diff mbox series

[v7,07/14] rtld: Clean up PT_NOTE and add PT_GNU_PROPERTY handling

Message ID 216a0255dddce1487ae556e6961bc52bd397d35f.1594209990.git.szabolcs.nagy@arm.com
State Committed
Commit c7aa8596de86fb667914ccb95c10495ad056ff96
Headers show
Series aarch64: branch protection support | expand

Commit Message

Szabolcs Nagy July 8, 2020, 12:12 p.m. UTC
Add generic code to handle PT_GNU_PROPERTY notes. Invalid
content is ignored, _dl_process_pt_gnu_property is always called
after PT_LOAD segments are mapped and it has no failure modes.
Currently only one NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note is handled, which
contains target specific properties: the _dl_process_gnu_property
hook is called for each property.

The old _dl_process_pt_note and _rtld_process_pt_note differ in how
the program header is read.  The old _dl_process_pt_note is called
before PT_LOAD segments are mapped and _rtld_process_pt_note is called
after PT_LOAD segments are mapped. The old _rtld_process_pt_note is
removed and _dl_process_pt_note is always called after PT_LOAD
segments are mapped and now it has no failure modes.

The program headers are scanned backwards so that PT_NOTE can be
skipped if PT_GNU_PROPERTY exists.

Co-Authored-By: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Adhemerval Zanella  <adhemerval.zanella@linaro.org>
---
 elf/dl-load.c              | 94 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 elf/rtld.c                 | 14 ++++--
 sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h  | 23 +++++-----
 sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h |  4 ++
 sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h      | 47 +++----------------
 5 files changed, 118 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)

Comments

H.J. Lu July 8, 2020, 1:23 p.m. UTC | #1
On Wed, Jul 8, 2020 at 5:14 AM Szabolcs Nagy <szabolcs.nagy@arm.com> wrote:
>
> Add generic code to handle PT_GNU_PROPERTY notes. Invalid
> content is ignored, _dl_process_pt_gnu_property is always called
> after PT_LOAD segments are mapped and it has no failure modes.
> Currently only one NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note is handled, which
> contains target specific properties: the _dl_process_gnu_property
> hook is called for each property.
>
> The old _dl_process_pt_note and _rtld_process_pt_note differ in how
> the program header is read.  The old _dl_process_pt_note is called
> before PT_LOAD segments are mapped and _rtld_process_pt_note is called
> after PT_LOAD segments are mapped. The old _rtld_process_pt_note is
> removed and _dl_process_pt_note is always called after PT_LOAD
> segments are mapped and now it has no failure modes.
>
> The program headers are scanned backwards so that PT_NOTE can be
> skipped if PT_GNU_PROPERTY exists.
>
> Co-Authored-By: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
> Reviewed-by: Adhemerval Zanella  <adhemerval.zanella@linaro.org>

The previous patch:

