Patchwork [v4] Improve DST handling (Bug 23102, Bug 21942, Bug 18018, Bug, 23259, CVE-2011-0536 ).

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Submitter Carlos O'Donell
Date June 12, 2018, 3:46 a.m.
Message ID <4c71528d-7758-2d01-4f17-6897451fa499@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/27745/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Carlos O'Donell - June 12, 2018, 3:46 a.m.
On 06/08/2018 01:45 AM, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
> On 06/06/2018 04:18 PM, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
>> On 06/06/2018 12:10 PM, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
>>> On 06/06/2018 01:02 AM, Carlos O'Donell wrote:
>>>> This commit improves DST handling significantly in the following
>>>
>>> v2
>>>
>>> - Fix is_dst() by adding back string comparison, and clarify comment.
>>>   Added extra test testcases (49 now) to cover this error.
>>> - Renamed parameters as 'input' for data from ELF file, and 'ref' as
>>>   reference DST to compare against.
>>> - Removed dead update to name in is_dst().
>>> - Killed DL_DST_COUNT, not needed really, and a weak optimization.
>>> - Did not remove len from _dl_dst_count because we use it to advance
>>>   input more quickly to the next DST.
>>>
>>
>> v3
>> - Use memcmp in is_dst().
>> - In _dl_dst_substitute use 'len != 0' conditional to clarify that
>>   all we are looking to do is distinguish between a valid DST
>>   for which we don't recognize the DST, and an invalid DST which
>>   may just be stray characters which we will copy to the result.
>> - Added a few more tests: Small invalid sequence e.g. ${}, and
>>   large valid sequence with unknown DST.
>>
> 
> v4
> - Remove ":" logic from _dl_dst_substitute, and rewrite exception
>   logic without the double negative, and in general cleanup the
>   function to make it clear we accept only single path elements
>   for processing.
> - Cleanup comments regarding RESULT size and what is required.
> - Adjust is_dst() comment to note that $ is not counted in length
>   returned.
> - Fix _dl_dst_substitute exception logic to check for NULL separator
>   between non-first path since fillin_rpath and other callers will
>   use strsep to split colon separated path elements. This fixes
>   the case tested by test 19.
>

v5
- Remove ":" logic from is_trusted_path_normalize(), we don't need
  to process any colons because we only get single paths from 
  _dl_dst_substitute.
- Remove 'start' argument from all API interfaces since we don't
  handle colon-separated path lists in _dl_dst_substitute, we can
  just simply record the start of the input for the appropriate
  SUID/SGID check to see if $ORIGIN is at the start of the input
  (Florian Weimer's suggested simplification).
- Remove all instances of the comment "path element" and instead
  use the more appropriate "path" or "path list" (colon separated
  path list).
- Passes all 67 tests. Attached as swbz23259-v5.tar.gz.

This commit improves DST handling significantly in the following
ways: firstly is_dst () is overhauled to correctly process DST
sequences that would be accepted given the ELF gABI. This means that
we actually now accept slightly more sequences than before.  Now we
accept $ORIGIN$ORIGIN, but in the past we accepted only $ORIGIN\0 or
$ORIGIN/..., but this kind of behaviour results in unexpected
and uninterpreted DST sequences being used as literal search paths
leading to security defects. Therefore the first step in correcting
this defect is making is_dst () properly account for all DSTs
and making the function context free in the sense that it counts
DSTs without knowledge of path, or AT_SECURE. Next, _dl_dst_count ()
is also simplified to count all DSTs regardless of context.
Then in _dl_dst_substitute () we reintroduce context-dependent
processing for such things as AT_SECURE handling. At the level of
_dl_dst_substitute we can have access to things like the true start
of the string sequence to validate $ORIGIN-based paths rooted in
trusted directories.  Lastly, callers of _dl_dst_substitute () are
adjusted to pass in the start of their string sequences, this includes
expand_dynamic_string_token () and fillin_rpath (). Lastly, after this
commit we tighten up the accepted sequences in AT_SECURE, and avoid
leaving unexpanded DSTs, this is noted in the NEWS entry.

