Token( Type _type, std::string const& _data ) : type( _type ), data( _data ) {}
-            Type type;
-            std::string data;
-        };
+namespace Catch {
 
-        Parser() : mode( None ), from( 0 ), inQuotes( false ){}
+    ITransientExpression::~ITransientExpression() = default;
 
-        void parseIntoTokens( std::vector<std::string> const& args, std::vector<Token>& tokens ) {
-            const std::string doubleDash = "--";
-            for( std::size_t i = 1; i < args.size() && args[i] != doubleDash; ++i )
-                parseIntoTokens( args[i], tokens);
-        }
+    void formatReconstructedExpression( std::ostream &os, std::string const& lhs, StringRef op, std::string const& rhs ) {
+        if( lhs.size() + rhs.size() < 40 &&
+                lhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos &&
+                rhs.find('\n') == std::string::npos )
+            os << lhs << " " << op << " " << rhs;
+        else
+            os << lhs << "\n" << op << "\n" << rhs;
+    }
+}
+// end catch_decomposer.cpp
+// start catch_enforce.cpp
 
-        void parseIntoTokens( std::string const& arg, std::vector<Token>& tokens ) {
-            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < arg.size(); ++i ) {
-                char c = arg[i];
-                if( c == '"' )
-                    inQuotes = !inQuotes;
-                mode = handleMode( i, c, arg, tokens );
-            }
-            mode = handleMode( arg.size(), '\0', arg, tokens );
-        }
-        Mode handleMode( std::size_t i, char c, std::string const& arg, std::vector<Token>& tokens ) {
-            switch( mode ) {
-                case None: return handleNone( i, c );
-                case MaybeShortOpt: return handleMaybeShortOpt( i, c );
-                case ShortOpt:
-                case LongOpt:
-                case SlashOpt: return handleOpt( i, c, arg, tokens );
-                case Positional: return handlePositional( i, c, arg, tokens );
-                default: throw std::logic_error( "Unknown mode" );
-            }
-        }
+#include <stdexcept>
 
-        Mode handleNone( std::size_t i, char c ) {
-            if( inQuotes ) {
-                from = i;
-                return Positional;
-            }
-            switch( c ) {
-                case '-': return MaybeShortOpt;
-#ifdef CLARA_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
-                case '/': from = i+1; return SlashOpt;
+namespace Catch {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS) && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS_CUSTOM_HANDLER)
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_exception(std::exception const& e) {
+        Catch::cerr() << "Catch will terminate because it needed to throw an exception.\n"
+                      << "The message was: " << e.what() << '\n';
+        std::terminate();
+    }
 #endif
-                default: from = i; return Positional;
-            }
-        }
-        Mode handleMaybeShortOpt( std::size_t i, char c ) {
-            switch( c ) {
-                case '-': from = i+1; return LongOpt;
-                default: from = i; return ShortOpt;
-            }
-        }
-
-        Mode handleOpt( std::size_t i, char c, std::string const& arg, std::vector<Token>& tokens ) {
-            if( std::string( ":=\0", 3 ).find( c ) == std::string::npos )
-                return mode;
 
-            std::string optName = arg.substr( from, i-from );
-            if( mode == ShortOpt )
-                for( std::size_t j = 0; j < optName.size(); ++j )
-                    tokens.push_back( Token( Token::ShortOpt, optName.substr( j, 1 ) ) );
-            else if( mode == SlashOpt && optName.size() == 1 )
-                tokens.push_back( Token( Token::ShortOpt, optName ) );
-            else
-                tokens.push_back( Token( Token::LongOpt, optName ) );
-            return None;
-        }
-        Mode handlePositional( std::size_t i, char c, std::string const& arg, std::vector<Token>& tokens ) {
-            if( inQuotes || std::string( "\0", 1 ).find( c ) == std::string::npos )
-                return mode;
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_logic_error(std::string const& msg) {
+        throw_exception(std::logic_error(msg));
+    }
 
-            std::string data = arg.substr( from, i-from );
-            tokens.push_back( Token( Token::Positional, data ) );
-            return None;
-        }
-    };
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_domain_error(std::string const& msg) {
+        throw_exception(std::domain_error(msg));
+    }
 
-    template<typename ConfigT>
-    struct CommonArgProperties {
-        CommonArgProperties() {}
-        CommonArgProperties( Detail::BoundArgFunction<ConfigT> const& _boundField ) : boundField( _boundField ) {}
+    [[noreturn]]
+    void throw_runtime_error(std::string const& msg) {
+        throw_exception(std::runtime_error(msg));
+    }
 
-        Detail::BoundArgFunction<ConfigT> boundField;
-        std::string description;
-        std::string detail;
-        std::string placeholder; // Only value if boundField takes an arg
+} // namespace Catch;
+// end catch_enforce.cpp
+// start catch_enum_values_registry.cpp
+// start catch_enum_values_registry.h
 
-        bool takesArg() const {
-            return !placeholder.empty();
-        }
-        void validate() const {
-            if( !boundField.isSet() )
-                throw std::logic_error( "option not bound" );
-        }
-    };
-    struct OptionArgProperties {
-        std::vector<std::string> shortNames;
-        std::string longName;
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
 
-        bool hasShortName( std::string const& shortName ) const {
-            return std::find( shortNames.begin(), shortNames.end(), shortName ) != shortNames.end();
-        }
-        bool hasLongName( std::string const& _longName ) const {
-            return _longName == longName;
-        }
-    };
-    struct PositionalArgProperties {
-        PositionalArgProperties() : position( -1 ) {}
-        int position; // -1 means non-positional (floating)
+namespace Catch {
 
-        bool isFixedPositional() const {
-            return position != -1;
-        }
-    };
+    namespace Detail {
 
-    template<typename ConfigT>
-    class CommandLine {
+        std::unique_ptr<EnumInfo> makeEnumInfo( StringRef enumName, StringRef allValueNames, std::vector<int> const& values );
 
-        struct Arg : CommonArgProperties<ConfigT>, OptionArgProperties, PositionalArgProperties {
-            Arg() {}
-            Arg( Detail::BoundArgFunction<ConfigT> const& _boundField ) : CommonArgProperties<ConfigT>( _boundField ) {}
+        class EnumValuesRegistry : public IMutableEnumValuesRegistry {
 
-            using CommonArgProperties<ConfigT>::placeholder; // !TBD
+            std::vector<std::unique_ptr<EnumInfo>> m_enumInfos;
 
-            std::string dbgName() const {
-                if( !longName.empty() )
-                    return "--" + longName;
-                if( !shortNames.empty() )
-                    return "-" + shortNames[0];
-                return "positional args";
-            }
-            std::string commands() const {
-                std::ostringstream oss;
-                bool first = true;
-                std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator it = shortNames.begin(), itEnd = shortNames.end();
-                for(; it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                    if( first )
-                        first = false;
-                    else
-                        oss << ", ";
-                    oss << "-" << *it;
-                }
-                if( !longName.empty() ) {
-                    if( !first )
-                        oss << ", ";
-                    oss << "--" << longName;
-                }
-                if( !placeholder.empty() )
-                    oss << " <" << placeholder << ">";
-                return oss.str();
-            }
+            EnumInfo const& registerEnum( StringRef enumName, StringRef allEnums, std::vector<int> const& values) override;
         };
 
-        typedef CLARA_AUTO_PTR( Arg ) ArgAutoPtr;
+        std::vector<StringRef> parseEnums( StringRef enums );
 
-        friend void addOptName( Arg& arg, std::string const& optName )
-        {
-            if( optName.empty() )
-                return;
-            if( Detail::startsWith( optName, "--" ) ) {
-                if( !arg.longName.empty() )
-                    throw std::logic_error( "Only one long opt may be specified. '"
-                        + arg.longName
-                        + "' already specified, now attempting to add '"
-                        + optName + "'" );
-                arg.longName = optName.substr( 2 );
-            }
-            else if( Detail::startsWith( optName, "-" ) )
-                arg.shortNames.push_back( optName.substr( 1 ) );
-            else
-                throw std::logic_error( "option must begin with - or --. Option was: '" + optName + "'" );
-        }
-        friend void setPositionalArg( Arg& arg, int position )
-        {
-            arg.position = position;
-        }
+    } // Detail
 
-        class ArgBuilder {
-        public:
-            ArgBuilder( Arg* arg ) : m_arg( arg ) {}
+} // Catch
 
-            // Bind a non-boolean data member (requires placeholder string)
-            template<typename C, typename M>
-            void bind( M C::* field, std::string const& placeholder ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundDataMember<C,M>( field );
-                m_arg->placeholder = placeholder;
-            }
-            // Bind a boolean data member (no placeholder required)
-            template<typename C>
-            void bind( bool C::* field ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundDataMember<C,bool>( field );
-            }
+// end catch_enum_values_registry.h
 
-            // Bind a method taking a single, non-boolean argument (requires a placeholder string)
-            template<typename C, typename M>
-            void bind( void (C::* unaryMethod)( M ), std::string const& placeholder ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundUnaryMethod<C,M>( unaryMethod );
-                m_arg->placeholder = placeholder;
-            }
+#include <map>
+#include <cassert>
 
-            // Bind a method taking a single, boolean argument (no placeholder string required)
-            template<typename C>
-            void bind( void (C::* unaryMethod)( bool ) ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundUnaryMethod<C,bool>( unaryMethod );
-            }
+namespace Catch {
 
-            // Bind a method that takes no arguments (will be called if opt is present)
-            template<typename C>
-            void bind( void (C::* nullaryMethod)() ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundNullaryMethod<C>( nullaryMethod );
-            }
+    IMutableEnumValuesRegistry::~IMutableEnumValuesRegistry() {}
 
-            // Bind a free function taking a single argument - the object to operate on (no placeholder string required)
-            template<typename C>
-            void bind( void (* unaryFunction)( C& ) ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundUnaryFunction<C>( unaryFunction );
-            }
+    namespace Detail {
 
-            // Bind a free function taking a single argument - the object to operate on (requires a placeholder string)
-            template<typename C, typename T>
-            void bind( void (* binaryFunction)( C&, T ), std::string const& placeholder ) {
-                m_arg->boundField = new Detail::BoundBinaryFunction<C, T>( binaryFunction );
-                m_arg->placeholder = placeholder;
+        namespace {
+            // Extracts the actual name part of an enum instance
+            // In other words, it returns the Blue part of Bikeshed::Colour::Blue
+            StringRef extractInstanceName(StringRef enumInstance) {
+                // Find last occurence of ":"
+                size_t name_start = enumInstance.size();
+                while (name_start > 0 && enumInstance[name_start - 1] != ':') {
+                    --name_start;
+                }
+                return enumInstance.substr(name_start, enumInstance.size() - name_start);
             }
+        }
 
-            ArgBuilder& describe( std::string const& description ) {
-                m_arg->description = description;
-                return *this;
-            }
-            ArgBuilder& detail( std::string const& detail ) {
-                m_arg->detail = detail;
-                return *this;
+        std::vector<StringRef> parseEnums( StringRef enums ) {
+            auto enumValues = splitStringRef( enums, ',' );
+            std::vector<StringRef> parsed;
+            parsed.reserve( enumValues.size() );
+            for( auto const& enumValue : enumValues ) {
+                parsed.push_back(trim(extractInstanceName(enumValue)));
             }
+            return parsed;
+        }
 
-        protected:
-            Arg* m_arg;
-        };
-
-        class OptBuilder : public ArgBuilder {
-        public:
-            OptBuilder( Arg* arg ) : ArgBuilder( arg ) {}
-            OptBuilder( OptBuilder& other ) : ArgBuilder( other ) {}
+        EnumInfo::~EnumInfo() {}
 
-            OptBuilder& operator[]( std::string const& optName ) {
-                addOptName( *ArgBuilder::m_arg, optName );
-                return *this;
+        StringRef EnumInfo::lookup( int value ) const {
+            for( auto const& valueToName : m_values ) {
+                if( valueToName.first == value )
+                    return valueToName.second;
             }
-        };
-
-    public:
-
-        CommandLine()
-        :   m_boundProcessName( new Detail::NullBinder<ConfigT>() ),
-            m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition( 0 ),
-            m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens( false )
-        {}
-        CommandLine( CommandLine const& other )
-        :   m_boundProcessName( other.m_boundProcessName ),
-            m_options ( other.m_options ),
-            m_positionalArgs( other.m_positionalArgs ),
-            m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition( other.m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition ),
-            m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens( other.m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens )
-        {
-            if( other.m_floatingArg.get() )
-                m_floatingArg.reset( new Arg( *other.m_floatingArg ) );
+            return "{** unexpected enum value **}"_sr;
         }
 
-        CommandLine& setThrowOnUnrecognisedTokens( bool shouldThrow = true ) {
-            m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens = shouldThrow;
-            return *this;
-        }
+        std::unique_ptr<EnumInfo> makeEnumInfo( StringRef enumName, StringRef allValueNames, std::vector<int> const& values ) {
+            std::unique_ptr<EnumInfo> enumInfo( new EnumInfo );
+            enumInfo->m_name = enumName;
+            enumInfo->m_values.reserve( values.size() );
 
-        OptBuilder operator[]( std::string const& optName ) {
-            m_options.push_back( Arg() );
-            addOptName( m_options.back(), optName );
-            OptBuilder builder( &m_options.back() );
-            return builder;
-        }
+            const auto valueNames = Catch::Detail::parseEnums( allValueNames );
+            assert( valueNames.size() == values.size() );
+            std::size_t i = 0;
+            for( auto value : values )
+                enumInfo->m_values.emplace_back(value, valueNames[i++]);
 
-        ArgBuilder operator[]( int position ) {
-            m_positionalArgs.insert( std::make_pair( position, Arg() ) );
-            if( position > m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition )
-                m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition = position;
-            setPositionalArg( m_positionalArgs[position], position );
-            ArgBuilder builder( &m_positionalArgs[position] );
-            return builder;
+            return enumInfo;
         }
 
-        // Invoke this with the _ instance
-        ArgBuilder operator[]( UnpositionalTag ) {
-            if( m_floatingArg.get() )
-                throw std::logic_error( "Only one unpositional argument can be added" );
-            m_floatingArg.reset( new Arg() );
-            ArgBuilder builder( m_floatingArg.get() );
-            return builder;
+        EnumInfo const& EnumValuesRegistry::registerEnum( StringRef enumName, StringRef allValueNames, std::vector<int> const& values ) {
+            m_enumInfos.push_back(makeEnumInfo(enumName, allValueNames, values));
+            return *m_enumInfos.back();
         }
 
-        template<typename C, typename M>
-        void bindProcessName( M C::* field ) {
-            m_boundProcessName = new Detail::BoundDataMember<C,M>( field );
-        }
-        template<typename C, typename M>
-        void bindProcessName( void (C::*_unaryMethod)( M ) ) {
-            m_boundProcessName = new Detail::BoundUnaryMethod<C,M>( _unaryMethod );
-        }
+    } // Detail
+} // Catch
 
-        void optUsage( std::ostream& os, std::size_t indent = 0, std::size_t width = Detail::consoleWidth ) const {
-            typename std::vector<Arg>::const_iterator itBegin = m_options.begin(), itEnd = m_options.end(), it;
-            std::size_t maxWidth = 0;
-            for( it = itBegin; it != itEnd; ++it )
-                maxWidth = (std::max)( maxWidth, it->commands().size() );
+// end catch_enum_values_registry.cpp
+// start catch_errno_guard.cpp
 
-            for( it = itBegin; it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                Detail::Text usage( it->commands(), Detail::TextAttributes()
-                                                        .setWidth( maxWidth+indent )
-                                                        .setIndent( indent ) );
-                Detail::Text desc( it->description, Detail::TextAttributes()
-                                                        .setWidth( width - maxWidth - 3 ) );
+#include <cerrno>
 
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < (std::max)( usage.size(), desc.size() ); ++i ) {
-                    std::string usageCol = i < usage.size() ? usage[i] : "";
-                    os << usageCol;
+namespace Catch {
+        ErrnoGuard::ErrnoGuard():m_oldErrno(errno){}
+        ErrnoGuard::~ErrnoGuard() { errno = m_oldErrno; }
+}
+// end catch_errno_guard.cpp
+// start catch_exception_translator_registry.cpp
 
-                    if( i < desc.size() && !desc[i].empty() )
-                        os  << std::string( indent + 2 + maxWidth - usageCol.size(), ' ' )
-                            << desc[i];
-                    os << "\n";
-                }
-            }
-        }
-        std::string optUsage() const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            optUsage( oss );
-            return oss.str();
-        }
-
-        void argSynopsis( std::ostream& os ) const {
-            for( int i = 1; i <= m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition; ++i ) {
-                if( i > 1 )
-                    os << " ";
-                typename std::map<int, Arg>::const_iterator it = m_positionalArgs.find( i );
-                if( it != m_positionalArgs.end() )
-                    os << "<" << it->second.placeholder << ">";
-                else if( m_floatingArg.get() )
-                    os << "<" << m_floatingArg->placeholder << ">";
-                else
-                    throw std::logic_error( "non consecutive positional arguments with no floating args" );
-            }
-            // !TBD No indication of mandatory args
-            if( m_floatingArg.get() ) {
-                if( m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition > 1 )
-                    os << " ";
-                os << "[<" << m_floatingArg->placeholder << "> ...]";
-            }
-        }
-        std::string argSynopsis() const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            argSynopsis( oss );
-            return oss.str();
-        }
+// start catch_exception_translator_registry.h
 
-        void usage( std::ostream& os, std::string const& procName ) const {
-            validate();
-            os << "usage:\n  " << procName << " ";
-            argSynopsis( os );
-            if( !m_options.empty() ) {
-                os << " [options]\n\nwhere options are: \n";
-                optUsage( os, 2 );
-            }
-            os << "\n";
-        }
-        std::string usage( std::string const& procName ) const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            usage( oss, procName );
-            return oss.str();
-        }
-
-        ConfigT parse( std::vector<std::string> const& args ) const {
-            ConfigT config;
-            parseInto( args, config );
-            return config;
-        }
-
-        std::vector<Parser::Token> parseInto( std::vector<std::string> const& args, ConfigT& config ) const {
-            std::string processName = args.empty() ? std::string() : args[0];
-            std::size_t lastSlash = processName.find_last_of( "/\\" );
-            if( lastSlash != std::string::npos )
-                processName = processName.substr( lastSlash+1 );
-            m_boundProcessName.set( config, processName );
-            std::vector<Parser::Token> tokens;
-            Parser parser;
-            parser.parseIntoTokens( args, tokens );
-            return populate( tokens, config );
-        }
-
-        std::vector<Parser::Token> populate( std::vector<Parser::Token> const& tokens, ConfigT& config ) const {
-            validate();
-            std::vector<Parser::Token> unusedTokens = populateOptions( tokens, config );
-            unusedTokens = populateFixedArgs( unusedTokens, config );
-            unusedTokens = populateFloatingArgs( unusedTokens, config );
-            return unusedTokens;
-        }
-
-        std::vector<Parser::Token> populateOptions( std::vector<Parser::Token> const& tokens, ConfigT& config ) const {
-            std::vector<Parser::Token> unusedTokens;
-            std::vector<std::string> errors;
-            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < tokens.size(); ++i ) {
-                Parser::Token const& token = tokens[i];
-                typename std::vector<Arg>::const_iterator it = m_options.begin(), itEnd = m_options.end();
-                for(; it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                    Arg const& arg = *it;
-
-                    try {
-                        if( ( token.type == Parser::Token::ShortOpt && arg.hasShortName( token.data ) ) ||
-                            ( token.type == Parser::Token::LongOpt && arg.hasLongName( token.data ) ) ) {
-                            if( arg.takesArg() ) {
-                                if( i == tokens.size()-1 || tokens[i+1].type != Parser::Token::Positional )
-                                    errors.push_back( "Expected argument to option: " + token.data );
-                                else
-                                    arg.boundField.set( config, tokens[++i].data );
-                            }
-                            else {
-                                arg.boundField.set( config, "true" );
-                            }
-                            break;
-                        }
-                    }
-                    catch( std::exception& ex ) {
-                        errors.push_back( std::string( ex.what() ) + "\n- while parsing: (" + arg.commands() + ")" );
-                    }
-                }
-                if( it == itEnd ) {
-                    if( token.type == Parser::Token::Positional || !m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens )
-                        unusedTokens.push_back( token );
-                    else if( errors.empty() && m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens )
-                        errors.push_back( "unrecognised option: " + token.data );
-                }
-            }
-            if( !errors.empty() ) {
-                std::ostringstream oss;
-                for( std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator it = errors.begin(), itEnd = errors.end();
-                        it != itEnd;
-                        ++it ) {
-                    if( it != errors.begin() )
-                        oss << "\n";
-                    oss << *it;
-                }
-                throw std::runtime_error( oss.str() );
-            }
-            return unusedTokens;
-        }
-        std::vector<Parser::Token> populateFixedArgs( std::vector<Parser::Token> const& tokens, ConfigT& config ) const {
-            std::vector<Parser::Token> unusedTokens;
-            int position = 1;
-            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < tokens.size(); ++i ) {
-                Parser::Token const& token = tokens[i];
-                typename std::map<int, Arg>::const_iterator it = m_positionalArgs.find( position );
-                if( it != m_positionalArgs.end() )
-                    it->second.boundField.set( config, token.data );
-                else
-                    unusedTokens.push_back( token );
-                if( token.type == Parser::Token::Positional )
-                    position++;
-            }
-            return unusedTokens;
-        }
-        std::vector<Parser::Token> populateFloatingArgs( std::vector<Parser::Token> const& tokens, ConfigT& config ) const {
-            if( !m_floatingArg.get() )
-                return tokens;
-            std::vector<Parser::Token> unusedTokens;
-            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < tokens.size(); ++i ) {
-                Parser::Token const& token = tokens[i];
-                if( token.type == Parser::Token::Positional )
-                    m_floatingArg->boundField.set( config, token.data );
-                else
-                    unusedTokens.push_back( token );
-            }
-            return unusedTokens;
-        }
+#include <vector>
+#include <string>
+#include <memory>
 
-        void validate() const
-        {
-            if( m_options.empty() && m_positionalArgs.empty() && !m_floatingArg.get() )
-                throw std::logic_error( "No options or arguments specified" );
+namespace Catch {
 
-            for( typename std::vector<Arg>::const_iterator  it = m_options.begin(),
-                                                            itEnd = m_options.end();
-                    it != itEnd; ++it )
-                it->validate();
-        }
+    class ExceptionTranslatorRegistry : public IExceptionTranslatorRegistry {
+    public:
+        ~ExceptionTranslatorRegistry();
+        virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator );
+        std::string translateActiveException() const override;
+        std::string tryTranslators() const;
 
     private:
-        Detail::BoundArgFunction<ConfigT> m_boundProcessName;
-        std::vector<Arg> m_options;
-        std::map<int, Arg> m_positionalArgs;
-        ArgAutoPtr m_floatingArg;
-        int m_highestSpecifiedArgPosition;
-        bool m_throwOnUnrecognisedTokens;
+        std::vector<std::unique_ptr<IExceptionTranslator const>> m_translators;
     };
+}
 
-} // end namespace Clara
-
-STITCH_CLARA_CLOSE_NAMESPACE
-#undef STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-#undef STITCH_CLARA_CLOSE_NAMESPACE
-
-#endif // TWOBLUECUBES_CLARA_H_INCLUDED
-#undef STITCH_CLARA_OPEN_NAMESPACE
-
-// Restore Clara's value for console width, if present
-#ifdef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-#define CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-#undef CATCH_TEMP_CLARA_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+// end catch_exception_translator_registry.h
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+#import "Foundation/Foundation.h"
 #endif
 
-#include <fstream>
-#include <ctime>
-
 namespace Catch {
 
-    inline void abortAfterFirst( ConfigData& config ) { config.abortAfter = 1; }
-    inline void abortAfterX( ConfigData& config, int x ) {
-        if( x < 1 )
-            throw std::runtime_error( "Value after -x or --abortAfter must be greater than zero" );
-        config.abortAfter = x;
+    ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::~ExceptionTranslatorRegistry() {
     }
-    inline void addTestOrTags( ConfigData& config, std::string const& _testSpec ) { config.testsOrTags.push_back( _testSpec ); }
-    inline void addSectionToRun( ConfigData& config, std::string const& sectionName ) { config.sectionsToRun.push_back( sectionName ); }
-    inline void addReporterName( ConfigData& config, std::string const& _reporterName ) { config.reporterNames.push_back( _reporterName ); }
 
-    inline void addWarning( ConfigData& config, std::string const& _warning ) {
-        if( _warning == "NoAssertions" )
-            config.warnings = static_cast<WarnAbout::What>( config.warnings | WarnAbout::NoAssertions );
-        else
-            throw std::runtime_error( "Unrecognised warning: '" + _warning + '\'' );
-    }
-    inline void setOrder( ConfigData& config, std::string const& order ) {
-        if( startsWith( "declared", order ) )
-            config.runOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
-        else if( startsWith( "lexical", order ) )
-            config.runOrder = RunTests::InLexicographicalOrder;
-        else if( startsWith( "random", order ) )
-            config.runOrder = RunTests::InRandomOrder;
-        else
-            throw std::runtime_error( "Unrecognised ordering: '" + order + '\'' );
+    void ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) {
+        m_translators.push_back( std::unique_ptr<const IExceptionTranslator>( translator ) );
     }
-    inline void setRngSeed( ConfigData& config, std::string const& seed ) {
-        if( seed == "time" ) {
-            config.rngSeed = static_cast<unsigned int>( std::time(0) );
+
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::translateActiveException() const {
+        try {
+#ifdef __OBJC__
+            // In Objective-C try objective-c exceptions first
+            @try {
+                return tryTranslators();
+            }
+            @catch (NSException *exception) {
+                return Catch::Detail::stringify( [exception description] );
+            }
+#else
+            // Compiling a mixed mode project with MSVC means that CLR
+            // exceptions will be caught in (...) as well. However, these
+            // do not fill-in std::current_exception and thus lead to crash
+            // when attempting rethrow.
+            // /EHa switch also causes structured exceptions to be caught
+            // here, but they fill-in current_exception properly, so
+            // at worst the output should be a little weird, instead of
+            // causing a crash.
+            if (std::current_exception() == nullptr) {
+                return "Non C++ exception. Possibly a CLR exception.";
+            }
+            return tryTranslators();
+#endif
+        }
+        catch( TestFailureException& ) {
+            std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+        }
+        catch( std::exception& ex ) {
+            return ex.what();
+        }
+        catch( std::string& msg ) {
+            return msg;
+        }
+        catch( const char* msg ) {
+            return msg;
+        }
+        catch(...) {
+            return "Unknown exception";
         }
-        else {
-            std::stringstream ss;
-            ss << seed;
-            ss >> config.rngSeed;
-            if( ss.fail() )
-                throw std::runtime_error( "Argument to --rng-seed should be the word 'time' or a number" );
-        }
-    }
-    inline void setVerbosity( ConfigData& config, int level ) {
-        // !TBD: accept strings?
-        config.verbosity = static_cast<Verbosity::Level>( level );
-    }
-    inline void setShowDurations( ConfigData& config, bool _showDurations ) {
-        config.showDurations = _showDurations
-            ? ShowDurations::Always
-            : ShowDurations::Never;
-    }
-    inline void setUseColour( ConfigData& config, std::string const& value ) {
-        std::string mode = toLower( value );
-
-        if( mode == "yes" )
-            config.useColour = UseColour::Yes;
-        else if( mode == "no" )
-            config.useColour = UseColour::No;
-        else if( mode == "auto" )
-            config.useColour = UseColour::Auto;
-        else
-            throw std::runtime_error( "colour mode must be one of: auto, yes or no" );
-    }
-    inline void setWaitForKeypress( ConfigData& config, std::string const& keypress ) {
-        std::string keypressLc = toLower( keypress );
-        if( keypressLc == "start" )
-            config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStart;
-        else if( keypressLc == "exit" )
-            config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeExit;
-        else if( keypressLc == "both" )
-            config.waitForKeypress = WaitForKeypress::BeforeStartAndExit;
-        else
-            throw std::runtime_error( "keypress argument must be one of: start, exit or both. '" + keypress + "' not recognised" );
-    };
-
-    inline void forceColour( ConfigData& config ) {
-        config.useColour = UseColour::Yes;
     }
-    inline void loadTestNamesFromFile( ConfigData& config, std::string const& _filename ) {
-        std::ifstream f( _filename.c_str() );
-        if( !f.is_open() )
-            throw std::domain_error( "Unable to load input file: " + _filename );
 
-        std::string line;
-        while( std::getline( f, line ) ) {
-            line = trim(line);
-            if( !line.empty() && !startsWith( line, '#' ) ) {
-                if( !startsWith( line, '"' ) )
-                    line = '"' + line + '"';
-                addTestOrTags( config, line + ',' );
-            }
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::tryTranslators() const {
+        if (m_translators.empty()) {
+            std::rethrow_exception(std::current_exception());
+        } else {
+            return m_translators[0]->translate(m_translators.begin() + 1, m_translators.end());
         }
     }
 
-    inline Clara::CommandLine<ConfigData> makeCommandLineParser() {
-
-        using namespace Clara;
-        CommandLine<ConfigData> cli;
-
-        cli.bindProcessName( &ConfigData::processName );
-
-        cli["-?"]["-h"]["--help"]
-            .describe( "display usage information" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::showHelp );
-
-        cli["-l"]["--list-tests"]
-            .describe( "list all/matching test cases" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::listTests );
-
-        cli["-t"]["--list-tags"]
-            .describe( "list all/matching tags" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::listTags );
-
-        cli["-s"]["--success"]
-            .describe( "include successful tests in output" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::showSuccessfulTests );
-
-        cli["-b"]["--break"]
-            .describe( "break into debugger on failure" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::shouldDebugBreak );
+#else // ^^ Exceptions are enabled // Exceptions are disabled vv
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::translateActiveException() const {
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Attempted to translate active exception under CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS!");
+    }
 
-        cli["-e"]["--nothrow"]
-            .describe( "skip exception tests" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::noThrow );
+    std::string ExceptionTranslatorRegistry::tryTranslators() const {
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Attempted to use exception translators under CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS!");
+    }
+#endif
 
-        cli["-i"]["--invisibles"]
-            .describe( "show invisibles (tabs, newlines)" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::showInvisibles );
+}
+// end catch_exception_translator_registry.cpp
+// start catch_fatal_condition.cpp
 
-        cli["-o"]["--out"]
-            .describe( "output filename" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::outputFilename, "filename" );
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic push
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic ignored "-Wmissing-field-initializers"
+#endif
 
-        cli["-r"]["--reporter"]
-//            .placeholder( "name[:filename]" )
-            .describe( "reporter to use (defaults to console)" )
-            .bind( &addReporterName, "name" );
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH ) || defined( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
 
-        cli["-n"]["--name"]
-            .describe( "suite name" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::name, "name" );
+namespace {
+    // Report the error condition
+    void reportFatal( char const * const message ) {
+        Catch::getCurrentContext().getResultCapture()->handleFatalErrorCondition( message );
+    }
+}
 
-        cli["-a"]["--abort"]
-            .describe( "abort at first failure" )
-            .bind( &abortAfterFirst );
+#endif // signals/SEH handling
 
-        cli["-x"]["--abortx"]
-            .describe( "abort after x failures" )
-            .bind( &abortAfterX, "no. failures" );
+#if defined( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH )
 
-        cli["-w"]["--warn"]
-            .describe( "enable warnings" )
-            .bind( &addWarning, "warning name" );
+namespace Catch {
+    struct SignalDefs { DWORD id; const char* name; };
 
-// - needs updating if reinstated
-//        cli.into( &setVerbosity )
-//            .describe( "level of verbosity (0=no output)" )
-//            .shortOpt( "v")
-//            .longOpt( "verbosity" )
-//            .placeholder( "level" );
+    // There is no 1-1 mapping between signals and windows exceptions.
+    // Windows can easily distinguish between SO and SigSegV,
+    // but SigInt, SigTerm, etc are handled differently.
+    static SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
+        { static_cast<DWORD>(EXCEPTION_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION),  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
+        { static_cast<DWORD>(EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW), "SIGSEGV - Stack overflow" },
+        { static_cast<DWORD>(EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION), "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
+        { static_cast<DWORD>(EXCEPTION_INT_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO), "Divide by zero error" },
+    };
 
-        cli[_]
-            .describe( "which test or tests to use" )
-            .bind( &addTestOrTags, "test name, pattern or tags" );
+    LONG CALLBACK FatalConditionHandler::handleVectoredException(PEXCEPTION_POINTERS ExceptionInfo) {
+        for (auto const& def : signalDefs) {
+            if (ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode == def.id) {
+                reportFatal(def.name);
+            }
+        }
+        // If its not an exception we care about, pass it along.
+        // This stops us from eating debugger breaks etc.
+        return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
+    }
 
-        cli["-d"]["--durations"]
-            .describe( "show test durations" )
-            .bind( &setShowDurations, "yes|no" );
+    FatalConditionHandler::FatalConditionHandler() {
+        isSet = true;
+        // 32k seems enough for Catch to handle stack overflow,
+        // but the value was found experimentally, so there is no strong guarantee
+        guaranteeSize = 32 * 1024;
+        exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
+        // Register as first handler in current chain
+        exceptionHandlerHandle = AddVectoredExceptionHandler(1, handleVectoredException);
+        // Pass in guarantee size to be filled
+        SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
+    }
 
-        cli["-f"]["--input-file"]
-            .describe( "load test names to run from a file" )
-            .bind( &loadTestNamesFromFile, "filename" );
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {
+        if (isSet) {
+            RemoveVectoredExceptionHandler(exceptionHandlerHandle);
+            SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
+            exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
+            isSet = false;
+        }
+    }
 
-        cli["-#"]["--filenames-as-tags"]
-            .describe( "adds a tag for the filename" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::filenamesAsTags );
+    FatalConditionHandler::~FatalConditionHandler() {
+        reset();
+    }
 
-        cli["-c"]["--section"]
-                .describe( "specify section to run" )
-                .bind( &addSectionToRun, "section name" );
+bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
+ULONG FatalConditionHandler::guaranteeSize = 0;
+PVOID FatalConditionHandler::exceptionHandlerHandle = nullptr;
 
-        // Less common commands which don't have a short form
-        cli["--list-test-names-only"]
-            .describe( "list all/matching test cases names only" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::listTestNamesOnly );
+} // namespace Catch
 
-        cli["--list-extra-info"]
-            .describe( "list all/matching test cases with more info" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::listExtraInfo );
+#elif defined( CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS )
 
-        cli["--list-reporters"]
-            .describe( "list all reporters" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::listReporters );
+namespace Catch {
 
-        cli["--order"]
-            .describe( "test case order (defaults to decl)" )
-            .bind( &setOrder, "decl|lex|rand" );
+    struct SignalDefs {
+        int id;
+        const char* name;
+    };
 
-        cli["--rng-seed"]
-            .describe( "set a specific seed for random numbers" )
-            .bind( &setRngSeed, "'time'|number" );
-
-        cli["--force-colour"]
-            .describe( "force colourised output (deprecated)" )
-            .bind( &forceColour );
-
-        cli["--use-colour"]
-            .describe( "should output be colourised" )
-            .bind( &setUseColour, "yes|no" );
-
-        cli["--libidentify"]
-            .describe( "report name and version according to libidentify standard" )
-            .bind( &ConfigData::libIdentify );
-
-        cli["--wait-for-keypress"]
-                .describe( "waits for a keypress before exiting" )
-                .bind( &setWaitForKeypress, "start|exit|both" );
+    // 32kb for the alternate stack seems to be sufficient. However, this value
+    // is experimentally determined, so that's not guaranteed.
+    static constexpr std::size_t sigStackSize = 32768 >= MINSIGSTKSZ ? 32768 : MINSIGSTKSZ;
+
+    static SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
+        { SIGINT,  "SIGINT - Terminal interrupt signal" },
+        { SIGILL,  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
+        { SIGFPE,  "SIGFPE - Floating point error signal" },
+        { SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
+        { SIGTERM, "SIGTERM - Termination request signal" },
+        { SIGABRT, "SIGABRT - Abort (abnormal termination) signal" }
+    };
 
-        return cli;
+    void FatalConditionHandler::handleSignal( int sig ) {
+        char const * name = "<unknown signal>";
+        for (auto const& def : signalDefs) {
+            if (sig == def.id) {
+                name = def.name;
+                break;
+            }
+        }
+        reset();
+        reportFatal(name);
+        raise( sig );
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: internal/catch_list.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_LIST_HPP_INCLUDED
+    FatalConditionHandler::FatalConditionHandler() {
+        isSet = true;
+        stack_t sigStack;
+        sigStack.ss_sp = altStackMem;
+        sigStack.ss_size = sigStackSize;
+        sigStack.ss_flags = 0;
+        sigaltstack(&sigStack, &oldSigStack);
+        struct sigaction sa = { };
 
-// #included from: catch_text.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEXT_H_INCLUDED
+        sa.sa_handler = handleSignal;
+        sa.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK;
+        for (std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i) {
+            sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &sa, &oldSigActions[i]);
+        }
+    }
 
-#define TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_CONSOLE_WIDTH CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH
+    FatalConditionHandler::~FatalConditionHandler() {
+        reset();
+    }
 
-#define CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE Catch
-// #included from: ../external/tbc_text_format.h
-// Only use header guard if we are not using an outer namespace
-#ifndef CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-# ifdef TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_INCLUDED
-#  ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_ALREADY_INCLUDED
-#   define TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_ALREADY_INCLUDED
-#  endif
-# else
-#  define TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_INCLUDED
-# endif
-#endif
-#ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_ALREADY_INCLUDED
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
-#include <sstream>
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {
+        if( isSet ) {
+            // Set signals back to previous values -- hopefully nobody overwrote them in the meantime
+            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i ) {
+                sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &oldSigActions[i], nullptr);
+            }
+            // Return the old stack
+            sigaltstack(&oldSigStack, nullptr);
+            isSet = false;
+        }
+    }
 
-// Use optional outer namespace
-#ifdef CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-namespace CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE {
-#endif
+    bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
+    struct sigaction FatalConditionHandler::oldSigActions[sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs)] = {};
+    stack_t FatalConditionHandler::oldSigStack = {};
+    char FatalConditionHandler::altStackMem[sigStackSize] = {};
 
-namespace Tbc {
+} // namespace Catch
 
-#ifdef TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_CONSOLE_WIDTH
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_CONSOLE_WIDTH;
 #else
-    const unsigned int consoleWidth = 80;
-#endif
-
-    struct TextAttributes {
-        TextAttributes()
-        :   initialIndent( std::string::npos ),
-            indent( 0 ),
-            width( consoleWidth-1 )
-        {}
-
-        TextAttributes& setInitialIndent( std::size_t _value )  { initialIndent = _value; return *this; }
-        TextAttributes& setIndent( std::size_t _value )         { indent = _value; return *this; }
-        TextAttributes& setWidth( std::size_t _value )          { width = _value; return *this; }
 
-        std::size_t initialIndent;  // indent of first line, or npos
-        std::size_t indent;         // indent of subsequent lines, or all if initialIndent is npos
-        std::size_t width;          // maximum width of text, including indent. Longer text will wrap
-    };
-
-    class Text {
-    public:
-        Text( std::string const& _str, TextAttributes const& _attr = TextAttributes() )
-        : attr( _attr )
-        {
-            const std::string wrappableBeforeChars = "[({<\t";
-            const std::string wrappableAfterChars = "])}>-,./|\\";
-            const std::string wrappableInsteadOfChars = " \n\r";
-            std::string indent = _attr.initialIndent != std::string::npos
-                ? std::string( _attr.initialIndent, ' ' )
-                : std::string( _attr.indent, ' ' );
-
-            typedef std::string::const_iterator iterator;
-            iterator it = _str.begin();
-            const iterator strEnd = _str.end();
-
-            while( it != strEnd ) {
-
-                if( lines.size() >= 1000 ) {
-                    lines.push_back( "... message truncated due to excessive size" );
-                    return;
-                }
+namespace Catch {
+    void FatalConditionHandler::reset() {}
+}
 
-                std::string suffix;
-                std::size_t width = (std::min)( static_cast<size_t>( strEnd-it ), _attr.width-static_cast<size_t>( indent.size() ) );
-                iterator itEnd = it+width;
-                iterator itNext = _str.end();
-
-                iterator itNewLine = std::find( it, itEnd, '\n' );
-                if( itNewLine != itEnd )
-                    itEnd = itNewLine;
-
-                if( itEnd != strEnd  ) {
-                    bool foundWrapPoint = false;
-                    iterator findIt = itEnd;
-                    do {
-                        if( wrappableAfterChars.find( *findIt ) != std::string::npos && findIt != itEnd ) {
-                            itEnd = findIt+1;
-                            itNext = findIt+1;
-                            foundWrapPoint = true;
-                        }
-                        else if( findIt > it && wrappableBeforeChars.find( *findIt ) != std::string::npos ) {
-                            itEnd = findIt;
-                            itNext = findIt;
-                            foundWrapPoint = true;
-                        }
-                        else if( wrappableInsteadOfChars.find( *findIt ) != std::string::npos ) {
-                            itNext = findIt+1;
-                            itEnd = findIt;
-                            foundWrapPoint = true;
-                        }
-                        if( findIt == it )
-                            break;
-                        else
-                            --findIt;
-                    }
-                    while( !foundWrapPoint );
+#endif // signals/SEH handling
 
-                    if( !foundWrapPoint ) {
-                        // No good wrap char, so we'll break mid word and add a hyphen
-                        --itEnd;
-                        itNext = itEnd;
-                        suffix = "-";
-                    }
-                    else {
-                        while( itEnd > it && wrappableInsteadOfChars.find( *(itEnd-1) ) != std::string::npos )
-                            --itEnd;
-                    }
-                }
-                lines.push_back( indent + std::string( it, itEnd ) + suffix );
+#if defined(__GNUC__)
+#    pragma GCC diagnostic pop
+#endif
+// end catch_fatal_condition.cpp
+// start catch_generators.cpp
 
-                if( indent.size() != _attr.indent )
-                    indent = std::string( _attr.indent, ' ' );
-                it = itNext;
-            }
-        }
+#include <limits>
+#include <set>
 
-        typedef std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator const_iterator;
+namespace Catch {
 
-        const_iterator begin() const { return lines.begin(); }
-        const_iterator end() const { return lines.end(); }
-        std::string const& last() const { return lines.back(); }
-        std::size_t size() const { return lines.size(); }
-        std::string const& operator[]( std::size_t _index ) const { return lines[_index]; }
-        std::string toString() const {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << *this;
-            return oss.str();
-        }
+IGeneratorTracker::~IGeneratorTracker() {}
 
-        inline friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& _stream, Text const& _text ) {
-            for( Text::const_iterator it = _text.begin(), itEnd = _text.end();
-                it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                if( it != _text.begin() )
-                    _stream << "\n";
-                _stream << *it;
-            }
-            return _stream;
-        }
+const char* GeneratorException::what() const noexcept {
+    return m_msg;
+}
 
-    private:
-        std::string str;
-        TextAttributes attr;
-        std::vector<std::string> lines;
-    };
+namespace Generators {
 
-} // end namespace Tbc
+    GeneratorUntypedBase::~GeneratorUntypedBase() {}
 
-#ifdef CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
-} // end outer namespace
-#endif
+    auto acquireGeneratorTracker( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& {
+        return getResultCapture().acquireGeneratorTracker( generatorName, lineInfo );
+    }
 
-#endif // TWOBLUECUBES_TEXT_FORMAT_H_ALREADY_INCLUDED
-#undef CLICHE_TBC_TEXT_FORMAT_OUTER_NAMESPACE
+} // namespace Generators
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_generators.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_capture.cpp
 
 namespace Catch {
-    using Tbc::Text;
-    using Tbc::TextAttributes;
+    IResultCapture::~IResultCapture() = default;
 }
+// end catch_interfaces_capture.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_config.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_console_colour.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CONSOLE_COLOUR_HPP_INCLUDED
+namespace Catch {
+    IConfig::~IConfig() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_config.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_exception.cpp
 
 namespace Catch {
+    IExceptionTranslator::~IExceptionTranslator() = default;
+    IExceptionTranslatorRegistry::~IExceptionTranslatorRegistry() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_exception.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_registry_hub.cpp
 
-    struct Colour {
-        enum Code {
-            None = 0,
+namespace Catch {
+    IRegistryHub::~IRegistryHub() = default;
+    IMutableRegistryHub::~IMutableRegistryHub() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_registry_hub.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_reporter.cpp
 
-            White,
-            Red,
-            Green,
-            Blue,
-            Cyan,
-            Yellow,
-            Grey,
+// start catch_reporter_listening.h
 
-            Bright = 0x10,
+namespace Catch {
 
-            BrightRed = Bright | Red,
-            BrightGreen = Bright | Green,
-            LightGrey = Bright | Grey,
-            BrightWhite = Bright | White,
+    class ListeningReporter : public IStreamingReporter {
+        using Reporters = std::vector<IStreamingReporterPtr>;
+        Reporters m_listeners;
+        IStreamingReporterPtr m_reporter = nullptr;
+        ReporterPreferences m_preferences;
 
-            // By intention
-            FileName = LightGrey,
-            Warning = Yellow,
-            ResultError = BrightRed,
-            ResultSuccess = BrightGreen,
-            ResultExpectedFailure = Warning,
+    public:
+        ListeningReporter();
 
-            Error = BrightRed,
-            Success = Green,
+        void addListener( IStreamingReporterPtr&& listener );
+        void addReporter( IStreamingReporterPtr&& reporter );
 
-            OriginalExpression = Cyan,
-            ReconstructedExpression = Yellow,
+    public: // IStreamingReporter
 
-            SecondaryText = LightGrey,
-            Headers = White
-        };
+        ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const override;
 
-        // Use constructed object for RAII guard
-        Colour( Code _colourCode );
-        Colour( Colour const& other );
-        ~Colour();
+        void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) override;
 
-        // Use static method for one-shot changes
-        static void use( Code _colourCode );
+        void reportInvalidArguments(std::string const&arg) override;
 
-    private:
-        bool m_moved;
-    };
+        static std::set<Verbosity> getSupportedVerbosities();
 
-    inline std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Colour const& ) { return os; }
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+        void benchmarkPreparing(std::string const& name) override;
+        void benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& benchmarkInfo ) override;
+        void benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats<> const& benchmarkStats ) override;
+        void benchmarkFailed(std::string const&) override;
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+        void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) override;
+        void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) override;
+        void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) override;
+        void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) override;
+        void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) override;
 
