Patchwork gdb: Don't skip prologue for explicit line breakpoints in assembler

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Submitter Andrew Burgess
Date June 12, 2019, 12:34 p.m.
Message ID <20190612123403.14348-1-andrew.burgess@embecosm.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/33092/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Andrew Burgess - June 12, 2019, 12:34 p.m.
It was observed that in some cases, placing a breakpoint in an
assembler file using filename:line-number syntax would result in the
breakpoint being placed at a different line within the file.

For example, consider this x86-64 assembler:

    test:
            push   %rbp		/* Break here.  */
            mov    %rsp, %rbp
            nop			/* Stops here.  */

The user places the breakpoint using file:line notation targeting the
line marked 'Break here', GDB actually stops at the line marked 'Stops
here'.

The reason is that the label 'test' is identified as the likely start
of a function, and the call to symtab.c:skip_prologue_sal causes GDB
to skip forward over the instructions that GDB believes to be part of
the prologue.

I believe however, that when debugging assembler code, where the user
has instruction-by-instruction visibility, if they ask for a specific
line, GDB should (as far as possible) stop on that line, and not
perform any prologue skipping.  I don't believe that the behaviour of
higher level languages should change, in these cases skipping the
prologue seems like the correct thing to do.

In order to implement this change I needed to extend our current
tracking of when the user has requested an explicit line number.  We
already tracked this in some cases, but not in others (see the changes
in linespec.c).  However, once I did this I started to see some
additional failures (in tests gdb.base/break-include.exp
gdb.base/ending-run.exp gdb.mi/mi-break.exp gdb.mi/mi-reverse.exp
gdb.mi/mi-simplerun.exp) where we currently expected a breakpoint
placed at one file and line number to be updated to reference a
different line number, this was fixed by removing some code in
symtab.c:skip_prologue_sal.  My concern here is that removing this
check didn't cause anything else to fail.

I have a new test that covers my original case, this is written for
x86-64 as most folk have access to such a target, however, any
architecture that has a prologue scanner can be impacted by this
change.

gdb/ChangeLog:

	* linespec.c (decode_digits_list_mode): Set explicit_line to a
	bool value.
	(decode_digits_ordinary): Set explicit_line field in sal.
	* symtab.c (skip_prologue_sal): Don't skip prologue for a
	symtab_and_line that was set on an explicit line number in
	assembler code.  Do always update the recorded symtab and line if
	we do skip the prologue.

gdb/testsuite/ChangeLog:

	* gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S: New file.
	* gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp: New file.
---
 gdb/ChangeLog                                      | 10 +++++++
 gdb/linespec.c                                     |  3 +-
 gdb/symtab.c                                       | 15 ++++++----
 gdb/testsuite/ChangeLog                            |  5 ++++
 gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S   | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp | 35 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 96 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S
 create mode 100644 gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp

Patch

diff --git a/gdb/linespec.c b/gdb/linespec.c
index 94400f3f336..1d8d2ca3273 100644
--- a/gdb/linespec.c
+++ b/gdb/linespec.c
@@ -4102,7 +4102,7 @@  decode_digits_list_mode (struct linespec_state *self,
 	val.symtab = elt;
       val.pspace = SYMTAB_PSPACE (elt);
       val.pc = 0;
-      val.explicit_line = 1;
+      val.explicit_line = true;
 
       add_sal_to_sals (self, &values, &val, NULL, 0);
     }
@@ -4136,6 +4136,7 @@  decode_digits_ordinary (struct linespec_state *self,
 	  sal.pspace = SYMTAB_PSPACE (elt);
 	  sal.symtab = elt;
 	  sal.line = line;
+	  sal.explicit_line = true;
 	  sal.pc = pc;
 	  sals.push_back (std::move (sal));
 	}
diff --git a/gdb/symtab.c b/gdb/symtab.c
index 4920d94a247..c10e6b3e358 100644
--- a/gdb/symtab.c
+++ b/gdb/symtab.c
@@ -3693,6 +3693,15 @@  skip_prologue_sal (struct symtab_and_line *sal)
   if (sal->explicit_pc)
     return;
 
+  /* In assembly code, if the user asks for a specific line then we should
+     not adjust the SAL.  The user already has instruction level
+     visibility in this case, so selecting a line other than one requested
+     is likely to be the wrong choice.  */
+  if (sal->symtab != nullptr
+      && sal->explicit_line
+      && SYMTAB_LANGUAGE (sal->symtab) == language_asm)
+    return;
+
   scoped_restore_current_pspace_and_thread restore_pspace_thread;
 
   switch_to_program_space_and_thread (sal->pspace);
@@ -3812,12 +3821,6 @@  skip_prologue_sal (struct symtab_and_line *sal)
 
   sal->pc = pc;
   sal->section = section;
-
-  /* Unless the explicit_line flag was set, update the SAL line
-     and symtab to correspond to the modified PC location.  */
-  if (sal->explicit_line)
-    return;
-
   sal->symtab = start_sal.symtab;
   sal->line = start_sal.line;
   sal->end = start_sal.end;
diff --git a/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..698c3e6d624
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.S
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@ 
+/* Copyright 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
+   (at your option) any later version.
+
+   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+   GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+   This file is part of the gdb testsuite.
+
+   Test that a breakpoint place by line number in an assembler file
+   will stop at the specified line.  Previously versions of GDB have
+   incorrectly invoked the prologue analysis logic and skipped
+   forward.  */
+
+        .text
+        .global main
+main:
+        nop
+test:
+        /* The next two instructions are required to look like an
+	   x86-64 prologue so that GDB's prologue scanner will spot
+           them and skip forward.  */
+        push    %rbp		/* Break here.  */
+        mov	%rsp, %rbp
+        nop			/* Incorrect.  */
+        nop
+        nop
diff --git a/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6218ce541bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gdb/testsuite/gdb.arch/amd64-break-on-asm-line.exp
@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@ 
+# Copyright 2019 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+# This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+# the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
+# (at your option) any later version.
+#
+# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+# GNU General Public License for more details.
+#
+# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+# along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+
+if { ![istarget x86_64-*-* ] || ![is_lp64_target] } {
+    return
+}
+
+standard_testfile .S
+
+if { [prepare_for_testing "failed to prepare" ${testfile} ${srcfile} \
+	  { debug }] } {
+    untested "could not compile"
+    return -1
+}
+
+if ![runto_main] {
+    untested "could not run to main"
+    return -1
+}
+
+gdb_breakpoint [gdb_get_line_number "Break here"]
+gdb_continue_to_breakpoint "Break on specified line" \
+    ".*/\\* Break here\\.  \\*/.*"