Patchwork [v4,1/3] Tunables: Add tunables of spin count for pthread adaptive spin mutex

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Submitter Kemi Wang
Date June 11, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
Message ID <1528712339-32299-1-git-send-email-kemi.wang@intel.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/27734/
State New
Headers show

Comments

Kemi Wang - June 11, 2018, 10:18 a.m.
This patch does not have any functionality change, we only provide a spin
count tunes for pthread adaptive spin mutex. The tunable
glibc.mutex.spin_count tunes can be used by system administrator to squeeze
system performance according to different hardware capabilities and
workload characteristics.

The maximum value of spin count is limited to 30000 to avoid the overflow
of mutex->__data.__spins variable with the possible type of short in
pthread_mutex_lock ().

The default value of spin count is set to 100 with the reference to the
previous number of times of spinning via trylock. This value would be
architecture-specific and can be tuned with kinds of benchmarks to fit most
cases in future.

This is the preparation work for the next patch, in which the way of
adaptive spin would be changed from an expensive cmpxchg to read while
spinning.

   * elf/dl-tunables.list: Add glibc.mutex.spin_count entry.
   * manual/tunables.texi: Add glibc.mutex.spin_count description.
   * nptl/Makefile: Add pthread_mutex_conf.c for compilation.
   * nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h: New file.
   * nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c: New file.

ChangeLog:
    V3->V4
    a) Add comments in elf/dl-tunables.list

    V2->V3
    a) Polish the description of glibc.mutex.spin_count tunable with the
    help from Rical Jasan.
    b) Get rid of the TUNABLE_CALLBACK_FNDECL macros in
    pthread_mutex_conf.c, as suggested by Florian Weimer.
    c) Adjust the default value of spin count to 100 with the reference of
    the previous spinning way via trylock.

    V1->V2
    a) Renamed nptl/mutex-conf.h -> nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
    b) Renamed nptl/mutex-conf.c -> nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
    c) Change the Makefile to compile pthread_mutex_conf.c
    d) Modify the copyright "2013-2018" -> "2018" for new added files
    e) Fix the indentation issue (tab -> double space) in
    elf/dl-tunables.list
    f) Remove the env alias LD_SPIN_COUNT in elf/dl-tunables.list
    g) Fix the typo errors and refresh glibc.mutex.spin_count tunable
    description in manual/tunables.texi.
    h) Fix the indentation issue in nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
    i) Fix the indentation issue for nested preprocessor (add one space for
    each level)

Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kemi Wang <kemi.wang@intel.com>
---
 elf/dl-tunables.list      | 17 +++++++++++
 manual/tunables.texi      | 22 ++++++++++++++
 nptl/Makefile             |  3 +-
 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 146 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
 create mode 100644 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
Kemi Wang - June 19, 2018, 1:23 a.m.
PING. 

Please let me know if anything I need to do here, thanks.
https://sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2018-06/msg00178.html
https://sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2018-06/msg00179.html
https://sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2018-06/msg00180.html

Hi, Florian
https://sourceware.org/ml/libc-alpha/2018-06/msg00377.html   
any follow for this thread?

