diff mbox

[RFC] Improve wordexp performance.

Message ID 20150513124945.GA4067@domone
State Superseded
Headers show

Commit Message

Ondrej Bilka May 13, 2015, 12:49 p.m. UTC
Hi, as I read Paul's wordexp patch I found that you use inefficient
idiom. Checking character membership with strchr is slow due to startup
cost. Much better is just use table lookup.

This patch does just that.

You could generalize this to strchr in bits/string2.h with constant
haystack but code would be ugly

It is related to improvement on my todo list namely precompute strpbrk
skip table which is done unless you have sse42 thats faster than lookup
table approach.

	* posix/wordexp.c: Precompute character tables.

Comments

Joseph Myers May 13, 2015, 3:59 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, 13 May 2015, Ondřej Bílka wrote:

> +static int
> +in_charset (char c, uint32_t *charset)
> +{
> +  return charset[c / 32] & (1 << (c % 32));
> +}
> +
> +static void 
> +make_charset (char *a, uint32_t *b)
> +{
> +  int i;
> +  for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
> +    b[i] = 0;   
> +  while (*a)
> +   {
> +     b[*a / 32] |= 1 << (*a % 32);
> +     a++;
> +   }
> +}

Anything like this using possibly signed char seems suspect; I'd expect it 
to use unsigned char unless there is a clearly documented reason why 
negative values aren't possible.
Carlos O'Donell May 13, 2015, 5:32 p.m. UTC | #2
On 05/13/2015 08:49 AM, Ondřej Bílka wrote:
> Hi, as I read Paul's wordexp patch I found that you use inefficient
> idiom. Checking character membership with strchr is slow due to startup
> cost. Much better is just use table lookup.

How did you test it was faster?

Could you please add a wordexp microbenchmark to show the gains?

Cheers,
Carlos.
Ondrej Bilka May 13, 2015, 6:35 p.m. UTC | #3
On Wed, May 13, 2015 at 01:32:00PM -0400, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
> On 05/13/2015 08:49 AM, Ondřej Bílka wrote:
> > Hi, as I read Paul's wordexp patch I found that you use inefficient
> > idiom. Checking character membership with strchr is slow due to startup
> > cost. Much better is just use table lookup.
> 
> How did you test it was faster?
>
You don't need to look at barometer to see if its raining. It does
single memory access which takes around 5-6 cycles is faster than strchr that takes ~30 cycles 
and cannot be faster as it also needs to do a memory access.

 
> Could you please add a wordexp microbenchmark to show the gains?
> 
I could. Its easy to make microbenchmark that shows improved performance.
Also its easy to make microbenchmark that makes it a regression. Just
use 128 byte IFS env. variable and call wordexp("x", foo, 0)
I could also make microbenchmark that is inconclusive as performance
difference is lost in syscall overhead of finding filenames by glob.

So I wont make microbenchmark as it would be useless exercise for pretty
obvious case.

You would need runtime profiling to get something useful.
Carlos O'Donell May 13, 2015, 6:55 p.m. UTC | #4
On 05/13/2015 02:35 PM, Ondřej Bílka wrote:
> On Wed, May 13, 2015 at 01:32:00PM -0400, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
>> On 05/13/2015 08:49 AM, Ondřej Bílka wrote:
>>> Hi, as I read Paul's wordexp patch I found that you use inefficient
>>> idiom. Checking character membership with strchr is slow due to startup
>>> cost. Much better is just use table lookup.
>>
>> How did you test it was faster?
>>
> You don't need to look at barometer to see if its raining. It does
> single memory access which takes around 5-6 cycles is faster than strchr that takes ~30 cycles 
> and cannot be faster as it also needs to do a memory access.
> 
>  
>> Could you please add a wordexp microbenchmark to show the gains?
>>
> I could. Its easy to make microbenchmark that shows improved performance.
> Also its easy to make microbenchmark that makes it a regression. Just
> use 128 byte IFS env. variable and call wordexp("x", foo, 0)
> I could also make microbenchmark that is inconclusive as performance
> difference is lost in syscall overhead of finding filenames by glob.

And those would all represent various workloads which we care about?

I'm fine having 3 different wordexp microbenchmarks.

> So I wont make microbenchmark as it would be useless exercise for pretty
> obvious case.

OK.
 
> You would need runtime profiling to get something useful.

I don't agree with that. I think a microbenchmark of wordexp would be useful
as a regression test for this case.