-// #included from: catch_interfaces_reporter.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_INTERFACES_REPORTER_H_INCLUDED
+        // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
+        bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) override;
+        void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) override;
+        void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) override;
+        void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) override;
+        void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) override;
 
-#include <string>
-#include <ostream>
-#include <map>
+        void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) override;
+        bool isMulti() const override;
 
-namespace Catch
-{
-    struct ReporterConfig {
-        explicit ReporterConfig( Ptr<IConfig const> const& _fullConfig )
-        :   m_stream( &_fullConfig->stream() ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
+    };
 
-        ReporterConfig( Ptr<IConfig const> const& _fullConfig, std::ostream& _stream )
-        :   m_stream( &_stream ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-        std::ostream& stream() const    { return *m_stream; }
-        Ptr<IConfig const> fullConfig() const { return m_fullConfig; }
+// end catch_reporter_listening.h
+namespace Catch {
 
-    private:
-        std::ostream* m_stream;
-        Ptr<IConfig const> m_fullConfig;
-    };
+    ReporterConfig::ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig )
+    :   m_stream( &_fullConfig->stream() ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
 
-    struct ReporterPreferences {
-        ReporterPreferences()
-        : shouldRedirectStdOut( false )
-        {}
+    ReporterConfig::ReporterConfig( IConfigPtr const& _fullConfig, std::ostream& _stream )
+    :   m_stream( &_stream ), m_fullConfig( _fullConfig ) {}
 
-        bool shouldRedirectStdOut;
-    };
+    std::ostream& ReporterConfig::stream() const { return *m_stream; }
+    IConfigPtr ReporterConfig::fullConfig() const { return m_fullConfig; }
 
-    template<typename T>
-    struct LazyStat : Option<T> {
-        LazyStat() : used( false ) {}
-        LazyStat& operator=( T const& _value ) {
-            Option<T>::operator=( _value );
-            used = false;
-            return *this;
-        }
-        void reset() {
-            Option<T>::reset();
-            used = false;
-        }
-        bool used;
-    };
+    TestRunInfo::TestRunInfo( std::string const& _name ) : name( _name ) {}
 
-    struct TestRunInfo {
-        TestRunInfo( std::string const& _name ) : name( _name ) {}
-        std::string name;
-    };
-    struct GroupInfo {
-        GroupInfo(  std::string const& _name,
-                    std::size_t _groupIndex,
-                    std::size_t _groupsCount )
-        :   name( _name ),
-            groupIndex( _groupIndex ),
-            groupsCounts( _groupsCount )
-        {}
+    GroupInfo::GroupInfo(  std::string const& _name,
+                           std::size_t _groupIndex,
+                           std::size_t _groupsCount )
+    :   name( _name ),
+        groupIndex( _groupIndex ),
+        groupsCounts( _groupsCount )
+    {}
 
-        std::string name;
-        std::size_t groupIndex;
-        std::size_t groupsCounts;
-    };
+     AssertionStats::AssertionStats( AssertionResult const& _assertionResult,
+                                     std::vector<MessageInfo> const& _infoMessages,
+                                     Totals const& _totals )
+    :   assertionResult( _assertionResult ),
+        infoMessages( _infoMessages ),
+        totals( _totals )
+    {
+        assertionResult.m_resultData.lazyExpression.m_transientExpression = _assertionResult.m_resultData.lazyExpression.m_transientExpression;
 
-    struct AssertionStats {
-        AssertionStats( AssertionResult const& _assertionResult,
-                        std::vector<MessageInfo> const& _infoMessages,
-                        Totals const& _totals )
-        :   assertionResult( _assertionResult ),
-            infoMessages( _infoMessages ),
-            totals( _totals )
-        {
-            if( assertionResult.hasMessage() ) {
-                // Copy message into messages list.
-                // !TBD This should have been done earlier, somewhere
-                MessageBuilder builder( assertionResult.getTestMacroName(), assertionResult.getSourceInfo(), assertionResult.getResultType() );
-                builder << assertionResult.getMessage();
-                builder.m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
+        if( assertionResult.hasMessage() ) {
+            // Copy message into messages list.
+            // !TBD This should have been done earlier, somewhere
+            MessageBuilder builder( assertionResult.getTestMacroName(), assertionResult.getSourceInfo(), assertionResult.getResultType() );
+            builder << assertionResult.getMessage();
+            builder.m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
 
-                infoMessages.push_back( builder.m_info );
-            }
+            infoMessages.push_back( builder.m_info );
         }
-        virtual ~AssertionStats();
+    }
 
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        AssertionStats( AssertionStats const& )              = default;
-        AssertionStats( AssertionStats && )                  = default;
-        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats const& ) = default;
-        AssertionStats& operator = ( AssertionStats && )     = default;
-#  endif
+     AssertionStats::~AssertionStats() = default;
 
-        AssertionResult assertionResult;
-        std::vector<MessageInfo> infoMessages;
-        Totals totals;
-    };
+    SectionStats::SectionStats(  SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo,
+                                 Counts const& _assertions,
+                                 double _durationInSeconds,
+                                 bool _missingAssertions )
+    :   sectionInfo( _sectionInfo ),
+        assertions( _assertions ),
+        durationInSeconds( _durationInSeconds ),
+        missingAssertions( _missingAssertions )
+    {}
 
-    struct SectionStats {
-        SectionStats(   SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo,
-                        Counts const& _assertions,
-                        double _durationInSeconds,
-                        bool _missingAssertions )
-        :   sectionInfo( _sectionInfo ),
-            assertions( _assertions ),
-            durationInSeconds( _durationInSeconds ),
-            missingAssertions( _missingAssertions )
-        {}
-        virtual ~SectionStats();
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        SectionStats( SectionStats const& )              = default;
-        SectionStats( SectionStats && )                  = default;
-        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats const& ) = default;
-        SectionStats& operator = ( SectionStats && )     = default;
-#  endif
+    SectionStats::~SectionStats() = default;
+
+    TestCaseStats::TestCaseStats(  TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo,
+                                   Totals const& _totals,
+                                   std::string const& _stdOut,
+                                   std::string const& _stdErr,
+                                   bool _aborting )
+    : testInfo( _testInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        stdOut( _stdOut ),
+        stdErr( _stdErr ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
 
-        SectionInfo sectionInfo;
-        Counts assertions;
-        double durationInSeconds;
-        bool missingAssertions;
-    };
+    TestCaseStats::~TestCaseStats() = default;
 
-    struct TestCaseStats {
-        TestCaseStats(  TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo,
-                        Totals const& _totals,
-                        std::string const& _stdOut,
-                        std::string const& _stdErr,
-                        bool _aborting )
-        : testInfo( _testInfo ),
-            totals( _totals ),
-            stdOut( _stdOut ),
-            stdErr( _stdErr ),
-            aborting( _aborting )
-        {}
-        virtual ~TestCaseStats();
+    TestGroupStats::TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo,
+                                    Totals const& _totals,
+                                    bool _aborting )
+    :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
 
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats const& )              = default;
-        TestCaseStats( TestCaseStats && )                  = default;
-        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats const& ) = default;
-        TestCaseStats& operator = ( TestCaseStats && )     = default;
-#  endif
+    TestGroupStats::TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo )
+    :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
+        aborting( false )
+    {}
 
-        TestCaseInfo testInfo;
-        Totals totals;
-        std::string stdOut;
-        std::string stdErr;
-        bool aborting;
-    };
+    TestGroupStats::~TestGroupStats() = default;
 
-    struct TestGroupStats {
-        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo,
-                        Totals const& _totals,
-                        bool _aborting )
-        :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
-            totals( _totals ),
-            aborting( _aborting )
-        {}
-        TestGroupStats( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo )
-        :   groupInfo( _groupInfo ),
-            aborting( false )
-        {}
-        virtual ~TestGroupStats();
+    TestRunStats::TestRunStats(   TestRunInfo const& _runInfo,
+                    Totals const& _totals,
+                    bool _aborting )
+    :   runInfo( _runInfo ),
+        totals( _totals ),
+        aborting( _aborting )
+    {}
 
-#  ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats const& )              = default;
-        TestGroupStats( TestGroupStats && )                  = default;
-        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats const& ) = default;
-        TestGroupStats& operator = ( TestGroupStats && )     = default;
-#  endif
+    TestRunStats::~TestRunStats() = default;
 
-        GroupInfo groupInfo;
-        Totals totals;
-        bool aborting;
-    };
+    void IStreamingReporter::fatalErrorEncountered( StringRef ) {}
+    bool IStreamingReporter::isMulti() const { return false; }
 
-    struct TestRunStats {
-        TestRunStats(   TestRunInfo const& _runInfo,
-                        Totals const& _totals,
-                        bool _aborting )
-        :   runInfo( _runInfo ),
-            totals( _totals ),
-            aborting( _aborting )
-        {}
-        virtual ~TestRunStats();
+    IReporterFactory::~IReporterFactory() = default;
+    IReporterRegistry::~IReporterRegistry() = default;
 
-#  ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_GENERATED_METHODS
-        TestRunStats( TestRunStats const& _other )
-        :   runInfo( _other.runInfo ),
-            totals( _other.totals ),
-            aborting( _other.aborting )
-        {}
-#  else
-        TestRunStats( TestRunStats const& )              = default;
-        TestRunStats( TestRunStats && )                  = default;
-        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats const& ) = default;
-        TestRunStats& operator = ( TestRunStats && )     = default;
-#  endif
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_interfaces_reporter.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_runner.cpp
 
-        TestRunInfo runInfo;
-        Totals totals;
-        bool aborting;
-    };
+namespace Catch {
+    IRunner::~IRunner() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_runner.cpp
+// start catch_interfaces_testcase.cpp
 
-    class MultipleReporters;
+namespace Catch {
+    ITestInvoker::~ITestInvoker() = default;
+    ITestCaseRegistry::~ITestCaseRegistry() = default;
+}
+// end catch_interfaces_testcase.cpp
+// start catch_leak_detector.cpp
 
-    struct IStreamingReporter : IShared {
-        virtual ~IStreamingReporter();
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_CRTDBG
+#include <crtdbg.h>
 
-        // Implementing class must also provide the following static method:
-        // static std::string getDescription();
+namespace Catch {
 
-        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const = 0;
+    LeakDetector::LeakDetector() {
+        int flag = _CrtSetDbgFlag(_CRTDBG_REPORT_FLAG);
+        flag |= _CRTDBG_LEAK_CHECK_DF;
+        flag |= _CRTDBG_ALLOC_MEM_DF;
+        _CrtSetDbgFlag(flag);
+        _CrtSetReportMode(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_MODE_FILE | _CRTDBG_MODE_DEBUG);
+        _CrtSetReportFile(_CRT_WARN, _CRTDBG_FILE_STDERR);
+        // Change this to leaking allocation's number to break there
+        _CrtSetBreakAlloc(-1);
+    }
+}
 
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) = 0;
+#else
 
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) = 0;
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) = 0;
+    Catch::LeakDetector::LeakDetector() {}
 
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) = 0;
+#endif
 
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) = 0;
+Catch::LeakDetector::~LeakDetector() {
+    Catch::cleanUp();
+}
+// end catch_leak_detector.cpp
+// start catch_list.cpp
 
-        // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) = 0;
+// start catch_list.h
 
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) = 0;
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) = 0;
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) = 0;
-        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) = 0;
+#include <set>
 
-        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
+namespace Catch {
 
-        virtual MultipleReporters* tryAsMulti() { return CATCH_NULL; }
-    };
+    std::size_t listTests( Config const& config );
 
-    struct IReporterFactory : IShared {
-        virtual ~IReporterFactory();
-        virtual IStreamingReporter* create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const = 0;
-        virtual std::string getDescription() const = 0;
-    };
+    std::size_t listTestsNamesOnly( Config const& config );
 
-    struct IReporterRegistry {
-        typedef std::map<std::string, Ptr<IReporterFactory> > FactoryMap;
-        typedef std::vector<Ptr<IReporterFactory> > Listeners;
+    struct TagInfo {
+        void add( std::string const& spelling );
+        std::string all() const;
 
-        virtual ~IReporterRegistry();
-        virtual IStreamingReporter* create( std::string const& name, Ptr<IConfig const> const& config ) const = 0;
-        virtual FactoryMap const& getFactories() const = 0;
-        virtual Listeners const& getListeners() const = 0;
+        std::set<std::string> spellings;
+        std::size_t count = 0;
     };
 
-    Ptr<IStreamingReporter> addReporter( Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& existingReporter, Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& additionalReporter );
+    std::size_t listTags( Config const& config );
+
+    std::size_t listReporters();
+
+    Option<std::size_t> list( std::shared_ptr<Config> const& config );
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+// end catch_list.h
+// start catch_text.h
 
+namespace Catch {
+    using namespace clara::TextFlow;
 }
 
+// end catch_text.h
 #include <limits>
 #include <algorithm>
+#include <iomanip>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    inline std::size_t listTests( Config const& config ) {
-
-        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
-        if( config.testSpec().hasFilters() )
+    std::size_t listTests( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec const& testSpec = config.testSpec();
+        if( config.hasTestFilters() )
             Catch::cout() << "Matching test cases:\n";
         else {
             Catch::cout() << "All available test cases:\n";
-            testSpec = TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( "*" ).testSpec();
         }
 
-        std::size_t matchedTests = 0;
-        TextAttributes nameAttr, descAttr, tagsAttr;
-        nameAttr.setInitialIndent( 2 ).setIndent( 4 );
-        descAttr.setIndent( 4 );
-        tagsAttr.setIndent( 6 );
-
-        std::vector<TestCase> matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = matchedTestCases.begin(), itEnd = matchedTestCases.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it ) {
-            matchedTests++;
-            TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo = it->getTestCaseInfo();
+        auto matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
+        for( auto const& testCaseInfo : matchedTestCases ) {
             Colour::Code colour = testCaseInfo.isHidden()
                 ? Colour::SecondaryText
                 : Colour::None;
             Colour colourGuard( colour );
 
-            Catch::cout() << Text( testCaseInfo.name, nameAttr ) << std::endl;
-            if( config.listExtraInfo() ) {
-                Catch::cout() << "    " << testCaseInfo.lineInfo << std::endl;
+            Catch::cout() << Column( testCaseInfo.name ).initialIndent( 2 ).indent( 4 ) << "\n";
+            if( config.verbosity() >= Verbosity::High ) {
+                Catch::cout() << Column( Catch::Detail::stringify( testCaseInfo.lineInfo ) ).indent(4) << std::endl;
                 std::string description = testCaseInfo.description;
                 if( description.empty() )
                     description = "(NO DESCRIPTION)";
-                Catch::cout() << Text( description, descAttr ) << std::endl;
+                Catch::cout() << Column( description ).indent(4) << std::endl;
             }
             if( !testCaseInfo.tags.empty() )
-                Catch::cout() << Text( testCaseInfo.tagsAsString, tagsAttr ) << std::endl;
+                Catch::cout() << Column( testCaseInfo.tagsAsString() ).indent( 6 ) << "\n";
         }
 
-        if( !config.testSpec().hasFilters() )
-            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTests, "test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
+        if( !config.hasTestFilters() )
+            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTestCases.size(), "test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
         else
-            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTests, "matching test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
-        return matchedTests;
+            Catch::cout() << pluralise( matchedTestCases.size(), "matching test case" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
+        return matchedTestCases.size();
     }
 
-    inline std::size_t listTestsNamesOnly( Config const& config ) {
-        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
-        if( !config.testSpec().hasFilters() )
-            testSpec = TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( "*" ).testSpec();
+    std::size_t listTestsNamesOnly( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec const& testSpec = config.testSpec();
         std::size_t matchedTests = 0;
         std::vector<TestCase> matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = matchedTestCases.begin(), itEnd = matchedTestCases.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it ) {
+        for( auto const& testCaseInfo : matchedTestCases ) {
             matchedTests++;
-            TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo = it->getTestCaseInfo();
             if( startsWith( testCaseInfo.name, '#' ) )
                Catch::cout() << '"' << testCaseInfo.name << '"';
             else
                Catch::cout() << testCaseInfo.name;
-            if ( config.listExtraInfo() )
+            if ( config.verbosity() >= Verbosity::High )
                 Catch::cout() << "\t@" << testCaseInfo.lineInfo;
             Catch::cout() << std::endl;
         }
         return matchedTests;
     }
 
-    struct TagInfo {
-        TagInfo() : count ( 0 ) {}
-        void add( std::string const& spelling ) {
-            ++count;
-            spellings.insert( spelling );
-        }
-        std::string all() const {
-            std::string out;
-            for( std::set<std::string>::const_iterator it = spellings.begin(), itEnd = spellings.end();
-                        it != itEnd;
-                        ++it )
-                out += "[" + *it + "]";
-            return out;
+    void TagInfo::add( std::string const& spelling ) {
+        ++count;
+        spellings.insert( spelling );
+    }
+
+    std::string TagInfo::all() const {
+        size_t size = 0;
+        for (auto const& spelling : spellings) {
+            // Add 2 for the brackes
+            size += spelling.size() + 2;
         }
-        std::set<std::string> spellings;
-        std::size_t count;
-    };
 
-    inline std::size_t listTags( Config const& config ) {
-        TestSpec testSpec = config.testSpec();
-        if( config.testSpec().hasFilters() )
+        std::string out; out.reserve(size);
+        for (auto const& spelling : spellings) {
+            out += '[';
+            out += spelling;
+            out += ']';
+        }
+        return out;
+    }
+
+    std::size_t listTags( Config const& config ) {
+        TestSpec const& testSpec = config.testSpec();
+        if( config.hasTestFilters() )
             Catch::cout() << "Tags for matching test cases:\n";
         else {
             Catch::cout() << "All available tags:\n";
-            testSpec = TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( "*" ).testSpec();
         }
 
         std::map<std::string, TagInfo> tagCounts;
 
         std::vector<TestCase> matchedTestCases = filterTests( getAllTestCasesSorted( config ), testSpec, config );
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = matchedTestCases.begin(), itEnd = matchedTestCases.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it ) {
-            for( std::set<std::string>::const_iterator  tagIt = it->getTestCaseInfo().tags.begin(),
-                                                        tagItEnd = it->getTestCaseInfo().tags.end();
-                    tagIt != tagItEnd;
-                    ++tagIt ) {
-                std::string tagName = *tagIt;
+        for( auto const& testCase : matchedTestCases ) {
+            for( auto const& tagName : testCase.getTestCaseInfo().tags ) {
                 std::string lcaseTagName = toLower( tagName );
-                std::map<std::string, TagInfo>::iterator countIt = tagCounts.find( lcaseTagName );
+                auto countIt = tagCounts.find( lcaseTagName );
                 if( countIt == tagCounts.end() )
                     countIt = tagCounts.insert( std::make_pair( lcaseTagName, TagInfo() ) ).first;
                 countIt->second.add( tagName );
             }
         }
 
-        for( std::map<std::string, TagInfo>::const_iterator countIt = tagCounts.begin(),
-                                                            countItEnd = tagCounts.end();
-                countIt != countItEnd;
-                ++countIt ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << "  " << std::setw(2) << countIt->second.count << "  ";
-            Text wrapper( countIt->second.all(), TextAttributes()
-                                                    .setInitialIndent( 0 )
-                                                    .setIndent( oss.str().size() )
-                                                    .setWidth( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-10 ) );
-            Catch::cout() << oss.str() << wrapper << '\n';
+        for( auto const& tagCount : tagCounts ) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "  " << std::setw(2) << tagCount.second.count << "  ";
+            auto str = rss.str();
+            auto wrapper = Column( tagCount.second.all() )
+                                                    .initialIndent( 0 )
+                                                    .indent( str.size() )
+                                                    .width( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-10 );
+            Catch::cout() << str << wrapper << '\n';
         }
         Catch::cout() << pluralise( tagCounts.size(), "tag" ) << '\n' << std::endl;
         return tagCounts.size();
     }
 
-    inline std::size_t listReporters( Config const& /*config*/ ) {
+    std::size_t listReporters() {
         Catch::cout() << "Available reporters:\n";
         IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& factories = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getFactories();
-        IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap::const_iterator itBegin = factories.begin(), itEnd = factories.end(), it;
         std::size_t maxNameLen = 0;
-        for(it = itBegin; it != itEnd; ++it )
-            maxNameLen = (std::max)( maxNameLen, it->first.size() );
-
-        for(it = itBegin; it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-            Text wrapper( it->second->getDescription(), TextAttributes()
-                                                        .setInitialIndent( 0 )
-                                                        .setIndent( 7+maxNameLen )
-                                                        .setWidth( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - maxNameLen-8 ) );
-            Catch::cout() << "  "
-                    << it->first
-                    << ':'
-                    << std::string( maxNameLen - it->first.size() + 2, ' ' )
-                    << wrapper << '\n';
+        for( auto const& factoryKvp : factories )
+            maxNameLen = (std::max)( maxNameLen, factoryKvp.first.size() );
+
+        for( auto const& factoryKvp : factories ) {
+            Catch::cout()
+                    << Column( factoryKvp.first + ":" )
+                            .indent(2)
+                            .width( 5+maxNameLen )
+                    +  Column( factoryKvp.second->getDescription() )
+                            .initialIndent(0)
+                            .indent(2)
+                            .width( CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - maxNameLen-8 )
+                    << "\n";
         }
         Catch::cout() << std::endl;
         return factories.size();
     }
 
-    inline Option<std::size_t> list( Config const& config ) {
+    Option<std::size_t> list( std::shared_ptr<Config> const& config ) {
         Option<std::size_t> listedCount;
-        if( config.listTests() || ( config.listExtraInfo() && !config.listTestNamesOnly() ) )
-            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTests( config );
-        if( config.listTestNamesOnly() )
-            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTestsNamesOnly( config );
-        if( config.listTags() )
-            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTags( config );
-        if( config.listReporters() )
-            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listReporters( config );
+        getCurrentMutableContext().setConfig( config );
+        if( config->listTests() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTests( *config );
+        if( config->listTestNamesOnly() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTestsNamesOnly( *config );
+        if( config->listTags() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listTags( *config );
+        if( config->listReporters() )
+            listedCount = listedCount.valueOr(0) + listReporters();
         return listedCount;
     }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: internal/catch_run_context.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_RUNNER_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-// #included from: catch_test_case_tracker.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_CASE_TRACKER_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-#include <algorithm>
-#include <string>
-#include <assert.h>
-#include <vector>
-#include <stdexcept>
-
-CATCH_INTERNAL_SUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+// end catch_list.cpp
+// start catch_matchers.cpp
 
 namespace Catch {
-namespace TestCaseTracking {
+namespace Matchers {
+    namespace Impl {
 
-    struct NameAndLocation {
-        std::string name;
-        SourceLineInfo location;
+        std::string MatcherUntypedBase::toString() const {
+            if( m_cachedToString.empty() )
+                m_cachedToString = describe();
+            return m_cachedToString;
+        }
 
-        NameAndLocation( std::string const& _name, SourceLineInfo const& _location )
-        :   name( _name ),
-            location( _location )
-        {}
-    };
+        MatcherUntypedBase::~MatcherUntypedBase() = default;
 
-    struct ITracker : SharedImpl<> {
-        virtual ~ITracker();
+    } // namespace Impl
+} // namespace Matchers
 
-        // static queries
-        virtual NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation() const = 0;
+using namespace Matchers;
+using Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase;
 
-        // dynamic queries
-        virtual bool isComplete() const = 0; // Successfully completed or failed
-        virtual bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const = 0;
-        virtual bool isOpen() const = 0; // Started but not complete
-        virtual bool hasChildren() const = 0;
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_matchers.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_exception.cpp
 
-        virtual ITracker& parent() = 0;
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Exception {
 
-        // actions
-        virtual void close() = 0; // Successfully complete
-        virtual void fail() = 0;
-        virtual void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() = 0;
+bool ExceptionMessageMatcher::match(std::exception const& ex) const {
+    return ex.what() == m_message;
+}
 
-        virtual void addChild( Ptr<ITracker> const& child ) = 0;
-        virtual ITracker* findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) = 0;
-        virtual void openChild() = 0;
+std::string ExceptionMessageMatcher::describe() const {
+    return "exception message matches \"" + m_message + "\"";
+}
 
-        // Debug/ checking
-        virtual bool isSectionTracker() const = 0;
-        virtual bool isIndexTracker() const = 0;
-    };
+}
+Exception::ExceptionMessageMatcher Message(std::string const& message) {
+    return Exception::ExceptionMessageMatcher(message);
+}
 
-    class  TrackerContext {
+// namespace Exception
+} // namespace Matchers
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_matchers_exception.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_floating.cpp
 
-        enum RunState {
-            NotStarted,
-            Executing,
-            CompletedCycle
-        };
+// start catch_polyfills.hpp
 
-        Ptr<ITracker> m_rootTracker;
-        ITracker* m_currentTracker;
-        RunState m_runState;
+namespace Catch {
+    bool isnan(float f);
+    bool isnan(double d);
+}
 
-    public:
+// end catch_polyfills.hpp
+// start catch_to_string.hpp
 
-        static TrackerContext& instance() {
-            static TrackerContext s_instance;
-            return s_instance;
-        }
+#include <string>
 
-        TrackerContext()
-        :   m_currentTracker( CATCH_NULL ),
-            m_runState( NotStarted )
-        {}
+namespace Catch {
+    template <typename T>
+    std::string to_string(T const& t) {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_TO_STRING)
+        return std::to_string(t);
+#else
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << t;
+        return rss.str();
+#endif
+    }
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-        ITracker& startRun();
+// end catch_to_string.hpp
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <cmath>
+#include <cstdlib>
+#include <cstdint>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <type_traits>
+#include <iomanip>
+#include <limits>
 
-        void endRun() {
-            m_rootTracker.reset();
-            m_currentTracker = CATCH_NULL;
-            m_runState = NotStarted;
-        }
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
 
-        void startCycle() {
-            m_currentTracker = m_rootTracker.get();
-            m_runState = Executing;
-        }
-        void completeCycle() {
-            m_runState = CompletedCycle;
-        }
+    int32_t convert(float f) {
+        static_assert(sizeof(float) == sizeof(int32_t), "Important ULP matcher assumption violated");
+        int32_t i;
+        std::memcpy(&i, &f, sizeof(f));
+        return i;
+    }
 
-        bool completedCycle() const {
-            return m_runState == CompletedCycle;
-        }
-        ITracker& currentTracker() {
-            return *m_currentTracker;
-        }
-        void setCurrentTracker( ITracker* tracker ) {
-            m_currentTracker = tracker;
+    int64_t convert(double d) {
+        static_assert(sizeof(double) == sizeof(int64_t), "Important ULP matcher assumption violated");
+        int64_t i;
+        std::memcpy(&i, &d, sizeof(d));
+        return i;
+    }
+
+    template <typename FP>
+    bool almostEqualUlps(FP lhs, FP rhs, uint64_t maxUlpDiff) {
+        // Comparison with NaN should always be false.
+        // This way we can rule it out before getting into the ugly details
+        if (Catch::isnan(lhs) || Catch::isnan(rhs)) {
+            return false;
         }
-    };
 
-    class TrackerBase : public ITracker {
-    protected:
-        enum CycleState {
-            NotStarted,
-            Executing,
-            ExecutingChildren,
-            NeedsAnotherRun,
-            CompletedSuccessfully,
-            Failed
-        };
-        class TrackerHasName {
-            NameAndLocation m_nameAndLocation;
-        public:
-            TrackerHasName( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) : m_nameAndLocation( nameAndLocation ) {}
-            bool operator ()( Ptr<ITracker> const& tracker ) {
-                return
-                    tracker->nameAndLocation().name == m_nameAndLocation.name &&
-                    tracker->nameAndLocation().location == m_nameAndLocation.location;
-            }
-        };
-        typedef std::vector<Ptr<ITracker> > Children;
-        NameAndLocation m_nameAndLocation;
-        TrackerContext& m_ctx;
-        ITracker* m_parent;
-        Children m_children;
-        CycleState m_runState;
-    public:
-        TrackerBase( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent )
-        :   m_nameAndLocation( nameAndLocation ),
-            m_ctx( ctx ),
-            m_parent( parent ),
-            m_runState( NotStarted )
-        {}
-        virtual ~TrackerBase();
+        auto lc = convert(lhs);
+        auto rc = convert(rhs);
 
-        virtual NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_nameAndLocation;
-        }
-        virtual bool isComplete() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully || m_runState == Failed;
-        }
-        virtual bool isSuccessfullyCompleted() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully;
-        }
-        virtual bool isOpen() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_runState != NotStarted && !isComplete();
-        }
-        virtual bool hasChildren() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return !m_children.empty();
+        if ((lc < 0) != (rc < 0)) {
+            // Potentially we can have +0 and -0
+            return lhs == rhs;
         }
 
-        virtual void addChild( Ptr<ITracker> const& child ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_children.push_back( child );
-        }
+        auto ulpDiff = std::abs(lc - rc);
+        return static_cast<uint64_t>(ulpDiff) <= maxUlpDiff;
+    }
 
-        virtual ITracker* findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            Children::const_iterator it = std::find_if( m_children.begin(), m_children.end(), TrackerHasName( nameAndLocation ) );
-            return( it != m_children.end() )
-                ? it->get()
-                : CATCH_NULL;
-        }
-        virtual ITracker& parent() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            assert( m_parent ); // Should always be non-null except for root
-            return *m_parent;
-        }
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER)
 
-        virtual void openChild() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            if( m_runState != ExecutingChildren ) {
-                m_runState = ExecutingChildren;
-                if( m_parent )
-                    m_parent->openChild();
-            }
-        }
+    float nextafter(float x, float y) {
+        return ::nextafterf(x, y);
+    }
 
-        virtual bool isSectionTracker() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return false; }
-        virtual bool isIndexTracker() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return false; }
+    double nextafter(double x, double y) {
+        return ::nextafter(x, y);
+    }
 
-        void open() {
-            m_runState = Executing;
-            moveToThis();
-            if( m_parent )
-                m_parent->openChild();
-        }
+#endif // ^^^ CATCH_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER ^^^
 
-        virtual void close() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
+template <typename FP>
+FP step(FP start, FP direction, uint64_t steps) {
+    for (uint64_t i = 0; i < steps; ++i) {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_GLOBAL_NEXTAFTER)
+        start = Catch::nextafter(start, direction);
+#else
+        start = std::nextafter(start, direction);
+#endif
+    }
+    return start;
+}
 
-            // Close any still open children (e.g. generators)
-            while( &m_ctx.currentTracker() != this )
-                m_ctx.currentTracker().close();
+// Performs equivalent check of std::fabs(lhs - rhs) <= margin
+// But without the subtraction to allow for INFINITY in comparison
+bool marginComparison(double lhs, double rhs, double margin) {
+    return (lhs + margin >= rhs) && (rhs + margin >= lhs);
+}
 
-            switch( m_runState ) {
-                case NotStarted:
-                case CompletedSuccessfully:
-                case Failed:
-                    throw std::logic_error( "Illogical state" );
+template <typename FloatingPoint>
+void write(std::ostream& out, FloatingPoint num) {
+    out << std::scientific
+        << std::setprecision(std::numeric_limits<FloatingPoint>::max_digits10 - 1)
+        << num;
+}
 
-                case NeedsAnotherRun:
-                    break;;
+} // end anonymous namespace
 
-                case Executing:
-                    m_runState = CompletedSuccessfully;
-                    break;
-                case ExecutingChildren:
-                    if( m_children.empty() || m_children.back()->isComplete() )
-                        m_runState = CompletedSuccessfully;
-                    break;
+namespace Matchers {
+namespace Floating {
 
-                default:
-                    throw std::logic_error( "Unexpected state" );
-            }
-            moveToParent();
-            m_ctx.completeCycle();
-        }
-        virtual void fail() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_runState = Failed;
-            if( m_parent )
-                m_parent->markAsNeedingAnotherRun();
-            moveToParent();
-            m_ctx.completeCycle();
-        }
-        virtual void markAsNeedingAnotherRun() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_runState = NeedsAnotherRun;
-        }
-    private:
-        void moveToParent() {
-            assert( m_parent );
-            m_ctx.setCurrentTracker( m_parent );
-        }
-        void moveToThis() {
-            m_ctx.setCurrentTracker( this );
-        }
+    enum class FloatingPointKind : uint8_t {
+        Float,
+        Double
     };
 
-    class SectionTracker : public TrackerBase {
-        std::vector<std::string> m_filters;
-    public:
-        SectionTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent )
-        :   TrackerBase( nameAndLocation, ctx, parent )
-        {
-            if( parent ) {
-                while( !parent->isSectionTracker() )
-                    parent = &parent->parent();
-
-                SectionTracker& parentSection = static_cast<SectionTracker&>( *parent );
-                addNextFilters( parentSection.m_filters );
-            }
-        }
-        virtual ~SectionTracker();
+    WithinAbsMatcher::WithinAbsMatcher(double target, double margin)
+        :m_target{ target }, m_margin{ margin } {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(margin >= 0, "Invalid margin: " << margin << '.'
+            << " Margin has to be non-negative.");
+    }
 
-        virtual bool isSectionTracker() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return true; }
+    // Performs equivalent check of std::fabs(lhs - rhs) <= margin
+    // But without the subtraction to allow for INFINITY in comparison
+    bool WithinAbsMatcher::match(double const& matchee) const {
+        return (matchee + m_margin >= m_target) && (m_target + m_margin >= matchee);
+    }
 
-        static SectionTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) {
-            SectionTracker* section = CATCH_NULL;
+    std::string WithinAbsMatcher::describe() const {
+        return "is within " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_margin) + " of " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_target);
+    }
 
-            ITracker& currentTracker = ctx.currentTracker();
-            if( ITracker* childTracker = currentTracker.findChild( nameAndLocation ) ) {
-                assert( childTracker );
-                assert( childTracker->isSectionTracker() );
-                section = static_cast<SectionTracker*>( childTracker );
-            }
-            else {
-                section = new SectionTracker( nameAndLocation, ctx, &currentTracker );
-                currentTracker.addChild( section );
-            }
-            if( !ctx.completedCycle() )
-                section->tryOpen();
-            return *section;
-        }
+    WithinUlpsMatcher::WithinUlpsMatcher(double target, uint64_t ulps, FloatingPointKind baseType)
+        :m_target{ target }, m_ulps{ ulps }, m_type{ baseType } {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(m_type == FloatingPointKind::Double
+                   || m_ulps < (std::numeric_limits<uint32_t>::max)(),
+            "Provided ULP is impossibly large for a float comparison.");
+    }
 
-        void tryOpen() {
-            if( !isComplete() && (m_filters.empty() || m_filters[0].empty() ||  m_filters[0] == m_nameAndLocation.name ) )
-                open();
-        }
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#pragma clang diagnostic push
+// Clang <3.5 reports on the default branch in the switch below
+#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunreachable-code"
+#endif
 
-        void addInitialFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters ) {
-            if( !filters.empty() ) {
-                m_filters.push_back(""); // Root - should never be consulted
-                m_filters.push_back(""); // Test Case - not a section filter
-                m_filters.insert( m_filters.end(), filters.begin(), filters.end() );
-            }
+    bool WithinUlpsMatcher::match(double const& matchee) const {
+        switch (m_type) {
+        case FloatingPointKind::Float:
+            return almostEqualUlps<float>(static_cast<float>(matchee), static_cast<float>(m_target), m_ulps);
+        case FloatingPointKind::Double:
+            return almostEqualUlps<double>(matchee, m_target, m_ulps);
+        default:
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown FloatingPointKind value" );
         }
-        void addNextFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters ) {
-            if( filters.size() > 1 )
-                m_filters.insert( m_filters.end(), ++filters.begin(), filters.end() );
-        }
-    };
-
-    class IndexTracker : public TrackerBase {
-        int m_size;
-        int m_index;
-    public:
-        IndexTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent, int size )
-        :   TrackerBase( nameAndLocation, ctx, parent ),
-            m_size( size ),
-            m_index( -1 )
-        {}
-        virtual ~IndexTracker();
+    }
 
-        virtual bool isIndexTracker() const CATCH_OVERRIDE { return true; }
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
 
-        static IndexTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, int size ) {
-            IndexTracker* tracker = CATCH_NULL;
+    std::string WithinUlpsMatcher::describe() const {
+        std::stringstream ret;
 
-            ITracker& currentTracker = ctx.currentTracker();
-            if( ITracker* childTracker = currentTracker.findChild( nameAndLocation ) ) {
-                assert( childTracker );
-                assert( childTracker->isIndexTracker() );
-                tracker = static_cast<IndexTracker*>( childTracker );
-            }
-            else {
-                tracker = new IndexTracker( nameAndLocation, ctx, &currentTracker, size );
-                currentTracker.addChild( tracker );
-            }
+        ret << "is within " << m_ulps << " ULPs of ";
 
-            if( !ctx.completedCycle() && !tracker->isComplete() ) {
-                if( tracker->m_runState != ExecutingChildren && tracker->m_runState != NeedsAnotherRun )
-                    tracker->moveNext();
-                tracker->open();
-            }
+        if (m_type == FloatingPointKind::Float) {
+            write(ret, static_cast<float>(m_target));
+            ret << 'f';
+        } else {
+            write(ret, m_target);
+        }
 
-            return *tracker;
+        ret << " ([";
+        if (m_type == FloatingPointKind::Double) {
+            write(ret, step(m_target, static_cast<double>(-INFINITY), m_ulps));
+            ret << ", ";
+            write(ret, step(m_target, static_cast<double>( INFINITY), m_ulps));
+        } else {
+            // We have to cast INFINITY to float because of MinGW, see #1782
+            write(ret, step(static_cast<float>(m_target), static_cast<float>(-INFINITY), m_ulps));
+            ret << ", ";
+            write(ret, step(static_cast<float>(m_target), static_cast<float>( INFINITY), m_ulps));
         }
+        ret << "])";
 
-        int index() const { return m_index; }
+        return ret.str();
+    }
 
-        void moveNext() {
-            m_index++;
-            m_children.clear();
-        }
+    WithinRelMatcher::WithinRelMatcher(double target, double epsilon):
+        m_target(target),
+        m_epsilon(epsilon){
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(m_epsilon >= 0., "Relative comparison with epsilon <  0 does not make sense.");
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(m_epsilon  < 1., "Relative comparison with epsilon >= 1 does not make sense.");
+    }
 
-        virtual void close() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            TrackerBase::close();
-            if( m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully && m_index < m_size-1 )
-                m_runState = Executing;
-        }
-    };
+    bool WithinRelMatcher::match(double const& matchee) const {
+        const auto relMargin = m_epsilon * (std::max)(std::fabs(matchee), std::fabs(m_target));
+        return marginComparison(matchee, m_target,
+                                std::isinf(relMargin)? 0 : relMargin);
+    }
 
-    inline ITracker& TrackerContext::startRun() {
-        m_rootTracker = new SectionTracker( NameAndLocation( "{root}", CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ), *this, CATCH_NULL );
-        m_currentTracker = CATCH_NULL;
-        m_runState = Executing;
-        return *m_rootTracker;
+    std::string WithinRelMatcher::describe() const {
+        Catch::ReusableStringStream sstr;
+        sstr << "and " << m_target << " are within " << m_epsilon * 100. << "% of each other";
+        return sstr.str();
     }
 
-} // namespace TestCaseTracking
+}// namespace Floating
 
-using TestCaseTracking::ITracker;
-using TestCaseTracking::TrackerContext;
-using TestCaseTracking::SectionTracker;
-using TestCaseTracking::IndexTracker;
+Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(double target, uint64_t maxUlpDiff) {
+    return Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher(target, maxUlpDiff, Floating::FloatingPointKind::Double);
+}
 
-} // namespace Catch
+Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher WithinULP(float target, uint64_t maxUlpDiff) {
+    return Floating::WithinUlpsMatcher(target, maxUlpDiff, Floating::FloatingPointKind::Float);
+}
+
+Floating::WithinAbsMatcher WithinAbs(double target, double margin) {
+    return Floating::WithinAbsMatcher(target, margin);
+}
 
-CATCH_INTERNAL_UNSUPPRESS_ETD_WARNINGS
+Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(double target, double eps) {
+    return Floating::WithinRelMatcher(target, eps);
+}
 
-// #included from: catch_fatal_condition.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_FATAL_CONDITION_H_INCLUDED
+Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(double target) {
+    return Floating::WithinRelMatcher(target, std::numeric_limits<double>::epsilon() * 100);
+}
 
-namespace Catch {
+Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(float target, float eps) {
+    return Floating::WithinRelMatcher(target, eps);
+}
 
-    // Report the error condition
-    inline void reportFatal( std::string const& message ) {
-        IContext& context = Catch::getCurrentContext();
-        IResultCapture* resultCapture = context.getResultCapture();
-        resultCapture->handleFatalErrorCondition( message );
-    }
+Floating::WithinRelMatcher WithinRel(float target) {
+    return Floating::WithinRelMatcher(target, std::numeric_limits<float>::epsilon() * 100);
+}
 
+} // namespace Matchers
 } // namespace Catch
 
-#if defined ( CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS ) /////////////////////////////////////////
-// #included from: catch_windows_h_proxy.h
+// end catch_matchers_floating.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_generic.cpp
 
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_WINDOWS_H_PROXY_H_INCLUDED
+std::string Catch::Matchers::Generic::Detail::finalizeDescription(const std::string& desc) {
+    if (desc.empty()) {
+        return "matches undescribed predicate";
+    } else {
+        return "matches predicate: \"" + desc + '"';
+    }
+}
+// end catch_matchers_generic.cpp
+// start catch_matchers_string.cpp
 
-#ifdef CATCH_DEFINES_NOMINMAX
-#  define NOMINMAX
-#endif
-#ifdef CATCH_DEFINES_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
-#  define WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
-#endif
+#include <regex>
 
-#ifdef __AFXDLL
-#include <AfxWin.h>
-#else
-#include <windows.h>
-#endif
+namespace Catch {
+namespace Matchers {
 
-#ifdef CATCH_DEFINES_NOMINMAX
-#  undef NOMINMAX
-#endif
-#ifdef CATCH_DEFINES_WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
-#  undef WIN32_LEAN_AND_MEAN
-#endif
+    namespace StdString {
+
+        CasedString::CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity )
+        :   m_caseSensitivity( caseSensitivity ),
+            m_str( adjustString( str ) )
+        {}
+        std::string CasedString::adjustString( std::string const& str ) const {
+            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
+                   ? toLower( str )
+                   : str;
+        }
+        std::string CasedString::caseSensitivitySuffix() const {
+            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
+                   ? " (case insensitive)"
+                   : std::string();
+        }
 
+        StringMatcherBase::StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator )
+        : m_comparator( comparator ),
+          m_operation( operation ) {
+        }
 
-#  if !defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH )
+        std::string StringMatcherBase::describe() const {
+            std::string description;
+            description.reserve(5 + m_operation.size() + m_comparator.m_str.size() +
+                                        m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix().size());
+            description += m_operation;
+            description += ": \"";
+            description += m_comparator.m_str;
+            description += "\"";
+            description += m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix();
+            return description;
+        }
 
-namespace Catch {
-    struct FatalConditionHandler {
-        void reset() {}
-    };
-}
+        EqualsMatcher::EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "equals", comparator ) {}
 
-#  else // CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH is defined
+        bool EqualsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return m_comparator.adjustString( source ) == m_comparator.m_str;
+        }
 
-namespace Catch {
+        ContainsMatcher::ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "contains", comparator ) {}
 
-    struct SignalDefs { DWORD id; const char* name; };
-    extern SignalDefs signalDefs[];
-    // There is no 1-1 mapping between signals and windows exceptions.
-    // Windows can easily distinguish between SO and SigSegV,
-    // but SigInt, SigTerm, etc are handled differently.
-    SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
-        { EXCEPTION_ILLEGAL_INSTRUCTION,  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
-        { EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW, "SIGSEGV - Stack overflow" },
-        { EXCEPTION_ACCESS_VIOLATION, "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
-        { EXCEPTION_INT_DIVIDE_BY_ZERO, "Divide by zero error" },
-    };
+        bool ContainsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return contains( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
+        }
 
-    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+        StartsWithMatcher::StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "starts with", comparator ) {}
 
-        static LONG CALLBACK handleVectoredException(PEXCEPTION_POINTERS ExceptionInfo) {
-            for (int i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs) / sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i) {
-                if (ExceptionInfo->ExceptionRecord->ExceptionCode == signalDefs[i].id) {
-                    reportFatal(signalDefs[i].name);
-                }
-            }
-            // If its not an exception we care about, pass it along.
-            // This stops us from eating debugger breaks etc.
-            return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
+        bool StartsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return startsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
         }
 
-        FatalConditionHandler() {
-            isSet = true;
-            // 32k seems enough for Catch to handle stack overflow,
-            // but the value was found experimentally, so there is no strong guarantee
-            guaranteeSize = 32 * 1024;
-            exceptionHandlerHandle = CATCH_NULL;
-            // Register as first handler in current chain
-            exceptionHandlerHandle = AddVectoredExceptionHandler(1, handleVectoredException);
-            // Pass in guarantee size to be filled
-            SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
+        EndsWithMatcher::EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "ends with", comparator ) {}
+
+        bool EndsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
+            return endsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
         }
 
-        static void reset() {
-            if (isSet) {
-                // Unregister handler and restore the old guarantee
-                RemoveVectoredExceptionHandler(exceptionHandlerHandle);
-                SetThreadStackGuarantee(&guaranteeSize);
-                exceptionHandlerHandle = CATCH_NULL;
-                isSet = false;
+        RegexMatcher::RegexMatcher(std::string regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity): m_regex(std::move(regex)), m_caseSensitivity(caseSensitivity) {}
+
+        bool RegexMatcher::match(std::string const& matchee) const {
+            auto flags = std::regex::ECMAScript; // ECMAScript is the default syntax option anyway
+            if (m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::Choice::No) {
+                flags |= std::regex::icase;
             }
+            auto reg = std::regex(m_regex, flags);
+            return std::regex_match(matchee, reg);
         }
 
-        ~FatalConditionHandler() {
-            reset();
+        std::string RegexMatcher::describe() const {
+            return "matches " + ::Catch::Detail::stringify(m_regex) + ((m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::Choice::Yes)? " case sensitively" : " case insensitively");
         }
-    private:
-        static bool isSet;
-        static ULONG guaranteeSize;
-        static PVOID exceptionHandlerHandle;
-    };
 
