diff mbox series

[v2,4/4] nptl: Fix race between pthread_kill and thread exit (bug 12889)

Message ID 5880c14d1512630b28c1f91bdb03457bf09c3324.1629475813.git.fweimer@redhat.com
State Superseded
Headers show
Series Fix ESRCH issues in pthread_cancel, pthread_kill | expand

Checks

Context Check Description
dj/TryBot-apply_patch success Patch applied to master at the time it was sent
dj/TryBot-32bit success Build for i686

Commit Message

Florian Weimer Aug. 20, 2021, 4:14 p.m. UTC
Thread exit is delayed using __pthread_call_with_tid until all pending
pthread_kill operations on the thread have completed.  This avoids
sending signals to the wrong thread or a spurious ESRCH error.

The test sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c is derived
from a downstream test originally written by Marek Polacek.
---
v2: Use __pthread_call_with_tid.

 nptl/pthread_kill.c                           |  49 ++++----
 sysdeps/pthread/Makefile                      |   2 +
 sysdeps/pthread/tst-kill4.c                   |  90 --------------
 .../pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c  |  87 ++++++++++++++
 sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_kill-exiting.c    | 110 ++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 219 insertions(+), 119 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 sysdeps/pthread/tst-kill4.c
 create mode 100644 sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c
 create mode 100644 sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_kill-exiting.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/nptl/pthread_kill.c b/nptl/pthread_kill.c
index 5d4c86f920..4bec49a312 100644
--- a/nptl/pthread_kill.c
+++ b/nptl/pthread_kill.c
@@ -20,40 +20,31 @@ 
 #include <pthreadP.h>
 #include <shlib-compat.h>
 
-int
-__pthread_kill_internal (pthread_t threadid, int signo)
+static int
+tgkill_callback (struct pthread *unused, pid_t tid, void *closure)
 {
-  pid_t tid;
-  struct pthread *pd = (struct pthread *) threadid;
-
-  if (pd == THREAD_SELF)
-    /* It is a special case to handle raise() implementation after a vfork
-       call (which does not update the PD tid field).  */
-    tid = INLINE_SYSCALL_CALL (gettid);
+  int signo = (intptr_t) closure;
+  if (tid == 0)
+    /* Thread is exiting or has exited.  The signal is not observable
+       either way, so do not send it.  POSIX specifies the ESRCH error
+       only for the case when the lifetime of a thread ID has ended,
+       but calling pthread_kill on such a thread ID is undefined in
+       glibc.  Therefore, do not treat kernel thread exit as an error.  */
+    return 0;
   else
-    /* Force load of pd->tid into local variable or register.  Otherwise
-       if a thread exits between ESRCH test and tgkill, we might return
-       EINVAL, because pd->tid would be cleared by the kernel.  */
-    tid = atomic_forced_read (pd->tid);
-
-  int val;
-  if (__glibc_likely (tid > 0))
     {
-      pid_t pid = __getpid ();
-
-      val = INTERNAL_SYSCALL_CALL (tgkill, pid, tid, signo);
-      val = (INTERNAL_SYSCALL_ERROR_P (val)
-	    ? INTERNAL_SYSCALL_ERRNO (val) : 0);
+      /* Using tgkill is a safety measure.  __pthread_call_with_tid
+	 ensures that the TID is still live at the point of the call.  */
+      int ret = INTERNAL_SYSCALL_CALL (tgkill, __getpid (), tid, signo);
+      return INTERNAL_SYSCALL_ERROR_P (ret) ? INTERNAL_SYSCALL_ERRNO (ret) : 0;
     }
-  else
-    /* The kernel reports that the thread has exited.  POSIX specifies
-       the ESRCH error only for the case when the lifetime of a thread
-       ID has ended, but calling pthread_kill on such a thread ID is
-       undefined in glibc.  Therefore, do not treat kernel thread exit
-       as an error.  */
-    val = 0;
+}
 
