diff mbox series

[v6,10/20] elf: Avoid unnecessary slowdown from profiling with audit (BZ#15533)

Message ID 20211115183734.531155-11-adhemerval.zanella@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series Multiple rtld-audit fixes | expand

Checks

Context Check Description
dj/TryBot-apply_patch success Patch applied to master at the time it was sent

Commit Message

Adhemerval Zanella Nov. 15, 2021, 6:37 p.m. UTC
The rtld-audit interfaces introduces a slowdown due to enabling profiling
instrumentation (as if LD_AUDIT implied LD_PROFILE).  However, instrumenting
is only necessary if one of audit libraries provides PLT callbacks (
la_pltenter or la_pltexit symbols).  Otherwise, the slowdown can be avoided.

The following patch adjusts the logic that enables profiling to iterate
over all audit modules and check if any of those provides a PLT hook.
To keep la_symbind() to work even without PLT callbacks, _dl_fixup now
calls the audit callback if the modules implements it.

Co-authored-by: Alexander Monakov <amonakov@ispras.ru>

Checked on x86_64-linux-gnu, i686-linux-gnu, and aarch64-linux-gnu.
---
 NEWS                  |   4 ++
 elf/Makefile          |  12 +++++
 elf/dl-reloc.c        |  20 +++++++-
 elf/dl-runtime.c      | 110 ++++++++++++------------------------------
 elf/rtld.c            |   8 +--
 elf/tst-audit19a.c    |  39 +++++++++++++++
 elf/tst-audit19b.c    |  94 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 elf/tst-audit19bmod.c |  23 +++++++++
 elf/tst-auditmod19a.c |  23 +++++++++
 elf/tst-auditmod19b.c |  46 ++++++++++++++++++
 include/link.h        |   2 +
 11 files changed, 294 insertions(+), 87 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 elf/tst-audit19a.c
 create mode 100644 elf/tst-audit19b.c
 create mode 100644 elf/tst-audit19bmod.c
 create mode 100644 elf/tst-auditmod19a.c
 create mode 100644 elf/tst-auditmod19b.c
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index f10971b180..427cd2a27d 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -184,6 +184,10 @@  Major new features:
   than or equal to a given integer.  This function is a GNU extension,
   although Solaris also provides a similar function.
 
+* The audit libraries will avoid unnecessary slowdown if it is not required
+  PLT tracking (by not implementing the la_pltenter() or la_pltexit()
+  callbacks).
+
 Deprecated and removed features, and other changes affecting compatibility:
 
 * The function pthread_mutex_consistent_np has been deprecated; programs
diff --git a/elf/Makefile b/elf/Makefile
index 80ed31edbe..d2a71f73f1 100644
--- a/elf/Makefile
+++ b/elf/Makefile
@@ -231,6 +231,8 @@  tests += restest1 preloadtest loadfail multiload origtest resolvfail \
 	 tst-tls20 tst-tls21 tst-dlmopen-dlerror tst-dlmopen-gethostbyname \
 	 tst-dl-is_dso tst-ro-dynamic \
 	 tst-audit18 \
+	 tst-audit19a \
+	 tst-audit19b \
 #	 reldep9
 tests-internal += loadtest unload unload2 circleload1 \
 	 neededtest neededtest2 neededtest3 neededtest4 \
@@ -373,6 +375,9 @@  modules-names = testobj1 testobj2 testobj3 testobj4 testobj5 testobj6 \
 		tst-dlmopen-gethostbyname-mod tst-ro-dynamic-mod \
 		tst-auditmod18 \
 		tst-audit18mod \
+		tst-auditmod19a \
+		tst-auditmod19b \
+		tst-audit19bmod \
 
 # Most modules build with _ISOMAC defined, but those filtered out
 # depend on internal headers.
@@ -1544,6 +1549,13 @@  $(objpfx)tst-audit18.out: $(objpfx)tst-auditmod18.so \
 			  $(objpfx)tst-audit18mod.so
 tst-audit18-ARGS = -- $(host-test-program-cmd)
 
+$(objpfx)tst-audit19a.out: $(objpfx)tst-auditmod19a.so
+tst-audit19a-ENV = LD_AUDIT=$(objpfx)tst-auditmod19a.so
+
+$(objpfx)tst-audit19b.out: $(objpfx)tst-auditmod19b.so
+$(objpfx)tst-audit19b: $(objpfx)tst-audit19bmod.so
+tst-audit19b-ARGS = -- $(host-test-program-cmd)
+
 # tst-sonamemove links against an older implementation of the library.
 LDFLAGS-tst-sonamemove-linkmod1.so = \
   -Wl,--version-script=tst-sonamemove-linkmod1.map \
diff --git a/elf/dl-reloc.c b/elf/dl-reloc.c
index 0d5b727c64..64a96c36e8 100644
--- a/elf/dl-reloc.c
+++ b/elf/dl-reloc.c
@@ -205,12 +205,28 @@  _dl_relocate_object (struct link_map *l, struct r_scope_elem *scope[],
   int skip_ifunc = reloc_mode & __RTLD_NOIFUNC;
 