-    bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
-    ULONG FatalConditionHandler::guaranteeSize = 0;
-    PVOID FatalConditionHandler::exceptionHandlerHandle = CATCH_NULL;
+    } // namespace StdString
+
+    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::EqualsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::ContainsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::EndsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
+        return StdString::StartsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
+    }
+
+    StdString::RegexMatcher Matches(std::string const& regex, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity) {
+        return StdString::RegexMatcher(regex, caseSensitivity);
+    }
 
+} // namespace Matchers
 } // namespace Catch
+// end catch_matchers_string.cpp
+// start catch_message.cpp
 
-#  endif // CATCH_CONFIG_WINDOWS_SEH
+// start catch_uncaught_exceptions.h
 
-#else // Not Windows - assumed to be POSIX compatible //////////////////////////
+namespace Catch {
+    bool uncaught_exceptions();
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-#  if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS)
+// end catch_uncaught_exceptions.h
+#include <cassert>
+#include <stack>
 
 namespace Catch {
-    struct FatalConditionHandler {
-        void reset() {}
-    };
-}
 
-#  else // CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS is defined
+    MessageInfo::MessageInfo(   StringRef const& _macroName,
+                                SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+                                ResultWas::OfType _type )
+    :   macroName( _macroName ),
+        lineInfo( _lineInfo ),
+        type( _type ),
+        sequence( ++globalCount )
+    {}
 
-#include <signal.h>
+    bool MessageInfo::operator==( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
+        return sequence == other.sequence;
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    bool MessageInfo::operator<( MessageInfo const& other ) const {
+        return sequence < other.sequence;
+    }
 
-    struct SignalDefs {
-        int id;
-        const char* name;
-    };
-    extern SignalDefs signalDefs[];
-    SignalDefs signalDefs[] = {
-            { SIGINT,  "SIGINT - Terminal interrupt signal" },
-            { SIGILL,  "SIGILL - Illegal instruction signal" },
-            { SIGFPE,  "SIGFPE - Floating point error signal" },
-            { SIGSEGV, "SIGSEGV - Segmentation violation signal" },
-            { SIGTERM, "SIGTERM - Termination request signal" },
-            { SIGABRT, "SIGABRT - Abort (abnormal termination) signal" }
-    };
+    // This may need protecting if threading support is added
+    unsigned int MessageInfo::globalCount = 0;
 
-    struct FatalConditionHandler {
+    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-        static bool isSet;
-        static struct sigaction oldSigActions [sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs)];
-        static stack_t oldSigStack;
-        static char altStackMem[SIGSTKSZ];
-
-        static void handleSignal( int sig ) {
-            std::string name = "<unknown signal>";
-            for (std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs) / sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i) {
-                SignalDefs &def = signalDefs[i];
-                if (sig == def.id) {
-                    name = def.name;
-                    break;
-                }
-            }
-            reset();
-            reportFatal(name);
-            raise( sig );
-        }
+    Catch::MessageBuilder::MessageBuilder( StringRef const& macroName,
+                                           SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
+                                           ResultWas::OfType type )
+        :m_info(macroName, lineInfo, type) {}
 
-        FatalConditionHandler() {
-            isSet = true;
-            stack_t sigStack;
-            sigStack.ss_sp = altStackMem;
-            sigStack.ss_size = SIGSTKSZ;
-            sigStack.ss_flags = 0;
-            sigaltstack(&sigStack, &oldSigStack);
-            struct sigaction sa = { 0 };
+    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-            sa.sa_handler = handleSignal;
-            sa.sa_flags = SA_ONSTACK;
-            for (std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i) {
-                sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &sa, &oldSigActions[i]);
-            }
-        }
+    ScopedMessage::ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder )
+    : m_info( builder.m_info ), m_moved()
+    {
+        m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
+        getResultCapture().pushScopedMessage( m_info );
+    }
 
-        ~FatalConditionHandler() {
-            reset();
+    ScopedMessage::ScopedMessage( ScopedMessage&& old )
+    : m_info( old.m_info ), m_moved()
+    {
+        old.m_moved = true;
+    }
+
+    ScopedMessage::~ScopedMessage() {
+        if ( !uncaught_exceptions() && !m_moved ){
+            getResultCapture().popScopedMessage(m_info);
         }
-        static void reset() {
-            if( isSet ) {
-                // Set signals back to previous values -- hopefully nobody overwrote them in the meantime
-                for( std::size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs); ++i ) {
-                    sigaction(signalDefs[i].id, &oldSigActions[i], CATCH_NULL);
+    }
+
+    Capturer::Capturer( StringRef macroName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, ResultWas::OfType resultType, StringRef names ) {
+        auto trimmed = [&] (size_t start, size_t end) {
+            while (names[start] == ',' || isspace(static_cast<unsigned char>(names[start]))) {
+                ++start;
+            }
+            while (names[end] == ',' || isspace(static_cast<unsigned char>(names[end]))) {
+                --end;
+            }
+            return names.substr(start, end - start + 1);
+        };
+        auto skipq = [&] (size_t start, char quote) {
+            for (auto i = start + 1; i < names.size() ; ++i) {
+                if (names[i] == quote)
+                    return i;
+                if (names[i] == '\\')
+                    ++i;
+            }
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("CAPTURE parsing encountered unmatched quote");
+        };
+
+        size_t start = 0;
+        std::stack<char> openings;
+        for (size_t pos = 0; pos < names.size(); ++pos) {
+            char c = names[pos];
+            switch (c) {
+            case '[':
+            case '{':
+            case '(':
+            // It is basically impossible to disambiguate between
+            // comparison and start of template args in this context
+//            case '<':
+                openings.push(c);
+                break;
+            case ']':
+            case '}':
+            case ')':
+//           case '>':
+                openings.pop();
+                break;
+            case '"':
+            case '\'':
+                pos = skipq(pos, c);
+                break;
+            case ',':
+                if (start != pos && openings.empty()) {
+                    m_messages.emplace_back(macroName, lineInfo, resultType);
+                    m_messages.back().message = static_cast<std::string>(trimmed(start, pos));
+                    m_messages.back().message += " := ";
+                    start = pos;
                 }
-                // Return the old stack
-                sigaltstack(&oldSigStack, CATCH_NULL);
-                isSet = false;
             }
         }
-    };
-
-    bool FatalConditionHandler::isSet = false;
-    struct sigaction FatalConditionHandler::oldSigActions[sizeof(signalDefs)/sizeof(SignalDefs)] = {};
-    stack_t FatalConditionHandler::oldSigStack = {};
-    char FatalConditionHandler::altStackMem[SIGSTKSZ] = {};
+        assert(openings.empty() && "Mismatched openings");
+        m_messages.emplace_back(macroName, lineInfo, resultType);
+        m_messages.back().message = static_cast<std::string>(trimmed(start, names.size() - 1));
+        m_messages.back().message += " := ";
+    }
+    Capturer::~Capturer() {
+        if ( !uncaught_exceptions() ){
+            assert( m_captured == m_messages.size() );
+            for( size_t i = 0; i < m_captured; ++i  )
+                m_resultCapture.popScopedMessage( m_messages[i] );
+        }
+    }
 
-} // namespace Catch
+    void Capturer::captureValue( size_t index, std::string const& value ) {
+        assert( index < m_messages.size() );
+        m_messages[index].message += value;
+        m_resultCapture.pushScopedMessage( m_messages[index] );
+        m_captured++;
+    }
 
-#  endif // CATCH_CONFIG_POSIX_SIGNALS
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_message.cpp
+// start catch_output_redirect.cpp
 
-#endif // not Windows
+// start catch_output_redirect.h
+#ifndef TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
+#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
 
-#include <cassert>
-#include <set>
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <iosfwd>
 #include <string>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    class StreamRedirect {
+    class RedirectedStream {
+        std::ostream& m_originalStream;
+        std::ostream& m_redirectionStream;
+        std::streambuf* m_prevBuf;
 
     public:
-        StreamRedirect( std::ostream& stream, std::string& targetString )
-        :   m_stream( stream ),
-            m_prevBuf( stream.rdbuf() ),
-            m_targetString( targetString )
-        {
-            stream.rdbuf( m_oss.rdbuf() );
-        }
-
-        ~StreamRedirect() {
-            m_targetString += m_oss.str();
-            m_stream.rdbuf( m_prevBuf );
-        }
+        RedirectedStream( std::ostream& originalStream, std::ostream& redirectionStream );
+        ~RedirectedStream();
+    };
 
-    private:
-        std::ostream& m_stream;
-        std::streambuf* m_prevBuf;
-        std::ostringstream m_oss;
-        std::string& m_targetString;
+    class RedirectedStdOut {
+        ReusableStringStream m_rss;
+        RedirectedStream m_cout;
+    public:
+        RedirectedStdOut();
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
     };
 
     // StdErr has two constituent streams in C++, std::cerr and std::clog
     // This means that we need to redirect 2 streams into 1 to keep proper
-    // order of writes and cannot use StreamRedirect on its own
-    class StdErrRedirect {
+    // order of writes
+    class RedirectedStdErr {
+        ReusableStringStream m_rss;
+        RedirectedStream m_cerr;
+        RedirectedStream m_clog;
     public:
-        StdErrRedirect(std::string& targetString)
-        :m_cerrBuf( cerr().rdbuf() ), m_clogBuf(clog().rdbuf()),
-        m_targetString(targetString){
-            cerr().rdbuf(m_oss.rdbuf());
-            clog().rdbuf(m_oss.rdbuf());
-        }
-        ~StdErrRedirect() {
-            m_targetString += m_oss.str();
-            cerr().rdbuf(m_cerrBuf);
-            clog().rdbuf(m_clogBuf);
-        }
+        RedirectedStdErr();
+        auto str() const -> std::string;
+    };
+
+    class RedirectedStreams {
+    public:
+        RedirectedStreams(RedirectedStreams const&) = delete;
+        RedirectedStreams& operator=(RedirectedStreams const&) = delete;
+        RedirectedStreams(RedirectedStreams&&) = delete;
+        RedirectedStreams& operator=(RedirectedStreams&&) = delete;
+
+        RedirectedStreams(std::string& redirectedCout, std::string& redirectedCerr);
+        ~RedirectedStreams();
+    private:
+        std::string& m_redirectedCout;
+        std::string& m_redirectedCerr;
+        RedirectedStdOut m_redirectedStdOut;
+        RedirectedStdErr m_redirectedStdErr;
+    };
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+
+    // Windows's implementation of std::tmpfile is terrible (it tries
+    // to create a file inside system folder, thus requiring elevated
+    // privileges for the binary), so we have to use tmpnam(_s) and
+    // create the file ourselves there.
+    class TempFile {
+    public:
+        TempFile(TempFile const&) = delete;
+        TempFile& operator=(TempFile const&) = delete;
+        TempFile(TempFile&&) = delete;
+        TempFile& operator=(TempFile&&) = delete;
+
+        TempFile();
+        ~TempFile();
+
+        std::FILE* getFile();
+        std::string getContents();
+
+    private:
+        std::FILE* m_file = nullptr;
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+        char m_buffer[L_tmpnam] = { 0 };
+    #endif
+    };
+
+    class OutputRedirect {
+    public:
+        OutputRedirect(OutputRedirect const&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect& operator=(OutputRedirect const&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect(OutputRedirect&&) = delete;
+        OutputRedirect& operator=(OutputRedirect&&) = delete;
+
+        OutputRedirect(std::string& stdout_dest, std::string& stderr_dest);
+        ~OutputRedirect();
+
     private:
-        std::streambuf* m_cerrBuf;
-        std::streambuf* m_clogBuf;
-        std::ostringstream m_oss;
-        std::string& m_targetString;
+        int m_originalStdout = -1;
+        int m_originalStderr = -1;
+        TempFile m_stdoutFile;
+        TempFile m_stderrFile;
+        std::string& m_stdoutDest;
+        std::string& m_stderrDest;
     };
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+#endif
+
+} // end namespace Catch
+
+#endif // TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_OUTPUT_REDIRECT_H
+// end catch_output_redirect.h
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <fstream>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <stdexcept>
+
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #include <io.h>      //_dup and _dup2
+    #define dup _dup
+    #define dup2 _dup2
+    #define fileno _fileno
+    #else
+    #include <unistd.h>  // dup and dup2
+    #endif
+#endif
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    RedirectedStream::RedirectedStream( std::ostream& originalStream, std::ostream& redirectionStream )
+    :   m_originalStream( originalStream ),
+        m_redirectionStream( redirectionStream ),
+        m_prevBuf( m_originalStream.rdbuf() )
+    {
+        m_originalStream.rdbuf( m_redirectionStream.rdbuf() );
+    }
+
+    RedirectedStream::~RedirectedStream() {
+        m_originalStream.rdbuf( m_prevBuf );
+    }
 
-    class RunContext : public IResultCapture, public IRunner {
+    RedirectedStdOut::RedirectedStdOut() : m_cout( Catch::cout(), m_rss.get() ) {}
+    auto RedirectedStdOut::str() const -> std::string { return m_rss.str(); }
 
-        RunContext( RunContext const& );
-        void operator =( RunContext const& );
+    RedirectedStdErr::RedirectedStdErr()
+    :   m_cerr( Catch::cerr(), m_rss.get() ),
+        m_clog( Catch::clog(), m_rss.get() )
+    {}
+    auto RedirectedStdErr::str() const -> std::string { return m_rss.str(); }
 
-    public:
+    RedirectedStreams::RedirectedStreams(std::string& redirectedCout, std::string& redirectedCerr)
+    :   m_redirectedCout(redirectedCout),
+        m_redirectedCerr(redirectedCerr)
+    {}
 
-        explicit RunContext( Ptr<IConfig const> const& _config, Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& reporter )
-        :   m_runInfo( _config->name() ),
-            m_context( getCurrentMutableContext() ),
-            m_activeTestCase( CATCH_NULL ),
-            m_config( _config ),
-            m_reporter( reporter ),
-            m_shouldReportUnexpected ( true )
-        {
-            m_context.setRunner( this );
-            m_context.setConfig( m_config );
-            m_context.setResultCapture( this );
-            m_reporter->testRunStarting( m_runInfo );
-        }
+    RedirectedStreams::~RedirectedStreams() {
+        m_redirectedCout += m_redirectedStdOut.str();
+        m_redirectedCerr += m_redirectedStdErr.str();
+    }
 
-        virtual ~RunContext() {
-            m_reporter->testRunEnded( TestRunStats( m_runInfo, m_totals, aborting() ) );
-        }
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
 
-        void testGroupStarting( std::string const& testSpec, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount ) {
-            m_reporter->testGroupStarting( GroupInfo( testSpec, groupIndex, groupsCount ) );
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    TempFile::TempFile() {
+        if (tmpnam_s(m_buffer)) {
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not get a temp filename");
+        }
+        if (fopen_s(&m_file, m_buffer, "w+")) {
+            char buffer[100];
+            if (strerror_s(buffer, errno)) {
+                CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not translate errno to a string");
+            }
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not open the temp file: '" << m_buffer << "' because: " << buffer);
         }
-        void testGroupEnded( std::string const& testSpec, Totals const& totals, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount ) {
-            m_reporter->testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats( GroupInfo( testSpec, groupIndex, groupsCount ), totals, aborting() ) );
+    }
+#else
+    TempFile::TempFile() {
+        m_file = std::tmpfile();
+        if (!m_file) {
+            CATCH_RUNTIME_ERROR("Could not create a temp file.");
         }
+    }
 
-        Totals runTest( TestCase const& testCase ) {
-            Totals prevTotals = m_totals;
+#endif
 
-            std::string redirectedCout;
-            std::string redirectedCerr;
+    TempFile::~TempFile() {
+         // TBD: What to do about errors here?
+         std::fclose(m_file);
+         // We manually create the file on Windows only, on Linux
+         // it will be autodeleted
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+         std::remove(m_buffer);
+#endif
+    }
 
-            TestCaseInfo testInfo = testCase.getTestCaseInfo();
+    FILE* TempFile::getFile() {
+        return m_file;
+    }
 
-            m_reporter->testCaseStarting( testInfo );
+    std::string TempFile::getContents() {
+        std::stringstream sstr;
+        char buffer[100] = {};
+        std::rewind(m_file);
+        while (std::fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), m_file)) {
+            sstr << buffer;
+        }
+        return sstr.str();
+    }
 
-            m_activeTestCase = &testCase;
+    OutputRedirect::OutputRedirect(std::string& stdout_dest, std::string& stderr_dest) :
+        m_originalStdout(dup(1)),
+        m_originalStderr(dup(2)),
+        m_stdoutDest(stdout_dest),
+        m_stderrDest(stderr_dest) {
+        dup2(fileno(m_stdoutFile.getFile()), 1);
+        dup2(fileno(m_stderrFile.getFile()), 2);
+    }
 
-            do {
-                ITracker& rootTracker = m_trackerContext.startRun();
-                assert( rootTracker.isSectionTracker() );
-                static_cast<SectionTracker&>( rootTracker ).addInitialFilters( m_config->getSectionsToRun() );
-                do {
-                    m_trackerContext.startCycle();
-                    m_testCaseTracker = &SectionTracker::acquire( m_trackerContext, TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation( testInfo.name, testInfo.lineInfo ) );
-                    runCurrentTest( redirectedCout, redirectedCerr );
-                }
-                while( !m_testCaseTracker->isSuccessfullyCompleted() && !aborting() );
-            }
-            // !TBD: deprecated - this will be replaced by indexed trackers
-            while( getCurrentContext().advanceGeneratorsForCurrentTest() && !aborting() );
+    OutputRedirect::~OutputRedirect() {
+        Catch::cout() << std::flush;
+        fflush(stdout);
+        // Since we support overriding these streams, we flush cerr
+        // even though std::cerr is unbuffered
+        Catch::cerr() << std::flush;
+        Catch::clog() << std::flush;
+        fflush(stderr);
 
-            Totals deltaTotals = m_totals.delta( prevTotals );
-            if( testInfo.expectedToFail() && deltaTotals.testCases.passed > 0 ) {
-                deltaTotals.assertions.failed++;
-                deltaTotals.testCases.passed--;
-                deltaTotals.testCases.failed++;
-            }
-            m_totals.testCases += deltaTotals.testCases;
-            m_reporter->testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats(   testInfo,
-                                                        deltaTotals,
-                                                        redirectedCout,
-                                                        redirectedCerr,
-                                                        aborting() ) );
+        dup2(m_originalStdout, 1);
+        dup2(m_originalStderr, 2);
 
-            m_activeTestCase = CATCH_NULL;
-            m_testCaseTracker = CATCH_NULL;
+        m_stdoutDest += m_stdoutFile.getContents();
+        m_stderrDest += m_stderrFile.getContents();
+    }
 
-            return deltaTotals;
-        }
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> config() const {
-            return m_config;
-        }
+} // namespace Catch
 
-    private: // IResultCapture
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NEW_CAPTURE)
+    #if defined(_MSC_VER)
+    #undef dup
+    #undef dup2
+    #undef fileno
+    #endif
+#endif
+// end catch_output_redirect.cpp
+// start catch_polyfills.cpp
 
-        virtual void assertionEnded( AssertionResult const& result ) {
-            if( result.getResultType() == ResultWas::Ok ) {
-                m_totals.assertions.passed++;
-            }
-            else if( !result.isOk() ) {
-                if( m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo().okToFail() )
-                    m_totals.assertions.failedButOk++;
-                else
-                    m_totals.assertions.failed++;
-            }
+#include <cmath>
 
-            // We have no use for the return value (whether messages should be cleared), because messages were made scoped
-            // and should be let to clear themselves out.
-            static_cast<void>(m_reporter->assertionEnded(AssertionStats(result, m_messages, m_totals)));
+namespace Catch {
 
-            // Reset working state
-            m_lastAssertionInfo = AssertionInfo( "", m_lastAssertionInfo.lineInfo, "{Unknown expression after the reported line}" , m_lastAssertionInfo.resultDisposition );
-            m_lastResult = result;
-        }
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_POLYFILL_ISNAN)
+    bool isnan(float f) {
+        return std::isnan(f);
+    }
+    bool isnan(double d) {
+        return std::isnan(d);
+    }
+#else
+    // For now we only use this for embarcadero
+    bool isnan(float f) {
+        return std::_isnan(f);
+    }
+    bool isnan(double d) {
+        return std::_isnan(d);
+    }
+#endif
 
-        virtual bool lastAssertionPassed()
-        {
-            return m_totals.assertions.passed == (m_prevPassed + 1);
-        }
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_polyfills.cpp
+// start catch_random_number_generator.cpp
 
-        virtual void assertionPassed()
-        {
-            m_totals.assertions.passed++;
-            m_lastAssertionInfo.capturedExpression = "{Unknown expression after the reported line}";
-            m_lastAssertionInfo.macroName = "";
-        }
+namespace Catch {
 
-        virtual void assertionRun()
-        {
-            m_prevPassed = m_totals.assertions.passed;
+namespace {
+
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4146) // we negate uint32 during the rotate
+#endif
+        // Safe rotr implementation thanks to John Regehr
+        uint32_t rotate_right(uint32_t val, uint32_t count) {
+            const uint32_t mask = 31;
+            count &= mask;
+            return (val >> count) | (val << (-count & mask));
         }
 
-        virtual bool sectionStarted (
-            SectionInfo const& sectionInfo,
-            Counts& assertions
-        )
-        {
-            ITracker& sectionTracker = SectionTracker::acquire( m_trackerContext, TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation( sectionInfo.name, sectionInfo.lineInfo ) );
-            if( !sectionTracker.isOpen() )
-                return false;
-            m_activeSections.push_back( &sectionTracker );
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
 
-            m_lastAssertionInfo.lineInfo = sectionInfo.lineInfo;
+}
 
-            m_reporter->sectionStarting( sectionInfo );
+    SimplePcg32::SimplePcg32(result_type seed_) {
+        seed(seed_);
+    }
 
-            assertions = m_totals.assertions;
+    void SimplePcg32::seed(result_type seed_) {
+        m_state = 0;
+        (*this)();
+        m_state += seed_;
+        (*this)();
+    }
 
-            return true;
-        }
-        bool testForMissingAssertions( Counts& assertions ) {
-            if( assertions.total() != 0 )
-                return false;
-            if( !m_config->warnAboutMissingAssertions() )
-                return false;
-            if( m_trackerContext.currentTracker().hasChildren() )
-                return false;
-            m_totals.assertions.failed++;
-            assertions.failed++;
-            return true;
+    void SimplePcg32::discard(uint64_t skip) {
+        // We could implement this to run in O(log n) steps, but this
+        // should suffice for our use case.
+        for (uint64_t s = 0; s < skip; ++s) {
+            static_cast<void>((*this)());
         }
+    }
 
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) {
-            Counts assertions = m_totals.assertions - endInfo.prevAssertions;
-            bool missingAssertions = testForMissingAssertions( assertions );
+    SimplePcg32::result_type SimplePcg32::operator()() {
+        // prepare the output value
+        const uint32_t xorshifted = static_cast<uint32_t>(((m_state >> 18u) ^ m_state) >> 27u);
+        const auto output = rotate_right(xorshifted, m_state >> 59u);
 
-            if( !m_activeSections.empty() ) {
-                m_activeSections.back()->close();
-                m_activeSections.pop_back();
-            }
+        // advance state
+        m_state = m_state * 6364136223846793005ULL + s_inc;
 
-            m_reporter->sectionEnded( SectionStats( endInfo.sectionInfo, assertions, endInfo.durationInSeconds, missingAssertions ) );
-            m_messages.clear();
-        }
+        return output;
+    }
 
-        virtual void sectionEndedEarly( SectionEndInfo const& endInfo ) {
-            if( m_unfinishedSections.empty() )
-                m_activeSections.back()->fail();
-            else
-                m_activeSections.back()->close();
-            m_activeSections.pop_back();
+    bool operator==(SimplePcg32 const& lhs, SimplePcg32 const& rhs) {
+        return lhs.m_state == rhs.m_state;
+    }
 
-            m_unfinishedSections.push_back( endInfo );
-        }
+    bool operator!=(SimplePcg32 const& lhs, SimplePcg32 const& rhs) {
+        return lhs.m_state != rhs.m_state;
+    }
+}
+// end catch_random_number_generator.cpp
+// start catch_registry_hub.cpp
 
-        virtual void pushScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) {
-            m_messages.push_back( message );
-        }
+// start catch_test_case_registry_impl.h
 
-        virtual void popScopedMessage( MessageInfo const& message ) {
-            m_messages.erase( std::remove( m_messages.begin(), m_messages.end(), message ), m_messages.end() );
-        }
+#include <vector>
+#include <set>
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <ios>
 
-        virtual std::string getCurrentTestName() const {
-            return m_activeTestCase
-                ? m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo().name
-                : std::string();
-        }
+namespace Catch {
 
-        virtual const AssertionResult* getLastResult() const {
-            return &m_lastResult;
-        }
+    class TestCase;
+    struct IConfig;
 
-        virtual void exceptionEarlyReported() {
-            m_shouldReportUnexpected = false;
-        }
+    std::vector<TestCase> sortTests( IConfig const& config, std::vector<TestCase> const& unsortedTestCases );
+
+    bool isThrowSafe( TestCase const& testCase, IConfig const& config );
+    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
 
-        virtual void handleFatalErrorCondition( std::string const& message ) {
-            // Don't rebuild the result -- the stringification itself can cause more fatal errors
-            // Instead, fake a result data.
-            AssertionResultData tempResult;
-            tempResult.resultType = ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition;
-            tempResult.message = message;
-            AssertionResult result(m_lastAssertionInfo, tempResult);
+    void enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( std::vector<TestCase> const& functions );
 
-            getResultCapture().assertionEnded(result);
+    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config );
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config );
 
-            handleUnfinishedSections();
+    class TestRegistry : public ITestCaseRegistry {
+    public:
+        virtual ~TestRegistry() = default;
 
-            // Recreate section for test case (as we will lose the one that was in scope)
-            TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
-            SectionInfo testCaseSection( testCaseInfo.lineInfo, testCaseInfo.name, testCaseInfo.description );
+        virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testCase );
 
-            Counts assertions;
-            assertions.failed = 1;
-            SectionStats testCaseSectionStats( testCaseSection, assertions, 0, false );
-            m_reporter->sectionEnded( testCaseSectionStats );
+        std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const override;
+        std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const override;
 
-            TestCaseInfo testInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
+    private:
+        std::vector<TestCase> m_functions;
+        mutable RunTests::InWhatOrder m_currentSortOrder = RunTests::InDeclarationOrder;
+        mutable std::vector<TestCase> m_sortedFunctions;
+        std::size_t m_unnamedCount = 0;
+        std::ios_base::Init m_ostreamInit; // Forces cout/ cerr to be initialised
+    };
 
-            Totals deltaTotals;
-            deltaTotals.testCases.failed = 1;
-            deltaTotals.assertions.failed = 1;
-            m_reporter->testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats(   testInfo,
-                                                        deltaTotals,
-                                                        std::string(),
-                                                        std::string(),
-                                                        false ) );
-            m_totals.testCases.failed++;
-            testGroupEnded( std::string(), m_totals, 1, 1 );
-            m_reporter->testRunEnded( TestRunStats( m_runInfo, m_totals, false ) );
-        }
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
+    class TestInvokerAsFunction : public ITestInvoker {
+        void(*m_testAsFunction)();
     public:
-        // !TBD We need to do this another way!
-        bool aborting() const {
-            return m_totals.assertions.failed == static_cast<std::size_t>( m_config->abortAfter() );
-        }
+        TestInvokerAsFunction( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept;
 
-    private:
+        void invoke() const override;
+    };
 
-        void runCurrentTest( std::string& redirectedCout, std::string& redirectedCerr ) {
-            TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
-            SectionInfo testCaseSection( testCaseInfo.lineInfo, testCaseInfo.name, testCaseInfo.description );
-            m_reporter->sectionStarting( testCaseSection );
-            Counts prevAssertions = m_totals.assertions;
-            double duration = 0;
-            m_shouldReportUnexpected = true;
-            try {
-                m_lastAssertionInfo = AssertionInfo( "TEST_CASE", testCaseInfo.lineInfo, "", ResultDisposition::Normal );
+    std::string extractClassName( StringRef const& classOrQualifiedMethodName );
 
-                seedRng( *m_config );
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-                Timer timer;
-                timer.start();
-                if( m_reporter->getPreferences().shouldRedirectStdOut ) {
-                    StreamRedirect coutRedir( Catch::cout(), redirectedCout );
-                    StdErrRedirect errRedir( redirectedCerr );
-                    invokeActiveTestCase();
-                }
-                else {
-                    invokeActiveTestCase();
-                }
-                duration = timer.getElapsedSeconds();
-            }
-            catch( TestFailureException& ) {
-                // This just means the test was aborted due to failure
-            }
-            catch(...) {
-                // Under CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE, unexpected exceptions under REQUIRE assertions
-                // are reported without translation at the point of origin.
-                if (m_shouldReportUnexpected) {
-                    makeUnexpectedResultBuilder().useActiveException();
-                }
-            }
-            m_testCaseTracker->close();
-            handleUnfinishedSections();
-            m_messages.clear();
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-            Counts assertions = m_totals.assertions - prevAssertions;
-            bool missingAssertions = testForMissingAssertions( assertions );
+// end catch_test_case_registry_impl.h
+// start catch_reporter_registry.h
 
-            SectionStats testCaseSectionStats( testCaseSection, assertions, duration, missingAssertions );
-            m_reporter->sectionEnded( testCaseSectionStats );
-        }
+#include <map>
 
-        void invokeActiveTestCase() {
-            FatalConditionHandler fatalConditionHandler; // Handle signals
-            m_activeTestCase->invoke();
-            fatalConditionHandler.reset();
-        }
+namespace Catch {
 
-    private:
+    class ReporterRegistry : public IReporterRegistry {
 
-        ResultBuilder makeUnexpectedResultBuilder() const {
-            return ResultBuilder(   m_lastAssertionInfo.macroName,
-                                    m_lastAssertionInfo.lineInfo,
-                                    m_lastAssertionInfo.capturedExpression,
-                                    m_lastAssertionInfo.resultDisposition );
-        }
+    public:
 
-        void handleUnfinishedSections() {
-            // If sections ended prematurely due to an exception we stored their
-            // infos here so we can tear them down outside the unwind process.
-            for( std::vector<SectionEndInfo>::const_reverse_iterator it = m_unfinishedSections.rbegin(),
-                        itEnd = m_unfinishedSections.rend();
-                    it != itEnd;
-                    ++it )
-                sectionEnded( *it );
-            m_unfinishedSections.clear();
-        }
+        ~ReporterRegistry() override;
 
-        TestRunInfo m_runInfo;
-        IMutableContext& m_context;
-        TestCase const* m_activeTestCase;
-        ITracker* m_testCaseTracker;
-        ITracker* m_currentSectionTracker;
-        AssertionResult m_lastResult;
+        IStreamingReporterPtr create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const override;
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> m_config;
-        Totals m_totals;
-        Ptr<IStreamingReporter> m_reporter;
-        std::vector<MessageInfo> m_messages;
-        AssertionInfo m_lastAssertionInfo;
-        std::vector<SectionEndInfo> m_unfinishedSections;
-        std::vector<ITracker*> m_activeSections;
-        TrackerContext m_trackerContext;
-        size_t m_prevPassed;
-        bool m_shouldReportUnexpected;
+        void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory );
+        void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory );
+
+        FactoryMap const& getFactories() const override;
+        Listeners const& getListeners() const override;
+
+    private:
+        FactoryMap m_factories;
+        Listeners m_listeners;
     };
+}
 
-    IResultCapture& getResultCapture() {
-        if( IResultCapture* capture = getCurrentContext().getResultCapture() )
-            return *capture;
-        else
-            throw std::logic_error( "No result capture instance" );
-    }
+// end catch_reporter_registry.h
+// start catch_tag_alias_registry.h
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+// start catch_tag_alias.h
 
-// #included from: internal/catch_version.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_VERSION_H_INCLUDED
+#include <string>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    // Versioning information
-    struct Version {
-        Version(    unsigned int _majorVersion,
-                    unsigned int _minorVersion,
-                    unsigned int _patchNumber,
-                    char const * const _branchName,
-                    unsigned int _buildNumber );
+    struct TagAlias {
+        TagAlias(std::string const& _tag, SourceLineInfo _lineInfo);
 
-        unsigned int const majorVersion;
-        unsigned int const minorVersion;
-        unsigned int const patchNumber;
+        std::string tag;
+        SourceLineInfo lineInfo;
+    };
 
-        // buildNumber is only used if branchName is not null
-        char const * const branchName;
-        unsigned int const buildNumber;
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Version const& version );
+// end catch_tag_alias.h
+#include <map>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    class TagAliasRegistry : public ITagAliasRegistry {
+    public:
+        ~TagAliasRegistry() override;
+        TagAlias const* find( std::string const& alias ) const override;
+        std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const override;
+        void add( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
 
     private:
-        void operator=( Version const& );
+        std::map<std::string, TagAlias> m_registry;
     };
 
-    inline Version libraryVersion();
-}
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-#include <fstream>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <limits>
+// end catch_tag_alias_registry.h
+// start catch_startup_exception_registry.h
 
-namespace Catch {
+#include <vector>
+#include <exception>
 
-    Ptr<IStreamingReporter> createReporter( std::string const& reporterName, Ptr<Config> const& config ) {
-        Ptr<IStreamingReporter> reporter = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().create( reporterName, config.get() );
-        if( !reporter ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << "No reporter registered with name: '" << reporterName << "'";
-            throw std::domain_error( oss.str() );
-        }
-        return reporter;
-    }
+namespace Catch {
 
-#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER)
-#define CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER "console"
+    class StartupExceptionRegistry {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+    public:
+        void add(std::exception_ptr const& exception) noexcept;
+        std::vector<std::exception_ptr> const& getExceptions() const noexcept;
+    private:
+        std::vector<std::exception_ptr> m_exceptions;
 #endif
+    };
 
-    Ptr<IStreamingReporter> makeReporter( Ptr<Config> const& config ) {
-        std::vector<std::string> reporters = config->getReporterNames();
-        if( reporters.empty() )
-            reporters.push_back( CATCH_CONFIG_DEFAULT_REPORTER );
-
-        Ptr<IStreamingReporter> reporter;
-        for( std::vector<std::string>::const_iterator it = reporters.begin(), itEnd = reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            reporter = addReporter( reporter, createReporter( *it, config ) );
-        return reporter;
-    }
-    Ptr<IStreamingReporter> addListeners( Ptr<IConfig const> const& config, Ptr<IStreamingReporter> reporters ) {
-        IReporterRegistry::Listeners listeners = getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getListeners();
-        for( IReporterRegistry::Listeners::const_iterator it = listeners.begin(), itEnd = listeners.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            reporters = addReporter(reporters, (*it)->create( ReporterConfig( config ) ) );
-        return reporters;
-    }
-
-    Totals runTests( Ptr<Config> const& config ) {
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> iconfig = config.get();
+// end catch_startup_exception_registry.h
+// start catch_singletons.hpp
 
-        Ptr<IStreamingReporter> reporter = makeReporter( config );
-        reporter = addListeners( iconfig, reporter );
+namespace Catch {
 
-        RunContext context( iconfig, reporter );
+    struct ISingleton {
+        virtual ~ISingleton();
+    };
 
-        Totals totals;
+    void addSingleton( ISingleton* singleton );
+    void cleanupSingletons();
 
-        context.testGroupStarting( config->name(), 1, 1 );
+    template<typename SingletonImplT, typename InterfaceT = SingletonImplT, typename MutableInterfaceT = InterfaceT>
+    class Singleton : SingletonImplT, public ISingleton {
 
-        TestSpec testSpec = config->testSpec();
-        if( !testSpec.hasFilters() )
-            testSpec = TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( "~[.]" ).testSpec(); // All not hidden tests
+        static auto getInternal() -> Singleton* {
+            static Singleton* s_instance = nullptr;
+            if( !s_instance ) {
+                s_instance = new Singleton;
+                addSingleton( s_instance );
+            }
+            return s_instance;
+        }
 
-        std::vector<TestCase> const& allTestCases = getAllTestCasesSorted( *iconfig );
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = allTestCases.begin(), itEnd = allTestCases.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it ) {
-            if( !context.aborting() && matchTest( *it, testSpec, *iconfig ) )
-                totals += context.runTest( *it );
-            else
-                reporter->skipTest( *it );
+    public:
+        static auto get() -> InterfaceT const& {
+            return *getInternal();
+        }
+        static auto getMutable() -> MutableInterfaceT& {
+            return *getInternal();
         }
+    };
 
-        context.testGroupEnded( iconfig->name(), totals, 1, 1 );
-        return totals;
-    }
+} // namespace Catch
 
-    void applyFilenamesAsTags( IConfig const& config ) {
-        std::vector<TestCase> const& tests = getAllTestCasesSorted( config );
-        for(std::size_t i = 0; i < tests.size(); ++i ) {
-            TestCase& test = const_cast<TestCase&>( tests[i] );
-            std::set<std::string> tags = test.tags;
+// end catch_singletons.hpp
+namespace Catch {
 
-            std::string filename = test.lineInfo.file;
-            std::string::size_type lastSlash = filename.find_last_of( "\\/" );
-            if( lastSlash != std::string::npos )
-                filename = filename.substr( lastSlash+1 );
+    namespace {
 
-            std::string::size_type lastDot = filename.find_last_of( '.' );
-            if( lastDot != std::string::npos )
-                filename = filename.substr( 0, lastDot );
+        class RegistryHub : public IRegistryHub, public IMutableRegistryHub,
+                            private NonCopyable {
 
-            tags.insert( '#' + filename );
-            setTags( test, tags );
-        }
-    }
+        public: // IRegistryHub
+            RegistryHub() = default;
+            IReporterRegistry const& getReporterRegistry() const override {
+                return m_reporterRegistry;
+            }
+            ITestCaseRegistry const& getTestCaseRegistry() const override {
+                return m_testCaseRegistry;
+            }
+            IExceptionTranslatorRegistry const& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() const override {
+                return m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+            }
+            ITagAliasRegistry const& getTagAliasRegistry() const override {
+                return m_tagAliasRegistry;
+            }
+            StartupExceptionRegistry const& getStartupExceptionRegistry() const override {
+                return m_exceptionRegistry;
+            }
 
-    class Session : NonCopyable {
-        static bool alreadyInstantiated;
+        public: // IMutableRegistryHub
+            void registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) override {
+                m_reporterRegistry.registerReporter( name, factory );
+            }
+            void registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) override {
+                m_reporterRegistry.registerListener( factory );
+            }
+            void registerTest( TestCase const& testInfo ) override {
+                m_testCaseRegistry.registerTest( testInfo );
+            }
+            void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) override {
+                m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry.registerTranslator( translator );
+            }
+            void registerTagAlias( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) override {
+                m_tagAliasRegistry.add( alias, tag, lineInfo );
+            }
+            void registerStartupException() noexcept override {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+                m_exceptionRegistry.add(std::current_exception());
+#else
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Attempted to register active exception under CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS!");
+#endif
+            }
+            IMutableEnumValuesRegistry& getMutableEnumValuesRegistry() override {
+                return m_enumValuesRegistry;
+            }
 
-    public:
+        private:
+            TestRegistry m_testCaseRegistry;
+            ReporterRegistry m_reporterRegistry;
+            ExceptionTranslatorRegistry m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
+            TagAliasRegistry m_tagAliasRegistry;
+            StartupExceptionRegistry m_exceptionRegistry;
+            Detail::EnumValuesRegistry m_enumValuesRegistry;
+        };
+    }
 
-        struct OnUnusedOptions { enum DoWhat { Ignore, Fail }; };
+    using RegistryHubSingleton = Singleton<RegistryHub, IRegistryHub, IMutableRegistryHub>;
 
-        Session()
-        : m_cli( makeCommandLineParser() ) {
-            if( alreadyInstantiated ) {
-                std::string msg = "Only one instance of Catch::Session can ever be used";
-                Catch::cerr() << msg << std::endl;
-                throw std::logic_error( msg );
-            }
-            alreadyInstantiated = true;
-        }
-        ~Session() {
-            Catch::cleanUp();
-        }
+    IRegistryHub const& getRegistryHub() {
+        return RegistryHubSingleton::get();
+    }
+    IMutableRegistryHub& getMutableRegistryHub() {
+        return RegistryHubSingleton::getMutable();
+    }
+    void cleanUp() {
+        cleanupSingletons();
+        cleanUpContext();
+    }
+    std::string translateActiveException() {
+        return getRegistryHub().getExceptionTranslatorRegistry().translateActiveException();
+    }
 
-        void showHelp( std::string const& processName ) {
-            Catch::cout() << "\nCatch v" << libraryVersion() << "\n";
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_registry_hub.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_registry.cpp
 
-            m_cli.usage( Catch::cout(), processName );
-            Catch::cout() << "For more detail usage please see the project docs\n" << std::endl;
-        }
-        void libIdentify() {
-            Catch::cout()
-                    << std::left << std::setw(16) << "description: " << "A Catch test executable\n"
-                    << std::left << std::setw(16) << "category: " << "testframework\n"
-                    << std::left << std::setw(16) << "framework: " << "Catch Test\n"
-                    << std::left << std::setw(16) << "version: " << libraryVersion() << std::endl;
-        }
-
-        int applyCommandLine( int argc, char const* const* const argv, OnUnusedOptions::DoWhat unusedOptionBehaviour = OnUnusedOptions::Fail ) {
-            try {
-                m_cli.setThrowOnUnrecognisedTokens( unusedOptionBehaviour == OnUnusedOptions::Fail );
-                m_unusedTokens = m_cli.parseInto( Clara::argsToVector( argc, argv ), m_configData );
-                if( m_configData.showHelp )
-                    showHelp( m_configData.processName );
-                if( m_configData.libIdentify )
-                    libIdentify();
-                m_config.reset();
-            }
-            catch( std::exception& ex ) {
-                {
-                    Colour colourGuard( Colour::Red );
-                    Catch::cerr()
-                        << "\nError(s) in input:\n"
-                        << Text( ex.what(), TextAttributes().setIndent(2) )
-                        << "\n\n";
-                }
-                m_cli.usage( Catch::cout(), m_configData.processName );
-                return (std::numeric_limits<int>::max)();
-            }
-            return 0;
-        }
+namespace Catch {
 
-        void useConfigData( ConfigData const& _configData ) {
-            m_configData = _configData;
-            m_config.reset();
-        }
+    ReporterRegistry::~ReporterRegistry() = default;
 
-        int run( int argc, char const* const* const argv ) {
+    IStreamingReporterPtr ReporterRegistry::create( std::string const& name, IConfigPtr const& config ) const {
+        auto it =  m_factories.find( name );
+        if( it == m_factories.end() )
+            return nullptr;
+        return it->second->create( ReporterConfig( config ) );
+    }
 
-            int returnCode = applyCommandLine( argc, argv );
-            if( returnCode == 0 )
-                returnCode = run();
-            return returnCode;
-        }
+    void ReporterRegistry::registerReporter( std::string const& name, IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) {
+        m_factories.emplace(name, factory);
+    }
+    void ReporterRegistry::registerListener( IReporterFactoryPtr const& factory ) {
+        m_listeners.push_back( factory );
+    }
 
-    #if defined(WIN32) && defined(UNICODE)
-        int run( int argc, wchar_t const* const* const argv ) {
+    IReporterRegistry::FactoryMap const& ReporterRegistry::getFactories() const {
+        return m_factories;
+    }
+    IReporterRegistry::Listeners const& ReporterRegistry::getListeners() const {
+        return m_listeners;
+    }
 
-            char **utf8Argv = new char *[ argc ];
+}
+// end catch_reporter_registry.cpp
+// start catch_result_type.cpp
 
-            for ( int i = 0; i < argc; ++i ) {
-                int bufSize = WideCharToMultiByte( CP_UTF8, 0, argv[i], -1, NULL, 0, NULL, NULL );
+namespace Catch {
 
-                utf8Argv[ i ] = new char[ bufSize ];
+    bool isOk( ResultWas::OfType resultType ) {
+        return ( resultType & ResultWas::FailureBit ) == 0;
+    }
+    bool isJustInfo( int flags ) {
+        return flags == ResultWas::Info;
+    }
 
-                WideCharToMultiByte( CP_UTF8, 0, argv[i], -1, utf8Argv[i], bufSize, NULL, NULL );
-            }
+    ResultDisposition::Flags operator | ( ResultDisposition::Flags lhs, ResultDisposition::Flags rhs ) {
+        return static_cast<ResultDisposition::Flags>( static_cast<int>( lhs ) | static_cast<int>( rhs ) );
+    }
 
-            int returnCode = applyCommandLine( argc, utf8Argv );
-            if( returnCode == 0 )
-                returnCode = run();
+    bool shouldContinueOnFailure( int flags )    { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::ContinueOnFailure ) != 0; }
+    bool shouldSuppressFailure( int flags )      { return ( flags & ResultDisposition::SuppressFail ) != 0; }
 
-            for ( int i = 0; i < argc; ++i )
-                delete [] utf8Argv[ i ];
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_result_type.cpp
+// start catch_run_context.cpp
 
-            delete [] utf8Argv;
+#include <cassert>
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <sstream>
 
-            return returnCode;
-        }
-    #endif
+namespace Catch {
 
-        int run() {
-            if( ( m_configData.waitForKeypress & WaitForKeypress::BeforeStart ) != 0 ) {
-                Catch::cout() << "...waiting for enter/ return before starting" << std::endl;
-                static_cast<void>(std::getchar());
-            }
-            int exitCode = runInternal();
-            if( ( m_configData.waitForKeypress & WaitForKeypress::BeforeExit ) != 0 ) {
-                Catch::cout() << "...waiting for enter/ return before exiting, with code: " << exitCode << std::endl;
-                static_cast<void>(std::getchar());
-            }
-            return exitCode;
-        }
+    namespace Generators {
+        struct GeneratorTracker : TestCaseTracking::TrackerBase, IGeneratorTracker {
+            GeneratorBasePtr m_generator;
 