https://sourceware.org/pipermail/libc-alpha/2020-July/115636.html

has been acked by

https://sourceware.org/pipermail/libc-alpha/2020-July/115831.html


>  elf/dl-load.c              | 94 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>  elf/rtld.c                 | 14 ++++--
>  sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h  | 23 +++++-----
>  sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h |  4 ++
>  sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h      | 47 +++----------------
>  5 files changed, 118 insertions(+), 64 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/elf/dl-load.c b/elf/dl-load.c
> index 06f2ba7264..e39980fb19 100644
> --- a/elf/dl-load.c
> +++ b/elf/dl-load.c
> @@ -853,6 +853,77 @@ lose (int code, int fd, const char *name, char *realname, struct link_map *l,
>  }
>
>
> +/* Process PT_GNU_PROPERTY program header PH in module L after
> +   PT_LOAD segments are mapped.  Only one NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
> +   note is handled which contains processor specific properties.  */
> +
> +void
> +_dl_process_pt_gnu_property (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
> +{
> +  const ElfW(Nhdr) *note = (const void *) (ph->p_vaddr + l->l_addr);
> +  const ElfW(Addr) size = ph->p_memsz;
> +  const ElfW(Addr) align = ph->p_align;
> +
> +  /* The NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note must be aligned to 4 bytes in
> +     32-bit objects and to 8 bytes in 64-bit objects.  Skip notes
> +     with incorrect alignment.  */
> +  if (align != (__ELF_NATIVE_CLASS / 8))
> +    return;
> +
> +  const ElfW(Addr) start = (ElfW(Addr)) note;
> +  unsigned int last_type = 0;
> +
> +  while ((ElfW(Addr)) (note + 1) - start < size)
> +    {
> +      /* Find the NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note.  */
> +      if (note->n_namesz == 4
> +         && note->n_type == NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
> +         && memcmp (note + 1, "GNU", 4) == 0)
> +       {
> +         /* Check for invalid property.  */
> +         if (note->n_descsz < 8
> +             || (note->n_descsz % sizeof (ElfW(Addr))) != 0)
> +           return;
> +
> +         /* Start and end of property array.  */
> +         unsigned char *ptr = (unsigned char *) (note + 1) + 4;
> +         unsigned char *ptr_end = ptr + note->n_descsz;
> +
> +         do
> +           {
> +             unsigned int type = *(unsigned int *) ptr;
> +             unsigned int datasz = *(unsigned int *) (ptr + 4);
> +
> +             /* Property type must be in ascending order.  */
> +             if (type < last_type)
> +               return;
> +
> +             ptr += 8;
> +             if ((ptr + datasz) > ptr_end)
> +               return;
> +
> +             last_type = type;
> +
> +             /* Target specific property processing.  */
> +             if (_dl_process_gnu_property (l, type, datasz, ptr) == 0)
> +               return;
> +

A space is added.

Does this patch require other patches? If not, it can go in now.

Thanks.
Szabolcs Nagy July 8, 2020, 1:29 p.m. UTC | #2
The 07/08/2020 06:23, H.J. Lu wrote:
> Does this patch require other patches? If not, it can go in now.

committed now.
diff mbox series

Patch

diff --git a/elf/dl-load.c b/elf/dl-load.c
index 06f2ba7264..e39980fb19 100644
--- a/elf/dl-load.c
+++ b/elf/dl-load.c
@@ -853,6 +853,77 @@  lose (int code, int fd, const char *name, char *realname, struct link_map *l,
 }
 
 
+/* Process PT_GNU_PROPERTY program header PH in module L after
+   PT_LOAD segments are mapped.  Only one NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+   note is handled which contains processor specific properties.  */
+
+void
+_dl_process_pt_gnu_property (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
+{
+  const ElfW(Nhdr) *note = (const void *) (ph->p_vaddr + l->l_addr);
+  const ElfW(Addr) size = ph->p_memsz;
+  const ElfW(Addr) align = ph->p_align;
+
+  /* The NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note must be aligned to 4 bytes in
+     32-bit objects and to 8 bytes in 64-bit objects.  Skip notes
+     with incorrect alignment.  */
+  if (align != (__ELF_NATIVE_CLASS / 8))
+    return;
+
+  const ElfW(Addr) start = (ElfW(Addr)) note;
+  unsigned int last_type = 0;
+
+  while ((ElfW(Addr)) (note + 1) - start < size)
+    {
+      /* Find the NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note.  */
+      if (note->n_namesz == 4
+	  && note->n_type == NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+	  && memcmp (note + 1, "GNU", 4) == 0)
+	{
+	  /* Check for invalid property.  */
+	  if (note->n_descsz < 8
+	      || (note->n_descsz % sizeof (ElfW(Addr))) != 0)
+	    return;
+
+	  /* Start and end of property array.  */
+	  unsigned char *ptr = (unsigned char *) (note + 1) + 4;
+	  unsigned char *ptr_end = ptr + note->n_descsz;
+
+	  do
+	    {
+	      unsigned int type = *(unsigned int *) ptr;
+	      unsigned int datasz = *(unsigned int *) (ptr + 4);
+
+	      /* Property type must be in ascending order.  */
+	      if (type < last_type)
+		return;
+
+	      ptr += 8;
+	      if ((ptr + datasz) > ptr_end)
+		return;
+
+	      last_type = type;
+
+	      /* Target specific property processing.  */
+	      if (_dl_process_gnu_property (l, type, datasz, ptr) == 0)
+		return;
+
+	      /* Check the next property item.  */
+	      ptr += ALIGN_UP (datasz, sizeof (ElfW(Addr)));
+	    }
+	  while ((ptr_end - ptr) >= 8);
+
+	  /* Only handle one NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0.  */
+	  return;
+	}
+
+      note = ((const void *) note
+	      + ELF_NOTE_NEXT_OFFSET (note->n_namesz, note->n_descsz,
+				      align));
+    }
+}
+
+
 /* Map in the shared object NAME, actually located in REALNAME, and already
    opened on FD.  */
 
