Patchwork [v5,7/9] sim/erc32: Updated documentation.

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Submitter Jiri Gaisler
Date April 3, 2015, 8:35 p.m.
Message ID <1428093356-7296-8-git-send-email-jiri@gaisler.se>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/6006/
State Changes Requested
Delegated to: Mike Frysinger
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Comments

Jiri Gaisler - April 3, 2015, 8:35 p.m.
Cleaned up documentation. Obsolote README files were removed,
	main documentation on operation is now in READMEM.sis.

	* NEWS: Removed.
	* README.gdb: Removed.
	* README.leon2: New file documenting emulated leon2 functions.
	* README.sis: Updated.
	* startsim: Removed.
---
 sim/erc32/NEWS         | 108 ---------------------------
 sim/erc32/README.gdb   |  67 -----------------
 sim/erc32/README.leon2 |  53 ++++++++++++++
 sim/erc32/README.sis   | 193 ++++++++++++++++---------------------------------
 sim/erc32/startsim     |   4 -
 5 files changed, 117 insertions(+), 308 deletions(-)
 delete mode 100644 sim/erc32/NEWS
 delete mode 100644 sim/erc32/README.gdb
 create mode 100644 sim/erc32/README.leon2
 delete mode 100644 sim/erc32/startsim

Patch

diff --git a/sim/erc32/NEWS b/sim/erc32/NEWS
deleted file mode 100644
index dd24b7b..0000000
--- a/sim/erc32/NEWS
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,108 +0,0 @@ 
-
-version 2.0 05-02-96
---------------------
-
-* Switched to bfd library. Any supported format (elf, coff, ...) can be used.
-* The UART devices can be set through -uart1 and -uart2 switches.
-* Switched to GNU readline.
-* Added -c option to run batch files at startup
-* 'reg' command can show different register windows (eg 'reg w3').
-* Use 'help' for online help on simulator commands
-
-version 1.8.1 20-01-96
---------------------
-
-* added -mevrev0 switch to simulate MEC rev.0 bugs in timer and uart
-
-* added -iurev0 switch to simulate IU rev.0 jmpl/restore bug
-
-* Added sis command 'batch' to run batch files
-
-
-version 1.8 30-10-95
---------------------
-
-* Added s-record support. Use the '-s' switch with sis or the 'load' command.
-
-* IU load dependencies are now modelled
-
-version 1.7 30-10-95
---------------------
-
-* Power-down mode implemented in erc32.c.
-  
-* Performance display shows the ratio between simulator-time and real-time.
-
-
-version 1.6.2 25-10-95
---------------------
-
-* The UARTs can now be run at a given speed (simulator time) to better
-  simulate the behaviour of interrupt routines. The "true mode" is
-  selected through a compile switch in the makefile.
-
-
-version 1.6 28-09-95
---------------------
-
-* Major reorganisation of the code. mec.c and mem.c merged into erc32.c.
-
-* The load command does NOT longer load the initialised data at an address
-  defined by .bdata. This is done in srt0.s using _environ.
-
-* Additional MEC functionallity added - software reset, memory access
-  protection and waitstate configuration register.
-
-* interf.c - a GDB interface added
-
-* -v switch (verbose) added
-
-version 1.5 14-09-95
---------------------
-
-* Added a instruction trace buffer, enabled through the 'hist' command.
-
-* Added a 'perf' command to display statistics such as instruction mix,
-  CPI, FPU holds etc.
-
-* Added -nfp switch to disable FPU.
-
-* Added -freq switch to set simulated frequency.
-
-version 1.4 22-08-95
---------------------
-
-* A -g is provided for those who have problems with GNU readline(). 
-
-version 1.3 26-07-95
---------------------
-
-* No major news, just a bug fix release ...
-
-
-version 1.2 13-07-95
---------------------
-
-* Added setting of IU registers through the 'reg' command. See README.
-
-* The GNU readline() function is used for command input. However, a
-ctrl-D still kills the simulator ...
-
-
-version 1.1 07-07-95
---------------------
-
-
-* Added a 'go' command
-
-* Added cycle counting for interrupt overhead.
-
-* Function 'get_mem_ptr' takes one more parameter to avoid segmentation 
-   faults if a.out files are loaded outside the simulated memory. See README.
-
-* Added user-defined function sim_stop().
-
-* Added a reset command. See README.
-
-* Implemented buffered output for MEC uarts to improve output speed.
-
diff --git a/sim/erc32/README.gdb b/sim/erc32/README.gdb
deleted file mode 100644
index 619fcb3..0000000
--- a/sim/erc32/README.gdb
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,67 +0,0 @@ 
