Patchwork [v7] C++ify gdb/common/environ.c

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Submitter Sergio Durigan Junior
Date June 19, 2017, 6:27 p.m.
Message ID <20170619182745.24443-1-sergiodj@redhat.com>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/21113/
State New
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Comments

Sergio Durigan Junior - June 19, 2017, 6:27 p.m.
Changed from v6:

- The internal state of m_environ_vector is always correct, i.e., the
  vector always contains at least one NULL element in it.

- Expanded selftests in order to check for special situations related
  to std::move; also included guiding comments explaining what is
  being tested.

- Fix minor nits.

As part of the preparation necessary for my upcoming task, I'd like to
propose that we turn gdb_environ into a class.  The approach taken
here is simple: the class gdb_environ contains everything that is
needed to manipulate the environment variables.  These variables are
stored in an std::vector<char *>, which can be converted to a 'char
**' and passed as argument to functions that need it.

The usage has not changed much.  As per Pedro's suggestion, this class
uses a static factory method initialization.  This means that when an
instance is created, it is initially empty.  When needed, it has to be
initialized using the static method 'from_host_environ'.

As mentioned before, this is a preparation for an upcoming work that I
will be posting in the next few weeks or so.  For that work, I'll
probably create another data structure that will contain all the
environment variables that were set by the user using the 'set
environment' command, because I'll need access to them.  This will be
much easier with the class-ification of gdb_environ.

As noted, this has been regression-tested with the new version of
environ.exp and no regressions were found.

gdb/ChangeLog:
yyyy-mm-dd  Sergio Durigan Junior  <sergiodj@redhat.com>

	* Makefile.in (SUBDIR_UNITTESTS_SRCS): Add
	'unittests/environ-selftests.c'.
	(SUBDIR_UNITTESTS_OBS): Add 'environ-selftests.o'.
	* charset.c (find_charset_names): Declare object 'iconv_env'.
	Update code to use 'iconv_env' object.  Remove call to
	'free_environ'.
	* common/environ.c: Include <utility>.
	(make_environ): Delete function.
	(free_environ): Delete function.
	(gdb_environ::clear): New function.
	(gdb_environ::operator=): New function.
	(gdb_environ::get): Likewise.
	(environ_vector): Delete function.
	(set_in_environ): Delete function.
	(gdb_environ::set): New function.
	(unset_in_environ): Delete function.
	(gdb_environ::unset): New function.
	(gdb_environ::envp): Likewise.
	* common/environ.h: Include <vector>.
	(struct gdb_environ): Delete; transform into...
	(class gdb_environ): ... this class.
	(free_environ): Delete prototype.
	(init_environ, get_in_environ, set_in_environ, unset_in_environ,
	environ_vector): Likewise.
	* infcmd.c (run_command_1): Update code to call
	'envp' from 'gdb_environ' class.
	(environment_info): Update code to call methods from 'gdb_environ'
	class.
	(unset_environment_command): Likewise.
	(path_info): Likewise.
	(path_command): Likewise.
	* inferior.c (inferior::~inferior): Delete call to 'free_environ'.
	(inferior::inferior): Initialize 'environment' using the host's
	information.
	* inferior.h: Remove forward declaration of 'struct gdb_environ'.
	Include "environ.h".
	(class inferior) <environment>: Change type from 'struct
	gdb_environ' to 'gdb_environ'.
	* mi/mi-cmd-env.c (mi_cmd_env_path): Update code to call
	methods from 'gdb_environ' class.
	* solib.c (solib_find_1): Likewise
	* unittests/environ-selftests.c: New file.

gdb/gdbserver/ChangeLog:
yyyy-mm-dd  Sergio Durigan Junior  <sergiodj@redhat.com>