@@ -1145,14 +1216,6 @@  _dl_map_object_from_fd (const char *name, const char *origname, int fd,
 	  l->l_relro_addr = ph->p_vaddr;
 	  l->l_relro_size = ph->p_memsz;
 	  break;
-
-	case PT_NOTE:
-	  if (_dl_process_pt_note (l, ph, fd, fbp))
-	    {
-	      errstring = N_("cannot process note segment");
-	      goto call_lose;
-	    }
-	  break;
 	}
 
     if (__glibc_unlikely (nloadcmds == 0))
@@ -1188,6 +1251,21 @@  _dl_map_object_from_fd (const char *name, const char *origname, int fd,
 				  maplength, has_holes, loader);
     if (__glibc_unlikely (errstring != NULL))
       goto call_lose;
+
+    /* Process program headers again after load segments are mapped in
+       case processing requires accessing those segments.  Scan program
+       headers backward so that PT_NOTE can be skipped if PT_GNU_PROPERTY
+       exits.  */
+    for (ph = &phdr[l->l_phnum]; ph != phdr; --ph)
+      switch (ph[-1].p_type)
+	{
+	case PT_NOTE:
+	  _dl_process_pt_note (l, &ph[-1]);
+	  break;
+	case PT_GNU_PROPERTY:
+	  _dl_process_pt_gnu_property (l, &ph[-1]);
+	  break;
+	}
   }
 
   if (l->l_ld == 0)
diff --git a/elf/rtld.c b/elf/rtld.c
index 882b070cc0..f4c2602d65 100644
--- a/elf/rtld.c
+++ b/elf/rtld.c
@@ -1507,11 +1507,17 @@  of this helper program; chances are you did not intend to run this program.\n\
 	main_map->l_relro_addr = ph->p_vaddr;
 	main_map->l_relro_size = ph->p_memsz;
 	break;
-
+      }
+  /* Process program headers again, but scan them backwards so
+     that PT_NOTE can be skipped if PT_GNU_PROPERTY exits.  */
+  for (ph = &phdr[phnum]; ph != phdr; --ph)
+    switch (ph[-1].p_type)
+      {
       case PT_NOTE:
-	if (_rtld_process_pt_note (main_map, ph))
-	  _dl_error_printf ("\
-ERROR: '%s': cannot process note segment.\n", _dl_argv[0]);
+	_dl_process_pt_note (main_map, &ph[-1]);
+	break;
+      case PT_GNU_PROPERTY:
+	_dl_process_pt_gnu_property (main_map, &ph[-1]);
 	break;
       }
 
diff --git a/sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h b/sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h
index 6b0f2aa95a..f1cf576fe3 100644
--- a/sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h
+++ b/sysdeps/generic/dl-prop.h
@@ -20,11 +20,11 @@ 
 #define _DL_PROP_H
 
 /* The following functions are used by the dynamic loader and the
-   dlopen machinery to process PT_NOTE entries in the binary or
-   shared object.  The notes can be used to change the behaviour of
-   the loader, and as such offer a flexible mechanism for hooking in
-   various checks related to ABI tags or implementing "flag day" ABI
-   transitions.  */
+   dlopen machinery to process PT_NOTE and PT_GNU_PROPERTY entries in
+   the binary or shared object.  The notes can be used to change the
+   behaviour of the loader, and as such offer a flexible mechanism
+   for hooking in various checks related to ABI tags or implementing
+   "flag day" ABI transitions.  */
 
 static inline void __attribute__ ((always_inline))
 _rtld_main_check (struct link_map *m, const char *program)
@@ -36,17 +36,16 @@  _dl_open_check (struct link_map *m)
 {
 }
 