Verified with a sequence of 67 tests on x86_64 that cover
non-AT_SECURE and AT_SECURE testing using a sysroot (requires root
to run). The tests cover cases for bug 23102, bug 21942, bug 18018,
and bug 23259. These tests are not yet appropriate for the glibc
regression testsuite, but with the upcoming test-in-container testing
framework it should be possible to include these tests upstream soon.

See the mailing list for the tests:
https://www.sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2018-06/msg00073.html
---
 ChangeLog     |  18 +++++
 NEWS          |  11 +++
 elf/dl-deps.c |   2 +-
 elf/dl-dst.h  |  13 ----
 elf/dl-load.c | 217 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------------------
 5 files changed, 173 insertions(+), 88 deletions(-)

Patch

diff --git a/ChangeLog b/ChangeLog
index a3bc2bf31e..cc7620e35a 100644
--- a/ChangeLog
+++ b/ChangeLog
@@ -1,3 +1,21 @@ 
+2018-06-06  Carlos O'Donell  <carlos@redhat.com>
+	    Andreas Schwab  <schwab@suse.de>
+	    Dmitry V. Levin  <ldv@altlinux.org>
+
+	[BZ #23102]
+	[BZ #21942]
+	[BZ #18018]
+	[BZ #23259]
+	CVE-2011-0536
+	* elf/dl-dst.h: Remove DL_DST_COUNT.
+	* elf/dl-deps.c (expand_dst): Call _dl_dst_count.
+	* elf/dl-load.c (is_trusted_path_normalize): Don't handle colons.
+	(is_dst): Comment.  Support ELF gABI.
+	(_dl_dst_count): Comment.  Simplify and count DSTs.
+	(_dl_dst_substitute): Comment.  Support __libc_enable_secure handling.
+	(expand_dybamic_string_token): Comment. Call _dl_dst_count. Rename
+	locals.
+
 2018-06-05  Joseph Myers  <joseph@codesourcery.com>
 
 	* sysdeps/unix/sysv/linux/aarch64/bits/hwcap.h (HWCAP_DIT): New
diff --git a/NEWS b/NEWS
index e2a6f45121..de6577c4b6 100644
--- a/NEWS
+++ b/NEWS
@@ -41,6 +41,17 @@  Major new features:
   NI_IDN_ALLOW_UNASSIGNED, NI_IDN_USE_STD3_ASCII_RULES) have been
   deprecated.  They no longer have any effect.
 
+* Parsing of dynamic string tokens in DT_RPATH, DT_RUNPATH, DT_NEEDED,
+  DT_AUXILIARY, and DT_FILTER has been expanded to support the full
+  range of ELF gABI expressions including such constructs as
+  '$ORIGIN$ORIGIN' (if valid).  For SUID/GUID applications the rules
+  have been further restricted, and where in the past a dynamic string
+  token sequence may have been interpreted as a literal string it will
+  now cause a load failure.  These load failures were always considered
+  unspecified behaviour from the perspective of the dynamic loader, and
+  for safety are now load errors e.g. /foo/${ORIGIN}.so in DT_NEEDED
+  results in a load failure now.
+
 Deprecated and removed features, and other changes affecting compatibility:
 
 * The nonstandard header files <libio.h> and <_G_config.h> are no longer
diff --git a/elf/dl-deps.c b/elf/dl-deps.c
index c975fcffd7..20b8e94f2e 100644
--- a/elf/dl-deps.c
+++ b/elf/dl-deps.c
@@ -100,7 +100,7 @@  struct list
   ({									      \
     const char *__str = (str);						      \
     const char *__result = __str;					      \
-    size_t __dst_cnt = DL_DST_COUNT (__str);				      \
+    size_t __dst_cnt = _dl_dst_count (__str);				      \
 									      \
     if (__dst_cnt != 0)							      \
       {									      \
diff --git a/elf/dl-dst.h b/elf/dl-dst.h
index 32de5d225a..859032be0d 100644
--- a/elf/dl-dst.h
+++ b/elf/dl-dst.h
@@ -18,19 +18,6 @@ 
 
 #include "trusted-dirs.h"
 