 #ifdef SHARED
+  bool consider_symbind = false;
   /* If we are auditing, install the same handlers we need for profiling.  */
   if ((reloc_mode & __RTLD_AUDIT) == 0)
-    consider_profiling |= GLRO(dl_audit) != NULL;
+    {
+      struct audit_ifaces *afct = GLRO(dl_audit);
+      for (unsigned int cnt = 0; cnt < GLRO(dl_naudit); ++cnt)
+	{
+	  /* Profiling is needed only if PLT hooks are provided.  */
+	  if (afct->ARCH_LA_PLTENTER != NULL
+	      || afct->ARCH_LA_PLTEXIT != NULL)
+	    consider_profiling = 1;
+	  if (afct->symbind != NULL)
+	    consider_symbind = true;
+
+	  afct = afct->next;
+	}
+    }
 #elif defined PROF
   /* Never use dynamic linker profiling for gprof profiling code.  */
 # define consider_profiling 0
+#else
+# define consider_symbind 0
 #endif
 
   if (l->l_relocated)
@@ -272,7 +288,7 @@  _dl_relocate_object (struct link_map *l, struct r_scope_elem *scope[],
     ELF_DYNAMIC_RELOCATE (l, scope, lazy, consider_profiling, skip_ifunc);
 
 #ifndef PROF
-    if (__glibc_unlikely (consider_profiling)
+    if (consider_profiling | consider_symbind
 	&& l->l_info[DT_PLTRELSZ] != NULL)
       {
 	/* Allocate the array which will contain the already found
diff --git a/elf/dl-runtime.c b/elf/dl-runtime.c
index 03da689503..9a38eea7cc 100644
--- a/elf/dl-runtime.c
+++ b/elf/dl-runtime.c
@@ -131,6 +131,37 @@  _dl_fixup (
       && __builtin_expect (ELFW(ST_TYPE) (sym->st_info) == STT_GNU_IFUNC, 0))
     value = elf_ifunc_invoke (DL_FIXUP_VALUE_ADDR (value));
 