Cheers,
Carlos.
diff mbox

Patch

diff --git a/posix/wordexp.c b/posix/wordexp.c
index e711d43..8939ca9 100644
--- a/posix/wordexp.c
+++ b/posix/wordexp.c
@@ -45,6 +45,35 @@ 
 #include <bits/libc-lock.h>
 #include <_itoa.h>
 
+
+static int
+in_charset (char c, uint32_t *charset)
+{
+  return charset[c / 32] & (1 << (c % 32));
+}
+
+static void 
+make_charset (char *a, uint32_t *b)
+{
+  int i;
+  for (i = 0; i < 8; i++)
+    b[i] = 0;   
+  while (*a)
+   {
+     b[*a / 32] |= 1 << (*a % 32);
+     a++;
+   }
+}
+
+struct ifss {
+  char *ifs;
+  char *ifs_white;
+  uint32_t ifs_table[8];
+  uint32_t ifs_white_table[8];
+};
+
+struct ifss nulifs;
+
 /* Undefine the following line for the production version.  */
 /* #define NDEBUG 1 */
 #include <assert.h>
@@ -63,18 +92,16 @@  extern char **__libc_argv attribute_hidden;
 /* Some forward declarations */
 static int parse_dollars (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 			  const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-			  wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs,
-			  const char *ifs_white, int quoted)
+			  wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata, int quoted)
      internal_function;
 static int parse_backtick (char **word, size_t *word_length,
 			   size_t *max_length, const char *words,
 			   size_t *offset, int flags, wordexp_t *pwordexp,
-			   const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white)
+			   struct ifss *ifsdata)
      internal_function;
 static int parse_dquote (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 			 const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-			 wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs,
-			 const char *ifs_white)
+			 wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
      internal_function;
 static int eval_expr (char *expr, long int *result) internal_function;
 
@@ -381,8 +408,7 @@  parse_tilde (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 static int
 internal_function
 do_parse_glob (const char *glob_word, char **word, size_t *word_length,
-	       size_t *max_length, wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs,
-	       const char *ifs_white)
+	       size_t *max_length, wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   int error;
   unsigned int match;
@@ -397,7 +423,7 @@  do_parse_glob (const char *glob_word, char **word, size_t *word_length,
       return WRDE_NOSPACE;
     }
 
-  if (ifs && !*ifs)
+  if (ifsdata->ifs && !*(ifsdata->ifs))
     {
       /* No field splitting allowed. */
       assert (globbuf.gl_pathv[0] != NULL);
@@ -414,7 +440,7 @@  do_parse_glob (const char *glob_word, char **word, size_t *word_length,
       return *word ? 0 : WRDE_NOSPACE;
     }
 
-  assert (ifs == NULL || *ifs != '\0');
+  assert (ifsdata->ifs == NULL || *(ifsdata->ifs) != '\0');
   if (*word != NULL)
     {
       free (*word);
@@ -439,7 +465,7 @@  static int
 internal_function
 parse_glob (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	    const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-	    wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white)
+	    wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   /* We are poised just after a '*', a '[' or a '?'. */
   int error = WRDE_NOSPACE;
@@ -452,7 +478,7 @@  parse_glob (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
   glob_list.we_offs = 0;
   for (; words[*offset] != '\0'; ++*offset)
     {
-      if (strchr (ifs, words[*offset]) != NULL)
+      if (in_charset (words[*offset], ifsdata->ifs_table))
 	/* Reached IFS */
 	break;
 
@@ -488,7 +514,7 @@  parse_glob (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
       if (quoted != 1 && words[*offset] == '$')
 	{
 	  error = parse_dollars (word, word_length, max_length, words,
-				 offset, flags, &glob_list, ifs, ifs_white,
+				 offset, flags, &glob_list, ifsdata,
 				 quoted == 2);
 	  if (error)
 	    goto tidy_up;
@@ -523,7 +549,7 @@  parse_glob (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
   *word = w_newword (word_length, max_length);
   for (i = 0; error == 0 && i < glob_list.we_wordc; i++)
     error = do_parse_glob (glob_list.we_wordv[i], word, word_length,
-			   max_length, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+			   max_length, pwordexp, ifsdata);
 
   /* Now tidy up */
 tidy_up:
@@ -685,7 +711,7 @@  parse_arith (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	{
 	case '$':
 	  error = parse_dollars (&expr, &expr_length, &expr_maxlen,
-				 words, offset, flags, NULL, NULL, NULL, 1);
+				 words, offset, flags, NULL, &nulifs, 1);
 	  /* The ``1'' here is to tell parse_dollars not to
 	   * split the fields.
 	   */
@@ -699,7 +725,7 @@  parse_arith (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	case '`':
 	  (*offset)++;
 	  error = parse_backtick (&expr, &expr_length, &expr_maxlen,
-				  words, offset, flags, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+				  words, offset, flags, NULL, &nulifs);
 	  /* The first NULL here is to tell parse_backtick not to
 	   * split the fields.
 	   */
@@ -884,8 +910,7 @@  exec_comm_child (char *comm, int *fildes, int showerr, int noexec)
 static int
 internal_function
 exec_comm (char *comm, char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
-	   int flags, wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs,
-	   const char *ifs_white)
+	   int flags, wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   int fildes[2];
 #define bufsize 128
@@ -1010,10 +1035,10 @@  exec_comm (char *comm, char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 
 	  for (i = 0; i < buflen; ++i)
 	    {
-	      if (strchr (ifs, buffer[i]) != NULL)
+	      if (in_charset (buffer[i], ifsdata->ifs_table))
 		{
 		  /* Current character is IFS */
-		  if (strchr (ifs_white, buffer[i]) == NULL)
+		  if (!in_charset (buffer[i], ifsdata->ifs_white_table))
 		    {
 		      /* Current character is IFS but not whitespace */
 		      if (copying == 2)
@@ -1142,7 +1167,7 @@  static int
 internal_function
 parse_comm (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	    const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags, wordexp_t *pwordexp,
-	    const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white)
+	    struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   /* We are poised just after "$(" */
   int paren_depth = 1;
@@ -1191,7 +1216,7 @@  parse_comm (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 #endif
 