-        Clara::CommandLine<ConfigData> const& cli() const {
-            return m_cli;
-        }
-        std::vector<Clara::Parser::Token> const& unusedTokens() const {
-            return m_unusedTokens;
-        }
-        ConfigData& configData() {
-            return m_configData;
-        }
-        Config& config() {
-            if( !m_config )
-                m_config = new Config( m_configData );
-            return *m_config;
-        }
-    private:
+            GeneratorTracker( TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent )
+            :   TrackerBase( nameAndLocation, ctx, parent )
+            {}
+            ~GeneratorTracker();
+
+            static GeneratorTracker& acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) {
+                std::shared_ptr<GeneratorTracker> tracker;
+
+                ITracker& currentTracker = ctx.currentTracker();
+                // Under specific circumstances, the generator we want
+                // to acquire is also the current tracker. If this is
+                // the case, we have to avoid looking through current
+                // tracker's children, and instead return the current
+                // tracker.
+                // A case where this check is important is e.g.
+                //     for (int i = 0; i < 5; ++i) {
+                //         int n = GENERATE(1, 2);
+                //     }
+                //
+                // without it, the code above creates 5 nested generators.
+                if (currentTracker.nameAndLocation() == nameAndLocation) {
+                    auto thisTracker = currentTracker.parent().findChild(nameAndLocation);
+                    assert(thisTracker);
+                    assert(thisTracker->isGeneratorTracker());
+                    tracker = std::static_pointer_cast<GeneratorTracker>(thisTracker);
+                } else if ( TestCaseTracking::ITrackerPtr childTracker = currentTracker.findChild( nameAndLocation ) ) {
+                    assert( childTracker );
+                    assert( childTracker->isGeneratorTracker() );
+                    tracker = std::static_pointer_cast<GeneratorTracker>( childTracker );
+                } else {
+                    tracker = std::make_shared<GeneratorTracker>( nameAndLocation, ctx, &currentTracker );
+                    currentTracker.addChild( tracker );
+                }
 
-        int runInternal() {
-            if( m_configData.showHelp || m_configData.libIdentify )
-                return 0;
+                if( !tracker->isComplete() ) {
+                    tracker->open();
+                }
 
-            try
-            {
-                config(); // Force config to be constructed
+                return *tracker;
+            }
 
-                seedRng( *m_config );
+            // TrackerBase interface
+            bool isGeneratorTracker() const override { return true; }
+            auto hasGenerator() const -> bool override {
+                return !!m_generator;
+            }
+            void close() override {
+                TrackerBase::close();
+                // If a generator has a child (it is followed by a section)
+                // and none of its children have started, then we must wait
+                // until later to start consuming its values.
+                // This catches cases where `GENERATE` is placed between two
+                // `SECTION`s.
+                // **The check for m_children.empty cannot be removed**.
+                // doing so would break `GENERATE` _not_ followed by `SECTION`s.
+                const bool should_wait_for_child = [&]() {
+                    // No children -> nobody to wait for
+                    if ( m_children.empty() ) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
+                    // If at least one child started executing, don't wait
+                    if ( std::find_if(
+                             m_children.begin(),
+                             m_children.end(),
+                             []( TestCaseTracking::ITrackerPtr tracker ) {
+                                 return tracker->hasStarted();
+                             } ) != m_children.end() ) {
+                        return false;
+                    }
 
-                if( m_configData.filenamesAsTags )
-                    applyFilenamesAsTags( *m_config );
+                    // No children have started. We need to check if they _can_
+                    // start, and thus we should wait for them, or they cannot
+                    // start (due to filters), and we shouldn't wait for them
+                    auto* parent = m_parent;
+                    // This is safe: there is always at least one section
+                    // tracker in a test case tracking tree
+                    while ( !parent->isSectionTracker() ) {
+                        parent = &( parent->parent() );
+                    }
+                    assert( parent &&
+                            "Missing root (test case) level section" );
+
+                    auto const& parentSection =
+                        static_cast<SectionTracker&>( *parent );
+                    auto const& filters = parentSection.getFilters();
+                    // No filters -> no restrictions on running sections
+                    if ( filters.empty() ) {
+                        return true;
+                    }
 
-                // Handle list request
-                if( Option<std::size_t> listed = list( config() ) )
-                    return static_cast<int>( *listed );
+                    for ( auto const& child : m_children ) {
+                        if ( child->isSectionTracker() &&
+                             std::find( filters.begin(),
+                                        filters.end(),
+                                        static_cast<SectionTracker&>( *child )
+                                            .trimmedName() ) !=
+                                 filters.end() ) {
+                            return true;
+                        }
+                    }
+                    return false;
+                }();
+
+                // This check is a bit tricky, because m_generator->next()
+                // has a side-effect, where it consumes generator's current
+                // value, but we do not want to invoke the side-effect if
+                // this generator is still waiting for any child to start.
+                if ( should_wait_for_child ||
+                     ( m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully &&
+                       m_generator->next() ) ) {
+                    m_children.clear();
+                    m_runState = Executing;
+                }
+            }
 
-                return static_cast<int>( runTests( m_config ).assertions.failed );
+            // IGeneratorTracker interface
+            auto getGenerator() const -> GeneratorBasePtr const& override {
+                return m_generator;
             }
-            catch( std::exception& ex ) {
-                Catch::cerr() << ex.what() << std::endl;
-                return (std::numeric_limits<int>::max)();
+            void setGenerator( GeneratorBasePtr&& generator ) override {
+                m_generator = std::move( generator );
             }
-        }
+        };
+        GeneratorTracker::~GeneratorTracker() {}
+    }
 
-        Clara::CommandLine<ConfigData> m_cli;
-        std::vector<Clara::Parser::Token> m_unusedTokens;
-        ConfigData m_configData;
-        Ptr<Config> m_config;
-    };
+    RunContext::RunContext(IConfigPtr const& _config, IStreamingReporterPtr&& reporter)
+    :   m_runInfo(_config->name()),
+        m_context(getCurrentMutableContext()),
+        m_config(_config),
+        m_reporter(std::move(reporter)),
+        m_lastAssertionInfo{ StringRef(), SourceLineInfo("",0), StringRef(), ResultDisposition::Normal },
+        m_includeSuccessfulResults( m_config->includeSuccessfulResults() || m_reporter->getPreferences().shouldReportAllAssertions )
+    {
+        m_context.setRunner(this);
+        m_context.setConfig(m_config);
+        m_context.setResultCapture(this);
+        m_reporter->testRunStarting(m_runInfo);
+    }
 
-    bool Session::alreadyInstantiated = false;
+    RunContext::~RunContext() {
+        m_reporter->testRunEnded(TestRunStats(m_runInfo, m_totals, aborting()));
+    }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    void RunContext::testGroupStarting(std::string const& testSpec, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount) {
+        m_reporter->testGroupStarting(GroupInfo(testSpec, groupIndex, groupsCount));
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_registry_hub.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REGISTRY_HUB_HPP_INCLUDED
+    void RunContext::testGroupEnded(std::string const& testSpec, Totals const& totals, std::size_t groupIndex, std::size_t groupsCount) {
+        m_reporter->testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats(GroupInfo(testSpec, groupIndex, groupsCount), totals, aborting()));
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_test_case_registry_impl.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_CASE_REGISTRY_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
+    Totals RunContext::runTest(TestCase const& testCase) {
+        Totals prevTotals = m_totals;
 
-#include <vector>
-#include <set>
-#include <sstream>
-#include <algorithm>
+        std::string redirectedCout;
+        std::string redirectedCerr;
 
-namespace Catch {
+        auto const& testInfo = testCase.getTestCaseInfo();
 
-    struct RandomNumberGenerator {
-        typedef unsigned int result_type;
+        m_reporter->testCaseStarting(testInfo);
 
-        result_type operator()( result_type n ) const { return std::rand() % n; }
+        m_activeTestCase = &testCase;
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE
-        static constexpr result_type (min)() { return 0; }
-        static constexpr result_type (max)() { return 1000000; }
-        result_type operator()() const { return std::rand() % (max)(); }
-#endif
-        template<typename V>
-        static void shuffle( V& vector ) {
-            RandomNumberGenerator rng;
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_SHUFFLE
-            std::shuffle( vector.begin(), vector.end(), rng );
-#else
-            std::random_shuffle( vector.begin(), vector.end(), rng );
-#endif
+        ITracker& rootTracker = m_trackerContext.startRun();
+        assert(rootTracker.isSectionTracker());
+        static_cast<SectionTracker&>(rootTracker).addInitialFilters(m_config->getSectionsToRun());
+        do {
+            m_trackerContext.startCycle();
+            m_testCaseTracker = &SectionTracker::acquire(m_trackerContext, TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation(testInfo.name, testInfo.lineInfo));
+            runCurrentTest(redirectedCout, redirectedCerr);
+        } while (!m_testCaseTracker->isSuccessfullyCompleted() && !aborting());
+
+        Totals deltaTotals = m_totals.delta(prevTotals);
+        if (testInfo.expectedToFail() && deltaTotals.testCases.passed > 0) {
+            deltaTotals.assertions.failed++;
+            deltaTotals.testCases.passed--;
+            deltaTotals.testCases.failed++;
         }
-    };
+        m_totals.testCases += deltaTotals.testCases;
+        m_reporter->testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats(testInfo,
+                                  deltaTotals,
+                                  redirectedCout,
+                                  redirectedCerr,
+                                  aborting()));
 
-    inline std::vector<TestCase> sortTests( IConfig const& config, std::vector<TestCase> const& unsortedTestCases ) {
+        m_activeTestCase = nullptr;
+        m_testCaseTracker = nullptr;
 
-        std::vector<TestCase> sorted = unsortedTestCases;
+        return deltaTotals;
+    }
 
-        switch( config.runOrder() ) {
-            case RunTests::InLexicographicalOrder:
-                std::sort( sorted.begin(), sorted.end() );
-                break;
-            case RunTests::InRandomOrder:
-                {
-                    seedRng( config );
-                    RandomNumberGenerator::shuffle( sorted );
-                }
-                break;
-            case RunTests::InDeclarationOrder:
-                // already in declaration order
-                break;
-        }
-        return sorted;
+    IConfigPtr RunContext::config() const {
+        return m_config;
     }
-    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config ) {
-        return testSpec.matches( testCase ) && ( config.allowThrows() || !testCase.throws() );
+
+    IStreamingReporter& RunContext::reporter() const {
+        return *m_reporter;
     }
 
-    void enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( std::vector<TestCase> const& functions ) {
-        std::set<TestCase> seenFunctions;
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = functions.begin(), itEnd = functions.end();
-            it != itEnd;
-            ++it ) {
-            std::pair<std::set<TestCase>::const_iterator, bool> prev = seenFunctions.insert( *it );
-            if( !prev.second ) {
-                std::ostringstream ss;
+    void RunContext::assertionEnded(AssertionResult const & result) {
+        if (result.getResultType() == ResultWas::Ok) {
+            m_totals.assertions.passed++;
+            m_lastAssertionPassed = true;
+        } else if (!result.isOk()) {
+            m_lastAssertionPassed = false;
+            if( m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo().okToFail() )
+                m_totals.assertions.failedButOk++;
+            else
+                m_totals.assertions.failed++;
+        }
+        else {
+            m_lastAssertionPassed = true;
+        }
 
-                ss  << Colour( Colour::Red )
-                    << "error: TEST_CASE( \"" << it->name << "\" ) already defined.\n"
-                    << "\tFirst seen at " << prev.first->getTestCaseInfo().lineInfo << '\n'
-                    << "\tRedefined at " << it->getTestCaseInfo().lineInfo << std::endl;
+        // We have no use for the return value (whether messages should be cleared), because messages were made scoped
+        // and should be let to clear themselves out.
+        static_cast<void>(m_reporter->assertionEnded(AssertionStats(result, m_messages, m_totals)));
 
-                throw std::runtime_error(ss.str());
-            }
-        }
-    }
+        if (result.getResultType() != ResultWas::Warning)
+            m_messageScopes.clear();
 
-    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config ) {
-        std::vector<TestCase> filtered;
-        filtered.reserve( testCases.size() );
-        for( std::vector<TestCase>::const_iterator it = testCases.begin(), itEnd = testCases.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            if( matchTest( *it, testSpec, config ) )
-                filtered.push_back( *it );
-        return filtered;
+        // Reset working state
+        resetAssertionInfo();
+        m_lastResult = result;
     }
-    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config ) {
-        return getRegistryHub().getTestCaseRegistry().getAllTestsSorted( config );
+    void RunContext::resetAssertionInfo() {
+        m_lastAssertionInfo.macroName = StringRef();
+        m_lastAssertionInfo.capturedExpression = "{Unknown expression after the reported line}"_sr;
     }
 
-    class TestRegistry : public ITestCaseRegistry {
-    public:
-        TestRegistry()
-        :   m_currentSortOrder( RunTests::InDeclarationOrder ),
-            m_unnamedCount( 0 )
-        {}
-        virtual ~TestRegistry();
-
-        virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testCase ) {
-            std::string name = testCase.getTestCaseInfo().name;
-            if( name.empty() ) {
-                std::ostringstream oss;
-                oss << "Anonymous test case " << ++m_unnamedCount;
-                return registerTest( testCase.withName( oss.str() ) );
-            }
-            m_functions.push_back( testCase );
-        }
+    bool RunContext::sectionStarted(SectionInfo const & sectionInfo, Counts & assertions) {
+        ITracker& sectionTracker = SectionTracker::acquire(m_trackerContext, TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation(sectionInfo.name, sectionInfo.lineInfo));
+        if (!sectionTracker.isOpen())
+            return false;
+        m_activeSections.push_back(&sectionTracker);
 
-        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTests() const {
-            return m_functions;
-        }
-        virtual std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const {
-            if( m_sortedFunctions.empty() )
-                enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( m_functions );
+        m_lastAssertionInfo.lineInfo = sectionInfo.lineInfo;
 
-            if(  m_currentSortOrder != config.runOrder() || m_sortedFunctions.empty() ) {
-                m_sortedFunctions = sortTests( config, m_functions );
-                m_currentSortOrder = config.runOrder();
-            }
-            return m_sortedFunctions;
-        }
+        m_reporter->sectionStarting(sectionInfo);
 
-    private:
-        std::vector<TestCase> m_functions;
-        mutable RunTests::InWhatOrder m_currentSortOrder;
-        mutable std::vector<TestCase> m_sortedFunctions;
-        size_t m_unnamedCount;
-        std::ios_base::Init m_ostreamInit; // Forces cout/ cerr to be initialised
-    };
+        assertions = m_totals.assertions;
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+        return true;
+    }
+    auto RunContext::acquireGeneratorTracker( StringRef generatorName, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) -> IGeneratorTracker& {
+        using namespace Generators;
+        GeneratorTracker& tracker = GeneratorTracker::acquire(m_trackerContext,
+                                                              TestCaseTracking::NameAndLocation( static_cast<std::string>(generatorName), lineInfo ) );
+        m_lastAssertionInfo.lineInfo = lineInfo;
+        return tracker;
+    }
 
-    class FreeFunctionTestCase : public SharedImpl<ITestCase> {
-    public:
+    bool RunContext::testForMissingAssertions(Counts& assertions) {
+        if (assertions.total() != 0)
+            return false;
+        if (!m_config->warnAboutMissingAssertions())
+            return false;
+        if (m_trackerContext.currentTracker().hasChildren())
+            return false;
+        m_totals.assertions.failed++;
+        assertions.failed++;
+        return true;
+    }
 
-        FreeFunctionTestCase( TestFunction fun ) : m_fun( fun ) {}
+    void RunContext::sectionEnded(SectionEndInfo const & endInfo) {
+        Counts assertions = m_totals.assertions - endInfo.prevAssertions;
+        bool missingAssertions = testForMissingAssertions(assertions);
 
-        virtual void invoke() const {
-            m_fun();
+        if (!m_activeSections.empty()) {
+            m_activeSections.back()->close();
+            m_activeSections.pop_back();
         }
 
-    private:
-        virtual ~FreeFunctionTestCase();
+        m_reporter->sectionEnded(SectionStats(endInfo.sectionInfo, assertions, endInfo.durationInSeconds, missingAssertions));
+        m_messages.clear();
+        m_messageScopes.clear();
+    }
 
-        TestFunction m_fun;
-    };
+    void RunContext::sectionEndedEarly(SectionEndInfo const & endInfo) {
+        if (m_unfinishedSections.empty())
+            m_activeSections.back()->fail();
+        else
+            m_activeSections.back()->close();
+        m_activeSections.pop_back();
 
-    inline std::string extractClassName( std::string const& classOrQualifiedMethodName ) {
-        std::string className = classOrQualifiedMethodName;
-        if( startsWith( className, '&' ) )
-        {
-            std::size_t lastColons = className.rfind( "::" );
-            std::size_t penultimateColons = className.rfind( "::", lastColons-1 );
-            if( penultimateColons == std::string::npos )
-                penultimateColons = 1;
-            className = className.substr( penultimateColons, lastColons-penultimateColons );
-        }
-        return className;
+        m_unfinishedSections.push_back(endInfo);
     }
 
-    void registerTestCase
-        (   ITestCase* testCase,
-            char const* classOrQualifiedMethodName,
-            NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc,
-            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) {
-
-        getMutableRegistryHub().registerTest
-            ( makeTestCase
-                (   testCase,
-                    extractClassName( classOrQualifiedMethodName ),
-                    nameAndDesc.name,
-                    nameAndDesc.description,
-                    lineInfo ) );
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+    void RunContext::benchmarkPreparing(std::string const& name) {
+        m_reporter->benchmarkPreparing(name);
     }
-    void registerTestCaseFunction
-        (   TestFunction function,
-            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-            NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc ) {
-        registerTestCase( new FreeFunctionTestCase( function ), "", nameAndDesc, lineInfo );
+    void RunContext::benchmarkStarting( BenchmarkInfo const& info ) {
+        m_reporter->benchmarkStarting( info );
     }
+    void RunContext::benchmarkEnded( BenchmarkStats<> const& stats ) {
+        m_reporter->benchmarkEnded( stats );
+    }
+    void RunContext::benchmarkFailed(std::string const & error) {
+        m_reporter->benchmarkFailed(error);
+    }
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    void RunContext::pushScopedMessage(MessageInfo const & message) {
+        m_messages.push_back(message);
+    }
 
-    AutoReg::AutoReg
-        (   TestFunction function,
-            SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-            NameAndDesc const& nameAndDesc ) {
-        registerTestCaseFunction( function, lineInfo, nameAndDesc );
+    void RunContext::popScopedMessage(MessageInfo const & message) {
+        m_messages.erase(std::remove(m_messages.begin(), m_messages.end(), message), m_messages.end());
     }
 
-    AutoReg::~AutoReg() {}
+    void RunContext::emplaceUnscopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder ) {
+        m_messageScopes.emplace_back( builder );
+    }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    std::string RunContext::getCurrentTestName() const {
+        return m_activeTestCase
+            ? m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo().name
+            : std::string();
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_reporter_registry.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_REGISTRY_HPP_INCLUDED
+    const AssertionResult * RunContext::getLastResult() const {
+        return &(*m_lastResult);
+    }
 
-#include <map>
+    void RunContext::exceptionEarlyReported() {
+        m_shouldReportUnexpected = false;
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    void RunContext::handleFatalErrorCondition( StringRef message ) {
+        // First notify reporter that bad things happened
+        m_reporter->fatalErrorEncountered(message);
 
-    class ReporterRegistry : public IReporterRegistry {
+        // Don't rebuild the result -- the stringification itself can cause more fatal errors
+        // Instead, fake a result data.
+        AssertionResultData tempResult( ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition, { false } );
+        tempResult.message = static_cast<std::string>(message);
+        AssertionResult result(m_lastAssertionInfo, tempResult);
 
-    public:
+        assertionEnded(result);
 
-        virtual ~ReporterRegistry() CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+        handleUnfinishedSections();
 
-        virtual IStreamingReporter* create( std::string const& name, Ptr<IConfig const> const& config ) const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            FactoryMap::const_iterator it =  m_factories.find( name );
-            if( it == m_factories.end() )
-                return CATCH_NULL;
-            return it->second->create( ReporterConfig( config ) );
-        }
+        // Recreate section for test case (as we will lose the one that was in scope)
+        auto const& testCaseInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
+        SectionInfo testCaseSection(testCaseInfo.lineInfo, testCaseInfo.name);
 
-        void registerReporter( std::string const& name, Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) {
-            m_factories.insert( std::make_pair( name, factory ) );
-        }
-        void registerListener( Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) {
-            m_listeners.push_back( factory );
-        }
+        Counts assertions;
+        assertions.failed = 1;
+        SectionStats testCaseSectionStats(testCaseSection, assertions, 0, false);
+        m_reporter->sectionEnded(testCaseSectionStats);
 
-        virtual FactoryMap const& getFactories() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_factories;
-        }
-        virtual Listeners const& getListeners() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_listeners;
-        }
+        auto const& testInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
 
-    private:
-        FactoryMap m_factories;
-        Listeners m_listeners;
-    };
-}
+        Totals deltaTotals;
+        deltaTotals.testCases.failed = 1;
+        deltaTotals.assertions.failed = 1;
+        m_reporter->testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats(testInfo,
+                                  deltaTotals,
+                                  std::string(),
+                                  std::string(),
+                                  false));
+        m_totals.testCases.failed++;
+        testGroupEnded(std::string(), m_totals, 1, 1);
+        m_reporter->testRunEnded(TestRunStats(m_runInfo, m_totals, false));
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_exception_translator_registry.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_EXCEPTION_TRANSLATOR_REGISTRY_HPP_INCLUDED
+    bool RunContext::lastAssertionPassed() {
+         return m_lastAssertionPassed;
+    }
 
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-#import "Foundation/Foundation.h"
-#endif
+    void RunContext::assertionPassed() {
+        m_lastAssertionPassed = true;
+        ++m_totals.assertions.passed;
+        resetAssertionInfo();
+        m_messageScopes.clear();
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    bool RunContext::aborting() const {
+        return m_totals.assertions.failed >= static_cast<std::size_t>(m_config->abortAfter());
+    }
 
-    class ExceptionTranslatorRegistry : public IExceptionTranslatorRegistry {
-    public:
-        ~ExceptionTranslatorRegistry() {
-            deleteAll( m_translators );
-        }
+    void RunContext::runCurrentTest(std::string & redirectedCout, std::string & redirectedCerr) {
+        auto const& testCaseInfo = m_activeTestCase->getTestCaseInfo();
+        SectionInfo testCaseSection(testCaseInfo.lineInfo, testCaseInfo.name);
+        m_reporter->sectionStarting(testCaseSection);
+        Counts prevAssertions = m_totals.assertions;
+        double duration = 0;
+        m_shouldReportUnexpected = true;
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = { "TEST_CASE"_sr, testCaseInfo.lineInfo, StringRef(), ResultDisposition::Normal };
 
-        virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) {
-            m_translators.push_back( translator );
-        }
+        seedRng(*m_config);
 
-        virtual std::string translateActiveException() const {
-            try {
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-                // In Objective-C try objective-c exceptions first
-                @try {
-                    return tryTranslators();
-                }
-                @catch (NSException *exception) {
-                    return Catch::toString( [exception description] );
-                }
+        Timer timer;
+        CATCH_TRY {
+            if (m_reporter->getPreferences().shouldRedirectStdOut) {
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL_REDIRECT)
+                RedirectedStreams redirectedStreams(redirectedCout, redirectedCerr);
+
+                timer.start();
+                invokeActiveTestCase();
 #else
-                return tryTranslators();
+                OutputRedirect r(redirectedCout, redirectedCerr);
+                timer.start();
+                invokeActiveTestCase();
 #endif
+            } else {
+                timer.start();
+                invokeActiveTestCase();
             }
-            catch( TestFailureException& ) {
-                throw;
-            }
-            catch( std::exception& ex ) {
-                return ex.what();
-            }
-            catch( std::string& msg ) {
-                return msg;
-            }
-            catch( const char* msg ) {
-                return msg;
-            }
-            catch(...) {
-                return "Unknown exception";
+            duration = timer.getElapsedSeconds();
+        } CATCH_CATCH_ANON (TestFailureException&) {
+            // This just means the test was aborted due to failure
+        } CATCH_CATCH_ALL {
+            // Under CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE, unexpected exceptions under REQUIRE assertions
+            // are reported without translation at the point of origin.
+            if( m_shouldReportUnexpected ) {
+                AssertionReaction dummyReaction;
+                handleUnexpectedInflightException( m_lastAssertionInfo, translateActiveException(), dummyReaction );
             }
         }
+        Counts assertions = m_totals.assertions - prevAssertions;
+        bool missingAssertions = testForMissingAssertions(assertions);
 
-        std::string tryTranslators() const {
-            if( m_translators.empty() )
-                throw;
-            else
-                return m_translators[0]->translate( m_translators.begin()+1, m_translators.end() );
-        }
-
-    private:
-        std::vector<const IExceptionTranslator*> m_translators;
-    };
-}
+        m_testCaseTracker->close();
+        handleUnfinishedSections();
+        m_messages.clear();
+        m_messageScopes.clear();
 
-// #included from: catch_tag_alias_registry.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TAG_ALIAS_REGISTRY_H_INCLUDED
+        SectionStats testCaseSectionStats(testCaseSection, assertions, duration, missingAssertions);
+        m_reporter->sectionEnded(testCaseSectionStats);
+    }
 
-#include <map>
+    void RunContext::invokeActiveTestCase() {
+        FatalConditionHandler fatalConditionHandler; // Handle signals
+        m_activeTestCase->invoke();
+        fatalConditionHandler.reset();
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    void RunContext::handleUnfinishedSections() {
+        // If sections ended prematurely due to an exception we stored their
+        // infos here so we can tear them down outside the unwind process.
+        for (auto it = m_unfinishedSections.rbegin(),
+             itEnd = m_unfinishedSections.rend();
+             it != itEnd;
+             ++it)
+            sectionEnded(*it);
+        m_unfinishedSections.clear();
+    }
 
-    class TagAliasRegistry : public ITagAliasRegistry {
-    public:
-        virtual ~TagAliasRegistry();
-        virtual Option<TagAlias> find( std::string const& alias ) const;
-        virtual std::string expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const;
-        void add( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo );
+    void RunContext::handleExpr(
+        AssertionInfo const& info,
+        ITransientExpression const& expr,
+        AssertionReaction& reaction
+    ) {
+        m_reporter->assertionStarting( info );
 
-    private:
-        std::map<std::string, TagAlias> m_registry;
-    };
+        bool negated = isFalseTest( info.resultDisposition );
+        bool result = expr.getResult() != negated;
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+        if( result ) {
+            if (!m_includeSuccessfulResults) {
+                assertionPassed();
+            }
+            else {
+                reportExpr(info, ResultWas::Ok, &expr, negated);
+            }
+        }
+        else {
+            reportExpr(info, ResultWas::ExpressionFailed, &expr, negated );
+            populateReaction( reaction );
+        }
+    }
+    void RunContext::reportExpr(
+            AssertionInfo const &info,
+            ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+            ITransientExpression const *expr,
+            bool negated ) {
 
-namespace Catch {
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = info;
+        AssertionResultData data( resultType, LazyExpression( negated ) );
 
-    namespace {
+        AssertionResult assertionResult{ info, data };
+        assertionResult.m_resultData.lazyExpression.m_transientExpression = expr;
 
-        class RegistryHub : public IRegistryHub, public IMutableRegistryHub {
+        assertionEnded( assertionResult );
+    }
 
-            RegistryHub( RegistryHub const& );
-            void operator=( RegistryHub const& );
+    void RunContext::handleMessage(
+            AssertionInfo const& info,
+            ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+            StringRef const& message,
+            AssertionReaction& reaction
+    ) {
+        m_reporter->assertionStarting( info );
 
-        public: // IRegistryHub
-            RegistryHub() {
-            }
-            virtual IReporterRegistry const& getReporterRegistry() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return m_reporterRegistry;
-            }
-            virtual ITestCaseRegistry const& getTestCaseRegistry() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return m_testCaseRegistry;
-            }
-            virtual IExceptionTranslatorRegistry& getExceptionTranslatorRegistry() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
-            }
-            virtual ITagAliasRegistry const& getTagAliasRegistry() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                return m_tagAliasRegistry;
-            }
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = info;
 
-        public: // IMutableRegistryHub
-            virtual void registerReporter( std::string const& name, Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                m_reporterRegistry.registerReporter( name, factory );
-            }
-            virtual void registerListener( Ptr<IReporterFactory> const& factory ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                m_reporterRegistry.registerListener( factory );
-            }
-            virtual void registerTest( TestCase const& testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                m_testCaseRegistry.registerTest( testInfo );
-            }
-            virtual void registerTranslator( const IExceptionTranslator* translator ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry.registerTranslator( translator );
-            }
-            virtual void registerTagAlias( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-                m_tagAliasRegistry.add( alias, tag, lineInfo );
-            }
+        AssertionResultData data( resultType, LazyExpression( false ) );
+        data.message = static_cast<std::string>(message);
+        AssertionResult assertionResult{ m_lastAssertionInfo, data };
+        assertionEnded( assertionResult );
+        if( !assertionResult.isOk() )
+            populateReaction( reaction );
+    }
+    void RunContext::handleUnexpectedExceptionNotThrown(
+            AssertionInfo const& info,
+            AssertionReaction& reaction
+    ) {
+        handleNonExpr(info, Catch::ResultWas::DidntThrowException, reaction);
+    }
 
-        private:
-            TestRegistry m_testCaseRegistry;
-            ReporterRegistry m_reporterRegistry;
-            ExceptionTranslatorRegistry m_exceptionTranslatorRegistry;
-            TagAliasRegistry m_tagAliasRegistry;
-        };
+    void RunContext::handleUnexpectedInflightException(
+            AssertionInfo const& info,
+            std::string const& message,
+            AssertionReaction& reaction
+    ) {
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = info;
 
-        // Single, global, instance
-        inline RegistryHub*& getTheRegistryHub() {
-            static RegistryHub* theRegistryHub = CATCH_NULL;
-            if( !theRegistryHub )
-                theRegistryHub = new RegistryHub();
-            return theRegistryHub;
-        }
+        AssertionResultData data( ResultWas::ThrewException, LazyExpression( false ) );
+        data.message = message;
+        AssertionResult assertionResult{ info, data };
+        assertionEnded( assertionResult );
+        populateReaction( reaction );
     }
 
-    IRegistryHub& getRegistryHub() {
-        return *getTheRegistryHub();
+    void RunContext::populateReaction( AssertionReaction& reaction ) {
+        reaction.shouldDebugBreak = m_config->shouldDebugBreak();
+        reaction.shouldThrow = aborting() || (m_lastAssertionInfo.resultDisposition & ResultDisposition::Normal);
     }
-    IMutableRegistryHub& getMutableRegistryHub() {
-        return *getTheRegistryHub();
+
+    void RunContext::handleIncomplete(
+            AssertionInfo const& info
+    ) {
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = info;
+
+        AssertionResultData data( ResultWas::ThrewException, LazyExpression( false ) );
+        data.message = "Exception translation was disabled by CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE";
+        AssertionResult assertionResult{ info, data };
+        assertionEnded( assertionResult );
     }
-    void cleanUp() {
-        delete getTheRegistryHub();
-        getTheRegistryHub() = CATCH_NULL;
-        cleanUpContext();
+    void RunContext::handleNonExpr(
+            AssertionInfo const &info,
+            ResultWas::OfType resultType,
+            AssertionReaction &reaction
+    ) {
+        m_lastAssertionInfo = info;
+
+        AssertionResultData data( resultType, LazyExpression( false ) );
+        AssertionResult assertionResult{ info, data };
+        assertionEnded( assertionResult );
+
+        if( !assertionResult.isOk() )
+            populateReaction( reaction );
     }
-    std::string translateActiveException() {
-        return getRegistryHub().getExceptionTranslatorRegistry().translateActiveException();
+
+    IResultCapture& getResultCapture() {
+        if (auto* capture = getCurrentContext().getResultCapture())
+            return *capture;
+        else
+            CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("No result capture instance");
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    void seedRng(IConfig const& config) {
+        if (config.rngSeed() != 0) {
+            std::srand(config.rngSeed());
+            rng().seed(config.rngSeed());
+        }
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_notimplemented_exception.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_NOTIMPLEMENTED_EXCEPTION_HPP_INCLUDED
+    unsigned int rngSeed() {
+        return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->rngSeed();
+    }
 
-#include <sstream>
+}
+// end catch_run_context.cpp
+// start catch_section.cpp
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    NotImplementedException::NotImplementedException( SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo )
-    :   m_lineInfo( lineInfo ) {
-        std::ostringstream oss;
-        oss << lineInfo << ": function ";
-        oss << "not implemented";
-        m_what = oss.str();
+    Section::Section( SectionInfo const& info )
+    :   m_info( info ),
+        m_sectionIncluded( getResultCapture().sectionStarted( m_info, m_assertions ) )
+    {
+        m_timer.start();
+    }
+
+    Section::~Section() {
+        if( m_sectionIncluded ) {
+            SectionEndInfo endInfo{ m_info, m_assertions, m_timer.getElapsedSeconds() };
+            if( uncaught_exceptions() )
+                getResultCapture().sectionEndedEarly( endInfo );
+            else
+                getResultCapture().sectionEnded( endInfo );
+        }
     }
 
-    const char* NotImplementedException::what() const CATCH_NOEXCEPT {
-        return m_what.c_str();
+    // This indicates whether the section should be executed or not
+    Section::operator bool() const {
+        return m_sectionIncluded;
     }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_section.cpp
+// start catch_section_info.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    SectionInfo::SectionInfo
+        (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
+            std::string const& _name )
+    :   name( _name ),
+        lineInfo( _lineInfo )
+    {}
 
-// #included from: catch_context_impl.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CONTEXT_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_section_info.cpp
+// start catch_session.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_stream.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_STREAM_HPP_INCLUDED
+// start catch_session.h
 
-#include <stdexcept>
-#include <cstdio>
-#include <iostream>
+#include <memory>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    template<typename WriterF, size_t bufferSize=256>
-    class StreamBufImpl : public StreamBufBase {
-        char data[bufferSize];
-        WriterF m_writer;
-
+    class Session : NonCopyable {
     public:
-        StreamBufImpl() {
-            setp( data, data + sizeof(data) );
-        }
 
-        ~StreamBufImpl() CATCH_NOEXCEPT {
-            sync();
-        }
-
-    private:
-        int overflow( int c ) {
-            sync();
+        Session();
+        ~Session() override;
 
-            if( c != EOF ) {
-                if( pbase() == epptr() )
-                    m_writer( std::string( 1, static_cast<char>( c ) ) );
-                else
-                    sputc( static_cast<char>( c ) );
-            }
-            return 0;
-        }
+        void showHelp() const;
+        void libIdentify();
 
-        int sync() {
-            if( pbase() != pptr() ) {
-                m_writer( std::string( pbase(), static_cast<std::string::size_type>( pptr() - pbase() ) ) );
-                setp( pbase(), epptr() );
-            }
-            return 0;
-        }
-    };
+        int applyCommandLine( int argc, char const * const * argv );
+    #if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR) && defined(_WIN32) && defined(UNICODE)
+        int applyCommandLine( int argc, wchar_t const * const * argv );
+    #endif
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+        void useConfigData( ConfigData const& configData );
 
-    FileStream::FileStream( std::string const& filename ) {
-        m_ofs.open( filename.c_str() );
-        if( m_ofs.fail() ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << "Unable to open file: '" << filename << '\'';
-            throw std::domain_error( oss.str() );
+        template<typename CharT>
+        int run(int argc, CharT const * const argv[]) {
+            if (m_startupExceptions)
+                return 1;
+            int returnCode = applyCommandLine(argc, argv);
+            if (returnCode == 0)
+                returnCode = run();
+            return returnCode;
         }
-    }
 
-    std::ostream& FileStream::stream() const {
-        return m_ofs;
-    }
+        int run();
 
-    struct OutputDebugWriter {
+        clara::Parser const& cli() const;
+        void cli( clara::Parser const& newParser );
+        ConfigData& configData();
+        Config& config();
+    private:
+        int runInternal();
 
-        void operator()( std::string const&str ) {
-            writeToDebugConsole( str );
-        }
+        clara::Parser m_cli;
+        ConfigData m_configData;
+        std::shared_ptr<Config> m_config;
+        bool m_startupExceptions = false;
     };
 
-    DebugOutStream::DebugOutStream()
-    :   m_streamBuf( new StreamBufImpl<OutputDebugWriter>() ),
-        m_os( m_streamBuf.get() )
-    {}
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-    std::ostream& DebugOutStream::stream() const {
-        return m_os;
-    }
+// end catch_session.h
+// start catch_version.h
 
-    // Store the streambuf from cout up-front because
-    // cout may get redirected when running tests
-    CoutStream::CoutStream()
-    :   m_os( Catch::cout().rdbuf() )
-    {}
+#include <iosfwd>
 
-    std::ostream& CoutStream::stream() const {
-        return m_os;
-    }
+namespace Catch {
 
-#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_NOSTDOUT // If you #define this you must implement these functions
-    std::ostream& cout() {
-        return std::cout;
-    }
-    std::ostream& cerr() {
-        return std::cerr;
-    }
-    std::ostream& clog() {
-        return std::clog;
-    }
-#endif
+    // Versioning information
+    struct Version {
+        Version( Version const& ) = delete;
+        Version& operator=( Version const& ) = delete;
+        Version(    unsigned int _majorVersion,
+                    unsigned int _minorVersion,
+                    unsigned int _patchNumber,
+                    char const * const _branchName,
+                    unsigned int _buildNumber );
+
+        unsigned int const majorVersion;
+        unsigned int const minorVersion;
+        unsigned int const patchNumber;
+
+        // buildNumber is only used if branchName is not null
+        char const * const branchName;
+        unsigned int const buildNumber;
+
+        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Version const& version );
+    };
+
+    Version const& libraryVersion();
 }
 
+// end catch_version.h
+#include <cstdlib>
+#include <iomanip>
+#include <set>
+#include <iterator>
+
 namespace Catch {
 
-    class Context : public IMutableContext {
+    namespace {
+        const int MaxExitCode = 255;
 
-        Context() : m_config( CATCH_NULL ), m_runner( CATCH_NULL ), m_resultCapture( CATCH_NULL ) {}
-        Context( Context const& );
-        void operator=( Context const& );
+        IStreamingReporterPtr createReporter(std::string const& reporterName, IConfigPtr const& config) {
+            auto reporter = Catch::getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().create(reporterName, config);
+            CATCH_ENFORCE(reporter, "No reporter registered with name: '" << reporterName << "'");
 
-    public:
-        virtual ~Context() {
-            deleteAllValues( m_generatorsByTestName );
+            return reporter;
         }
 
-    public: // IContext
-        virtual IResultCapture* getResultCapture() {
-            return m_resultCapture;
-        }
-        virtual IRunner* getRunner() {
-            return m_runner;
-        }
-        virtual size_t getGeneratorIndex( std::string const& fileInfo, size_t totalSize ) {
-            return getGeneratorsForCurrentTest()
-            .getGeneratorInfo( fileInfo, totalSize )
-            .getCurrentIndex();
-        }
-        virtual bool advanceGeneratorsForCurrentTest() {
-            IGeneratorsForTest* generators = findGeneratorsForCurrentTest();
-            return generators && generators->moveNext();
-        }
+        IStreamingReporterPtr makeReporter(std::shared_ptr<Config> const& config) {
+            if (Catch::getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getListeners().empty()) {
+                return createReporter(config->getReporterName(), config);
+            }
 
-        virtual Ptr<IConfig const> getConfig() const {
-            return m_config;
+            // On older platforms, returning std::unique_ptr<ListeningReporter>
+            // when the return type is std::unique_ptr<IStreamingReporter>
+            // doesn't compile without a std::move call. However, this causes
+            // a warning on newer platforms. Thus, we have to work around
+            // it a bit and downcast the pointer manually.
+            auto ret = std::unique_ptr<IStreamingReporter>(new ListeningReporter);
+            auto& multi = static_cast<ListeningReporter&>(*ret);
+            auto const& listeners = Catch::getRegistryHub().getReporterRegistry().getListeners();
+            for (auto const& listener : listeners) {
+                multi.addListener(listener->create(Catch::ReporterConfig(config)));
+            }
+            multi.addReporter(createReporter(config->getReporterName(), config));
+            return ret;
         }
 
-    public: // IMutableContext
-        virtual void setResultCapture( IResultCapture* resultCapture ) {
-            m_resultCapture = resultCapture;
-        }
-        virtual void setRunner( IRunner* runner ) {
-            m_runner = runner;
-        }
-        virtual void setConfig( Ptr<IConfig const> const& config ) {
-            m_config = config;
-        }
+        class TestGroup {
+        public:
+            explicit TestGroup(std::shared_ptr<Config> const& config)
+            : m_config{config}
+            , m_context{config, makeReporter(config)}
+            {
+                auto const& allTestCases = getAllTestCasesSorted(*m_config);
+                m_matches = m_config->testSpec().matchesByFilter(allTestCases, *m_config);
+                auto const& invalidArgs = m_config->testSpec().getInvalidArgs();
+
+                if (m_matches.empty() && invalidArgs.empty()) {
+                    for (auto const& test : allTestCases)
+                        if (!test.isHidden())
+                            m_tests.emplace(&test);
+                } else {
+                    for (auto const& match : m_matches)
+                        m_tests.insert(match.tests.begin(), match.tests.end());
+                }
+            }
 
-        friend IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext();
+            Totals execute() {
+                auto const& invalidArgs = m_config->testSpec().getInvalidArgs();
+                Totals totals;
+                m_context.testGroupStarting(m_config->name(), 1, 1);
+                for (auto const& testCase : m_tests) {
+                    if (!m_context.aborting())
+                        totals += m_context.runTest(*testCase);
+                    else
+                        m_context.reporter().skipTest(*testCase);
+                }
 
-    private:
-        IGeneratorsForTest* findGeneratorsForCurrentTest() {
-            std::string testName = getResultCapture()->getCurrentTestName();
+                for (auto const& match : m_matches) {
+                    if (match.tests.empty()) {
+                        m_context.reporter().noMatchingTestCases(match.name);
+                        totals.error = -1;
+                    }
+                }
 
-            std::map<std::string, IGeneratorsForTest*>::const_iterator it =
-                m_generatorsByTestName.find( testName );
-            return it != m_generatorsByTestName.end()
-                ? it->second
-                : CATCH_NULL;
-        }
+                if (!invalidArgs.empty()) {
+                    for (auto const& invalidArg: invalidArgs)
+                         m_context.reporter().reportInvalidArguments(invalidArg);
+                }
 
-        IGeneratorsForTest& getGeneratorsForCurrentTest() {
-            IGeneratorsForTest* generators = findGeneratorsForCurrentTest();
-            if( !generators ) {
-                std::string testName = getResultCapture()->getCurrentTestName();
-                generators = createGeneratorsForTest();
-                m_generatorsByTestName.insert( std::make_pair( testName, generators ) );
+                m_context.testGroupEnded(m_config->name(), totals, 1, 1);
+                return totals;
             }
-            return *generators;
-        }
 
-    private:
-        Ptr<IConfig const> m_config;
-        IRunner* m_runner;
-        IResultCapture* m_resultCapture;
-        std::map<std::string, IGeneratorsForTest*> m_generatorsByTestName;
-    };
+        private:
+            using Tests = std::set<TestCase const*>;
 
-    namespace {
-        Context* currentContext = CATCH_NULL;
-    }
-    IMutableContext& getCurrentMutableContext() {
-        if( !currentContext )
-            currentContext = new Context();
-        return *currentContext;
-    }
-    IContext& getCurrentContext() {
-        return getCurrentMutableContext();
-    }
+            std::shared_ptr<Config> m_config;
+            RunContext m_context;
+            Tests m_tests;
+            TestSpec::Matches m_matches;
+        };
 
-    void cleanUpContext() {
-        delete currentContext;
-        currentContext = CATCH_NULL;
-    }
-}
+        void applyFilenamesAsTags(Catch::IConfig const& config) {
+            auto& tests = const_cast<std::vector<TestCase>&>(getAllTestCasesSorted(config));
+            for (auto& testCase : tests) {
+                auto tags = testCase.tags;
 
-// #included from: catch_console_colour_impl.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_CONSOLE_COLOUR_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
+                std::string filename = testCase.lineInfo.file;
+                auto lastSlash = filename.find_last_of("\\/");
+                if (lastSlash != std::string::npos) {
+                    filename.erase(0, lastSlash);
+                    filename[0] = '#';
+                }
 
-// #included from: catch_errno_guard.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_ERRNO_GUARD_HPP_INCLUDED
+                auto lastDot = filename.find_last_of('.');
+                if (lastDot != std::string::npos) {
+                    filename.erase(lastDot);
+                }
 
-#include <cerrno>
+                tags.push_back(std::move(filename));
+                setTags(testCase, tags);
+            }
+        }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    } // anon namespace
 
-    class ErrnoGuard {
-    public:
-        ErrnoGuard():m_oldErrno(errno){}
-        ~ErrnoGuard() { errno = m_oldErrno; }
-    private:
-        int m_oldErrno;
-    };
+    Session::Session() {
+        static bool alreadyInstantiated = false;
+        if( alreadyInstantiated ) {
+            CATCH_TRY { CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Only one instance of Catch::Session can ever be used" ); }
+            CATCH_CATCH_ALL { getMutableRegistryHub().registerStartupException(); }
+        }
+
+        // There cannot be exceptions at startup in no-exception mode.
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+        const auto& exceptions = getRegistryHub().getStartupExceptionRegistry().getExceptions();
+        if ( !exceptions.empty() ) {
+            config();
+            getCurrentMutableContext().setConfig(m_config);
+
+            m_startupExceptions = true;
+            Colour colourGuard( Colour::Red );
+            Catch::cerr() << "Errors occurred during startup!" << '\n';
+            // iterate over all exceptions and notify user
+            for ( const auto& ex_ptr : exceptions ) {
+                try {
+                    std::rethrow_exception(ex_ptr);
+                } catch ( std::exception const& ex ) {
+                    Catch::cerr() << Column( ex.what() ).indent(2) << '\n';
+                }
+            }
+        }
+#endif
 
-}
+        alreadyInstantiated = true;
+        m_cli = makeCommandLineParser( m_configData );
+    }
+    Session::~Session() {
+        Catch::cleanUp();
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
-    namespace {
+    void Session::showHelp() const {
+        Catch::cout()
+                << "\nCatch v" << libraryVersion() << "\n"
+                << m_cli << std::endl
+                << "For more detailed usage please see the project docs\n" << std::endl;
+    }
+    void Session::libIdentify() {
+        Catch::cout()
+                << std::left << std::setw(16) << "description: " << "A Catch2 test executable\n"
+                << std::left << std::setw(16) << "category: " << "testframework\n"
+                << std::left << std::setw(16) << "framework: " << "Catch Test\n"
+                << std::left << std::setw(16) << "version: " << libraryVersion() << std::endl;
+    }
 