	* linux-low.c (linux_create_inferior): Adjust code to access the
	environment information via 'gdb_environ' class.
	* lynx-low.c (lynx_create_inferior): Likewise.
	* server.c (our_environ): Make it an instance of 'gdb_environ'.
	(get_environ): Return a pointer to 'our_environ'.
	(captured_main): Initialize 'our_environ'.
	* server.h (get_environ): Adjust prototype.
	* spu-low.c (spu_create_inferior): Adjust code to access the
	environment information via 'gdb_environ' class.
---
 gdb/Makefile.in                   |   2 +
 gdb/charset.c                     |  11 +--
 gdb/common/environ.c              | 200 +++++++++++++++-----------------------
 gdb/common/environ.h              |  66 +++++++++----
 gdb/gdbserver/linux-low.c         |   2 +-
 gdb/gdbserver/lynx-low.c          |   2 +-
 gdb/gdbserver/server.c            |   9 +-
 gdb/gdbserver/server.h            |   6 +-
 gdb/gdbserver/spu-low.c           |   2 +-
 gdb/infcmd.c                      |  28 +++---
 gdb/inferior.c                    |   4 +-
 gdb/inferior.h                    |   6 +-
 gdb/mi/mi-cmd-env.c               |   6 +-
 gdb/solib.c                       |   7 +-
 gdb/unittests/environ-selftests.c | 129 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 15 files changed, 292 insertions(+), 188 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 gdb/unittests/environ-selftests.c

Patch

diff --git a/gdb/Makefile.in b/gdb/Makefile.in
index 153a5dd..b27f698 100644
--- a/gdb/Makefile.in
+++ b/gdb/Makefile.in
@@ -526,6 +526,7 @@  SUBDIR_PYTHON_LDFLAGS =
 SUBDIR_PYTHON_CFLAGS =
 
 SUBDIR_UNITTESTS_SRCS = \
+	unittests/environ-selftests.c \
 	unittests/function-view-selftests.c \
 	unittests/offset-type-selftests.c \
 	unittests/optional-selftests.c \
@@ -533,6 +534,7 @@  SUBDIR_UNITTESTS_SRCS = \
 	unittests/scoped_restore-selftests.c
 
 SUBDIR_UNITTESTS_OBS = \
+	environ-selftests.o \
 	function-view-selftests.o \
 	offset-type-selftests.o \
 	optional-selftests.o \
diff --git a/gdb/charset.c b/gdb/charset.c
index dbe46a4..be95bbe 100644
--- a/gdb/charset.c
+++ b/gdb/charset.c
@@ -794,16 +794,14 @@  find_charset_names (void)
   int err, status;
   int fail = 1;
   int flags;
-  struct gdb_environ *iconv_env;
+  gdb_environ iconv_env = gdb_environ::from_host_environ ();
   char *iconv_program;
 
   /* Older iconvs, e.g. 2.2.2, don't omit the intro text if stdout is
      not a tty.  We need to recognize it and ignore it.  This text is
      subject to translation, so force LANGUAGE=C.  */
-  iconv_env = make_environ ();
-  init_environ (iconv_env);
-  set_in_environ (iconv_env, "LANGUAGE", "C");
-  set_in_environ (iconv_env, "LC_ALL", "C");
+  iconv_env.set ("LANGUAGE", "C");
+  iconv_env.set ("LC_ALL", "C");
 
   child = pex_init (PEX_USE_PIPES, "iconv", NULL);
 
@@ -827,7 +825,7 @@  find_charset_names (void)
   /* Note that we simply ignore errors here.  */
   if (!pex_run_in_environment (child, flags,
 			       args[0], const_cast<char **> (args),
-			       environ_vector (iconv_env),
+			       iconv_env.envp (),
 			       NULL, NULL, &err))
     {
       FILE *in = pex_read_output (child, 0);
@@ -901,7 +899,6 @@  find_charset_names (void)
 
   xfree (iconv_program);
   pex_free (child);
-  free_environ (iconv_env);
 
   if (fail)
     {
diff --git a/gdb/common/environ.c b/gdb/common/environ.c
index 3145d01..944276c 100644
--- a/gdb/common/environ.c
+++ b/gdb/common/environ.c
@@ -18,165 +18,119 @@ 
 #include "common-defs.h"
 #include "environ.h"
 #include <algorithm>
-
+#include <utility>
 
-/* Return a new environment object.  */
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
 
-struct gdb_environ *
-make_environ (void)
+gdb_environ &
+gdb_environ::operator= (gdb_environ &&e)
 {
-  struct gdb_environ *e;
+  if (&e == this)
+    return *this;
 