+#ifdef SHARED
+  /* Auditing checkpoint: we have a new binding.  Provide the auditing
+     libraries the possibility to change the value and tell us whether further
+     auditing is wanted.
+     The l_reloc_result is only allocated if there is an audit module which
+     provides a la_symbind().  */
+  if (l->l_reloc_result != NULL)
+    {
+      /* This is the address in the array where we store the result of previous
+	 relocations.  */
+      struct reloc_result *reloc_result
+	= &l->l_reloc_result[reloc_index (pltgot, reloc_arg, sizeof (PLTREL))];
+      unsigned int init = atomic_load_acquire (&reloc_result->init);
+      if (init == 0)
+	{
+	  _dl_audit_symbind (l, reloc_result, sym, &value, result);
+
+	  /* Store the result for later runs.  */
+	  if (__glibc_likely (! GLRO(dl_bind_not)))
+	    {
+	      reloc_result->addr = value;
+	      /* Guarantee all previous writes complete before init is
+		 updated.  See CONCURRENCY NOTES below.  */
+	      atomic_store_release (&reloc_result->init, 1);
+	    }
+	}
+      else
+	value = reloc_result->addr;
+    }
+#endif
+
   /* Finally, fix up the plt itself.  */
   if (__glibc_unlikely (GLRO(dl_bind_not)))
     return value;
@@ -290,84 +321,7 @@  _dl_profile_fixup (
 	 auditing libraries the possibility to change the value and
 	 tell us whether further auditing is wanted.  */
       if (defsym != NULL && GLRO(dl_naudit) > 0)
-	{
-	  reloc_result->bound = result;
-	  /* Compute index of the symbol entry in the symbol table of
-	     the DSO with the definition.  */
-	  reloc_result->boundndx = (defsym
-				    - (ElfW(Sym) *) D_PTR (result,
-							   l_info[DT_SYMTAB]));
-
-	  /* Determine whether any of the two participating DSOs is
-	     interested in auditing.  */
-	  if ((l->l_audit_any_plt | result->l_audit_any_plt) != 0)
-	    {
-	      unsigned int flags = 0;
-	      struct audit_ifaces *afct = GLRO(dl_audit);
-	      /* Synthesize a symbol record where the st_value field is
-		 the result.  */
-	      ElfW(Sym) sym = *defsym;
-	      sym.st_value = DL_FIXUP_VALUE_ADDR (value);
-
-	      /* Keep track whether there is any interest in tracing
-		 the call in the lower two bits.  */
-	      assert (DL_NNS * 2 <= sizeof (reloc_result->flags) * 8);
-	      assert ((LA_SYMB_NOPLTENTER | LA_SYMB_NOPLTEXIT) == 3);
-	      reloc_result->enterexit = LA_SYMB_NOPLTENTER | LA_SYMB_NOPLTEXIT;
-
-	      const char *strtab2 = (const void *) D_PTR (result,
-							  l_info[DT_STRTAB]);
-
-	      for (unsigned int cnt = 0; cnt < GLRO(dl_naudit); ++cnt)
-		{
-		  /* XXX Check whether both DSOs must request action or
-		     only one */
-		  struct auditstate *l_state = link_map_audit_state (l, cnt);
-		  struct auditstate *result_state
-		    = link_map_audit_state (result, cnt);
-		  if ((l_state->bindflags & LA_FLG_BINDFROM) != 0
-		      && (result_state->bindflags & LA_FLG_BINDTO) != 0)
-		    {
-		      if (afct->symbind != NULL)
-			{
-			  uintptr_t new_value
-			    = afct->symbind (&sym, reloc_result->boundndx,
-					     &l_state->cookie,
-					     &result_state->cookie,
-					     &flags,
-					     strtab2 + defsym->st_name);
-			  if (new_value != (uintptr_t) sym.st_value)
-			    {
-			      flags |= LA_SYMB_ALTVALUE;
-			      sym.st_value = new_value;
-			    }
-			}
-
-		      /* Remember the results for every audit library and
-			 store a summary in the first two bits.  */
-		      reloc_result->enterexit
-			&= flags & (LA_SYMB_NOPLTENTER | LA_SYMB_NOPLTEXIT);
-		      reloc_result->enterexit
-			|= ((flags & (LA_SYMB_NOPLTENTER | LA_SYMB_NOPLTEXIT))
-			    << ((cnt + 1) * 2));
-		    }
-		  else
-		    /* If the bind flags say this auditor is not interested,
-		       set the bits manually.  */
-		    reloc_result->enterexit
-		      |= ((LA_SYMB_NOPLTENTER | LA_SYMB_NOPLTEXIT)
-			  << ((cnt + 1) * 2));
-
-		  afct = afct->next;
-		}
-
-	      reloc_result->flags = flags;
-	      value = DL_FIXUP_ADDR_VALUE (sym.st_value);
-	    }
-	  else
-	    /* Set all bits since this symbol binding is not interesting.  */
-	    reloc_result->enterexit = (1u << DL_NNS) - 1;
-	}
+	_dl_audit_symbind (l, reloc_result, defsym, &value, result);
 #endif
 