-        struct IColourImpl {
-            virtual ~IColourImpl() {}
-            virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) = 0;
-        };
+    int Session::applyCommandLine( int argc, char const * const * argv ) {
+        if( m_startupExceptions )
+            return 1;
 
-        struct NoColourImpl : IColourImpl {
-            void use( Colour::Code ) {}
+        auto result = m_cli.parse( clara::Args( argc, argv ) );
+        if( !result ) {
+            config();
+            getCurrentMutableContext().setConfig(m_config);
+            Catch::cerr()
+                << Colour( Colour::Red )
+                << "\nError(s) in input:\n"
+                << Column( result.errorMessage() ).indent( 2 )
+                << "\n\n";
+            Catch::cerr() << "Run with -? for usage\n" << std::endl;
+            return MaxExitCode;
+        }
 
-            static IColourImpl* instance() {
-                static NoColourImpl s_instance;
-                return &s_instance;
-            }
-        };
+        if( m_configData.showHelp )
+            showHelp();
+        if( m_configData.libIdentify )
+            libIdentify();
+        m_config.reset();
+        return 0;
+    }
 
-    } // anon namespace
-} // namespace Catch
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR) && defined(_WIN32) && defined(UNICODE)
+    int Session::applyCommandLine( int argc, wchar_t const * const * argv ) {
 
-#if !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_NONE ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) && !defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI )
-#   ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
-#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS
-#   else
-#       define CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI
-#   endif
-#endif
+        char **utf8Argv = new char *[ argc ];
 
-#if defined ( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_WINDOWS ) /////////////////////////////////////////
+        for ( int i = 0; i < argc; ++i ) {
+            int bufSize = WideCharToMultiByte( CP_UTF8, 0, argv[i], -1, nullptr, 0, nullptr, nullptr );
 
-namespace Catch {
-namespace {
+            utf8Argv[ i ] = new char[ bufSize ];
 
-    class Win32ColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
-    public:
-        Win32ColourImpl() : stdoutHandle( GetStdHandle(STD_OUTPUT_HANDLE) )
-        {
-            CONSOLE_SCREEN_BUFFER_INFO csbiInfo;
-            GetConsoleScreenBufferInfo( stdoutHandle, &csbiInfo );
-            originalForegroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( BACKGROUND_GREEN | BACKGROUND_RED | BACKGROUND_BLUE | BACKGROUND_INTENSITY );
-            originalBackgroundAttributes = csbiInfo.wAttributes & ~( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
+            WideCharToMultiByte( CP_UTF8, 0, argv[i], -1, utf8Argv[i], bufSize, nullptr, nullptr );
         }
 
-        virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) {
-            switch( _colourCode ) {
-                case Colour::None:      return setTextAttribute( originalForegroundAttributes );
-                case Colour::White:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
-                case Colour::Red:       return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED );
-                case Colour::Green:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_GREEN );
-                case Colour::Blue:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE );
-                case Colour::Cyan:      return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_BLUE | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
-                case Colour::Yellow:    return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
-                case Colour::Grey:      return setTextAttribute( 0 );
+        int returnCode = applyCommandLine( argc, utf8Argv );
 
-                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY );
-                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_RED );
-                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN );
-                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setTextAttribute( FOREGROUND_INTENSITY | FOREGROUND_GREEN | FOREGROUND_RED | FOREGROUND_BLUE );
+        for ( int i = 0; i < argc; ++i )
+            delete [] utf8Argv[ i ];
 
-                case Colour::Bright: throw std::logic_error( "not a colour" );
-            }
-        }
+        delete [] utf8Argv;
 
-    private:
-        void setTextAttribute( WORD _textAttribute ) {
-            SetConsoleTextAttribute( stdoutHandle, _textAttribute | originalBackgroundAttributes );
-        }
-        HANDLE stdoutHandle;
-        WORD originalForegroundAttributes;
-        WORD originalBackgroundAttributes;
-    };
+        return returnCode;
+    }
+#endif
 
-    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
-        static Win32ColourImpl s_instance;
+    void Session::useConfigData( ConfigData const& configData ) {
+        m_configData = configData;
+        m_config.reset();
+    }
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
-        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
-            ? config->useColour()
-            : UseColour::Auto;
-        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
-            colourMode = !isDebuggerActive()
-                ? UseColour::Yes
-                : UseColour::No;
-        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
-            ? &s_instance
-            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+    int Session::run() {
+        if( ( m_configData.waitForKeypress & WaitForKeypress::BeforeStart ) != 0 ) {
+            Catch::cout() << "...waiting for enter/ return before starting" << std::endl;
+            static_cast<void>(std::getchar());
+        }
+        int exitCode = runInternal();
+        if( ( m_configData.waitForKeypress & WaitForKeypress::BeforeExit ) != 0 ) {
+            Catch::cout() << "...waiting for enter/ return before exiting, with code: " << exitCode << std::endl;
+            static_cast<void>(std::getchar());
+        }
+        return exitCode;
+    }
+
+    clara::Parser const& Session::cli() const {
+        return m_cli;
+    }
+    void Session::cli( clara::Parser const& newParser ) {
+        m_cli = newParser;
+    }
+    ConfigData& Session::configData() {
+        return m_configData;
+    }
+    Config& Session::config() {
+        if( !m_config )
+            m_config = std::make_shared<Config>( m_configData );
+        return *m_config;
     }
 
-} // end anon namespace
-} // end namespace Catch
+    int Session::runInternal() {
+        if( m_startupExceptions )
+            return 1;
 
-#elif defined( CATCH_CONFIG_COLOUR_ANSI ) //////////////////////////////////////
+        if (m_configData.showHelp || m_configData.libIdentify) {
+            return 0;
+        }
 
-#include <unistd.h>
+        CATCH_TRY {
+            config(); // Force config to be constructed
 
-namespace Catch {
-namespace {
+            seedRng( *m_config );
 
-    // use POSIX/ ANSI console terminal codes
-    // Thanks to Adam Strzelecki for original contribution
-    // (http://github.com/nanoant)
-    // https://github.com/philsquared/Catch/pull/131
-    class PosixColourImpl : public IColourImpl {
-    public:
-        virtual void use( Colour::Code _colourCode ) {
-            switch( _colourCode ) {
-                case Colour::None:
-                case Colour::White:     return setColour( "[0m" );
-                case Colour::Red:       return setColour( "[0;31m" );
-                case Colour::Green:     return setColour( "[0;32m" );
-                case Colour::Blue:      return setColour( "[0;34m" );
-                case Colour::Cyan:      return setColour( "[0;36m" );
-                case Colour::Yellow:    return setColour( "[0;33m" );
-                case Colour::Grey:      return setColour( "[1;30m" );
+            if( m_configData.filenamesAsTags )
+                applyFilenamesAsTags( *m_config );
 
-                case Colour::LightGrey:     return setColour( "[0;37m" );
-                case Colour::BrightRed:     return setColour( "[1;31m" );
-                case Colour::BrightGreen:   return setColour( "[1;32m" );
-                case Colour::BrightWhite:   return setColour( "[1;37m" );
+            // Handle list request
+            if( Option<std::size_t> listed = list( m_config ) )
+                return static_cast<int>( *listed );
 
-                case Colour::Bright: throw std::logic_error( "not a colour" );
-            }
-        }
-        static IColourImpl* instance() {
-            static PosixColourImpl s_instance;
-            return &s_instance;
-        }
+            TestGroup tests { m_config };
+            auto const totals = tests.execute();
 
-    private:
-        void setColour( const char* _escapeCode ) {
-            Catch::cout() << '\033' << _escapeCode;
-        }
-    };
+            if( m_config->warnAboutNoTests() && totals.error == -1 )
+                return 2;
 
-    IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() {
-        ErrnoGuard guard;
-        Ptr<IConfig const> config = getCurrentContext().getConfig();
-        UseColour::YesOrNo colourMode = config
-            ? config->useColour()
-            : UseColour::Auto;
-        if( colourMode == UseColour::Auto )
-            colourMode = (!isDebuggerActive() && isatty(STDOUT_FILENO) )
-                ? UseColour::Yes
-                : UseColour::No;
-        return colourMode == UseColour::Yes
-            ? PosixColourImpl::instance()
-            : NoColourImpl::instance();
+            // Note that on unices only the lower 8 bits are usually used, clamping
+            // the return value to 255 prevents false negative when some multiple
+            // of 256 tests has failed
+            return (std::min) (MaxExitCode, (std::max) (totals.error, static_cast<int>(totals.assertions.failed)));
+        }
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+        catch( std::exception& ex ) {
+            Catch::cerr() << ex.what() << std::endl;
+            return MaxExitCode;
+        }
+#endif
     }
 
-} // end anon namespace
 } // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_session.cpp
+// start catch_singletons.cpp
 
-#else  // not Windows or ANSI ///////////////////////////////////////////////
+#include <vector>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    static IColourImpl* platformColourInstance() { return NoColourImpl::instance(); }
+    namespace {
+        static auto getSingletons() -> std::vector<ISingleton*>*& {
+            static std::vector<ISingleton*>* g_singletons = nullptr;
+            if( !g_singletons )
+                g_singletons = new std::vector<ISingleton*>();
+            return g_singletons;
+        }
+    }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    ISingleton::~ISingleton() {}
 
-#endif // Windows/ ANSI/ None
+    void addSingleton(ISingleton* singleton ) {
+        getSingletons()->push_back( singleton );
+    }
+    void cleanupSingletons() {
+        auto& singletons = getSingletons();
+        for( auto singleton : *singletons )
+            delete singleton;
+        delete singletons;
+        singletons = nullptr;
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_singletons.cpp
+// start catch_startup_exception_registry.cpp
 
-    Colour::Colour( Code _colourCode ) : m_moved( false ) { use( _colourCode ); }
-    Colour::Colour( Colour const& _other ) : m_moved( false ) { const_cast<Colour&>( _other ).m_moved = true; }
-    Colour::~Colour(){ if( !m_moved ) use( None ); }
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+namespace Catch {
+void StartupExceptionRegistry::add( std::exception_ptr const& exception ) noexcept {
+        CATCH_TRY {
+            m_exceptions.push_back(exception);
+        } CATCH_CATCH_ALL {
+            // If we run out of memory during start-up there's really not a lot more we can do about it
+            std::terminate();
+        }
+    }
 
-    void Colour::use( Code _colourCode ) {
-        static IColourImpl* impl = platformColourInstance();
-        impl->use( _colourCode );
+    std::vector<std::exception_ptr> const& StartupExceptionRegistry::getExceptions() const noexcept {
+        return m_exceptions;
     }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
+#endif
+// end catch_startup_exception_registry.cpp
+// start catch_stream.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_generators_impl.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_GENERATORS_IMPL_HPP_INCLUDED
-
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <iostream>
+#include <fstream>
+#include <sstream>
 #include <vector>
-#include <string>
-#include <map>
+#include <memory>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    struct GeneratorInfo : IGeneratorInfo {
+    Catch::IStream::~IStream() = default;
 
-        GeneratorInfo( std::size_t size )
-        :   m_size( size ),
-            m_currentIndex( 0 )
-        {}
+    namespace Detail { namespace {
+        template<typename WriterF, std::size_t bufferSize=256>
+        class StreamBufImpl : public std::streambuf {
+            char data[bufferSize];
+            WriterF m_writer;
 
-        bool moveNext() {
-            if( ++m_currentIndex == m_size ) {
-                m_currentIndex = 0;
-                return false;
+        public:
+            StreamBufImpl() {
+                setp( data, data + sizeof(data) );
             }
-            return true;
-        }
 
-        std::size_t getCurrentIndex() const {
-            return m_currentIndex;
-        }
+            ~StreamBufImpl() noexcept {
+                StreamBufImpl::sync();
+            }
 
-        std::size_t m_size;
-        std::size_t m_currentIndex;
-    };
+        private:
+            int overflow( int c ) override {
+                sync();
 
-    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+                if( c != EOF ) {
+                    if( pbase() == epptr() )
+                        m_writer( std::string( 1, static_cast<char>( c ) ) );
+                    else
+                        sputc( static_cast<char>( c ) );
+                }
+                return 0;
+            }
+
+            int sync() override {
+                if( pbase() != pptr() ) {
+                    m_writer( std::string( pbase(), static_cast<std::string::size_type>( pptr() - pbase() ) ) );
+                    setp( pbase(), epptr() );
+                }
+                return 0;
+            }
+        };
 
-    class GeneratorsForTest : public IGeneratorsForTest {
+        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-    public:
-        ~GeneratorsForTest() {
-            deleteAll( m_generatorsInOrder );
-        }
+        struct OutputDebugWriter {
+
+            void operator()( std::string const&str ) {
+                writeToDebugConsole( str );
+            }
+        };
+
+        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
 
-        IGeneratorInfo& getGeneratorInfo( std::string const& fileInfo, std::size_t size ) {
-            std::map<std::string, IGeneratorInfo*>::const_iterator it = m_generatorsByName.find( fileInfo );
-            if( it == m_generatorsByName.end() ) {
-                IGeneratorInfo* info = new GeneratorInfo( size );
-                m_generatorsByName.insert( std::make_pair( fileInfo, info ) );
-                m_generatorsInOrder.push_back( info );
-                return *info;
+        class FileStream : public IStream {
+            mutable std::ofstream m_ofs;
+        public:
+            FileStream( StringRef filename ) {
+                m_ofs.open( filename.c_str() );
+                CATCH_ENFORCE( !m_ofs.fail(), "Unable to open file: '" << filename << "'" );
+            }
+            ~FileStream() override = default;
+        public: // IStream
+            std::ostream& stream() const override {
+                return m_ofs;
             }
-            return *it->second;
+        };
+
+        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+        class CoutStream : public IStream {
+            mutable std::ostream m_os;
+        public:
+            // Store the streambuf from cout up-front because
+            // cout may get redirected when running tests
+            CoutStream() : m_os( Catch::cout().rdbuf() ) {}
+            ~CoutStream() override = default;
+
+        public: // IStream
+            std::ostream& stream() const override { return m_os; }
+        };
+
+        ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+        class DebugOutStream : public IStream {
+            std::unique_ptr<StreamBufImpl<OutputDebugWriter>> m_streamBuf;
+            mutable std::ostream m_os;
+        public:
+            DebugOutStream()
+            :   m_streamBuf( new StreamBufImpl<OutputDebugWriter>() ),
+                m_os( m_streamBuf.get() )
+            {}
+
+            ~DebugOutStream() override = default;
+
+        public: // IStream
+            std::ostream& stream() const override { return m_os; }
+        };
+
+    }} // namespace anon::detail
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+    auto makeStream( StringRef const &filename ) -> IStream const* {
+        if( filename.empty() )
+            return new Detail::CoutStream();
+        else if( filename[0] == '%' ) {
+            if( filename == "%debug" )
+                return new Detail::DebugOutStream();
+            else
+                CATCH_ERROR( "Unrecognised stream: '" << filename << "'" );
         }
+        else
+            return new Detail::FileStream( filename );
+    }
 
-        bool moveNext() {
-            std::vector<IGeneratorInfo*>::const_iterator it = m_generatorsInOrder.begin();
-            std::vector<IGeneratorInfo*>::const_iterator itEnd = m_generatorsInOrder.end();
-            for(; it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-                if( (*it)->moveNext() )
-                    return true;
+    // This class encapsulates the idea of a pool of ostringstreams that can be reused.
+    struct StringStreams {
+        std::vector<std::unique_ptr<std::ostringstream>> m_streams;
+        std::vector<std::size_t> m_unused;
+        std::ostringstream m_referenceStream; // Used for copy state/ flags from
+
+        auto add() -> std::size_t {
+            if( m_unused.empty() ) {
+                m_streams.push_back( std::unique_ptr<std::ostringstream>( new std::ostringstream ) );
+                return m_streams.size()-1;
+            }
+            else {
+                auto index = m_unused.back();
+                m_unused.pop_back();
+                return index;
             }
-            return false;
         }
 
-    private:
-        std::map<std::string, IGeneratorInfo*> m_generatorsByName;
-        std::vector<IGeneratorInfo*> m_generatorsInOrder;
+        void release( std::size_t index ) {
+            m_streams[index]->copyfmt( m_referenceStream ); // Restore initial flags and other state
+            m_unused.push_back(index);
+        }
     };
 
-    IGeneratorsForTest* createGeneratorsForTest()
-    {
-        return new GeneratorsForTest();
+    ReusableStringStream::ReusableStringStream()
+    :   m_index( Singleton<StringStreams>::getMutable().add() ),
+        m_oss( Singleton<StringStreams>::getMutable().m_streams[m_index].get() )
+    {}
+
+    ReusableStringStream::~ReusableStringStream() {
+        static_cast<std::ostringstream*>( m_oss )->str("");
+        m_oss->clear();
+        Singleton<StringStreams>::getMutable().release( m_index );
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    auto ReusableStringStream::str() const -> std::string {
+        return static_cast<std::ostringstream*>( m_oss )->str();
+    }
+
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_NOSTDOUT // If you #define this you must implement these functions
+    std::ostream& cout() { return std::cout; }
+    std::ostream& cerr() { return std::cerr; }
+    std::ostream& clog() { return std::clog; }
+#endif
+}
+// end catch_stream.cpp
+// start catch_string_manip.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_assertionresult.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_ASSERTIONRESULT_HPP_INCLUDED
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <ostream>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <cctype>
+#include <vector>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    AssertionInfo::AssertionInfo():macroName(""), capturedExpression(""), resultDisposition(ResultDisposition::Normal), secondArg(""){}
+    namespace {
+        char toLowerCh(char c) {
+            return static_cast<char>( std::tolower( static_cast<unsigned char>(c) ) );
+        }
+    }
 
-    AssertionInfo::AssertionInfo(   char const * _macroName,
-                                    SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
-                                    char const * _capturedExpression,
-                                    ResultDisposition::Flags _resultDisposition,
-                                    char const * _secondArg)
-    :   macroName( _macroName ),
-        lineInfo( _lineInfo ),
-        capturedExpression( _capturedExpression ),
-        resultDisposition( _resultDisposition ),
-        secondArg( _secondArg )
-    {}
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& prefix ) {
+        return s.size() >= prefix.size() && std::equal(prefix.begin(), prefix.end(), s.begin());
+    }
+    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, char prefix ) {
+        return !s.empty() && s[0] == prefix;
+    }
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& suffix ) {
+        return s.size() >= suffix.size() && std::equal(suffix.rbegin(), suffix.rend(), s.rbegin());
+    }
+    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, char suffix ) {
+        return !s.empty() && s[s.size()-1] == suffix;
+    }
+    bool contains( std::string const& s, std::string const& infix ) {
+        return s.find( infix ) != std::string::npos;
+    }
+    void toLowerInPlace( std::string& s ) {
+        std::transform( s.begin(), s.end(), s.begin(), toLowerCh );
+    }
+    std::string toLower( std::string const& s ) {
+        std::string lc = s;
+        toLowerInPlace( lc );
+        return lc;
+    }
+    std::string trim( std::string const& str ) {
+        static char const* whitespaceChars = "\n\r\t ";
+        std::string::size_type start = str.find_first_not_of( whitespaceChars );
+        std::string::size_type end = str.find_last_not_of( whitespaceChars );
 
-    AssertionResult::AssertionResult() {}
+        return start != std::string::npos ? str.substr( start, 1+end-start ) : std::string();
+    }
 
-    AssertionResult::AssertionResult( AssertionInfo const& info, AssertionResultData const& data )
-    :   m_info( info ),
-        m_resultData( data )
+    StringRef trim(StringRef ref) {
+        const auto is_ws = [](char c) {
+            return c == ' ' || c == '\t' || c == '\n' || c == '\r';
+        };
+        size_t real_begin = 0;
+        while (real_begin < ref.size() && is_ws(ref[real_begin])) { ++real_begin; }
+        size_t real_end = ref.size();
+        while (real_end > real_begin && is_ws(ref[real_end - 1])) { --real_end; }
+
+        return ref.substr(real_begin, real_end - real_begin);
+    }
+
+    bool replaceInPlace( std::string& str, std::string const& replaceThis, std::string const& withThis ) {
+        bool replaced = false;
+        std::size_t i = str.find( replaceThis );
+        while( i != std::string::npos ) {
+            replaced = true;
+            str = str.substr( 0, i ) + withThis + str.substr( i+replaceThis.size() );
+            if( i < str.size()-withThis.size() )
+                i = str.find( replaceThis, i+withThis.size() );
+            else
+                i = std::string::npos;
+        }
+        return replaced;
+    }
+
+    std::vector<StringRef> splitStringRef( StringRef str, char delimiter ) {
+        std::vector<StringRef> subStrings;
+        std::size_t start = 0;
+        for(std::size_t pos = 0; pos < str.size(); ++pos ) {
+            if( str[pos] == delimiter ) {
+                if( pos - start > 1 )
+                    subStrings.push_back( str.substr( start, pos-start ) );
+                start = pos+1;
+            }
+        }
+        if( start < str.size() )
+            subStrings.push_back( str.substr( start, str.size()-start ) );
+        return subStrings;
+    }
+
+    pluralise::pluralise( std::size_t count, std::string const& label )
+    :   m_count( count ),
+        m_label( label )
     {}
 
-    AssertionResult::~AssertionResult() {}
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, pluralise const& pluraliser ) {
+        os << pluraliser.m_count << ' ' << pluraliser.m_label;
+        if( pluraliser.m_count != 1 )
+            os << 's';
+        return os;
+    }
 
-    // Result was a success
-    bool AssertionResult::succeeded() const {
-        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType );
+}
+// end catch_string_manip.cpp
+// start catch_stringref.cpp
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <ostream>
+#include <cstring>
+#include <cstdint>
+
+namespace Catch {
+    StringRef::StringRef( char const* rawChars ) noexcept
+    : StringRef( rawChars, static_cast<StringRef::size_type>(std::strlen(rawChars) ) )
+    {}
+
+    auto StringRef::c_str() const -> char const* {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE(isNullTerminated(), "Called StringRef::c_str() on a non-null-terminated instance");
+        return m_start;
+    }
+    auto StringRef::data() const noexcept -> char const* {
+        return m_start;
     }
 
-    // Result was a success, or failure is suppressed
-    bool AssertionResult::isOk() const {
-        return Catch::isOk( m_resultData.resultType ) || shouldSuppressFailure( m_info.resultDisposition );
+    auto StringRef::substr( size_type start, size_type size ) const noexcept -> StringRef {
+        if (start < m_size) {
+            return StringRef(m_start + start, (std::min)(m_size - start, size));
+        } else {
+            return StringRef();
+        }
+    }
+    auto StringRef::operator == ( StringRef const& other ) const noexcept -> bool {
+        return m_size == other.m_size
+            && (std::memcmp( m_start, other.m_start, m_size ) == 0);
     }
 
-    ResultWas::OfType AssertionResult::getResultType() const {
-        return m_resultData.resultType;
+    auto operator << ( std::ostream& os, StringRef const& str ) -> std::ostream& {
+        return os.write(str.data(), str.size());
     }
 
-    bool AssertionResult::hasExpression() const {
-        return m_info.capturedExpression[0] != 0;
+    auto operator+=( std::string& lhs, StringRef const& rhs ) -> std::string& {
+        lhs.append(rhs.data(), rhs.size());
+        return lhs;
     }
 
-    bool AssertionResult::hasMessage() const {
-        return !m_resultData.message.empty();
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_stringref.cpp
+// start catch_tag_alias.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+    TagAlias::TagAlias(std::string const & _tag, SourceLineInfo _lineInfo): tag(_tag), lineInfo(_lineInfo) {}
+}
+// end catch_tag_alias.cpp
+// start catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    RegistrarForTagAliases::RegistrarForTagAliases(char const* alias, char const* tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo) {
+        CATCH_TRY {
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerTagAlias(alias, tag, lineInfo);
+        } CATCH_CATCH_ALL {
+            // Do not throw when constructing global objects, instead register the exception to be processed later
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerStartupException();
+        }
     }
 
-    std::string capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument( char const * capturedExpression, char const * secondArg ) {
-        return (secondArg[0] == 0 || secondArg[0] == '"' && secondArg[1] == '"')
-            ? capturedExpression
-            : std::string(capturedExpression) + ", " + secondArg;
-    }
+}
+// end catch_tag_alias_autoregistrar.cpp
+// start catch_tag_alias_registry.cpp
+
+#include <sstream>
+
+namespace Catch {
 
-    std::string AssertionResult::getExpression() const {
-        if( isFalseTest( m_info.resultDisposition ) )
-            return "!(" + capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_info.capturedExpression, m_info.secondArg) + ")";
-        else
-            return capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_info.capturedExpression, m_info.secondArg);
-    }
-    std::string AssertionResult::getExpressionInMacro() const {
-        if( m_info.macroName[0] == 0 )
-            return capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_info.capturedExpression, m_info.secondArg);
-        else
-            return std::string(m_info.macroName) + "( " + capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_info.capturedExpression, m_info.secondArg) + " )";
-    }
+    TagAliasRegistry::~TagAliasRegistry() {}
 
-    bool AssertionResult::hasExpandedExpression() const {
-        return hasExpression() && getExpandedExpression() != getExpression();
+    TagAlias const* TagAliasRegistry::find( std::string const& alias ) const {
+        auto it = m_registry.find( alias );
+        if( it != m_registry.end() )
+            return &(it->second);
+        else
+            return nullptr;
     }
 
-    std::string AssertionResult::getExpandedExpression() const {
-        return m_resultData.reconstructExpression();
+    std::string TagAliasRegistry::expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const {
+        std::string expandedTestSpec = unexpandedTestSpec;
+        for( auto const& registryKvp : m_registry ) {
+            std::size_t pos = expandedTestSpec.find( registryKvp.first );
+            if( pos != std::string::npos ) {
+                expandedTestSpec =  expandedTestSpec.substr( 0, pos ) +
+                                    registryKvp.second.tag +
+                                    expandedTestSpec.substr( pos + registryKvp.first.size() );
+            }
+        }
+        return expandedTestSpec;
     }
 
-    std::string AssertionResult::getMessage() const {
-        return m_resultData.message;
-    }
-    SourceLineInfo AssertionResult::getSourceInfo() const {
-        return m_info.lineInfo;
-    }
+    void TagAliasRegistry::add( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) {
+        CATCH_ENFORCE( startsWith(alias, "[@") && endsWith(alias, ']'),
+                      "error: tag alias, '" << alias << "' is not of the form [@alias name].\n" << lineInfo );
 
-    std::string AssertionResult::getTestMacroName() const {
-        return m_info.macroName;
+        CATCH_ENFORCE( m_registry.insert(std::make_pair(alias, TagAlias(tag, lineInfo))).second,
+                      "error: tag alias, '" << alias << "' already registered.\n"
+                      << "\tFirst seen at: " << find(alias)->lineInfo << "\n"
+                      << "\tRedefined at: " << lineInfo );
     }
 
-    void AssertionResult::discardDecomposedExpression() const {
-        m_resultData.decomposedExpression = CATCH_NULL;
-    }
+    ITagAliasRegistry::~ITagAliasRegistry() {}
 
-    void AssertionResult::expandDecomposedExpression() const {
-        m_resultData.reconstructExpression();
+    ITagAliasRegistry const& ITagAliasRegistry::get() {
+        return getRegistryHub().getTagAliasRegistry();
     }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: catch_test_case_info.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TEST_CASE_INFO_HPP_INCLUDED
+// end catch_tag_alias_registry.cpp
+// start catch_test_case_info.cpp
 
 #include <cctype>
+#include <exception>
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <sstream>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    inline TestCaseInfo::SpecialProperties parseSpecialTag( std::string const& tag ) {
-        if( startsWith( tag, '.' ) ||
-            tag == "hide" ||
-            tag == "!hide" )
-            return TestCaseInfo::IsHidden;
-        else if( tag == "!throws" )
-            return TestCaseInfo::Throws;
-        else if( tag == "!shouldfail" )
-            return TestCaseInfo::ShouldFail;
-        else if( tag == "!mayfail" )
-            return TestCaseInfo::MayFail;
-        else if( tag == "!nonportable" )
-            return TestCaseInfo::NonPortable;
-        else
-            return TestCaseInfo::None;
-    }
-    inline bool isReservedTag( std::string const& tag ) {
-        return parseSpecialTag( tag ) == TestCaseInfo::None && tag.size() > 0 && !std::isalnum( tag[0] );
-    }
-    inline void enforceNotReservedTag( std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo ) {
-        if( isReservedTag( tag ) ) {
-            std::ostringstream ss;
-            ss << Colour(Colour::Red)
-               << "Tag name [" << tag << "] not allowed.\n"
-               << "Tag names starting with non alpha-numeric characters are reserved\n"
-               << Colour(Colour::FileName)
-               << _lineInfo << '\n';
-            throw std::runtime_error(ss.str());
+    namespace {
+        TestCaseInfo::SpecialProperties parseSpecialTag( std::string const& tag ) {
+            if( startsWith( tag, '.' ) ||
+                tag == "!hide" )
+                return TestCaseInfo::IsHidden;
+            else if( tag == "!throws" )
+                return TestCaseInfo::Throws;
+            else if( tag == "!shouldfail" )
+                return TestCaseInfo::ShouldFail;
+            else if( tag == "!mayfail" )
+                return TestCaseInfo::MayFail;
+            else if( tag == "!nonportable" )
+                return TestCaseInfo::NonPortable;
+            else if( tag == "!benchmark" )
+                return static_cast<TestCaseInfo::SpecialProperties>( TestCaseInfo::Benchmark | TestCaseInfo::IsHidden );
+            else
+                return TestCaseInfo::None;
+        }
+        bool isReservedTag( std::string const& tag ) {
+            return parseSpecialTag( tag ) == TestCaseInfo::None && tag.size() > 0 && !std::isalnum( static_cast<unsigned char>(tag[0]) );
+        }
+        void enforceNotReservedTag( std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo ) {
+            CATCH_ENFORCE( !isReservedTag(tag),
+                          "Tag name: [" << tag << "] is not allowed.\n"
+                          << "Tag names starting with non alphanumeric characters are reserved\n"
+                          << _lineInfo );
         }
     }
 
-    TestCase makeTestCase(  ITestCase* _testCase,
+    TestCase makeTestCase(  ITestInvoker* _testCase,
                             std::string const& _className,
-                            std::string const& _name,
-                            std::string const& _descOrTags,
+                            NameAndTags const& nameAndTags,
                             SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo )
     {
-        bool isHidden( startsWith( _name, "./" ) ); // Legacy support
+        bool isHidden = false;
 
         // Parse out tags
-        std::set<std::string> tags;
+        std::vector<std::string> tags;
         std::string desc, tag;
         bool inTag = false;
-        for( std::size_t i = 0; i < _descOrTags.size(); ++i ) {
-            char c = _descOrTags[i];
+        for (char c : nameAndTags.tags) {
             if( !inTag ) {
                 if( c == '[' )
                     inTag = true;
@@ -8310,12 +14004,18 @@ namespace Catch {
             else {
                 if( c == ']' ) {
                     TestCaseInfo::SpecialProperties prop = parseSpecialTag( tag );
-                    if( prop == TestCaseInfo::IsHidden )
+                    if( ( prop & TestCaseInfo::IsHidden ) != 0 )
                         isHidden = true;
                     else if( prop == TestCaseInfo::None )
                         enforceNotReservedTag( tag, _lineInfo );
 
-                    tags.insert( tag );
+                    // Merged hide tags like `[.approvals]` should be added as
+                    // `[.][approvals]`. The `[.]` is added at later point, so
+                    // we only strip the prefix
+                    if (startsWith(tag, '.') && tag.size() > 1) {
+                        tag.erase(0, 1);
+                    }
+                    tags.push_back( tag );
                     tag.clear();
                     inTag = false;
                 }
@@ -8324,33 +14024,31 @@ namespace Catch {
             }
         }
         if( isHidden ) {
-            tags.insert( "hide" );
-            tags.insert( "." );
+            // Add all "hidden" tags to make them behave identically
+            tags.insert( tags.end(), { ".", "!hide" } );
         }
 
-        TestCaseInfo info( _name, _className, desc, tags, _lineInfo );
-        return TestCase( _testCase, info );
+        TestCaseInfo info( static_cast<std::string>(nameAndTags.name), _className, desc, tags, _lineInfo );
+        return TestCase( _testCase, std::move(info) );
     }
 
-    void setTags( TestCaseInfo& testCaseInfo, std::set<std::string> const& tags )
-    {
-        testCaseInfo.tags = tags;
+    void setTags( TestCaseInfo& testCaseInfo, std::vector<std::string> tags ) {
+        std::sort(begin(tags), end(tags));
+        tags.erase(std::unique(begin(tags), end(tags)), end(tags));
         testCaseInfo.lcaseTags.clear();
 
-        std::ostringstream oss;
-        for( std::set<std::string>::const_iterator it = tags.begin(), itEnd = tags.end(); it != itEnd; ++it ) {
-            oss << '[' << *it << ']';
-            std::string lcaseTag = toLower( *it );
+        for( auto const& tag : tags ) {
+            std::string lcaseTag = toLower( tag );
             testCaseInfo.properties = static_cast<TestCaseInfo::SpecialProperties>( testCaseInfo.properties | parseSpecialTag( lcaseTag ) );
-            testCaseInfo.lcaseTags.insert( lcaseTag );
+            testCaseInfo.lcaseTags.push_back( lcaseTag );
         }
-        testCaseInfo.tagsAsString = oss.str();
+        testCaseInfo.tags = std::move(tags);
     }
 
     TestCaseInfo::TestCaseInfo( std::string const& _name,
                                 std::string const& _className,
                                 std::string const& _description,
-                                std::set<std::string> const& _tags,
+                                std::vector<std::string> const& _tags,
                                 SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo )
     :   name( _name ),
         className( _className ),
@@ -8361,17 +14059,6 @@ namespace Catch {
         setTags( *this, _tags );
     }
 
-    TestCaseInfo::TestCaseInfo( TestCaseInfo const& other )
-    :   name( other.name ),
-        className( other.className ),
-        description( other.description ),
-        tags( other.tags ),
-        lcaseTags( other.lcaseTags ),
-        tagsAsString( other.tagsAsString ),
-        lineInfo( other.lineInfo ),
-        properties( other.properties )
-    {}
-
     bool TestCaseInfo::isHidden() const {
         return ( properties & IsHidden ) != 0;
     }
@@ -8385,12 +14072,24 @@ namespace Catch {
         return ( properties & (ShouldFail ) ) != 0;
     }
 
-    TestCase::TestCase( ITestCase* testCase, TestCaseInfo const& info ) : TestCaseInfo( info ), test( testCase ) {}
+    std::string TestCaseInfo::tagsAsString() const {
+        std::string ret;
+        // '[' and ']' per tag
+        std::size_t full_size = 2 * tags.size();
+        for (const auto& tag : tags) {
+            full_size += tag.size();
+        }
+        ret.reserve(full_size);
+        for (const auto& tag : tags) {
+            ret.push_back('[');
+            ret.append(tag);
+            ret.push_back(']');
+        }
+
+        return ret;
+    }
 
-    TestCase::TestCase( TestCase const& other )
-    :   TestCaseInfo( other ),
-        test( other.test )
-    {}
+    TestCase::TestCase( ITestInvoker* testCase, TestCaseInfo&& info ) : TestCaseInfo( std::move(info) ), test( testCase ) {}
 
     TestCase TestCase::withName( std::string const& _newName ) const {
         TestCase other( *this );
@@ -8398,18 +14097,6 @@ namespace Catch {
         return other;
     }
 
-    void TestCase::swap( TestCase& other ) {
-        test.swap( other.test );
-        name.swap( other.name );
-        className.swap( other.className );
-        description.swap( other.description );
-        tags.swap( other.tags );
-        lcaseTags.swap( other.lcaseTags );
-        tagsAsString.swap( other.tagsAsString );
-        std::swap( TestCaseInfo::properties, static_cast<TestCaseInfo&>( other ).properties );
-        std::swap( lineInfo, other.lineInfo );
-    }
-
     void TestCase::invoke() const {
         test->invoke();
     }
@@ -8423,11 +14110,6 @@ namespace Catch {
     bool TestCase::operator < ( TestCase const& other ) const {
         return name < other.name;
     }
-    TestCase& TestCase::operator = ( TestCase const& other ) {
-        TestCase temp( other );
-        swap( temp );
-        return *this;
-    }
 
     TestCaseInfo const& TestCase::getTestCaseInfo() const
     {
@@ -8435,1995 +14117,2619 @@ namespace Catch {
     }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_test_case_info.cpp
+// start catch_test_case_registry_impl.cpp
 
-// #included from: catch_version.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_VERSION_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-namespace Catch {
-
-    Version::Version
-        (   unsigned int _majorVersion,
-            unsigned int _minorVersion,
-            unsigned int _patchNumber,
-            char const * const _branchName,
-            unsigned int _buildNumber )
-    :   majorVersion( _majorVersion ),
-        minorVersion( _minorVersion ),
-        patchNumber( _patchNumber ),
-        branchName( _branchName ),
-        buildNumber( _buildNumber )
-    {}
-
-    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Version const& version ) {
-        os  << version.majorVersion << '.'
-            << version.minorVersion << '.'
-            << version.patchNumber;
-        // branchName is never null -> 0th char is \0 if it is empty
-        if (version.branchName[0]) {
-            os << '-' << version.branchName
-               << '.' << version.buildNumber;
-        }
-        return os;
-    }
-
-    inline Version libraryVersion() {
-        static Version version( 1, 12, 2, "", 0 );
-        return version;
-    }
-
-}
-
-// #included from: catch_message.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_MESSAGE_HPP_INCLUDED
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <sstream>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    MessageInfo::MessageInfo(   std::string const& _macroName,
-                                SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
-                                ResultWas::OfType _type )
-    :   macroName( _macroName ),
-        lineInfo( _lineInfo ),
-        type( _type ),
-        sequence( ++globalCount )
-    {}
-
-    // This may need protecting if threading support is added
-    unsigned int MessageInfo::globalCount = 0;
-
-    ////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-
-    ScopedMessage::ScopedMessage( MessageBuilder const& builder )
-    : m_info( builder.m_info )
-    {
-        m_info.message = builder.m_stream.str();
-        getResultCapture().pushScopedMessage( m_info );
-    }
-    ScopedMessage::ScopedMessage( ScopedMessage const& other )
-    : m_info( other.m_info )
-    {}
-
-#if defined(_MSC_VER)
-#pragma warning(push)
-#pragma warning(disable:4996) // std::uncaught_exception is deprecated in C++17
-#endif
-    ScopedMessage::~ScopedMessage() {
-        if ( !std::uncaught_exception() ){
-            getResultCapture().popScopedMessage(m_info);
-        }
-    }
-#if defined(_MSC_VER)
-#pragma warning(pop)
-#endif
-
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: catch_legacy_reporter_adapter.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_LEGACY_REPORTER_ADAPTER_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-// #included from: catch_legacy_reporter_adapter.h
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_LEGACY_REPORTER_ADAPTER_H_INCLUDED
-
-namespace Catch
-{
-    // Deprecated
-    struct IReporter : IShared {
-        virtual ~IReporter();
-
-        virtual bool shouldRedirectStdout() const = 0;
-
-        virtual void StartTesting() = 0;
-        virtual void EndTesting( Totals const& totals ) = 0;
-        virtual void StartGroup( std::string const& groupName ) = 0;
-        virtual void EndGroup( std::string const& groupName, Totals const& totals ) = 0;
-        virtual void StartTestCase( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) = 0;
-        virtual void EndTestCase( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo, Totals const& totals, std::string const& stdOut, std::string const& stdErr ) = 0;
-        virtual void StartSection( std::string const& sectionName, std::string const& description ) = 0;
-        virtual void EndSection( std::string const& sectionName, Counts const& assertions ) = 0;
-        virtual void NoAssertionsInSection( std::string const& sectionName ) = 0;
-        virtual void NoAssertionsInTestCase( std::string const& testName ) = 0;
-        virtual void Aborted() = 0;
-        virtual void Result( AssertionResult const& result ) = 0;
-    };
-
-    class LegacyReporterAdapter : public SharedImpl<IStreamingReporter>
-    {
-    public:
-        LegacyReporterAdapter( Ptr<IReporter> const& legacyReporter );
-        virtual ~LegacyReporterAdapter();
-
-        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const;
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& );
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& );
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo );
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo );
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo );
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& );
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats );
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats );
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats );
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats );
-        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats );
-        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& );
-
-    private:
-        Ptr<IReporter> m_legacyReporter;
-    };
-}
-
-namespace Catch
-{
-    LegacyReporterAdapter::LegacyReporterAdapter( Ptr<IReporter> const& legacyReporter )
-    :   m_legacyReporter( legacyReporter )
-    {}
-    LegacyReporterAdapter::~LegacyReporterAdapter() {}
-
-    ReporterPreferences LegacyReporterAdapter::getPreferences() const {
-        ReporterPreferences prefs;
-        prefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = m_legacyReporter->shouldRedirectStdout();
-        return prefs;
-    }
+    namespace {
+        struct TestHasher {
+            explicit TestHasher(Catch::SimplePcg32& rng_instance) {
+                basis = rng_instance();
+                basis <<= 32;
+                basis |= rng_instance();
+            }
 
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& ) {}
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->StartTesting();
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->StartGroup( groupInfo.name );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->StartTestCase( testInfo );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->StartSection( sectionInfo.name, sectionInfo.description );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) {
-        // Not on legacy interface
-    }
+            uint64_t basis;
 
-    bool LegacyReporterAdapter::assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) {
-        if( assertionStats.assertionResult.getResultType() != ResultWas::Ok ) {
-            for( std::vector<MessageInfo>::const_iterator it = assertionStats.infoMessages.begin(), itEnd = assertionStats.infoMessages.end();
-                    it != itEnd;
-                    ++it ) {
-                if( it->type == ResultWas::Info ) {
-                    ResultBuilder rb( it->macroName.c_str(), it->lineInfo, "", ResultDisposition::Normal );
-                    rb << it->message;
-                    rb.setResultType( ResultWas::Info );
-                    AssertionResult result = rb.build();
-                    m_legacyReporter->Result( result );
+            uint64_t operator()(TestCase const& t) const {
+                // Modified FNV-1a hash
+                static constexpr uint64_t prime = 1099511628211;
+                uint64_t hash = basis;
+                for (const char c : t.name) {
+                    hash ^= c;
+                    hash *= prime;
                 }
+                return hash;
             }
-        }
-        m_legacyReporter->Result( assertionStats.assertionResult );
-        return true;
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) {
-        if( sectionStats.missingAssertions )
-            m_legacyReporter->NoAssertionsInSection( sectionStats.sectionInfo.name );
-        m_legacyReporter->EndSection( sectionStats.sectionInfo.name, sectionStats.assertions );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->EndTestCase
-            (   testCaseStats.testInfo,
-                testCaseStats.totals,
-                testCaseStats.stdOut,
-                testCaseStats.stdErr );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) {
-        if( testGroupStats.aborting )
-            m_legacyReporter->Aborted();
-        m_legacyReporter->EndGroup( testGroupStats.groupInfo.name, testGroupStats.totals );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) {
-        m_legacyReporter->EndTesting( testRunStats.totals );
-    }
-    void LegacyReporterAdapter::skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& ) {
-    }
-}
+        };
+    } // end unnamed namespace
+
+    std::vector<TestCase> sortTests( IConfig const& config, std::vector<TestCase> const& unsortedTestCases ) {
+        switch( config.runOrder() ) {
+            case RunTests::InDeclarationOrder:
+                // already in declaration order
+                break;
 
-// #included from: catch_timer.hpp
+            case RunTests::InLexicographicalOrder: {
+                std::vector<TestCase> sorted = unsortedTestCases;
+                std::sort( sorted.begin(), sorted.end() );
+                return sorted;
+            }
 
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic push
-#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wc++11-long-long"
-#endif
+            case RunTests::InRandomOrder: {
+                seedRng( config );
+                TestHasher h( rng() );
 
-#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
+                using hashedTest = std::pair<uint64_t, TestCase const*>;
+                std::vector<hashedTest> indexed_tests;
+                indexed_tests.reserve( unsortedTestCases.size() );
 
-#else
+                for (auto const& testCase : unsortedTestCases) {
+                    indexed_tests.emplace_back(h(testCase), &testCase);
+                }
 
-#include <sys/time.h>
+                std::sort(indexed_tests.begin(), indexed_tests.end(),
+                          [](hashedTest const& lhs, hashedTest const& rhs) {
+                          if (lhs.first == rhs.first) {
+                              return lhs.second->name < rhs.second->name;
+                          }
+                          return lhs.first < rhs.first;
+                });
 
-#endif
+                std::vector<TestCase> sorted;
+                sorted.reserve( indexed_tests.size() );
 
-namespace Catch {
+                for (auto const& hashed : indexed_tests) {
+                    sorted.emplace_back(*hashed.second);
+                }
 
-    namespace {
-#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
-        UInt64 getCurrentTicks() {
-            static UInt64 hz=0, hzo=0;
-            if (!hz) {
-                QueryPerformanceFrequency( reinterpret_cast<LARGE_INTEGER*>( &hz ) );
-                QueryPerformanceCounter( reinterpret_cast<LARGE_INTEGER*>( &hzo ) );
+                return sorted;
             }
-            UInt64 t;
-            QueryPerformanceCounter( reinterpret_cast<LARGE_INTEGER*>( &t ) );
-            return ((t-hzo)*1000000)/hz;
-        }
-#else
-        UInt64 getCurrentTicks() {
-            timeval t;
-            gettimeofday(&t,CATCH_NULL);
-            return static_cast<UInt64>( t.tv_sec ) * 1000000ull + static_cast<UInt64>( t.tv_usec );
         }
-#endif
-    }
-
-    void Timer::start() {
-        m_ticks = getCurrentTicks();
-    }
-    unsigned int Timer::getElapsedMicroseconds() const {
-        return static_cast<unsigned int>(getCurrentTicks() - m_ticks);
-    }
-    unsigned int Timer::getElapsedMilliseconds() const {
-        return static_cast<unsigned int>(getElapsedMicroseconds()/1000);
+        return unsortedTestCases;
     }
-    double Timer::getElapsedSeconds() const {
-        return getElapsedMicroseconds()/1000000.0;
-    }
-
-} // namespace Catch
-
-#ifdef __clang__
-#pragma clang diagnostic pop
-#endif
-// #included from: catch_common.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_COMMON_HPP_INCLUDED
 