On 2018年06月11日 18:18, Kemi Wang wrote:
> This patch does not have any functionality change, we only provide a spin
> count tunes for pthread adaptive spin mutex. The tunable
> glibc.mutex.spin_count tunes can be used by system administrator to squeeze
> system performance according to different hardware capabilities and
> workload characteristics.
> 
> The maximum value of spin count is limited to 30000 to avoid the overflow
> of mutex->__data.__spins variable with the possible type of short in
> pthread_mutex_lock ().
> 
> The default value of spin count is set to 100 with the reference to the
> previous number of times of spinning via trylock. This value would be
> architecture-specific and can be tuned with kinds of benchmarks to fit most
> cases in future.
> 
> This is the preparation work for the next patch, in which the way of
> adaptive spin would be changed from an expensive cmpxchg to read while
> spinning.
> 
>    * elf/dl-tunables.list: Add glibc.mutex.spin_count entry.
>    * manual/tunables.texi: Add glibc.mutex.spin_count description.
>    * nptl/Makefile: Add pthread_mutex_conf.c for compilation.
>    * nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h: New file.
>    * nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c: New file.
> 
> ChangeLog:
>     V3->V4
>     a) Add comments in elf/dl-tunables.list
> 
>     V2->V3
>     a) Polish the description of glibc.mutex.spin_count tunable with the
>     help from Rical Jasan.
>     b) Get rid of the TUNABLE_CALLBACK_FNDECL macros in
>     pthread_mutex_conf.c, as suggested by Florian Weimer.
>     c) Adjust the default value of spin count to 100 with the reference of
>     the previous spinning way via trylock.
> 
>     V1->V2
>     a) Renamed nptl/mutex-conf.h -> nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
>     b) Renamed nptl/mutex-conf.c -> nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
>     c) Change the Makefile to compile pthread_mutex_conf.c
>     d) Modify the copyright "2013-2018" -> "2018" for new added files
>     e) Fix the indentation issue (tab -> double space) in
>     elf/dl-tunables.list
>     f) Remove the env alias LD_SPIN_COUNT in elf/dl-tunables.list
>     g) Fix the typo errors and refresh glibc.mutex.spin_count tunable
>     description in manual/tunables.texi.
>     h) Fix the indentation issue in nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
>     i) Fix the indentation issue for nested preprocessor (add one space for
>     each level)
> 
> Suggested-by: Andi Kleen <andi.kleen@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Kemi Wang <kemi.wang@intel.com>
> ---
>  elf/dl-tunables.list      | 17 +++++++++++
>  manual/tunables.texi      | 22 ++++++++++++++
>  nptl/Makefile             |  3 +-
>  nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c | 74 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h | 31 ++++++++++++++++++++
>  5 files changed, 146 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>  create mode 100644 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
>  create mode 100644 nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
> 
> diff --git a/elf/dl-tunables.list b/elf/dl-tunables.list
> index 1f8ecb8..2c5a13f 100644
> --- a/elf/dl-tunables.list
> +++ b/elf/dl-tunables.list
> @@ -121,4 +121,21 @@ glibc {
>        default: 3
>      }
>    }
> +
> +# The maximum value of spin count is limited to 30000 to avoid the overflow
> +# of mutex->__data.__spins variable with the possible type of short in
> +# pthread_mutex_lock ().
> +#
> +# The default value of spin count is set to 100 with the reference to the
> +# previous number of times of spinning via trylock. This value would be
> +# architecture-specific and can be tuned with kinds of benchmarks to fit
> +# most cases in future.
> +  mutex {
> +    spin_count {
> +      type: INT_32
> +      minval: 0
> +      maxval: 30000
> +      default: 100
> +    }
> +  }
>  }
> diff --git a/manual/tunables.texi b/manual/tunables.texi
> index be33c9f..05c5e4a 100644
> --- a/manual/tunables.texi
> +++ b/manual/tunables.texi
> @@ -281,6 +281,28 @@ of try lock attempts.
>  The default value of this tunable is @samp{3}.
>  @end deftp
>  
> +@node Pthread Mutex Tunables
> +@section Pthread Mutex Tunables
> +@cindex pthread mutex tunables
> +
> +@deftp {Tunable namespace} glibc.mutex
> +The behavior of pthread mutexes can be tuned to gain performance improvements
> +according to specific hardware capabilities and workload characteristics by