       /* Store the result for later runs.  */
diff --git a/elf/rtld.c b/elf/rtld.c
index dc20643ee9..73a852ad42 100644
--- a/elf/rtld.c
+++ b/elf/rtld.c
@@ -1015,13 +1015,7 @@  ERROR: audit interface '%s' requires version %d (maximum supported version %d);
     "la_objsearch\0"
     "la_objopen\0"
     "la_preinit\0"
-#if __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 32
-    "la_symbind32\0"
-#elif __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 64
-    "la_symbind64\0"
-#else
-# error "__ELF_NATIVE_CLASS must be defined"
-#endif
+    LA_SYMBIND "\0"
 #define STRING(s) __STRING (s)
     "la_" STRING (ARCH_LA_PLTENTER) "\0"
     "la_" STRING (ARCH_LA_PLTEXIT) "\0"
diff --git a/elf/tst-audit19a.c b/elf/tst-audit19a.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..36b781f9be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-audit19a.c
@@ -0,0 +1,39 @@ 
+/* Check if DT_AUDIT a module without la_plt{enter,exit} symbols does not incur
+   in profiling (BZ#15533).
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include <link.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+/* We interpose the profile resolver and if it is called it means profiling is
+   enabled.  */
+void
+_dl_runtime_profile (ElfW(Word) addr)
+{
+  volatile int *p = NULL;
+  *p = 0;
+}
+
+static int
+do_test (void)
+{
+  printf ("...");
+  return 0;
+}
+
+#include <support/test-driver.c>
diff --git a/elf/tst-audit19b.c b/elf/tst-audit19b.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..300197ca2e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-audit19b.c
@@ -0,0 +1,94 @@ 
+/* Check if DT_AUDIT a module with la_plt{enter,exit} call la_symbind()
+   for lazy resolution.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include <getopt.h>
+#include <support/capture_subprocess.h>
+#include <support/check.h>
+#include <support/xstdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
+
+static int restart;
+#define CMDLINE_OPTIONS \
+  { "restart", no_argument, &restart, 1 },
+
+int tst_audit18bmod1_func (void);
+
+static int
+handle_restart (void)
+{
+  TEST_COMPARE (tst_audit18bmod1_func (), 10);
+  return 0;
+}
+
+static inline bool
+startswith (const char *str, const char *pre)
+{
+  size_t lenpre = strlen (pre);
+  size_t lenstr = strlen (str);
+  return lenstr < lenpre ? false : memcmp (pre, str, lenpre) == 0;
+}
+
+static int
+do_test (int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+  /* We must have either:
+     - One our fource parameters left if called initially:
+       + path to ld.so         optional
+       + "--library-path"      optional
+       + the library path      optional
+       + the application name  */
+
+  if (restart)
+    return handle_restart ();
+
+  char *spargv[9];
+  int i = 0;
+  for (; i < argc - 1; i++)
+    spargv[i] = argv[i + 1];
+  spargv[i++] = (char *) "--direct";
+  spargv[i++] = (char *) "--restart";
+  spargv[i] = NULL;
+
+  setenv ("LD_AUDIT", "tst-auditmod18b.so", 0);
+  struct support_capture_subprocess result
+    = support_capture_subprogram (spargv[0], spargv);
+  support_capture_subprocess_check (&result, "tst-audit18b", 0, sc_allow_stderr);
+
+  bool find_symbind = false;
+
+  FILE *out = fmemopen (result.err.buffer, result.err.length, "r");
+  TEST_VERIFY (out != NULL);
+  char *buffer = NULL;
+  size_t buffer_length = 0;
+  while (xgetline (&buffer, &buffer_length, out))
+    if (startswith (buffer, "la_symbind: tst_audit18bmod1_func") == 0)
+      find_symbind = true;
+
+  TEST_COMPARE (find_symbind, true);
+
+  free (buffer);
+  xfclose (out);
+
+  return 0;
+}
+
+#define TEST_FUNCTION_ARGV do_test
+#include <support/test-driver.c>
diff --git a/elf/tst-audit19bmod.c b/elf/tst-audit19bmod.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..9ffdcd8f3f
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-audit19bmod.c
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@ 
+/* Extra module for tst-audit18b.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+int
+tst_audit18bmod1_func (void)
+{
+  return 10;
+}
diff --git a/elf/tst-auditmod19a.c b/elf/tst-auditmod19a.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..2296382a1c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-auditmod19a.c
@@ -0,0 +1,23 @@ 
+/* Audit module for tst-audit18a.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+unsigned int
+la_version (unsigned int version)
+{
+  return version;
+}
diff --git a/elf/tst-auditmod19b.c b/elf/tst-auditmod19b.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000000..52bb88c7d7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/elf/tst-auditmod19b.c
@@ -0,0 +1,46 @@ 
+/* Audit module for tst-audit18b.
+   Copyright (C) 2021 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include <link.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+unsigned int
+la_version (unsigned int version)
+{
+  return version;
+}
+
+unsigned int
+la_objopen (struct link_map *map, Lmid_t lmid, uintptr_t *cookie)
+{
+  return LA_FLG_BINDTO | LA_FLG_BINDFROM;
+}
+
+uintptr_t
+#if __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 32
+la_symbind32 (Elf32_Sym *sym, unsigned int ndx, uintptr_t *refcook,
+	      uintptr_t *defcook, unsigned int *flags, const char *symname)
+#else
+la_symbind64 (Elf64_Sym *sym, unsigned int ndx, uintptr_t *refcook,
+	      uintptr_t *defcook, unsigned int *flags, const char *symname)
+#endif
+{
+  fprintf (stderr, "la_symbind: %s\n", symname);
+  return sym->st_value;
+}
diff --git a/include/link.h b/include/link.h
index c1c382ccfa..6a9f788d2b 100644
--- a/include/link.h
+++ b/include/link.h
@@ -367,8 +367,10 @@  extern struct r_debug_extended _r_debug_extended attribute_hidden;
 
 #if __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 32
 # define symbind symbind32
+# define LA_SYMBIND "la_symbind32"
 #elif __ELF_NATIVE_CLASS == 64
 # define symbind symbind64
+# define LA_SYMBIND "la_symbind64"
 #else
 # error "__ELF_NATIVE_CLASS must be defined"
 #endif