-How to use SIS with GDB
------------------------
-
-1. Building GDB with SIS
-
-To build GDB with the SIS/ERC32 simulator, configure with option
-'--target sparc-erc32-aout' and build as usual.
-
-2. Attaching the simulator
-
-To attach GDB to the simulator, use:
-
-target sim [options] [files]
-
-The following options are supported:
-
- -nfp		Disable FPU. FPops will cause an FPU disabled trap.
-
- -freq <f>	Set the simulated "system clock" to <f> MHz.
-
- -v		Verbose mode.
-
- -nogdb		Disable GDB breakpoint handling (see below)
-
-The listed [files] are expected to be in aout format and will be
-loaded in the simulator memory prior. This could be used to load
-a boot block at address 0x0 if the application is linked to run
-from RAM (0x2000000).
-
-To start debugging a program type 'load <program>' and debug as
-usual. 
-
-The native simulator commands can be reached using the GDB 'sim'
-command:
-
-sim <sis_command>
-
-Direct simulator commands during a GDB session must be issued
-with care not to disturb GDB's operation ... 
-
-For info on supported ERC32 functionality, see README.sis.
-
-
-3. Loading aout files
-
-The GDB load command loads an aout file into the simulator
-memory with the data section starting directly after the text
-section regardless of wich start address was specified for the data
-at link time! This means that your applications either has to include
-a routine that initialise the data segment at the proper address or
-link with the data placed directly after the text section.
-
-A copying routine is fairly simple, just copy all data between
-_etext and _data to a memory loaction starting at _environ. This
-should be done at the same time as the bss is cleared (in srt0.s).
-
-
-4. GDB breakpoint handling
-
-GDB inserts breakpoint in the form of the 'ta 1' instruction. The
-GDB-integrated simulator will therefore recognize the breakpoint
-instruction and return control to GDB. If the application uses
-'ta 1', the breakpoint detection can be disabled with the -nogdb
-switch. In this case however, GDB breakpoints will not work.
-
-
-Report problems to Jiri Gaisler ESA/ESTEC (jgais@wd.estec.esa.nl)
diff --git a/sim/erc32/README.leon2 b/sim/erc32/README.leon2
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..19f2fbb
--- /dev/null
+++ b/sim/erc32/README.leon2
@@ -0,0 +1,53 @@ 
+
+1. LEON2 emulation
+
+The file 'leon2.c' contains a model of simple LEON2 sub-system. It
+contains 16 Mbyte ROM and 16 Mbyte RAM. Standard peripherals
+such as interrupt controller, UART and timer are provided.
+The model can execute leon2 binaries that do not require an
+MMU.
+
+To start sis in Leon2 mode, add the -leon2 switch. In gdb,
+use 'target sim -leon2' .
+
+1.1 UART
+
+One LEON2 UART is emaulted, and is located at address 0x80000070.
+The following registers are implemeted:
+
+- UART RX and TX register	(0x80000070)
+- UART status register		(0x80000074)
+
+The UART generates interrupt 3.
+
+1.2 Timer unit
+
+The LEON2 timer unit is emulated and located at address 0x80000040.
+It is configured with two timers and separate interrupts (8 and 9).
+The scaler is configured to 16 bits, while the counters are 32 bits.
+
+1.3 Interrupt controller
+
+The interrupt controller is implemented as described in the
+LEON2 IP manual, with the exception of the interrupt level register.
+Secondary interrupts are not supported. The registers are located
+at address 0x80000090.
+
+1.5 Memory interface
+
+The following memory areas are valid for the Leon3 simulator:
+
+0x00000000 - 0x01000000		ROM (16 Mbyte, loaded at start-up)
+0x40000000 - 0x41000000		RAM (16 Mbyte, loaded at start-up)
+0x80000000 - 0x81000000		APB bus, including plug&play
+0xFFFFF000 - 0xFFFFFFFF		AHB plug&play area
+
+Access to non-existing memory will result in a memory exception trap.
+
+1.8 Power-down mode
+
+The Leon2 power-down register (0x80000018) is supported. When power-down is
+entered, time is skipped forward until the next event in the event queue.
+However, if the simulator event queue is empty, power-down mode is not
+entered since no interrupt would be generated to exit from the mode. A
+Ctrl-C in the simulator window will exit the power-down mode.
diff --git a/sim/erc32/README.sis b/sim/erc32/README.sis
index 124e577..27e6ede 100644
--- a/sim/erc32/README.sis
+++ b/sim/erc32/README.sis
@@ -11,13 +11,14 @@  and peripherals.
 