-/* Determine the number of DST elements in the name.  Only if IS_PATH is
-   nonzero paths are recognized (i.e., multiple, ':' separated filenames).  */
-#define DL_DST_COUNT(name) \
-  ({									      \
-    size_t __cnt = 0;							      \
-    const char *__sf = strchr (name, '$');				      \
-									      \
-    if (__glibc_unlikely (__sf != NULL))				      \
-      __cnt = _dl_dst_count (__sf);					      \
-									      \
-    __cnt; })
-
-
 #ifdef SHARED
 # define IS_RTLD(l) (l) == &GL(dl_rtld_map)
 #else
diff --git a/elf/dl-load.c b/elf/dl-load.c
index 431236920f..e99701d10f 100644
--- a/elf/dl-load.c
+++ b/elf/dl-load.c
@@ -121,12 +121,6 @@  is_trusted_path_normalize (const char *path, size_t len)
   if (len == 0)
     return false;
 
-  if (*path == ':')
-    {
-      ++path;
-      --len;
-    }
-
   char *npath = (char *) alloca (len + 2);
   char *wnp = npath;
   while (*path != '\0')
@@ -177,114 +171,179 @@  is_trusted_path_normalize (const char *path, size_t len)
   return false;
 }
 
+/* Given a substring starting at INPUT, just after the DST '$' start
+   token, determine if INPUT contains DST token REF, following the
+   ELF gABI rules for DSTs:
+
+   * Longest possible sequence using the rules (greedy).
+
+   * Must start with a $ (enforced by caller).
+
+   * Must follow $ with one underscore or ASCII [A-Za-z] (caller
+     follows these rules for REF and we enforce the comparison)
+     or '{' (start curly quoted name).
+
+   * Must follow first two characters with zero or more [A-Za-z0-9_]
+     (enforced by caller) or '}' (end curly quoted name).
 
+   If the sequence is a DST matching REF then the length of the DST
+   (excluding the $ sign but including curly braces, if any) is
+   returned, otherwise 0.  */
 static size_t
-is_dst (const char *start, const char *name, const char *str, int secure)
+is_dst (const char *input, const char *ref)
 {
-  size_t len;
+  size_t ilen, rlen;
   bool is_curly = false;
 
-  if (name[0] == '{')
+  /* Is a ${...} input sequence?  */
+  if (input[0] == '{')
     {
       is_curly = true;
-      ++name;
+      ++input;
     }
 
-  len = 0;
-  while (name[len] == str[len] && name[len] != '\0')
-    ++len;
+  /* Find longest valid input sequence.  */
+  ilen = 0;
+  while ((input[ilen] >= 'A' && input[ilen] <= 'Z')
+	 || (input[ilen] >= 'a' && input[ilen] <= 'z')
+	 || (input[ilen] >= '0' && input[ilen] <= '9')
+	 || (input[ilen] == '_'))
+    ++ilen;
+
+  rlen = strlen (ref);
+
+  /* Can't be the DST we are looking for.  */
+  if (rlen != ilen)
+    return 0;
+
+  /* Compare the DST (no strncmp this early in startup).  */
+  if (memcmp (input, ref, ilen) != 0)
+    return 0;
 
   if (is_curly)
     {
-      if (name[len] != '}')
+      /* Invalid curly sequence!  */
+      if (input[ilen] != '}')
 	return 0;
 
-      /* Point again at the beginning of the name.  */
-      --name;
-      /* Skip over closing curly brace and adjust for the --name.  */
-      len += 2;
+      /* Count the two curly braces.  */
+      ilen += 2;
     }
-  else if (name[len] != '\0' && name[len] != '/')
-    return 0;
 
-  if (__glibc_unlikely (secure)
-      && ((name[len] != '\0' && name[len] != '/')
-	  || (name != start + 1)))
-    return 0;
-
-  return len;
+  return ilen;
 }
 
-
+/* INPUT is the start of a DST sequence at the first '$' occurrence.
+   If there is a DST we call into _dl_dst_count to count the number of
+   DSTs.  We count all known DSTs regardless of __libc_enable_secure;
+   the caller is responsible for enforcing the security of the
+   substitution rules (usually _dl_dst_substitute).  */
 size_t
-_dl_dst_count (const char *name)
+_dl_dst_count (const char *input)
 {
-  const char *const start = name;
   size_t cnt = 0;
 