-  return val;
+int
+__pthread_kill_internal (pthread_t threadid, int signo)
+{
+  return __pthread_call_with_tid (threadid, tgkill_callback,
+				  (void *) (intptr_t) signo);
 }
 
 int
diff --git a/sysdeps/pthread/Makefile b/sysdeps/pthread/Makefile
index dedfa0d290..48dba717a1 100644
--- a/sysdeps/pthread/Makefile
+++ b/sysdeps/pthread/Makefile
@@ -119,7 +119,9 @@  tests += tst-cnd-basic tst-mtx-trylock tst-cnd-broadcast \
 	 tst-unwind-thread \
 	 tst-pt-vfork1 tst-pt-vfork2 tst-vfork1x tst-vfork2x \
 	 tst-pthread_cancel-exited \
+	 tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop \
 	 tst-pthread_kill-exited \
+	 tst-pthread_kill-exiting \
 	 # tests
 
 tests-time64 := \
diff --git a/sysdeps/pthread/tst-kill4.c b/sysdeps/pthread/tst-kill4.c
deleted file mode 100644
index 9563939792..0000000000
--- a/sysdeps/pthread/tst-kill4.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,90 +0,0 @@ 
-/* Copyright (C) 2003-2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
-   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
-   Contributed by Ulrich Drepper <drepper@redhat.com>, 2003.
-
-   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
-   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
-   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
-   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
-
-   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
-   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
-   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
-   Lesser General Public License for more details.
-
-   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
-   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
-   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
-
-#include <errno.h>
-#include <pthread.h>
-#include <signal.h>
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-
-
-static void *
-tf (void *a)
-{
-  return NULL;
-}
-
-
-int
-do_test (void)
-{
-  pthread_attr_t at;
-  if (pthread_attr_init (&at) != 0)
-    {
-      puts ("attr_create failed");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-
-  /* Limit thread stack size, because if it is too large, pthread_join
-     will free it immediately rather than put it into stack cache.  */
-  if (pthread_attr_setstacksize (&at, 2 * 1024 * 1024) != 0)
-    {
-      puts ("setstacksize failed");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-
-  pthread_t th;
-  if (pthread_create (&th, &at, tf, NULL) != 0)
-    {
-      puts ("create failed");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-
-  pthread_attr_destroy (&at);
-
-  if (pthread_join (th, NULL) != 0)
-    {
-      puts ("join failed");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-
-  /* The following only works because we assume here something about
-     the implementation.  Namely, that the memory allocated for the
-     thread descriptor is not going away, that the TID field is
-     cleared and therefore the signal is sent to process 0, and that
-     we can savely assume there is no other process with this ID at
-     that time.  */
-  int e = pthread_kill (th, 0);
-  if (e == 0)
-    {
-      puts ("pthread_kill succeeded");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-  if (e != ESRCH)
-    {
-      puts ("pthread_kill didn't return ESRCH");
-      exit (1);
-    }
-
-  return 0;
-}
-
-
-#define TEST_FUNCTION do_test ()
-#include "../test-skeleton.c"
diff --git a/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c b/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..a62087589c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_cancel-select-loop.c
@@ -0,0 +1,87 @@ 
+/* Test that pthread_cancel succeeds during thread exit.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+/* This test tries to trigger an internal race condition in
+   pthread_cancel, where the cancellation signal is sent after the
+   thread has begun the cancellation process.  This can result in a
+   spurious ESRCH error.  For the original bug 12889, the window is
+   quite small, so the bug was not reproduced in every run.  */
+
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <support/check.h>
+#include <support/xthread.h>
+#include <support/xunistd.h>
+#include <sys/select.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+/* Set to true by timeout_thread_function when the test should
+   terminate.  */
+static bool timeout;
+
+static void *