 		  error = exec_comm (comm, word, word_length, max_length,
-				     flags, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+				     flags, pwordexp, ifsdata);
 
 #ifdef __libc_ptf_call
 		  __libc_ptf_call (pthread_setcancelstate, (state, NULL), 0);
@@ -1222,14 +1247,12 @@  parse_comm (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
   return WRDE_SYNTAX;
 }
 
-#define CHAR_IN_SET(ch, char_set) \
-  (memchr (char_set "", ch, sizeof (char_set) - 1) != NULL)
 
 static int
 internal_function
 parse_param (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	     const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags, wordexp_t *pwordexp,
-	     const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white, int quoted)
+	     struct ifss *ifsdata, int quoted)
 {
   /* We are poised just after "$" */
   enum action
@@ -1269,6 +1292,8 @@  parse_param (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
   if (brace)
     ++*offset;
 
+  uint32_t set1[8] = {0x0, 0x410, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}; /* *@$ */
+
   /* First collect the parameter name. */
 
   if (words[*offset] == '#')
@@ -1306,7 +1331,7 @@  parse_param (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	}
       while (isdigit(words[++*offset]));
     }
-  else if (CHAR_IN_SET (words[*offset], "*@$"))
+  else if (in_charset (words[*offset], set1))
     {
       /* Special parameter. */
       special = 1;
@@ -1349,8 +1374,9 @@  parse_param (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	    }
 	  break;
 
-	case ':':
-	  if (!CHAR_IN_SET (words[1 + *offset], "-=?+"))
+	case ':':;
+          uint32_t set2[8] = {0x0, 0xa0002800, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}; /* -=?+ */
+	  if (!in_charset (words[1 + *offset], set2))
 	    goto syntax;
 
 	  colon_seen = 1;
@@ -1648,7 +1674,7 @@  envsubst:
 		case '$':
 		  offset = 0;
 		  error = parse_dollars (&expanded, &exp_len, &exp_maxl, p,
-					 &offset, flags, NULL, NULL, NULL, 1);
+					 &offset, flags, NULL, &nulifs, 1);
 		  if (error)
 		    {
 		      if (free_value)
@@ -1991,22 +2017,22 @@  envsubst:
 	    }
 
 	  /* Skip IFS whitespace before the field */
-	  field_begin += strspn (field_begin, ifs_white);
+	  field_begin += strspn (field_begin, ifsdata->ifs_white);
 
 	  if (!seen_nonws_ifs && *field_begin == 0)
 	    /* Nothing but whitespace */
 	    break;
 
 	  /* Search for the end of the field */
-	  field_end = field_begin + strcspn (field_begin, ifs);
+	  field_end = field_begin + strcspn (field_begin, ifsdata->ifs);
 
 	  /* Set up pointer to the character after end of field and
 	     skip whitespace IFS after it. */
-	  next_field = field_end + strspn (field_end, ifs_white);
+	  next_field = field_end + strspn (field_end, ifsdata->ifs_white);
 
 	  /* Skip at most one non-whitespace IFS character after the field */
 	  seen_nonws_ifs = 0;
-	  if (*next_field && strchr (ifs, *next_field))
+	  if (*next_field && in_charset (*next_field, ifsdata->ifs_table))
 	    {
 	      seen_nonws_ifs = 1;
 	      next_field++;
@@ -2052,13 +2078,12 @@  do_error:
   return error;
 }
 