 2. Usage
 
-The simulator is started as follows: 
+The simulator is started as follows:
 
-sis [-leon3] [-uart1 uart_device1] [-uart2 uart_device2]
-    [-nfp] [-freq frequency] [-c batch_file] [files] 
+sis [-leon2] [-leon3] [-uart1 uart_device1] [-uart2 uart_device2]
+    [-nfp] [-freq frequency] [-c batch_file] [-v] [files]
 
-By default, SIS emulates an ERC32 system. The -leon3 switch
-enables emulation of a LEON3 SOC system.
+By default, SIS emulates an ERC32 system. The -leon2 switch enables
+LEON2 emulation, while the -leon3 switch enables emulation of a
+LEON3 SOC system.
 
 The emulated console uart is connected to stdin/stdout. The -uart[1,2]
 switch can be used to connect the uarts to other devices.
@@ -143,8 +144,50 @@  Typing a 'Ctrl-C' will interrupt a running simulator.
 Short forms of the commands are allowed, e.g 'c' 'co' or 'con' are all
 interpreted as 'cont'. 
 
+2. Using SIS with GDB
 
-3. Simulator core
+To attach GDB to the simulator, use:
+
+target sim [options]
+
+The following options are supported:
+
+ -leon2         Emulate a LEON2 system
+
+ -leon3         Emulate a LEON3 system
+
+ -nfp           Disable FPU. FPops will cause an FPU disabled trap.
+
+ -freq <f>      Set the simulated "system clock" to <f> MHz.
+
+ -v             Verbose mode.
+
+ -nogdb         Disable GDB breakpoint handling (see below)
+
+To start debugging a program type 'load <program>' and debug as
+usual.
+
+The native simulator commands can be reached using the GDB 'sim'
+command:
+
+sim <sis_command>
+
+Direct simulator commands during a GDB session must be issued
+with care not to disturb GDB's operation ...
+
+A program can be restarted in GDB by first issuing the load command,
+followed by run.
+
+3. GDB breakpoint handling
+
+GDB inserts breakpoint in the form of the 'ta 1' instruction. The
+GDB-integrated simulator will therefore recognize the breakpoint
+instruction and return control to GDB. If the application uses
+'ta 1', the breakpoint detection can be disabled with the -nogdb
+switch. In this case however, GDB breakpoints will not work.
+
+
+4. Simulator core
 
 In ERC32 mode, SIS emulates the behavior of the 90C601E and 90C602E
 sparc IU and FPU from Matra MHS. These are roughly equivalent to the
@@ -153,129 +196,10 @@  maintained and incremented according the IU and FPU instruction timing.
 The parallel execution between the IU and FPU is modelled, as well as
 stalls due to operand dependencies (FPU).
 
-In Leon3 mode, the core emulates the Leon3 SPARC V8 core from
+In Leon2/3 mode, the core emulates the Leon2/3 SPARC V8 core from
 Gaisler Research. All SPARC V8 instructions are supported but
 emulation is not fully cycle-true as the cache is not emulated.
 