+timeout_thread_function (void *unused)
+{
+  usleep (5 * 1000 * 1000);
+  __atomic_store_n (&timeout, true, __ATOMIC_RELAXED);
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Used for blocking the select function below.  */
+static int pipe_fds[2];
+
+static void *
+canceled_thread_function (void *unused)
+{
+  while (true)
+    {
+      fd_set rfs;
+      fd_set wfs;
+      fd_set efs;
+      FD_ZERO (&rfs);
+      FD_ZERO (&wfs);
+      FD_ZERO (&efs);
+      FD_SET (pipe_fds[0], &rfs);
+
+      /* If the cancellation request is recognized early, the thread
+         begins exiting while the cancellation signal arrives.  */
+      select (FD_SETSIZE, &rfs, &wfs, &efs, NULL);
+    }
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static int
+do_test (void)
+{
+  xpipe (pipe_fds);
+  pthread_t thr_timeout = xpthread_create (NULL, timeout_thread_function, NULL);
+
+  while (!__atomic_load_n (&timeout, __ATOMIC_RELAXED))
+    {
+      pthread_t thr = xpthread_create (NULL, canceled_thread_function, NULL);
+      xpthread_cancel (thr);
+      TEST_VERIFY (xpthread_join (thr) == PTHREAD_CANCELED);
+    }
+
+  xpthread_join (thr_timeout);
+  xclose (pipe_fds[0]);
+  xclose (pipe_fds[1]);
+  return 0;
+}
+
+#include <support/test-driver.c>
diff --git a/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_kill-exiting.c b/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_kill-exiting.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..15550d2310
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sysdeps/pthread/tst-pthread_kill-exiting.c
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@ 
+/* Test that pthread_kill succeeds during thread exit.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+/* This test verifies that pthread_kill for a thread that is exiting
+   succeeds (with or without actually delivering the signal).  */
+
+#include <array_length.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+#include <stddef.h>
+#include <support/xsignal.h>
+#include <support/xthread.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+/* Set to true by timeout_thread_function when the test should
+   terminate.  */
+static bool timeout;
+
+static void *
+timeout_thread_function (void *unused)
+{
+  usleep (1000 * 1000);
+  __atomic_store_n (&timeout, true, __ATOMIC_RELAXED);
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+/* Used to synchronize the sending threads with the target thread and
+   main thread.  */
+static pthread_barrier_t barrier_1;
+static pthread_barrier_t barrier_2;
+
+/* The target thread to which signals are to be sent.  */
+static pthread_t target_thread;
+
+static void *
+sender_thread_function (void *unused)
+{
+  while (!__atomic_load_n (&timeout, __ATOMIC_RELAXED))
+    {
+      /* Wait until target_thread has been initialized.  The target
+         thread and main thread participate in this barrier.  */
+      xpthread_barrier_wait (&barrier_1);
+
+      xpthread_kill (target_thread, SIGUSR1);
+
+      /* Communicate that the signal has been sent.  The main thread
+         participates in this barrier.  */
+      xpthread_barrier_wait (&barrier_2);
+    }
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static void *
+target_thread_function (void *unused)
+{
+  target_thread = pthread_self ();
+  xpthread_barrier_wait (&barrier_1);
+  return NULL;
+}
+
+static int
+do_test (void)
+{
+  xsignal (SIGUSR1, SIG_IGN);
+
+  pthread_t thr_timeout = xpthread_create (NULL, timeout_thread_function, NULL);
+
+  pthread_t threads[4];
+  xpthread_barrier_init (&barrier_1, NULL, array_length (threads) + 2);
+  xpthread_barrier_init (&barrier_2, NULL, array_length (threads) + 1);
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < array_length (threads); ++i)
+    threads[i] = xpthread_create (NULL, sender_thread_function, NULL);
+
+  while (!__atomic_load_n (&timeout, __ATOMIC_RELAXED))
+    {
+      xpthread_create (NULL, target_thread_function, NULL);
+
+      /* Wait for the target thread to be set up and signal sending to
+         start.  */
+      xpthread_barrier_wait (&barrier_1);
+
+      /* Wait for signal sending to complete.  */
+      xpthread_barrier_wait (&barrier_2);
+
+      xpthread_join (target_thread);
+    }
+
+  for (int i = 0; i < array_length (threads); ++i)
+    xpthread_join (threads[i]);
+  xpthread_join (thr_timeout);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+#include <support/test-driver.c>