+  input = strchr (input, '$');
+
+  /* Most likely there is no DST.  */
+  if (__glibc_likely (input == NULL))
+    return 0;
+
   do
     {
       size_t len;
 
-      /* $ORIGIN is not expanded for SUID/GUID programs (except if it
-	 is $ORIGIN alone) and it must always appear first in path.  */
-      ++name;
-      if ((len = is_dst (start, name, "ORIGIN", __libc_enable_secure)) != 0
-	  || (len = is_dst (start, name, "PLATFORM", 0)) != 0
-	  || (len = is_dst (start, name, "LIB", 0)) != 0)
+      ++input;
+      /* All DSTs must follow ELF gABI rules, see is_dst ().  */
+      if ((len = is_dst (input, "ORIGIN")) != 0
+	  || (len = is_dst (input, "PLATFORM")) != 0
+	  || (len = is_dst (input, "LIB")) != 0)
 	++cnt;
 
-      name = strchr (name + len, '$');
+      /* There may be more than one DST in the input.  */
+      input = strchr (input + len, '$');
     }
-  while (name != NULL);
+  while (input != NULL);
 
   return cnt;
 }
 
-
+/* Process INPUT for DSTs and store in RESULT using the information
+   from link map L to resolve the DSTs. This function only handles one
+   path at a time and does not handle colon-separated path lists (see
+   fillin_rpath ()).  Lastly the size of result in bytes should be at
+   least equal to the value returned by DL_DST_REQUIRED.  Note that it
+   is possible for a DT_NEEDED, DT_AUXILIARY, and DT_FILTER entries to
+   have colons, but we treat those as literal colons here, not as path
+   list delimeters.  */
 char *
-_dl_dst_substitute (struct link_map *l, const char *name, char *result)
+_dl_dst_substitute (struct link_map *l, const char *input, char *result)
 {
-  const char *const start = name;
-
-  /* Now fill the result path.  While copying over the string we keep
-     track of the start of the last path element.  When we come across
-     a DST we copy over the value or (if the value is not available)
-     leave the entire path element out.  */
+  /* Copy character-by-character from input into the working pointer
+     looking for any DSTs.  We track the start of input and if we are
+     going to check for trusted paths, all of which are part of $ORIGIN
+     handling in SUID/SGID cases (see below).  In some cases, like when
+     a DST cannot be replaced, we may set result to an empty string and
+     return.  */
   char *wp = result;
-  char *last_elem = result;
+  const char *start = input;
   bool check_for_trusted = false;
 
   do
     {
-      if (__glibc_unlikely (*name == '$'))
+      if (__glibc_unlikely (*input == '$'))
 	{
 	  const char *repl = NULL;
 	  size_t len;
 
-	  ++name;
-	  if ((len = is_dst (start, name, "ORIGIN", __libc_enable_secure)) != 0)
+	  ++input;
+	  if ((len = is_dst (input, "ORIGIN")) != 0)
 	    {
-	      repl = l->l_origin;
+	      /* For SUID/GUID programs we normally ignore the path with
+		 $ORIGIN in DT_RUNPATH, or DT_RPATH.  However, there is
+		 one exception to this rule, and it is:
+
+		   * $ORIGIN appears as the first path element, and is
+		     the only string in the path or is immediately
+		     followed by a path separator and the rest of the
+		     path.
+
+		   * The path is rooted in a trusted directory.
+
+		 This exception allows such programs to reference
+		 shared libraries in subdirectories of trusted
+		 directories.  The use case is one of general
+		 organization and deployment flexibility.
+		 Trusted directories are usually such paths as "/lib64"
+		 or "/usr/lib64", and the usual RPATHs take the form of
+		 [$ORIGIN/../$LIB/somedir].  */
+	      if (__glibc_unlikely (__libc_enable_secure)
+		  && !(input == start + 1
+		       && (input[len] == '\0' || input[len] == '/')))
+		repl = (const char *) -1;
+	      else
+	        repl = l->l_origin;
+
 	      check_for_trusted = (__libc_enable_secure
 				   && l->l_type == lt_executable);
 	    }
-	  else if ((len = is_dst (start, name, "PLATFORM", 0)) != 0)
+	  else if ((len = is_dst (input, "PLATFORM")) != 0)
 	    repl = GLRO(dl_platform);
-	  else if ((len = is_dst (start, name, "LIB", 0)) != 0)
+	  else if ((len = is_dst (input, "LIB")) != 0)
 	    repl = DL_DST_LIB;
 