-#undef CHAR_IN_SET
 
 static int
 internal_function
 parse_dollars (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	       const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-	       wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white,
+	       wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata,
 	       int quoted)
 {
   /* We are poised _at_ "$" */
@@ -2097,7 +2122,7 @@  parse_dollars (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 
       (*offset) += 2;
       return parse_comm (word, word_length, max_length, words, offset, flags,
-			 quoted? NULL : pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+			 quoted? NULL : pwordexp, ifsdata);
 
     case '[':
       (*offset) += 2;
@@ -2109,7 +2134,7 @@  parse_dollars (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
     default:
       ++(*offset);	/* parse_param needs to know if "{" is there */
       return parse_param (word, word_length, max_length, words, offset, flags,
-			   pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white, quoted);
+			   pwordexp, ifsdata, quoted);
     }
 }
 
@@ -2117,7 +2142,7 @@  static int
 internal_function
 parse_backtick (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 		const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-		wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char *ifs, const char *ifs_white)
+		wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   /* We are poised just after "`" */
   int error;
@@ -2133,7 +2158,7 @@  parse_backtick (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	case '`':
 	  /* Go -- give the script to the shell */
 	  error = exec_comm (comm, word, word_length, max_length, flags,
-			     pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+			     pwordexp, ifsdata);
 	  free (comm);
 	  return error;
 
@@ -2181,7 +2206,7 @@  static int
 internal_function
 parse_dquote (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	      const char *words, size_t *offset, int flags,
-	      wordexp_t *pwordexp, const char * ifs, const char * ifs_white)
+	      wordexp_t *pwordexp, struct ifss *ifsdata)
 {
   /* We are poised just after a double-quote */
   int error;
@@ -2195,7 +2220,7 @@  parse_dquote (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 
 	case '$':
 	  error = parse_dollars (word, word_length, max_length, words, offset,
-				 flags, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white, 1);
+				 flags, pwordexp, ifsdata, 1);
 	  /* The ``1'' here is to tell parse_dollars not to
 	   * split the fields.  It may need to, however ("$@").
 	   */
@@ -2207,7 +2232,7 @@  parse_dquote (char **word, size_t *word_length, size_t *max_length,
 	case '`':
 	  ++(*offset);
 	  error = parse_backtick (word, word_length, max_length, words,
-				  offset, flags, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+				  offset, flags, NULL, &nulifs);
 	  /* The first NULL here is to tell parse_backtick not to
 	   * split the fields.
 	   */
@@ -2340,6 +2365,13 @@  wordexp (const char *words, wordexp_t *pwordexp, int flags)
       *whch = '\0';
     }
 
+  struct ifss ifsdata;
+  ifsdata.ifs = ifs;
+  ifsdata.ifs_white = ifs_white;
+  make_charset (ifs, ifsdata.ifs_table);
+  make_charset (ifs_white, ifsdata.ifs_white_table);
+
+
   for (words_offset = 0 ; words[words_offset] ; ++words_offset)
     switch (words[words_offset])
       {
@@ -2354,7 +2386,7 @@  wordexp (const char *words, wordexp_t *pwordexp, int flags)
 
       case '$':
 	error = parse_dollars (&word, &word_length, &max_length, words,
-			       &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white,
+			       &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, &ifsdata,
 			       0);
 
 	if (error)
@@ -2365,8 +2397,7 @@  wordexp (const char *words, wordexp_t *pwordexp, int flags)
       case '`':
 	++words_offset;
 	error = parse_backtick (&word, &word_length, &max_length, words,
-				&words_offset, flags, pwordexp, ifs,
-				ifs_white);
+				&words_offset, flags, pwordexp, &ifsdata);
 
 	if (error)
 	  goto do_error;
@@ -2376,7 +2407,7 @@  wordexp (const char *words, wordexp_t *pwordexp, int flags)
       case '"':
 	++words_offset;
 	error = parse_dquote (&word, &word_length, &max_length, words,
-			      &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+			      &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, &ifsdata);
 
 	if (error)
 	  goto do_error;
@@ -2422,21 +2453,24 @@  wordexp (const char *words, wordexp_t *pwordexp, int flags)
       case '[':
       case '?':
 	error = parse_glob (&word, &word_length, &max_length, words,
-			    &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, ifs, ifs_white);
+			    &words_offset, flags, pwordexp, &ifsdata);
 
 	if (error)
 	  goto do_error;
 
 	break;
 
-      default:
+      default:;
 	/* Is it a word separator? */
-	if (strchr (" \t", words[words_offset]) == NULL)
-	  {
-	    char ch = words[words_offset];
+	char ch = words[words_offset];
 
+        uint32_t set3[8] = {0x200, 0x1, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0, 0x0}; /* \t */
+	if (!in_charset (ch, set3))
+	  {
 	    /* Not a word separator -- but is it a valid word char? */
-	    if (strchr ("\n|&;<>(){}", ch))
+            uint32_t set4[8] = {0x400, 0x58000340, 0x0, 0x38000000, 0x0, 0x0, 
+                                0x0, 0x0}; /* \n|&;<>(){} */
+	    if (in_charset (ch, set4))
 	      {
 		/* Fail */
 		error = WRDE_BADCHAR;