-  e = XNEW (struct gdb_environ);
-
-  e->allocated = 10;
-  e->vector = (char **) xmalloc ((e->allocated + 1) * sizeof (char *));
-  e->vector[0] = 0;
-  return e;
+  m_environ_vector = std::move (e.m_environ_vector);
+  e.m_environ_vector.clear ();
+  e.m_environ_vector.push_back (NULL);
+  return *this;
 }
 
-/* Free an environment and all the strings in it.  */
+/* Create a gdb_environ object using the host's environment
+   variables.  */
 
-void
-free_environ (struct gdb_environ *e)
-{
-  char **vector = e->vector;
-
-  while (*vector)
-    xfree (*vector++);
-
-  xfree (e->vector);
-  xfree (e);
-}
-
-/* Copy the environment given to this process into E.
-   Also copies all the strings in it, so we can be sure
-   that all strings in these environments are safe to free.  */
-
-void
-init_environ (struct gdb_environ *e)
+gdb_environ gdb_environ::from_host_environ ()
 {
   extern char **environ;
-  int i;
+  gdb_environ e;
 
   if (environ == NULL)
-    return;
+    return e;
 
-  for (i = 0; environ[i]; i++) /*EMPTY */ ;
-
-  if (e->allocated < i)
+  for (int i = 0; environ[i] != NULL; ++i)
     {
-      e->allocated = std::max (i, e->allocated + 10);
-      e->vector = (char **) xrealloc ((char *) e->vector,
-				      (e->allocated + 1) * sizeof (char *));
+      /* Make sure we add the element before the last (NULL).  */
+      e.m_environ_vector.insert (e.m_environ_vector.end () - 1,
+				 xstrdup (environ[i]));
     }
 
-  memcpy (e->vector, environ, (i + 1) * sizeof (char *));
+  return e;
+}
 
-  while (--i >= 0)
-    {
-      int len = strlen (e->vector[i]);
-      char *newobj = (char *) xmalloc (len + 1);
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
 
-      memcpy (newobj, e->vector[i], len + 1);
-      e->vector[i] = newobj;
-    }
+void
+gdb_environ::clear ()
+{
+  for (char *v : m_environ_vector)
+    xfree (v);
+  m_environ_vector.clear ();
+  /* Always add the NULL element.  */
+  m_environ_vector.push_back (NULL);
 }
 
-/* Return the vector of environment E.
-   This is used to get something to pass to execve.  */
+/* Helper function to check if STRING contains an environment variable
+   assignment of VAR, i.e., if STRING starts with 'VAR='.  Return true
+   if it contains, false otherwise.  */
 
-char **
-environ_vector (struct gdb_environ *e)
+static bool
+match_var_in_string (char *string, const char *var, size_t var_len)
 {
-  return e->vector;
+  if (strncmp (string, var, var_len) == 0 && string[var_len] == '=')
+    return true;
+
+  return false;
 }
-
-/* Return the value in environment E of variable VAR.  */
 
-char *
-get_in_environ (const struct gdb_environ *e, const char *var)
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
+
+const char *
+gdb_environ::get (const char *var) const
 {
-  int len = strlen (var);
-  char **vector = e->vector;
-  char *s;
+  size_t len = strlen (var);
 
-  for (; (s = *vector) != NULL; vector++)
-    if (strncmp (s, var, len) == 0 && s[len] == '=')
-      return &s[len + 1];
+  for (char *el : m_environ_vector)
+    if (el != NULL && match_var_in_string (el, var, len))
+      return &el[len + 1];
 
-  return 0;
+  return NULL;
 }
 
-/* Store the value in E of VAR as VALUE.  */
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
 
 void
-set_in_environ (struct gdb_environ *e, const char *var, const char *value)
+gdb_environ::set (const char *var, const char *value)
 {
-  int i;
-  int len = strlen (var);
-  char **vector = e->vector;
-  char *s;
-
-  for (i = 0; (s = vector[i]) != NULL; i++)
-    if (strncmp (s, var, len) == 0 && s[len] == '=')
-      break;
+  /* We have to unset the variable in the vector if it exists.  */
+  unset (var);
 
