[v9,10/22] string: Improve generic memrchr

Message ID 20230117200014.1299923-11-adhemerval.zanella@linaro.org
State Superseded
Headers
Series Improve generic string routines |

Checks

Context Check Description
dj/TryBot-apply_patch success Patch applied to master at the time it was sent

Commit Message

Adhemerval Zanella Netto Jan. 17, 2023, 8 p.m. UTC
  New algorithm have the following key differences:

  - Use string-fz{b,i} functions.

Checked on x86_64-linux-gnu, i686-linux-gnu, powerpc-linux-gnu,
and powerpc64-linux-gnu by removing the arch-specific assembly
implementation and disabling multi-arch (it covers both LE and BE
for 64 and 32 bits).

Co-authored-by: Richard Henderson <richard.henderson@linaro.org>
---
 string/memrchr.c | 195 ++++++++++-------------------------------------
 1 file changed, 40 insertions(+), 155 deletions(-)
  

Comments

Richard Henderson Jan. 18, 2023, 2:10 a.m. UTC | #1
On 1/17/23 10:00, Adhemerval Zanella wrote:
>   void *
> +__memrchr (const void *s, int c_in, size_t n)
>   {
> +  if (__glibc_unlikely (n == 0))
> +    return NULL;
>   
> +  const op_t *word_ptr = (const op_t *) PTR_ALIGN_UP (s + n, sizeof (op_t));
> +  uintptr_t s_int = (uintptr_t) s + n;
>   
> +  op_t word = *--word_ptr;
> +  op_t repeated_c = repeat_bytes (c_in);
>   
> +  /* Compute the address of the word containing the initial byte. */
> +  const op_t *sword = (const op_t *) PTR_ALIGN_DOWN (s, sizeof (op_t));
>   
> +  if (s_int % sizeof (op_t) != 0)
>       {
> +      /* If the end of buffer is not op_t aligned, mask off the undesirable
> +	 bits before find the last byte position.  */
> +      find_t mask = shift_find_last (find_eq_all (word, repeated_c), s_int);

Ah, I see.  Perhaps shift_find_last comment should indicate guaranteed misaligned?


r~
  

Patch

diff --git a/string/memrchr.c b/string/memrchr.c
index 18b20ff76a..1792df4b2f 100644
--- a/string/memrchr.c
+++ b/string/memrchr.c
@@ -1,11 +1,6 @@ 
 /* memrchr -- find the last occurrence of a byte in a memory block
    Copyright (C) 1991-2023 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
    This file is part of the GNU C Library.
-   Based on strlen implementation by Torbjorn Granlund (tege@sics.se),
-   with help from Dan Sahlin (dan@sics.se) and
-   commentary by Jim Blandy (jimb@ai.mit.edu);
-   adaptation to memchr suggested by Dick Karpinski (dick@cca.ucsf.edu),
-   and implemented by Roland McGrath (roland@ai.mit.edu).
 
    The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
@@ -21,177 +16,67 @@ 
    License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
    <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
 
-#include <stdlib.h>
-
-#ifdef HAVE_CONFIG_H
-# include <config.h>
-#endif
-
-#if defined _LIBC
-# include <string.h>
-# include <memcopy.h>
-#endif
-
-#if defined HAVE_LIMITS_H || defined _LIBC
-# include <limits.h>
-#endif
-
-#define LONG_MAX_32_BITS 2147483647
-
-#ifndef LONG_MAX
-# define LONG_MAX LONG_MAX_32_BITS
-#endif
-
-#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <string-fzb.h>
+#include <string-fzc.h>
+#include <string-fzi.h>
+#include <string-shift.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <libc-pointer-arith.h>
 
 #undef __memrchr
 #undef memrchr
 
-#ifndef weak_alias
-# define __memrchr memrchr
+#ifdef MEMRCHR
+# define __memrchr MEMRCHR
 #endif
 
-/* Search no more than N bytes of S for C.  */
 void *
-#ifndef MEMRCHR
-__memrchr
-#else
-MEMRCHR
-#endif
-     (const void *s, int c_in, size_t n)
+__memrchr (const void *s, int c_in, size_t n)
 {
-  const unsigned char *char_ptr;
-  const unsigned long int *longword_ptr;
-  unsigned long int longword, magic_bits, charmask;
-  unsigned char c;
-
-  c = (unsigned char) c_in;
-
-  /* Handle the last few characters by reading one character at a time.
-     Do this until CHAR_PTR is aligned on a longword boundary.  */
-  for (char_ptr = (const unsigned char *) s + n;
-       n > 0 && ((unsigned long int) char_ptr
-		 & (sizeof (longword) - 1)) != 0;
-       --n)
-    if (*--char_ptr == c)
-      return (void *) char_ptr;
-
-  /* All these elucidatory comments refer to 4-byte longwords,
-     but the theory applies equally well to 8-byte longwords.  */
-
-  longword_ptr = (const unsigned long int *) char_ptr;
-
-  /* Bits 31, 24, 16, and 8 of this number are zero.  Call these bits
-     the "holes."  Note that there is a hole just to the left of
-     each byte, with an extra at the end:
+  if (__glibc_unlikely (n == 0))
+    return NULL;
 