> +setting the following tunables in the @code{mutex} namespace:
> +@end deftp
> +
> +@deftp Tunable glibc.mutex.spin_count
> +The @code{glibc.mutex.spin_count} tunable sets the maximum number of times
> +a thread should spin on the lock before calling into the kernel to block.
> +Adaptive spin is used for mutexes initialized with the PTHREAD_MUTEX_ADAPTIVE_NP
> +GNU extension.  It affects both pthread_mutex_lock and pthread_mutex_timedlock.
> +
> +The spinning is done until either the maximum spin times is reached or
> +the lock is acquired.
> +
> +The default value of this tunable is @samp{100}.
> +@end deftp
> +
>  @node Hardware Capability Tunables
>  @section Hardware Capability Tunables
>  @cindex hardware capability tunables
> diff --git a/nptl/Makefile b/nptl/Makefile
> index 94be92c..bd1096f 100644
> --- a/nptl/Makefile
> +++ b/nptl/Makefile
> @@ -139,7 +139,8 @@ libpthread-routines = nptl-init vars events version pt-interp \
>  		      pthread_mutex_getprioceiling \
>  		      pthread_mutex_setprioceiling \
>  		      pthread_setname pthread_getname \
> -		      pthread_setattr_default_np pthread_getattr_default_np
> +		      pthread_setattr_default_np pthread_getattr_default_np \
> +		      pthread_mutex_conf
>  #		      pthread_setuid pthread_seteuid pthread_setreuid \
>  #		      pthread_setresuid \
>  #		      pthread_setgid pthread_setegid pthread_setregid \
> diff --git a/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..7f9eb23
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,74 @@
> +/* pthread_mutex_conf.c: Pthread mutex tunable parameters.
> +   Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> +   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> +   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
> +   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> +   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> +   Lesser General Public License for more details.
> +
> +   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
> +   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
> +
> +#include "config.h"
> +#include <pthreadP.h>
> +#include <init-arch.h>
> +#include <pthread_mutex_conf.h>
> +#include <unistd.h>
> +
> +#if HAVE_TUNABLES
> +# define TUNABLE_NAMESPACE mutex
> +#endif
> +#include <elf/dl-tunables.h>
> +
> +
> +struct mutex_config __mutex_aconf =
> +{
> +  /* The maximum number of times a thread should spin on the lock before
> +  calling into kernel to block.  */
> +  .spin_count = 100,
> +};
> +
> +#if HAVE_TUNABLES
> +static inline void __always_inline
> +do_set_mutex_spin_count (int32_t value)
> +{
> +  __mutex_aconf.spin_count = value;
> +}
> +
> +void
> +TUNABLE_CALLBACK (set_mutex_spin_count) (tunable_val_t *valp)
> +{
> +  int32_t value = (int32_t) (valp)->numval;
> +  do_set_mutex_spin_count (value);
> +}
> +#endif
> +
> +static void
> +mutex_tunables_init (int argc __attribute__ ((unused)),
> +			      char **argv  __attribute__ ((unused)),
> +					      char **environ)
> +{
> +#if HAVE_TUNABLES
> +  TUNABLE_GET (spin_count, int32_t,
> +               TUNABLE_CALLBACK (set_mutex_spin_count));
> +#endif
> +}
> +
> +#ifdef SHARED
> +# define INIT_SECTION ".init_array"
> +#else
> +# define INIT_SECTION ".preinit_array"
> +#endif
> +
> +void (*const __pthread_mutex_tunables_init_array []) (int, char **, char **)
> +  __attribute__ ((section (INIT_SECTION), aligned (sizeof (void *)))) =
> +{
> +  &mutex_tunables_init
> +};
> diff --git a/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..e5b027c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
> +/* pthread_mutex_conf.h: Pthread mutex tunable parameters.
> +   Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
> +   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> +   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
> +   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> +
> +   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> +   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> +   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
> +   Lesser General Public License for more details.
> +
> +   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
> +   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
> +   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
> +#ifndef _PTHREAD_MUTEX_CONF_H
> +#define _PTHREAD_MUTEX_CONF_H 1
> +
> +#include <pthread.h>
> +#include <time.h>
> +
> +struct mutex_config
> +{
> +  int spin_count;
> +};
> +
> +extern struct mutex_config __mutex_aconf attribute_hidden;
> +
> +#endif
>