-  if (s == 0)
-    {
-      if (i == e->allocated)
-	{
-	  e->allocated += 10;
-	  vector = (char **) xrealloc ((char *) vector,
-				       (e->allocated + 1) * sizeof (char *));
-	  e->vector = vector;
-	}
-      vector[i + 1] = 0;
-    }
-  else
-    xfree (s);
-
-  s = (char *) xmalloc (len + strlen (value) + 2);
-  strcpy (s, var);
-  strcat (s, "=");
-  strcat (s, value);
-  vector[i] = s;
-
-  /* This used to handle setting the PATH and GNUTARGET variables
-     specially.  The latter has been replaced by "set gnutarget"
-     (which has worked since GDB 4.11).  The former affects searching
-     the PATH to find SHELL, and searching the PATH to find the
-     argument of "symbol-file" or "exec-file".  Maybe we should have
-     some kind of "set exec-path" for that.  But in any event, having
-     "set env" affect anything besides the inferior is a bad idea.
-     What if we want to change the environment we pass to the program
-     without afecting GDB's behavior?  */
-
-  return;
+  /* Insert the element before the last one, which is always NULL.  */
+  m_environ_vector.insert (m_environ_vector.end () - 1,
+			   concat (var, "=", value, NULL));
 }
 
-/* Remove the setting for variable VAR from environment E.  */
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
 
 void
-unset_in_environ (struct gdb_environ *e, const char *var)
+gdb_environ::unset (const char *var)
 {
-  int len = strlen (var);
-  char **vector = e->vector;
-  char *s;
+  size_t len = strlen (var);
+
+  /* We iterate until '.cend () - 1' because the last element is
+     always NULL.  */
+  for (std::vector<char *>::const_iterator el = m_environ_vector.cbegin ();
+       el != m_environ_vector.cend () - 1;
+       ++el)
+    if (match_var_in_string (*el, var, len))
+      {
+	xfree (*el);
+	m_environ_vector.erase (el);
+	break;
+      }
+}
 
-  for (; (s = *vector) != NULL; vector++)
-    {
-      if (strncmp (s, var, len) == 0 && s[len] == '=')
-	{
-	  xfree (s);
-	  /* Walk through the vector, shuffling args down by one, including
-	     the NULL terminator.  Can't use memcpy() here since the regions
-	     overlap, and memmove() might not be available.  */
-	  while ((vector[0] = vector[1]) != NULL)
-	    {
-	      vector++;
-	    }
-	  break;
-	}
-    }
+/* See common/environ.h.  */
+
+char **
+gdb_environ::envp () const
+{
+  return const_cast<char **> (&m_environ_vector[0]);
 }
diff --git a/gdb/common/environ.h b/gdb/common/environ.h
index 3ace69e..48c9d3a 100644
--- a/gdb/common/environ.h
+++ b/gdb/common/environ.h
@@ -17,33 +17,61 @@ 
 #if !defined (ENVIRON_H)
 #define ENVIRON_H 1
 
-/* We manipulate environments represented as these structures.  */
+#include <vector>
 
-struct gdb_environ
+/* Class that represents the environment variables as seen by the
+   inferior.  */
+
+class gdb_environ
+{
+public:
+  /* Regular constructor and destructor.  */
+  gdb_environ ()
+  {
+    /* Make sure that the vector contains at least a NULL element.
+       If/when we add more variables to it, NULL will always be the
+       last element.  */
+    m_environ_vector.push_back (NULL);
+  }
+
+  ~gdb_environ ()
   {
-    /* Number of usable slots allocated in VECTOR.
-       VECTOR always has one slot not counted here,
-       to hold the terminating zero.  */
-    int allocated;
-    /* A vector of slots, ALLOCATED + 1 of them.
-       The first few slots contain strings "VAR=VALUE"
-       and the next one contains zero.
-       Then come some unused slots.  */
-    char **vector;
-  };
+    clear ();
+  }
+
+  /* Move constructor.  */
+  gdb_environ (gdb_environ &&e)
+    : m_environ_vector (std::move (e.m_environ_vector))
+  {
+    e.m_environ_vector.clear ();
+    e.m_environ_vector.push_back (NULL);
+  }
+
+  /* Move assignment.  */
+  gdb_environ &operator= (gdb_environ &&e);
 