-#include <cstring>
-#include <cctype>
-
-namespace Catch {
-
-    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& prefix ) {
-        return s.size() >= prefix.size() && std::equal(prefix.begin(), prefix.end(), s.begin());
-    }
-    bool startsWith( std::string const& s, char prefix ) {
-        return !s.empty() && s[0] == prefix;
-    }
-    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, std::string const& suffix ) {
-        return s.size() >= suffix.size() && std::equal(suffix.rbegin(), suffix.rend(), s.rbegin());
-    }
-    bool endsWith( std::string const& s, char suffix ) {
-        return !s.empty() && s[s.size()-1] == suffix;
+    bool isThrowSafe( TestCase const& testCase, IConfig const& config ) {
+        return !testCase.throws() || config.allowThrows();
     }
-    bool contains( std::string const& s, std::string const& infix ) {
-        return s.find( infix ) != std::string::npos;
-    }
-    char toLowerCh(char c) {
-        return static_cast<char>( std::tolower( c ) );
-    }
-    void toLowerInPlace( std::string& s ) {
-        std::transform( s.begin(), s.end(), s.begin(), toLowerCh );
-    }
-    std::string toLower( std::string const& s ) {
-        std::string lc = s;
-        toLowerInPlace( lc );
-        return lc;
-    }
-    std::string trim( std::string const& str ) {
-        static char const* whitespaceChars = "\n\r\t ";
-        std::string::size_type start = str.find_first_not_of( whitespaceChars );
-        std::string::size_type end = str.find_last_not_of( whitespaceChars );
 
-        return start != std::string::npos ? str.substr( start, 1+end-start ) : std::string();
+    bool matchTest( TestCase const& testCase, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config ) {
+        return testSpec.matches( testCase ) && isThrowSafe( testCase, config );
     }
 
-    bool replaceInPlace( std::string& str, std::string const& replaceThis, std::string const& withThis ) {
-        bool replaced = false;
-        std::size_t i = str.find( replaceThis );
-        while( i != std::string::npos ) {
-            replaced = true;
-            str = str.substr( 0, i ) + withThis + str.substr( i+replaceThis.size() );
-            if( i < str.size()-withThis.size() )
-                i = str.find( replaceThis, i+withThis.size() );
-            else
-                i = std::string::npos;
+    void enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( std::vector<TestCase> const& functions ) {
+        std::set<TestCase> seenFunctions;
+        for( auto const& function : functions ) {
+            auto prev = seenFunctions.insert( function );
+            CATCH_ENFORCE( prev.second,
+                    "error: TEST_CASE( \"" << function.name << "\" ) already defined.\n"
+                    << "\tFirst seen at " << prev.first->getTestCaseInfo().lineInfo << "\n"
+                    << "\tRedefined at " << function.getTestCaseInfo().lineInfo );
         }
-        return replaced;
-    }
-
-    pluralise::pluralise( std::size_t count, std::string const& label )
-    :   m_count( count ),
-        m_label( label )
-    {}
-
-    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, pluralise const& pluraliser ) {
-        os << pluraliser.m_count << ' ' << pluraliser.m_label;
-        if( pluraliser.m_count != 1 )
-            os << 's';
-        return os;
     }
 
-    SourceLineInfo::SourceLineInfo() : file(""), line( 0 ){}
-    SourceLineInfo::SourceLineInfo( char const* _file, std::size_t _line )
-    :   file( _file ),
-        line( _line )
-    {}
-    bool SourceLineInfo::empty() const {
-        return file[0] == '\0';
+    std::vector<TestCase> filterTests( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, TestSpec const& testSpec, IConfig const& config ) {
+        std::vector<TestCase> filtered;
+        filtered.reserve( testCases.size() );
+        for (auto const& testCase : testCases) {
+            if ((!testSpec.hasFilters() && !testCase.isHidden()) ||
+                (testSpec.hasFilters() && matchTest(testCase, testSpec, config))) {
+                filtered.push_back(testCase);
+            }
+        }
+        return filtered;
     }
-    bool SourceLineInfo::operator == ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const {
-        return line == other.line && (file == other.file || std::strcmp(file, other.file) == 0);
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& getAllTestCasesSorted( IConfig const& config ) {
+        return getRegistryHub().getTestCaseRegistry().getAllTestsSorted( config );
     }
-    bool SourceLineInfo::operator < ( SourceLineInfo const& other ) const {
-        return line < other.line || ( line == other.line && (std::strcmp(file, other.file) < 0));
+
+    void TestRegistry::registerTest( TestCase const& testCase ) {
+        std::string name = testCase.getTestCaseInfo().name;
+        if( name.empty() ) {
+            ReusableStringStream rss;
+            rss << "Anonymous test case " << ++m_unnamedCount;
+            return registerTest( testCase.withName( rss.str() ) );
+        }
+        m_functions.push_back( testCase );
     }
 
-    void seedRng( IConfig const& config ) {
-        if( config.rngSeed() != 0 )
-            std::srand( config.rngSeed() );
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& TestRegistry::getAllTests() const {
+        return m_functions;
     }
-    unsigned int rngSeed() {
-        return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->rngSeed();
+    std::vector<TestCase> const& TestRegistry::getAllTestsSorted( IConfig const& config ) const {
+        if( m_sortedFunctions.empty() )
+            enforceNoDuplicateTestCases( m_functions );
+
+        if(  m_currentSortOrder != config.runOrder() || m_sortedFunctions.empty() ) {
+            m_sortedFunctions = sortTests( config, m_functions );
+            m_currentSortOrder = config.runOrder();
+        }
+        return m_sortedFunctions;
     }
 
-    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, SourceLineInfo const& info ) {
-#ifndef __GNUG__
-        os << info.file << '(' << info.line << ')';
-#else
-        os << info.file << ':' << info.line;
-#endif
-        return os;
+    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
+    TestInvokerAsFunction::TestInvokerAsFunction( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept : m_testAsFunction( testAsFunction ) {}
+
+    void TestInvokerAsFunction::invoke() const {
+        m_testAsFunction();
     }
 
-    void throwLogicError( std::string const& message, SourceLineInfo const& locationInfo ) {
-        std::ostringstream oss;
-        oss << locationInfo << ": Internal Catch error: '" << message << '\'';
-        if( alwaysTrue() )
-            throw std::logic_error( oss.str() );
+    std::string extractClassName( StringRef const& classOrQualifiedMethodName ) {
+        std::string className(classOrQualifiedMethodName);
+        if( startsWith( className, '&' ) )
+        {
+            std::size_t lastColons = className.rfind( "::" );
+            std::size_t penultimateColons = className.rfind( "::", lastColons-1 );
+            if( penultimateColons == std::string::npos )
+                penultimateColons = 1;
+            className = className.substr( penultimateColons, lastColons-penultimateColons );
+        }
+        return className;
     }
-}
 
-// #included from: catch_section.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_SECTION_HPP_INCLUDED
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_test_case_registry_impl.cpp
+// start catch_test_case_tracker.cpp
+
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <cassert>
+#include <stdexcept>
+#include <memory>
+#include <sstream>
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
+#endif
 
 namespace Catch {
+namespace TestCaseTracking {
 
-    SectionInfo::SectionInfo
-        (   SourceLineInfo const& _lineInfo,
-            std::string const& _name,
-            std::string const& _description )
+    NameAndLocation::NameAndLocation( std::string const& _name, SourceLineInfo const& _location )
     :   name( _name ),
-        description( _description ),
-        lineInfo( _lineInfo )
+        location( _location )
     {}
 
-    Section::Section( SectionInfo const& info )
-    :   m_info( info ),
-        m_sectionIncluded( getResultCapture().sectionStarted( m_info, m_assertions ) )
-    {
-        m_timer.start();
-    }
+    ITracker::~ITracker() = default;
 
-#if defined(_MSC_VER)
-#pragma warning(push)
-#pragma warning(disable:4996) // std::uncaught_exception is deprecated in C++17
-#endif
-    Section::~Section() {
-        if( m_sectionIncluded ) {
-            SectionEndInfo endInfo( m_info, m_assertions, m_timer.getElapsedSeconds() );
-            if( std::uncaught_exception() )
-                getResultCapture().sectionEndedEarly( endInfo );
-            else
-                getResultCapture().sectionEnded( endInfo );
-        }
+    ITracker& TrackerContext::startRun() {
+        m_rootTracker = std::make_shared<SectionTracker>( NameAndLocation( "{root}", CATCH_INTERNAL_LINEINFO ), *this, nullptr );
+        m_currentTracker = nullptr;
+        m_runState = Executing;
+        return *m_rootTracker;
     }
-#if defined(_MSC_VER)
-#pragma warning(pop)
-#endif
 
-    // This indicates whether the section should be executed or not
-    Section::operator bool() const {
-        return m_sectionIncluded;
+    void TrackerContext::endRun() {
+        m_rootTracker.reset();
+        m_currentTracker = nullptr;
+        m_runState = NotStarted;
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: catch_debugger.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_DEBUGGER_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
-
-    #include <assert.h>
-    #include <stdbool.h>
-    #include <sys/types.h>
-    #include <unistd.h>
-    #include <sys/sysctl.h>
-
-    namespace Catch{
+    void TrackerContext::startCycle() {
+        m_currentTracker = m_rootTracker.get();
+        m_runState = Executing;
+    }
+    void TrackerContext::completeCycle() {
+        m_runState = CompletedCycle;
+    }
 
-        // The following function is taken directly from the following technical note:
-        // http://developer.apple.com/library/mac/#qa/qa2004/qa1361.html
+    bool TrackerContext::completedCycle() const {
+        return m_runState == CompletedCycle;
+    }
+    ITracker& TrackerContext::currentTracker() {
+        return *m_currentTracker;
+    }
+    void TrackerContext::setCurrentTracker( ITracker* tracker ) {
+        m_currentTracker = tracker;
+    }
 
-        // Returns true if the current process is being debugged (either
-        // running under the debugger or has a debugger attached post facto).
-        bool isDebuggerActive(){
+    TrackerBase::TrackerBase( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent ):
+        ITracker(nameAndLocation),
+        m_ctx( ctx ),
+        m_parent( parent )
+    {}
 
-            int                 mib[4];
-            struct kinfo_proc   info;
-            size_t              size;
+    bool TrackerBase::isComplete() const {
+        return m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully || m_runState == Failed;
+    }
+    bool TrackerBase::isSuccessfullyCompleted() const {
+        return m_runState == CompletedSuccessfully;
+    }
+    bool TrackerBase::isOpen() const {
+        return m_runState != NotStarted && !isComplete();
+    }
+    bool TrackerBase::hasChildren() const {
+        return !m_children.empty();
+    }
 
-            // Initialize the flags so that, if sysctl fails for some bizarre
-            // reason, we get a predictable result.
+    void TrackerBase::addChild( ITrackerPtr const& child ) {
+        m_children.push_back( child );
+    }
 
-            info.kp_proc.p_flag = 0;
+    ITrackerPtr TrackerBase::findChild( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) {
+        auto it = std::find_if( m_children.begin(), m_children.end(),
+            [&nameAndLocation]( ITrackerPtr const& tracker ){
+                return
+                    tracker->nameAndLocation().location == nameAndLocation.location &&
+                    tracker->nameAndLocation().name == nameAndLocation.name;
+            } );
+        return( it != m_children.end() )
+            ? *it
+            : nullptr;
+    }
+    ITracker& TrackerBase::parent() {
+        assert( m_parent ); // Should always be non-null except for root
+        return *m_parent;
+    }
 
-            // Initialize mib, which tells sysctl the info we want, in this case
-            // we're looking for information about a specific process ID.
+    void TrackerBase::openChild() {
+        if( m_runState != ExecutingChildren ) {
+            m_runState = ExecutingChildren;
+            if( m_parent )
+                m_parent->openChild();
+        }
+    }
 
-            mib[0] = CTL_KERN;
-            mib[1] = KERN_PROC;
-            mib[2] = KERN_PROC_PID;
-            mib[3] = getpid();
+    bool TrackerBase::isSectionTracker() const { return false; }
+    bool TrackerBase::isGeneratorTracker() const { return false; }
 
-            // Call sysctl.
+    void TrackerBase::open() {
+        m_runState = Executing;
+        moveToThis();
+        if( m_parent )
+            m_parent->openChild();
+    }
 
-            size = sizeof(info);
-            if( sysctl(mib, sizeof(mib) / sizeof(*mib), &info, &size, CATCH_NULL, 0) != 0 ) {
-                Catch::cerr() << "\n** Call to sysctl failed - unable to determine if debugger is active **\n" << std::endl;
-                return false;
-            }
+    void TrackerBase::close() {
 
-            // We're being debugged if the P_TRACED flag is set.
+        // Close any still open children (e.g. generators)
+        while( &m_ctx.currentTracker() != this )
+            m_ctx.currentTracker().close();
 
-            return ( (info.kp_proc.p_flag & P_TRACED) != 0 );
-        }
-    } // namespace Catch
+        switch( m_runState ) {
+            case NeedsAnotherRun:
+                break;
 
-#elif defined(CATCH_PLATFORM_LINUX)
-    #include <fstream>
-    #include <string>
+            case Executing:
+                m_runState = CompletedSuccessfully;
+                break;
+            case ExecutingChildren:
+                if( std::all_of(m_children.begin(), m_children.end(), [](ITrackerPtr const& t){ return t->isComplete(); }) )
+                    m_runState = CompletedSuccessfully;
+                break;
 
-    namespace Catch{
-        // The standard POSIX way of detecting a debugger is to attempt to
-        // ptrace() the process, but this needs to be done from a child and not
-        // this process itself to still allow attaching to this process later
-        // if wanted, so is rather heavy. Under Linux we have the PID of the
-        // "debugger" (which doesn't need to be gdb, of course, it could also
-        // be strace, for example) in /proc/$PID/status, so just get it from
-        // there instead.
-        bool isDebuggerActive(){
-            // Libstdc++ has a bug, where std::ifstream sets errno to 0
-            // This way our users can properly assert over errno values
-            ErrnoGuard guard;
-            std::ifstream in("/proc/self/status");
-            for( std::string line; std::getline(in, line); ) {
-                static const int PREFIX_LEN = 11;
-                if( line.compare(0, PREFIX_LEN, "TracerPid:\t") == 0 ) {
-                    // We're traced if the PID is not 0 and no other PID starts
-                    // with 0 digit, so it's enough to check for just a single
-                    // character.
-                    return line.length() > PREFIX_LEN && line[PREFIX_LEN] != '0';
-                }
-            }
+            case NotStarted:
+            case CompletedSuccessfully:
+            case Failed:
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Illogical state: " << m_runState );
 
-            return false;
-        }
-    } // namespace Catch
-#elif defined(_MSC_VER)
-    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
-    namespace Catch {
-        bool isDebuggerActive() {
-            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
+            default:
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown state: " << m_runState );
         }
+        moveToParent();
+        m_ctx.completeCycle();
     }
-#elif defined(__MINGW32__)
-    extern "C" __declspec(dllimport) int __stdcall IsDebuggerPresent();
-    namespace Catch {
-        bool isDebuggerActive() {
-            return IsDebuggerPresent() != 0;
-        }
+    void TrackerBase::fail() {
+        m_runState = Failed;
+        if( m_parent )
+            m_parent->markAsNeedingAnotherRun();
+        moveToParent();
+        m_ctx.completeCycle();
     }
-#else
-    namespace Catch {
-       inline bool isDebuggerActive() { return false; }
+    void TrackerBase::markAsNeedingAnotherRun() {
+        m_runState = NeedsAnotherRun;
     }
-#endif // Platform
-
-#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_WINDOWS
 
-    namespace Catch {
-        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
-            ::OutputDebugStringA( text.c_str() );
-        }
+    void TrackerBase::moveToParent() {
+        assert( m_parent );
+        m_ctx.setCurrentTracker( m_parent );
     }
-#else
-    namespace Catch {
-        void writeToDebugConsole( std::string const& text ) {
-            // !TBD: Need a version for Mac/ XCode and other IDEs
-            Catch::cout() << text;
-        }
+    void TrackerBase::moveToThis() {
+        m_ctx.setCurrentTracker( this );
     }
-#endif // Platform
 
-// #included from: catch_tostring.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TOSTRING_HPP_INCLUDED
+    SectionTracker::SectionTracker( NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation, TrackerContext& ctx, ITracker* parent )
+    :   TrackerBase( nameAndLocation, ctx, parent ),
+        m_trimmed_name(trim(nameAndLocation.name))
+    {
+        if( parent ) {
+            while( !parent->isSectionTracker() )
+                parent = &parent->parent();
 
-namespace Catch {
+            SectionTracker& parentSection = static_cast<SectionTracker&>( *parent );
+            addNextFilters( parentSection.m_filters );
+        }
+    }
 
-namespace Detail {
+    bool SectionTracker::isComplete() const {
+        bool complete = true;
 
-    const std::string unprintableString = "{?}";
+        if (m_filters.empty()
+            || m_filters[0] == ""
+            || std::find(m_filters.begin(), m_filters.end(), m_trimmed_name) != m_filters.end()) {
+            complete = TrackerBase::isComplete();
+        }
+        return complete;
+    }
 
-    namespace {
-        const int hexThreshold = 255;
+    bool SectionTracker::isSectionTracker() const { return true; }
 
-        struct Endianness {
-            enum Arch { Big, Little };
+    SectionTracker& SectionTracker::acquire( TrackerContext& ctx, NameAndLocation const& nameAndLocation ) {
+        std::shared_ptr<SectionTracker> section;
 
-            static Arch which() {
-                union _{
-                    int asInt;
-                    char asChar[sizeof (int)];
-                } u;
+        ITracker& currentTracker = ctx.currentTracker();
+        if( ITrackerPtr childTracker = currentTracker.findChild( nameAndLocation ) ) {
+            assert( childTracker );
+            assert( childTracker->isSectionTracker() );
+            section = std::static_pointer_cast<SectionTracker>( childTracker );
+        }
+        else {
+            section = std::make_shared<SectionTracker>( nameAndLocation, ctx, &currentTracker );
+            currentTracker.addChild( section );
+        }
+        if( !ctx.completedCycle() )
+            section->tryOpen();
+        return *section;
+    }
 
-                u.asInt = 1;
-                return ( u.asChar[sizeof(int)-1] == 1 ) ? Big : Little;
-            }
-        };
+    void SectionTracker::tryOpen() {
+        if( !isComplete() )
+            open();
     }
 
-    std::string rawMemoryToString( const void *object, std::size_t size )
-    {
-        // Reverse order for little endian architectures
-        int i = 0, end = static_cast<int>( size ), inc = 1;
-        if( Endianness::which() == Endianness::Little ) {
-            i = end-1;
-            end = inc = -1;
+    void SectionTracker::addInitialFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters ) {
+        if( !filters.empty() ) {
+            m_filters.reserve( m_filters.size() + filters.size() + 2 );
+            m_filters.emplace_back(""); // Root - should never be consulted
+            m_filters.emplace_back(""); // Test Case - not a section filter
+            m_filters.insert( m_filters.end(), filters.begin(), filters.end() );
         }
-
-        unsigned char const *bytes = static_cast<unsigned char const *>(object);
-        std::ostringstream os;
-        os << "0x" << std::setfill('0') << std::hex;
-        for( ; i != end; i += inc )
-             os << std::setw(2) << static_cast<unsigned>(bytes[i]);
-       return os.str();
     }
-}
+    void SectionTracker::addNextFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& filters ) {
+        if( filters.size() > 1 )
+            m_filters.insert( m_filters.end(), filters.begin()+1, filters.end() );
+    }
 
-std::string toString( std::string const& value ) {
-    std::string s = value;
-    if( getCurrentContext().getConfig()->showInvisibles() ) {
-        for(size_t i = 0; i < s.size(); ++i ) {
-            std::string subs;
-            switch( s[i] ) {
-            case '\n': subs = "\\n"; break;
-            case '\t': subs = "\\t"; break;
-            default: break;
-            }
-            if( !subs.empty() ) {
-                s = s.substr( 0, i ) + subs + s.substr( i+1 );
-                ++i;
-            }
-        }
+    std::vector<std::string> const& SectionTracker::getFilters() const {
+        return m_filters;
     }
-    return '"' + s + '"';
-}
-std::string toString( std::wstring const& value ) {
 
-    std::string s;
-    s.reserve( value.size() );
-    for(size_t i = 0; i < value.size(); ++i )
-        s += value[i] <= 0xff ? static_cast<char>( value[i] ) : '?';
-    return Catch::toString( s );
-}
+    std::string const& SectionTracker::trimmedName() const {
+        return m_trimmed_name;
+    }
 
-std::string toString( const char* const value ) {
-    return value ? Catch::toString( std::string( value ) ) : std::string( "{null string}" );
-}
+} // namespace TestCaseTracking
 
-std::string toString( char* const value ) {
-    return Catch::toString( static_cast<const char*>( value ) );
-}
+using TestCaseTracking::ITracker;
+using TestCaseTracking::TrackerContext;
+using TestCaseTracking::SectionTracker;
 
-std::string toString( const wchar_t* const value )
-{
-    return value ? Catch::toString( std::wstring(value) ) : std::string( "{null string}" );
-}
+} // namespace Catch
 
-std::string toString( wchar_t* const value )
-{
-    return Catch::toString( static_cast<const wchar_t*>( value ) );
-}
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+// end catch_test_case_tracker.cpp
+// start catch_test_registry.cpp
 
-std::string toString( int value ) {
-    std::ostringstream oss;
-    oss << value;
-    if( value > Detail::hexThreshold )
-        oss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
-    return oss.str();
-}
+namespace Catch {
 
-std::string toString( unsigned long value ) {
-    std::ostringstream oss;
-    oss << value;
-    if( value > Detail::hexThreshold )
-        oss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
-    return oss.str();
-}
+    auto makeTestInvoker( void(*testAsFunction)() ) noexcept -> ITestInvoker* {
+        return new(std::nothrow) TestInvokerAsFunction( testAsFunction );
+    }
 
-std::string toString( unsigned int value ) {
-    return Catch::toString( static_cast<unsigned long>( value ) );
-}
+    NameAndTags::NameAndTags( StringRef const& name_ , StringRef const& tags_ ) noexcept : name( name_ ), tags( tags_ ) {}
 
-template<typename T>
-std::string fpToString( T value, int precision ) {
-    std::ostringstream oss;
-    oss << std::setprecision( precision )
-        << std::fixed
-        << value;
-    std::string d = oss.str();
-    std::size_t i = d.find_last_not_of( '0' );
-    if( i != std::string::npos && i != d.size()-1 ) {
-        if( d[i] == '.' )
-            i++;
-        d = d.substr( 0, i+1 );
+    AutoReg::AutoReg( ITestInvoker* invoker, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo, StringRef const& classOrMethod, NameAndTags const& nameAndTags ) noexcept {
+        CATCH_TRY {
+            getMutableRegistryHub()
+                    .registerTest(
+                        makeTestCase(
+                            invoker,
+                            extractClassName( classOrMethod ),
+                            nameAndTags,
+                            lineInfo));
+        } CATCH_CATCH_ALL {
+            // Do not throw when constructing global objects, instead register the exception to be processed later
+            getMutableRegistryHub().registerStartupException();
+        }
     }
-    return d;
-}
 
-std::string toString( const double value ) {
-    return fpToString( value, 10 );
-}
-std::string toString( const float value ) {
-    return fpToString( value, 5 ) + 'f';
-}
-
-std::string toString( bool value ) {
-    return value ? "true" : "false";
+    AutoReg::~AutoReg() = default;
 }
+// end catch_test_registry.cpp
+// start catch_test_spec.cpp
 
-std::string toString( char value ) {
-    if ( value == '\r' )
-        return "'\\r'";
-    if ( value == '\f' )
-        return "'\\f'";
-    if ( value == '\n' )
-        return "'\\n'";
-    if ( value == '\t' )
-        return "'\\t'";
-    if ( '\0' <= value && value < ' ' )
-        return toString( static_cast<unsigned int>( value ) );
-    char chstr[] = "' '";
-    chstr[1] = value;
-    return chstr;
-}
+#include <algorithm>
+#include <string>
+#include <vector>
+#include <memory>
 
-std::string toString( signed char value ) {
-    return toString( static_cast<char>( value ) );
-}
+namespace Catch {
 
-std::string toString( unsigned char value ) {
-    return toString( static_cast<char>( value ) );
-}
+    TestSpec::Pattern::Pattern( std::string const& name )
+    : m_name( name )
+    {}
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_LONG_LONG
-std::string toString( long long value ) {
-    std::ostringstream oss;
-    oss << value;
-    if( value > Detail::hexThreshold )
-        oss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
-    return oss.str();
-}
-std::string toString( unsigned long long value ) {
-    std::ostringstream oss;
-    oss << value;
-    if( value > Detail::hexThreshold )
-        oss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
-    return oss.str();
-}
-#endif
+    TestSpec::Pattern::~Pattern() = default;
 
-#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP11_NULLPTR
-std::string toString( std::nullptr_t ) {
-    return "nullptr";
-}
-#endif
+    std::string const& TestSpec::Pattern::name() const {
+        return m_name;
+    }
 
-#ifdef __OBJC__
-    std::string toString( NSString const * const& nsstring ) {
-        if( !nsstring )
-            return "nil";
-        return "@" + toString([nsstring UTF8String]);
+    TestSpec::NamePattern::NamePattern( std::string const& name, std::string const& filterString )
+    : Pattern( filterString )
+    , m_wildcardPattern( toLower( name ), CaseSensitive::No )
+    {}
+
+    bool TestSpec::NamePattern::matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
+        return m_wildcardPattern.matches( testCase.name );
     }
-    std::string toString( NSString * CATCH_ARC_STRONG & nsstring ) {
-        if( !nsstring )
-            return "nil";
-        return "@" + toString([nsstring UTF8String]);
+
+    TestSpec::TagPattern::TagPattern( std::string const& tag, std::string const& filterString )
+    : Pattern( filterString )
+    , m_tag( toLower( tag ) )
+    {}
+
+    bool TestSpec::TagPattern::matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
+        return std::find(begin(testCase.lcaseTags),
+                         end(testCase.lcaseTags),
+                         m_tag) != end(testCase.lcaseTags);
     }
-    std::string toString( NSObject* const& nsObject ) {
-        return toString( [nsObject description] );
+
+    TestSpec::ExcludedPattern::ExcludedPattern( PatternPtr const& underlyingPattern )
+    : Pattern( underlyingPattern->name() )
+    , m_underlyingPattern( underlyingPattern )
+    {}
+
+    bool TestSpec::ExcludedPattern::matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
+        return !m_underlyingPattern->matches( testCase );
     }
-#endif
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+    bool TestSpec::Filter::matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
+        return std::all_of( m_patterns.begin(), m_patterns.end(), [&]( PatternPtr const& p ){ return p->matches( testCase ); } );
+    }
 
-// #included from: catch_result_builder.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_RESULT_BUILDER_HPP_INCLUDED
+    std::string TestSpec::Filter::name() const {
+        std::string name;
+        for( auto const& p : m_patterns )
+            name += p->name();
+        return name;
+    }
 
-#include <cassert>
+    bool TestSpec::hasFilters() const {
+        return !m_filters.empty();
+    }
 
-namespace Catch {
+    bool TestSpec::matches( TestCaseInfo const& testCase ) const {
+        return std::any_of( m_filters.begin(), m_filters.end(), [&]( Filter const& f ){ return f.matches( testCase ); } );
+    }
 
-    ResultBuilder::ResultBuilder(   char const* macroName,
-                                    SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo,
-                                    char const* capturedExpression,
-                                    ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition,
-                                    char const* secondArg )
-    :   m_assertionInfo( macroName, lineInfo, capturedExpression, resultDisposition, secondArg ),
-        m_shouldDebugBreak( false ),
-        m_shouldThrow( false ),
-        m_guardException( false ),
-        m_usedStream( false )
-    {}
+    TestSpec::Matches TestSpec::matchesByFilter( std::vector<TestCase> const& testCases, IConfig const& config ) const
+    {
+        Matches matches( m_filters.size() );
+        std::transform( m_filters.begin(), m_filters.end(), matches.begin(), [&]( Filter const& filter ){
+            std::vector<TestCase const*> currentMatches;
+            for( auto const& test : testCases )
+                if( isThrowSafe( test, config ) && filter.matches( test ) )
+                    currentMatches.emplace_back( &test );
+            return FilterMatch{ filter.name(), currentMatches };
+        } );
+        return matches;
+    }
 
-    ResultBuilder::~ResultBuilder() {
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE)
-        if ( m_guardException ) {
-            stream().oss << "Exception translation was disabled by CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE";
-            captureResult( ResultWas::ThrewException );
-            getCurrentContext().getResultCapture()->exceptionEarlyReported();
-        }
-#endif
+    const TestSpec::vectorStrings& TestSpec::getInvalidArgs() const{
+        return  (m_invalidArgs);
     }
 
-    ResultBuilder& ResultBuilder::setResultType( ResultWas::OfType result ) {
-        m_data.resultType = result;
+}
+// end catch_test_spec.cpp
+// start catch_test_spec_parser.cpp
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    TestSpecParser::TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry const& tagAliases ) : m_tagAliases( &tagAliases ) {}
+
+    TestSpecParser& TestSpecParser::parse( std::string const& arg ) {
+        m_mode = None;
+        m_exclusion = false;
+        m_arg = m_tagAliases->expandAliases( arg );
+        m_escapeChars.clear();
+        m_substring.reserve(m_arg.size());
+        m_patternName.reserve(m_arg.size());
+        m_realPatternPos = 0;
+
+        for( m_pos = 0; m_pos < m_arg.size(); ++m_pos )
+          //if visitChar fails
+           if( !visitChar( m_arg[m_pos] ) ){
+               m_testSpec.m_invalidArgs.push_back(arg);
+               break;
+           }
+        endMode();
         return *this;
     }
-    ResultBuilder& ResultBuilder::setResultType( bool result ) {
-        m_data.resultType = result ? ResultWas::Ok : ResultWas::ExpressionFailed;
-        return *this;
+    TestSpec TestSpecParser::testSpec() {
+        addFilter();
+        return m_testSpec;
     }
+    bool TestSpecParser::visitChar( char c ) {
+        if( (m_mode != EscapedName) && (c == '\\') ) {
+            escape();
+            addCharToPattern(c);
+            return true;
+        }else if((m_mode != EscapedName) && (c == ',') )  {
+            return separate();
+        }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::endExpression( DecomposedExpression const& expr ) {
-        // Flip bool results if FalseTest flag is set
-        if( isFalseTest( m_assertionInfo.resultDisposition ) ) {
-            m_data.negate( expr.isBinaryExpression() );
+        switch( m_mode ) {
+        case None:
+            if( processNoneChar( c ) )
+                return true;
+            break;
+        case Name:
+            processNameChar( c );
+            break;
+        case EscapedName:
+            endMode();
+            addCharToPattern(c);
+            return true;
+        default:
+        case Tag:
+        case QuotedName:
+            if( processOtherChar( c ) )
+                return true;
+            break;
         }
 
-        getResultCapture().assertionRun();
+        m_substring += c;
+        if( !isControlChar( c ) ) {
+            m_patternName += c;
+            m_realPatternPos++;
+        }
+        return true;
+    }
+    // Two of the processing methods return true to signal the caller to return
+    // without adding the given character to the current pattern strings
+    bool TestSpecParser::processNoneChar( char c ) {
+        switch( c ) {
+        case ' ':
+            return true;
+        case '~':
+            m_exclusion = true;
+            return false;
+        case '[':
+            startNewMode( Tag );
+            return false;
+        case '"':
+            startNewMode( QuotedName );
+            return false;
+        default:
+            startNewMode( Name );
+            return false;
+        }
+    }
+    void TestSpecParser::processNameChar( char c ) {
+        if( c == '[' ) {
+            if( m_substring == "exclude:" )
+                m_exclusion = true;
+            else
+                endMode();
+            startNewMode( Tag );
+        }
+    }
+    bool TestSpecParser::processOtherChar( char c ) {
+        if( !isControlChar( c ) )
+            return false;
+        m_substring += c;
+        endMode();
+        return true;
+    }
+    void TestSpecParser::startNewMode( Mode mode ) {
+        m_mode = mode;
+    }
+    void TestSpecParser::endMode() {
+        switch( m_mode ) {
+        case Name:
+        case QuotedName:
+            return addNamePattern();
+        case Tag:
+            return addTagPattern();
+        case EscapedName:
+            revertBackToLastMode();
+            return;
+        case None:
+        default:
+            return startNewMode( None );
+        }
+    }
+    void TestSpecParser::escape() {
+        saveLastMode();
+        m_mode = EscapedName;
+        m_escapeChars.push_back(m_realPatternPos);
+    }
+    bool TestSpecParser::isControlChar( char c ) const {
+        switch( m_mode ) {
+            default:
+                return false;
+            case None:
+                return c == '~';
+            case Name:
+                return c == '[';
+            case EscapedName:
+                return true;
+            case QuotedName:
+                return c == '"';
+            case Tag:
+                return c == '[' || c == ']';
+        }
+    }
 
-        if(getCurrentContext().getConfig()->includeSuccessfulResults() || m_data.resultType != ResultWas::Ok)
-        {
-            AssertionResult result = build( expr );
-            handleResult( result );
+    void TestSpecParser::addFilter() {
+        if( !m_currentFilter.m_patterns.empty() ) {
+            m_testSpec.m_filters.push_back( m_currentFilter );
+            m_currentFilter = TestSpec::Filter();
         }
-        else
-            getResultCapture().assertionPassed();
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::useActiveException( ResultDisposition::Flags resultDisposition ) {
-        m_assertionInfo.resultDisposition = resultDisposition;
-        stream().oss << Catch::translateActiveException();
-        captureResult( ResultWas::ThrewException );
+    void TestSpecParser::saveLastMode() {
+      lastMode = m_mode;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::captureResult( ResultWas::OfType resultType ) {
-        setResultType( resultType );
-        captureExpression();
+    void TestSpecParser::revertBackToLastMode() {
+      m_mode = lastMode;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::captureExpectedException( std::string const& expectedMessage ) {
-        if( expectedMessage.empty() )
-            captureExpectedException( Matchers::Impl::MatchAllOf<std::string>() );
-        else
-            captureExpectedException( Matchers::Equals( expectedMessage ) );
+    bool TestSpecParser::separate() {
+      if( (m_mode==QuotedName) || (m_mode==Tag) ){
+         //invalid argument, signal failure to previous scope.
+         m_mode = None;
+         m_pos = m_arg.size();
+         m_substring.clear();
+         m_patternName.clear();
+         m_realPatternPos = 0;
+         return false;
+      }
+      endMode();
+      addFilter();
+      return true; //success
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::captureExpectedException( Matchers::Impl::MatcherBase<std::string> const& matcher ) {
+    std::string TestSpecParser::preprocessPattern() {
+        std::string token = m_patternName;
+        for (std::size_t i = 0; i < m_escapeChars.size(); ++i)
+            token = token.substr(0, m_escapeChars[i] - i) + token.substr(m_escapeChars[i] - i + 1);
+        m_escapeChars.clear();
+        if (startsWith(token, "exclude:")) {
+            m_exclusion = true;
+            token = token.substr(8);
+        }
 
-        assert( !isFalseTest( m_assertionInfo.resultDisposition ) );
-        AssertionResultData data = m_data;
-        data.resultType = ResultWas::Ok;
-        data.reconstructedExpression = capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_assertionInfo.capturedExpression, m_assertionInfo.secondArg);
+        m_patternName.clear();
+        m_realPatternPos = 0;
 
-        std::string actualMessage = Catch::translateActiveException();
-        if( !matcher.match( actualMessage ) ) {
-            data.resultType = ResultWas::ExpressionFailed;
-            data.reconstructedExpression = actualMessage;
-        }
-        AssertionResult result( m_assertionInfo, data );
-        handleResult( result );
+        return token;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::captureExpression() {
-        AssertionResult result = build();
-        handleResult( result );
+    void TestSpecParser::addNamePattern() {
+        auto token = preprocessPattern();
+
+        if (!token.empty()) {
+            TestSpec::PatternPtr pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::NamePattern>(token, m_substring);
+            if (m_exclusion)
+                pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::ExcludedPattern>(pattern);
+            m_currentFilter.m_patterns.push_back(pattern);
+        }
+        m_substring.clear();
+        m_exclusion = false;
+        m_mode = None;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::handleResult( AssertionResult const& result )
-    {
-        getResultCapture().assertionEnded( result );
+    void TestSpecParser::addTagPattern() {
+        auto token = preprocessPattern();
 
-        if( !result.isOk() ) {
-            if( getCurrentContext().getConfig()->shouldDebugBreak() )
-                m_shouldDebugBreak = true;
-            if( getCurrentContext().getRunner()->aborting() || (m_assertionInfo.resultDisposition & ResultDisposition::Normal) )
-                m_shouldThrow = true;
+        if (!token.empty()) {
+            // If the tag pattern is the "hide and tag" shorthand (e.g. [.foo])
+            // we have to create a separate hide tag and shorten the real one
+            if (token.size() > 1 && token[0] == '.') {
+                token.erase(token.begin());
+                TestSpec::PatternPtr pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::TagPattern>(".", m_substring);
+                if (m_exclusion) {
+                    pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::ExcludedPattern>(pattern);
+                }
+                m_currentFilter.m_patterns.push_back(pattern);
+            }
+
+            TestSpec::PatternPtr pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::TagPattern>(token, m_substring);
+
+            if (m_exclusion) {
+                pattern = std::make_shared<TestSpec::ExcludedPattern>(pattern);
+            }
+            m_currentFilter.m_patterns.push_back(pattern);
         }
+        m_substring.clear();
+        m_exclusion = false;
+        m_mode = None;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::react() {
-#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_FAST_COMPILE)
-        if (m_shouldDebugBreak) {
-            ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-            // To inspect the state during test, you need to go one level up the callstack
-            // To go back to the test and change execution, jump over the throw statement
-            ///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
-            CATCH_BREAK_INTO_DEBUGGER();
-        }
-#endif
-        if( m_shouldThrow )
-            throw Catch::TestFailureException();
+    TestSpec parseTestSpec( std::string const& arg ) {
+        return TestSpecParser( ITagAliasRegistry::get() ).parse( arg ).testSpec();
     }
 
-    bool ResultBuilder::shouldDebugBreak() const { return m_shouldDebugBreak; }
-    bool ResultBuilder::allowThrows() const { return getCurrentContext().getConfig()->allowThrows(); }
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_test_spec_parser.cpp
+// start catch_timer.cpp
 
-    AssertionResult ResultBuilder::build() const
-    {
-        return build( *this );
-    }
+#include <chrono>
 
-    // CAVEAT: The returned AssertionResult stores a pointer to the argument expr,
-    //         a temporary DecomposedExpression, which in turn holds references to
-    //         operands, possibly temporary as well.
-    //         It should immediately be passed to handleResult; if the expression
-    //         needs to be reported, its string expansion must be composed before
-    //         the temporaries are destroyed.
-    AssertionResult ResultBuilder::build( DecomposedExpression const& expr ) const
-    {
-        assert( m_data.resultType != ResultWas::Unknown );
-        AssertionResultData data = m_data;
+static const uint64_t nanosecondsInSecond = 1000000000;
+
+namespace Catch {
 
-        if(m_usedStream)
-            data.message = m_stream().oss.str();
-        data.decomposedExpression = &expr; // for lazy reconstruction
-        return AssertionResult( m_assertionInfo, data );
+    auto getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch() -> uint64_t {
+        return std::chrono::duration_cast<std::chrono::nanoseconds>( std::chrono::high_resolution_clock::now().time_since_epoch() ).count();
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::reconstructExpression( std::string& dest ) const {
-        dest = capturedExpressionWithSecondArgument(m_assertionInfo.capturedExpression, m_assertionInfo.secondArg);
+    namespace {
+        auto estimateClockResolution() -> uint64_t {
+            uint64_t sum = 0;
+            static const uint64_t iterations = 1000000;
+
+            auto startTime = getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch();
+
+            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < iterations; ++i ) {
+
+                uint64_t ticks;
+                uint64_t baseTicks = getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch();
+                do {
+                    ticks = getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch();
+                } while( ticks == baseTicks );
+
+                auto delta = ticks - baseTicks;
+                sum += delta;
+
+                // If we have been calibrating for over 3 seconds -- the clock
+                // is terrible and we should move on.
+                // TBD: How to signal that the measured resolution is probably wrong?
+                if (ticks > startTime + 3 * nanosecondsInSecond) {
+                    return sum / ( i + 1u );
+                }
+            }
+
+            // We're just taking the mean, here. To do better we could take the std. dev and exclude outliers
+            // - and potentially do more iterations if there's a high variance.
+            return sum/iterations;
+        }
+    }
+    auto getEstimatedClockResolution() -> uint64_t {
+        static auto s_resolution = estimateClockResolution();
+        return s_resolution;
     }
 
-    void ResultBuilder::setExceptionGuard() {
-        m_guardException = true;
+    void Timer::start() {
+       m_nanoseconds = getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch();
     }
-    void ResultBuilder::unsetExceptionGuard() {
-        m_guardException = false;
+    auto Timer::getElapsedNanoseconds() const -> uint64_t {
+        return getCurrentNanosecondsSinceEpoch() - m_nanoseconds;
+    }
+    auto Timer::getElapsedMicroseconds() const -> uint64_t {
+        return getElapsedNanoseconds()/1000;
+    }
+    auto Timer::getElapsedMilliseconds() const -> unsigned int {
+        return static_cast<unsigned int>(getElapsedMicroseconds()/1000);
+    }
+    auto Timer::getElapsedSeconds() const -> double {
+        return getElapsedMicroseconds()/1000000.0;
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+} // namespace Catch
+// end catch_timer.cpp
+// start catch_tostring.cpp
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic push
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wexit-time-destructors"
+#    pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wglobal-constructors"
+#endif
+
+// Enable specific decls locally
+#if !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER)
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_CHRONO_STRINGMAKER
+#endif
 
-// #included from: catch_tag_alias_registry.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_TAG_ALIAS_REGISTRY_HPP_INCLUDED
+#include <cmath>
+#include <iomanip>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
-    TagAliasRegistry::~TagAliasRegistry() {}
+namespace Detail {
 
-    Option<TagAlias> TagAliasRegistry::find( std::string const& alias ) const {
-        std::map<std::string, TagAlias>::const_iterator it = m_registry.find( alias );
-        if( it != m_registry.end() )
-            return it->second;
-        else
-            return Option<TagAlias>();
-    }
+    const std::string unprintableString = "{?}";
 
-    std::string TagAliasRegistry::expandAliases( std::string const& unexpandedTestSpec ) const {
-        std::string expandedTestSpec = unexpandedTestSpec;
-        for( std::map<std::string, TagAlias>::const_iterator it = m_registry.begin(), itEnd = m_registry.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it ) {
-            std::size_t pos = expandedTestSpec.find( it->first );
-            if( pos != std::string::npos ) {
-                expandedTestSpec =  expandedTestSpec.substr( 0, pos ) +
-                                    it->second.tag +
-                                    expandedTestSpec.substr( pos + it->first.size() );
-            }
-        }
-        return expandedTestSpec;
-    }
+    namespace {
+        const int hexThreshold = 255;
 
-    void TagAliasRegistry::add( std::string const& alias, std::string const& tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) {
+        struct Endianness {
+            enum Arch { Big, Little };
 
-        if( !startsWith( alias, "[@" ) || !endsWith( alias, ']' ) ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << Colour( Colour::Red )
-                << "error: tag alias, \"" << alias << "\" is not of the form [@alias name].\n"
-                << Colour( Colour::FileName )
-                << lineInfo << '\n';
-            throw std::domain_error( oss.str().c_str() );
-        }
-        if( !m_registry.insert( std::make_pair( alias, TagAlias( tag, lineInfo ) ) ).second ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << Colour( Colour::Red )
-                << "error: tag alias, \"" << alias << "\" already registered.\n"
-                << "\tFirst seen at "
-                << Colour( Colour::Red ) << find(alias)->lineInfo << '\n'
-                << Colour( Colour::Red ) << "\tRedefined at "
-                << Colour( Colour::FileName) << lineInfo << '\n';
-            throw std::domain_error( oss.str().c_str() );
-        }
+            static Arch which() {
+                int one = 1;
+                // If the lowest byte we read is non-zero, we can assume
+                // that little endian format is used.
+                auto value = *reinterpret_cast<char*>(&one);
+                return value ? Little : Big;
+            }
+        };
     }
 
-    ITagAliasRegistry::~ITagAliasRegistry() {}
+    std::string rawMemoryToString( const void *object, std::size_t size ) {
+        // Reverse order for little endian architectures
+        int i = 0, end = static_cast<int>( size ), inc = 1;
+        if( Endianness::which() == Endianness::Little ) {
+            i = end-1;
+            end = inc = -1;
+        }
 
-    ITagAliasRegistry const& ITagAliasRegistry::get() {
-        return getRegistryHub().getTagAliasRegistry();
+        unsigned char const *bytes = static_cast<unsigned char const *>(object);
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << "0x" << std::setfill('0') << std::hex;
+        for( ; i != end; i += inc )
+             rss << std::setw(2) << static_cast<unsigned>(bytes[i]);
+       return rss.str();
     }
+}
 
-    RegistrarForTagAliases::RegistrarForTagAliases( char const* alias, char const* tag, SourceLineInfo const& lineInfo ) {
-        getMutableRegistryHub().registerTagAlias( alias, tag, lineInfo );
+template<typename T>
+std::string fpToString( T value, int precision ) {
+    if (Catch::isnan(value)) {
+        return "nan";
     }
 
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: catch_matchers_string.hpp
+    ReusableStringStream rss;
+    rss << std::setprecision( precision )
+        << std::fixed
+        << value;
+    std::string d = rss.str();
+    std::size_t i = d.find_last_not_of( '0' );
+    if( i != std::string::npos && i != d.size()-1 ) {
+        if( d[i] == '.' )
+            i++;
+        d = d.substr( 0, i+1 );
+    }
+    return d;
+}
 
-namespace Catch {
-namespace Matchers {
+//// ======================================================= ////
+//
+//   Out-of-line defs for full specialization of StringMaker
+//
+//// ======================================================= ////
 
-    namespace StdString {
+std::string StringMaker<std::string>::convert(const std::string& str) {
+    if (!getCurrentContext().getConfig()->showInvisibles()) {
+        return '"' + str + '"';
+    }
 