-#ifdef FILEBUF_SIZE
-static inline int __attribute__ ((always_inline))
-_dl_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph,
-		     int fd, struct filebuf *fbp)
+static inline void __attribute__ ((always_inline))
+_dl_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
 {
-  return 0;
 }
-#endif
 
+/* Called for each property in the NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0 note of L,
+   processing of the properties continues until this returns 0.  */
 static inline int __attribute__ ((always_inline))
-_rtld_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
+_dl_process_gnu_property (struct link_map *l, uint32_t type, uint32_t datasz,
+			  void *data)
 {
   return 0;
 }
diff --git a/sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h b/sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h
index d08b97a5ef..c525ffa12c 100644
--- a/sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h
+++ b/sysdeps/generic/ldsodefs.h
@@ -910,6 +910,10 @@  extern void _dl_setup_hash (struct link_map *map) attribute_hidden;
 extern void _dl_rtld_di_serinfo (struct link_map *loader,
 				 Dl_serinfo *si, bool counting);
 
+/* Process PT_GNU_PROPERTY program header PH in module L after
+   PT_LOAD segments are mapped.  */
+void _dl_process_pt_gnu_property (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph);
+
 
 /* Search loaded objects' symbol tables for a definition of the symbol
    referred to by UNDEF.  *SYM is the symbol table entry containing the
diff --git a/sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h b/sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h
index 516f88ea80..89911e19e2 100644
--- a/sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h
+++ b/sysdeps/x86/dl-prop.h
@@ -19,8 +19,6 @@ 
 #ifndef _DL_PROP_H
 #define _DL_PROP_H
 
-#include <not-cancel.h>
-
 extern void _dl_cet_check (struct link_map *, const char *)
     attribute_hidden;
 extern void _dl_cet_open_check (struct link_map *)
@@ -146,48 +144,17 @@  _dl_process_cet_property_note (struct link_map *l,
 #endif
 }
 
-#ifdef FILEBUF_SIZE
-static inline int __attribute__ ((unused))
-_dl_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph,
-		     int fd, struct filebuf *fbp)
+static inline void __attribute__ ((unused))
+_dl_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
 {
-# if CET_ENABLED
-  const ElfW(Nhdr) *note;
-  ElfW(Nhdr) *note_malloced = NULL;
-  ElfW(Addr) size = ph->p_filesz;
-
-  if (ph->p_offset + size <= (size_t) fbp->len)
-    note = (const void *) (fbp->buf + ph->p_offset);
-  else
-    {
-      if (size < __MAX_ALLOCA_CUTOFF)
-	note = alloca (size);
-      else
-	{
-	  note_malloced = malloc (size);
-	  note = note_malloced;
-	}
-      if (__pread64_nocancel (fd, (void *) note, size, ph->p_offset) != size)
-	{
-	  if (note_malloced)
-	    free (note_malloced);
-	  return -1;
-	}
-    }
-
-  _dl_process_cet_property_note (l, note, size, ph->p_align);
-  if (note_malloced)
-    free (note_malloced);
-# endif
-  return 0;
+  const ElfW(Nhdr) *note = (const void *) (ph->p_vaddr + l->l_addr);
+  _dl_process_cet_property_note (l, note, ph->p_memsz, ph->p_align);
 }
-#endif
 
-static inline int __attribute__ ((unused))
-_rtld_process_pt_note (struct link_map *l, const ElfW(Phdr) *ph)
+static inline int __attribute__ ((always_inline))
+_dl_process_gnu_property (struct link_map *l, uint32_t type, uint32_t datasz,
+			  void *data)
 {
-  const ElfW(Nhdr) *note = (const void *) (ph->p_vaddr + l->l_addr);
-  _dl_process_cet_property_note (l, note, ph->p_memsz, ph->p_align);
   return 0;
 }