-     bits:  01111110 11111110 11111110 11111111
-     bytes: AAAAAAAA BBBBBBBB CCCCCCCC DDDDDDDD
+  const op_t *word_ptr = (const op_t *) PTR_ALIGN_UP (s + n, sizeof (op_t));
+  uintptr_t s_int = (uintptr_t) s + n;
 
-     The 1-bits make sure that carries propagate to the next 0-bit.
-     The 0-bits provide holes for carries to fall into.  */
-  magic_bits = -1;
-  magic_bits = magic_bits / 0xff * 0xfe << 1 >> 1 | 1;
+  op_t word = *--word_ptr;
+  op_t repeated_c = repeat_bytes (c_in);
 
-  /* Set up a longword, each of whose bytes is C.  */
-  charmask = c | (c << 8);
-  charmask |= charmask << 16;
-#if LONG_MAX > LONG_MAX_32_BITS
-  charmask |= charmask << 32;
-#endif
+  /* Compute the address of the word containing the initial byte. */
+  const op_t *sword = (const op_t *) PTR_ALIGN_DOWN (s, sizeof (op_t));
 
-  /* Instead of the traditional loop which tests each character,
-     we will test a longword at a time.  The tricky part is testing
-     if *any of the four* bytes in the longword in question are zero.  */
-  while (n >= sizeof (longword))
+  if (s_int % sizeof (op_t) != 0)
     {
-      /* We tentatively exit the loop if adding MAGIC_BITS to
-	 LONGWORD fails to change any of the hole bits of LONGWORD.
-
-	 1) Is this safe?  Will it catch all the zero bytes?
-	 Suppose there is a byte with all zeros.  Any carry bits
-	 propagating from its left will fall into the hole at its
-	 least significant bit and stop.  Since there will be no
-	 carry from its most significant bit, the LSB of the
-	 byte to the left will be unchanged, and the zero will be
-	 detected.
-
-	 2) Is this worthwhile?  Will it ignore everything except
-	 zero bytes?  Suppose every byte of LONGWORD has a bit set
-	 somewhere.  There will be a carry into bit 8.  If bit 8
-	 is set, this will carry into bit 16.  If bit 8 is clear,
-	 one of bits 9-15 must be set, so there will be a carry
-	 into bit 16.  Similarly, there will be a carry into bit
-	 24.  If one of bits 24-30 is set, there will be a carry
-	 into bit 31, so all of the hole bits will be changed.
-
-	 The one misfire occurs when bits 24-30 are clear and bit
-	 31 is set; in this case, the hole at bit 31 is not
-	 changed.  If we had access to the processor carry flag,
-	 we could close this loophole by putting the fourth hole
-	 at bit 32!
-
-	 So it ignores everything except 128's, when they're aligned
-	 properly.
-
-	 3) But wait!  Aren't we looking for C, not zero?
-	 Good point.  So what we do is XOR LONGWORD with a longword,
-	 each of whose bytes is C.  This turns each byte that is C
-	 into a zero.  */
-
-      longword = *--longword_ptr ^ charmask;
-
-      /* Add MAGIC_BITS to LONGWORD.  */
-      if ((((longword + magic_bits)
-
-	    /* Set those bits that were unchanged by the addition.  */
-	    ^ ~longword)
-
-	   /* Look at only the hole bits.  If any of the hole bits
-	      are unchanged, most likely one of the bytes was a
-	      zero.  */
-	   & ~magic_bits) != 0)
+      /* If the end of buffer is not op_t aligned, mask off the undesirable
+	 bits before find the last byte position.  */
+      find_t mask = shift_find_last (find_eq_all (word, repeated_c), s_int);
+      if (mask != 0)
 	{
-	  /* Which of the bytes was C?  If none of them were, it was
-	     a misfire; continue the search.  */
-
-	  const unsigned char *cp = (const unsigned char *) longword_ptr;
-
-#if LONG_MAX > 2147483647
-	  if (cp[7] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[7];
-	  if (cp[6] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[6];
-	  if (cp[5] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[5];
-	  if (cp[4] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[4];
-#endif
-	  if (cp[3] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[3];
-	  if (cp[2] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[2];
-	  if (cp[1] == c)
-	    return (void *) &cp[1];
-	  if (cp[0] == c)
-	    return (void *) cp;
+	  char *ret = (char *) word_ptr + index_last (mask);
+	  return ret >= (char *) s ? ret : NULL;
 	}
-
-      n -= sizeof (longword);
+      if (word_ptr == sword)
+	return NULL;
+      word = *--word_ptr;
     }
 
-  char_ptr = (const unsigned char *) longword_ptr;
-
-  while (n-- > 0)
+  while (word_ptr != sword)
     {
-      if (*--char_ptr == c)
-	return (void *) char_ptr;
+      if (has_eq (word, repeated_c))
+	return (char *) word_ptr + index_last_eq (word, repeated_c);
+      word = *--word_ptr;
     }
 
-  return 0;
+  if (has_eq (word, repeated_c))
+    {
+      /* We found a match, but it might be in a byte past the end of the
+	 array.  */
+      char *ret = (char *) word_ptr + index_last_eq (word, repeated_c);
+      if (ret >= (char *) s)
+	return ret;
+    }
+  return NULL;
 }
 #ifndef MEMRCHR
-# ifdef weak_alias
 weak_alias (__memrchr, memrchr)
-# endif
 #endif