diff mbox series

[v8,2/4] arm64: Enable BTI for main executable as well as the interpreter

Message ID 20220124150704.2559523-3-broonie@kernel.org
State Not Applicable
Headers show
Series arm64: Enable BTI for the executable as well as the interpreter | expand

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Context Check Description
dj/TryBot-apply_patch fail Patch failed to apply to master at the time it was sent

Commit Message

Mark Brown Jan. 24, 2022, 3:07 p.m. UTC
Currently for dynamically linked ELF executables we only enable BTI for
the interpreter, expecting the interpreter to do this for the main
executable. This is a bit inconsistent since we do map main executable and
is causing issues with systemd's MemoryDenyWriteExecute feature which is
implemented using a seccomp filter which prevents setting PROT_EXEC on
already mapped memory and lacks the context to be able to detect that
memory is already mapped with PROT_EXEC.

Resolve this by checking the BTI property for the main executable and
enabling BTI if it is present when doing the initial mapping. This does
mean that we may get more code with BTI enabled if running on a system
without BTI support in the dynamic linker, this is expected to be a safe
configuration and testing seems to confirm that. It also reduces the
flexibility userspace has to disable BTI but it is expected that for cases
where there are problems which require BTI to be disabled it is more likely
that it will need to be disabled on a system level.

Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
Tested-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
---
 arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h | 15 ++++++++++++---
 arch/arm64/kernel/process.c  | 14 ++------------
 2 files changed, 14 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)

Comments

Catalin Marinas Feb. 4, 2022, 1:11 p.m. UTC | #1
On Mon, Jan 24, 2022 at 03:07:02PM +0000, Mark Brown wrote:
> Currently for dynamically linked ELF executables we only enable BTI for
> the interpreter, expecting the interpreter to do this for the main
> executable. This is a bit inconsistent since we do map main executable and
> is causing issues with systemd's MemoryDenyWriteExecute feature which is
> implemented using a seccomp filter which prevents setting PROT_EXEC on
> already mapped memory and lacks the context to be able to detect that
> memory is already mapped with PROT_EXEC.
> 
> Resolve this by checking the BTI property for the main executable and
> enabling BTI if it is present when doing the initial mapping. This does
> mean that we may get more code with BTI enabled if running on a system
> without BTI support in the dynamic linker, this is expected to be a safe
> configuration and testing seems to confirm that.

Alternatively we could only enable BTI on the main executable if the
interpreter is also compiled with the BTI attributes. But it still feels
a bit inconsistent as a BTI-capable interpreter doesn't necessarily mean
it had to be compiled with BTI support.

> It also reduces the
> flexibility userspace has to disable BTI but it is expected that for cases
> where there are problems which require BTI to be disabled it is more likely
> that it will need to be disabled on a system level.

That's my expectation as well. I'm not aware of any plans to make a
dynamic loader choose BTI based on some environment variable (not sure
about Android zygote, I haven't heard anything either).

> Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@kernel.org>
> Reviewed-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>
> Tested-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>

For this patch:

Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
index 5cc002376abe..c4aa60db76a4 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
+++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/elf.h
@@ -251,12 +251,21 @@  struct arch_elf_state {
 	int flags;
 };
 
-#define ARM64_ELF_BTI		(1 << 0)
+#define ARM64_ELF_INTERP_BTI		(1 << 0)
+#define ARM64_ELF_EXEC_BTI		(1 << 1)
 
 #define INIT_ARCH_ELF_STATE {			\
 	.flags = 0,				\
 }
 
+static inline int arm64_elf_bti_flag(bool is_interp)
+{
+	if (is_interp)
+		return ARM64_ELF_INTERP_BTI;
+	else
+		return ARM64_ELF_EXEC_BTI;
+}
+
 static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
 					  size_t datasz, bool compat,
 					  bool has_interp, bool is_interp,
@@ -272,9 +281,9 @@  static inline int arch_parse_elf_property(u32 type, const void *data,
 		if (datasz != sizeof(*p))
 			return -ENOEXEC;
 
-		if (system_supports_bti() && has_interp == is_interp &&
+		if (system_supports_bti() &&
 		    (*p & GNU_PROPERTY_AARCH64_FEATURE_1_BTI))
-			arch->flags |= ARM64_ELF_BTI;
+			arch->flags |= arm64_elf_bti_flag(is_interp);
 	}
 
 	return 0;
diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
index 5369e649fa79..8157910a4181 100644
--- a/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/process.c
@@ -704,18 +704,8 @@  core_initcall(tagged_addr_init);
 int arch_elf_adjust_prot(int prot, const struct arch_elf_state *state,
 			 bool has_interp, bool is_interp)
 {
-	/*
-	 * For dynamically linked executables the interpreter is
-	 * responsible for setting PROT_BTI on everything except
-	 * itself.
-	 */
-	if (is_interp != has_interp)
-		return prot;
-
-	if (!(state->flags & ARM64_ELF_BTI))
-		return prot;
-
-	if (prot & PROT_EXEC)
+	if ((prot & PROT_EXEC) &&
+	    (state->flags & arm64_elf_bti_flag(is_interp)))
 		prot |= PROT_BTI;
 
 	return prot;