-extern struct gdb_environ *make_environ (void);
+  static gdb_environ from_host_environ ();
 
-extern void free_environ (struct gdb_environ *);
+  /* Clear the environment variables stored in the object.  */
+  void clear ();
 
-extern void init_environ (struct gdb_environ *);
+  /* Return the value in the environment for the variable VAR.  The
+     return pointer is only valid as long as VAR is not
+     removed/replaced from the environment.  */
+  const char *get (const char *var) const;
 
-extern char *get_in_environ (const struct gdb_environ *, const char *);
+  /* Store VAR=VALUE in the environment.  */
+  void set (const char *var, const char *value);
 
-extern void set_in_environ (struct gdb_environ *, const char *, const char *);
+  /* Unset VAR in environment.  */
+  void unset (const char *var);
 
-extern void unset_in_environ (struct gdb_environ *, const char *);
+  /* Return the environment vector represented as a 'char **'.  */
+  char **envp () const;
 
-extern char **environ_vector (struct gdb_environ *);
+private:
+  /* A vector containing the environment variables.  */
+  std::vector<char *> m_environ_vector;
+};
 
 #endif /* defined (ENVIRON_H) */
diff --git a/gdb/gdbserver/linux-low.c b/gdb/gdbserver/linux-low.c
index c8e8d08..3d7cfe3 100644
--- a/gdb/gdbserver/linux-low.c
+++ b/gdb/gdbserver/linux-low.c
@@ -998,7 +998,7 @@  linux_create_inferior (const char *program,
 
   pid = fork_inferior (program,
 		       str_program_args.c_str (),
-		       environ_vector (get_environ ()), linux_ptrace_fun,
+		       get_environ ()->envp (), linux_ptrace_fun,
 		       NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 
   do_cleanups (restore_personality);
diff --git a/gdb/gdbserver/lynx-low.c b/gdb/gdbserver/lynx-low.c
index 35160d6..77f570e 100644
--- a/gdb/gdbserver/lynx-low.c
+++ b/gdb/gdbserver/lynx-low.c
@@ -259,7 +259,7 @@  lynx_create_inferior (const char *program,
 
   pid = fork_inferior (program,
 		       str_program_args.c_str (),
-		       environ_vector (get_environ ()), lynx_ptrace_fun,
+		       get_environ ()->envp (), lynx_ptrace_fun,
 		       NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 
   post_fork_inferior (pid, program);
diff --git a/gdb/gdbserver/server.c b/gdb/gdbserver/server.c
index 1d7a8b0..3838351 100644
--- a/gdb/gdbserver/server.c
+++ b/gdb/gdbserver/server.c
@@ -42,7 +42,7 @@ 
 
 /* The environment to pass to the inferior when creating it.  */
 
-struct gdb_environ *our_environ = NULL;
+static gdb_environ our_environ;
 
 /* Start the inferior using a shell.  */
 
@@ -257,10 +257,10 @@  get_exec_file (int err)
 
 /* See server.h.  */
 
-struct gdb_environ *
+gdb_environ *
 get_environ ()
 {
-  return our_environ;
+  return &our_environ;
 }
 
 static int
@@ -3698,8 +3698,7 @@  captured_main (int argc, char *argv[])
     }
 
   /* Gather information about the environment.  */
-  our_environ = make_environ ();
-  init_environ (our_environ);
+  our_environ = gdb_environ::from_host_environ ();
 
   initialize_async_io ();
   initialize_low ();
diff --git a/gdb/gdbserver/server.h b/gdb/gdbserver/server.h
index 4de4244..46b614c 100644
--- a/gdb/gdbserver/server.h
+++ b/gdb/gdbserver/server.h
@@ -62,6 +62,7 @@  int vsnprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, va_list ap);
 #include "mem-break.h"
 #include "gdbthread.h"
 #include "inferiors.h"
+#include "environ.h"
 
 /* Target-specific functions */
 
@@ -154,9 +155,8 @@  extern int in_queued_stop_replies (ptid_t ptid);
    inferior and PROGRAM is its name.  */
 extern void post_fork_inferior (int pid, const char *program);
 
