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[v2,7/8] Add Rust documentation

Message ID 1461789279-15996-8-git-send-email-tom@tromey.com
State New
Headers show

Commit Message

Tom Tromey April 27, 2016, 8:34 p.m. UTC
This patch adds documentation for the new Rust support in gdb.

2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>

	* NEWS: Add Rust item.

2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>

	* gdb.texinfo (Supported Languages): Mention Rust.  Update menu.
	(Rust): New node.
 gdb/ChangeLog       |  4 +++
 gdb/NEWS            |  5 +++
 gdb/doc/ChangeLog   |  5 +++
 gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo | 96 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 4 files changed, 109 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)


Eli Zaretskii April 28, 2016, 4:58 a.m. UTC | #1
> From: Tom Tromey <tom@tromey.com>
> Cc: Tom Tromey <tom@tromey.com>
> Date: Wed, 27 Apr 2016 14:34:38 -0600
> This patch adds documentation for the new Rust support in gdb.

Thanks, this is OK.
diff mbox


diff --git a/gdb/ChangeLog b/gdb/ChangeLog
index 762f9ad..c26978a 100644
--- a/gdb/ChangeLog
+++ b/gdb/ChangeLog
@@ -1,4 +1,8 @@ 
 2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>
+	* NEWS: Add Rust item.
+2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>
 	    Manish Goregaokar <manishsmail@gmail.com>
 	* symtab.c (symbol_find_demangled_name): Handle Rust.
diff --git a/gdb/NEWS b/gdb/NEWS
index 77dfc0c..3e8e7a1 100644
--- a/gdb/NEWS
+++ b/gdb/NEWS
@@ -27,6 +27,11 @@ 
    Bounds: [lower = 0x7fffffffc390, upper = 0x7fffffffc3a3]
    0x0000000000400d7c in upper () at i386-mpx-sigsegv.c:68
+* Rust language support.
+  GDB now supports debugging programs written in the Rust programming
+  language.  See https://www.rust-lang.org/ for more information about
+  Rust.
 * New commands
 skip -file file
diff --git a/gdb/doc/ChangeLog b/gdb/doc/ChangeLog
index 748a8e2..1803d3e 100644
--- a/gdb/doc/ChangeLog
+++ b/gdb/doc/ChangeLog
@@ -1,5 +1,10 @@ 
 2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>
+	* gdb.texinfo (Supported Languages): Mention Rust.  Update menu.
+	(Rust): New node.
+2016-04-26  Tom Tromey  <tom@tromey.com>
 	* gdb.texinfo (Maintenance Commands): Document "maint selftest".
 2016-04-13  Antoine Tremblay  <antoine.tremblay@ericsson.com>
diff --git a/gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo b/gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo
index f42c5f0..044beab 100644
--- a/gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo
+++ b/gdb/doc/gdb.texinfo
@@ -14398,7 +14398,7 @@  being set automatically by @value{GDBN}.
 @section Supported Languages
 @value{GDBN} supports C, C@t{++}, D, Go, Objective-C, Fortran, Java,
-OpenCL C, Pascal, assembly, Modula-2, and Ada.
+OpenCL C, Pascal, Rust, assembly, Modula-2, and Ada.
 @c This is false ...
 Some @value{GDBN} features may be used in expressions regardless of the
 language you use: the @value{GDBN} @code{@@} and @code{::} operators,
@@ -14422,6 +14422,7 @@  language reference or tutorial.
 * OpenCL C::                    OpenCL C
 * Fortran::                     Fortran
 * Pascal::                      Pascal
+* Rust::                        Rust
 * Modula-2::                    Modula-2
 * Ada::                         Ada
 @end menu
@@ -15227,6 +15228,99 @@  The Pascal-specific command @code{set print pascal_static-members}
 controls whether static members of Pascal objects are displayed.
 @xref{Print Settings, pascal_static-members}.
+@node Rust
+@subsection Rust
+@value{GDBN} supports the @url{https://www.rust-lang.org/, Rust
+Programming Language}.  Type- and value-printing, and expression
+parsing, are reasonably complete.  However, there are a few
+peculiarities and holes to be aware of.
+@itemize @bullet
+Linespecs (@pxref{Specify Location}) are never relative to the current
+crate.  Instead, they act as if there were a global namespace of
+crates, somewhat similar to the way @code{extern crate} behaves.
+That is, if @value{GDBN} is stopped at a breakpoint in a function in
+crate @samp{A}, module @samp{B}, then @code{break B::f} will attempt
+to set a breakpoint in a function named @samp{f} in a crate named
+As a consequence of this approach, linespecs also cannot refer to
+items using @samp{self::} or @samp{super::}.
+Because @value{GDBN} implements Rust name-lookup semantics in
+expressions, it will sometimes prepend the current crate to a name.
+For example, if @value{GDBN} is stopped at a breakpoint in the crate
+@samp{K}, then @code{print ::x::y} will try to find the symbol
+However, since it is useful to be able to refer to other crates when
+debugging, @value{GDBN} provides the @code{extern} extension to
+circumvent this.  To use the extension, just put @code{extern} before
+a path expression to refer to the otherwise unavailable ``global''
+In the above example, if you wanted to refer to the symbol @samp{y} in
+the crate @samp{x}, you would use @code{print extern x::y}.
+The Rust expression evaluator does not support ``statement-like''
+expressions such as @code{if} or @code{match}, or lambda expressions.
+Tuple expressions are not implemented.
+The Rust expression evaluator does not currently implement the
+@code{Drop} trait.  Objects that may be created by the evaluator will
+never be destroyed.
+@value{GDBN} does not implement type inference for generics.  In order
+to call generic functions or otherwise refer to generic items, you
+will have to specify the type parameters manually.
+@value{GDBN} currently uses the C@t{++} demangler for Rust.  In most
+cases this does not cause any problems.  However, in an expression
+context, completing a generic function name will give syntactically
+invalid results.  This happens because Rust requires the @samp{::}
+operator between the function name and its generic arguments.  For
+example, @value{GDBN} might provide a completion like
+@code{crate::f<u32>}, where the parser would require
+As of this writing, the Rust compiler (version 1.8) has a few holes in
+the debugging information it generates.  These holes prevent certain
+features from being implemented by @value{GDBN}:
+@itemize @bullet
+Method calls cannot be made via traits.
+Trait objects cannot be created or inspected.
+Operator overloading is not implemented.
+When debugging in a monomorphized function, you cannot use the generic
+type names.
+The type @code{Self} is not available.
+@code{use} statements are not available, so some names may not be
+available in the crate.
+@end itemize
+@end itemize
 @node Modula-2
 @subsection Modula-2