-The core interacts with the user-defined memory modules through
-a number of functions. The memory module must provide the following
-functions:
-
-int memory_read(asi,addr,data,ws)
-int asi;
-unsigned int addr;
-unsigned int *data;
-int *ws;
-
-int memory_write(asi,addr,data,sz,ws)
-int asi;
-unsigned int addr;
-unsigned int *data;
-int sz;
-int *ws;
-
-int sis_memory_read(addr, data, length)
-unsigned int addr;
-char   *data;
-unsigned int length;
-
-int sis_memory_write(addr, data, length)
-unsigned int addr;
-char    *data;
-unsigned int length;
-
-int init_sim()
-
-int reset()
-
-int error_mode(pc)
-unsigned int pc;
-
-memory_read() is used by the simulator to fetch instructions and
-operands.  The address space identifier (asi) and address is passed as
-parameters. The read data should be assigned to the data pointer
-(*data) and the number of waitstate to *ws. 'memory_read' should return
-0 on success and 1 on failure. A failure will cause a data or
-instruction fetch trap. memory_read() always reads one 32-bit word.
-
-sis_memory_read() is used by the simulator to display and disassemble
-memory contants. The function should copy 'length' bytes of the simulated
-memory starting at 'addr' to '*data'.
-The sis_memory_read() should return 1 on success and 0 on failure.
-Failure should only be indicated if access to unimplemented memory is attempted.
-
-memory_write() is used to write to memory. In addition to the asi
-and address parameters, the size of the written data is given by 'sz'.
-The pointer *data points to the data to be written. The 'sz' is coded
-as follows:
-
-  sz	access type
-  0	  byte
-  1	  halfword
-  2	  word
-  3	  double-word
-
-If a double word is written, the most significant word is in data[0] and
-the least significant in data[1].
-
-sis_memory_write() is used by the simulator during loading of programs.
-The function should copy 'length' bytes from *data to the simulated
-memory starting at 'addr'. sis_memory_write() should return 1 on 
-success and 0 on failure. Failure should only be indicated if access 
-to unimplemented memory is attempted. See erc32.c for more details 
-on how to define the memory emulation functions.
-
-The 'init_sim' is called once when the simulator is started. This function
-should be used to perform initialisations of user defined memory or 
-peripherals that only have to be done once, such as opening files etc.
-
-The 'reset' is called every time the simulator is reset, i.e. when a
-'run' command is given. This function should be used to simulate a power
-on reset of memory and peripherals.
-
-error_mode() is called by the simulator when the IU goes into error mode,
-typically if a trap is caused when traps are disabled. The memory module
-can then take actions, such as issue a reset.
-
-sys_reset() can be called by the memory module to reset the simulator. A
-reset will empty the event queue and perform a power-on reset.
-
-4. Events and interrupts
-
-The simulator supports an event queue and the generation of processor
-interrupts. The following functions are available to the user-defined
-memory module:
-
-event(cfunc,arg,delta)
-void (*cfunc)();
-int arg;
-unsigned int delta;
-
-set_int(level,callback,arg)
-int level;
-void (*callback)();
-int arg;
-
-clear_int(level)
-int level;
-
-sim_stop()
-
-The 'event' functions will schedule the execution of the function 'cfunc'
-at time 'now + delta' clock cycles. The parameter 'arg' is passed as a 
-parameter to 'cfunc'.
-
-The 'set_int' function set the processor interrupt 'level'. When the interrupt
-is taken, the function 'callback' is called with the argument 'arg'. This
-will also clear the interrupt. An interrupt can be cleared before it is
-taken by calling 'clear_int' with the appropriate interrupt level.
-
-The sim_stop function is called each time the simulator stops execution.
-It can be used to flush buffered devices to get a clean state during
-single stepping etc.
-
-See 'erc32.c' for examples on how to use events and interrupts.
-
 5. Memory module
 
 The ERC32 memory module (erc32.c) emulates the functions of memory and
@@ -292,6 +216,19 @@  the MEC asic developed for the 90C601/2. It includes the following functions:
 
 See README.erc32 on how the MEC functions are emulated.
 
+The Leon2 memory module (leon2.c) emulates on-chip peripherals and
+external memory for a simple Leon2 system. The modules includes the
+following functions:
+
+* AHB and APB buses
+* One UART
+* Interrupt controller
+* Timer unit with two timers
+* PROM/SRAM memory controller
+* 16 Mbyte PROM, 16 Mbyte SRAM
+
+See README.leon2 for further details on Leon2 emulation.
+
 The Leon3 memory module (leon3.c) emulates on-chip peripherals and
 external memory for a simple Leon3 system. The modules includes the
 following functions:
@@ -305,9 +242,7 @@  following functions:
 
 See README.leon3 for further details on Leon3 emulation.
 
-6. Compile and linking programs
-
-7. IU and FPU instruction timing.
+6. IU and FPU instruction timing.
 
 The simulator provides cycle true simulation for ERC32. The following table
 shows the emulated instruction timing for 90C601E & 90C602E:
diff --git a/sim/erc32/startsim b/sim/erc32/startsim
deleted file mode 100644
index 1b9b41c..0000000
--- a/sim/erc32/startsim
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,4 +0,0 @@ 
-#
-xterm -e sis $* &
-xterm -e tip /dev/ttypc &
-