-/* Get the 'struct gdb_environ *' being used in the current
-   session.  */
-extern struct gdb_environ *get_environ ();
+/* Get the gdb_environ being used in the current session.  */
+extern gdb_environ *get_environ ();
 
 extern target_waitstatus last_status;
 extern ptid_t last_ptid;
diff --git a/gdb/gdbserver/spu-low.c b/gdb/gdbserver/spu-low.c
index 0f770a0..6362502 100644
--- a/gdb/gdbserver/spu-low.c
+++ b/gdb/gdbserver/spu-low.c
@@ -289,7 +289,7 @@  spu_create_inferior (const char *program,
 
   pid = fork_inferior (program,
 		       str_program_args.c_str (),
-		       environ_vector (get_environ ()), spu_ptrace_fun,
+		       get_environ ()->envp (), spu_ptrace_fun,
 		       NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL);
 
   post_fork_inferior (pid, program);
diff --git a/gdb/infcmd.c b/gdb/infcmd.c
index d551639..defa7b0 100644
--- a/gdb/infcmd.c
+++ b/gdb/infcmd.c
@@ -610,7 +610,7 @@  run_command_1 (char *args, int from_tty, int tbreak_at_main)
      the value now.  */
   run_target->to_create_inferior (run_target, exec_file,
 				  std::string (get_inferior_args ()),
-				  environ_vector (current_inferior ()->environment),
+				  current_inferior ()->environment.envp (),
 				  from_tty);
   /* to_create_inferior should push the target, so after this point we
      shouldn't refer to run_target again.  */
@@ -2131,7 +2131,7 @@  environment_info (char *var, int from_tty)
 {
   if (var)
     {
-      char *val = get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, var);
+      const char *val = current_inferior ()->environment.get (var);
 
       if (val)
 	{
@@ -2149,11 +2149,11 @@  environment_info (char *var, int from_tty)
     }
   else
     {
-      char **vector = environ_vector (current_inferior ()->environment);
+      char **envp = current_inferior ()->environment.envp ();
 
-      while (*vector)
+      for (int idx = 0; envp[idx] != NULL; ++idx)
 	{
-	  puts_filtered (*vector++);
+	  puts_filtered (envp[idx]);
 	  puts_filtered ("\n");
 	}
     }
@@ -2215,10 +2215,10 @@  set_environment_command (char *arg, int from_tty)
       printf_filtered (_("Setting environment variable "
 			 "\"%s\" to null value.\n"),
 		       var);
-      set_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, var, "");
+      current_inferior ()->environment.set (var, "");
     }
   else
-    set_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, var, val);
+    current_inferior ()->environment.set (var, val);
   xfree (var);
 }
 
@@ -2230,13 +2230,10 @@  unset_environment_command (char *var, int from_tty)
       /* If there is no argument, delete all environment variables.
          Ask for confirmation if reading from the terminal.  */
       if (!from_tty || query (_("Delete all environment variables? ")))
-	{
-	  free_environ (current_inferior ()->environment);
-	  current_inferior ()->environment = make_environ ();
-	}
+	current_inferior ()->environment = gdb_environ::from_host_environ ();
     }
   else
-    unset_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, var);
+    current_inferior ()->environment.unset (var);
 }
 
 /* Handle the execution path (PATH variable).  */
@@ -2247,8 +2244,7 @@  static void
 path_info (char *args, int from_tty)
 {
   puts_filtered ("Executable and object file path: ");
-  puts_filtered (get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment,
-				 path_var_name));
+  puts_filtered (current_inferior ()->environment.get (path_var_name));
   puts_filtered ("\n");
 }
 