-        CasedString::CasedString( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity )
-        :   m_caseSensitivity( caseSensitivity ),
-            m_str( adjustString( str ) )
-        {}
-        std::string CasedString::adjustString( std::string const& str ) const {
-            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
-                   ? toLower( str )
-                   : str;
-        }
-        std::string CasedString::caseSensitivitySuffix() const {
-            return m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No
-                   ? " (case insensitive)"
-                   : std::string();
+    std::string s("\"");
+    for (char c : str) {
+        switch (c) {
+        case '\n':
+            s.append("\\n");
+            break;
+        case '\t':
+            s.append("\\t");
+            break;
+        default:
+            s.push_back(c);
+            break;
         }
+    }
+    s.append("\"");
+    return s;
+}
 
-        StringMatcherBase::StringMatcherBase( std::string const& operation, CasedString const& comparator )
-        : m_comparator( comparator ),
-          m_operation( operation ) {
-        }
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+std::string StringMaker<std::string_view>::convert(std::string_view str) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ str });
+}
+#endif
 
-        std::string StringMatcherBase::describe() const {
-            std::string description;
-            description.reserve(5 + m_operation.size() + m_comparator.m_str.size() +
-                                        m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix().size());
-            description += m_operation;
-            description += ": \"";
-            description += m_comparator.m_str;
-            description += "\"";
-            description += m_comparator.caseSensitivitySuffix();
-            return description;
-        }
+std::string StringMaker<char const*>::convert(char const* str) {
+    if (str) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ str });
+    } else {
+        return{ "{null string}" };
+    }
+}
+std::string StringMaker<char*>::convert(char* str) {
+    if (str) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::string{ str });
+    } else {
+        return{ "{null string}" };
+    }
+}
 
-        EqualsMatcher::EqualsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "equals", comparator ) {}
+#ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_WCHAR
+std::string StringMaker<std::wstring>::convert(const std::wstring& wstr) {
+    std::string s;
+    s.reserve(wstr.size());
+    for (auto c : wstr) {
+        s += (c <= 0xff) ? static_cast<char>(c) : '?';
+    }
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(s);
+}
 
-        bool EqualsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
-            return m_comparator.adjustString( source ) == m_comparator.m_str;
-        }
+# ifdef CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_STRING_VIEW
+std::string StringMaker<std::wstring_view>::convert(std::wstring_view str) {
+    return StringMaker<std::wstring>::convert(std::wstring(str));
+}
+# endif
 
-        ContainsMatcher::ContainsMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "contains", comparator ) {}
+std::string StringMaker<wchar_t const*>::convert(wchar_t const * str) {
+    if (str) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::wstring{ str });
+    } else {
+        return{ "{null string}" };
+    }
+}
+std::string StringMaker<wchar_t *>::convert(wchar_t * str) {
+    if (str) {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::wstring{ str });
+    } else {
+        return{ "{null string}" };
+    }
+}
+#endif
 
-        bool ContainsMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
-            return contains( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
-        }
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE)
+#include <cstddef>
+std::string StringMaker<std::byte>::convert(std::byte value) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(std::to_integer<unsigned long long>(value));
+}
+#endif // defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_BYTE)
 
-        StartsWithMatcher::StartsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "starts with", comparator ) {}
+std::string StringMaker<int>::convert(int value) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<long long>(value));
+}
+std::string StringMaker<long>::convert(long value) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<long long>(value));
+}
+std::string StringMaker<long long>::convert(long long value) {
+    ReusableStringStream rss;
+    rss << value;
+    if (value > Detail::hexThreshold) {
+        rss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
+    }
+    return rss.str();
+}
 
-        bool StartsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
-            return startsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
-        }
+std::string StringMaker<unsigned int>::convert(unsigned int value) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<unsigned long long>(value));
+}
+std::string StringMaker<unsigned long>::convert(unsigned long value) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<unsigned long long>(value));
+}
+std::string StringMaker<unsigned long long>::convert(unsigned long long value) {
+    ReusableStringStream rss;
+    rss << value;
+    if (value > Detail::hexThreshold) {
+        rss << " (0x" << std::hex << value << ')';
+    }
+    return rss.str();
+}
 
-        EndsWithMatcher::EndsWithMatcher( CasedString const& comparator ) : StringMatcherBase( "ends with", comparator ) {}
+std::string StringMaker<bool>::convert(bool b) {
+    return b ? "true" : "false";
+}
 
-        bool EndsWithMatcher::match( std::string const& source ) const {
-            return endsWith( m_comparator.adjustString( source ), m_comparator.m_str );
-        }
+std::string StringMaker<signed char>::convert(signed char value) {
+    if (value == '\r') {
+        return "'\\r'";
+    } else if (value == '\f') {
+        return "'\\f'";
+    } else if (value == '\n') {
+        return "'\\n'";
+    } else if (value == '\t') {
+        return "'\\t'";
+    } else if ('\0' <= value && value < ' ') {
+        return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<unsigned int>(value));
+    } else {
+        char chstr[] = "' '";
+        chstr[1] = value;
+        return chstr;
+    }
+}
+std::string StringMaker<char>::convert(char c) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<signed char>(c));
+}
+std::string StringMaker<unsigned char>::convert(unsigned char c) {
+    return ::Catch::Detail::stringify(static_cast<char>(c));
+}
 
-    } // namespace StdString
+std::string StringMaker<std::nullptr_t>::convert(std::nullptr_t) {
+    return "nullptr";
+}
 
-    StdString::EqualsMatcher Equals( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
-        return StdString::EqualsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
-    }
-    StdString::ContainsMatcher Contains( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
-        return StdString::ContainsMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
-    }
-    StdString::EndsWithMatcher EndsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
-        return StdString::EndsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
-    }
-    StdString::StartsWithMatcher StartsWith( std::string const& str, CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity ) {
-        return StdString::StartsWithMatcher( StdString::CasedString( str, caseSensitivity) );
-    }
+int StringMaker<float>::precision = 5;
 
-} // namespace Matchers
-} // namespace Catch
-// #included from: ../reporters/catch_reporter_multi.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_MULTI_HPP_INCLUDED
+std::string StringMaker<float>::convert(float value) {
+    return fpToString(value, precision) + 'f';
+}
 
-namespace Catch {
+int StringMaker<double>::precision = 10;
 
-class MultipleReporters : public SharedImpl<IStreamingReporter> {
-    typedef std::vector<Ptr<IStreamingReporter> > Reporters;
-    Reporters m_reporters;
+std::string StringMaker<double>::convert(double value) {
+    return fpToString(value, precision);
+}
 
-public:
-    void add( Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& reporter ) {
-        m_reporters.push_back( reporter );
-    }
+std::string ratio_string<std::atto>::symbol() { return "a"; }
+std::string ratio_string<std::femto>::symbol() { return "f"; }
+std::string ratio_string<std::pico>::symbol() { return "p"; }
+std::string ratio_string<std::nano>::symbol() { return "n"; }
+std::string ratio_string<std::micro>::symbol() { return "u"; }
+std::string ratio_string<std::milli>::symbol() { return "m"; }
 
-public: // IStreamingReporter
+} // end namespace Catch
 
-    virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        return m_reporters[0]->getPreferences();
-    }
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#    pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
 
-    virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->noMatchingTestCases( spec );
-    }
+// end catch_tostring.cpp
+// start catch_totals.cpp
 
-    virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testRunInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testRunStarting( testRunInfo );
-    }
+namespace Catch {
 
-    virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testGroupStarting( groupInfo );
+    Counts Counts::operator - ( Counts const& other ) const {
+        Counts diff;
+        diff.passed = passed - other.passed;
+        diff.failed = failed - other.failed;
+        diff.failedButOk = failedButOk - other.failedButOk;
+        return diff;
     }
 
-    virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testCaseStarting( testInfo );
+    Counts& Counts::operator += ( Counts const& other ) {
+        passed += other.passed;
+        failed += other.failed;
+        failedButOk += other.failedButOk;
+        return *this;
     }
 
-    virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->sectionStarting( sectionInfo );
+    std::size_t Counts::total() const {
+        return passed + failed + failedButOk;
     }
-
-    virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& assertionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->assertionStarting( assertionInfo );
+    bool Counts::allPassed() const {
+        return failed == 0 && failedButOk == 0;
     }
-
-    // The return value indicates if the messages buffer should be cleared:
-    virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        bool clearBuffer = false;
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            clearBuffer |= (*it)->assertionEnded( assertionStats );
-        return clearBuffer;
+    bool Counts::allOk() const {
+        return failed == 0;
     }
 
-    virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->sectionEnded( sectionStats );
+    Totals Totals::operator - ( Totals const& other ) const {
+        Totals diff;
+        diff.assertions = assertions - other.assertions;
+        diff.testCases = testCases - other.testCases;
+        return diff;
     }
 
-    virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testCaseEnded( testCaseStats );
+    Totals& Totals::operator += ( Totals const& other ) {
+        assertions += other.assertions;
+        testCases += other.testCases;
+        return *this;
     }
 
-    virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testGroupEnded( testGroupStats );
+    Totals Totals::delta( Totals const& prevTotals ) const {
+        Totals diff = *this - prevTotals;
+        if( diff.assertions.failed > 0 )
+            ++diff.testCases.failed;
+        else if( diff.assertions.failedButOk > 0 )
+            ++diff.testCases.failedButOk;
+        else
+            ++diff.testCases.passed;
+        return diff;
     }
 
-    virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->testRunEnded( testRunStats );
-    }
+}
+// end catch_totals.cpp
+// start catch_uncaught_exceptions.cpp
 
-    virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        for( Reporters::const_iterator it = m_reporters.begin(), itEnd = m_reporters.end();
-                it != itEnd;
-                ++it )
-            (*it)->skipTest( testInfo );
-    }
+// start catch_config_uncaught_exceptions.hpp
 
-    virtual MultipleReporters* tryAsMulti() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        return this;
-    }
+//              Copyright Catch2 Authors
+// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0.
+//   (See accompanying file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at
+//        https://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
 
-};
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: BSL-1.0
 
-Ptr<IStreamingReporter> addReporter( Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& existingReporter, Ptr<IStreamingReporter> const& additionalReporter ) {
-    Ptr<IStreamingReporter> resultingReporter;
+#ifndef CATCH_CONFIG_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS_HPP
+#define CATCH_CONFIG_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS_HPP
 
-    if( existingReporter ) {
-        MultipleReporters* multi = existingReporter->tryAsMulti();
-        if( !multi ) {
-            multi = new MultipleReporters;
-            resultingReporter = Ptr<IStreamingReporter>( multi );
-            if( existingReporter )
-                multi->add( existingReporter );
-        }
-        else
-            resultingReporter = existingReporter;
-        multi->add( additionalReporter );
-    }
-    else
-        resultingReporter = additionalReporter;
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#  if _MSC_VER >= 1900 // Visual Studio 2015 or newer
+#    define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#  endif
+#endif
 
-    return resultingReporter;
-}
+#include <exception>
 
-} // end namespace Catch
+#if defined(__cpp_lib_uncaught_exceptions) \
+    && !defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS)
 
-// #included from: ../reporters/catch_reporter_xml.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_XML_HPP_INCLUDED
+#  define CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#endif // __cpp_lib_uncaught_exceptions
 
-// #included from: catch_reporter_bases.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_BASES_HPP_INCLUDED
+#if defined(CATCH_INTERNAL_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS) \
+    && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_NO_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS) \
+    && !defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS)
 
-#include <cstring>
-#include <cfloat>
-#include <cstdio>
-#include <assert.h>
+#  define CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS
+#endif
 
-namespace Catch {
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS_HPP
+// end catch_config_uncaught_exceptions.hpp
+#include <exception>
 
-    namespace {
-        // Because formatting using c++ streams is stateful, drop down to C is required
-        // Alternatively we could use stringstream, but its performance is... not good.
-        std::string getFormattedDuration( double duration ) {
-            // Max exponent + 1 is required to represent the whole part
-            // + 1 for decimal point
-            // + 3 for the 3 decimal places
-            // + 1 for null terminator
-            const size_t maxDoubleSize = DBL_MAX_10_EXP + 1 + 1 + 3 + 1;
-            char buffer[maxDoubleSize];
-
-            // Save previous errno, to prevent sprintf from overwriting it
-            ErrnoGuard guard;
-#ifdef _MSC_VER
-            sprintf_s(buffer, "%.3f", duration);
+namespace Catch {
+    bool uncaught_exceptions() {
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_DISABLE_EXCEPTIONS)
+        return false;
+#elif defined(CATCH_CONFIG_CPP17_UNCAUGHT_EXCEPTIONS)
+        return std::uncaught_exceptions() > 0;
 #else
-            sprintf(buffer, "%.3f", duration);
+        return std::uncaught_exception();
 #endif
-            return std::string(buffer);
+  }
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_uncaught_exceptions.cpp
+// start catch_version.cpp
+
+#include <ostream>
+
+namespace Catch {
+
+    Version::Version
+        (   unsigned int _majorVersion,
+            unsigned int _minorVersion,
+            unsigned int _patchNumber,
+            char const * const _branchName,
+            unsigned int _buildNumber )
+    :   majorVersion( _majorVersion ),
+        minorVersion( _minorVersion ),
+        patchNumber( _patchNumber ),
+        branchName( _branchName ),
+        buildNumber( _buildNumber )
+    {}
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, Version const& version ) {
+        os  << version.majorVersion << '.'
+            << version.minorVersion << '.'
+            << version.patchNumber;
+        // branchName is never null -> 0th char is \0 if it is empty
+        if (version.branchName[0]) {
+            os << '-' << version.branchName
+               << '.' << version.buildNumber;
         }
+        return os;
+    }
+
+    Version const& libraryVersion() {
+        static Version version( 2, 13, 3, "", 0 );
+        return version;
     }
 
-    struct StreamingReporterBase : SharedImpl<IStreamingReporter> {
+}
+// end catch_version.cpp
+// start catch_wildcard_pattern.cpp
 
-        StreamingReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
-        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
-            stream( _config.stream() )
-        {
-            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
+namespace Catch {
+
+    WildcardPattern::WildcardPattern( std::string const& pattern,
+                                      CaseSensitive::Choice caseSensitivity )
+    :   m_caseSensitivity( caseSensitivity ),
+        m_pattern( normaliseString( pattern ) )
+    {
+        if( startsWith( m_pattern, '*' ) ) {
+            m_pattern = m_pattern.substr( 1 );
+            m_wildcard = WildcardAtStart;
         }
+        if( endsWith( m_pattern, '*' ) ) {
+            m_pattern = m_pattern.substr( 0, m_pattern.size()-1 );
+            m_wildcard = static_cast<WildcardPosition>( m_wildcard | WildcardAtEnd );
+        }
+    }
 
-        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_reporterPrefs;
+    bool WildcardPattern::matches( std::string const& str ) const {
+        switch( m_wildcard ) {
+            case NoWildcard:
+                return m_pattern == normaliseString( str );
+            case WildcardAtStart:
+                return endsWith( normaliseString( str ), m_pattern );
+            case WildcardAtEnd:
+                return startsWith( normaliseString( str ), m_pattern );
+            case WildcardAtBothEnds:
+                return contains( normaliseString( str ), m_pattern );
+            default:
+                CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR( "Unknown enum" );
         }
+    }
 
-        virtual ~StreamingReporterBase() CATCH_OVERRIDE;
+    std::string WildcardPattern::normaliseString( std::string const& str ) const {
+        return trim( m_caseSensitivity == CaseSensitive::No ? toLower( str ) : str );
+    }
+}
+// end catch_wildcard_pattern.cpp
+// start catch_xmlwriter.cpp
 
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+#include <iomanip>
+#include <type_traits>
 
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& _testRunInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentTestRunInfo = _testRunInfo;
-        }
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& _groupInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentGroupInfo = _groupInfo;
-        }
+namespace Catch {
 
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& _testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentTestCaseInfo = _testInfo;
+namespace {
+
+    size_t trailingBytes(unsigned char c) {
+        if ((c & 0xE0) == 0xC0) {
+            return 2;
         }
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_sectionStack.push_back( _sectionInfo );
+        if ((c & 0xF0) == 0xE0) {
+            return 3;
         }
-
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& /* _sectionStats */ ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        if ((c & 0xF8) == 0xF0) {
+            return 4;
         }
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& /* _testCaseStats */ ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Invalid multibyte utf-8 start byte encountered");
+    }
+
+    uint32_t headerValue(unsigned char c) {
+        if ((c & 0xE0) == 0xC0) {
+            return c & 0x1F;
         }
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& /* _testGroupStats */ ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentGroupInfo.reset();
+        if ((c & 0xF0) == 0xE0) {
+            return c & 0x0F;
         }
-        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& /* _testRunStats */ ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            currentTestCaseInfo.reset();
-            currentGroupInfo.reset();
-            currentTestRunInfo.reset();
+        if ((c & 0xF8) == 0xF0) {
+            return c & 0x07;
         }
+        CATCH_INTERNAL_ERROR("Invalid multibyte utf-8 start byte encountered");
+    }
 
-        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            // Don't do anything with this by default.
-            // It can optionally be overridden in the derived class.
-        }
+    void hexEscapeChar(std::ostream& os, unsigned char c) {
+        std::ios_base::fmtflags f(os.flags());
+        os << "\\x"
+            << std::uppercase << std::hex << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(2)
+            << static_cast<int>(c);
+        os.flags(f);
+    }
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> m_config;
-        std::ostream& stream;
+    bool shouldNewline(XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        return !!(static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(fmt & XmlFormatting::Newline));
+    }
 
-        LazyStat<TestRunInfo> currentTestRunInfo;
-        LazyStat<GroupInfo> currentGroupInfo;
-        LazyStat<TestCaseInfo> currentTestCaseInfo;
+    bool shouldIndent(XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        return !!(static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(fmt & XmlFormatting::Indent));
+    }
 
-        std::vector<SectionInfo> m_sectionStack;
-        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
-    };
+} // anonymous namespace
 
-    struct CumulativeReporterBase : SharedImpl<IStreamingReporter> {
-        template<typename T, typename ChildNodeT>
-        struct Node : SharedImpl<> {
-            explicit Node( T const& _value ) : value( _value ) {}
-            virtual ~Node() {}
+    XmlFormatting operator | (XmlFormatting lhs, XmlFormatting rhs) {
+        return static_cast<XmlFormatting>(
+            static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(lhs) |
+            static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(rhs)
+        );
+    }
 
-            typedef std::vector<Ptr<ChildNodeT> > ChildNodes;
-            T value;
-            ChildNodes children;
-        };
-        struct SectionNode : SharedImpl<> {
-            explicit SectionNode( SectionStats const& _stats ) : stats( _stats ) {}
-            virtual ~SectionNode();
+    XmlFormatting operator & (XmlFormatting lhs, XmlFormatting rhs) {
+        return static_cast<XmlFormatting>(
+            static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(lhs) &
+            static_cast<std::underlying_type<XmlFormatting>::type>(rhs)
+        );
+    }
 
-            bool operator == ( SectionNode const& other ) const {
-                return stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == other.stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo;
-            }
-            bool operator == ( Ptr<SectionNode> const& other ) const {
-                return operator==( *other );
-            }
+    XmlEncode::XmlEncode( std::string const& str, ForWhat forWhat )
+    :   m_str( str ),
+        m_forWhat( forWhat )
+    {}
 
-            SectionStats stats;
-            typedef std::vector<Ptr<SectionNode> > ChildSections;
-            typedef std::vector<AssertionStats> Assertions;
-            ChildSections childSections;
-            Assertions assertions;
-            std::string stdOut;
-            std::string stdErr;
-        };
+    void XmlEncode::encodeTo( std::ostream& os ) const {
+        // Apostrophe escaping not necessary if we always use " to write attributes
+        // (see: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml/#syntax)
 
-        struct BySectionInfo {
-            BySectionInfo( SectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other ) {}
-            BySectionInfo( BySectionInfo const& other ) : m_other( other.m_other ) {}
-            bool operator() ( Ptr<SectionNode> const& node ) const {
-                return ((node->stats.sectionInfo.name == m_other.name) &&
-                        (node->stats.sectionInfo.lineInfo == m_other.lineInfo));
-            }
-        private:
-            void operator=( BySectionInfo const& );
-            SectionInfo const& m_other;
-        };
+        for( std::size_t idx = 0; idx < m_str.size(); ++ idx ) {
+            unsigned char c = m_str[idx];
+            switch (c) {
+            case '<':   os << "&lt;"; break;
+            case '&':   os << "&amp;"; break;
 
-        typedef Node<TestCaseStats, SectionNode> TestCaseNode;
-        typedef Node<TestGroupStats, TestCaseNode> TestGroupNode;
-        typedef Node<TestRunStats, TestGroupNode> TestRunNode;
+            case '>':
+                // See: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml/#syntax
+                if (idx > 2 && m_str[idx - 1] == ']' && m_str[idx - 2] == ']')
+                    os << "&gt;";
+                else
+                    os << c;
+                break;
 
-        CumulativeReporterBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
-        :   m_config( _config.fullConfig() ),
-            stream( _config.stream() )
-        {
-            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = false;
-        }
-        ~CumulativeReporterBase();
+            case '\"':
+                if (m_forWhat == ForAttributes)
+                    os << "&quot;";
+                else
+                    os << c;
+                break;
 
-        virtual ReporterPreferences getPreferences() const CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return m_reporterPrefs;
-        }
+            default:
+                // Check for control characters and invalid utf-8
 
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+                // Escape control characters in standard ascii
+                // see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/404107/why-are-control-characters-illegal-in-xml-1-0
+                if (c < 0x09 || (c > 0x0D && c < 0x20) || c == 0x7F) {
+                    hexEscapeChar(os, c);
+                    break;
+                }
 
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+                // Plain ASCII: Write it to stream
+                if (c < 0x7F) {
+                    os << c;
+                    break;
+                }
 
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            SectionStats incompleteStats( sectionInfo, Counts(), 0, false );
-            Ptr<SectionNode> node;
-            if( m_sectionStack.empty() ) {
-                if( !m_rootSection )
-                    m_rootSection = new SectionNode( incompleteStats );
-                node = m_rootSection;
-            }
-            else {
-                SectionNode& parentNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
-                SectionNode::ChildSections::const_iterator it =
-                    std::find_if(   parentNode.childSections.begin(),
-                                    parentNode.childSections.end(),
-                                    BySectionInfo( sectionInfo ) );
-                if( it == parentNode.childSections.end() ) {
-                    node = new SectionNode( incompleteStats );
-                    parentNode.childSections.push_back( node );
+                // UTF-8 territory
+                // Check if the encoding is valid and if it is not, hex escape bytes.
+                // Important: We do not check the exact decoded values for validity, only the encoding format
+                // First check that this bytes is a valid lead byte:
+                // This means that it is not encoded as 1111 1XXX
+                // Or as 10XX XXXX
+                if (c <  0xC0 ||
+                    c >= 0xF8) {
+                    hexEscapeChar(os, c);
+                    break;
                 }
-                else
-                    node = *it;
+
+                auto encBytes = trailingBytes(c);
+                // Are there enough bytes left to avoid accessing out-of-bounds memory?
+                if (idx + encBytes - 1 >= m_str.size()) {
+                    hexEscapeChar(os, c);
+                    break;
+                }
+                // The header is valid, check data
+                // The next encBytes bytes must together be a valid utf-8
+                // This means: bitpattern 10XX XXXX and the extracted value is sane (ish)
+                bool valid = true;
+                uint32_t value = headerValue(c);
+                for (std::size_t n = 1; n < encBytes; ++n) {
+                    unsigned char nc = m_str[idx + n];
+                    valid &= ((nc & 0xC0) == 0x80);
+                    value = (value << 6) | (nc & 0x3F);
+                }
+
+                if (
+                    // Wrong bit pattern of following bytes
+                    (!valid) ||
+                    // Overlong encodings
+                    (value < 0x80) ||
+                    (0x80 <= value && value < 0x800   && encBytes > 2) ||
+                    (0x800 < value && value < 0x10000 && encBytes > 3) ||
+                    // Encoded value out of range
+                    (value >= 0x110000)
+                    ) {
+                    hexEscapeChar(os, c);
+                    break;
+                }
+
+                // If we got here, this is in fact a valid(ish) utf-8 sequence
+                for (std::size_t n = 0; n < encBytes; ++n) {
+                    os << m_str[idx + n];
+                }
+                idx += encBytes - 1;
+                break;
             }
-            m_sectionStack.push_back( node );
-            m_deepestSection = node;
         }
+    }
+
+    std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, XmlEncode const& xmlEncode ) {
+        xmlEncode.encodeTo( os );
+        return os;
+    }
 
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement::ScopedElement( XmlWriter* writer, XmlFormatting fmt )
+    :   m_writer( writer ),
+        m_fmt(fmt)
+    {}
 
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            assert( !m_sectionStack.empty() );
-            SectionNode& sectionNode = *m_sectionStack.back();
-            sectionNode.assertions.push_back( assertionStats );
-            // AssertionResult holds a pointer to a temporary DecomposedExpression,
-            // which getExpandedExpression() calls to build the expression string.
-            // Our section stack copy of the assertionResult will likely outlive the
-            // temporary, so it must be expanded or discarded now to avoid calling
-            // a destroyed object later.
-            prepareExpandedExpression( sectionNode.assertions.back().assertionResult );
-            return true;
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement::ScopedElement( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept
+    :   m_writer( other.m_writer ),
+        m_fmt(other.m_fmt)
+    {
+        other.m_writer = nullptr;
+        other.m_fmt = XmlFormatting::None;
+    }
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement& XmlWriter::ScopedElement::operator=( ScopedElement&& other ) noexcept {
+        if ( m_writer ) {
+            m_writer->endElement();
         }
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            assert( !m_sectionStack.empty() );
-            SectionNode& node = *m_sectionStack.back();
-            node.stats = sectionStats;
-            m_sectionStack.pop_back();
+        m_writer = other.m_writer;
+        other.m_writer = nullptr;
+        m_fmt = other.m_fmt;
+        other.m_fmt = XmlFormatting::None;
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement::~ScopedElement() {
+        if (m_writer) {
+            m_writer->endElement(m_fmt);
         }
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            Ptr<TestCaseNode> node = new TestCaseNode( testCaseStats );
-            assert( m_sectionStack.size() == 0 );
-            node->children.push_back( m_rootSection );
-            m_testCases.push_back( node );
-            m_rootSection.reset();
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement& XmlWriter::ScopedElement::writeText( std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt ) {
+        m_writer->writeText( text, fmt );
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter::XmlWriter( std::ostream& os ) : m_os( os )
+    {
+        writeDeclaration();
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter::~XmlWriter() {
+        while (!m_tags.empty()) {
+            endElement();
+        }
+        newlineIfNecessary();
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::startElement( std::string const& name, XmlFormatting fmt ) {
+        ensureTagClosed();
+        newlineIfNecessary();
+        if (shouldIndent(fmt)) {
+            m_os << m_indent;
+            m_indent += "  ";
+        }
+        m_os << '<' << name;
+        m_tags.push_back( name );
+        m_tagIsOpen = true;
+        applyFormatting(fmt);
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter::ScopedElement XmlWriter::scopedElement( std::string const& name, XmlFormatting fmt ) {
+        ScopedElement scoped( this, fmt );
+        startElement( name, fmt );
+        return scoped;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::endElement(XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        m_indent = m_indent.substr(0, m_indent.size() - 2);
+
+        if( m_tagIsOpen ) {
+            m_os << "/>";
+            m_tagIsOpen = false;
+        } else {
+            newlineIfNecessary();
+            if (shouldIndent(fmt)) {
+                m_os << m_indent;
+            }
+            m_os << "</" << m_tags.back() << ">";
+        }
+        m_os << std::flush;
+        applyFormatting(fmt);
+        m_tags.pop_back();
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::writeAttribute( std::string const& name, std::string const& attribute ) {
+        if( !name.empty() && !attribute.empty() )
+            m_os << ' ' << name << "=\"" << XmlEncode( attribute, XmlEncode::ForAttributes ) << '"';
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::writeAttribute( std::string const& name, bool attribute ) {
+        m_os << ' ' << name << "=\"" << ( attribute ? "true" : "false" ) << '"';
+        return *this;
+    }
 
-            assert( m_deepestSection );
-            m_deepestSection->stdOut = testCaseStats.stdOut;
-            m_deepestSection->stdErr = testCaseStats.stdErr;
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::writeText( std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        if( !text.empty() ){
+            bool tagWasOpen = m_tagIsOpen;
+            ensureTagClosed();
+            if (tagWasOpen && shouldIndent(fmt)) {
+                m_os << m_indent;
+            }
+            m_os << XmlEncode( text );
+            applyFormatting(fmt);
         }
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            Ptr<TestGroupNode> node = new TestGroupNode( testGroupStats );
-            node->children.swap( m_testCases );
-            m_testGroups.push_back( node );
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::writeComment( std::string const& text, XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        ensureTagClosed();
+        if (shouldIndent(fmt)) {
+            m_os << m_indent;
         }
-        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            Ptr<TestRunNode> node = new TestRunNode( testRunStats );
-            node->children.swap( m_testGroups );
-            m_testRuns.push_back( node );
-            testRunEndedCumulative();
+        m_os << "<!--" << text << "-->";
+        applyFormatting(fmt);
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    void XmlWriter::writeStylesheetRef( std::string const& url ) {
+        m_os << "<?xml-stylesheet type=\"text/xsl\" href=\"" << url << "\"?>\n";
+    }
+
+    XmlWriter& XmlWriter::writeBlankLine() {
+        ensureTagClosed();
+        m_os << '\n';
+        return *this;
+    }
+
+    void XmlWriter::ensureTagClosed() {
+        if( m_tagIsOpen ) {
+            m_os << '>' << std::flush;
+            newlineIfNecessary();
+            m_tagIsOpen = false;
         }
-        virtual void testRunEndedCumulative() = 0;
+    }
 
-        virtual void skipTest( TestCaseInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
+    void XmlWriter::applyFormatting(XmlFormatting fmt) {
+        m_needsNewline = shouldNewline(fmt);
+    }
 
-        virtual void prepareExpandedExpression( AssertionResult& result ) const {
-            if( result.isOk() )
-                result.discardDecomposedExpression();
-            else
-                result.expandDecomposedExpression();
+    void XmlWriter::writeDeclaration() {
+        m_os << "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n";
+    }
+
+    void XmlWriter::newlineIfNecessary() {
+        if( m_needsNewline ) {
+            m_os << std::endl;
+            m_needsNewline = false;
         }
+    }
+}
+// end catch_xmlwriter.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_bases.cpp
 
-        Ptr<IConfig const> m_config;
-        std::ostream& stream;
-        std::vector<AssertionStats> m_assertions;
-        std::vector<std::vector<Ptr<SectionNode> > > m_sections;
-        std::vector<Ptr<TestCaseNode> > m_testCases;
-        std::vector<Ptr<TestGroupNode> > m_testGroups;
+#include <cstring>
+#include <cfloat>
+#include <cstdio>
+#include <cassert>
+#include <memory>
 
-        std::vector<Ptr<TestRunNode> > m_testRuns;
+namespace Catch {
+    void prepareExpandedExpression(AssertionResult& result) {
+        result.getExpandedExpression();
+    }
 
-        Ptr<SectionNode> m_rootSection;
-        Ptr<SectionNode> m_deepestSection;
-        std::vector<Ptr<SectionNode> > m_sectionStack;
-        ReporterPreferences m_reporterPrefs;
+    // Because formatting using c++ streams is stateful, drop down to C is required
+    // Alternatively we could use stringstream, but its performance is... not good.
+    std::string getFormattedDuration( double duration ) {
+        // Max exponent + 1 is required to represent the whole part
+        // + 1 for decimal point
+        // + 3 for the 3 decimal places
+        // + 1 for null terminator
+        const std::size_t maxDoubleSize = DBL_MAX_10_EXP + 1 + 1 + 3 + 1;
+        char buffer[maxDoubleSize];
 
-    };
+        // Save previous errno, to prevent sprintf from overwriting it
+        ErrnoGuard guard;
+#ifdef _MSC_VER
+        sprintf_s(buffer, "%.3f", duration);
+#else
+        std::sprintf(buffer, "%.3f", duration);
+#endif
+        return std::string(buffer);
+    }
 
-    template<char C>
-    char const* getLineOfChars() {
-        static char line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH] = {0};
-        if( !*line ) {
-            std::memset( line, C, CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1 );
-            line[CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH-1] = 0;
+    bool shouldShowDuration( IConfig const& config, double duration ) {
+        if ( config.showDurations() == ShowDurations::Always ) {
+            return true;
         }
-        return line;
+        if ( config.showDurations() == ShowDurations::Never ) {
+            return false;
+        }
+        const double min = config.minDuration();
+        return min >= 0 && duration >= min;
     }
 
-    struct TestEventListenerBase : StreamingReporterBase {
-        TestEventListenerBase( ReporterConfig const& _config )
-        :   StreamingReporterBase( _config )
-        {}
+    std::string serializeFilters( std::vector<std::string> const& container ) {
+        ReusableStringStream oss;
+        bool first = true;
+        for (auto&& filter : container)
+        {
+            if (!first)
+                oss << ' ';
+            else
+                first = false;
 
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            return false;
+            oss << filter;
         }
-    };
+        return oss.str();
+    }
+
+    TestEventListenerBase::TestEventListenerBase(ReporterConfig const & _config)
+        :StreamingReporterBase(_config) {}
+
+    std::set<Verbosity> TestEventListenerBase::getSupportedVerbosities() {
+        return { Verbosity::Quiet, Verbosity::Normal, Verbosity::High };
+    }
+
+    void TestEventListenerBase::assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const &) {}
+
+    bool TestEventListenerBase::assertionEnded(AssertionStats const &) {
+        return false;
+    }
 
 } // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_reporter_bases.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_compact.cpp
 
-// #included from: ../internal/catch_reporter_registrars.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_REGISTRARS_HPP_INCLUDED
+namespace {
 
-namespace Catch {
+#ifdef CATCH_PLATFORM_MAC
+    const char* failedString() { return "FAILED"; }
+    const char* passedString() { return "PASSED"; }
+#else
+    const char* failedString() { return "failed"; }
+    const char* passedString() { return "passed"; }
+#endif
 
-    template<typename T>
-    class LegacyReporterRegistrar {
+    // Colour::LightGrey
+    Catch::Colour::Code dimColour() { return Catch::Colour::FileName; }
 
-        class ReporterFactory : public IReporterFactory {
-            virtual IStreamingReporter* create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const {
-                return new LegacyReporterAdapter( new T( config ) );
-            }
+    std::string bothOrAll( std::size_t count ) {
+        return count == 1 ? std::string() :
+               count == 2 ? "both " : "all " ;
+    }
 
-            virtual std::string getDescription() const {
-                return T::getDescription();
-            }
-        };
+} // anon namespace
 
-    public:
+namespace Catch {
+namespace {
+// Colour, message variants:
+// - white: No tests ran.
+// -   red: Failed [both/all] N test cases, failed [both/all] M assertions.
+// - white: Passed [both/all] N test cases (no assertions).
+// -   red: Failed N tests cases, failed M assertions.
+// - green: Passed [both/all] N tests cases with M assertions.
+void printTotals(std::ostream& out, const Totals& totals) {
+    if (totals.testCases.total() == 0) {
+        out << "No tests ran.";
+    } else if (totals.testCases.failed == totals.testCases.total()) {
+        Colour colour(Colour::ResultError);
+        const std::string qualify_assertions_failed =
+            totals.assertions.failed == totals.assertions.total() ?
+            bothOrAll(totals.assertions.failed) : std::string();
+        out <<
+            "Failed " << bothOrAll(totals.testCases.failed)
+            << pluralise(totals.testCases.failed, "test case") << ", "
+            "failed " << qualify_assertions_failed <<
+            pluralise(totals.assertions.failed, "assertion") << '.';
+    } else if (totals.assertions.total() == 0) {
+        out <<
+            "Passed " << bothOrAll(totals.testCases.total())
+            << pluralise(totals.testCases.total(), "test case")
+            << " (no assertions).";
+    } else if (totals.assertions.failed) {
+        Colour colour(Colour::ResultError);
+        out <<
+            "Failed " << pluralise(totals.testCases.failed, "test case") << ", "
+            "failed " << pluralise(totals.assertions.failed, "assertion") << '.';
+    } else {
+        Colour colour(Colour::ResultSuccess);
+        out <<
+            "Passed " << bothOrAll(totals.testCases.passed)
+            << pluralise(totals.testCases.passed, "test case") <<
+            " with " << pluralise(totals.assertions.passed, "assertion") << '.';
+    }
+}
 
-        LegacyReporterRegistrar( std::string const& name ) {
-            getMutableRegistryHub().registerReporter( name, new ReporterFactory() );
+// Implementation of CompactReporter formatting
+class AssertionPrinter {
+public:
+    AssertionPrinter& operator= (AssertionPrinter const&) = delete;
+    AssertionPrinter(AssertionPrinter const&) = delete;
+    AssertionPrinter(std::ostream& _stream, AssertionStats const& _stats, bool _printInfoMessages)
+        : stream(_stream)
+        , result(_stats.assertionResult)
+        , messages(_stats.infoMessages)
+        , itMessage(_stats.infoMessages.begin())
+        , printInfoMessages(_printInfoMessages) {}
+
+    void print() {
+        printSourceInfo();
+
+        itMessage = messages.begin();
+
+        switch (result.getResultType()) {
+        case ResultWas::Ok:
+            printResultType(Colour::ResultSuccess, passedString());
+            printOriginalExpression();
+            printReconstructedExpression();
+            if (!result.hasExpression())
+                printRemainingMessages(Colour::None);
+            else
+                printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ExpressionFailed:
+            if (result.isOk())
+                printResultType(Colour::ResultSuccess, failedString() + std::string(" - but was ok"));
+            else
+                printResultType(Colour::Error, failedString());
+            printOriginalExpression();
+            printReconstructedExpression();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ThrewException:
+            printResultType(Colour::Error, failedString());
+            printIssue("unexpected exception with message:");
+            printMessage();
+            printExpressionWas();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition:
+            printResultType(Colour::Error, failedString());
+            printIssue("fatal error condition with message:");
+            printMessage();
+            printExpressionWas();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::DidntThrowException:
+            printResultType(Colour::Error, failedString());
+            printIssue("expected exception, got none");
+            printExpressionWas();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::Info:
+            printResultType(Colour::None, "info");
+            printMessage();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::Warning:
+            printResultType(Colour::None, "warning");
+            printMessage();
+            printRemainingMessages();
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ExplicitFailure:
+            printResultType(Colour::Error, failedString());
+            printIssue("explicitly");
+            printRemainingMessages(Colour::None);
+            break;
+            // These cases are here to prevent compiler warnings
+        case ResultWas::Unknown:
+        case ResultWas::FailureBit:
+        case ResultWas::Exception:
+            printResultType(Colour::Error, "** internal error **");
+            break;
         }
-    };
-
-    template<typename T>
-    class ReporterRegistrar {
+    }
 
-        class ReporterFactory : public SharedImpl<IReporterFactory> {
+private:
+    void printSourceInfo() const {
+        Colour colourGuard(Colour::FileName);
+        stream << result.getSourceInfo() << ':';
+    }
 
-            // *** Please Note ***:
-            // - If you end up here looking at a compiler error because it's trying to register
-            // your custom reporter class be aware that the native reporter interface has changed
-            // to IStreamingReporter. The "legacy" interface, IReporter, is still supported via
-            // an adapter. Just use REGISTER_LEGACY_REPORTER to take advantage of the adapter.
-            // However please consider updating to the new interface as the old one is now
-            // deprecated and will probably be removed quite soon!
-            // Please contact me via github if you have any questions at all about this.
-            // In fact, ideally, please contact me anyway to let me know you've hit this - as I have
-            // no idea who is actually using custom reporters at all (possibly no-one!).
-            // The new interface is designed to minimise exposure to interface changes in the future.
-            virtual IStreamingReporter* create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const {
-                return new T( config );
+    void printResultType(Colour::Code colour, std::string const& passOrFail) const {
+        if (!passOrFail.empty()) {
+            {
+                Colour colourGuard(colour);
+                stream << ' ' << passOrFail;
             }
+            stream << ':';
+        }
+    }
 
-            virtual std::string getDescription() const {
-                return T::getDescription();
+    void printIssue(std::string const& issue) const {
+        stream << ' ' << issue;
+    }
+
+    void printExpressionWas() {
+        if (result.hasExpression()) {
+            stream << ';';
+            {
+                Colour colour(dimColour());
+                stream << " expression was:";
             }
-        };
+            printOriginalExpression();
+        }
+    }
 
-    public:
+    void printOriginalExpression() const {
+        if (result.hasExpression()) {
+            stream << ' ' << result.getExpression();
+        }
+    }
 
-        ReporterRegistrar( std::string const& name ) {
-            getMutableRegistryHub().registerReporter( name, new ReporterFactory() );
+    void printReconstructedExpression() const {
+        if (result.hasExpandedExpression()) {
+            {
+                Colour colour(dimColour());
+                stream << " for: ";
+            }
+            stream << result.getExpandedExpression();
         }
-    };
+    }
 
-    template<typename T>
-    class ListenerRegistrar {
+    void printMessage() {
+        if (itMessage != messages.end()) {
+            stream << " '" << itMessage->message << '\'';
+            ++itMessage;
+        }
+    }
 
-        class ListenerFactory : public SharedImpl<IReporterFactory> {
+    void printRemainingMessages(Colour::Code colour = dimColour()) {
+        if (itMessage == messages.end())
+            return;
 
-            virtual IStreamingReporter* create( ReporterConfig const& config ) const {
-                return new T( config );
-            }
-            virtual std::string getDescription() const {
-                return std::string();
-            }
-        };
+        const auto itEnd = messages.cend();
+        const auto N = static_cast<std::size_t>(std::distance(itMessage, itEnd));
 
-    public:
+        {
+            Colour colourGuard(colour);
+            stream << " with " << pluralise(N, "message") << ':';
+        }
 
-        ListenerRegistrar() {
-            getMutableRegistryHub().registerListener( new ListenerFactory() );
+        while (itMessage != itEnd) {
+            // If this assertion is a warning ignore any INFO messages
+            if (printInfoMessages || itMessage->type != ResultWas::Info) {
+                printMessage();
+                if (itMessage != itEnd) {
+                    Colour colourGuard(dimColour());
+                    stream << " and";
+                }
+                continue;
+            }
+            ++itMessage;
         }
-    };
-}
+    }
 
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_LEGACY_REPORTER( name, reporterType ) \
-    namespace{ Catch::LegacyReporterRegistrar<reporterType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##reporterType( name ); }
+private:
+    std::ostream& stream;
+    AssertionResult const& result;
+    std::vector<MessageInfo> messages;
+    std::vector<MessageInfo>::const_iterator itMessage;
+    bool printInfoMessages;
+};
 
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( name, reporterType ) \
-    namespace{ Catch::ReporterRegistrar<reporterType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##reporterType( name ); }
+} // anon namespace
 
-// Deprecated - use the form without INTERNAL_
-#define INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER( listenerType ) \
-    namespace{ Catch::ListenerRegistrar<listenerType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##listenerType; }
+        std::string CompactReporter::getDescription() {
+            return "Reports test results on a single line, suitable for IDEs";
+        }
 
-#define CATCH_REGISTER_LISTENER( listenerType ) \
-    namespace{ Catch::ListenerRegistrar<listenerType> catch_internal_RegistrarFor##listenerType; }
+        void CompactReporter::noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) {
+            stream << "No test cases matched '" << spec << '\'' << std::endl;
+        }
 
-// #included from: ../internal/catch_xmlwriter.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_XMLWRITER_HPP_INCLUDED
+        void CompactReporter::assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) {}
 
-#include <sstream>
-#include <string>
-#include <vector>
-#include <iomanip>
+        bool CompactReporter::assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& _assertionStats ) {
+            AssertionResult const& result = _assertionStats.assertionResult;
 
-namespace Catch {
+            bool printInfoMessages = true;
 
-    class XmlEncode {
-    public:
-        enum ForWhat { ForTextNodes, ForAttributes };
+            // Drop out if result was successful and we're not printing those
+            if( !m_config->includeSuccessfulResults() && result.isOk() ) {
+                if( result.getResultType() != ResultWas::Warning )
+                    return false;
+                printInfoMessages = false;
+            }
 
-        XmlEncode( std::string const& str, ForWhat forWhat = ForTextNodes )
-        :   m_str( str ),
-            m_forWhat( forWhat )
-        {}
+            AssertionPrinter printer( stream, _assertionStats, printInfoMessages );
+            printer.print();
 
-        void encodeTo( std::ostream& os ) const {
-
-            // Apostrophe escaping not necessary if we always use " to write attributes
-            // (see: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml/#syntax)
-
-            for( std::size_t i = 0; i < m_str.size(); ++ i ) {
-                char c = m_str[i];
-                switch( c ) {
-                    case '<':   os << "&lt;"; break;
-                    case '&':   os << "&amp;"; break;
-
-                    case '>':
-                        // See: http://www.w3.org/TR/xml/#syntax
-                        if( i > 2 && m_str[i-1] == ']' && m_str[i-2] == ']' )
-                            os << "&gt;";
-                        else
-                            os << c;
-                        break;
-
-                    case '\"':
-                        if( m_forWhat == ForAttributes )
-                            os << "&quot;";
-                        else
-                            os << c;
-                        break;
-
-                    default:
-                        // Escape control chars - based on contribution by @espenalb in PR #465 and
-                        // by @mrpi PR #588
-                        if ( ( c >= 0 && c < '\x09' ) || ( c > '\x0D' && c < '\x20') || c=='\x7F' ) {
-                            // see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/404107/why-are-control-characters-illegal-in-xml-1-0
-                            os << "\\x" << std::uppercase << std::hex << std::setfill('0') << std::setw(2)
-                               << static_cast<int>( c );
-                        }
-                        else
-                            os << c;
-                }
+            stream << std::endl;
+            return true;
+        }
+
+        void CompactReporter::sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) {
+            double dur = _sectionStats.durationInSeconds;
+            if ( shouldShowDuration( *m_config, dur ) ) {
+                stream << getFormattedDuration( dur ) << " s: " << _sectionStats.sectionInfo.name << std::endl;
             }
         }
 
-        friend std::ostream& operator << ( std::ostream& os, XmlEncode const& xmlEncode ) {
-            xmlEncode.encodeTo( os );
-            return os;
+        void CompactReporter::testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& _testRunStats ) {
+            printTotals( stream, _testRunStats.totals );
+            stream << '\n' << std::endl;
+            StreamingReporterBase::testRunEnded( _testRunStats );
         }
 
-    private:
-        std::string m_str;
-        ForWhat m_forWhat;
-    };
+        CompactReporter::~CompactReporter() {}
 