 	  if (repl != NULL && repl != (const char *) -1)
 	    {
 	      wp = __stpcpy (wp, repl);
-	      name += len;
+	      input += len;
 	    }
-	  else if (len > 1)
+	  else if (len != 0)
 	    {
-	      /* We cannot use this path element, the value of the
-		 replacement is unknown.  */
-	      wp = last_elem;
-	      break;
+	      /* We found a valid DST that we know about, but we could
+	         not find a replacement value for it, therefore we
+		 cannot use this path and discard it.  */
+	      *result = '\0';
+	      return result;
 	    }
 	  else
 	    /* No DST we recognize.  */
@@ -292,16 +351,26 @@  _dl_dst_substitute (struct link_map *l, const char *name, char *result)
 	}
       else
 	{
-	  *wp++ = *name++;
+	  *wp++ = *input++;
 	}
     }
-  while (*name != '\0');
+  while (*input != '\0');
 
   /* In SUID/SGID programs, after $ORIGIN expansion the normalized
-     path must be rooted in one of the trusted directories.  */
+     path must be rooted in one of the trusted directories.  The $LIB
+     and $PLATFORM DST cannot in any way be manipulated by the caller
+     because they are fixed values that are set by the dynamic loader
+     and therefore any paths using just $LIB or $PLATFORM need not be
+     checked for trust, the authors of the binaries themselves are
+     trusted to have designed this correctly.  Only $ORIGIN is tested in
+     this way because it may be manipulated in some ways with hard
+     links.  */
   if (__glibc_unlikely (check_for_trusted)
-      && !is_trusted_path_normalize (last_elem, wp - last_elem))
-    wp = last_elem;
+      && !is_trusted_path_normalize (result, wp - result))
+    {
+      *result = '\0';
+      return result;
+    }
 
   *wp = '\0';
 
@@ -309,13 +378,13 @@  _dl_dst_substitute (struct link_map *l, const char *name, char *result)
 }
 
 
-/* Return copy of argument with all recognized dynamic string tokens
-   ($ORIGIN and $PLATFORM for now) replaced.  On some platforms it
-   might not be possible to determine the path from which the object
-   belonging to the map is loaded.  In this case the path element
-   containing $ORIGIN is left out.  */
+/* Return a malloc allocated copy of INPUT with all recognized DSTs
+   replaced. On some platforms it might not be possible to determine the
+   path from which the object belonging to the map is loaded.  In this
+   case the path containing the DST is left out.  On error NULL
+   is returned.  */
 static char *
-expand_dynamic_string_token (struct link_map *l, const char *s)
+expand_dynamic_string_token (struct link_map *l, const char *input)
 {
   /* We make two runs over the string.  First we determine how large the
      resulting string is and then we copy it over.  Since this is no
@@ -325,22 +394,22 @@  expand_dynamic_string_token (struct link_map *l, const char *s)
   size_t total;
   char *result;
 
-  /* Determine the number of DST elements.  */
-  cnt = DL_DST_COUNT (s);
+  /* Determine the number of DSTs.  */
+  cnt = _dl_dst_count (input);
 
   /* If we do not have to replace anything simply copy the string.  */
   if (__glibc_likely (cnt == 0))
-    return __strdup (s);
+    return __strdup (input);
 
   /* Determine the length of the substituted string.  */
-  total = DL_DST_REQUIRED (l, s, strlen (s), cnt);
+  total = DL_DST_REQUIRED (l, input, strlen (input), cnt);
 
   /* Allocate the necessary memory.  */
   result = (char *) malloc (total + 1);
   if (result == NULL)
     return NULL;
 
-  return _dl_dst_substitute (l, s, result);
+  return _dl_dst_substitute (l, input, result);
 }