@@ -2261,13 +2257,13 @@  path_command (char *dirname, int from_tty)
   const char *env;
 
   dont_repeat ();
-  env = get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, path_var_name);
+  env = current_inferior ()->environment.get (path_var_name);
   /* Can be null if path is not set.  */
   if (!env)
     env = "";
   exec_path = xstrdup (env);
   mod_path (dirname, &exec_path);
-  set_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, path_var_name, exec_path);
+  current_inferior ()->environment.set (path_var_name, exec_path);
   xfree (exec_path);
   if (from_tty)
     path_info ((char *) NULL, from_tty);
diff --git a/gdb/inferior.c b/gdb/inferior.c
index 0b655f4..9fa2dad 100644
--- a/gdb/inferior.c
+++ b/gdb/inferior.c
@@ -81,7 +81,6 @@  inferior::~inferior ()
   inferior_free_data (inf);
   xfree (inf->args);
   xfree (inf->terminal);
-  free_environ (inf->environment);
   target_desc_info_free (inf->tdesc_info);
   xfree (inf->priv);
 }
@@ -89,10 +88,9 @@  inferior::~inferior ()
 inferior::inferior (int pid_)
   : num (++highest_inferior_num),
     pid (pid_),
-    environment (make_environ ()),
+    environment (gdb_environ::from_host_environ ()),
     registry_data ()
 {
-  init_environ (this->environment);
   inferior_alloc_data (this);
 }
 
diff --git a/gdb/inferior.h b/gdb/inferior.h
index 1c541b7..8ada4f8 100644
--- a/gdb/inferior.h
+++ b/gdb/inferior.h
@@ -30,7 +30,6 @@  struct regcache;
 struct ui_out;
 struct terminal_info;
 struct target_desc_info;
-struct gdb_environ;
 struct continuation;
 struct inferior;
 
@@ -43,6 +42,9 @@  struct inferior;
 /* For struct frame_id.  */
 #include "frame.h"
 
+/* For gdb_environ.  */
+#include "environ.h"
+
 #include "progspace.h"
 #include "registry.h"
 
@@ -363,7 +365,7 @@  public:
 
   /* Environment to use for running inferior,
      in format described in environ.h.  */
-  gdb_environ *environment = NULL;
+  gdb_environ environment;
 
   /* True if this child process was attached rather than forked.  */
   bool attach_flag = false;
diff --git a/gdb/mi/mi-cmd-env.c b/gdb/mi/mi-cmd-env.c
index 97be139..bf4578c 100644
--- a/gdb/mi/mi-cmd-env.c
+++ b/gdb/mi/mi-cmd-env.c
@@ -167,7 +167,7 @@  mi_cmd_env_path (const char *command, char **argv, int argc)
   else
     {
       /* Otherwise, get current path to modify.  */
-      env = get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, path_var_name);
+      env = current_inferior ()->environment.get (path_var_name);
 
       /* Can be null if path is not set.  */
       if (!env)
@@ -178,9 +178,9 @@  mi_cmd_env_path (const char *command, char **argv, int argc)
   for (i = argc - 1; i >= 0; --i)
     env_mod_path (argv[i], &exec_path);
 
-  set_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, path_var_name, exec_path);
+  current_inferior ()->environment.set (path_var_name, exec_path);
   xfree (exec_path);
-  env = get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment, path_var_name);
+  env = current_inferior ()->environment.get (path_var_name);
   uiout->field_string ("path", env);
 }
 
diff --git a/gdb/solib.c b/gdb/solib.c
index 491c18a..788cf15 100644
--- a/gdb/solib.c
+++ b/gdb/solib.c
@@ -350,16 +350,15 @@  solib_find_1 (const char *in_pathname, int *fd, int is_solib)
 
   /* If not found, next search the inferior's $PATH environment variable.  */
   if (found_file < 0 && sysroot == NULL)
-    found_file = openp (get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment,
-					"PATH"),
+    found_file = openp (current_inferior ()->environment.get ("PATH"),
 			OPF_TRY_CWD_FIRST | OPF_RETURN_REALPATH, in_pathname,
 			O_RDONLY | O_BINARY, &temp_pathname);
 