-    class XmlWriter {
-    public:
+    CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( "compact", CompactReporter )
 
-        class ScopedElement {
-        public:
-            ScopedElement( XmlWriter* writer )
-            :   m_writer( writer )
-            {}
+} // end namespace Catch
+// end catch_reporter_compact.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_console.cpp
 
-            ScopedElement( ScopedElement const& other )
-            :   m_writer( other.m_writer ){
-                other.m_writer = CATCH_NULL;
-            }
+#include <cfloat>
+#include <cstdio>
 
-            ~ScopedElement() {
-                if( m_writer )
-                    m_writer->endElement();
-            }
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(push)
+#pragma warning(disable:4061) // Not all labels are EXPLICITLY handled in switch
+ // Note that 4062 (not all labels are handled and default is missing) is enabled
+#endif
 
-            ScopedElement& writeText( std::string const& text, bool indent = true ) {
-                m_writer->writeText( text, indent );
-                return *this;
-            }
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#  pragma clang diagnostic push
+// For simplicity, benchmarking-only helpers are always enabled
+#  pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wunused-function"
+#endif
 
-            template<typename T>
-            ScopedElement& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
-                m_writer->writeAttribute( name, attribute );
-                return *this;
-            }
+namespace Catch {
 
-        private:
-            mutable XmlWriter* m_writer;
-        };
+namespace {
 
-        XmlWriter()
-        :   m_tagIsOpen( false ),
-            m_needsNewline( false ),
-            m_os( Catch::cout() )
-        {
-            writeDeclaration();
+// Formatter impl for ConsoleReporter
+class ConsoleAssertionPrinter {
+public:
+    ConsoleAssertionPrinter& operator= (ConsoleAssertionPrinter const&) = delete;
+    ConsoleAssertionPrinter(ConsoleAssertionPrinter const&) = delete;
+    ConsoleAssertionPrinter(std::ostream& _stream, AssertionStats const& _stats, bool _printInfoMessages)
+        : stream(_stream),
+        stats(_stats),
+        result(_stats.assertionResult),
+        colour(Colour::None),
+        message(result.getMessage()),
+        messages(_stats.infoMessages),
+        printInfoMessages(_printInfoMessages) {
+        switch (result.getResultType()) {
+        case ResultWas::Ok:
+            colour = Colour::Success;
+            passOrFail = "PASSED";
+            //if( result.hasMessage() )
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() == 1)
+                messageLabel = "with message";
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() > 1)
+                messageLabel = "with messages";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ExpressionFailed:
+            if (result.isOk()) {
+                colour = Colour::Success;
+                passOrFail = "FAILED - but was ok";
+            } else {
+                colour = Colour::Error;
+                passOrFail = "FAILED";
+            }
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() == 1)
+                messageLabel = "with message";
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() > 1)
+                messageLabel = "with messages";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ThrewException:
+            colour = Colour::Error;
+            passOrFail = "FAILED";
+            messageLabel = "due to unexpected exception with ";
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() == 1)
+                messageLabel += "message";
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() > 1)
+                messageLabel += "messages";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition:
+            colour = Colour::Error;
+            passOrFail = "FAILED";
+            messageLabel = "due to a fatal error condition";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::DidntThrowException:
+            colour = Colour::Error;
+            passOrFail = "FAILED";
+            messageLabel = "because no exception was thrown where one was expected";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::Info:
+            messageLabel = "info";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::Warning:
+            messageLabel = "warning";
+            break;
+        case ResultWas::ExplicitFailure:
+            passOrFail = "FAILED";
+            colour = Colour::Error;
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() == 1)
+                messageLabel = "explicitly with message";
+            if (_stats.infoMessages.size() > 1)
+                messageLabel = "explicitly with messages";
+            break;
+            // These cases are here to prevent compiler warnings
+        case ResultWas::Unknown:
+        case ResultWas::FailureBit:
+        case ResultWas::Exception:
+            passOrFail = "** internal error **";
+            colour = Colour::Error;
+            break;
+        }
+    }
+
+    void print() const {
+        printSourceInfo();
+        if (stats.totals.assertions.total() > 0) {
+            printResultType();
+            printOriginalExpression();
+            printReconstructedExpression();
+        } else {
+            stream << '\n';
         }
+        printMessage();
+    }
 
-        XmlWriter( std::ostream& os )
-        :   m_tagIsOpen( false ),
-            m_needsNewline( false ),
-            m_os( os )
-        {
-            writeDeclaration();
+private:
+    void printResultType() const {
+        if (!passOrFail.empty()) {
+            Colour colourGuard(colour);
+            stream << passOrFail << ":\n";
         }
-
-        ~XmlWriter() {
-            while( !m_tags.empty() )
-                endElement();
+    }
+    void printOriginalExpression() const {
+        if (result.hasExpression()) {
+            Colour colourGuard(Colour::OriginalExpression);
+            stream << "  ";
+            stream << result.getExpressionInMacro();
+            stream << '\n';
         }
-
-        XmlWriter& startElement( std::string const& name ) {
-            ensureTagClosed();
-            newlineIfNecessary();
-            m_os << m_indent << '<' << name;
-            m_tags.push_back( name );
-            m_indent += "  ";
-            m_tagIsOpen = true;
-            return *this;
+    }
+    void printReconstructedExpression() const {
+        if (result.hasExpandedExpression()) {
+            stream << "with expansion:\n";
+            Colour colourGuard(Colour::ReconstructedExpression);
+            stream << Column(result.getExpandedExpression()).indent(2) << '\n';
         }
-
-        ScopedElement scopedElement( std::string const& name ) {
-            ScopedElement scoped( this );
-            startElement( name );
-            return scoped;
+    }
+    void printMessage() const {
+        if (!messageLabel.empty())
+            stream << messageLabel << ':' << '\n';
+        for (auto const& msg : messages) {
+            // If this assertion is a warning ignore any INFO messages
+            if (printInfoMessages || msg.type != ResultWas::Info)
+                stream << Column(msg.message).indent(2) << '\n';
         }
+    }
+    void printSourceInfo() const {
+        Colour colourGuard(Colour::FileName);
+        stream << result.getSourceInfo() << ": ";
+    }
 
-        XmlWriter& endElement() {
-            newlineIfNecessary();
-            m_indent = m_indent.substr( 0, m_indent.size()-2 );
-            if( m_tagIsOpen ) {
-                m_os << "/>";
-                m_tagIsOpen = false;
-            }
-            else {
-                m_os << m_indent << "</" << m_tags.back() << ">";
-            }
-            m_os << std::endl;
-            m_tags.pop_back();
-            return *this;
-        }
+    std::ostream& stream;
+    AssertionStats const& stats;
+    AssertionResult const& result;
+    Colour::Code colour;
+    std::string passOrFail;
+    std::string messageLabel;
+    std::string message;
+    std::vector<MessageInfo> messages;
+    bool printInfoMessages;
+};
 
-        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, std::string const& attribute ) {
-            if( !name.empty() && !attribute.empty() )
-                m_os << ' ' << name << "=\"" << XmlEncode( attribute, XmlEncode::ForAttributes ) << '"';
-            return *this;
-        }
+std::size_t makeRatio(std::size_t number, std::size_t total) {
+    std::size_t ratio = total > 0 ? CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH * number / total : 0;
+    return (ratio == 0 && number > 0) ? 1 : ratio;
+}
 
-        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, bool attribute ) {
-            m_os << ' ' << name << "=\"" << ( attribute ? "true" : "false" ) << '"';
-            return *this;
-        }
+std::size_t& findMax(std::size_t& i, std::size_t& j, std::size_t& k) {
+    if (i > j && i > k)
+        return i;
+    else if (j > k)
+        return j;
+    else
+        return k;
+}
 
-        template<typename T>
-        XmlWriter& writeAttribute( std::string const& name, T const& attribute ) {
-            std::ostringstream oss;
-            oss << attribute;
-            return writeAttribute( name, oss.str() );
-        }
+struct ColumnInfo {
+    enum Justification { Left, Right };
+    std::string name;
+    int width;
+    Justification justification;
+};
+struct ColumnBreak {};
+struct RowBreak {};
 
-        XmlWriter& writeText( std::string const& text, bool indent = true ) {
-            if( !text.empty() ){
-                bool tagWasOpen = m_tagIsOpen;
-                ensureTagClosed();
-                if( tagWasOpen && indent )
-                    m_os << m_indent;
-                m_os << XmlEncode( text );
-                m_needsNewline = true;
-            }
-            return *this;
+class Duration {
+    enum class Unit {
+        Auto,
+        Nanoseconds,
+        Microseconds,
+        Milliseconds,
+        Seconds,
+        Minutes
+    };
+    static const uint64_t s_nanosecondsInAMicrosecond = 1000;
+    static const uint64_t s_nanosecondsInAMillisecond = 1000 * s_nanosecondsInAMicrosecond;
+    static const uint64_t s_nanosecondsInASecond = 1000 * s_nanosecondsInAMillisecond;
+    static const uint64_t s_nanosecondsInAMinute = 60 * s_nanosecondsInASecond;
+
+    double m_inNanoseconds;
+    Unit m_units;
+
+public:
+    explicit Duration(double inNanoseconds, Unit units = Unit::Auto)
+        : m_inNanoseconds(inNanoseconds),
+        m_units(units) {
+        if (m_units == Unit::Auto) {
+            if (m_inNanoseconds < s_nanosecondsInAMicrosecond)
+                m_units = Unit::Nanoseconds;
+            else if (m_inNanoseconds < s_nanosecondsInAMillisecond)
+                m_units = Unit::Microseconds;
+            else if (m_inNanoseconds < s_nanosecondsInASecond)
+                m_units = Unit::Milliseconds;
+            else if (m_inNanoseconds < s_nanosecondsInAMinute)
+                m_units = Unit::Seconds;
+            else
+                m_units = Unit::Minutes;
         }
 
-        XmlWriter& writeComment( std::string const& text ) {
-            ensureTagClosed();
-            m_os << m_indent << "<!--" << text << "-->";
-            m_needsNewline = true;
-            return *this;
+    }
+
+    auto value() const -> double {
+        switch (m_units) {
+        case Unit::Microseconds:
+            return m_inNanoseconds / static_cast<double>(s_nanosecondsInAMicrosecond);
+        case Unit::Milliseconds:
+            return m_inNanoseconds / static_cast<double>(s_nanosecondsInAMillisecond);
+        case Unit::Seconds:
+            return m_inNanoseconds / static_cast<double>(s_nanosecondsInASecond);
+        case Unit::Minutes:
+            return m_inNanoseconds / static_cast<double>(s_nanosecondsInAMinute);
+        default:
+            return m_inNanoseconds;
         }
+    }
+    auto unitsAsString() const -> std::string {
+        switch (m_units) {
+        case Unit::Nanoseconds:
+            return "ns";
+        case Unit::Microseconds:
+            return "us";
+        case Unit::Milliseconds:
+            return "ms";
+        case Unit::Seconds:
+            return "s";
+        case Unit::Minutes:
+            return "m";
+        default:
+            return "** internal error **";
+        }
+
+    }
+    friend auto operator << (std::ostream& os, Duration const& duration) -> std::ostream& {
+        return os << duration.value() << ' ' << duration.unitsAsString();
+    }
+};
+} // end anon namespace
+
+class TablePrinter {
+    std::ostream& m_os;
+    std::vector<ColumnInfo> m_columnInfos;
+    std::ostringstream m_oss;
+    int m_currentColumn = -1;
+    bool m_isOpen = false;
+
+public:
+    TablePrinter( std::ostream& os, std::vector<ColumnInfo> columnInfos )
+    :   m_os( os ),
+        m_columnInfos( std::move( columnInfos ) ) {}
+
+    auto columnInfos() const -> std::vector<ColumnInfo> const& {
+        return m_columnInfos;
+    }
 
-        void writeStylesheetRef( std::string const& url ) {
-            m_os << "<?xml-stylesheet type=\"text/xsl\" href=\"" << url << "\"?>\n";
-        }
+    void open() {
+        if (!m_isOpen) {
+            m_isOpen = true;
+            *this << RowBreak();
 
-        XmlWriter& writeBlankLine() {
-            ensureTagClosed();
-            m_os << '\n';
-            return *this;
-        }
+			Columns headerCols;
+			Spacer spacer(2);
+			for (auto const& info : m_columnInfos) {
+				headerCols += Column(info.name).width(static_cast<std::size_t>(info.width - 2));
+				headerCols += spacer;
+			}
+			m_os << headerCols << '\n';
 
-        void ensureTagClosed() {
-            if( m_tagIsOpen ) {
-                m_os << ">" << std::endl;
-                m_tagIsOpen = false;
-            }
+            m_os << Catch::getLineOfChars<'-'>() << '\n';
+        }
+    }
+    void close() {
+        if (m_isOpen) {
+            *this << RowBreak();
+            m_os << std::endl;
+            m_isOpen = false;
         }
+    }
 
-    private:
-        XmlWriter( XmlWriter const& );
-        void operator=( XmlWriter const& );
+    template<typename T>
+    friend TablePrinter& operator << (TablePrinter& tp, T const& value) {
+        tp.m_oss << value;
+        return tp;
+    }
+
+    friend TablePrinter& operator << (TablePrinter& tp, ColumnBreak) {
+        auto colStr = tp.m_oss.str();
+        const auto strSize = colStr.size();
+        tp.m_oss.str("");
+        tp.open();
+        if (tp.m_currentColumn == static_cast<int>(tp.m_columnInfos.size() - 1)) {
+            tp.m_currentColumn = -1;
+            tp.m_os << '\n';
+        }
+        tp.m_currentColumn++;
+
+        auto colInfo = tp.m_columnInfos[tp.m_currentColumn];
+        auto padding = (strSize + 1 < static_cast<std::size_t>(colInfo.width))
+            ? std::string(colInfo.width - (strSize + 1), ' ')
+            : std::string();
+        if (colInfo.justification == ColumnInfo::Left)
+            tp.m_os << colStr << padding << ' ';
+        else
+            tp.m_os << padding << colStr << ' ';
+        return tp;
+    }
 
-        void writeDeclaration() {
-            m_os << "<?xml version=\"1.0\" encoding=\"UTF-8\"?>\n";
+    friend TablePrinter& operator << (TablePrinter& tp, RowBreak) {
+        if (tp.m_currentColumn > 0) {
+            tp.m_os << '\n';
+            tp.m_currentColumn = -1;
         }
+        return tp;
+    }
+};
 
-        void newlineIfNecessary() {
-            if( m_needsNewline ) {
-                m_os << std::endl;
-                m_needsNewline = false;
-            }
+ConsoleReporter::ConsoleReporter(ReporterConfig const& config)
+    : StreamingReporterBase(config),
+    m_tablePrinter(new TablePrinter(config.stream(),
+        [&config]() -> std::vector<ColumnInfo> {
+        if (config.fullConfig()->benchmarkNoAnalysis())
+        {
+            return{
+                { "benchmark name", CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - 43, ColumnInfo::Left },
+                { "     samples", 14, ColumnInfo::Right },
+                { "  iterations", 14, ColumnInfo::Right },
+                { "        mean", 14, ColumnInfo::Right }
+            };
         }
+        else
+        {
+            return{
+                { "benchmark name", CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - 43, ColumnInfo::Left },
+                { "samples      mean       std dev", 14, ColumnInfo::Right },
+                { "iterations   low mean   low std dev", 14, ColumnInfo::Right },
+                { "estimated    high mean  high std dev", 14, ColumnInfo::Right }
+            };
+        }
+    }())) {}
+ConsoleReporter::~ConsoleReporter() = default;
 
-        bool m_tagIsOpen;
-        bool m_needsNewline;
-        std::vector<std::string> m_tags;
-        std::string m_indent;
-        std::ostream& m_os;
-    };
-
+std::string ConsoleReporter::getDescription() {
+    return "Reports test results as plain lines of text";
 }
 
-namespace Catch {
-    class XmlReporter : public StreamingReporterBase {
-    public:
-        XmlReporter( ReporterConfig const& _config )
-        :   StreamingReporterBase( _config ),
-            m_xml(_config.stream()),
-            m_sectionDepth( 0 )
-        {
-            m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = true;
-        }
+void ConsoleReporter::noMatchingTestCases(std::string const& spec) {
+    stream << "No test cases matched '" << spec << '\'' << std::endl;
+}
 
-        virtual ~XmlReporter() CATCH_OVERRIDE;
+void ConsoleReporter::reportInvalidArguments(std::string const&arg){
+    stream << "Invalid Filter: " << arg << std::endl;
+}
 
-        static std::string getDescription() {
-            return "Reports test results as an XML document";
-        }
+void ConsoleReporter::assertionStarting(AssertionInfo const&) {}
 
-        virtual std::string getStylesheetRef() const {
-            return std::string();
-        }
+bool ConsoleReporter::assertionEnded(AssertionStats const& _assertionStats) {
+    AssertionResult const& result = _assertionStats.assertionResult;
 
-        void writeSourceInfo( SourceLineInfo const& sourceInfo ) {
-            m_xml
-                .writeAttribute( "filename", sourceInfo.file )
-                .writeAttribute( "line", sourceInfo.line );
-        }
+    bool includeResults = m_config->includeSuccessfulResults() || !result.isOk();
 
-    public: // StreamingReporterBase
+    // Drop out if result was successful but we're not printing them.
+    if (!includeResults && result.getResultType() != ResultWas::Warning)
+        return false;
 
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& s ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::noMatchingTestCases( s );
-        }
+    lazyPrint();
 
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testRunStarting( testInfo );
-            std::string stylesheetRef = getStylesheetRef();
-            if( !stylesheetRef.empty() )
-                m_xml.writeStylesheetRef( stylesheetRef );
-            m_xml.startElement( "Catch" );
-            if( !m_config->name().empty() )
-                m_xml.writeAttribute( "name", m_config->name() );
-        }
+    ConsoleAssertionPrinter printer(stream, _assertionStats, includeResults);
+    printer.print();
+    stream << std::endl;
+    return true;
+}
 
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testGroupStarting( groupInfo );
-            m_xml.startElement( "Group" )
-                .writeAttribute( "name", groupInfo.name );
-        }
+void ConsoleReporter::sectionStarting(SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo) {
+    m_tablePrinter->close();
+    m_headerPrinted = false;
+    StreamingReporterBase::sectionStarting(_sectionInfo);
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::sectionEnded(SectionStats const& _sectionStats) {
+    m_tablePrinter->close();
+    if (_sectionStats.missingAssertions) {
+        lazyPrint();
+        Colour colour(Colour::ResultError);
+        if (m_sectionStack.size() > 1)
+            stream << "\nNo assertions in section";
+        else
+            stream << "\nNo assertions in test case";
+        stream << " '" << _sectionStats.sectionInfo.name << "'\n" << std::endl;
+    }
+    double dur = _sectionStats.durationInSeconds;
+    if (shouldShowDuration(*m_config, dur)) {
+        stream << getFormattedDuration(dur) << " s: " << _sectionStats.sectionInfo.name << std::endl;
+    }
+    if (m_headerPrinted) {
+        m_headerPrinted = false;
+    }
+    StreamingReporterBase::sectionEnded(_sectionStats);
+}
 
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testCaseStarting(testInfo);
-            m_xml.startElement( "TestCase" )
-                .writeAttribute( "name", trim( testInfo.name ) )
-                .writeAttribute( "description", testInfo.description )
-                .writeAttribute( "tags", testInfo.tagsAsString );
+#if defined(CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING)
+void ConsoleReporter::benchmarkPreparing(std::string const& name) {
+	lazyPrintWithoutClosingBenchmarkTable();
 
-            writeSourceInfo( testInfo.lineInfo );
+	auto nameCol = Column(name).width(static_cast<std::size_t>(m_tablePrinter->columnInfos()[0].width - 2));
 
-            if ( m_config->showDurations() == ShowDurations::Always )
-                m_testCaseTimer.start();
-            m_xml.ensureTagClosed();
-        }
+	bool firstLine = true;
+	for (auto line : nameCol) {
+		if (!firstLine)
+			(*m_tablePrinter) << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak();
+		else
+			firstLine = false;
 
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& sectionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::sectionStarting( sectionInfo );
-            if( m_sectionDepth++ > 0 ) {
-                m_xml.startElement( "Section" )
-                    .writeAttribute( "name", trim( sectionInfo.name ) )
-                    .writeAttribute( "description", sectionInfo.description );
-                writeSourceInfo( sectionInfo.lineInfo );
-                m_xml.ensureTagClosed();
-            }
-        }
+		(*m_tablePrinter) << line << ColumnBreak();
+	}
+}
 
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE { }
+void ConsoleReporter::benchmarkStarting(BenchmarkInfo const& info) {
+    (*m_tablePrinter) << info.samples << ColumnBreak()
+        << info.iterations << ColumnBreak();
+    if (!m_config->benchmarkNoAnalysis())
+        (*m_tablePrinter) << Duration(info.estimatedDuration) << ColumnBreak();
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::benchmarkEnded(BenchmarkStats<> const& stats) {
+    if (m_config->benchmarkNoAnalysis())
+    {
+        (*m_tablePrinter) << Duration(stats.mean.point.count()) << ColumnBreak();
+    }
+    else
+    {
+        (*m_tablePrinter) << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.mean.point.count()) << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.mean.lower_bound.count()) << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.mean.upper_bound.count()) << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.standardDeviation.point.count()) << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.standardDeviation.lower_bound.count()) << ColumnBreak()
+            << Duration(stats.standardDeviation.upper_bound.count()) << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak() << ColumnBreak();
+    }
+}
 
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
+void ConsoleReporter::benchmarkFailed(std::string const& error) {
+	Colour colour(Colour::Red);
+    (*m_tablePrinter)
+        << "Benchmark failed (" << error << ')'
+        << ColumnBreak() << RowBreak();
+}
+#endif // CATCH_CONFIG_ENABLE_BENCHMARKING
 
-            AssertionResult const& result = assertionStats.assertionResult;
+void ConsoleReporter::testCaseEnded(TestCaseStats const& _testCaseStats) {
+    m_tablePrinter->close();
+    StreamingReporterBase::testCaseEnded(_testCaseStats);
+    m_headerPrinted = false;
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::testGroupEnded(TestGroupStats const& _testGroupStats) {
+    if (currentGroupInfo.used) {
+        printSummaryDivider();
+        stream << "Summary for group '" << _testGroupStats.groupInfo.name << "':\n";
+        printTotals(_testGroupStats.totals);
+        stream << '\n' << std::endl;
+    }
+    StreamingReporterBase::testGroupEnded(_testGroupStats);
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::testRunEnded(TestRunStats const& _testRunStats) {
+    printTotalsDivider(_testRunStats.totals);
+    printTotals(_testRunStats.totals);
+    stream << std::endl;
+    StreamingReporterBase::testRunEnded(_testRunStats);
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::testRunStarting(TestRunInfo const& _testInfo) {
+    StreamingReporterBase::testRunStarting(_testInfo);
+    printTestFilters();
+}
 
-            bool includeResults = m_config->includeSuccessfulResults() || !result.isOk();
+void ConsoleReporter::lazyPrint() {
 
-            if( includeResults || result.getResultType() == ResultWas::Warning ) {
-                // Print any info messages in <Info> tags.
-                for( std::vector<MessageInfo>::const_iterator it = assertionStats.infoMessages.begin(), itEnd = assertionStats.infoMessages.end();
-                     it != itEnd;
-                     ++it ) {
-                    if( it->type == ResultWas::Info && includeResults ) {
-                        m_xml.scopedElement( "Info" )
-                                .writeText( it->message );
-                    } else if ( it->type == ResultWas::Warning ) {
-                        m_xml.scopedElement( "Warning" )
-                                .writeText( it->message );
-                    }
-                }
-            }
+    m_tablePrinter->close();
+    lazyPrintWithoutClosingBenchmarkTable();
+}
 
-            // Drop out if result was successful but we're not printing them.
-            if( !includeResults && result.getResultType() != ResultWas::Warning )
-                return true;
+void ConsoleReporter::lazyPrintWithoutClosingBenchmarkTable() {
 
-            // Print the expression if there is one.
-            if( result.hasExpression() ) {
-                m_xml.startElement( "Expression" )
-                    .writeAttribute( "success", result.succeeded() )
-                    .writeAttribute( "type", result.getTestMacroName() );
+    if (!currentTestRunInfo.used)
+        lazyPrintRunInfo();
+    if (!currentGroupInfo.used)
+        lazyPrintGroupInfo();
 
-                writeSourceInfo( result.getSourceInfo() );
+    if (!m_headerPrinted) {
+        printTestCaseAndSectionHeader();
+        m_headerPrinted = true;
+    }
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::lazyPrintRunInfo() {
+    stream << '\n' << getLineOfChars<'~'>() << '\n';
+    Colour colour(Colour::SecondaryText);
+    stream << currentTestRunInfo->name
+        << " is a Catch v" << libraryVersion() << " host application.\n"
+        << "Run with -? for options\n\n";
 
-                m_xml.scopedElement( "Original" )
-                    .writeText( result.getExpression() );
-                m_xml.scopedElement( "Expanded" )
-                    .writeText( result.getExpandedExpression() );
-            }
+    if (m_config->rngSeed() != 0)
+        stream << "Randomness seeded to: " << m_config->rngSeed() << "\n\n";
 
-            // And... Print a result applicable to each result type.
-            switch( result.getResultType() ) {
-                case ResultWas::ThrewException:
-                    m_xml.startElement( "Exception" );
-                    writeSourceInfo( result.getSourceInfo() );
-                    m_xml.writeText( result.getMessage() );
-                    m_xml.endElement();
-                    break;
-                case ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition:
-                    m_xml.startElement( "FatalErrorCondition" );
-                    writeSourceInfo( result.getSourceInfo() );
-                    m_xml.writeText( result.getMessage() );
-                    m_xml.endElement();
-                    break;
-                case ResultWas::Info:
-                    m_xml.scopedElement( "Info" )
-                        .writeText( result.getMessage() );
-                    break;
-                case ResultWas::Warning:
-                    // Warning will already have been written
-                    break;
-                case ResultWas::ExplicitFailure:
-                    m_xml.startElement( "Failure" );
-                    writeSourceInfo( result.getSourceInfo() );
-                    m_xml.writeText( result.getMessage() );
-                    m_xml.endElement();
-                    break;
-                default:
-                    break;
-            }
+    currentTestRunInfo.used = true;
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::lazyPrintGroupInfo() {
+    if (!currentGroupInfo->name.empty() && currentGroupInfo->groupsCounts > 1) {
+        printClosedHeader("Group: " + currentGroupInfo->name);
+        currentGroupInfo.used = true;
+    }
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::printTestCaseAndSectionHeader() {
+    assert(!m_sectionStack.empty());
+    printOpenHeader(currentTestCaseInfo->name);
 
-            if( result.hasExpression() )
-                m_xml.endElement();
+    if (m_sectionStack.size() > 1) {
+        Colour colourGuard(Colour::Headers);
 
-            return true;
-        }
+        auto
+            it = m_sectionStack.begin() + 1, // Skip first section (test case)
+            itEnd = m_sectionStack.end();
+        for (; it != itEnd; ++it)
+            printHeaderString(it->name, 2);
+    }
 
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& sectionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::sectionEnded( sectionStats );
-            if( --m_sectionDepth > 0 ) {
-                XmlWriter::ScopedElement e = m_xml.scopedElement( "OverallResults" );
-                e.writeAttribute( "successes", sectionStats.assertions.passed );
-                e.writeAttribute( "failures", sectionStats.assertions.failed );
-                e.writeAttribute( "expectedFailures", sectionStats.assertions.failedButOk );
+    SourceLineInfo lineInfo = m_sectionStack.back().lineInfo;
 
-                if ( m_config->showDurations() == ShowDurations::Always )
-                    e.writeAttribute( "durationInSeconds", sectionStats.durationInSeconds );
+    stream << getLineOfChars<'-'>() << '\n';
+    Colour colourGuard(Colour::FileName);
+    stream << lineInfo << '\n';
+    stream << getLineOfChars<'.'>() << '\n' << std::endl;
+}
 
-                m_xml.endElement();
-            }
-        }
+void ConsoleReporter::printClosedHeader(std::string const& _name) {
+    printOpenHeader(_name);
+    stream << getLineOfChars<'.'>() << '\n';
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::printOpenHeader(std::string const& _name) {
+    stream << getLineOfChars<'-'>() << '\n';
+    {
+        Colour colourGuard(Colour::Headers);
+        printHeaderString(_name);
+    }
+}
 
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testCaseEnded( testCaseStats );
-            XmlWriter::ScopedElement e = m_xml.scopedElement( "OverallResult" );
-            e.writeAttribute( "success", testCaseStats.totals.assertions.allOk() );
+// if string has a : in first line will set indent to follow it on
+// subsequent lines
+void ConsoleReporter::printHeaderString(std::string const& _string, std::size_t indent) {
+    std::size_t i = _string.find(": ");
+    if (i != std::string::npos)
+        i += 2;
+    else
+        i = 0;
+    stream << Column(_string).indent(indent + i).initialIndent(indent) << '\n';
+}
 
-            if ( m_config->showDurations() == ShowDurations::Always )
-                e.writeAttribute( "durationInSeconds", m_testCaseTimer.getElapsedSeconds() );
+struct SummaryColumn {
+
+    SummaryColumn( std::string _label, Colour::Code _colour )
+    :   label( std::move( _label ) ),
+        colour( _colour ) {}
+    SummaryColumn addRow( std::size_t count ) {
+        ReusableStringStream rss;
+        rss << count;
+        std::string row = rss.str();
+        for (auto& oldRow : rows) {
+            while (oldRow.size() < row.size())
+                oldRow = ' ' + oldRow;
+            while (oldRow.size() > row.size())
+                row = ' ' + row;
+        }
+        rows.push_back(row);
+        return *this;
+    }
 
-            if( !testCaseStats.stdOut.empty() )
-                m_xml.scopedElement( "StdOut" ).writeText( trim( testCaseStats.stdOut ), false );
-            if( !testCaseStats.stdErr.empty() )
-                m_xml.scopedElement( "StdErr" ).writeText( trim( testCaseStats.stdErr ), false );
+    std::string label;
+    Colour::Code colour;
+    std::vector<std::string> rows;
 
-            m_xml.endElement();
-        }
+};
 
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testGroupEnded( testGroupStats );
-            // TODO: Check testGroupStats.aborting and act accordingly.
-            m_xml.scopedElement( "OverallResults" )
-                .writeAttribute( "successes", testGroupStats.totals.assertions.passed )
-                .writeAttribute( "failures", testGroupStats.totals.assertions.failed )
-                .writeAttribute( "expectedFailures", testGroupStats.totals.assertions.failedButOk );
-            m_xml.endElement();
+void ConsoleReporter::printTotals( Totals const& totals ) {
+    if (totals.testCases.total() == 0) {
+        stream << Colour(Colour::Warning) << "No tests ran\n";
+    } else if (totals.assertions.total() > 0 && totals.testCases.allPassed()) {
+        stream << Colour(Colour::ResultSuccess) << "All tests passed";
+        stream << " ("
+            << pluralise(totals.assertions.passed, "assertion") << " in "
+            << pluralise(totals.testCases.passed, "test case") << ')'
+            << '\n';
+    } else {
+
+        std::vector<SummaryColumn> columns;
+        columns.push_back(SummaryColumn("", Colour::None)
+                          .addRow(totals.testCases.total())
+                          .addRow(totals.assertions.total()));
+        columns.push_back(SummaryColumn("passed", Colour::Success)
+                          .addRow(totals.testCases.passed)
+                          .addRow(totals.assertions.passed));
+        columns.push_back(SummaryColumn("failed", Colour::ResultError)
+                          .addRow(totals.testCases.failed)
+                          .addRow(totals.assertions.failed));
+        columns.push_back(SummaryColumn("failed as expected", Colour::ResultExpectedFailure)
+                          .addRow(totals.testCases.failedButOk)
+                          .addRow(totals.assertions.failedButOk));
+
+        printSummaryRow("test cases", columns, 0);
+        printSummaryRow("assertions", columns, 1);
+    }
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::printSummaryRow(std::string const& label, std::vector<SummaryColumn> const& cols, std::size_t row) {
+    for (auto col : cols) {
+        std::string value = col.rows[row];
+        if (col.label.empty()) {
+            stream << label << ": ";
+            if (value != "0")
+                stream << value;
+            else
+                stream << Colour(Colour::Warning) << "- none -";
+        } else if (value != "0") {
+            stream << Colour(Colour::LightGrey) << " | ";
+            stream << Colour(col.colour)
+                << value << ' ' << col.label;
         }
+    }
+    stream << '\n';
+}
 
-        virtual void testRunEnded( TestRunStats const& testRunStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            StreamingReporterBase::testRunEnded( testRunStats );
-            m_xml.scopedElement( "OverallResults" )
-                .writeAttribute( "successes", testRunStats.totals.assertions.passed )
-                .writeAttribute( "failures", testRunStats.totals.assertions.failed )
-                .writeAttribute( "expectedFailures", testRunStats.totals.assertions.failedButOk );
-            m_xml.endElement();
-        }
+void ConsoleReporter::printTotalsDivider(Totals const& totals) {
+    if (totals.testCases.total() > 0) {
+        std::size_t failedRatio = makeRatio(totals.testCases.failed, totals.testCases.total());
+        std::size_t failedButOkRatio = makeRatio(totals.testCases.failedButOk, totals.testCases.total());
+        std::size_t passedRatio = makeRatio(totals.testCases.passed, totals.testCases.total());
+        while (failedRatio + failedButOkRatio + passedRatio < CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - 1)
+            findMax(failedRatio, failedButOkRatio, passedRatio)++;
+        while (failedRatio + failedButOkRatio + passedRatio > CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - 1)
+            findMax(failedRatio, failedButOkRatio, passedRatio)--;
+
+        stream << Colour(Colour::Error) << std::string(failedRatio, '=');
+        stream << Colour(Colour::ResultExpectedFailure) << std::string(failedButOkRatio, '=');
+        if (totals.testCases.allPassed())
+            stream << Colour(Colour::ResultSuccess) << std::string(passedRatio, '=');
+        else
+            stream << Colour(Colour::Success) << std::string(passedRatio, '=');
+    } else {
+        stream << Colour(Colour::Warning) << std::string(CATCH_CONFIG_CONSOLE_WIDTH - 1, '=');
+    }
+    stream << '\n';
+}
+void ConsoleReporter::printSummaryDivider() {
+    stream << getLineOfChars<'-'>() << '\n';
+}
 
-    private:
-        Timer m_testCaseTimer;
-        XmlWriter m_xml;
-        int m_sectionDepth;
-    };
+void ConsoleReporter::printTestFilters() {
+    if (m_config->testSpec().hasFilters()) {
+        Colour guard(Colour::BrightYellow);
+        stream << "Filters: " << serializeFilters(m_config->getTestsOrTags()) << '\n';
+    }
+}
 
-     INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( "xml", XmlReporter )
+CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER("console", ConsoleReporter)
 
 } // end namespace Catch
 
-// #included from: ../reporters/catch_reporter_junit.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_JUNIT_HPP_INCLUDED
+#if defined(_MSC_VER)
+#pragma warning(pop)
+#endif
+
+#if defined(__clang__)
+#  pragma clang diagnostic pop
+#endif
+// end catch_reporter_console.cpp
+// start catch_reporter_junit.cpp
 
-#include <assert.h>
+#include <cassert>
+#include <sstream>
+#include <ctime>
+#include <algorithm>
 
 namespace Catch {
 
@@ -10433,7 +16739,7 @@ namespace Catch {
             // Also, UTC only, again because of backward compatibility (%z is C++11)
             time_t rawtime;
             std::time(&rawtime);
-            const size_t timeStampSize = sizeof("2017-01-16T17:06:45Z");
+            auto const timeStampSize = sizeof("2017-01-16T17:06:45Z");
 
 #ifdef _MSC_VER
             std::tm timeInfo = {};
@@ -10454,1015 +16760,681 @@ namespace Catch {
             return std::string(timeStamp);
         }
 
-    }
+        std::string fileNameTag(const std::vector<std::string> &tags) {
+            auto it = std::find_if(begin(tags),
+                                   end(tags),
+                                   [] (std::string const& tag) {return tag.front() == '#'; });
+            if (it != tags.end())
+                return it->substr(1);
+            return std::string();
+        }
+    } // anonymous namespace
 
-    class JunitReporter : public CumulativeReporterBase {
-    public:
-        JunitReporter( ReporterConfig const& _config )
+    JunitReporter::JunitReporter( ReporterConfig const& _config )
         :   CumulativeReporterBase( _config ),
-            xml( _config.stream() ),
-            unexpectedExceptions( 0 ),
-            m_okToFail( false )
+            xml( _config.stream() )
         {
             m_reporterPrefs.shouldRedirectStdOut = true;
+            m_reporterPrefs.shouldReportAllAssertions = true;
         }
 
-        virtual ~JunitReporter() CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-
-        static std::string getDescription() {
-            return "Reports test results in an XML format that looks like Ant's junitreport target";
-        }
-
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& /*spec*/ ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {}
-
-        virtual void testRunStarting( TestRunInfo const& runInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            CumulativeReporterBase::testRunStarting( runInfo );
-            xml.startElement( "testsuites" );
-        }
-
-        virtual void testGroupStarting( GroupInfo const& groupInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            suiteTimer.start();
-            stdOutForSuite.str("");
-            stdErrForSuite.str("");
-            unexpectedExceptions = 0;
-            CumulativeReporterBase::testGroupStarting( groupInfo );
-        }
-
-        virtual void testCaseStarting( TestCaseInfo const& testCaseInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_okToFail = testCaseInfo.okToFail();
-        }
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& assertionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            if( assertionStats.assertionResult.getResultType() == ResultWas::ThrewException && !m_okToFail )
-                unexpectedExceptions++;
-            return CumulativeReporterBase::assertionEnded( assertionStats );
-        }
-
-        virtual void testCaseEnded( TestCaseStats const& testCaseStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            stdOutForSuite << testCaseStats.stdOut;
-            stdErrForSuite << testCaseStats.stdErr;
-            CumulativeReporterBase::testCaseEnded( testCaseStats );
-        }
-
-        virtual void testGroupEnded( TestGroupStats const& testGroupStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            double suiteTime = suiteTimer.getElapsedSeconds();
-            CumulativeReporterBase::testGroupEnded( testGroupStats );
-            writeGroup( *m_testGroups.back(), suiteTime );
-        }
-
-        virtual void testRunEndedCumulative() CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            xml.endElement();
-        }
-
-        void writeGroup( TestGroupNode const& groupNode, double suiteTime ) {
-            XmlWriter::ScopedElement e = xml.scopedElement( "testsuite" );
-            TestGroupStats const& stats = groupNode.value;
-            xml.writeAttribute( "name", stats.groupInfo.name );
-            xml.writeAttribute( "errors", unexpectedExceptions );
-            xml.writeAttribute( "failures", stats.totals.assertions.failed-unexpectedExceptions );
-            xml.writeAttribute( "tests", stats.totals.assertions.total() );
-            xml.writeAttribute( "hostname", "tbd" ); // !TBD
-            if( m_config->showDurations() == ShowDurations::Never )
-                xml.writeAttribute( "time", "" );
-            else
-                xml.writeAttribute( "time", suiteTime );
-            xml.writeAttribute( "timestamp", getCurrentTimestamp() );
-
-            // Write test cases
-            for( TestGroupNode::ChildNodes::const_iterator
-                    it = groupNode.children.begin(), itEnd = groupNode.children.end();
-                    it != itEnd;
-                    ++it )
-                writeTestCase( **it );
-
-            xml.scopedElement( "system-out" ).writeText( trim( stdOutForSuite.str() ), false );
-            xml.scopedElement( "system-err" ).writeText( trim( stdErrForSuite.str() ), false );
-        }
-
-        void writeTestCase( TestCaseNode const& testCaseNode ) {
-            TestCaseStats const& stats = testCaseNode.value;
-
-            // All test cases have exactly one section - which represents the
-            // test case itself. That section may have 0-n nested sections
-            assert( testCaseNode.children.size() == 1 );
-            SectionNode const& rootSection = *testCaseNode.children.front();
-
-            std::string className = stats.testInfo.className;
-
-            if( className.empty() ) {
-                if( rootSection.childSections.empty() )
-                    className = "global";
-            }
-            writeSection( className, "", rootSection );
-        }
-
-        void writeSection(  std::string const& className,
-                            std::string const& rootName,
-                            SectionNode const& sectionNode ) {
-            std::string name = trim( sectionNode.stats.sectionInfo.name );
-            if( !rootName.empty() )
-                name = rootName + '/' + name;
-
-            if( !sectionNode.assertions.empty() ||
-                !sectionNode.stdOut.empty() ||
-                !sectionNode.stdErr.empty() ) {
-                XmlWriter::ScopedElement e = xml.scopedElement( "testcase" );
-                if( className.empty() ) {
-                    xml.writeAttribute( "classname", name );
-                    xml.writeAttribute( "name", "root" );
-                }
-                else {
-                    xml.writeAttribute( "classname", className );
-                    xml.writeAttribute( "name", name );
-                }
-                xml.writeAttribute( "time", Catch::toString( sectionNode.stats.durationInSeconds ) );
-
-                writeAssertions( sectionNode );
-
-                if( !sectionNode.stdOut.empty() )
-                    xml.scopedElement( "system-out" ).writeText( trim( sectionNode.stdOut ), false );
-                if( !sectionNode.stdErr.empty() )
-                    xml.scopedElement( "system-err" ).writeText( trim( sectionNode.stdErr ), false );
-            }
-            for( SectionNode::ChildSections::const_iterator
-                    it = sectionNode.childSections.begin(),
-                    itEnd = sectionNode.childSections.end();
-                    it != itEnd;
-                    ++it )
-                if( className.empty() )
-                    writeSection( name, "", **it );
-                else
-                    writeSection( className, name, **it );
-        }
-
-        void writeAssertions( SectionNode const& sectionNode ) {
-            for( SectionNode::Assertions::const_iterator
-                    it = sectionNode.assertions.begin(), itEnd = sectionNode.assertions.end();
-                    it != itEnd;
-                    ++it )
-                writeAssertion( *it );
-        }
-        void writeAssertion( AssertionStats const& stats ) {
-            AssertionResult const& result = stats.assertionResult;
-            if( !result.isOk() ) {
-                std::string elementName;
-                switch( result.getResultType() ) {
-                    case ResultWas::ThrewException:
-                    case ResultWas::FatalErrorCondition:
-                        elementName = "error";
-                        break;
-                    case ResultWas::ExplicitFailure:
-                        elementName = "failure";
-                        break;
-                    case ResultWas::ExpressionFailed:
-                        elementName = "failure";
-                        break;
-                    case ResultWas::DidntThrowException:
-                        elementName = "failure";
-                        break;
-
-                    // We should never see these here:
-                    case ResultWas::Info:
-                    case ResultWas::Warning:
-                    case ResultWas::Ok:
-                    case ResultWas::Unknown:
-                    case ResultWas::FailureBit:
-                    case ResultWas::Exception:
-                        elementName = "internalError";
-                        break;
-                }
-
-                XmlWriter::ScopedElement e = xml.scopedElement( elementName );
-
-                xml.writeAttribute( "message", result.getExpandedExpression() );
-                xml.writeAttribute( "type", result.getTestMacroName() );
-
-                std::ostringstream oss;
-                if( !result.getMessage().empty() )
-                    oss << result.getMessage() << '\n';
-                for( std::vector<MessageInfo>::const_iterator
-                        it = stats.infoMessages.begin(),
-                        itEnd = stats.infoMessages.end();
-                            it != itEnd;
-                            ++it )
-                    if( it->type == ResultWas::Info )
-                        oss << it->message << '\n';
-
-                oss << "at " << result.getSourceInfo();
-                xml.writeText( oss.str(), false );
-            }
-        }
-
-        XmlWriter xml;
-        Timer suiteTimer;
-        std::ostringstream stdOutForSuite;
-        std::ostringstream stdErrForSuite;
-        unsigned int unexpectedExceptions;
-        bool m_okToFail;
-    };
-
-    INTERNAL_CATCH_REGISTER_REPORTER( "junit", JunitReporter )
-
-} // end namespace Catch
-
-// #included from: ../reporters/catch_reporter_console.hpp
-#define TWOBLUECUBES_CATCH_REPORTER_CONSOLE_HPP_INCLUDED
-
-#include <cassert>
-#include <cfloat>
-#include <cstdio>
-
-namespace Catch {
-
-    struct ConsoleReporter : StreamingReporterBase {
-        ConsoleReporter( ReporterConfig const& _config )
-        :   StreamingReporterBase( _config ),
-            m_headerPrinted( false )
-        {}
-
-        virtual ~ConsoleReporter() CATCH_OVERRIDE;
-        static std::string getDescription() {
-            return "Reports test results as plain lines of text";
-        }
-
-        virtual void noMatchingTestCases( std::string const& spec ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            stream << "No test cases matched '" << spec << '\'' << std::endl;
-        }
-
-        virtual void assertionStarting( AssertionInfo const& ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-        }
-
-        virtual bool assertionEnded( AssertionStats const& _assertionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            AssertionResult const& result = _assertionStats.assertionResult;
-
-            bool includeResults = m_config->includeSuccessfulResults() || !result.isOk();
-
-            // Drop out if result was successful but we're not printing them.
-            if( !includeResults && result.getResultType() != ResultWas::Warning )
-                return false;
-
-            lazyPrint();
+    JunitReporter::~JunitReporter() {}
 
-            AssertionPrinter printer( stream, _assertionStats, includeResults );
-            printer.print();
-            stream << std::endl;
-            return true;
-        }
+    std::string JunitReporter::getDescription() {
+        return "Reports test results in an XML format that looks like Ant's junitreport target";
+    }
 
-        virtual void sectionStarting( SectionInfo const& _sectionInfo ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            m_headerPrinted = false;
-            StreamingReporterBase::sectionStarting( _sectionInfo );
-        }
-        virtual void sectionEnded( SectionStats const& _sectionStats ) CATCH_OVERRIDE {
-            if( _sectionStats.missingAssertions ) {
-                lazyPrint();
-                Colour colour( Colour::ResultError );
-                if( m_sectionStack.size() > 1 )
-                    stream << "\nNo assertions in section";
-                else
-                    stream << "\nNo assertions in test case";
-                stream << " '" << _sectionStats.sectionInfo.name << "'\n" << std::endl;
-            }
-            if( m_config->showDurations() == ShowDurations::Always ) {
-                st