Patch

diff --git a/elf/dl-tunables.list b/elf/dl-tunables.list
index 1f8ecb8..2c5a13f 100644
--- a/elf/dl-tunables.list
+++ b/elf/dl-tunables.list
@@ -121,4 +121,21 @@  glibc {
       default: 3
     }
   }
+
+# The maximum value of spin count is limited to 30000 to avoid the overflow
+# of mutex->__data.__spins variable with the possible type of short in
+# pthread_mutex_lock ().
+#
+# The default value of spin count is set to 100 with the reference to the
+# previous number of times of spinning via trylock. This value would be
+# architecture-specific and can be tuned with kinds of benchmarks to fit
+# most cases in future.
+  mutex {
+    spin_count {
+      type: INT_32
+      minval: 0
+      maxval: 30000
+      default: 100
+    }
+  }
 }
diff --git a/manual/tunables.texi b/manual/tunables.texi
index be33c9f..05c5e4a 100644
--- a/manual/tunables.texi
+++ b/manual/tunables.texi
@@ -281,6 +281,28 @@  of try lock attempts.
 The default value of this tunable is @samp{3}.
 @end deftp
 
+@node Pthread Mutex Tunables
+@section Pthread Mutex Tunables
+@cindex pthread mutex tunables
+
+@deftp {Tunable namespace} glibc.mutex
+The behavior of pthread mutexes can be tuned to gain performance improvements
+according to specific hardware capabilities and workload characteristics by
+setting the following tunables in the @code{mutex} namespace:
+@end deftp
+
+@deftp Tunable glibc.mutex.spin_count
+The @code{glibc.mutex.spin_count} tunable sets the maximum number of times
+a thread should spin on the lock before calling into the kernel to block.
+Adaptive spin is used for mutexes initialized with the PTHREAD_MUTEX_ADAPTIVE_NP
+GNU extension.  It affects both pthread_mutex_lock and pthread_mutex_timedlock.
+
+The spinning is done until either the maximum spin times is reached or
+the lock is acquired.
+
+The default value of this tunable is @samp{100}.
+@end deftp
+
 @node Hardware Capability Tunables
 @section Hardware Capability Tunables
 @cindex hardware capability tunables
diff --git a/nptl/Makefile b/nptl/Makefile
index 94be92c..bd1096f 100644
--- a/nptl/Makefile
+++ b/nptl/Makefile
@@ -139,7 +139,8 @@  libpthread-routines = nptl-init vars events version pt-interp \
 		      pthread_mutex_getprioceiling \
 		      pthread_mutex_setprioceiling \
 		      pthread_setname pthread_getname \
-		      pthread_setattr_default_np pthread_getattr_default_np
+		      pthread_setattr_default_np pthread_getattr_default_np \
+		      pthread_mutex_conf
 #		      pthread_setuid pthread_seteuid pthread_setreuid \
 #		      pthread_setresuid \
 #		      pthread_setgid pthread_setegid pthread_setregid \
diff --git a/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7f9eb23
--- /dev/null
+++ b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.c
@@ -0,0 +1,74 @@ 
+/* pthread_mutex_conf.c: Pthread mutex tunable parameters.
+   Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include "config.h"
+#include <pthreadP.h>
+#include <init-arch.h>
+#include <pthread_mutex_conf.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#if HAVE_TUNABLES
+# define TUNABLE_NAMESPACE mutex
+#endif
+#include <elf/dl-tunables.h>
+
+
+struct mutex_config __mutex_aconf =
+{
+  /* The maximum number of times a thread should spin on the lock before
+  calling into kernel to block.  */
+  .spin_count = 100,
+};
+
+#if HAVE_TUNABLES
+static inline void __always_inline
+do_set_mutex_spin_count (int32_t value)
+{
+  __mutex_aconf.spin_count = value;
+}
+
+void
+TUNABLE_CALLBACK (set_mutex_spin_count) (tunable_val_t *valp)
+{
+  int32_t value = (int32_t) (valp)->numval;
+  do_set_mutex_spin_count (value);
+}
+#endif
+
+static void
+mutex_tunables_init (int argc __attribute__ ((unused)),
+			      char **argv  __attribute__ ((unused)),
+					      char **environ)
+{
+#if HAVE_TUNABLES
+  TUNABLE_GET (spin_count, int32_t,
+               TUNABLE_CALLBACK (set_mutex_spin_count));
+#endif
+}
+
+#ifdef SHARED
+# define INIT_SECTION ".init_array"
+#else
+# define INIT_SECTION ".preinit_array"
+#endif
+
+void (*const __pthread_mutex_tunables_init_array []) (int, char **, char **)
+  __attribute__ ((section (INIT_SECTION), aligned (sizeof (void *)))) =
+{
+  &mutex_tunables_init
+};
diff --git a/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e5b027c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/nptl/pthread_mutex_conf.h
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@ 
+/* pthread_mutex_conf.h: Pthread mutex tunable parameters.
+   Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+   This file is part of the GNU C Library.
+
+   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
+   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+
+   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
+   Lesser General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
+   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, see
+   <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+#ifndef _PTHREAD_MUTEX_CONF_H
+#define _PTHREAD_MUTEX_CONF_H 1
+
+#include <pthread.h>
+#include <time.h>
+
+struct mutex_config
+{
+  int spin_count;
+};
+
+extern struct mutex_config __mutex_aconf attribute_hidden;
+
+#endif