   /* If not found, and we're looking for a solib, next search the
      inferior's $LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable.  */
   if (is_solib && found_file < 0 && sysroot == NULL)
-    found_file = openp (get_in_environ (current_inferior ()->environment,
-					"LD_LIBRARY_PATH"),
+    found_file = openp (current_inferior ()->environment.get
+			("LD_LIBRARY_PATH"),
 			OPF_TRY_CWD_FIRST | OPF_RETURN_REALPATH, in_pathname,
 			O_RDONLY | O_BINARY, &temp_pathname);
 
diff --git a/gdb/unittests/environ-selftests.c b/gdb/unittests/environ-selftests.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..8670d58
--- /dev/null
+++ b/gdb/unittests/environ-selftests.c
@@ -0,0 +1,129 @@ 
+/* Self tests for gdb_environ for GDB, the GNU debugger.
+
+   Copyright (C) 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+   This file is part of GDB.
+
+   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+   the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
+   (at your option) any later version.
+
+   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
+   GNU General Public License for more details.
+
+   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+   along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.  */
+
+#include "defs.h"
+#include "selftest.h"
+#include "common/environ.h"
+
+namespace selftests {
+namespace gdb_environ_tests {
+
+static void
+run_tests ()
+{
+  /* Set a test environment variable.  This will be unset at the end
+     of this function.  */
+  if (setenv ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON", "1", 1) != 0)
+    error (_("Could not set environment variable for testing."));
+
+  gdb_environ env;
+
+  /* When the vector is initialized, there should always be one NULL
+     element in it.  */
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[0] == NULL);
+
+  /* Make sure that there is no other element.  */
+  SELF_CHECK (env.get ("PWD") == NULL);
+
+  /* Check if unset followed by a set in an empty vector works.  */
+  env.set ("PWD", "test");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("PWD"), "test") == 0);
+  /* The second element must be NULL.  */
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[1] == NULL);
+  env.unset ("PWD");
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[0] == NULL);
+
+  /* Initialize the environment vector using the host's environ.  */
+  env = gdb_environ::from_host_environ ();
+
+  /* Our test environment variable should be present at the
+     vector.  */
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON"), "1") == 0);
+
+  /* Set our test variable to another value.  */
+  env.set ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON", "test");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON"), "test") == 0);
+
+  /* And unset our test variable.  The variable still exists in the
+     host's environment, but doesn't exist in our vector.  */
+  env.unset ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON");
+  SELF_CHECK (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON") == NULL);
+
+  /* Re-set the test variable.  */
+  env.set ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON", "1");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON"), "1") == 0);
+
+  /* When we clear our environ vector, there should be only one
+     element on it (NULL), and we shouldn't be able to get our test
+     variable.  */
+  env.clear ();
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[0] == NULL);
+  SELF_CHECK (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON") == NULL);
+
+  /* Reinitialize our environ vector using the host environ.  We
+     should be able to see one (and only one) instance of the test
+     variable.  */
+  env = gdb_environ::from_host_environ ();
+  char **envp = env.envp ();
+  int num_found = 0;
+
+  for (size_t i = 0; envp[i] != NULL; ++i)
+    if (strcmp (envp[i], "GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON=1") == 0)
+      ++num_found;
+  SELF_CHECK (num_found == 1);
+
+  /* Get rid of our test variable.  */
+  unsetenv ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON");
+
+  /* Test the case when we set a variable A, then set a variable B,
+     then unset A, and make sure that we cannot find A in the environ
+     vector, but can still find B.  */
+  env.set ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_1", "aaa");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_1"), "aaa") == 0);
+
+  env.set ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_2", "bbb");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_2"), "bbb") == 0);
+
+  env.unset ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_1");
+  SELF_CHECK (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_1") == NULL);
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("GDB_SELFTEST_ENVIRON_2"), "bbb") == 0);
+
+  env.clear ();
+
+  /* Test that after a std::move the moved-from object is left at a
+     valid state (i.e., its only element is NULL).  */
+  env.set ("A", "1");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("A"), "1") == 0);
+  gdb_environ env2;
+  env2 = std::move (env);
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[0] == NULL);
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env2.get ("A"), "1") == 0);
+  SELF_CHECK (env2.envp ()[1] == NULL);
+  env.set ("B", "2");
+  SELF_CHECK (strcmp (env.get ("B"), "2") == 0);
+  SELF_CHECK (env.envp ()[1] == NULL);
+}
+} /* namespace gdb_environ */
+} /* namespace selftests */
+
+void
+_initialize_environ_selftests ()
+{
+  register_self_test (selftests::gdb_environ_tests::run_tests);
+}